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he may have possessed, and his incompetency and worth mental and picturesque in politics, who would never relessness are recorded in characters of blood upon the move a single abuse or grievance which could be made to whole length and breadth of his unhappy dominions.tell in a literary picture of society. Not that they themStill, our Indian government will never effectually selves are able to draw such a picture, but that they like interfere unless compelled.
There exist certain trea- to experience the sensations it is calculated to produce ties, we are told, every one of which we have kept, when delineated by others. They need, however, be and his Highness repeatedly broken. We are far under little apprehension on this score, for India will from advocating contempt of treatics—far from main continue to produce a prolific harvest of such things long taining the doctrine that we should do evil that good after they shall have been laid quietly in their graves. may come; but, in the present instanco, our case is What we now want to see, were it but as a novelty, is a clear, and unobstructed by any of those considerations faithful administration of justice throughout the Hydrawhich, at many other periods of our Indian history, have bad dominions, which would certainly be a process that rendered it doubtful whether we should or could proceed for some years to come, would astonish the natives, who in a certain direction. At present, there cannot among have hitherto regarded anything approaching to such a statesmen be two opinions. There are, we are aware, state of things as a fabulous invention of the poets. At certain gentlemen of thin, stapled intellect, who, even the same time, they have but to look across their own though they should recognise the necessity of superseding borders to see the thing actually realised in the Britisk the native governments in India, would lament the cir- provinces, though there, also, it would be quite practicable cumstance. These strange individuals are what may to effect numcrous improvements. very properly be denominated the lovers of the senti
THE ALLOTMENT SYSTEM-ITS BENEFITS AND ITS DEFECTS. The most pacific movement of agrarianism is a profitable account, as well as those of his wife that known under the name of the Allotinent and family. By giving him an interest in the System. The Gracchi, Caius and Tiberius, had soil, the extra labour it requires becomes interestno dream, in that old Rome of theirs, of such a ing to him. Thus is it, that the allotment system peaceful change. We are more pacific in all has commenced the practical solution of the difi. things, now than then. Our virtue and their cult problem of attractive industry. A rood of virtus have far different meanings. Social ame- land under this system has frequently produced lioration, moral reform, intellectual betterment, vegetables, furnishing wholesome food, enough peaceful progress, are the watchwords of the ad- for six months' consumption. Herein is a motive vocates of the allotment system. No one charges to labour, a stimulant to industry, an industrial them with a contemplation of agrarian outrage. school for the peasant's family. Nor is this all. They are not nicknamed the disciples of Spence. The benefits, individually considered, of the allot Yet, notwithstanding the allotment system is a ment system, have proved not only physical adnotion of agrarian reform, if it be but the shadow vantages, but also moral blessings. Master Idle of its shade. It is a surface to which there is an was ever the biggest thief at school. Industry is under-current, and that under-current is agrarian the church of virtue. The system of garden alright. The right to the land, a certain claim, lotments has employed the evenings of many who at least, to a certain portion of an acre, is deeply would otherwise hare resorted to the pot-house, felt by the working classes. Some of the other the pitch-halfpenny, or the skittle-ground. It has ranks, also, feel on their part, that there is a preserved many—it has reclaimed many. It has something of justice in this claim; that the la- not only filled the table, but also protected the bourer should have as his own some portion of soul. It has not only replenished the body, but the land on which he labours; that the peasant likewise moralised the mind. should be united to his country by an interest in In relation to the country at large, the benefits its soil. Their concession, therefore, is the allot- of the allotment system 'must be looked at paroment system, upon the benefits and defects of which chially. A better instance to the point than that we would say a few words.
of the parish of Cholesbury, brought forward oriThe undoubted benefits of the allotment system, ginally by Mr. Ferrand in his Bill for the Allotwhere it has been fairly carried out, claim our ment of Waste Lands, cannot be adduced. The first attention. The system of allotments has in- parish of Cholesbury, previous to the introduction creased the amount and quality of produce. The of the allotment system, was in a deplorable concrops it produces, with the aid of the spade and dition. The poor-rates consumed allits produce, and the manure of a cottage, are comparatively asto- the population was only kept from starvation by nishing. Its murphies are marvellous—its corn rates in aid from the neighbouring parishes. Some crowning. Its quarter of an acre of wheat, spade land, abandoned by the farmers, was divided into cultured, large in straw and full in ear, is a fine allotments among the labourers. Previous to this contrast to the plough-tilled, ten-acre field of the allotment in 1832, Cholesbury was almost exclufarmer. It has enlarged also the general stock sively a pauper parish. After this allotment in of labour expended on the soil. It has enabled 1842 it had not an able-bodied pauper in its parothe labourer to apply his own leisure moments to chial boundaries. In 1832 its land was valueless.
