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ful and piquant vein, give relief to the monotony of the "Well, rood daughter, pray continue;

Candour doth repentanco prove, complimentary rerses which Mrs. Norton has fancied her

llow did Don Pedro win you self obliged to append to each aristocratic portrait, and

First to listen to his love?'' to other verses of no particular point or interest, which are “Father, yes!-as I was saying, attached to the scenic plates. Mrs. Norton has found

I was prudent and reserved, other allies among the rhyming "nobility and gentry ;''

All his flattering vows repaying

With the scorn they well deserved ; but upon the whole, in future years, as the Drawing-Room

"Sir,' I said, “and I was going Scrap-Book has hitherto been something better than a

To say something still more strongmere aristocratic " Book of Beauty,” it might be well that, By my distant manner showing besides being less lavish of compliment, the editress drew

That I thought him-really-wrong!'

When at this important minute, more upon her own resources. She has given too much

Looking toward the chamber door, way to obliging friends ; though Lord John Manners and Who should put her head within itMr. Monckton Milnes be among the number.

(So urdlucky-such a bore !)The bright star of this year is, however, Lady Dufferin;

But my Cousin Natalita,

With her hair all out of curl ! and from her, in the first place, we cull our serious, as we I confess I would have beat herpropose doing our gayer specimen. The engraving, a sweet,

Horrid, flirting, odious girl! quiet picture, to which the subjoined lines are attached,

'Twas the greatest inconvenience, represents a sad, pale girl, THE GERMAN TEACHER, in her

For, of course, Don Pedro caught,

From my involuntary lenience , solitary chamber, with her simple appliances, her work

More assurance than he ought. bag and her basket of faded flowers and books,-an exile Well ! next day, (a great bull-baiting musing on her distant home, and as a charm holding in

Was arranged the day before)

Natalita kept us waiting her hand the first letter from that dearest spot of earth.

Full two hours, I'm sure, and more. "The long day's done, and she sits still

Nothing could be more annoying ;
And quiet, in the gathering gloom;

Really now I wished for wings,
What are the images that fill

Pedro all that time employing
Those absent eyes—that silent room?

Saying fifty foolish things.
Soft winds the latticed casement stir;

The hard green rosebuds tap the pane Like merry playmates, beckoning her

Had you seen that girl's flirtation,

"Twould have filled you with disgust, To join them at their sports again;

Such vile ogling and coquetting
And from the hill a pleasant chime

Staring in Don Pedro's face ;
Of bells comes down upon the ear,

All propriety forgetting
That seems to sing, “ The erening time
Is passing sweet! come forth! come here!"

Due to every public place !
But she sits still, and heedeth not
The sweet bell, nor the fading light;

If, since that time, Holy Father,
Time, space, earth, heaven, are all forgot

My forbearance has been more, — la one dear dream of past delight,

If his visits have been rather
Oh, letter! old, and crushed, and worn;

Longer than they were before,-
Yet fresh in those love-blinded eyes,

Why, indeed, it is for this chief
As on that first delightful morn

Reason-as all Seville knows,-
That gave thee to her patient sighs;

Just to keep him out of mischief,”
How hoped for-dreamed of—dear thou art!

(Here the Father rubbed his nose.) What earnest of like joys to come!

• Not much more than half a dozen How treasured near her simple heart,

Visits has he paid this week ;
That first fond letter from her Home!

But, of course, iny charming cousin
Poor child! so early cam'st thou fortlı,

To a dozen more could speak.'
Like Ruth, to glean in alien fields?
Cold welcome greets thee on this earth,

Back again, in time for dinner,
And poor the harvest that it yields!

