Puslapio vaizdai



principles that would do honour to the most cultivato! progress which education was making, and, we trust,

I have eleven children, ladies ; six younger makes still, amongst that people. than the scrawl that has so provoked me, and she has not “At last the town of Youghal, with her noble bridge, done a hap'orth for me to-day. She has been on the

met the eye. The drawbridge was raised for the steamer streot since six o'clock. Laziness! laziness! ladies!

to pass, and we saw the houses extended along the seaShouldn't she be bate? And when I got her in, and shore, on the vicinity of a hill, commanding a noble progave her a slap, she gave me impudenco, and went into spect of the sea. The busy population in pursuit of gain that room, and fastened the door on me; and she would by their bartering and bantering, told us that self here not ask my forgiv'ness, ladies; and she would not ask

was no important item, though not a beggar put out her God's pardon. I wish I could hate her, and not get into hand, invoking the blessing of the Virgin' for your a passion.' You must tell her priest,' said one of the

penny. A ferry-voat put me safely on the other side, young ladies.

· And that I will; he'll hear of this.' leaving me a three miles' walk, partly upon the beach, • But she's been petted at school, and it won't do to pet but mostly inland, and thus giving an opportunity of seesuch scrawls; ani before she will be idic and filthy, I'lling a peasantry who speak English only when compelled kill her. She'd better be dead! than lazy and dirty. I by necessity. Making inquiry from cabin to cabin, not sent to Dublin and got a piece of calico, and made them

ono bawled out, 'go along to such a place, and inquire ;' all dacent. I saved a piece to mend 'em with, and you but each one left her work, sometimes accompanied by see here's a rent in this child's arın (holding up the arm

two dogs and thrice the number of pigs, and led me a of a little girl), and that lazy girl won't put on the piece; distance on the way, with a kind . God bless ye,' at partand she can sew well. I can't have my children ragged.

ing. A troop of boys now came galloping at full speed, I can't have 'em dirty ; it's a sin, ladics. Their father intent, one might suppose, on sport or mischief. But toils, poor man, till dark night, to keep their clothes each had a book under his arın or in his hand, and I saw dacent, and keep'em in school. Here a shrivelled od they wero returning from school; and, saluting them kindly, woman entered, saying, “And what's all this? This

they gathered around me, listened to the story of schools girl is as fine a slip as you'll find in all Wicklow-a fino in America, and earnestly asked such questions as to scholar.' • You see, ladies,' remarked the mother, thern seeined important. At our parting, each was • how she's petted; that's the trouble. They must be eniulous to direct me my way, lest at the 'cross-road. I

should mistake. Now, ma'am, don't you take the left;' Although next to Antrim, Down, and the eastern and nor don't you go straight on,' said a second, but torn northern counties, as respects the people, and over them

to the right,' &c. And when, like so many young deer, as regards scenery of one description, Dublin county and they bounded away, I blessed God that the dawn of eduWicklow may be considered the gar:len of Ireland, yet

cation was breaking upon Ireland, and that the generawe cannot avoid quoting the impressions which the

tion now rising shail feưi its genial ray, and by her power authoress says that she was induced to form of Wicklow have the independence to assert their country's heavenand its people.

born rights." “ My visit to the county of Wicklow being finished, I What Miss Nicho'son may mean by Heaven-born rights, am happy to say that both country and people exceeded and the independence of Ireland, we can scarcely see ; my sanguine expectations.

