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and, on the other hand, that anomaly is ensily explained the goad of a galling practical injustice, other parties which presents us so frequently with high and severe Churchmen-stern and rigid supporters of systems of Arti- and thus rendering an amicable adjustment of the question
aro spreading their own special schools over the country, acles, and other dogmatic forms—who exhibit withal only very slight susceptibility in respect of religious impres- not only remote but impracticablo? Cannot those men sions. There is not, as is commonly supposed, any hypo- discern that, while they sleep and dream of their favourite crisy in this state of mind. It is a real, and not an assumed
difficulties," plans are being formed inconsistent with or pretended state-arising in the activity of the logical faculties, and the comparative inertness of the powers of the termination we all wish, and money sunk in the ereccontemplation ; and it has an exact counterpart in a pheno- tion of school-houses, in many cases unnecessary, unless nenon already referred to, connected with the cultivation through the demands of this prolonged and most uncalledof physical science. Men, as I previously stated, are far
for insult? froin uncommon, who, while enjoying the greatest pleasure
Or eren without regard to the schools, in the analytic representation and developinent of assumed where now all our Whig hopes, as to the Whig reforms physical laws, have yet but imperfect powers to sift cven of the Unirersities? Must the Free Church have thoroughly the plıysical facts on which alone laws can be erected theirs, and our rump of aristocracy theirs, and funded ; and, in the same manner, it is quite possible that
the now formidable United Secession theirs, before Lord a mind have much interest in the processes and investigations of systematic, or, rather, of dogmatic theology, John can gather nerve enough to disregard the “soundwithout a corresponding power to descend into the far ing brass'' of Dr. IIill, and to see unmoved the ominous profounder region of the IxTUITIONS. If we want shake of Dr. Leo's head? It is, indeed, a most sickening RELIGION, then, let us correct this serious mis:ake. It is indeed a mistake most serious, and it would have driven conclusion, but we fear it has come to this, that talk is from the service of the Universities of Scotland men to
easier than action; that a premier in posse may be very whom they have often owed the preservation and ex- great and very brave, but that the power of realising a tonsion of their repute, had not the evil been aperted by high policy rarely belongs to hearts reared within the a usual consequence of the existence of laws practically inapplicablo to their object--yiz, a systematic breach of
'cold shado" of an aristocracy. It pleases Lord John the formal obligation, through the general consent that it to discourse patronisingly of the people : let him not forbe regarded as a dead letter. But this corrective-get THAT IS RIVAI. BELONGS TO TULEM. lowever otherwise welcome - involves the hazard of
Our space will permit a reference to only one lamentably weakening some of the most important sanctions of morality.'
other subject, suggested by this valuable and comprchenThe foregoing argument Icaves nothing wanting in
sive work. There is no hope for an effective and wellpoint of force, but it docs in respect of its application. ordered system of National Education until we assure a Why limit its conclusions to the case of the Universities ? supply of adequate teachers; and it is perfectly clear
that we cannot do this merely by looking for learned Why permit the continuance of that much larger, if not deeper, blot on our Scottish educational policy-the sec
men. Learning is an element, and an essential onc ; but
there is required, besides, the knowledge of the relations tarianism of our parish schools? Is it not intolerable
of all science to that young mind, and the study of these that, with the words of liberalis:n, and harmony, and a united system, ever on the outer curve of their lips, these relatior.s is a new and diffeult science, nowhere at preseut
cultitated in Great Britain. ministers of ours shall stand by in abeyance, while, under
Nor is the knowledge of this science even sufficient. * The considerations in the test seem to me quite ade. The teacher ought to know it, and to be a man capablo quate to establish the entiro inutility or inapplicability of of applying it-he should be a moral engineer, alike our existing tests in Scotland; but they so much farther scientiâcally and practically ; he should know hus to --they show the necessary erroneousness of any l'OSITIVE Tx=r whatsoever. Unless wvere purely dogmatie Theo- draw his plans, and also be fitted by his own labour to Ingical teaching is concerned, what we want iş, religious work them out. Now, this all points to the institution dispositions or susceplibilities ; character indeed, and not opinion. The former, it is evident, cannot be assured by of normal schools, as a first clenent towards the erection th' mere assent of the reasoning powers to any set of sys- of a good national system. In fact, if government liad ko tematic articles: its existence or non-existence, its strength or weakness, will be indicated only as other points gun rightly, or with sufficient knowledge of the necessities