In her chair fair Inez goes;
Thy thoughts-lone, wandering where they list,

At each vile pedestrian sinner
Still seek that village on the Rhine,

Turning up her ivory nose ;
Where thou art longed for, loved, and missed,

Comforted beyond expression,
With yearnings as intense as thine: -

(See what peace such candour wins :) No wonder that thy young heart burns,

By her full and true confession
And, with such aching sense of love,

Of all-Natalita's sins !
To that dear sheltering ark returns,
Which sent thee forth-poor wandering Dove.” The Donna Inez is not singular in her uses of confes-

sion. Protestant self-examination may, we fear, not inAmong the gayer effusions of Lady Dufferin are verses frequently produce precisely the same results. on a plate, entitled The Confession, where a coquettish

The Scrap-book is rich in portraiture ; and among the Donna is revealing her peccadilloes to a priest who is many whom Mrs. Norton has praised for their deeds or hardly of the proper canonical age for so pretty a peni- their faces, are Mr. Cobden and Mr. Charles Villiers tent—though no harm comes of it.

The characters of these gentlemen are treated in a liberal "Doxxa Inez CONSUELO,

and manly spirit, showing that, when a good subject falls DE ASCUNHA Y Belvor,' Kneeleth by the patient Friar,

in her way, the authoress is equal to it-rises with it to Saying her “Confiteor."

her natural element. Greatly puzzled is the Father,

The frontispiece this year is a classical portrait of Mrs.
At the truth he can but guess

Norton, exquisitely engraved; the vignette a group of
Donna Inez being rather
Apt to wander and digress.

flowers, executed with equal taste and delicacy. On the whole, we have this season seen no annual that will bear

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comparison with Mrs. Norton's. The brightest days of But in this Album, the musio is all; the poetry, as above the Drawing Room Scrap-Book are restored.

hinted, and as is too often the case in the nlliance of Among the lesser Annuals—in size wę mean- -that music with versor-comes worst off i We are somewhat still linger on the stage, is the elder-born of the large but alarmed as to how old-fashioned country ladies when the short-lived family–Ackermann's Forget-Me-Not ; for so Musical Albrem-comes down, are to view the scanty many years edited by Mr. Frederic Shoberl; who, this drapery and the few superfluous inches of Mademoiselle season, has mustered a nnmerous staff of poets and pro- Flora Fabri's legs ! I A coloured full-length portrait of

Some of the names aro new ; others favourite and this celebrated danseuse, in the popular pod of, La familiar; though in the passing year they may have pro- Castigliona, forms ono of the prettiest embellishments duced nothing remarkable. One capital story is the pru- of the volume ; or, at all events, one of the most characdent and persevering "Wooing of Mynheer Von Dunck," teristie. Two other coloured platos represent, que a written by T. Forbes Dalton, Esq. The "Forget-Me-concert of Jullien's, in Covent Garden Theatre, and the Not” has an average number of tolerable plates, and the other a masked ball, both exhibit scenes of splendour usual sprinkliug-or one rather more copious-of verse. and enchantment that recal those of the Arabian Nights.

Tags Jullien's Musical Album for 1847.

Among the other books of the season, we can merely This is a new and good idea A Musical Album ; a good catalogue The Minstrelsy of the English Border, an excollection of popular songs and dances supplies a want. cellent collection of ancient and modern Ballads, with The music, vocal and instrumental, is by foreign composers, notes by Frederick Sheldon, just published by the Messrs, with the exception of one or two English musicians. Longman ; ' a pretty and good Nursery Annual, published Some of the instrumental pieces are the compositions of the by Darton & Clarke, with coloured plates ; and January editor, who has, altogether, made of the work a brilliant and Eve, a talo, in the manner of Dickens's Christmas Chimes popular melange. The words are by the most popular con- and Carols, by George Soane, B.A., and published by temporary song-writers; and the embellishments gorgeous, Churton - or, if not like the Chimos, then very like Mrs. though not always in the purest taste. The Album is likely Gore's New-Year Stories of 1848 and 1847, and no disto be fully as popular as it deserves. It contains something credit to the previous literary reputation of its author. not merely to look at and then lay aside, but that may

rigt op,

men det every day and night in the coming year, and in future

NEW POEMS AND DRAMAS. years, contribute to the harmless enjoyments of the social circle. We are compelled to say that the music surpasses Faust; a. Tragedy. Translated from the German of the poetry; yet the words, always pretty, if not over-run Goethe. By Captain Knox, Author of "Day Dreams, with meaning, have, in general, the merit of being adapted &c., &c. London: Ollivier. to the sentiment and rythm of the music.