The natural scenery, the but we suppose that she became inoculated with the rocultivation, but, most of all, the peasantry, possess a peal doctrines, to which Americans are generally so atkind of fascination which every unprejudiced traveller tached when applied to others, and so aver.c when promust confiss. Vany of the peasantry are cleanly, intel- posed in their own country, under the term nullification. ligent, and industrious, and an inviting charın lianus With all Miss Nicholson's good sense, she inherits about their coitazes, which says to the stranger there is the fault of her countrymen continually reporting peace and comfort within ; and when you enter, you feel private conversations with private inaividuals ; so that you are welcome. The Irish greeting cannot be mis- one requires to weigh warily words that are spoken to understood ; and here the same kindness and the same a travelling American. Miss Nicholson had heard order prevailed among Catholics as among Protestants. that · England was taking the liberty to break the I call d one Saturday evening at an humble cottaya, seals of letters going from Ireland to America, and where the children, to the number of five, all took their to retain such as did not suit her views of matters seats, unbiden, in a corner. Their neatness and good relative to the country.Miss Nicholson had paid conduct caused me to look ahout more particularly, and postage on a package of letters more than three there I saw the signs of a prudent wife and mother. months without receiving an answer; and so the good, • You see,' said the young ladies, as we passed out, the innocent damsel supposed that Sir Jamns Graham must manager ent of this poor woman; she is always clean, have had his eye on her – hare "Grahamed,” and always comfortable, and her children always tiily, though suppressed her correspondence. In the uncasiness poor.' They had been kept to school; and, by the natural after this fiight of the imagination she was alivised strictest economy, the family had never been obliged to by some way, probably, to apply to Sir Richard Mustrouble their neighbours in sickness, ever having neelful grave, a country gentleman, for information as to the prosupplies for such exigencies, though possessing not a bavility of England opening and detaining Miss Nicholfarthing but the daily labour of the father. They never son's correspondence. She accordingly obtained a letter partake of tea, coffee, or ardent spirits, or meat, except to Sir Richard Musgrave, although from whom, or with at Christmas.

what contents, is not stated; yet these elements must have I must leave Wicklow with a grateful remembrance entered largely into the question of its value, and away of undeserved kindness, for the last words I heard were, she went an additional pilgrimage of eighteen • My house shall be welcome to you, whenever you como miles to make the inquiry. She received a high charac

ter of Sir Richard Musgrave. One man told her that Economy and cleanliness are not the virtues for which heart, a true friend of Ireland and O'Connell, and de

he was “ condescending in manner, peculiarly kind of in England and Scotland the Irislı peasants have credit ; but we know that before this sad famine desolated lights in doing good to Catholics, though himself a Prothe land thero were many striking improveinents sider your case.

testant.” Another said, “ Sir Richard will sartainly conin these respects. We cannot easily reckon all the grie- kind woman.”

He is a good man, and his wife is a

These observations, by-the-bye, should vous consequences of the late judgment. It has bruised the

not be recorded in books, regarding persons of some heart and spirit of the people in a way that will not be standing in the world. It is an exhibition of bad taste, easily healed, although those improvements to which it may'ultimately lead will , we trust, compensate for this follows is worse.

of which American writers should free their style. What sorrowful break in the progress of Ireland. The scene is changed to Youghal, far in the south ;

"The sea

was dashing against the gravelly beach and the short suljoined note affords not merely justice to at the front of the dwelling; an air of comfort was the kind heartedness of the Irish peasantry, but also to the shod around ; and when the porter responded to


this way.'”

and every

my knock, and bad gone to present my card, Ifor England. He had been a father, indeed, she said, looked about the hall, and seeing no false appendages and the care of the house was entrusted to her. of greatness, and being soon invited into the parlour by “When I was comfortably prepared in my lodging-room, the gentleman himself, I felt as much at ease as when with a fire and clean bed, and contrasted it with the proeating my potatoes in the cabin. I introduced myself, ceding night, in what extremes do I find myself, from and the object of my errand, while he peered at me over cabin to castle, tossed like a 'rolling thing before a whirlhis spectacles, and scemed to listen with attention. He wind,' yet never destroyed. I slept in peace, and thanked read my letter of introduction, and returned it without God that in Ireland one rich godly man could be found, note or comment. I stated the exigencies of my case, as who called all mankind his brethren. a stranger in a strange land, and asked if he could give “In the morning, I took my breakfast, was kindly inany information as to whether the English government vited to come when Mr. S-should be at home, and had really taken the liberty to open and retain letters. went out, and called at the lodge-house, where was : He looked silently upon me, with a gaze which seemed to godly woman, poor in this world, but rich in faith. A say, “I wish this insignificant woman could finish her pleasant hour was passed with her, for, with such, lessons story, and let me return to my lunch.' 'I may be keep-are to be learned which the rich cannot teach. Tho rain ing you from dinner, sir.' 'I was taking lunch, madam; / had deluged the country the preceding night; and many my dinner hour is five.' Do you know, sir, and will a poor cabin was swept away, with the miserable furniture, you tell me, whether

