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whatever, unless it were either political or ob- fashionable house in the neighbourhood of St. James's ; scene. With no seasoning of either sort, “where- and, although I expostulated with him, and insisted that fore," he would ask indignantly, “should I waste

we were going up stairs and not down, he appeared to

me so ingentious in his protestations to the contrary that my time upon a poem ?” Porson had read the I could well disbelieve him no longer. Nevertheless, Rolliad, because it concerned his political party : receiving on the stairs many shoves and elbowings, I he had read the epistle of Oberoea, queen of could not help telling him plainly--that, if indeed it was Otaheite, to Sir Joseph Banks, because, if Joseph altered for the worse ; and that, in future, I should fre

the oyster-cellar in Fleet Street, the company was much was rather too demuro, the poem was not. Elso, quent another. When the fumes of the pipes had left and with such exceptions, he condescended not to me, I discovered the deceit by the brilliancy and indeany metrical writer subsequent to the era of Pope, cency of the dresses; and was resolved not to fall into whose Eloisa to Abelard he could say by heart, temptation. Although, to my great satisfaction, no imand could even sing from beginning to end; which, anxious that no other man should know me beside him indeed, he would do, whether you chose it or not, whose wantonness had conducted me thither; and I would after a sufficient charge of brandy, and sometimes have escaped, if I could have found the door, from which even though threatened with a cudgel, in case he erery effort I made appeared to remove me farther and

farther, persisted in his molestations. Waller he had also

A pretty woman said loudly,

has no gloves on!” «What nails the creature has :', read, and occasionally quoted with effect. But

plied an older one — " Piano-forte keys wanting the as to a critique on Wordsworth, whose name had white." » "? not begun to mount from the ground when Porson died, * as reasonably and characteristically might I

pauso

to

say that this, by all accounts which it have been put into the mouth of the Hetman have reached posterity, was., really no slander. Platoff. Instead of Porson's criticisms on writ- The Professor's forks had become rather of the ings which he never saw, let us hear Porson's dingiest, probably through inveterate habits of account of a fashionable rout in an aristocratic scratching up Greek roots from diluvian mould, London mansion : it was the only party of dis- some of it older than Deucalion's flood, and very tinction that this hirsute but most learned Theban good, perhaps, for turnips, but less sp for the ever visited ; and his history of what passed (comic digits which turn up turnips. What followed, alike and tragic) is better worth proserving than however, if it were of a nature to be circumstantially “ Brantome," or even than Swift's “Memoirs of a repeated, must have been more trying to the sengiParish Clerk.” It was by the hoax of a young bilities of the Greek oracle, and to the blushes of the Cantab that the Professor was ever decoyed into Policemen dispersed throughout the rooms, than such a party: the thing was a swindle ; but his even the harsh critique upon his nails; which, let the report of its natural philosophy is not on that ac- wits say what they would in their malice, were no count the less picturesque :

doubt washed regularly enough once every three « SOUTHEY. — Why do you repeat the word rout 50

years. And, even if they were not, I should say often?

that this is not by any means so strong a fact as “ Porson. I was once at one by mistake; and some that are reported about many a continental really I saw there what you describe : and this made me professor. Mrs. Cl-nt, with the twofold neatrepeat the word and smile. You seem curious.' “ Soutley.-— Rather, indeed.'

ness of an English woman and a quaker, told me, “ Porson.- I had been dining out; there were some

that, on visiting Pestalozzi, the celebrated educawho smoked after dinner : within a few hours, the fumes tion professor, at Yverdun, about 1820, her first of their pipes produced such an effect on my head that I impression, from a distant view of his dilapidated was willing to go into the air a little. Still I continued premises, was profound horror at the grimness of hot and thirsty; and an under-graduate, whose tutor was my old acquaintance, proposed that we should turn into his complexion, which struck her as no an oyster-cellar, and refresh ourselves with oysters and plexion formed by nature, but as a deposition porter. The rogue, instead of this, conducted me to a from half a century of atmospheric rustma most * An equal mistake it is in Mr. Landor to put into the cation, as a sine qua non towards any interview

