Puslapio vaizdai

Nothing can be more evident than that if the labour- | not be foolish to have done once and for ever with their ers at railways, at iron works, and other establishments, intermeddling. whose wages have been enhanced, in consequence of the ed with seeking Government intervention. Nothing can be

Those who require a change in the currency laws are tauntnew lines, were to live soberly, and put the balance of more false. The Voluntaries in religion might be with equal their earnings into the savings bank instead of the whisky propriety accused of seeking Government interference shops no harm could come to the country by the opera- with creeds and doctrines ; because they invite Parliament tion. Instead of funds being low in price they would be to repeal some of its own acts. The opponents of the high. Whenever a capitalist wanted to sell consols to existing currency laws do precisely the same thing. pay his calls the Government broker would be ready to They invoke not more, but less, government interference. buy on account of the savings banks, or the building so. They allege that the government are to a large extent cieties, the benefit societies, and the various clubs woull trespassers on ground not their own; but the invitation cheerfully pay for his stock. The consideration shows how to walk off is certainly not to be construed as a message intimately the prosperity of this country is dependent with compliments, and the request of the parties conupon the morality of the labouring classes.

cerned, that they would re-create themselves there, whenSorr.e parties allege that railways were very com- ever their convenience served. mendable up to a certain extent, and so long as the share- Sir Robert Peel, by his act of 1844, limited the circıholders could pay the calls from the savings of their in-lation of the Bank of England to £14,000,000, on a basis comes ; but whenever they began to borrow money for of government securities, which is its fixed issue.

The the purpose of meeting calls, they raised the rate of in- Bank may issue notes to any extent above that sum, but terest, interfered with the ordinary pursuits of com- the currency must be based on gold. For every million merce, and have done thus all the mischief that has been of notes that it issues, it must have a million of soveaccomplished. This argument inay or may not be incorrect reigns, or an equivalent to them in gold and silver on in its result, but it is inaccurate in its statements and hand. Sir Robert Peel himself acknowledges that bulsuppositions. If railways be made at all, they must be lion currency is most expensive. There is—first, all its formed by the savings of some persons. If the sharehold amount of capital sunk, and rendered into not fixed, but ers borrow money to pay the calls, they must borrow from retrograiling capital. Then, second, there are two prothe savings of some individuals. So far as the country is cesses of retrogression, for gold wears, and gold is lost, concerned, it matters nothing whether they are working lost or destroyed to the country, which never is or can bo on their own savings or those of others, for there is no the case with a paper currency:

The result of necessity other source of accumulation except economy.

that money is made dear, and labour or profit is proporThen the effect of their proceedings on the rate of in- tionately reduced ; while capitalists, whose trade is excluterest must have been the same, whether the shareholders sively to lend money on tangible and mortgaged, or used their own property or borrowed money. If a man saves pawned securities, prosper. money and does not put it out on railways he will expend The classes who lose by this arrangement are very or invest it in something else. If he saves without in numerous, because whenever bankers foresee a run for vesting he will be able to lend. And if many persons who gold to export, they contract discounts, and raise the price have been thus saving and lending continue to save but of money. In the struggle to stand upright, the middle begin to invest, their accumulations are withdrawn from classes waste their strength. They cast away their prothe lending market, and the result is the same on the perty below its value ; and thoso who watch and wait for value of money, as if they had borrowed a sum similar the wrecks of society pick it up. The tendency of the to that which they expend.

present currency law is therefore to repress the middle It is useless, therefore, to complicate the question by classes for the profit of wealthy men, who are no engaged saying that while calls were paid from the accumulations in industrial pursuits. of the shareholders, the railways were not injurious, Here, howerer, as in all similar cases, the evil sinks but are rendered prejudicial whenever these calls downwards to the lowest depths. Most undoubtedly, are paid by borrowed money. The result on the money mills have been stopped in Lancashire aud Lanarkshire, market, by either mode of transacting the business, or wrought on short time, not merely for want of orders, would be the same.