* ANOTHER, and another follows after." The translaTwo specimens may suffice:

tors of “Faust” are, indeed, like the lineage of Bangpo.

Captain Knox assures his readers that he has spared no THE CASTLE AND THE COTTAGE, BY E. FITZBALL.

pains to make his translation the best of all possible trane On yon mountain frowns a castle, Wreathed with gold its portals shine:

slations; and thus far we must take his word, and spare In yon valley smiles a cottage

un-Germanic readers the trouble of collation; while we Roses sweet its porch entwine.

intimate to young enthusiastic Anglo-Germans, that theme Wealth and pride dwell in those turrets; is existing another bold attempt, and a challenge of their Humble hearts the cottage rove:


Strife and hate are in the castle;
In the cottage peace and love.

King Charles the First : a Dramatic Poem. By Archer

Gurney. London; Pickering.
Silken floors adorn the castle,
Banners deck its topmost tower;

From the date of Sir Walter Scott's ancestor or kins-
Sand like snow bestrews the cottage,

man, who refused to share his beard till “ the king enIn its lattice many a flower.

joyed his own again;' there has been no such loyalist as

Mr. Archer Gurney ; the especial object of his unquali, Enough of this, as what follows is better ; the lines are fied devotion being " the holy martyr king," Charles I. by J. Hurrey:

It is to the memory of the Churches' royal martyr,” Though time is wrinkling o'er thy brow,

that he dedicates his drama; the object of which is to deThy hair is turning grey,

velope and illustrate " the glorious life and death” of the And the rose that blossomed on thy cheek Is fading fast away;

said "holy martyr." It would be folly to quarrel with any Thou'rt more beloved than when I came

man about his hobby, especially when there is no likelihood A-courting first to thee ;

of its riding down even a little child, or an old woman.And every moment makes thec now

The poem was written in the autumn of 1845, before
Still dearer unto me
Still dearer unto me.

Richmond, a Bentinck, Stafford O'Brien, D'Israeli,”

and many others, Jews and Gentiles, had “ redeemed the I loved thee in thy girlhood's days, I loved thee in thy prime;

supporters of the church and state from the charge of And though thy outward charms may fado

lethargy; and evinced talents and courage worthy of their Beneath the touch of time,

exalted cause." Things look brighter now than in 1845 ; I'll love thee even more and more,

and if the poem were yet to be written, it might be composed Until my latest breath;

with better heart. “Let us look now for the dawn of a And then I hope to love thee still, Beyond the vale of death!

brighter day," quoth Mr. Garney--surely a Gurney this Beyond the vale of death :

who knows not Joseph ?" the modern St. John (alias Sir

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Robert Peeri has fullen with his party. But notwith:-; an evil before the world, which, to bo offeetually redressed, 'standing his fall, a violent assault may be expeotod upon the must, however, be dealt with by the Hindoos themselves. church, if not from him, from his successors in office. Let

Christmas Rhymes; or, Tliree Nights Reveliy. Belthem come on! Mr. Guinoy defies them. The church is, We should imagine, very needlessy alarmed, if it fears de

fast : Lamont, Brothers. London : Whittaker & Co. struction from the Whigs. " Mr. Gurney finds a close

BELFAST ALYANACS” have been very well known, from resemblance between tho times of The Troubles" and our the farthest date of the memory of the oldest inhabitant own. If there were then a Hampdon and Pym, there are

in these countries ; but Belfast Annuals are novelties ; how-or but a year ago there weroma Bright and a Cobden; and, yet, these Christmas Rhymes have all the character204 if there was then a Cromwell in England, there is now istics of the Annuals. The poetry and the illustrations an O'Connell in Ireland; as there is *** a river in Macedon,

are by two sisters; and the style in which the engravings and a river in Monmouth, and salmon in both!! _But no are executed, and the work brought out, is усrу