ancient ærugo. She insisted on a radical purifimonth of Porson any vituperation of Mathias as one thnt had uttered opinions upon Wordsworth. In the Pursuits with herself. The meek professor consented. of Literature, down to the 15th edition, there is no men- Mrs. Cl. hired a stout Swiss charwoman, used tion of Wordsworth's name. Southey is mentioned sliglit. ingly, and chietly with reference to his then democratie to the scouring of staircases, kitchen floors, &c.; principles; but not Coleridge, and not Wordsworth. the professor, whom, on this occasion, one, may Mathias soon after went to Italy, where he passed the remainder of his life-lied, I believe, and

was buriedl-never, seat (as prisoners at the bar sometimes are with

call " the prisoner,” was accommodated with a Þorson, it is very true that Mathias took a few liberties us) in the centre of a mighty washing-tub, and with his private habits, such as his writing paragraphs in

then scoured through a long summer forenoon, the little cabinet fitted up for the gens de plume at the Morning Chronicle Office, and other trifles. But these, by the strength of a brawny Helvetian arm. though impertinences, were not of a nature seriously to “And now, my dear friend” said Mrs. Cl. to offend. They rather flattered, by the interest which they myself, “is it thy opinion that this was cruel ? main pretension, his exquisite skill in Greek, Mathias Some people say it was ; and I wish to disguise was not the man to admire this too little: his weakness, if nothing ;-it was not mere soap that I had him in that point he had a weakness, lay in the opposite direction. His own Greek was not a burthen that could have scoured with, but soap and sand ; so, say hofoundered a camel: he was neither accurate, nor extensive, nestly, dost thee call that cruel ?” Laughing no nor profound. But yet Mr. L. is wrong in thinking that be more than the frailty of my human nature comdrew it from an Index. In his Italian, he had the advantage probably of Mr. Landor himseli: at least, he wrote it pelled me, I replied, “ Far from it; on the conwith more apparent fluency and compass.

trary, everybody must be charmed with her con

com

sideration for the professor, in not having him of every woman is an idea so sholtered by the cleansed on the same principles as her carriage, tenderness and sanctity with which all but rufriz., taken to the stable-yard, mopped severely,” fians invest that organ of maternity, that no man {"mobbed, dost thee say?" she exclaimed; "No, seruples to name it, if the occasion warrants it. no," I said, “not mobbed, but mopped, until the He suppresses it only as he suppresses the name grarel should be all gone"], " then pelted with of God ; not as an idea that can itself contain buckets of water by firemen, and, finally, curry- any indecorum, but, on the contrary, as making combed and rubbed down by two grooms, keeping other and more trivial ideas to become indeup a sharp susurrus between them, so as to corous when associated with a conception rising soothe his wounded feelings; after all which, a so much above their own standard. Equally, the feed of oats might not have been amiss." The words, affliction, guilt, penitence, remorse, &c., are result, however, of this scouring extraordinary proseribed from the ordinary current of conversaFas probably as fatal as to Mambrino's helmet tion amongst mere acquaintances ; and for the in Don Quixote. Pestalozzi issued, indeed, from same reason, viz., that they touch chords too imthe washing-tub like Aeson from Medea’s kettle ; passioned and profound for harmonising with tho he took his station amongst a younger and fairer key in which the mere social civilities of life are generation ; and the dispute was now settled exchanged. Meantime, it is not true that any whether he belonged to the Caucasian or Mon- custom ever prevailed in ony class of calling a golian race. But his intellect was thought to woman's bosom her neck.---Porson goes on to say, have suffered seriously. The tarnish of fifty or that, for his part, he was born in an age when sixty years seemed to have acquired powers of people bad thighs. Well, a great many peoplo re-acting as a stimulant upon the professor's have thighs still. But in all ages there must faner, through the rete rucosum, or through- have been many of whom it is lawful to suspect heaven knows what. He was too old to be con- such a fact zoologicaily ; and yet, as men honverted to cleanliness; the Paganism of a ne- ouring our own race, and all its veils of glected person at seventy becomes a sort of reli- mystery, not too openly to insist upon it, which, gion interwoven with the nervous system-just as luckily, there is seldom any occasion to do. the well-known Plica Polonica from which the Mr. Landor conceives that we are growing worso French armies suffered so much in Poland, in the podantries of false delicacy. I think during 1807-8, though produced by neglect. of not. His own residence in Italy has injured his the hair, will not be cured by extirpation of the sense of discrimination. It is not his countrymen hair. The hair becomes matted into Medusa that have grown conspicuously more demure and loeks, or what look like snakes ; and to cut these prudish, but he himself that has grown in Italy off is oftentimes to cause nervous frenzy, or other more tolerant of what is really a blameable coarsegreat constitutional disturbance. I never heard, ness. Various instances occur in these volumes indeed, that Pestalozzi suffered apoplexy from of that faulty compliance with Southern grossness. his scouring ; but certainly his ideas on education The tendencies of the age, among ourselves, lie yret bewildered, and will be found essentially certainly in one channel towards excessive refinedamaged, after that great epoch-his baptism by ment. So far, however, they do but balance the water and sand.