you think this report true or false?' and the affrighted inmates had fled, with their children in No answer : he took out his watch; I understood the their arms, naked as they were, from their beds of straw. signal, and rose to depart. I can give you no advice The lawn containing the telescope of Lord Rosse on this subject.' As I was going into the hall he said, was open, and passing the gate, the old lady who presided • Maybe you would take something to eat.' 'I am in the lodge asked me to go through the grounds, which not hungry, sir,' replied I. My heart rejected this coldly- were free to all. Much did I regret that clouds obscured proffered bread. Then did the cabin woman's potato the sky the whole time I was in Birr, so that not one look doubly valuable, and I blessed God that he had left gaze could I have through that magnificent instrument. some poor in the world, that every vestige of humanity | The pipe is fifty-two feet in length, and six and a-half in and kind feeling might not be swept from the earth. The diameter. The Earl is mentioned as a man of great heart of a stranger was er.phatically mine. I had travelled philanthropy, and much beloved by the gentry and the a distance of twenty miles for the privilege of being treated poor.” with the coldest indifference by a titled gentleman.

Miss Nicholson treats the late Mr. O'Connell's house“ Yet I was not sorry. I at least learned something; keeper much after the way in which she dealt with Sir This man was celebrated for his urbanity of manners and Richard Musgrave. We cannot suppose that Mr. Maurice kindness of heart; the well-intentioned friends who advised me to apply to him were certain that he would solve damsel who travelled from New York to see Darrynane ;

O'Connell was to go in search of every adventurous my difficulties; and I had gone inore in complaisance to

and the housekeeper would probably set down the author. their good feelings, than from a favourable opinion

ess as “a forward, impudent hussy." Such is the of the undertaking on my part. I had visited Ireland difference of standard by which actions are judged in to see the poor, to learn its manners and customs, different countries. and how they would treat American strangers in any condition. I was placed in peculiar

“When I reached the summit of the mountain, and the circumstances, and a few kind words, if they would not

sea with its wild shore, islands, and dashing waves, broke have helped me out of my dilemma, would have cost him upon my view, I knew the abode of the wonderful man, but little, and have been grateful to me. But not even

O'Connell, was near, and I paused to take a full view a generous look could be gained, and I hoped my friends of the wildness around. Here then did the keen, deep would see that this boasting of the benevolence of great seek out an abode ; here were the principles, the agita

meaning, and nondescript eye of this never-tiring agitator men is often but boasting, and whoever follows them to

get good, will generally find himself in pursuit of an ignis tions, of the ever-stirring mind nurtured and fed ; and as fatuus, which, perchance, may land him in a quagmire." here, wave after wave dashes against the rock, so has

agitation after agitation dashed with impetuosity against We doubt very much whether many gentlemen would the Gibraltar of England, as yet impregnable. But hush! have been more civil to a lady travelling on foot, without introduction probably of an unexceptionable character ; circuitous well-made road winds down the mountain, and

a woman must walk softly on political pavements. A and travelling alone. Miss Nicholson may prefer Ameri- you see not the indescribable mansion that is embosomed can manners; but, of course, when in Ireland, she should in rock and tree, till within a few paces of the spot. Here judge actions of this kind by an Irish standard, and re

no walls or surly porter, demanding a pass, hedge up the member that she went to Sir Richard Musgrave on the

entrance ; but a path like that to a New England farmmost absurd errand.

houso leads you on, and you may take your choice of At Birr she met with a rich gentleman of her own entrance into the heterogeneous abode, by kitchen, chapel

, eccentric caste, but gentlemen of his character are rari

or hall; choosing the latter, I rang the bell, an old man ties in Ireland.