but because orders that were not to be paid in cash, or in If the expenditure on railways were to be taken as one very short bills, could not be executed, for the bills were course of the prevalent scarcity of money, still it could not negotiable, or could have only been cashed at a price not account for the vast depreciation in almost every de- which would have swept away much more than profits. scription of property that is now experienced. Adding In the humblest places that can be called homes, the expenditure on railways of the last two years to the where wasted strength was planning how a high exextra outlay for grain from foreign countries since har-penditure could be made to square with a low income, Sır vest, a sum considerably under forty-five millions ster- Robert Peel's acts came in and carried the earnings altoling will be produced. This vast sum does not account gether away. The mill was stopped. The spindles stood for depreciation of property equivalent to from one hun- still. A long holiday of starvation was secured. To dred and fifty to five hundred millions. There is no com- maintain it, the home was emptied into the pawnshop : parison between the presumed cause and the ascertained and such deep losses incurred, as a good harvest and result; but we have already shown, so far as the country twelvemonthis busy work will scarcely retrieve. But if and its financial arrangements are concerned, that the the poor sunk, wealthier capitalits prospered, and trade to only part of railway expenditure that could have materi- them, amidst ruins, is a money-making process. ally effected them is that small portion which the labour- The apology for Sir Robert Peel's adoption of what ers may expend on foreign products, over and above the he calls the most expensive currency, is to secure the consums which, in more straitened circumstances, would be vertibility of paper currency. Does it make that sedevoted by them to that purpose.

cure? Most certainly not. The Bank of England has To save this small sum--for that is all the saving-fourteen millions of a fixed currency that is unbacked by the Legislature has been invited to suspend all railway gold. The other banks in England, Scotland, and Ireworks, although, in that case, the labourers and their land have a considerable currency in the same position. families must come on the poor rates, and be supported It is quite possible that all bullion might be drawn down for doing nothing. This plan of economising would be to these points, and where is the convertibility ? ruinously extravagant.

Bankers must risk that matter. They promise to pay We have already seen that Sir Robert Peel's bills did in bullion when required; but people do not take their not, in point of fact, stop speculation. We may also deny notes on account of that promise. They pass current that the Government acts wisely in endeavouring to in- because they represent solid property ; because they are termeddle with business. It is not likely that the Mem-parts of houses, of lands, of ships ; and because they are bers of the Cabinet will generally have much practical ac- fragments of the national debt. quaintance with commercial affairs ; and the country has The proper cure for these matters is to revert to the been often so well nigh ruined by theorists, that it would Scotch system of banking before 1815, and extend its provisions to England. It is notorious that this scheme Catholic emancipation. In conversation, Mr O'Connell wronght well. The currency commanded the utmost himself gave a satisfactory explanation of the matter. confidence. All classes were satisfied with its soundness. “A man has energy," he said, “and his circumstances The excellence of the system was strikingly manifested determine the use he is to make of it.” “ There is a by the fact, that a small circulation was inade to do a dumb war," he used to say, “always going on in large business. There were no failures to pay—there | Ireland.” Ho had energy and he gave it to the cause of was no repudiation-no broken faith with the public-no his race and his religion. The war did not make the inconvenience experienced--and there should have been energy, which unquestionably made itself powerfully felt no legislative intermeddling.

in the battle and in the victory. There is always work There could be no difficulty in requiring bankers to to be done demanding the greatest energy, and it waits found so much of their circulation on Government secu- until the strong man rises to do it. rities ; although, where the Companies are numerous, Never perhaps has any man lived and acted whose life such provisions are superfluous. Still they can effect has equalled that of Daniel O'Connell in consistency of eril; and the result is, that the country has so far as agitation. If this be a virtue, he is the perfection of it. that portion of the currency extends a circulation Though the horrors of the French Revolution almost managed without any expenre.

made him a Tory when a boy, ils soon as he made up his The adoption of this system in England would be mind in early manhood his opinions and purposes at equivalent to an addition of £20,000,000 to the flecting twenty-five were very nearly what they were at seventy. capit-"the small charge, as it has not been ina ptly We have somewhere seen in one extract, the earliest extermed, of the country.

pressions of his mind forty years ago, a list of the reforms We know there is a fecling in its favour in Lancashire he pledged himself to effect. There was no mincing and the manufacturing districts. It would not unduiy modesty or timidity in this list. He said,

support me depreciate the value of money. It wuld carry the coun- and I will do them." " The Parliament in College Green” try away from the verge of bankrupicy. It would form, was a late promise which every now and then was modiin a present and temporary relief, a large and iinportant fied by an “or"'-“Repeal or justice for Ireland.” and permanent benefit.