creditablo parallel can be found for the 'arch-traitor Sir Robert to Irish art-which, we suppose, will, by and bye, meet Peel -St. John, “double-dyed traitor' as he was, being its best encouragement in the manufacturing capital of but a faint type of the incomparably blacker Sir Robert. the North. If our pages were not already overcrowded Mr. Gurney explains that he has painted Hampden in the with similar matter, we could find many grave or gay

but darkest colours, because he believes--and he must surely pleasant quotations from this Three Nights' Rerelry, and hare some revelation on the subject that this vaunted our Irish friends cannot import a better article in its way patriot and remarkable man was " more supremo for vile than this beautiful work. After all the speeches in tho and infamous cunning, veiled under the mask of excessive South, on the encouragement of home manufacture, tho banesty and single-mindedness, than any of his factious Northern plan of quietly doing the work is the wisest; and

mporaries." From these sentimonts the character amongst the ornate volumes of the season, we have seen of the drama may be divined.- Mr. Gurney belongs to none, of the same class, handsomer than the Christmas Young England, but to the highest-flying section of that Rhymes. beds, if, indeed, any of its membersarecapable of soaring so Silent Love. By the late James Wilson of Paisley, loftily--if his flight be not as solitary as it is grand. But he

Glasgow : James M‘Leod. wishes his work to be regarded as a true poem, besides being

A fourth and cheap edition of a Poem which has been a political and religious manifesto; and he trusts that it may help to rouse England from her lethargy, and lead to previously and favourably noticed.' It is very prettily the enthronement in her heart of her murdered patriot-king.

got up.” Alts!"living dog is better than a dead lion," and we The Three Wives. By John Reid Miles. Liverpool : sadly fear for the accomplishment of Mr. Gurney's loyal

Edward Howell & Co. and patriotic desires. Yet it does one good, now and then, Threo narratives, in which the author inculcates the to meet with an honest enthusiast like him, whatever bo

necessity of religious principle as the only sufficient check the prevailing crochet.

to the temptations common in life, and incidentally makes The Suttee: a Poem, with Notes. London: Seely, a variety of valuable remarks on many important topics. Buroside, & Seely.

Although a Liverpool book, two of these family histories It need not be told that this is an appeal for the women are Scotch, and refer directly to manners and customs of India to the human and Christian feelings of Euro- prevalent in Edinburgh and Glasgow. The style is difpeans. It is fairly written; and will at least help to keep fuse, but the tendency of the work is excellent.

POLITICS OF THE MONTH. Tag e coming session" will be the last, and, probably, , consents to follow Lord Worsley. The electors of Renthe sortest, of the present Parliament. Tlie questions frewshire accepted the rejected candidate of 1841, because that tow attract pablic attention are not of a nature calcu. no preparations had been made for a county contest. In lated to feed long discussions, or to produce party votes. some boroughs, under peculiar circumstances, the usual preThe Ministry will endeavour to avoid dangerous subjects; parations for election contests have been made as in and, when spy measure of additional political or commer- Manchester, where a most disgraceful coalition of Whigs cial reform is pressed, they will retreat on the potato dis. and Conservatives is formed, to oppose the election of Mr. ense and general distress, that they may dissolve in peace. Bright; but the aspect of political affairs would fully justify They will shape their proceedings in such form as will the inference, either that Parliament had done all its work, enable them to carry through a general election before or that the electors expected nothing more from legislative harvest, if seed-time and summer do not promise improve agency, except the repeal or imposition of taxes, as circumments on the “ yield” of the last two seasons. A strong stances might require. Ministry would prefer to meet a dissolution rather at à

This blank in political agitation affords to a weak Caperiod of hope than of depression; and the Whigs, in a binet an admirable opportunity of slipping into a majority minority, will have sufficient prudence to adopt that course. for seven years. The influence of office is always worth They have little to hope from future registrations, but a number of votes in the small constituencies. We have adore to fear from political accidents and the re-organization heard of elections turned by a few “excisemanships" of their old opponents. The constituencies, generally, promptly administered; and even the wish to go with the have made no preparations for the next election. Wherever stronger party--& very common feeling—when there is casual vacancies have occurred, there has been difficulty no counteracting influence will answer a useful purpose experienced in proeuring suitable candidates. The electors to the Government candidate, who may become very of Lincolnshire, after long casting about, have found a popular by merely saying a few smart things regarding respectable Whig baronet, who “ with great reluctance" | public wash-houses for the poor-public parks, improved



ventilation, renovated and patent sewerage, cheap malt in and the ignorant majority over the enlightened minority in counties, and cheap tea in boroughsmall good in their way, many parishes and even extensive districts. and to be bestowed at a convenient season.