answered, saying, I am only a stranger, and will inquire “ I set off in the heavy rain to find the house or castle of if you can have admittance. A waiter came next, and a rich man, who was considered a great eccentric. He ushered me into the parlour, saying, all were from home, was owner of three domains, but had divested them of all but Maurice O'Connell and the house-keeper. The their frippery, had put on a frieze coat and brogues, and countenance of the latter was to me better fitted to drive literally condescended to men of low estate in dress and away the enemy than to invite the friend ; and the sequel equipage. Ho had taken many orphans into his house, proved more than I dreaded, when I met her cold penuand provided them food and clothing. When I reached rious look and manner. She showed me into the library, his dwelling, my clothes were profusely drenched. Mr. which presented a tolerable assortment of Encylopædias, S-- was not at home. I asked the housekeeper if I Lives of Saints, Waverley Novels, Law Books, &o. The might step in till the rain should abate, and dry my drawing-room contained all that is needed for ornament or clothes. She allowed me to do so; and I followed her The portrait of O'Connell, engraved to the life, through a long gangway of desolated halls, to a kitchen, taken while in the penitentiary, and one taken some years and found a company about to dine in the same way, and before, are not the least objects of interest in the room. on the same materials, as the cabin people do. The rain The portraits of his wife, daughters, grand-daughters, continued ; and an inyitation to stop over night was not and sons, form the most important ornaments in the house. noeded a second time. A fire was made in a parlour, Among the family group, are a brother and sister, the where no carpets or supernumerarios met the eye. Tea, sister in the act of swinging, sitting in a rope ; the little bread, and butter were offered, and the housekeeper made brother with a roguish smile, holding the rope, and a little everything pleasant. She had embraced the principles of dog looking on, enjoying the sport. It is the happiest her master, who had taken her when but two years old, touch of nature, in portrait painting, I ever saw.

A begging her from a widowed mother, who was embarking chapel, not finished, is attached to one end of the bouse.


A tablet giving its history and the name of the founder | abused very roundly, although the mission is spoken of is being in readiness, as a fixture for future ages. A well in terms of the highest praise. Mrs. Nangle, we verily fed priest was walking about, ready at any notice to por- believe, supposed Miss Nicholson to be a very improper form any religious duty, within the pale of his conscience, kind of person, when she found her wandering alone for the good of the family.

through a strange land ; and, in the position oceupied by " Tho walks, the beach, and the foaming sea—the herself and her husband, may not have been anxious for tower upon an eminence-the all-manner of shaped angles intimate communications with the strange American feand triangles, added and superadded to the main body of male from Molly Vesey's lodging-house, even fortified as the house—the place where it stands, and the person who she was by letters frorn respectable persons in America, of designed it—all taken into consideration, mako it a house whom Mr. and Mrs. Nangle could know little. and spot quite different from all others. I lingered, and Of another mission belonging to the Presbyterian looked, and left it as I found it, and can no more describo Church, and of Mr. Crotty, a converted priest, she thus it than before I saw it.

speaks :A lunch was before me at my return into the house ;

“ Met an intelligent police officer and his sister ; and the long table was in the dining-room, around which are seated, when O'Connell is at home, a goodly number of in the morning visited the school, taught by a Roman his children ; and sometimes thirty-six grandchildren have Catholic, and supported by the Home Mission. It is in been seated together there, with priest and guests, par- themselves with what books they had, which were fow

its infancy, its funds low, and the children supplied taking of the bounties of this hospitable board.

“While enjoying my bread and cheese, the threatening and defaced. I sat in the school-room till eleven, waitclouds began to drop rain : it was now twenty minutes ing for the scholars to assemble ; and, with much urging, past four. I had a wild mountainous walk of live miles succeeded in hearing two girls attempt to read. "The

teacher is a learned man; but the appearance of his perbefore and the wind was howling tremendously among son told that a schoolinaster's salary in Ireland is a poor the bleak mountains. I said to the housekeeper, I inducement to plod through the declensions and conjugadread the walk, my feet are blistered, and should the tions of a Latin Grammar. The whole together was not storm increase upon the mountain, as there is no place to lodge, what shall I do?' • It will bo bad for you," attracting: The Testament is kept in school, and the was the reply of this fixture in female form, as she showed teacher observed, ' It is read by all who wish to read it,

and the others omit it.' me out of the house. I said, 'Should you ever visit New York, I will do as much for you, if you will call on me.'