Writers who make much of the ditferences of race-a One-half or one-fourth of the energy which repealed theme about which there is much nonsense in voguethe Corn-law would revoke the Currency-law, and ac- will be pleased to explain why this chief of the Celiscomplish, at least, an equal triumph.

the Irish Celts—the mercurial, impracticable, versatile, talkativc, unsteady Celts--has been for five-and-forty years

a leading politician in the three kingdoms. The Saxon Daniel O'Coxseli died at Genoa on Saturday the 15th drifting iceberg, the half-Scotch half-English Brougham

Peci bas been a teetotum, the Anglo-Irish Wellesley a instant. He had reached the allotted threescore and ten years, and passed them by three to four years. When

a“ Will-o'-the-wisp' compared with this doggish, steady, the Irish people shall be recounting to their children in

obstinate Celt, O'Connell. Ilis principles and purposes, future generations the dire calamities of the year of fa-liis views and aims, and all his modes of carrying them mine, they will not omit the crown (in their estimate) of out, have been the same for half a century. The greatest them all-the death of the Liberator.

example of the Saxon qualities of steadiness and practicarecords the character which shall finally prevail respecting displays itself in the splendour of the eloquence of Burke, There will be many disputes, before the page of history lity in these days has been this great Celt. O'Connell had

none of the imaginative genius of the Anglo-Irish, which this man, the greatest political personage of these times.

Mr. O'Connell used to say he was the best abuscá Curran, Grattan, and Shiel. Compared with theirs, his man in Europe.” This was true; and a truth signifi- second-hand. He convulsed his audience at Covent Garden

was the eloquence of business. Llis rhetoric was all cant of his importance in Europe. Since Napoleon, he has had no equal in the political power which he lias wielded by describing the Corn-Law Dukes as fellows whose shaPeople do not abuse a man without a purpose; and the

dows were afraid to follow them. O'Connell, we said, amount of abuse may, therefore, be the measure of fear can produce a good and witty joke of his own, when a of the assailants for their interests. O'Connell effected a

friend interrupted us, saying. It is taken from Hudirevolution in Ireland; and the signs of it were manifest bras, whose couplet isin his own history, within the last twenty years. We re

* A man he was so ghastly and so grm, member when the forms of the constitution would not

His very shadow feared to follow him.' permit him to take his seat as a simple member of 'There was no original Irish wit in this greatest of the parliament. We knew him when, as the chief of a Irish. O'Connell had Saxon steadiness, and was desticompact band of from forty to sixty members of the tute of Irish fancy; and to this curious fact must be House of Commons, exercising the dominancy of a ascribed the consequence that, while the florid orators of superior will and intellect over his inferiors. In mind Ireland were weak and beautiful as Hags on a ship of and purpose, he was the most powerful man in Bri- war, he was powerful and terrible as the guns within her tish affairs—the master successively of the Melbourne port-holes. and the Russell cabinets. Merle D'Aubigne says, the O'Connell was the most kingly man of these days. only man of these times like Martin Luther, in the power His crown was indeed a cap, but his power was not cerehe wielded, was Daniel O'Connell; he was constantly monial but real. He was the hero of his countrymen. acting on public opinion, by his pen and tongue, by letters In the eyes of the Liberals of Europe he was the august and speeches, as a journalist and an orator. But Luther voice of an oppressed nation. Roman Catholic Europe was never master of cabinets, and never, therefore, the revered him as the sainted champion of religion. most powerful personality concerned in the government We might have given a detailed narrative of the life of an empire. Of course, there is a difference between of this extraordinary man; but so far as this can be the greatness of a man's qualities, and the goodness of accomplished in limited space, it has been done, and well his position. There may bare been a concurrence of cir- done, in the daily press. cumstances which gave his greatness to O'Connell, but To enter more minutely on bis history, which is the weakest theory we have seen of it, is the one which Ireland's history, is unnecessary with the knowledge that refers it to the obstinacy of George the III. on refusing his biography will be written by his son.