To either of these schemes Sir Robert Inglis will, of We cannot regret this sleep or death of political parti- course, apply the term “Atheistical;” and he will be supzanship. The country has never gained by the triumphs ported by a considerable and increasing party, who brand of party. No great object has ever been achieved for the any educational system as “Atheistical" that does not hand people, except when they reversed the common rule, and, over the training of the young, without note or comment, instead of being the tools of factions, converted some party to the Church. That epithet was applied to the National for å time and a purpose into their instrument. We do System of Education in Ireland, by parties who deemed it not urge the revival of old and useless party feuds; but if unnecessary to read its books before they characterised the electors believe that the political complexion of the their tendency; and now those school-books, provided for next Parliament is a matter of slight importance, they have the poorest children in Ireland, bave been adopted in the fallen into a serious blunder, of which they may have seven highest academy of one of our Scottish cities, in which, years' leisure to repent.

some few years since, public meetings convened to pass We certainly dislike the recent conduct of the Whigs in resolutions condemnatory of the system. We do not know several localities. In Edinburgh, they try to hush public any set of works connected with education better calculated feeling with a new song to them of “no shibboletb;" and to interest and instruct the young than these Irish school in Manchester, they raise the "shibboleth" of aristocracy. | books, which, we understand, were principally written by The cotton-spinners of that great town consider a Rochdale a Presbyterian minister of Ireland, a native of Paisley, who, spinner below their mark; and will only be satisfied with with missionary zeal, abandoned all the attractions of the one of Mr. Bright's noble disciples. They prefer the metropolis, to dwell with and instruct a few humble vilscholar to the teacher; and, affecting a certain cant of lagers in one of the western counties of Munster. gentility, exclaim against the use of violent language. In The Government cannot adopt any practical scheme that many circumstances, strong language may be necessary; will not be stigmatised as “ Atheistical,” by the old Churchand before the Earl of Lincoln's conversion to the doctrines and State party of England; and, although the members of of free-trade, we do not remember to have heard any com- the Cabinet may be personally disposed to adopt measures plaints of Mr. Bright's language in Manchester. He is an creditable to their character and useful to their country, honest and enthusiastic man, who has given their proper still, the official love of ease, and the disposition already names to many abuses; but he should not be, on that ac- manifested by the Premier, should induce all liberal-minded count, less acceptable to a commercial constituency. He men to watch well any general measures of instruction. will be selected; but this opposition, like many former pro- They cannot watch measures well, except through their ceedings, manifests the hankering of the leading Whigs, representatives in Parliament; and they should prepare even in some manufacturing towns, after aristocratical con- for the next general election with all the anxiety of men nexions.

who are to appoint“ the Educational Parliament," and to In Edinburgh, the electors will be urged to give the affect, through its decisions, the eharacters and the prinWhig Cabinet a fair trial: in Manchester, they are told not ciples of the next generation. to give them any description of trial, but to elect a moderate Ireland will occupy its own place-and, of course, the Conservative. And, yet, this seeming inconsistency may largest place—in the deliberations of the session. But its form part of a system-for now that rough work is thought most delicate questions will be handed over for settlement to be over for a season, it may square best with official to the next parliament: The trying position of that country, propriety to leave political matters in genteel and regularly and the large expenditure of public money requisite to supbred hands. The intrusion of “impracticable" men into port its population until harvest, have induced us to give Parliament may not be desirable, when jobs, to be done at up a considerable portion of this number to Irish subjects. all, must be accomplished in a neat and masterly style. The Labour Act of last session has proved to be an absolute There is material for a large amount of work in that way. failure. The Board of Works, or the authorities of Dublin We have only to catalogue a few of those topics that may Castle, have been compelled to supplement it by interim be dismissed with a brief discussion in the present Parlia- decrees of their own. And now the subsoiling of the public ment, and settled by the next, in order to reach that con- roads is to be abandoned for the thorough draining of viction.