Now its average value is greater than that of the best source of authority, therefore, we may consurrounding parishes. In 1832 pauperage con- clude, that the difficulty of obtaining land for sumed the profit of all the land in the parish. allotments, and the shameful price fixed upon it, Now the poor maintain themselves and families when obtained, are great obstacles to the extenin comfort on only a portion of that land. In sion of the allotment system. 1832 the weekly winter expenditure in support of From these obstacles we turn to the defects in the poor averaged £5. Now it does not exceed the system itself. The most obvious of these is as many shillings per week. In 1832 the paupers the point of tenancy. Land to be assured a sufwere maintained by rates levied on other parishes. ficient cultivation should be held on a perpetual Now they contribute to the amount of one-eighth tenure. The long leases in Scotland, and the of the whole parochial expenditure. And, lastly, superiority of Scotch farming, support this view. no person, since the introduction of the allotment Guernsey and Jersey are more direct examples of system into the parish, has been convieted of any its benefits. Those islands, with small holdings, offence against the laws of the country. This under a perpetual, and almost inalienable tenure, comparison is most highly favourable. "Look display an agrarian prosperity elsewhere known. on that picture, and on this!" The simple facts Wheat crops of fifty bushels per aere, and twenty speak volumes.
tons of potatoes per acre, are there an ordinary Notwithstanding the decided success of the produce. The lowest rent in those islands is £5 allotment system in the parish quoted and in per statute acre. Their population exceeds 1100 many others, however, there are many and strong per square mile, while in England it is under 280. obstacles to the universality of that system, and There the ground is a garden, and pauperism and not a few defects in the system itself. Among crime almost unknown. The allotment system, the obstacles against its universality, we shall on the contrary, is connected with chance tenancy, confine ourselves to the difficulty of obtaining or with short leases. The interest of the labourer lands for its operation, and abstain from allusion is limited or fortuitous. He feels that the imto those that would bring us into conflict with provements of his labour, the hard sweating work prejudices, parties, and persons. That the diffi- of his leisure hours, the fruit of his extra toil, may culty of obtaining land is a great obstacle to the be transferred to another. IIis industry thus universality of the allotment system, we shall loses stimulus. He will work but for a temporary best prove by reference to the report of the select purpose. This is a great defect connected with Parliamentary committee, appointed to inquire tenancy under the allotment system. To render into the results of the allotment system, &c. industry attractive, to give security, confidence, That report says (page 3)—“ The desire of obtain and energy to labour, the tenure should be pering the tenancy of land appears to be universal petual, and the land inalienable. among the mechanics and artizans of manufac- The other main defect in the allotment system, turing towns and villages, as well as among the which we shall adduce, is its radical principle of inhabitants of rural districts ; but, in both cases, small holdings. That these have succeeded well the difficulty of procuring land has opposed a in the Channel Islands and in Tuscany, is owing continual obstacle to the gratification of this not so much to the plan of parcelment, as to the desire." Mr. James Orange, Secretary to the state of tenure and other circumstances there conNorthern and Midland Counties Labourers' nected with them. In France small farms are Friend Society, one of the witnesses, also states, deteriorating agriculture. Individual monopoly “ That in many places societies that were formed of land, in great quantities, is, indeed, much more for the purposes of holding allotments were un- to be dreaded ; but small holdings must ereryable to exist, on account of the impossibility of where divide the population, limit their efforts getting any land for the purpose. Beeston, and intercourse to a petty sphere, circumscribe Hyson Green, Lenton, Ratcliffe on Trent, Rad- their intellectual development, and functional ford, and Sneinton, were places where the variety, and deprive them of that power and prosocieties had been obliged to be given up, cause gress which congregation alone can give. The they could not procure land.” (Page 90.) Other allotment system offers no sphere for the desirable witnesses, more strongly, if possible, corroborated union of agriculture and manufactures. The adthis statement. Add to this, that the land rented vantages of sanitary reform, of draining, of venfor allotments is generally the dearest and worst tilation, of lighting, would be considerably lost piece in the parish. Its owner obtains much upon it. In fact a decision has to be made bemore from bis several poor allottees, than he tween the parcelled and the associative systems. would do from a rich individual tenant. The With the latter, the union of manufactures and report from which we have just quoted confirms agriculture would be possible. With the latter this. A witness states that, after one year of free the economics of unitary habitation, and the adoccupancy, he would have given £1 per acre for vantages of congregation, might be obtained. Dartford Heath, a stony soil, for allotments. With the former these benefits would be pracThe rector of Broad Somerford, in Wiltshire, ticable. We say then that undoubtedly the allotanother witness (page 16), stated that he let out ment system has been of considerable utility in 100 acres, of what appeared, from the examina- some parishes. We see, however, great obstacles tion, to be marsh land, formerly yielding only to its extension, and also weighty defects in its £00 per annum, under the allotment system, at system, as a general plan of social reform. These 3os. per acre, or £175 per annum! From the l obstacles, however, would be overcome by the united capital and joint-stock enterprize of the chased, inalienable farms, with a union of manuassociative plan, and these defects would be re- factures and agriculture, and all the benefits of medied by the system of association. Our con- the allotment system will be obtained, its obstacles clusion is locate the people upon the land, not in overcome, and its defects remedied. allotments but in an associative way, on pur
NATIONAL EDUCATION. very considerable expense.