opposite tendencies in some other channels. The Now, in comparison of an Orson like this man craving for instant effect in style-as it brings of Yverdun-this great Swiss reformer, who forward many disgusting Germanisms and other might, perhaps, have bred a pet variety of barbarisms-as it transplants into literature much typhus fever for his own separate use-- what slang from the street—as it re-acts painfully upon signify nails, though worse than Caliban's or Ne- the grandeurs of the antique scriptural diction, by buchadnezzar's ?

recalling into colloquial use many consecrated This Greek professor Porson--whosė know- words which thus lose their Gothic beauty-also ledge of English was so limited that his total oar- operates daily amongst journalists, by the temptago might have been embarked on board a walnut- tions of apparent strength that lurk in plain-speakshell, on the bosom of a slop bason, and insured ing or even in brutality. What other temptation, for three halfpence—astonishes me, that have for instance, can be supposed to govern those who, been studying English for thirty years and up- in speaking of hunger as it affects our paupers, so wards, by the strange discoveries that he an- needlessly offend us by the very coarsest English nounces in this field. One and all, I fear, are word for the Latin word venter? Surely the word mares' nests. He discovered, for instance, on his stomach would be intelligible to everybody, and first and last reception amongst aristocratic yet disgust nobody. "It would do for him that people, that in this region of society a female affects plain-speaking; it would do for you and bosom is called her neck. But, if it really had me that revolt from gross-speaking. Signs from been so called, I see no objection to the principle abroad speak the very same language, as to the concerned in such disguises; and I see the great-liberal tendencies (in this point) of the nineteenth est to that savage frankness which virtually is century. Formerly, it was treason for a Spaniard, indicated with applause in the Porsonian remark. even in a laudatory copy of verses, to suppose his Let us consider. It is not that we cannot speak own Queen lowered to the level of other females by freely of the female bosom, and we do so daily. the possession of legs! Constitutionally, the Queen In discussing a statue, we do so without reserve; was incapable of legs. How else her Majesty conand in the act of suckling an infant, the bosom trived to walk, or to dance, the Inquisition soon taught the poet was no concern of his. Royal legs / vour of any title whatever in regard to any other for females were an inconceivable thing—except title; but such a precedency for any of the cases amongst Protestant nations; some of whom the before us would be arbitrary, and not growing Spanish Church affirmed to be even disfigured by out of any internal principle, though useful for tails! Having tails, of course they might have legs. purposes of convenience. As regarded the Roman But not Catholic Queens. Now-a-days, so changed | Imperator, originally like the Roman Prætor is all this, that if you should even express your ho- this title and the official rank pointed exclusively mage to her Most Catholic Majesty, by sending to military distinctions. In process of time, the her a pair of embroidered garters—which certainly | Prætor came to be a legal officer, and the Impepre-suppose legs—there is no doubt that the Spa- rator to be the supreme political officer. But the nish Minister of Finance would gratefully carry motive for assuming the title of Imperator, as the them to account-on the principle that "every badge or cognizance of the sovereign authority, little helps.”. Mr. Porson is equally wrong, as I when the great transfiguration of the Republic conceive, in another illustration of this matter, took place, seems to have been this. An essentially drawn from the human toes, and specifically from new distribution of political powers had become the great toe. It is true, that, in refined society, necessary, and this change masqued itself to upon any rare necessity arising for alluding to so Romans, published itself in menaces and mutterinconsiderable a member of the human statue, ing thunder to foreign states, through the martial generally this is done at present by the French title of Imperator. A new equilibrium was determ doigt-de-piedthough not always--as may manded by the changes which time and luxury be seen in various honorary certificates granted and pauperism had silently worked in the compoto chiropodists within the last twenty months. sition of Roman society. If Rome was to be And whereas Mr. Porson asks pathetically-What saved from herself—if she was to be saved harm has the great toe done that it is never to be from the eternal flux and reflux-action and named? I answer—The greatest harm; as may re-action-amongst her oligarchy of immense be seen in the first act of “Coriolanus,” where estates (which condition of things it was that Menenius justly complains, that this arrogant forced on the great sine quâ non reforms of Cæsar, subaltern of the crural system,