fields, after two hundred thousand men have been engaged EDUCATION is the favourite subject of the day: and re- for six weeks in rendering the highways impassable. The membering the zealous support afforded by the Premier to number of men engaged on publie works under Governthe Church Educational Scheme, we cannot expect the ment is at present three hundred thousand. In many English Dissenters to confide in his measures for the cases we have no doubt that two or more of the labourers extension of instruction. Government may establish, as in belong to one family, and therefore the number of indivi. Ireland, a system of secular education unconnected with duals dependent on Government assistance, through these any religious communion, but co-operating with all who works, cannot be more than from 1,000,000 to 1,200,000, avail themselves of its advantages. They may adopt an or one-eighth of the population. In Belgiuin-from a easier method of settling the question, or satisfying “ the similar cause, the failure of the crop-the names of indipublic conscience,” by increasing grants for educational gent persons inscribed on the books of benevolent societies purposes already voted to societies and religious bodies. number from 700,000 to 800,000, or very nearly one-fifth of Or they may leave education to local efforts, providing only the inhabitants, while out of the population of the two the means of elementary instruction for districts where Flanders, 1,300,000, there are said to be 400,000 indivivoluntary exertions fail to overtake the wants of the popu- duals subsisting on charity. In Ireland a large number of lation. And they might take advice, repeatedly tendered, aged and young and disabled persons are supported in by organising a scheme of municipal and parochial instruc-workhouses, and a very considerable number in Ulster are tion under the management of the resident rate-payers. employed on works undertaken by local parties, without Amongst the objections to the latter scheme, which has Government aid. This class of works are remunerative many recommendations, are its want of uniformity and the —will amply repay their cost; and should have been certainty of local oppression--the tyranny of the bigotted commenced and finished before this period. These fuets

show that the condition of Ireland is not worse than that dividing by 50, there will be 40,000 farms, employing and of Belgium; although that country has repealed its union sustaining directly 12 to 13 persons each in a state of and obtained a separate existence, in its position, we can

greater comfort than the Irish farmers of the present day, scarcely say independence. The introduction of manufac- or a population of 500,000, who would require in providing tires more extensively into Ireland would undoubtedly for their wants a similar number, so that the project would improve the circumstances of its people ; but, severe as is make space for another million; and add £8,000,000 to their distress, yet it is equalled by that of the Belgiaus; £10,000,000 annually to the produce of the country out of and Belgium is a manufacturing country, with more ex- nothing better at present than bogs and moorland, tensive and important works than those of any other con- These subjects may be lightly touched in the coming tinental kingdom of similar extent. An argument in session, but must be finally settled by the next parliament; favour of the union might be educed from this circum- and there is another, of perhaps greater interest, in which stance; for if the manufacturing energies of Belgium bad the Whigs have manifested a disposition to interfere. We still been connected with the commercial skill and mone- are to have no more appropriation clauses. They served tary resources of Holland, we doubt whether its population their day, and are thrown into the lumber-room of legislawould have experienced all the force of their present and tion, to come up again, probably when neither expected deplorable sufferings.

nor desired by the owners. Still the existence of an eccleFrom the statements made respecting Ireland, in a pre-siastical grievance—we do not now use hard words and vious page, by a gentleman who undoubtedly possesses the violent language-in Ireland is admitted; and is to be confidence of a great majority of his countrymen, we

cured, not by appropriation, but addition. One evil is to infer that the public money advanced at this crisis will not be balanced by calling another into existence; and, from be ebeerfully repaid; and we understand why a claim may the two, a very happy and peaceful state of society is to be be made for a free grant of that portion of the debt ex- extracted, by a description of political chemistry wbich we

pended on unproductive works; but the Board of Works affect not to comprehend. The cost of this remedy will fall | now authorise presentments for drainage and subsoiling on the general treasury, unless, at the ensuing election, a

for remunerative works, that certainly increase the capital large number of independent representatives are returned, of the country and the rental of private individuals ; so willing to give the Whigs & fuir trial, but to give them that, even if the debt contracted in the formation of these nothing more. Forks were cancelled, we should not thereby relieve, by a THE LANDED INTEREST has its grievances, and they penny, the Irish farmer or the Irish peasant, but merely require redress. The Game Laws, which, in November make the Irish landlord a richer man.