And how is this expense to
be met? Mr. Stow admits that the subscriptions of the BY DAVID STOW, ESQ.
people will not accomplish this, and considers the assisLondon: J. Hutchard & Son.
tance of the State absolutely necessary. On this point he The writer of this pamphlet is a gentleman who has says :-“We have always advocated large Government long taken a very lively interest in the important cause of grants for the moral and intellectual training of the young, Education. For the last thirty years, he has been engaged knowing that otherwise the people would never educato in Glasgow, in founding and maturing that system of themselves, and that the private subscriptions of tho education which is advocated, and recommended to public wealthy would fail in providing the requisite funds for that notice in this tract. After so long and intimate a con- purpose. Let all good men, of every truly Christian sect nexion with one of our most celebrated educational insti- and party, now heartily unite in the effort of rendering tutions, anything, on the subject of education, from the the people of this nation, not merely the greatest, but pen of Mr. Stow, cannot fail to have its due weight, and the best-the most moral—the most intelligent—tho secure the attention of those who take an interest in this most pious in the world. Let our strength lie, not only vital question.
in our fleets and armies, and mechanical powers, but in an We state the object of the author in his own words :- intelligent, a moral, a religious, and, therefore, a prospeit is “ to show that, while great improvements have been rous and happy people. Let us show to Government that made in education of late years, still the wants and con- we can realise all the money it requires of us, and, by the dition of the people are not yet met by a system fitted to prudence of the expenditure, lay claim to further and elevate them morally and intellectually, and more particu- much larger sums.” larly to meet the condition of the youth of large towns." After explaining and illustrating, at some length, the It is “ to prove that teaching is not training—that the training system, Mr. Stow next occupies a considerablo education of the 'child' consists not merely in instruct space in noticing the principal systems of education at ing or teaching his head—that intellectual training is not present in existence-pointing out both their excellencies necessarily moral, although moral training cannot be con- and defects, which we certainly think he has done in a ducted without its being at the same time intellectual - very fair and judicious manner. Notice is taken of the that the cultivation of the whole man,' or the child,' “Old Rote” system, of the Scottish Parochial school must include the exercise of the affections, as well as the system, of the Prussian system, of the Infant school physical habits—that the understanding must be culti- system, of the Borough Road, or British and Foreign vated, and the whole based on the unalterable will and school system, of the National school system of England, law of God, as contained in the Scriptures of truth.” of the Irish system of education, of the Intellectual
The system, then, recommended by Mr. Stow, is that system, of Normal seminaries for preparing teachers and known by the name of the Training system-a name de trainers. rived from the words of Scripture, “ Train up a child in At the end of the pamphlet, the reader will find an the way he should go,” &c. Education, he considers Appendix, containing several valuablo papers and stato imply, not merely instruction, but chiefly training, or tistics relating to the subject of education. the formation of right habits in the youthful mind.