against all the babble of the selfish Cicero, -Being basest, meanest, vilest,

of the wicked Cato, and of the debt-ridden Still goeth foremost.'

Senate)--then it was indispensable that a new Even in the villany of running away from battle, order of powers should be combined for bridling this unworthy servant still asserts precedency. I her internal convulsions. To carry her off from repeat, however, that the general tendencies of her own self-generated vortex, which would, in a the age, as to the just limits of parrhesia (using the very few years, have engulphed her and drawn her Greek word in a sense wider than of old), are down into fragments, some machinery as new as moving at present upon two opposite tacks; which steam power was required: her own native sails fact it is, as in some other cases, that makes the filled in the wrong direction. There were already final judgment difficult.

powers in the constitution equal to the work, but

distracted and falsely lodged. These must bo ROMAN IMPERATOR.

gathered into one hand. And, yet, as names are Mr. Landor, though really learned, often puts all-powerful upon our frail race, this recast must his learning into his pocket.

be verbally disguised. The title must be such as, Thus, with respect to the German Empire, Mr. whilst flattering the Roman pride, might yet anL. asserts that it was a chimæra; that the Impe- nounce to Oriental powers a plenipotentiary of rium Germanicum was a mere usage of speech, Rome who argued all disputed points, not so much founded (if I understand him) not even in a legal strongly as (in Irish phrase) with“ a strong back” fiction, but in a blunder; that a German Impera- -not so much piquing himself on Aristotelian tor never had a true historical existence; and, syllogisms that came within Barbara and Celo. finally, that even the Roman title of Imperator— rent, as upon thirty legions that stood within which, unquestionably, surmounted in grandeur call. The Consulship was good for little; that, all titles of honour that ever were or will be with some reservations, could be safely resigned ranged in dignity below the title of Rex.