of men's churneterare indicated; and the Authority which of their enterprise, they might have expended £100,000 Has the power of selecting the Instructor need never be ai for one, two, or even three years, in the erection of such any loss in reaching a conclusion on the subject. Accordingly, our Scottish Universities, in their recent efforts seminaries. Dr. Nichol writes on this point as follows. to induce the Legislature to unshackle them from these To one suggestion we would earnestly solicit the atten. tests, very wisely abandoned the attempt, merely to improve tion of those who have at present influence in our Uninud enlarge the presentones; and deciared at once against the principle of Positive Teuts-proposing to retain à very versities :sinple, negative, precautionery declaration, binding the “ It cannot fail to be inferred, from the whole bearing ircumbent to teach no!uia contrary to the standards of the of these rapid remarks, and it will be impressed much Eshtblished Church.-Eaily in last summer, I enjoyed the
more strongly by the careful study of M. Willm's work, liiga peasure of spending a morning with our ercr-lamiente CHALMERS ; and on the conversation turning to the sub- how entirely the success of every well-ordered seheme of jert, I had the satisfaction to bear hiin ueclare, after niuch Education must depend for its success on the charaeter of and repeated consideration, that, in his opinion, this settle the teachers whose services it can command. There is, ment of the question on ht to be accomated satisfactory by perhaps, no other element essential to success in Educaald parties. Other eniinent men in the Free Church, as well tion, in which---ın so far as public precautions and arrangeas the lening ceresmen belonging to various Dissenting ments are concerned-our country is so deficient, as it boies, have since then given forth similar opinions; so is in this. To state the case plainly, we have at this mothat there appears reason to believe, that the Legislature would incet 10 insuperable obstacle in dealing bolally with and no source from which we can safely draw then. Men
ment no fixed plan in the appointment of our teachers, the question. I would adı?-to prevent misconeeptionthat the Scottish Universities do not hold any Ecclesiastis of talent, and with suitable conscientiousness, will, uncix! prank, equivalent to what is oeenpied by those of OxFord doubtedly, soon adapt themselves to any position, howand Cambridge: the question here simply being, as to the
over novel, which can be mastered by diligence; but finnes of ble resin relciguatures to instue de regard 10 assuredly that is not a state in which any country should te si in in teaching
remain, which constrains it to trust, for the performance
of functions so vital, to persons chosen almost at random, , springs from the opposito quarter-the jealousy of some and prepared for their duty by no suitable instruction of the people of any movement of Government towards either in their science or art. A teacher, in fact, requires, their enlightenment and elevation, lest it covertly involve as his qualification, the knowledge at once of a peculiar what is sinister. This is probably the price that every science, and ofan art to realise his knowledge. The sci- Government must pay for past errors. In the case of ence of Peligogy is quite peculiar, and is not involved in, ours, sectarian wishes have disappeared ; and it is really, or communicated by, acquaintance with other literature or in all chief respects, ahead of the people : but the memory science. Like the Science (as distinct from the Art) of of the past cannot in a day be effaced ; and measures are Civil Engineering, for instance, it supposes the knowledge apt to be interpreted according to the practices of an of other sciences; but it has its own important theory effete policy, probably only the more readily, if they point besides, which is to expiscate rules for the application of to good which the general intelligence is not suthciently these sciences to practical affairs. As a first essential, developed to account desirable, or at least to view as esthe teacher must know the character and acquisitions of a pecially urgent.” well-formed mind; and these he may learn in the world,
We would have concluded here, but that our previous and by the discipline of our Universities : but he must know besides, as his own peculiar science, the rules quotations are all from Dr. Nichol's dissertation. The which shull guide his efforts in impressing this full following passago on moral education, from the treatise and complete character, by degrees, on the mind of of M. Willm, is eminently characteristic of that work. advancing manhood; but this knowledge he has now no aid whatever in acquiring. Pedagogy is neither It abounds in such passages, manifesting the rare combiMoral Philosophy or Natural Philosophy, nor Lätin or