Mr. Stow deserves all praise for his unwearied and disIn order to work out successfully the training system, interested exertions in behalf of education, in the time two things the author considers to be essentially neces- that is past, and, by the publication of this judicious sary—the training school premises, and the trained mas- and seasonable pamphlet, the public owe him a still ter. Regarding the former he says :-" In education, as greater debt of gratitude. The system he recommends hitherto conducted in school, even under the most highly we consider to be admirable, and much needed, especially intellectual system, we have had instruction, and not for the thousands and tens of thousands of young people training. Schools are not so constructed as to enable the in our large towns, who, it is to be feared, are totally child to be superintended—the master has not the oppor- neglected by their parents, and who, therefore, must retunity of training, except under the unnatural restraint ceive all their moral training in such institutions as those of a covered school-room; and it is imagined, or, at least, established by Mr. Stow. It is a system, too, that has stated, that children are morally trained without their be- been tried tried for many years, and proved successful. ing placed in circumstances where their moral dispositions With most of the sentiments and statements in this exand habits may be developed and oultivated, as if it were cellent and sensible tract, we cordially agree, and recompossible to train a bird to fly in a cage, or a race-horse to mend it to all who take an interest in the cause of educarun in a stable."
tion. It will be found to repay a careful and attentive The machinery thus required must be attended with perusal,
fore be had turned marriage fairly over in his mind, and BY J. 8. KNOWLES.
when he half thought of adopting her as a sisterThree volumes, London : Edward Moxon. when it was a divided case between the two relationWo had this norel put into our hands some iime since ships—for Lovell was a perfectly honourable person-he as we were leaving London. It is a weary thing to tra- displayed no little judgment in the course of studies that vel at night by railway; the lights in the carriages burn he suggested. We shall copy the catalogue of the small badly, and are not designed to make reading agreeable, library which was to be handed to his future wife :On this particular journey, we were seated opposite a “ His first visit was to a bookseller's. There he purFrenchman, from some of the manufacturing towns in his chased a small bible and prayer-book, handsomely, though
not ostentatiously, bound; a pocket copy of Shakespeare; country, who was desirous of knowing the name, history that loveable novel, the Vicar of Wakefield-in interest, and character of everything between London and Liver moral, nature, and genius, the first of all the class-an pool, and who seemed to mistake us for Mr. Brad- extraordinary work! transcendant merit, not unlikely to shaw. Civility to strangers is, however, one of those be overlooked by nine-tenths of the world, because it is virtues that must be practised in the present day, the works of reputed greater authors are dreams ! truth
so unpretending! palpability, in comparison with which when one knows not how soon he may be in return fulness in romance ! situations, incidents, reflections that thrown into a strange land, and we were only able to bear homewards, that take us to our hearths, and fix us to improve our acquaintance with George Lovell at such there, keeping our finest, dearest, most sacred feelings. moments as the zeal for useful knowledge manifested by est novel and the gravest tract ! man and his Creator !
astir! thrilling or gushing as we read! at once the sweetthe silk manufacturer from Lyons would permit. The “ To the Vicarot Wakefield he added the Seasons; Campresult of his inquisitiveness was, that we were kept out
bell's elegant Gertrude of Wyoming, with his imperishof bed to three or four that morning, before the volumes able gems of minor poems appended his masterpieces ;
tho Death of Abel; Paul and Virginia ; the History of commenced in London were finished in Liverpool. We Charles the Twelfth, in the original; a French Grammar have not seen any work of a similar kind more thoroughly and Dictionary; a compendium of English, Scotch, and unexceptionable. The story of the novel is of modern Irish history. Such was the portable library which he date, and it relates, of course, to the state of society at designed for Phæbe's use." the present day. Lovell is a commercial traveller, acting Phæbe had, however, read a few books before that for his father, young, inexperienced, but of good prin- time ; and she had learned French in the following ciples. Ilis father is desirous that he should marry early; strange fashion :and, like many other old gentlemen, imagined that he " • And what have you read?' could save time and trouble to his son in doing for him ". The Pilgrim's Progress, sir, Robinson Crusoe, the what people always like to do for themselves. Accord - Book of Martyrs, the History of England, Paradise Lost,
and Telemaqué.' ingly, he proposed that the young gentleman should
"• Telemaqué!' exclaimed Lorell,
" What! can you marry the daughter of a neighbouring merchant in Corn- read French? hill or Cheapside. Mr. Lovell, junior, never having had “I read Telemaqué, sir, since I went to London. his affections engaged in one way or another, was quite A young Frenchwoman in the establishment taught me.