“Mr. Crotty, the Presbyterian clergyman, who emMy fate was now fixed; I was out and the door was shut, ploys the teacher, says he can do no better in the present

state of things. and never did the bolting of the prison gate of a con

Poverty sits brooding on everything

here. A Church of England curate, a Presbyterian demned culprit grate more harshly upon the ear, as the turnkey shut him in,' than did the closing of this door clergyman, and Romish priest, divide the town among of the • Agitator,' when its last echo died on my ear.

them, leaving a scanty pittance to each of the labourers. It was then the "Repeal of this union of wind and rain rough adherent to those principles he once denied. He

Mr. Crotcy was once a Romish priest, and is now a thowas the pitiful cry of my heart. The rain and wind were in my face, and the wild mountain before me. When I

certainly has done honour to the change he has made, if could face the storm no longer, I turned my back, and Catholics all spoke kindly of him as a peace-maker,

the voice of his neighbours weigh anything; for the endeavoured to walk in that way. A poor woman and her basket were sheltered under the wall, and she cried wishing to do good to all, and given to hospitality.' out, . And why, ma'am, are ye out in this stawrm? and We have derived much pleasure from Miss Nicholson's sure why didn't ye lodge at Darrynane ?' Becanse they book. Many of her statements we personally know to did not ask me,' I replied. * And sure they wouldn't be true. Others that seem severe are to be ascribed to turn a stranger out on the wild mountains in such a her habits of thought ; but her work is worth a cart-load stawrm as this ?' * And sure they did,' was all I could of such absurd books as Kohl's, which brimfull of blun

ders, was nevertheless much praised, and widely circuPoor Mrs. Nangle at Achil fares still worse, for she is lated.



POLITICAL REGISTER. THE GENERAL ELECTION has come and gone application of this language to any party in without leaving the world wiser by its advent. Britain. And those who believe that they are We find, indeed, an array run up of Protec- struggling for a right may be assured that they tionists, Peelites, and Liberals, which gives the injure greatly their own prospects by these latter a slight majority ; but what is meant by diatribes. It is clear, however, that the Irish these party designations we know not, unless to Repealers cannot all be counted with the Cabinet. be a “ Peelite” implies the non-existence of intel- It is difficult to tell their precise number. We lectual faculties sufficient to guide a man in can easily ascertain the proportion of five-pound forming an opinion regarding the expediency of notes paid into Conciliation Hall ; but we do not any case : to be a Protectionist at present is to know that every note represents an earnest man. stand in the position of the lock that was put on Nominally, we believe the number to be thirtythe stable door after the steed was stolen ; and seven-really we apprehend the number of those to be a Liberal is to support Lord John Russell's whose principles would be in any respect troubleCabinet. In the latter and the larger classifica- some to the Government will not exceed twentytion, on that presumption we have an enormous five. There is a very small section of Irish memfiction, or we may say, perhaps, a conglomeration bers who style themselves Conservative Reof small fictions put forward to prop the Govern- pealers, for the sake of convenience. They stand ment until Parliament assemble. Any person with one foot on sea and one on land. They find may perceive that the Irish Repealers cannot be this position convenient at an Irish hustings. counted amongst the Government votes. These Anywhere else it would sink them between two gentlemen denominate this Ministry the “ Star- stools. There, it supports them in spite of their vation Government,” without, we must add, in natural gravitation. They are like the heated strict justice, any sound reason for the reproach- Indian corn turned out of ship at Cork and elseful term. The exertions made for Ireland since where, to be sold to pay expenses. Any party, the harvest of 1846 should have prevented the we presume, may have them for the freight to


London. We have next the regular Liberals, , burgh. It is quite possible, therefore, that we who are few nominally, but will be generally sup- may under-estimate the moral strength of the new ported by the practical men amongst the Re- Irish members. The Meaghers, MTavishes, ani pealers : and the Conservatives, who come up Reynoldses, may restore the days when the genius always strong from the North of Ireland. The of Curran, and Grattan, and Burke, cast lustre numbers classified in some of the Dublin papers over parliamentary debates ; and they may bring