nation of a wise and profound philosophy with those Greek literature ; although, to profess it, a man must be practical instincts, which even, apart from reflection, apable to use all these, in so far, as his instruments: but, in | pear to inform some minds almost instantaneously of the regard of whatever it is beyond these, a teacher in this right mole of action. The perusal of this extract will country can at present obtain no inforınation, at the completest of the great institutions of our rcalm. Assuredly amply uphold our recommendation of the book to the it would be well, if distinct chairs of l'edagogy were at- careful study of all parents and teachers :tached at the earliest moment to every University in these " The great defect of most of the moral stories related to Islands ; but if that cannot bo accomplished--if Govern- children is their fictitious character. They too often show ment, agitated by any fears, are disinclined to propose it -- vice corporeally punisher, and virtue rewarded in the may we not expect that combinations among the professors
Now, without referring to what is antiwill--- as in the case of Civil Engineering--at an early op-christian and immoral in this method of interpreting the portunity supply the void ? I am aware that, to accom- ways of Providence upon the earth, is there no danger of plish such a course of teaching, with the entire success increasing, by such means, that selfishness which morality we desiderate, no combination would suffice ; for that should overcome? Is it not to be feared, that when the would require the unity which can be imprinted on a child has become a man, he will find the real world so subject only by the survey of one capablo mind: but different from this ideal world, that his morality may be still there are non connected with our Scottish Universi- seriously compromised ? ties whose attention coull not be turned, even partially, “ Let the children be taught, by examples drawn rather to such a mattir, without the accomplishment of the most from real lite, the natural consequences of vico and of eminent services. I would therefore carnestly suggest, virtue ; let them be made aware of the cvils and shame, that, without farther delay, those who are interested in sufferings and remorse, which the former brings after it, the a·lvancement of Education, signify a wish that Courses of all that is noble and great in the latter, and of the adof Lectures, of the deseription I have referred to, bevantages, and the pure and inward joys it affords. Let forth with established. But, besides having a knowledge them be made, for instance, to observe the confusion in of their peculiar Science, teachers should be experienced which the liar involves himself when he wishes to support in their art-in the practical methods of dealing with his falschouds, and to what contempt he is exposed when youth. They are not mere closet inquirers, but working beunyed ly his own contradictions. Let them be told of inquirers—men who not only require to know how work I tho fial consequences of incontinence, idleness, impro, is to be done, but, at the same time, can do it. Now there bicy, cnvy, hatred, and anger, of all the vices and bad is no means by which experience can be obtained, in the passions. On the other hand, let them be made to uncxcrcise of teaching, except through Normal Scuools. derstand how probity produces conf dence and esteem, and More necessary than any scientific teaching of Pedagogy, therefore er dit and prosperity, the happy consequences this cannot be obtained unless through new institutions. of moderation, of the love of labour, of temperance, and There is no public establishment in this country to which kimness, of all good qualities, and of all virtues. But these cgullrigh ly be attached; and therefor we must at let them be afterwards inale to hate vice for itself, as unonce scek for a new and extensive organisati. :n.* In worthy of a rational being, disgraceiul aud degrailing to every shire in the land thero ought to be a Normal
man, and to love virtue for its own sake, on account of School, capable of training teachers, adequate to the full its inherent dignity and beauty. Let crime appear to supply of its district; and these of curse ought to con them miserable in the midst of the greatest prosperity, duct, oraid in conducting, the Elementary Schools of the and only the more hateful wlien triuinphant; and let town, and the higher schools or ('entral Academies of the
virtue shino forth as worthy of enry, even when loaded distriet. The need for such schools is so amply unfolded with misfortunes; and the more beautiful when it requires by M. Willen, that I shall not dwell on it; it is, in
to make great efforts and sacrifices to support itself. fact, suffiently manifest, to have extracted special pro- “ In this way the conscience will be devoipei and the visions from every advanced Government of Europe. mcral sense become stronger and more reüned; Duty Much of M. Willm's vocacy will be found unnecessary will be imposed on the Siil, gifted with the highest auhere--I mean where he speaks so anxiously of the su:3. thority; and it will become dificult, if not impossible, to ciency of the perantees that may be given to Govern- fail in an obligation, presented to the mind with due
The Government of this country has out lived clearness, and to the reason with the character of necegany special carefulness about such guarantees—its first sity. But man is not a pure intelligence; his worldly desire is, that the people be intelligent enough to un- interests, the inclinations of his physical nature, and derstand its designs. The jealousy we have to comlat, his passions from withiri, constituting a power, not neI have said, in the text, that we have as yet no pribie cessarily hostile, but often opposed to his moral an
and frequently leading him astray.