I have read the whole of it, and was half through it, indifferent to the subject, and appeared to have no more
for the second time, when the perfidy of my mistressobjections to marry a wife than to engage a clerk on his which the good French girl discovered and disclosed to father's reco mendation. In pursuing his journey north- me-obliged me to leave my situation. She was a very wards, however, young Lovell got enamoured of an out- kind-hearted creature, sir, and, but for her assistance, I
don't know how I should have managed. She changed side passenger, in a snowy morning, who was in humble several coins of her country, which she happened to have circumstances, and unablo to pay for an inside seat. His by her, into our money, to enable me to come here. She first act of civility was to give up his own warm corner for was what they call a Hugenot. A reverse of fortune the stranger's sake. The story of their attachment is quite had brought her parents and her to England. They as full of romance as anything of the kind can be in the speak against French women, sir, but, I am sure, à
purer minded, kinder hearted creature, than she was, days of mail coaches. There was a duel—a great deal
ncver existed.' of libertine persecution of the lady by aristocratic vagi- “ 'Ilow long were you in that establishment ?' bonds-a vast number of difficulties and dangerous cir
" • Four years, sir.'
" • And how old were you when you went to it?' cumstances; but, finally, the " seamstress," who was
Rather more than twelve.' mct by Lovell, while flying without a name from the Why, then, you are only sixteen!' persccutions of a clerical and a titled blackguard, was
" • And about a month over, sir.'” discovered to be the daughter of an old friend of the But Phæbe, although she could read both English and Lovell family, and ererything went on remarkably well. French, could not write, and we quote the reason wby, We do not think the plot of the story so nicely managed especially as we thoroughly sympathiso in all that relates as the matter hung on it. It is a very good plot, but to to Rowland Hill:say the truth-the moral reflections—the exposure of the
««•One minute longer, Phæbe : we must be prepared world's ways—and the manner in which this is done-are at once against accidents. Something may separate us, all better. To the credit of old Mr. Lovell, by the though I see no likelihood of such an occurrence at precounselling of old Mrs. Lovell, he became a warm
It is best to leave as little as we can to chance. friend of the marriage, not only before his daughter. responding with me.' Here Phæbe's countenance be
I must give you my address, and arrange about your corin-law's family were known, but when she was sup-came su ideuly overcast. You will correspond with me, posed to be the daughter of a felon, liable to be hung Phobe?' inquired Lovell, inferring that she hesitated.
• You will write to me?' for forgery. Mr. and Mrs. Lovell the older are the
“ The sweet girl hung her head, and shook it despondgreatest characters of the book. But when their son be- ingly. gan t provide for the education of his protege, just be- "• What! exclaimed Lovell, in astonishment. . 'Do
you withhold the first proof of confidence that I require their due reward, or be content to go without it. The of you—for I must require it—it is necessary.'
debts that are due to them are seldom, if ever, discharged "A tear glistened upon the full lid, that half veiled spontaneously." her downcast eye. .." My girl ?-my good and candid girl ! exclaimed but Phæbe soon learned to write when a case of neces
This is a strange story, though such things may be true ; Lovell, · what is the meaning of this ?'
“I scarcely know how to write, sir. I never learned,' sity arose. Mr. Lovell, jun., sometimes had evil was at last the admission of the now weeping Phæbe. counsellors. Ile was wounded in a duel undertaken "What! you have learned to read, and you never
on account of Phæbe, who was residing in the inn learned to wrice!' “• I had no occasion, sir ; I had no one to write to,'
where he lodged. The fighting of duels is one of was her innocent explanation. “I might have written, those brutal, though once fashionable, practices conto be sure, to the friend I informed you of; and I often demned by Mr. Knowles. The surgeon, who attended thought of trying what I could do, but the expense of a
Mr. Lovell, was by no means high in morals, and he supletter, sir--I received nothing besides my board.'