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Let us suppose Kate placed in a warm bed. , rushed upon his sensibilities as the door opened! Let us suppose her in a few hours recovering Do not expect me to describe her, for which, howsteady consciousness ; in a few days recovering ever, there are materials extant, sleeping in arsome power of self-support ; in a fortnight able chives, where they have slept for two hundred to seek the gay saloon, where the Senora was and twenty years. It is enough that she is resitting alone, and rendering thanks, with that ported to have united the stately tread of Andadeep sincerity which ever characterised our wild-lusian women with the innocent voluptuousness of hearted Kate, for the critical services received Peruvian eyes. As to her complexion and figure, from that lady and her establishment.

be it known that Juana's father was a gentleman This lady, a widow, was what the French call from Grenada, having in his veins the grandest a métisse, the Spaniards a mestizza ; that is, the blood of all this earth, blood of Goths and Vandals, daughter of a genuine Spaniard, and an Indian tainted (for which Heaven be thanked !) twice over mother. I shall call her simply a creole, * which with blood of Arabs-once through Moors, once will indicate her want of pure Spanish blood suf-through Jews ;* whilst from her grandmother ficiently to explain her deference for those who Juana drew the deep subtle melancholy and the had it. She was a kind, liberal woman ; rich beautiful contours of limb which belong to the rather more than needed where there were no Indian race—a race destined silently and slowly opera boxes to rent-a widow about fifty years old to fade from the earth. No awkwardness was or in the wicked world's account, some forty-four in could be in this antelope, when gliding with forest her own ; and happy, above all, in the possession grace into the room—no town-bred shameof a most lovely daughter, whom even the wicked nothing but the unaffected pleasure of one who world did not accuse of more than sixteen years. wishes to speak a fervent welcome, but knows not This daughter, Juana, was --- But stop-let her if she ought-the astonishment of a Miranda, open the door of the saloon in which the Senora bred in utter solitude, when first beholding a and the cornet are conversing, and speak for her- princely Ferdinand—and just so much reserve self. She did so, after an hour had passed ; as to remind you, that if Catalina thought which length of time, to her that never had any fit to dissemble her sex, she did not.

And conbusiness whatever in her innocent life, seemed sider, reader, if you look back and are a great sufficient to settle the business of the old world arithmetician, that whilst the Senora had only and the new. Had Pietro Diaz (as Catalina now fifty per cent.of Spanish blood, Juana had seventycalled herself) been really a Peter, and not a sham five ; so that her Indian melancholy after all was Peter, what a vision of loveliness would have swallowed up for the present by her Vandal, by * “ Creole" :- At that time the infusion of negro or

her Arab, by her Spanish fire. African blood was small. Consequently none of the negro

Catalina, seared as she was by the world, has hideousness was diffused. After these intercomplexities left it evident in her memoirs that she was touched had arisen between all complications of descent from three original strands, European, American, African, the

more than she wished to be by this innocent child. distinctions of social consideration founded on them bred names so many, that a court calendar was necessary to * It is well known, that the very reason why the keep you from blundering. As yet, the varieties were Spanish of all nations became the most gloomily jealous few. Meantime, the word creole has always been mis- of a Jewish cross in the pedigree, was because, until toe applied in our English colonies to a person (though vigilance of the Church rose into ferocity, in no uation was of strictly European blood) simply because born in the such a cross so common. The hatred of fear is ever the West Indies. In this English use, it expresses the same deepest. And men hated the Jewish taint, as once in Je. difference as the Romans indicated by Hispanus and rusalem they hated the leprosy, because even whilst they Hispanicus. The first meant a person of Spanish blood, raved against it, the secret proofs of it might be detected a native of Spain; the second, a Roman born in Spain. amongst their own kindred, even as in the Temple, whilst So of Germanus and Germanicus, Italus and Italicus, once a king rose in mutiny against the priesthood, (Chron. Anglus and Anglicus, &c.; an important distinction, on ii. 26) suddenly the leprosy that dethroned Lim, blazed which see Casaubon apud Scriptores. Hist. Augustan, out upon his forehead.