And as science institution of thus kind, such as we require; but there are several excellent private ones.
I would specify among
alone is insuficient to guide the mariner into a safe these the great Diocesan Normal School of Chester, which haven, without the assistance of the courageous pilot, under the rangement of the Per. Nir. Risa, li aves very wo has strength ad quate to guido him through the Jiitie so be ik, sirod. See, for details, the recent vous i' aves and tenpei, su 2.72!! Toqure, besiks the knowledyo Mr. bar of Cantrilge.
0l what is riglit, te firmuess and constripey necessary to
enable him to resist the solicitations of the senses and the ! Another work not relating to the famine, but written storms of passion. To teach him to govern his desires, before its time, by an eccentric lady, a native of and to regulate his passions by prudence and in conformity New York, who left her home, crossed the Atlantic, with the principles of reason, to exercise his moral courage and to strengthen his will, is the second object of travelled over a large portion of Ireland on foot and by moral education. Children must be early accustomed to car, slept in the cheapest lodging-houses often, did all resist their natural inclinations, to rule their passionate the work as part of her special duty, and has written a desires, and to command their emotions. This habit can
book for the same reason. The work is rather large, only be acquired by exercise and constant effort. The more we allow passion to rule over us, the more difficult but not more voluminous than interesting : and if any is it to overcome it, and the more we become its slave ; party, desirous of knowing more than he at present has but strength of Will also increases with success. Hence boen told of the Irish peasants, should order from his the importance of good habits acquired in infancy and youth. Besides instruction, enlightening the conscience bookseller, “ Ireland's Welcome to the Stranger"'*_he and forming the moral judgment, the means to be cm
will not be disappointed. The lady is a member of the ployed to endow reason with the strength needful to sub- Total Abstinence societies, not merely froin intoxicating due the passions and unlawful desires are-the counsels drinks—for which she deserves all praise—but also, as we of prudence, a lively sense of the dignity of human nature, and especially the voice of Religion. We shall elsewhere learn incidentally, from tea, and from the flesh of animals, see what discipline can effect with regard to this. Now a degree of self-denial in which we cannot conveniently all such means are at the commond of teachers, seconded join. Her tour was undertaken in 1814 and 1845—the by our pastors. It is especially in this latter task that years when the Repeal agitation was in a crisis ; and the the intervention of Religion is indispensable to the cause of Morality. Religiously educated, our children will not precise objects in view when it was undertaken are thus fail to walk in the ways of God, which are those of jus
described :-tice, truth, purity, and humanity. Let God, therefore, be presented to them, not only as the Creator and Ruler the Irish are a suffering people ; and when they come to
“ • Remember, my children,' said my father, 'that of the Universe, but as the Author and Guardian of that
your doors, never send them empty away.' It was in Moral Law which He bimself has written on our hearts. the garrets and cellars of New York that I first became Let the voice of conscience be to them what in reality it acquainted with the Irish peasantry, and it was there I is-the voice of God: it will not on that account be more binding, but it will be more imposing, more powerful, and cheerfulness, their flow of blundering, hap-hazard, happy
saw they were a suffering people. Their patience, their more sacred. Above all, let them seek in prayer, in the wit, made them to me a distinct people from all I had habit of raising their minds to God, and of filling their
Often, when seated at my fireside, have I said to souls with the thought of the Infinite, a refuge against those most dear to my heart, God will one day allow misfortune, and, at the same time, strength to resist
me to breathe the mountain air of the sea-girt coast of evil.”
