Alexandria: City of the Western Mind
Simon and Schuster, 2010-06-15 - 272 psl.
Alexandria was the greatest cultural capital of the ancient world. Accomplished classicist and author Theodore Vrettos now tells its story for the first time in a single volume. His enchanting blend of literary and scholarly qualities makes stories that played out among architectural wonders of the ancient world come alive. His fascinating central contention that this amazing metropolis created the western mind can now take its place in cultural history.
Vrettos describes how and why the brilliant minds of the ages -- Greek scholars, Roman emperors, Jewish leaders, and fathers of the Christian Church -- all traveled to the shining port city Alexander the Great founded in 332 B.C. at the mouth of the mighty Nile. There they enjoyed learning from an extraordinary population of peaceful citizens whose rich intellectual life would quietly build the science, art, faith, and even politics of western civilization. No one has previously argued that, unlike the renowned military centers of the Mediterranean such as Rome, Carthage, and Sparta, Alexandria was a city of the mind. In a brief section on the great conqueror and founder Alexander, we learn that he himself was a student of Aristotle.
In Part Two of his majestic story, Vrettos shows that in the sciences the city witnessed an explosion: Aristarchus virtually invented modern astronomy; Euclid wrote the elements of geometry and founded mathematics; amazingly, Eratosthenes precisely figured the circumference of the earth; and 2,500 years before Freud, the renowned Alexandrian physician Erasistratus identified a mysterious connection between sexual problems and nervous breakdowns.
What could so cerebral a community care about geopolitics? As Vrettos explains in the third part of this epic saga, if Rome wanted power and prestige in the Mediterranean, the emperors had to secure the good will of the ruling class in Alexandria. Julius Caesar brought down the Roman Republic, and then almost immediately had to go to Alexandria to secure his power base. So begins a wonderfully told story of political intrigue that doesn't end until the Battle of Actium in 33 B.C. when Augustus Caesar defeated the first power couple, Anthony and Cleopatra.
The fourth part of Alexandria focuses on the sphere of religion, and for Vrettos its center is the famous Alexandrian Library. The chief librarian commissioned the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament, which was completed by Jewish intellectuals. Local church fathers Clement and Origen were key players in the development of Christianity; and the Coptic religion, with its emphasis on personal knowledge of God, flourished.
Vrettos has blended compelling stories with astute historical insight. Having read all the ancient sources in Ancient Greek, Hebrew, and Latin himself, he has an expert's knowledge of the everyday reality of his characters and setting. No reader will ever forget walking with him down this lost city's beautiful, dazzling streets.
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Alexandria: city of the western mindVartotojo apžvalga - Not Available - Book Verdict
Poets, historians, and travelers from ancient to modern times have never ceased to be fascinated by Alexandria, the great Egyptian city on the Mediterranean founded by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.E ... Skaityti visą apžvalgą
PART THREE The Power of the City
Kiti leidimai - Peržiūrėti viską
Pagrindiniai terminai ir frazės
Achillas Alexander Alexander's Alexandria Amru ancient Antony and Cleopatra Antony's Apollonius Arabs Archimedes Aristotle Arius army Arrian Asia Minor Athanasius Athens attack banquet battle beauty bishop body Brutus Caesarion called Canopic Cassius cavalry Celsus century B.C. Christian Clement Darius death Dio Cassius Diodorus Dionysus earth East Egypt Egyptian emperor empire enemy Erasistratus Eratosthenes Euclid famous father fleet forces friends Gaius galley gold Greece Greek hand harbor head Heptastadion Herophilus historian Ibid island Jewish Jews Julius Caesar killed king later legionaries Library lived Macedonian Mark Antony mausoleum Mouseion never Nile Octavian once Origen Parmenion Parthians Pelusium Pergamum Persian Pharos Philadelphus Philip Philo philosopher physician Piper Plato Plotinus Plutarch poet Pompey Ptolemy Philadelphus queen Roman Rome sail scholars seized Senate sent ships side soldiers stades Stoics stood streets Syria temple throne tion took troops victory wife wine woman women wrote
70 psl. - THEY told me, Heraclitus, they told me you were dead ; They brought me bitter news to hear and bitter tears to shed. I wept, as I remembered, how often you and I Had tired the sun with talking and sent him down the sky.
45 psl. - His hypotheses are that the fixed stars and the sun remain unmoved, that the earth revolves about the sun in the circumference of a circle, the sun lying in the middle of the orbit, and that the sphere of the fixed stars, situated about the same centre as the sun, is so great...
186 psl. - Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought: But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God.
192 psl. - equally deplorable and dangerous, that there are as many, creeds as opinions among men, as many doctrines as inclinations, and as many sources of blasphemy as there are are faults among us ; because we make creeds arbitrarily, and explain them as arbitrarily.
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