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Then Tindaill heard them reason rude, And they loot off a flight of arrows. “ Then was there nought but bow and speir,
And every man pulled out a brand; *A Schafton and a Fenwick' there :
Gude Symington was slain frae hand.
The Scotsmen cried on other to stand, Frae time they saw John Robson slain
What should they cry? the King's command Could cause no cowards turn again. “ Up rose the laird to red the cumber,
Which would not be for all his boast ;-What could we doe with sic a number
Fyve thousand men into a host?
Then Henry Purdie proved his cost, And very narrowlie had mischief'd him,
And there we had our warden lost, Wert not the grit God he relieved him. " Another throw the breiks him bair,
While flatlies to the ground he fell ;
Into my stomack it struck a knell !
Yet up he raise, the truth to tell ye, And laid about him dints full dour;
Ilis horscmen they raid sturdily, And stude about him in the stoure. " Then raise the slogan with ane shout
* Fy, Tindaill, to it! Jedburgh's here!' I trow he was not half sae stout,
But anis his stomack was asteir,
With gun and genzie bow and speir, Then might see mony a cracked crown!
But up amang the merchant geir, They were as busy as we were down. " The swallow taill frae tackles flew,
Five hundredth flain into a flight ; But we lind pestelets enew,
And shot among them as we might.
With help of God the game gaed right, Fra time the foremost of them fell;
Then ower the knowe, without good-night, They ran with mony a shout and yell. “But after they had turned backs,
Yet Tindaill men they turned again, And had not been the merchant packs,
There had been mae of Scotland slain.
But Jesu ! if the folks were fain, To put the buzzing on their thies ;
And so they fled wi' a' their main, Down ower the brae, like clogged bees. “ Sir Francis Russell ta'en was there,
And hurt, as we hear men rehearse ; Proud Wallington was wounded sair,
Albeit he be a Fenwick fierce.
But if ye wald a souldier search, Among them a' were ta'on that night,
Was mane sae wordie to put in verse As Collingwood, that courteous knight. “Young Henry Schafton, he is hurt ;
A souldier shot him wi' a bow ; Scotland bas cause to mak' great sturt,
For laiming of the Laird of Thow.
The Laird's Wat did weel indeed ; Ilis friends stood stoutlie by himsell,
With little Gladstain, gude in need, For Gretein kend na gude be ill. “ The Sheriffe wanted not gude will,
How beit he might not fight so fast; Beanjiddart, Hundlie, and Huntshill,
There, on they laid weel at the last.
Except the horsemen of the guard, If I could put men to availe,
None stoutlie stood out for their laird, Nor did the lads of Liddisdail,
“But little harness had we there ;
But auld Badreule had on a jack,
With all his Turmbills at his back.
Gude Edderstane was not to lack,
Thus all the specials I of speak,
We need not fear to find him soon;
Made us this noisome afternoon,
Not that I speak preceslie out,
But pride, and breaking out of feuid, Garr's Tindaill lads begin the quarrel.” Like most of these rivers, the upper part of the Jed is devoid of wood, but its lovely stream soon becomes buried in the deep and impenetrable shades of the grand remains of the ancient Caledonian forest, which still extend themselves along its banks. We, from experience, do not hesitate to declare, that our wanderings through these sylvan wildernesses have been productive of much more exciting sensations than those merely which might be engendered by the effect of woodland scenery alone. Every giant tree that spreads its wide leafy canopy abroad orer our heads seemed to link as by association with centuries long gone by. We, for our own part, had no doubt that manyof them beheld the return of our victorious Scottish army from Otterburne, moving with chastened step, under the deep affliction of the loss of their hero, Lord Douglas, which converted their triumph into mourning, and their march into a faneral procession, as we have had occasion to describe it in our Historical Romance of “The Wolfe of Badenoch."