Ireland, to sit down in their cabins, and there learn what
soil has nurtured, what hardships have disciplined, so IRELAND AND THE IRISH.
hardy a race--s0 patient and so impetuous, so revenge
ful and so forgiving, so proud and so humble,so obstinate We have received a number of books and pamphlets and so docile, so witty and so simple a people.' respecting the state of Ireland and the causes of the recent
Those who then laughed at my vagaries have all gone
down to the dust. The world was before me and all famine. If a country could be saved by the multitude of mankind, my brethren. *I have made you desolate. I books, Ireland would be happy. There seems to have want you for other purposes. Go work in my vineyard,' been quite a rage to write and publish regarding Ireland,
was the word. I conferred not with flesh and blood. on the part of many who did not consider acquaintance No pope or priest, no minister or prelate, augmented with the subject treated essential to authorship.
my purse, to enable me to spy out the nakedness of the
I came 'a warfare at my own charges.' I are compelled to leave unnoticed many pamphlets which came to gather no legends of fairies or banshees, to pull (display prominently that characteristic, and many of down no monarchies, or set up any democracies ; but I even higher pretensions. We have, for example, “The ments, to see the poor peasant by wayside and in bog,
came to glean after the reapers, to gather up the fragClaim of Ireland," a sermon by Mr. Thom of Liverpool. in the field, and by his peat fire, and to read to him the It is a production at latest for the last century, and treats story of Calvary. I came to linger with the women at largely of the penal laws. We have a somewhat similar the foot of the cross, and go with them early to the sepul
chre. production by the Roman Catholic Bishop of New York; say that this condescending to men of low estate, this
I have dono so; and should the fastidious reader and indeed there is a very general notion that England eating with publicans and sinners--above all, this lodging oppresses Ireland most miserably, whereas, irrespective in a manger, is quite in bad odour if not in bad taste, he of the church which the peasantry do not attend, Eng- must be told it was because there was no 'rooin for me land is not guilty on this charge. Ireland oppresses Ire
in the inn,' or because my pained feet could go no far
ther. land. The superior distrains the serf. Insufficient te- “I had counted the cost. I knew there were professed nure hampers the tenant; and a land untilled becomes a Christians in the nineteenth century, who would be forland of misery.
getful to entertain strangers, and would ask, where
hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness ?' I Upon this subject we cordially recommend “Six knew there were doorkeepers in the house of God' Wecks in Ireland, by William Bennett, a generous who would say, “Sit thou here under my footstool,' if Englishman, a member of the Society of Friends, who the 'gold ring and goodly apparel' were wanting ; and visited Ireland to dispense the liberal bounty of that
I knew that she, whose delicate foot never treads the
threshold of the poor, would scruple the propriety if not body. The work is cheap-full of daguerreotype draw- the reputation of her who does it
. I have not dipped ings from life--not, of course, ordinary drawings, but my pen in gall' towards any of those; I have mentioned plain pen-and-ink sketches; by which one may compre
no names where they could be readily avoided, and then, hend the whole matter that came under the writer's in- in most cases, where gratitude required me to do so.
“I ask no reward- I ask no sympathy. This sowing by spection.
By A. Nicholson, of New York, London: Charles * Londen: Charles Gilrir.
the side of all waters has been abundantly paid by the laugh, and the unfortunate wights were turned into the ‘God save yo kindly,' and the 'Fear not, I am with yard, in spite of all mediation on my part, as being tho you.'