" And is there to be no statue to you, Rowland Bill? posed that the attachment was not one likely to end in Do marble and bronze on every hand anticipate, with marriage. So thus he counselled his invalided patient : impatient honours, the rewards of posterity for a hero,
“ The surgeon was not the very best companion for the who, through the sinews of a hundred thousand warriors,
He wa' more of a and with the aid of captainship, hardly inferior to his young man at such a moment. own, on every side of him, has won a host of fields; and vonuptuary than exactly consisted with either his years or is there no mould or chisel for you? You who have filled morals. It is an odious union! Profligacy with a sanc
bis profession. Defend us from grey hairs and free up the pernicious gulph which poverty and distance in
tion. One such character is a more prolific sourco of terpose between man, and the best cherisher of his affec- contamination to youth than the society of a dozen nowtions and virtues—his home! Poor artisans !--by whose fledged profligates. In the latter case there is no warfast wasting and disproportionably renewed vigour the
rant for folly : in the former it appears to be justified. manufacturer grows fat and sleek, enlarges his little lawn
"He talkedabout indiscretions that are venial---desires, into a domain of miles, and his country-box into a palace which, although it might seem criminal to indulge, it -heed not now though you should be obliged to send your children from you far, far, to seek for better fortune incident to the wisest and best of men—irregularities,
was, at the same time, unnatural to mortify-weakness at less toil. Without stinting a meal, you can talk to inseparable from the freshness and glow of youth-oppor, them when you please ; learn how it fares with them ! tunities which it was not to be expected that flesh and counsel thein, encourage them; comfort them when they blood could resist-in short, worked our hero up into a need it ; keep them still upon their guard, beset if they determination to set at rest that very night all doubt and should be with knavery or lust-almost as though they surmise, by obtaining an interview with the object who were still within the range of the paternal eye. Abstracted from the millions of the land, what a sorry re
had supplied so striking an incident in the business of the
evening; and then left him with a congratulatory shake mainder wouid you leave! What were the land without of the hand, assuring him that he esteemed himself most you? If you are the base of the society, how broad is happy in having found out the cause, as he believed, of ihat baso ! of what moment that it should be sound ; his patient's protracted recovery, and at the same time Rowland Hill has found out the secret of rondering it so, suggested the remedy, that would insure acceleration." and for preserring it so.
“ The Revenue! Pounds, shillings, and pence? Dross! Such was the surgcon's morality. Next we give that of Sct a sum upon the domestic tie !
an intended clergyman-and it certainly is not better ; “ And there is no monument for you, Rowland Hill ? They wished you a kind good morning at the General though neither the medical nor the clerical portraitures Post-office! Justice! But it was politely done. There
want originals in the world :is nothing for you, or next to nothing -a mighty spirit of “Well sir; I entered college. My abilities obtaingratitude !-sprinkle of a few thousands of pounds! when ed me a tuition, and that tuition insures me indepenthe tithe of a million might have been raised for you in dence. I have abandoned the idea of entering the church, mere penny beads, and not the pocket of a contributing as the calling does not exactly square with my notions of errand-boy perceptibly the lighter! But there was no- enjoyment. A far better prospect has been opened to me thing flashy, Rowland Ilill, about your achievement! It by my friend. His father is on liis last legs. In the cost neither treasure, nor blood and sweat!
course of a year or two, the son will certainly step into his announced by no brawling of Gazettes !- it was celebrated shoes, and so necessary have I made myself to him, that by no public rejoicings—the blustering of cannon, fire- the moment he does so, I may regard myself as the agent works, illuminations. It shook not the world with the for the whole of his estate ; preparatorily to which I have struggles of its mighty birth, though for ages it will do latterly turned my attention to the law, sir. I might have what it hath already done-worlds of good. It came taken orders and entered the church with advantage, as upon us as softly as a sheet of French letter-paper falls to my friend has a living in his gift, which, in the course of the ground, not making any noise at all.
things must shortly become vacant, the present incum“Never, dear Rowland Hill--we use the epithet in bent having already lived to an unusually advanced age ; hearty earnest-never was public testimonial botched but the living, sir, only brings in a poor thousand a-year, and bungled so lamentably as yours! Thoughtlessness, subject to reduction from the necessity of maintaining a apathy, and stupidity, must have foisted themselves upon curate, as what rector would be tied to his flock from your friends, as the promoters of it. There onght to year's-end to year's end, when by sacrificing a tithe of his have been arranged a simultaneous demonstration of income, he can transfsr the better half of his duties if not thanks to you, in every city, town, village, and bamlet indeed the whole of them, to the charge of another ? But throughout the United Kingdom! If we have heard the agency, sir, will be twice as productive, upon the very aright, the compliment cost something short of twenty lowest calculation ; so that, as you must perceive, there thousand. Why, London alone might have paid the shot is no comparison whatsoever between the relative eligibilfor the rest of the empire, without doing anything to ity of the two speculations.' wag its head for, after all! But, Rowland Hill, we fear • Religion a speculation !' thought Lovell. you want the knack. You may have the talent, the plan of the Godhead, for the redemption of man, perverted benevolenco, the patriotism, to plan and suggest a benefit, into a scheme for mere worldly speculation!' perhaps one of the most important that the country "" • Yes, sir,' resumed the agent presumptive, ‘my ever received from the services of a single man; but we friend could never do without me. At this very moment suspect you lack the cunning to know that patriotism, he is playing a game, in which, without my assistance, the benevolence, and talents, must either directly or indi-odds are a hundred to one that he would have been derectly bestir themsclves, and thoroughly too, to secure | feated. He is not sure of it even now, sir.'