The site of the ancient Jedburgh, which is said to have been founded in 845, lies about four miles above the present town, and nothing can be more romantic or beautiful than the whole of the great road in its way to the present town, both road and river winding among high banks, covered with the grand remains of the ancient forest. The Marquis of Lothian's old castle of Fernieherst, on the right bank, now partly in ruins, is one of the most interesting objects the lover of such antiquities can meet with. It was built by Sir Thomas Kerr in 1490, and it was a fortress of so much importance as to have under gone several sieges, by the armies of both countries. One memorable beleaguerment was big the Scottish forces, assisted by French auxiliaries, who recaptured it from the English. Beangé, one of the French officers, has left a curious and very particular account of this siege, which, we grieve to say, was full of cruel atrocities on the part of the Scots, in revenge for those formerly perpetrated by the English. The remains consist of a large square tower, with a number of picturesque subsidiary buildings. The oldfashioned garden is curious and interesting, and, altogether, we know few places where we should more willingly spend a long summer's day that amidst the woods of Fernieherst, and we must own we should have liked it better previous to the present approach being made, by which a carriage
may now get up to the door of the building. It citizens that fell into his hands. In our limited could then only be reached by a confined path, space, it would be vain to attempt to describe the which made its devious way among the huge Abbey; all we can say is, that it is one of the most oaks. Among these, at the top of the ascent beautiful specimens of the Saxon and early Gothic from the haugh below, stands the great oak called that Scotland possesses. As a ruin it is highly “The King of the Wood,” and on the haugh itself picturesque, and as a feature in this most romanstands “ The Capon Tree,” both of which we have tic town it is invaluable. The houses towards had occasion to notice in our edition of “Gilpin's the upper part of the burgh, or the “ Townhead,” Forest Scenery."
as that quarter is called, are peculiarly worth The romantic character of this region is aug- notice. Mr. Chambers tells us that the very old mented by the curious caverns, apparently ar- houses of which it is composed have suffered few tificial, which are found on the banks of the Jed, repairs, and no alterations, for generations, from at Hundalee, Lintalee, and Mossburn-ford. These their old-fashioned inhabitants, who form a society were supposed to have been used as places of re- by themselves, and would by no means condescend treat and concealment in the olden times. The to intermarry with the people at the lower end of camp where Barbour, in his “Bruce,” makes the the town, or the “ Townfit,' as being moderns, Douglas lie, for the defence of Jedburgh, is at and infinitely inferior to themselves in point of Lintalee, about a mile from the town, and it was antiquity. We must confess that we beheld a here that he killed, in personal encounter, the railway planning up to Jedburgh with anything Earl of Brittany, the English commander, and but equanimity. We speak as an antiquary, defeated his army with great slaughter.
and we, in that character, predict, that the day it Nothing can possibly be more romantic than is opened, the romance of Jcdburgh will be gone. the approach to Jedburgh, by the winding road Perhaps the most interesting relic in the town and merrily dancing river, the bottom for the is the house where Queen Mary was laid up with most part closely enclosed between steep, rocky, that serious illness which so nearly carried her wooded banks, but now and then expanding into off, and which was the result of her almost incre. little grassy glades, where the sunshine has full dible exertion and fatigue in riding into Liddispower to rest, and to produce a brilliant effect in dale to visit Bothwell
, who lay at Hermitage opposition to the deep neighbouring shades, or Castle wounded by the banditti. It has been where night might spread a moon-lit carpet for constructed as a Bastel house ; it has a plain the faeries to dance upon. And then, again, when barn-like appearance on the one side, and on the the antique town bursts upon the eye, filling its south side, where there is a large garden between little rock-and-wood-environed amphitheatre, and it and the river, a square tower projects from the rising backwards to the north from the sweep of building, in which was Mary's apartment, with the river that half surrounds it to the south, with that of her tire-woman immediately above. We the tower of its beautiful ruined Abbey rising had occasion to visit it recently, and were much grandly over it, we pledge ourselves that the gratified by being admitted by the ladies who traveller will admit that he has seen few scenes inhabit it. We could not help figuring to ourselves more interesting or beautiful.