aggressor. But the loud laugh and buoyant leap of “Reader, I would not be an egotist, I would not boast; these boys testified that the loss of a dinner could not but I would speak of that Almighty arm that sustained bring sadness into the hearts of these merry Irish lads. me, when, on a penny's worth of bread, I have walked over mountain and bog for twenty and twenty-three miles, beds, which were made of straw, and emptied every
“ Tho most admirable arrangement was shown in the resting upon a wall, by the side of a lake, or upon my month, and clean straw substituted. The straw taken basket, reading a chapter in the sweet Word of Life to
out is cut up, and Aung into a large pit. The suds from some listening labourer; and when at night-fall, in some
the laundry are then conveyed to it by a channel, and humble lodging-house, my potato and salt were taken, my it is thus converted into a rich manure. The yearly profeet bathed, then could I sing of mercy; then could I say, fit from this plan is from £130 to £140 : this is a great what lack I yet? I never had one fear by night or by economy, besides the advantage of cleanliness to the inday, nor ever cast a longing, lingering look behind, to
This manure is sold for the benefit of the instimy once-loved home across the ocean."
tution, and a multitude of swine are fattened upon the We should perhaps explain that Miss Nicholson acted offals of the food, and are sold for the samo purpose. not only as a traveller determined to see and record what
Twice a-week soup is given, and stirabout and butter
milk in the morning; the aged and the invalids havo she saw, but also as a missionary ; and it may be right to bread and tea when required.”' say, that nowhere met she with molestation on account
If Miss Nicholson had visited the north of Ireland of her principles, although they were often promulgated she would have found the Linen Hall of Belfast a in the most forbidding places and circumstances. There is little in her book to criticise, but much to
different kind of place altogether from that of Dub
lin. The rise of Belfast has taken that particular interest. We have no right to quarrel with style when
trade from Dublin where, in point of fact, the linen no pretensions to fine writing are made ; and no means
manufacturers of the north were wont to travel for the of dealing with an authoress who only relates facts not as
In all quarters of Ireland they may always and absolutely be seen, but as she found purpose of selling their wares.
she would have found the workhouses equally clean ; and them. With her passage to Liverpool and thence to
as she uses neither tea nor tobacco, she would have had Dublin we meddle not ; but we join her at the head of Capel Street, in Bolton Street, Dublin, near by the Linen barred from these comforts and luxuries, were wont grie
no sympathy with the complaints of the paupers who, deHall.
vously to lament over days and nights departed. “ Friday.-- Visited the annual exhibition of the arts, and saw some specimens of taste beyond what I had anti
Miss Nicholson did not find the cabins of the Irish poor cipated. The bog oak of Ireland (which is found buried distinguished by that universal filth which has been most in the earth), when polished and made into many articles untruly ascribed to them. We have also penetrated into of taste, is a beautiful specimen, not only of the skill of the poorest homes of Ireland, and often seen a print of the mechanic, but of the richness of this neglected island in its bowels as well as upon its surface. Here were chairs,
one or two saints, a daub resembling Father Mathew, and tables, small fancy articles, of the most exquisite beauty, and a repeal card, in clean neat cottages, put down in which were made from this wood. Among its highest orna- the returns of the population commissioners as hovels. ments was a standing ‘Father Mathew administering the pledge to a peasant, both as large as life; the peasant
“ I went into cabins of filth, and I went into cabins of kneeling. The complacent look of the kind apostle of the greatest cleanliness, whose white-washed walls, and temperance is a happy illustration of the 'peace and good- nicely-scoured stools, said that 'She that looketh well to will to men' which mark the footsteps of this unassuming the ways of her household lives here.' All ages saluted me man, wherever they can be traced.
as the American stranger, and said one,
Ye'r a won“Saturday.—Was introduced into the Linen Hall; derful body; and did you come alone? Oh! America is a here is a sad momento of Ireland's blighted prospects of beautiful country, and if I was there I would get the mate." her once proud manufacture of this useful article. The
Seeing a repeal button in the coat of a man standing by desolated hall
, with its appendages, which once included his car, I inquired, 'Do you find employment, sir ?' two acres of ground, now and then in some dusty room,
"But littlo, ma'am; I suffer much, and get little. shows a sack or two of linen, and in some dark hall, a
O'Connell has worked hard for us, and is now in jail. few piles of linsey woolsey. Here was the son of an old I'm waitin' here for a job; and the thief of a fellow wont inheritor of some of these rooms, when, in its glory, its get on to my car, with my repeal button in sight. But coffee-room was thronged with men of business, now
I will wear it. Oh! the country's dyin'; it's starvin'; standing almost alone in its midst, selling linen, to tell it's kilt.