and December last, consigned considerably over a hundred Parliament wonld not, even by a generous abandonment persons to prison, and made ten times that number “unof this debt, indirectly assist the Irish peasant or artizan; caught criminals,” are one of the greatest grievances under for the landowners, who are principally absentees, would which the Landed Interest suffers--and suffers with remerely be enabled to spend their money more freely in markable patience. The old feudal fragments—the law of London, in Paris, or Rome. And these works will in- entail and primogeniture-still bind up the land in large crease the capital of the country, Mr. Smith of Deanston, parcels, and allow one Duke to close half a dozen straths Professor Johustone, aud the whole Highland Society in a against any tenantry except deer; at a period when body, would make affi lavit on the point. Old Mr. Purcell, thousands of families in the Highlands bave neither f he had been alive, would have quoted statistics in proof, labour to earn wages nor food to support life. The Mr. Marcartney of Lisenore, in addressing the landed landed interest has been most unfairly dealt with by the geolemen of County Antrim, produced evidence that sa- legislature. Free-trade has been established, or very nearly tisfied thera, to show the means of paying five per cent. on established, in its products, while the land itself is left to the ontlay for draining, and repaying the principal in seven struggle, unaided, with a crushing monopoly. Free trade Fears. The gentlemen of the South have the same means in the earth is as necessary for the prosperity of the landed of turning this crisis to account with their neighbours of interest as free trade in the earth's products. A builder the North. And if Parliament should yield the demand never proposes to entail a street, or square, or circus in his for a free grant of this money, it would deal unjustly by heirs male for ever, and yet the raw material of streets--the people of Britain, without assisting the farmers of Ire- the free-stone quarries-may be chained to a regular sueland, for no better end than the enriching of Ireland's ab- cession. Any other property except land is held liable for sentees. The money squandered foolishly in spoiling its owner's debts; but landed gentlemen, by the will mads is not productive, and a different rule may be and deed of some person who lived and died in the fouradopted in dealing with that part of the account.

teenth century, are often degraded from the position of We admit the claim of Ireland to exemption from the owners to that of occupants for life. Permission to do what tares necessary to meet that portion of the national debt he likes with his own during his temporal existence should contracted previous to the union. That is merely com- satisfy the most ambitious mortal; but one portion of our mon bonesty between partners, but the exemption is not ancestors, discontented with this privilege, intruded their pradently made. It does not relieve the poor, but the rich. opinions and their will on posterity, as they “phrased” it, Ireland may be a poor country, but an Irishman with one to the end of time. In these circumstances, the best thing thousand pounds per annum is not a poor man, and might that posterity can do is to eject the intruders, and enclose pay assessed taxes or even the income-tax. If these their deeds in their tombs. The injury sustained already Exemptions induced the Irish landlords to remain at home, by all public interests from the operation of those laws they would be indirectly beneficial to their country; but as, that fetter the landed interest is incalculable; but the in proportion to their exemptions, they go farther away, electors must hold themselves responsible if they continue it might be politic not to increase the taxation of that to suffer this public loss; and yet free trade in land will country, but to transfer from the rich and give to the poor not be wrought out by a Parliament consisting of the whatever balance can be established in its favour. "two parties” who have hitherto existed by trading in

We do not estimate lightly the improvement of waste, but power, and being alternately shuffled in and out of place. useful land. There are said to be nearly four million

OUR CURRENCY has been lately—like the British constituseres in that position. We shall put down 2,000,000, and tion in Lord Eldon's times the subject of envy to sur

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