the Queen lying in this truly sorry apartment, Jedburgh is one of those places which is unique oppressed by her malady, and with every reason in itself, and, notwithstanding our rule about towns, for her to believe that she would never see another it would deserve to be more thoroughly described chamber but the grave; and indeed it becomes a than either our time or paper will allow us to do. matter of question, whether it might not have Its important and exposed situation compelled it, been better for her if she had then and there in the ancient troublesome times, to be fortified finished her chequered carcer. The roof of this both within and without. At the upper end of building is thatched, as were those of all the the town was a very strong castle, which now no houses in the town, and it is one of the few longer exists, and most of the larger houses in the thatched roofs that now remain. place were fortified in the style of Bastel houses, Jedburgh and its little vale are filled with and many traces yet remain to enable the learned gardens, which produce very superior fruit, espeantiquary to detect what it once was. Its old cially pears, which form a considerable article of name was Jedworth, corrupted into Jethart, and sale for the inhabitants. Its air of retirement is its inhabitants were always very warlike, wielding altogether most fascinating. It is quite a place a huge pole-axe called "the Jethart staff,” with to inspire a youthful poet, and we doubt not that which they drove down all before them, and the circumstance of Thomson having received his shouting their resistless war-cry “Jethart's here!” | earlier education here, which gave him an opporThey are supposed to have carried the fortune of tunity of wandering about amid Nature's scenes, the day at the affair of the Reidswire. Their bold- and filling his mind with her choicest pictures, ness was excessive ; and the story is well known animate as well as inanimate, may have largely of the Provost, who, in defiance of their powerful contributed to foster his future peculiar poetical neighbour, Kerr of Fernicherst, who espoused the turn. We have heard and read wonder expressed, cause of Mary against her son, seized on the that he could paint somany things of this kind with poursuivant who brought her letters, compelled so accurate a pencil, seeing that the obesity and him to eat them at the cross, and then scourged indolence of his more advanced life was so great, him, en derriere, with his bridle. Fernieherst that he never went out, and that, consequently, revenged this by hanging no less than ten of the he could never have witnessed the animated scenes he describes. But a lad at school and a man in | rid ourselves of before we proceed farther. But, advanced life are different beings; and no one in the first place, we must honestly premise that we, will persuade us that his angling, his bathing, and not this journal, are alone and individually rehis sheep-shearing, and other such pictures, were sponsible for the opinions we shall utter. In the not originally studies from nature, or scenes early second place, we must remark that we have had impressed upon his memory, which, when worked the good fortune to be acquainted with Mr. upon by a matured mind, produced those beauti-Cowan, the new member of Parliament for the ful passages in his “ Seasons” on these subjects, city, for above a dozen of years, and that we with which we are all so well acquainted. And, have always entertained the highest respect for again, the intellectual leisure of his lazy life in that gentleman and his opinions, having had London, when three-fourths of his time was spent the honour to fight with him in the same in bed, very easily explains the creation of those ranks in the great cause of reform ; and charming, dreamy pictures, of a different descrip- there is no man whose return to Parliament, tion, with which that delightful poem, the “Castle provided it had been freed from the consequences of Indolence,” everywhere abounds. That his concomitant on his present election, we should mind must have been filled with Scottish pictures have hailed with greater satisfaction. In the is sufficiently evident from the following beauti- third place, we must confess that, since the inful passage in his “Autumn ”;
tense occupation of official duties has precluded G" And here a while the Muse,
the possibility of our any longer occupying a High hovering o'er the broad cerulean scene,
place in the political arena, so very strange a Sees Caledonia in romantic view :
macadamization of parties has taken place, that Her airy mountains, from the waving main
any such Rip-van-winkle as ourselves would be Invested with a keen diffusive sky, Breathing the soul acute; her forests huge,
presumptuous in pretending to offer anything Incult, robust, and tall, by Nature's hand
like decided political opinions where so many Planted of old ; her azure lakes between
local causes of division may have arisen in the Poured out extensive, and of watery wealth
Scottish capital. Our remarks, therefore, have Full; winding deep, and green, her fertile vales ;
solely to do with the intellectual view of the quesWith many a cool, translucent, brimming flood, Washed lovely from the Tweed, (pure parent-stream,
tion; and we earnestly entreat that they may be Whose pastoral banks first heard my Doric reed, permitted to give pain or offence to no party or With sylvan Jed! thy tributary brook,)
individual whatsoever or whomsoever, seeing that, To where the north inflated tempest foams
on our part, they are in every respect most innoO'er Orca's or Betubium's highest peak!"