into subordinate hands. The Consular name, I believe him wrong in every one of these doc- and the name of Senate, which was still suffered trines: let us confine ourselves to the last. The to retain an obscure vitality and power of title of Imperator was not originally either aboye resurrection, continued to throw a popular lustre or below the title of Rex, or even upon the same over the government. Millions were duped. But level; it was what logicians call disparatēit ra- the essential offices, the offices in which settled the diated from a different centre, precisely as the organs of all the life in the administration, were modern title of Decanus, or Dean, which is ori- these:-1, of Military Commander-in-Chief (inginally astrological [see the elder Scaliger on cluding such a partition of the provinces as might Manilius], has no relation, whether of superiority seal the authority in this officer's hands, and yet or equality or inferiority, to the title of Colonel, flatter the people through the Senate); 2, of Cennor the title of Cardinal any such relation to that sor, so as to watch the action of morals and social of Field-Marshal; and quite as little had Rer to usages upon politics ; 3, of Pontifex Maximus ; Imperator. Masters of Ceremonies, or Lord Cham- | 4, and finally, of Tribune. The tribunitial power, berlains, may certainly create a procedency in fa- next after the military power, occupied the earliest anxieties of the Cæsars. All these powers, and means nothing. Of the proudest Speaker that some others belonging to less dignified functions, England ever saw, viz., Sir Edward Seymour, it were made to run through the same central rings is recorded that his grandeur failed him, sank (or what in mail-coach harness is called the under him, like the Newgate drop, at the very moturrets): the “ribbons” were tossed up to one mentwhen his boiling anger most relied upon and reand the same imperial coachman, looking as quired it. Hewas riding near Barnet, when a rustic amiable as he could, but, in fact, a very truculent waggoner a-head of him, by keeping obstinately personage, having powers more unlimited than the middle of the road, prevented him from passwas always safe for himself. And now, after ing. Sir Edward motioned to him magnificently, all this change of things, what was to be the that he must turn his horses to the left. The carname? By what title should men know him ? ter, on some fit of the sulks (perhaps from the Much depended upon that. The tremendous Jacobinism innate in man), despised this pantosymbols of S. P. Q. R. still remained; nor had mime, and sturdily persisted in his mutinous disthey lost their power. On the contrary, the great respect. On which Sir Edward shouted—“Felidea of the Roman destiny, as of some vast phan- low, do you know who I am ?" Noo-ah,tom moving under God some unknown end, replied our rebellious friend, meaning, when faithwas greater than ever : the idea was now so great, fully translated, no. Are you aware, Sirrah,” that it had outgrown all its representative realities. said Sir Edward, now thoroughly incensed, “that Consul and Proconsul would no longer answer, I am the right honourable the Speaker? At your because they represented too exclusively the in- peril, sir, in the name of the Commons of Engterior or domestic fountains of power, and not the land, in Parliament assembled, quarter instantly external relations to the terraqueous globe which to the left.” This was said in that dreadful voice were beginning to expand with sudden accelera- which sometimes reprimanded penitent offenders, tions of velocity. The central power could not be kneeling at the bar of the House. The carter, forgotten by any who were near enough to have more struck by the terrific tones than the words, tasted its wrath : but now there was arising a ne-spoke an aside to “Dobbin" (his “thill" horse), cessity for expressing, by some great unity of de- which procured an opening to the blazing Speaker, nomination, so as no longer to lose the totality in and then replied thus—“Speaker! Why, if so the separate partitions—the enormity of the cir- be as thou can’st speak, whoy-y-y-y-y,” (in the cumference. Anecessity for this had repeatedly been tremulous undulation with which he was used to found in negotiations, and in contests of ceremonial utter his sovereign whoah-h-h-h to his horses), rank with oriental powers, as between ourselves · Whoy-y-y-y didn't-a speak afore?” The wagand China. With Persia, the greatest of these goner, it seemed, had presumed Sir Edward, from powers, an instinct of inevitable collision* had, for his mute pantomime, to be a dumb man; and all some time, been ripening. It became requisite that which the proud Speaker gained, by the proclathere should be a representative officer for the whole mation of his style and title, was, to be exonerated Roman grandeur, and one capable of standing on from that suspicion, but to the heavy discredit of his the same level as the Persian king of kings; and sanity. A Roman Dictator stood quite as poor a this necessity arose at the very same moment that chance with foreigners, as our Speaker with a rusa new organization was required of Roman power tic. “Dictator! let him dictate to his wife ; but he for domestic purposes.