to the work of legislation an invaluable stock of Conservatives,

39 honesty and earnestness. In these respects we Repealers,

37 may be doomel to experience a most agreeable Whigs,

17 disappointment; but in one alone can we, with Precursors,

12 our present advices, suppose that Ireland has The precursors are understood to be gentlemen really gained from the general election. It has in the transition state towards repeal. Some of brought members into connexion with their conthem have, however, denied that they can be stituencies on the question of the Tenant Right. said to “precourse”in this form, and we should not They have practically learned the opinion of the be surprised to find the classification more than electors; and we understand that a majority of sanguine. As it stands, the minority of Irish the Irish members have promised to support legismembers con ist of repealers, and repealers not lation of a just and efficient character on that yet fully formed. Nominally, they would take subject. 49 from the liberal votes in Parliament; but as The Scottish elections left parties very nearly the unripened will likely enough go with the in the position occupied by them prerious to the government on trying questions, we reduce the dissolution of Parliament, so far as any man, restive Irish members to 37; and we may give looking merely to the returns and their classifithe ministry the advantage to be procured from cation, would suppose ; but there has been a great a farther discount of 12, leaving 25 Irish votes on change effected in some Scotch constituencies. whom no liberal whipper-in could put the slight In Roxburghshire and the laddington burghis, est reliance, but which will not be given against Liberals have been substituted for Conservatives. the cabinet on any of those questions where its In several other burghs, independent men hare existence can be in danger. We refer to these been substituted for the recorders of votes. Edinmatters merely to show that no great reliance burgh has undoubtedly made the principal should be placed on the bulletins of the London change, and it requires explanation. No constimorning papers. The moral strength of the tuency valucs more highly intellectual qualificaIrish members is not, we fear, improved by the tious than that of Edinburgh. Literature is one elections. At Waterford, Mr. Wyse and Sir II. of its staple productions; and all its other staples, W. Barron have been defeated by Alderman with the exception of “ Edinburgh ale," are more Meagher and Mr. Daniel O'Connell. The latter or less intimately associated with, and dependent gentleman's talents are not yet developed ; and on, literary pursuits. There can be no doubt the Alderman would be a more formidable person, that Mr. Macaulay, who writes " Lays of Rome,'' were it by any means possible to make him his and brilliant papers, stands far higher in the own son; but as that transmigration cannot take literary world thau Mr. Charles Cowan, bo place, we do not expect any great effort to astonish mer ly makes the paper on which they are the House from the senior member for Waterford. printed. The difference is all that exists beThe election for Dundalk, a small borough on tween the boy who blows the bellows and the the northern border of Leinster, pro:luced an organist. Jr. Cowan makes no pretensions to equally strange result with that for Waterford. genius and literary talent. Mr. Macaulay needs Mr. M'Cullagh, a gentleman of considerable li- to make none, because his claims are freely adterary reputation, connected with the government, mitted. was defeated by Mr. M‘Tavish, who, “unknown The difference between their supporters is to same “even to local influence," seems to equally remarkable. Mr. Macaulay's defeat has have stepped into the seat on the strength of one been styled a piece of Free Church revenge ; but principle. He was a Scoto-American, favourable the leading lawyers in the Free Church were at to the repeal of the Union, and on that sole quali- his back on the hustings. It has been called a fication, so far as we can learn, was elected. Radical movement; but the literary Radicals There may have been in these, and in other con- are set down on his committee, and amongst his tests, influences operating on local feelings to pro- supporters. It has been said that “the bray duce results which parties at a distance cannot of Exeter Hall followed him to Edinburgh ;" comprehend, and which are nevertheless quite in and wo are certain that this 'most unjust, telligible to the voters themselves. Thus we find uncourteous, and impolitic phrase lost to him the London papers derbore the ejection of Mr. many votes ; but a number of the leading · Macanlay from Edinburgh, and will only be con- friends of Exeter Hall forgave him, and voted soled by the election of Mr. M Gregor at Glasgow. for his re-election. We have been told that Edinburgh is disgraced, and Glasgow is honour the Excise Reform Association carried Mr. ed, according to the London press; yet Mr. Cowan into Parliament ; but this body, howM'Gregor and his colleague were unquestionably ever zealous, cannot accouut for the majority. elected at Glasgow for those very reasons that They also endeavoured to carry a Conservative, induced the rejection of Mr. Macaulay at Edin- / who, with the support of his party, polled less


than onc-half of Mr. Cowan's votes. Then it may the electors had already docided. The false be said that the successful member instituted a grounds taken by Mr. Macaulay left the majority careful and active canvass, continued over a of his constituency without an alternative, unless long period ; and thus ingratiated himself into they were to become their representative's serfs. the good opinion of the electors; but this is They were bound to refuse a renewal of his trust, not the case, for he was later in the field than Mr. or be disgraced. They made the refusal ; and, Macaulay, and we believo did not canvass a by the Liberal party press of England, they have single voter. To this point, therefore, on all been abused with such hearty earnestness that ordinary principles, the result of the election seems the blow must have told. Mr. Macaulay's posiinexplicable ; but in our August number we tion