cently intended ; and we may safely say, that Immediately below Jedburgh, on the right bank they have nothing to do with Mr. Cowan's sucof the stream, is the property of Hartrigge, cess, but entirely refer to what we hold to be the lately purchased by our much-valued friend, Lord sad and irreparable loss of Mr. Macaulay. Has Campbell. The family which possessed it pre- not Edinburgh long rejoiced in the proud name vious to him had called it Stewartfield, and we of “Modern Athens,” which was willingly acmust say, that the practice of doing away with corded to her by every stranger, of whatsoever old names deserves nearly as much reprobation country, who was acquainted with her natural as the doing away with old places. Lord Camp- features, or the intellectual characteristics of her bell has very properly restored the ancient name, inhabitants? And how came this last cause to which so well associates itself with the ancient operate ? Not merely because for some generaCaledonian forest, of which it formed a part. tions she possessed a set of men of whom those This estate, which runs along the right bank of who were scientific gave impetus by their disthe river, is beautifully timbered in many parts, coveries to the whole sciences of Europe ; whilst especially in a charming retired glen to the east our poets and fiction writers were delighting of the house, called the Tower Glen, where some every part of the habitable earth with their proof the trees are very large. This is a delightful ductions ; and our critics were keeping both the retreat for a man to whom its possession is science and the literature of the whole world sweetened by the conviction that he owes it to his under wholesome subjection. We say that it own intellectual exertions; and whilst his rank was not merely from these causes that this most and his wealth are rendered all the more graceful honourable title came to be applied to our northand enjoyable by the conviction that they have ern capital, but because science and literature been the rewards of upright, straightforward con- were so generally diffused in her very streets, that duct, which always had the good of his country they were breathed, as it were, in her very air. honestly at heart, the few weeks of rural enjoy- They were the merchandise, so to speak, in which ment in which he indulges here have their happi- her inhabitants dealt; and they were daily purness increased by the circumstance that they sued, more or less, by every individual, of all follow months of laborious attention to our na- ranks, each being more anxious than another to tional affairs.
secure a due share of them before night. Then, And here the name of Lord Campbell, and its indeed, such a city, with such inhabitants, was connexion with Edinburgh, awakens in us well and fitly represented in Parliament, on gaintrain of thought on recent events, which we ing freedom of election, by such names as those earnestly entreat not only our gentle and cour- of Abercromby, Jeffrey, Campbell, and Macaulay, teous readers, but all our readers, gentle or un- from the choice of whom the very universality of gentle, courteous or uncourteous, to permit us to intellectual pursuit among the inhabitants seemed
of itself to be proved and established ! How can never existed, it was long one of the great strongwe, awaking from our period of slumber, and hold defences of Scotland, and many important ignorant of the various small reticulations and passages of Scottish history are connected with it. decussations which seem now to have meshed all It was often taken and retaken alternately by parties—how can we reason on the, to us, most the English and the Scots. The historical fact unaccountable apathy with which the citizens of of James II. laying siege to it in 1458, and, in Edinburgh have cast away, like a worthless his eagerness to recover it, superintending the weed, Macaulay-perhaps, at this moment, the operations in person, and losing his life by the noblest and most powerful intellect that our bursting of one of his ill-constructed cannon, country can boast of-except by supposing that requires no notice, except we may mention the intellectual merchandise of which we spoke that a thorn treo, in the Duke of Roxburghe's has been, for some time, so sunk in value as to be park at Fleurs, marks the spot where he died. no longer marketable, and that the brains of the We find it much more interesting to dwell upon citizens have been clouded and their vision the times which are recorded in the ancient dimmed by a dense Beotian fog, which has enve- chronicles, and we much prefer giving the acloped the intellectual city, obscuring the very count of the surprise of the castle and its recosummits of her rock-cradled towers, and hiding covery from the English by the Black Douglas. everything but the graceful snout of the tall uti- As we find this nowhere told so simply or so well litarian gas chimney, to add to the opacity by its as by Sir Walter Scott in his “ Tales of a Grandsmoke. We believe that, if Punch might at any father,” we shall quote this most romantic story time have the desire to be peculiarly severe on verbatim from that work. We must acknowledge Colonel Sibthorpe, he would, for the nonce, be that we do not consider these tales as the least stow upon him the name of Solon, or Lycurgus; meritorious of the great author's works ; and we and thus, we fear, have the citizens of Edinburgh, confess that, knowing as we did both the parties, by their late rejection of Macaulay, wilfully con- now no more, we have recently been deeply afverted that proud title of the “ Modern Athens" fected by a reperusal of the “Dedication to Hugh into an appellation of reproach, so cruel, that, Littlejohn, Esq.,” which, conceived at the time in “Nemo me impune lacesset,” let all strangers be- a tone of grave humour, has now received a melanware how they may use it in future, lest, by so choly pathos from the sad concatenation of events doing, they may compromise their personal safety. which have occurred since 1828, when it was
On the opposite side of the Jed, above a beau- written :tiful wooded bank that rises over the haughs be
“ You must know Roxburghe was then a very large low, is the charming retreat of Bonjedward. We castle, situated near where two fine rivers, tho Tweed regret that we cannot trace the origin of this and the Teviot, join each other. Being within five or six ancient name.