Juana formed a brief lull for Catalina in her too firmed Juana's notion that the business of two stormy existence. And if for her in this life the worlds could be transacted in an hour, by settling sweet reality of a sister had been possible, here her daughter's future happiness in exactly twenty was the sister she would have chosen. On the minutes. The poor, weak Catalina, not acting other hand, what might Juana think of the now in any spirit of recklessness, grieving sincornet ? To have been thrown upon the kind cerely for the gulph that was opening before her, hospitalities of her native home, to have been and yet shrinking effeminately from the morescued by her mother's servants from that fear- mentary shock that would be inflicted by a firm ful death which, lying but a few miles off, had adherence to her duty, clinging to the anodyne filled her nursery with traditionary tragedies,- of a short delay, allowed herself to be installed as that was sufficient to create an interest in the the lover of Juana. Considerations of convenience, stranger. But his bold martial demeanour, his however, postponed the marriage. It was requiyet youthful style of beauty, his frank manners, site to make various purchases ; and for this, it his animated conversation that reported a hundred was requisite to visit Tucuman, where, also, the contests with suffering and peril, wakened for the marriage ceremony could be performed with more first time her admiration. Men she had never circumstantial splendour. To Tucuman, thereseen before, except menial servants, or a casual fore, after some weeks' interval, the whole party priest. But here was a gentleman, young like repaired. And at Tucuman it was that the traherself, that rode in the cavalry of Spain—that gical events arosc, which, whilst interrupting carried the banner of the only potentate whom such a mockery for ever, left the poor Juana still Peruvians knew of—the King of the Spains and happily deceived, and never believing for a mothe Indies—that had doubled Cape-Horn, that ment that hers was a rejected or a deluded heart. had crossed the Andes, that had suffered ship- One reporter of Mr. De Ferrer's narrative wreck, that had rocked upon fifty storms, and forgets his usual generosity, when he says that had wrestled for life through fifty battles. the Senora's gift of her daughter to the Al

The reader knows all that followed. The sis- férez was not quite so disinterested as it seemed terly love which Catalina did really feel for this to be. Certainly it was not so disinterested as young mountaineer was inevitably misconstrued. European ignorance might fancy it : but it was Embarrassed, but not able, from sincere affection, quite as much so as it ought to have been, in or almost in bare propriety, to refuse such ex- balancing the interests of a child.

Very true it pressions of feeling as corresponded to the artless is--that, being a genuine Spaniard, who was still and involuntary kindnesses of the ingenuous a rare creature in so vast a world as Peru, being a Juana, one day the cornet was surprised by mamma Spartan amongst Helots, an Englishman amongst in the act of encircling her daughter's waist with Savages, an Alférez would in those days have been his martial arm, although waltzing was premature a natural noble. His alliance created honour by at least two centuries in Peru. She taxed him for his wife and for his descendants. Something, instantly with dishonourably abusing her confi- therefore, the cornet would add to the family condence. The cornet made but a bad defence. He sideration. But, instead of selfishness, it argued muttered something about “ fraternal affection,” just regard for her daughter's interest to build about "esteem," and a great deal of metaphysical upon this, as some sort of equipoise to the wealth words that are destined to remain untranslated which her daughter would bring. in their original Spanish. The good Senora, though Spaniard, however, as he was, our Alférez she could boast only of forty-four years' experi- on reaching Tucuman found no Spaniards to mix ence, was not altogether to be had in that with, but instead twelve Portuguese. fashion-she was as learned as if she had been Catalina remembered the Spanish proverb fifty, and she brought matters to a speedy crisis. “ Subtract from a Spaniard all his good qualities, “ You are a Spaniard,” she said, “a gentleman, and the remaindermakes a pretty fair Portuguese;" therefore ; remember that you are a gentleman. but, as there was nobody else to gamble with, she This very night, if your intentions are not serious, entered freely into their society. Very soon she quit my house. Go to Tucuman ; you shall com- suspected that there was foul play: all modes of mand my horses and servants ; but stay no longer doctoring dice had been made familiar to her by to increase the sorrow that already you will have the experience of camps. She watched ; and, by left behind you. My daughter loves you. That is the time she had lost her finalcoin, she was satisfied sorrow enough, if you are trifling with us. But, that she had been plundered. In her first anger if not, and you also love her, and can be happy she would have been glad to switch the whole in our solitary mode of life, stay with us-stay dozen across the eyes ; but, as twelve to one were for ever. Marry Juana with my free consent. I too great odds, she determined on limiting her ask not for wealth. Mine is sufficient for you both.” | vengeance to the immediate culprit. Him she The cornet protested that the honour wasone never followed into the street ; and coming near enough contemplated by himthat it was too great—that to distinguish his profile reflected on a wall, she