And O'Connell wont let us fight, and I'spose the inquirer what it once was.
that's the best way.' “My next visit was to the Poor House, for I had
Perhaps we can do no better than continue these heard much of their well-managed laws, from all but
sketches from the street. beggars, who gave them no share in their affections. The house contained one thousand seven hundred persons, of “A cleanly woman, knitting upon a wall, told me she all ages, and all who were able were at work, or in was English ; had been in Dublin a year; her health school. The rooms were well ventilated, and the floors was poor, and she had come out for an airing.
* But daily washed. The aged appeared as comfortable as care oh ! these miserable beggars. They think they shall got and attention could make them. One old lady was free ; but England is so grabbing they never will; and, pointed out to us who was a hundred and six years old; besides, there is an ancient prophecy that England is to she could read without glasses, and had the use of all her fight and conquer the whole world, and give them all the faculties. The dinner hour was near; three pounds and gospel.' a-half of potatoes were poured from a net upon the table "Where did you find this prophecy?' for each individual; fingers supplied the place of knives "• They say it's in the Bible.' and forks; and the dexterity of a company of urchins, in «« « To what church do you belong?' divesting the potato of its coat, and dabbing it into the "r. To the Protestant.' salt upon the table, caused me imprudently to say, “I "« «You should read the Bible for yourself, and see if am happy, my lads, to see you so pleasantly employed.' you can find such a prophecy.' • Silence' was written upon the walls, but this unlucky "• I've a prayer-book.' remark of mine changed the suppressed titter into a “Leaving this learned theologian, I found a woman
tting upon a stone, with a basket of gooseberries by her lodgers, and two ladies on a visit. The vexations of the side, from which she had sold but three-halfpence- day and the embarrassments of a stranger were soon lost sirthing's worth since the preceding morning.
in the courtesy and flow of kindness manifested ; and I felt fa " • I have three children to feed,' said she, “and God as if seated at the dinner-table of an intelligent Now Eng. knows how I can do it; when they were babies around and family, where familiar friends had assembled. After my feet I c uld feed 'em, and put decent clothes on their dinner, the mother invited me to the garden, saying, bodies ; but now I can get no work.'
• We have made our arrangements for you to spend a “For a halfpenny she poured twice the valuo into my week with us, and if we did not wish it we should not ask bag, which I refused; when, with the tear in her eye, it; so this point is at once settled, and we will show you she said, “You would give more if you had it, and you what we can of our country and people. The kindness speak a kind word to the poor; and what's a handful of of this offer was greatly heightened, when I ascertained gooseberries?' 'Turning to the old men who were break- that the young gentleman who lodged with them had ing stones, I said to them, • You are aged, and how offered his room for my accommodation, and that he was much do you have for this labour ?'
to share the bed of the son of the mistress. * Sixpence-halfpenny a-day, ma'am.'
Reader, do you love domestic life, where plenty, ""• Is that all?'
order, and comfort reside? Then come to the garilen of "Ah! that is better than idieness,' said the younger, Ireland, the county of Wieklow, and I will introduce you and my wife gets a job now and then, which helps us a to a family where all these rare qualifications may be little.'
found. This widow had been the mother of eleven chilAfter Dublin, Miss Nicholson visited Tullamcre, and, dren; one had been drowned, and his monument, with as usual, examined the prison-house, and the poor-house, that of his father, was near the dwelling. A son was
living in New York, and two in Ireland, four daughters which were in good order.
were at home ; the youngest had made a choice for her“In the afternoon I visited the jail, a building, with its self, and was well settled near the family, in one of the appendages, including an acre and a half of land. It con- tidy cottages that adorn the parish, sliere Lord Wickie tained eighty-one prisoners ; seventeen had been that has lavished his good taste so profusely. Industry and ecomorning sent to Dublin for transportation. They were all nomy were happily blended in this family; the daughters, at work; some cracking stones, some making shoes, and unlike many in Ireland, with smaller incomes than ther, others tailoring or weaving. Their food is one pound of were not unacquainted with all that appertained to the stirabout and milk in the morning, and four pounds of good management of a house. Their plentiful board was potatoes for dinner. There are two hospitals, one for spread with wholesome food of their own preparing; and males, and the oth r for females. Tho drop where crimi- every apartment of the house testified to their handyrals are executed is in front ; four had suffered upon it work. The morning and evening prayer ascended from within the last two years.