It is now the property of the miles of England, the English were extremely desirous of Hon. John Talbot. As we proceed downwards, retaining it, and the Scots equally eager to obtain posthe stream, as it approaches the Teviot, becomes session of it. I will tell you how it was taken. more placid, making its way gently through " It was upon the night of what is called Shrovetide, rich arable fields, bordered here and there with and solemnised with much gaiety and feasting. Most of
a holiday which Roman Catholics paid great respect to, trees, and joining the Teviot opposite to Mount the garrison of Roxburghe Castle were drinking and caTeviot.
rousing, but still they had set watches on the battlements A very interesting relic of antiquity appears of the castle, in case of any sudden attack ; for, as the on Lord Campbell's eastern march, in the old Scots had succeeded in so many enterprises of the kind, Roman road, which here traverses the country. they conceived themselves obliged to keep a very strict
and as Douglas was known to be in the neighbourhood, Here the artist might be, at all times, sure of
guard. studies of picturesque groups of figures, from the
** An English woman, the wife of one of the officers, vacant spaces at the sides of it being much fre
was sitting on the battlements with her child in her arms, quented by the gipsies, who are seldom molested and looking out on the fields below, she saw some black for encamping here. Farther to the eastward objects, like a herd of cattle, straggling near the foot of are the woods and place of Crailing House, si- the wall
, and approaching the ditch or moat of the castle. tuated on the Oxnam water, which, running
She pointed them out to the sentinel, and asked him what
they were. Pooh, pooh !' said the soldier, “it is farmer through the haughs of Crailing, joins the Teviot such-a-one's cattle' (naming a man whose farm lay near at some distance below the kirk. On the oppo- to the castle); "the goodman is keeping a jolly Shrovesite or left bank of the Teviot is the village of tide, and has forgot to shut up his bullocks in their Nisbet.
yard; but if the Douglas come across them before The Kale water, already mentioned by us, creeping objects which they saw from the castle wall
morning, he is likely to rue his negligence. Now these joins the Teviot at some distance below Eckford. were no real cattle, but Douglas himself and his soldiers, This river, after leaving the hills, waters, and who had put black cloaks above their armour, and were sometimes overflows, a great part of a spacious creeping about on hands and feet, in order, without being and valuable plain of 1200 acres. Below this
observed, to get so near to the foot of the castle wall as
to be able to set ladders to it. The poor woman, who there is little to occupy us till we reach the ancient knew nothing of this, sat quietly on the wall, and began site of Roxburghe Castle, where a wooded knoll to sing to her child. You must know that the name of and some fragments of ruin are all that mark Douglas had become so terrible to the English that the that it ever existed. This is, indeed, a point on them, when they behaved ill, that they would make the
women used to frighten their children with it, and say to which much might be said ; and, although it may Black Douglas take them.” And this soldier's wife was now be said to be gone as effectually as if it had singing to her child,
“ Hush ye, hush ye, little pet ye,
Again we return to Kelso and its lovely envi.
rons, to which much beauty is contributed by the " You are not so sure of that,' said a voice close beside woods of the fine place of Springwood Park, her. She felt at the same time a heavy hand, with an iron where the Teviot joins the Tweed ; and we shall glove, laid on her shoulder, and when she looked round, finish this part of our subject by those beautiful she saw the very Black Douglas she had been singing lines from Teviot's own poet, Leyden, in his about standing close beside her, a tall, swarthy, strong “ Scenes of Infancy":
At the same time, another Scotsman was seen ascending the walls, near to the sentinel. The “ Bosomed in woods where mighty rivers run, soldier gave the alarm, and rushed at the Scotsman,
Kelso's fair vale expands before the sun ; whose name was Simon Ledehouse, with his lance ; but Simon parricd the stroke, and, closing with the sentinel,
Its rising downs in vernal beauty swell, struck him a deadly blow with his dagger, The rest of And, fringed with hazel, winds each flowery dell; the Scots followed up to assist Douglas and Ledehouse, Green spangled plains to dimpling lawns succeed, and the castle was taken. Many of the soldiers were put to death, but Douglas protected the woman and the
And Tempe rises on the banks of Tweed. child. I dare say sho mado no more songs about the
Bluo o'er the river Kelso's shadow lies, Black Douglas."
