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account of Mrs. Baldwin's ill health, | JAPAN.—The question of the aphas been appointed as pastor of St. pointment of an English Missionary Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church, Bishop for Japan has been before Newark, New Jersey.
the Church Missionary Society for We have been permitted to ex. the last four years. Arrangements, tract the following from a private it seems, have at length been made letter :-“Mr. and Mrs. Hartwell which will lead to the immediate have just returned from a trip of supply of this want. One warm about 250 miles up the Min River supporter of the society, generously to Shaown and vicinity, where Mr. offered to cover the promised grant H. received some twelve adults to of £500 a year for five years at the Church, by profession of faith least; thus relieving the General and baptism. Ten of these were Fund of the charge during that the fruits, for the most part, of the period. During the past year this work of a native doctor who was Mission has baptized 99, of whom received last Fall. He has received 44 were children. Among the 55 no pay from any one. There are adult converts some were men of also nearly twenty inquirers at the position and influence. same place, the fruits of his labors."
Notices of Recent Publications.
Report of the Medical Missionary Society in China, for 1881. The Report by the Physician in ing the son of $1,924.92 in hand charge of the Society's Hospital at for the expenses of the current year. Canton, gives evidence of the con- The Report gives the usual details tinued and enlarged usefulness of of the diseases which have been atthe institution and of the liberality tended to, and operations performed. of the community in supporting it. We refer those who wish for such The attendance at the Hospital particulars to the Report itself. Dr. during the year is reported as fol. Kerr makes but little reference to the lows :-Out-patients, males 15,852; opium patients except to state that females 13,480; total 19,332. In the number applying has been less patients, males 724; females 340; than in former years; and a distotal 1064. Surgical operations 1115. trust of the radical cure of the habit Vaccinations 194.
of opium-smoking when once fully The current expenditures for the acquired. This is a very sad view Hospital work was $1,390.60, and of the case, and gives great urgency for all expenditures $2,895, includ. to the suggestion that the efforts ing those wbich were for the erection for the eradication of this vice from of new wards, printing medical works among the Chinese must be directed &c. The whole amonnt of receipts to the preventing any from forming from all sources were $4,719.82 leave the habit of using opium.
Report of the Medical Missionary Hospital at Swatow; under the care of
Alexander Lyall, M.B.C.M., for 1881. THIS Report presents a very striking The opium patients were mostly contrast to the former one in one from villages. As the result of inparticular, viz., that the number of quiries of them Dr. Lyall ascertainin-patients largely exceeds the num- ed "(1.) that the habit of opiumber of out-patients. They are stated smoking has rapidly spread in vilthus: in-patients 2,872; out-patients lages and hamlets during the last 1082; patients seen in the country eight or ten years; (2.) that an 800; total 4,754. This marked con- average of 4 per cent. of inhabitrast would appear to result from tants of the villages represented by the fact that Swatow being but a patients smoke." He states "that small town the patients are largely the treatment in every case is to cut from the country, and in order to off the opium at once." pp. 8-12. derive advantage from the treat- The result of the religious instrucment they must become in-patients. tion in both hospitals was very Dr. Lyall records a marked in-gratifying. Besides the fact that crease of opium patients, i.e. those most of those who had been inwho came to be cured of the habit of patients carried away with them opium-smoking. He also notes the some clear knowledge of divine fact that the cure of former patients truth, in one hospital some eighteen was permanent, as many of the new were received into the Church and ones were brought to the Hospital to in the other seventeen. All wellbe cured of opium-smoking by those wishers of mankind will agree in who had formerly been cured. He wishing all the missionary Hospitals says the quantity daily consumed abundant success in their benevolent by those who came to the Hospital work of doing good to the souls and "varied from 3 candareens to 7 bodies of their fellow men. mace, the average being 1.5 mace."
The Gospel of Luke in the Colloquial of the Hakka Chinese in the Eastern part of the Canton Province. By Rev. Ch. Piton, Canton, 1882.
A Week's Prayers for Family Worship, in the Colloquial of the Hakka Chinese. By Rev. Ch. Piton, Canton, 1881.
The Contents Primer, transferred in the Colloquial of the Hakka Chinese. By
Rev. Ch. Piton.
THESE titles indicate the character of the several books. Copies can be had by applying to the author. His letter in another place will be read with interest by many.
Any statement that may be presented by others in relation to the use of the romanized colloquial in other places will be received with interest.
Hubbard's Newspaper and Bank Directory of the World. 2 Vols. 8vo., New Haven, Conn., U.S.A.
THESE two large handsome volumes | printed pages and give the name, are a marvel of industry and enter- place of issue and circulation of prise. They contain 2,592 closely nearly every newspaper in the world
and of the Banks. It is profusely wished by the Rev. E. W. Gilman, illustrated (1.) with the likeness Secretary of the American Bible of many distinguished editors in Society, it is stated “that the AmU.S.A. and Europe; (2.) with photo- erican Bible Society has printed graph fac-similes of many of the the Bible, or integral portions of it, influential newspapers of Europe in more than eighty languages and and America; (3.) sketches of many dialects. Various Bible Societies newspaper buildings in various have, directly or indirectly, promot. cities. The book contains some ed the publication of no less than general notion of every country in 316 versions of the Scriptures, in regard to its geography, population 238 different languages and dialects. and government. It presents very More that four-fifths of these ver. striking evidence of the facilities sions are the production of modern of intercourse between all lands, and scholarship and missionary zeal; and the widely extending commercial additions are made to the list erery intercourse between them which year. The total number of Bibles, renders such a directory desirable Testaments and integral portions and useful.
issued at home and in foreign lands Several pages are occupied with by the American Bible Society since specimens of one hundred and sixty its organization to the 31st of March, languages. These specimens were 1880, was 37,408,208." All these prepared from a collection prepared various kinds of intercourse are in by the American Bible Society for fulfillment of the prophecy "many exhibition at the American Centen- shall run to and for, and knowledge nial Exhibition in 1876. The speci- shall increase.” Dan. 4: 12. We men gives the 16th verse of the 3rd wish the author every success in his chapter of John's Gospel. In the enterprising project. perfactory remarks which were fur.