There is no doubt that sha'n't dictate to us.” Any title, to prosper with both purposes were consulted in the choice of distant nations, must rest upon the basis of arms. the title Imperator. The chief alternative title and this fell in admirably with the political exiwas that of Dictator. But to this, as regarded gency for Rome herself. The title of Imperator was Romans, there were two objections—first, that it liable to no jealousy. Being entirely a military was a mere provisional title, always commemorat- title, it clashed with no civil pretensions whatever. ing a transitional emergency, and pointing to some Being a military title, that recorded a triumph happier condition, which the extraordinary powers over external enemies in the field, it was dear to of the officer ought soon to establish. It was in the patriotic heart; whilst it directed the eye to a the nature of a problem, and continually asked for quarter where all increase of power was concurits own solution. The Dictator dictated. He was rent with increase of benefit to the State. And the greatest ipse dixit that ever was heard of. again, as the honour had been hitherto purely It reminded the people verbally of despotic powers titular, accompanied by some auctoritas, in the and autocracy. Then again, as regarded foreign Roman sense [not always honour, for Cicero was nations, unacquainted with the Roman constitu- an Imperator for Cilician exploits, which he retion, and throughout the servile East incapable of ports with laughter), but no separate authority in understanding it, the title of Dictator had no our modern sense. Even in military circles it meaning at all. The Speaker is a magnificent was open to little jealousy: nor apparently could title in England, and makes brave men sometimes ripen into a shape that ever would be so, since, shake in their shoes. But, yet, if from rustic according to all precedent, it would be continually ignorance it is not understood, even that title balanced by the extension of the same title, under

popular military suffrage, to other fortunate * Herod the Great, and his father Antipater, owed the leaders. Who could foresee, at the inauguration favour of Rome, and, finally, the throne of Judæa, to the of this reform, that this precedent would be aboSersonable election which they made between Rome and lished? who could guess that henceforwards no Persia; but made not without some doubts, as between forces hardly yet brought to a satisfactory equation. more triumphs (but only a sparing distribution of

H

VOL. XIV.XO. OLTIII.

triumphal decorations), henceforwards no more somatophulakes were princes ; and his empire, Imperatorial titles for anybody out of the one conse- when burning out in Byzantium, furnished from crated family? All this was hidden in the bosom its very ruins the models for our western honours of the earliest Imperator: he seemed, to the great and ceremonial. Had it even begun in circummass of the people, perfectly innocent of civic am- stances of ignominy, that would have been cured bition: he rested upon his truncheon, i. e., upon easily by its subsequent triumph. Many are the S. P. Q. R. : like Napoleon, he said, “I am but titles of earth that have found a glory in looking the first soldier of the republic,” that is, the most back to the humility of their origin as its most dutiful of her servants; and, like Napoleon, under memorable feature. The fisherman who sits upon cover of this martial paludamentum, he had soon Mount Palatine, in some respects the grandest of filched every ensign of authority by which the all Potentates, as one wielding both earthly and organs of public power could speak. But, at the heavenly thunders, is the highest example of this. beginning, this title of Imperator was the one by Some, like the Mamelukes of Egypt and the early far the best fitted to masque all this, to disarm janizaries of the Porte, have glorified themselves suspicion, and to win the confidence of the people. in being slaves. Others, like the Caliphs, have