And copse-clad isles amid the waters risc,”
FÜRSTENRU II E.
BY JOHN WILMER,
As the hurricane, even whilst it blights and blasts, exhibiting those private virtues that command respect at the same time purifies, so Napoleon passed over Ger- whenever and wherever they are met with ; but this was many, mowing down antiquated prejudices and forms in a piece of good taste which the eighteenth century too which whole nations seemed petrifying, like so many fos- seldom exhibits in its annals. It is to a small court of sil remains of ancient days. Thus the merging of so this kind I would introduce my readers ; and, though many small principalities into large monarchies pre- not historical as to names or dates, or, perhaps, even abpared the way for a happy, though, as yet, only a par- solute facts, this tale will be found as faithful a delineatial change, which time, however, will surely complete. tion of the objects intended to be brought before his For if we cannot in candour but admit that the manifold view as if none of these were wanting. It is, therefore, resident towns of these petty sovereigns caused civiliza- a matter of no moment whether we call the high and tion to glitter and break, as it were, into more points mighty lord we are about to mention, Gaugraf, Landand surfaces, and thus to irradiate a larger space—the graf, Wildgraf, Raugraf, Pfalzgraf, Markgraf, or Burg. undeniable advantage of the system-—the distractions graf, or by any other title ; be it suflicient to say, that, which these divisions and subdivisions caused weakened though not of the highest, he certainly did not rank the whole body of the empire, and laid it ever open to among the least of the sovereigns subject to the empire; foreign invasion—as was made but too evident in the so we will at once style him Duke, and pass to the deeasy victories the French obtained on their first cam- scription of himself and his belongings. paign in Germany; and the disadvantages resulting Of his possessions, if size alone be considered, there from the system were no less evident in the maladminis. would, indeed, he but little to say ; but, though not tration of the laws and finances of those several petty large, they contained a world of traditional and historical states, and the utter want of public security, both in the associations that made the grey towers and ruins-that, highways and byeways of life. When very small lords time-hallowed, loomed through the waving forests which had very large fortresses, but very few men to man them crowned the heights-a fund for the recorder of past -haud very great need of money, and very small means lore, and an object of deep interest to the romantic or of procuring any energetic measures of any kind were artistic mind. True, the deep, tangled woods, that scarce to be expected of them ; and it is but fair to the glowed in such bright and varied tints under the cheerGermans to state, that many strong places, like Hohen-ing autumnal sun, were rendered perilous to the poor aspern in Wirtimberg, and Konigstein, now in the duchy pedestrian by hordes of vagrants, of every denomination of Nassau, then belonging to the electorate of Mayence, and description, who infested the country, and met with were garrisoned but by a handful of invalids when seized no check adequate to their numbers and daring. The upon by Vendammo and Custines, who spent more solitary wanderer was bold indeed who should have yenpowder in blowing up these strongholds than in tuk-tured to climb the summits of the verdant hills, whence ing them.
may have longed to gaze on the blue ocean of disThese courts, or semblances of courts, according to tance. The felon knight was, indeed, departed, but the the virtues or vices, wisdom, or folly, or humour, of vagabond still infested the crumbling walls of the ruined their several shalows of potentates, thus often presented castle, as ready to spring thence on his prey as ever the not incurious spectacle of a model or a satire ; more were their first possessors. Germany, then, especially in frequently that of a parody of the thing they aimed at re- these small, weak states, presented strange and startling presenting ; at any rate, the pride and pomp, sometimes contrasts. Dark, frowning fortresses, enclosed some even the vices of the mighty princes whom they aped, choice spirits the poet, the thinker, and the soldierwhen transferred within such narrow limits, mostly took who expiated behind bolt and bar some trifling offence, a tinge of the ludicrous, which lesser princes could only often the mere victims of caprice or of a court inhave avoided by adopting a simple mode of life, and by I trigue ; whilst the gipsy and the robber were doing and