The China Review : for March-April, 1882. This number of the Review is of, on the Chinese Calendar. At the more than average interest. The close of the paper he gives a comnotices of Szech'uan by Mr. E. H. parative Calendar from A.D. 1880 to Parker maintains the interest they A.D. 1900 in which the Chinese months awakened by reading the previous for each year with the months of the articles. Dr. Eitel's Notes on Chinese Gregorian Calendar are given. The Porclain will arrest the attention of Chinese intercalary month is inthose who open the Review. The dicated when it occurs. Mr. G. C. students of Cantonese will find some- Stent contributes an interesting inthing to interest them in Mr. J. H. cident. The Book Notices and the S. Lockhart's Canton Syllabary. Notes and Queries are of the usual Bat the most valuable paper in this variety and interest. nuinber is Mr. H. Fritsche's article
05 We have papers still in reserve from J. Dudgeon, M.D., (2); R.
; H. Graves, M.D., D.D., (2); etc., etc.
THE PROVERBS AND COMMON SAYINGS OF THE CHINESE.
By REV. ARTHUR H. SMITH.
( Continued from page 176.) 1.-QUOTATIONS, OR ADAPTATIONS OF QUOTATIONS FROM THE CLASSICS
AND OTHER STANDARD BOOKS. IT T is to be understood that a proverb is by no means the same thing
as a mere quotation. The Chinese spoken language abounds in quotations more or less direct not only from the books known as classical, but from multitudes of others, quotations many of which have been woven into the speech of every day life, occasionally modified from the form in which they originally occurred, the better to adapt them to current use, yet the same for ‘substance of doctrine.' In this respect there is a certain resemblance between such classical citations, and our own use of biblical quotations. There are, however, thousands of quotations perfectly familiar to the millions of scholars who have hidden the whole of the Thirteen Classics in their capacious memories, which would be no more appreciated by the unscholarly, than so many lines from Pindar or from Horace. It is also to be borne in mind that owing to the strange system by which the classics are poured into the ear long before they find their way to the mind, many persons are able to recognize quotations by sound, as something which they have once committed to memory, though they may be almost or altogether ignorant of the significance.
It is found convenient in English to have at hand such books as Dictionaries of 'Familiar Quotations,' by means of which pearls which have been unstrung, may be again brought up at a single dive. Chinese dictionaries of quotations, would seem, however, to be more appropriately described as encyclopedias, to such an extent do they expand. The most familiar of all quotations, to wit those from the Classics, are moreover, so familiar to those who know them at all, that a compendium of them would be as useless as an index to the multiplication
table. When His Excellency Yeh, sometime Governor General of the Two Kuang provinces, was carried captive to India by the British, he was asked upon the voyage, why, instead of sitting all day in a state of comparative torpor, he did not read something. To this he made the conclusive reply, that all the books in existence which are worth reading he already knew by heart! There is a proverbial admonition to beware of the man of one book; how much more is to be dreaded the individual who has not only swallowed four, nine, or thirteen books, but has spent the best part of his life in digesting them! To such persons slight indeed is the service of indices, glossaries, and concordances.
The line between mere quotations, and quotations which by the attrition of ages of constant use have been worn smooth into proverbial currency, like many other linguistic distinctions in Chinese, is a somewhat vague one, and perhaps no two persons would draw that line at the same place.
To the appended specimens of familiar classical citations, may be prefixed a few taken from two little books which occupy a unique place in the Chinese educational system, being the alphabet, primer, and first-reader of all Chinese lads-the Trimetrical Classic (E) of Wang Po Hou (E) and the Thousand Character Classic († ) of Chou Hsing Szu (A).
PROVERBS FROM THE TRIMETRICAL CLASSIC.
'Men at their birth are by nature radically good' (A.
.). In this all approximate, but in practice widely diverge' (✯ 近習相遠。)(Gems unwrought form nothing useful’(玉不琢不 ). Men if they do not learn, will never know what is proper' 4.). To rear and not educate, is a father's fault' (..). To educate without severity, shows a teacher's indolence' (2.). 'Dogs watch by night, the cock announces the morning' (..). The silk-worm spins silk, the bee gathers honey' (48.41 1.). If men do not learn, they are not equal to the brutes' (V.).
PROVERBS FROM THE MILLENARY CLASSIC.
'Cold comes, heat goes; gather in autumn, store in winter' ( ..). When a fault is known, it should be amended' (XX). When one has received the benefit of a reproof, it
should never be forgotten' (). The streams flow and never pause' (J.). A foot of jade is of no value; an inch of time should be highly prized' (RT. JEER.). 'Harmonious above, united below; the husband sings, the wife accompanies' ( 下睦夫唱婦隨。)