the altar here ; and though not in a coordance with my “From the prison I went to the poor-house, which was own habits of extemporaneous prayer, yet never did I as. conducted on the same principle as that of Dublin ; but semble for the family devotion, but I felt on retiring that the funds were so low that but three liundred could be my heart had been warmed, and my resolutions strengthaccommodated, and multitud, s of the poor were suttering ened in serving my God. It may with propriety be upon the streets. A flourishing school was in operation, averred, that when the morning and evening prayer ara the specimens of writing doing honour to the teachers. offered in a family circle, that family is generally the abode The children are feil three times a day; they get at nog zin of peace and good order. of milk at each meal, with porridge in tho morning, po
“Give me the sweet abode, however humble, where tatoes at noon, and bread at night.”'
every child is taught to speak the name of God with re. The cabins may be poor but the prisons are always around the hallowed shrine of prayer and praise.
verence; where, morn and eve, the lowly knee is bent comfortalle. It becomes quite a treat for a peasant to The following morning the mother walked with me get into jail. But in the neighbourhod of Tullamore the to Arklow; and there', to my great joy, was my carpet lady found considerable comfort.
bag, left by the coachman on his return. I found that
my aged companion had not lived in rain; for beside The Amcrican pilgrimn next visited the county Wick-baring, after her husband's death, paid some hundreds of low, and we venture to say that a scene more fair she pounds of debts that were in arrears, she reared eleven would not meet from the mouth of the Mississipi to that children in habits of industry, educated them for gond of the Columbia. Years may pass ere we see again the society, and gave them all tolerable portions. She has a Wicklow mountains and all their wild scenery, even in her country, especially that part belonging to the days of
mind stored with interesting anecdote of the history of these days of steam and railways, but we may not forget ninety-eight. The poetry with which all the narrations the rosc-bound cottages and the prim nert villages, with of the Irish peasantry are mingled, makes an observing all the rich profusion of verdure round and round them, for they spontaneously breathe out many of his sentences,
listener willing to give them Ossian for their countryınan, that should bespeak a happy land.
without ever having known his book or bis nanie." Miss Nicholson's experience was similar. She found
There is a little more of the better class of Irish life in comfort in many Wicklow homes. Sure we are that she low places. also found warm hearts to share it with the stranger."
· When we left the tower, we risited the fishermen's "Following his guidance, I found myself at the gate. settlement on tho sea-shore. This consists of perhaps An open lano showed the placid soa, and the far-famed three hundr d huis of a squalid a pearance outside ; but meurtrins of Wicklow. Abont the door were roses, a on entering one of them we were happily disappointed, shrubbery, and lilies of the mostleautiful lind. I entered, for wo had a cordial welcome to a neaily white-washed so fartigued with the day's excursion, that I cared but room: the cupboards in the kitchen and little parlour little whether similes or frowns received me. A daughter were neatly arranged, and the bed neatly curtained. met me in the hall, and presenting her the letter from a This is quite common, even where the pig has a bed long absent brother, she insited me in. The mother was on a pile of straw in the coruer.” cailed, and though she gave me no Irish thousand welcomes, yet when she saw the letter from her son, and because it shows, under an orer-current of wrath, a
And we quote an angry mother's account of her child, heard the sad tale of my coach ride, the loss of my carpet bug, and my walk through quagmire and ditch to her
stratum of decent habits. house, she invited ne in to a well-furnish d table, with We entreated that she would allow us to speak to ever appendage of neatness and crder. 'he party con- the child, and finally succeeded, ile mother meanwhile sisted of tle mother, the clest son, Ernie vanntett, a taking an infant in her lap of eight weeks old, and giving Battio nice, a young lady and her brother, who were i spontaneous history of her family, interlarding it wich