The title, therefore, began in something like founded their claims to men's homage in the fact of imposture; and it was not certainly at first the being successors to those who (between ourselves) gorgeous title into which it afterwards blossomed. were knaves. And once it happened to Professor The earth did not yet ring with it. The rays of its | Wilson and myself that we travelled in the same diadem were not then the first that said Al hail! post-chaise with a most agreeable madman, who, to the rising—the last that said Farewell ! to the amongst a variety of other select facts which he setting sun. But still it was already a splendid dis- communicated, was kind enough to give us the tinction; and, in a Roman ear, it must have sounded following etymological account of our much-refar above all competition from the trivial title (in spected ancestors the Saxons : which furnishes a that day) of "Rex,”unless it were the Persian Rex, further illustration (quite unknown to the learned] viz., “Rex Regum.” Romans gave the title; they of the fact—that honour may glory in deducing stooped not to accept it. * Even Mark Antony, itself from circumstances of humility. He asin the all-magnificent description of him by Shak- sured us that these worthy Pagans were a league spere's Cleopatra, could give it in showers-kings comprehending every single brave man of German waited in his ante-room, “and from his pocket blood; so much so, that on sailing away they left fell crowns and sceptres.' The title of Imperator that unhappy land in a state of universal cowardice, was indeed reaped in glory that transcended the which accounts for the licking it subsequently reglory of earth, but it was not, therefore, sown in ceived from Napoleon. The Saxons were very poor, dishonour.

as brave men too often are. In fact, they had no We are all astonished at Mr. Landor--myself breeches, and, of course, no silk stockings. They and 300 select readers. What can he mean by had, however, sacks, which they mounted on their tilting against the Imperator-Semper Augustus ? backs, whence naturally their name Sax-on. Before him the sacred fire (that burned from Sacks-on! was the one word of command, and that century to century) went pompously in advance spoken, the army was ready. In reality, it was before him the children of Europe and Asia—of treason to take them off. But this endorsement of Africa and the islands, rode as dorypheroi ; his their persons was not assumed on any Jewish prin

ciple of humiliation; on the contrary, in the most Stooped not to accept it.—The notion that Julius Cæ- flagrant spirit of defiance to the whole race of man. sar, who of all men must have held cheapest the title of For they proclaimed that, having no breeches nor Rex, had seriously intrigued to obtain it, arose (as I conceive) from two mistukes—Ist

, From a misinterpretation silk stockings of their own, they intended, wind and of a figurative ceremony in the pageant of the Lupercalia. weather permitting, to fill these samo sacks with The Romans were ridiculously punctilious in this kind of those of other men. The Welshmen then occupy. for making himself king, becunse lie wore white bandages ing England were reputed to have a good stock of round his thighs; now white, in olden days, was as much both, and in quest of this Welsh wardrobe the the regal colour as purple. Think, dear reader, of us—of Sacks-on army sailed. With what success it is because we may choose to wear white cotton drawers. Pom- not requisite to say, since here in one post-chaise, pey was very angry, and swore bloody oaths that it was not 1430 years after, were three of their posterity, the ambition which had cased his thighs in white fasciae. Professor, the madman, and myself, indorsees (as “Why, what is it then?" said a grave citizen. “What is it, man?" replied Pompey, “it is rheumatism." Dogberry you may say) of the original indorsers, who were must have had a band in this charge:-“ Dost thou bear, all well equipped with the objects of this great thou varlet? Thou are charged with incivism; and it shall Sacks-on exodus. go hard with me but I will prove thee to thy face a false

It is true that the word emperor is not in every knave, and guilty of flat rheumatism." The other reason which has tended to confirm posterity in the belief that situation so impressive as the word king. But Cæsar really coveted the title of Rex was the confusion of that arises in part from the latter word having the truth arising with Greek writers. Basileus, the term by which indifferently they designated the mighty

Artaxerxes less of specialty about it; it is more catholic, and and the pettiest regulus, was the original translation used to that extent more poetic; and in part from for Imperator. Subsequently, and especially after Diocle accidents of position which disturb the relations sian had approximated the aulic pomps to Eastern models, the terms Autocrator, Kaisar, Augustus, Sebastos, &c., came of many other titles beside. The Proconsul had more into use. But after Trajan's time, or even to that of a grander sound, as regarded military expeditions, Imperator and Imperitorial (viz. Basilers and Basilikos] to Surena left a more awful remembrance of his Commodus, generally the same terms which expressed than the principal from whom he emanated. The Grecian ear expressed Rex and Regalis.

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