be stated, as we understand the matter, stated that the Whig coterie were over-using their in a few words. He told the electors that a cerinfluence, and would be mortified by the results of tain question was of the utmost importance ; that more than one election, if they persisted in their he held regarding it specified views at present, on perpetually intermeddling with, and dictating to, which he expected to berre-elected; but that, ou constituencies. In provincial towns, the same this same question, he might adopt diametrically tendency to choose for, and dictate to, the electors, opposite opinions, and would not, in that event, which has long existed in Edinburgh, had been promise to resign his seat, but would employ in manifested. Repeatedly during the recent elec- the Legislature the trust committed to him by the tions it has appeared that Provost so-and-so, with people of Edinburgh for the promotion of opinions one or two satellite Bailies, have been to London, which, in the meantime, they and he alike deemed as witnesses on a Railway Committee, and made, prejudicial. His election, in such circumstances, as an additional piece of business, an arrange- would have indicated a thorough absence of selfment for the borough. When a good bargain respect in the Edinburgh constituency. If the could be struck at home, there was no inducement elected are to stand so stiflly on the dignity of to seek a purchaser in England. When that their ofice, may not the electors be allowed to could not be effected, the constituency were driven place a proper value on their privilege, without like black cattle to the London market. We by exposure to all those taunts that have been inno means assert that the tendency to dictation is discriminately and thoughtlessly hurled at the exclusively Whiggish. Even parties who thought Edinburgh constituency.

The result of that they were acting patriotism, in their anxiety to election was the practical enforcement of the avoid the Whig snare, instead of calling a meet- principle stated in our last number, the principle ing of electors to consider by whom they would be that on all cognate questions a member of the represented, actually wrote off to Manchester for House of Cominons should not claim, and cannot

And their Manchester correspondents- be allowed, freedom of discretion. the debris, we believe, of the triumphant and dis- The Glasgow contest aroge on similar grounds. solved League-instead of replying that they would One of the former members retired. The other not aid in a hole-and-corner sale of a constitu- entered the last Parliament as a voluntary, and ency, furnished the man in this, as they may have yet voted for the Maynooth grant. The result done in other cases. In Edinburgh the electors was, that two gentlemen, one of them the late rebelled against the dictation of a small, though Secretary of the Board of Trade, and the second “ respectable,” Whig coterie. They selected one the Chief Magistrate of the City, were elected, of themselves, and left their“ natural leaders” to because the majority of the constituency believed learn the amount of their own inherent strength. them to be trustworthy, and were determined to They chose a representative whom they trusted, avoid dictation from a small coterie of good and rejected one whose brilliancy was his chief enough Reformers of all abuses except the great recommendation. Mr. Macaulay is a victim to abuse of doing in a back parlour what only should the anti-pledge-giving mania. He stood out for have been done in the City Ilall. the dignity of his calling. He would neither tell This deterinination to be independent has more the electors what he would think one, two, or or less characterised most of the borough elections three years hence, nor promise to resign his seat in Scotland. A feeling has arisen that Governif he thought differently then from the opinions ment influence is unsparingly used in many cases that he had now formed. The question was the to promote or prevent the election of certain canprobable endowment of the Roman Catholic didates. In other boroughs the working of small priesthood in Ireland. At present Mr. Macaulay cliques, who plotted, planned, and negotiated to was opposed rather to that measure. Hercafter transfer the representation, as if it had been a his views might, as he confessed, be changed. The bank management or a railway secretaryship, nacould not, therefore, pledge himself always to op- turally in their gift, has been accidentally erpose this contemplated step. It might possibly posed. The influence of Government through the be presented to him in a shape that would alter Whig coterie of Edinburgh, or of sınall local fachis present convictions. The course in that case tions, whose vanity and even grosser purposes are was clear. He should have intimated his willing- subserved by “making the member,” will always ness to resign whenever his opinion on that topic prevail until the electors deem their representashould be decidedly changed. He refused to make tion of sufficient value to be provided for with one this concession. He insisted on the dignity of tithe of the care that they would exercise in serepresentation, and the right of the representa- lecting a light porter. tire to deliberate and consider a topic on which We find, for instance, that in Glasgow there

a man.

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