But, of course, reader, you know that continued to keep him in view from a short dis'gammon” flourishes in Peru, amongst the silver tance. The light-hearted young cavalier whistled, mines, as well as in some more boreal lands that as he went, an old Portuguese ballad of romance; produce little better than copper and tin. “ Tin,” and in a quarter of an hour came up to an house, however, has its uses. The delighted Senora over- the front door of which he began to open with a ruled all objections, great and small; and she con. pass-key. This operation was the signal for Catalina that the hour of vengeance had struck ; Justice moved at her usual Spanish rate in the and, stepping hastily up, she tapped the Portu- present case. Kate was obliged to rise instantly ; guese on the shoulder, saying—" Senor, you are not suffered to speak to anybody in the house, a robber!” The Portuguese turned coolly round, though, in going out, a door opened, and she saw

“ Possibly, Sir ; but I have no particular fancy expression. In one day the trial was all finished. for being told so," at the same time drawing his Catalina said (which was true) that she hardly sword. Catalina had not designed to take any knew Acosta; and that people of her rank were advantage; and the touching him on the shoulder, used to attack their enemies face to face, not by with the interchange of speeches, and the known murderous surprises. The magistrates were imcharacter of Kate, sufficiently imply it. But it pressed with Catalina's answers (yet answers to is too probable in such cases, that the party what?) Things were beginning to look well, whose intention has been regularly settled from when all was suddenly upset by two witnesses, the first, will, and must have an advantage un- whom the reader (who is a sort of accomplice consciously over a man so abruptly thrown on his after the fact, having been privately let into defence. However this might be, they had not the truths of the case, and having concealed fought a minute before Catalina passed her sword his knowledge,) will know at once to be false through her opponent's body; and without a groan witnesses, but whom the old Spanish buzwigs or a sigh, the Portuguese cavalier fell dead at doated on as models of all that could be looked his own door. Kate searched the street with her for in the best. Both were very ill-looking felears, and (as far as the indistinctness of night al- lows, as it was their duty to be. And the first lowed) with her eyes. All was profoundly silent; deposed as follows:- – That through his

quarand she was satisfied that no human figure was ter of Tucuman, the fact was notorious of Acosin motion. What should be done with the body? ta's wife being the object of a criminal pursuit on A glance at the door of the house settled that: the part of the Alférez (Catalina): that, doubtless, Fernando had himself opened it at the very mo- the injured husband had surprised the prisoner, ment when he received the summons to turn round. which, of course, had led to the murder-to the She dragged the corpse in, therefore, to the foot staircase—to the key—to everything, in short, of the staircase, put the key by the dead man's that could be wished ; no-stop! what am I sayside, and then issuing softly into the street, drew ing?-to everything that ought to be abominated. the door close with as little noise as possible. Finally-for he had now settled the main quesCatalina again paused to listen and to watch, tion—that he had a friend who would take up went home to the hospitable Senora's house, re- the case where he himself, from short-sightedtired to bed, fell asleep, and carly the next morn- ness, was obliged to lay it down.” This friend, ing was awakened by the Corregidor and four al- the Pythias of this short-sighted Damon, started guazils.

up in a frenzy of virtue at this summons, and, The lawlessness of all that followed strikingly rushing to the front of the alguazils, said,

" that exposes the frightful state of criminal justice at since his friend had proved sufficiently the fact of that time, wherever Spanish law prevailed. No the Alférez having been lurking in the house, and evidence appeared to connect Catalina in any having murdered a man, all that rested upon him way with the death of Fernando Acosta. The to show was, how that murderer got out of the Portuguese gamblers, besides that perhaps they house ; which he could do satisfactorily; for there thought lightly of such an accident, might have was a balcony running along the windows on the reasons of their own for drawing off public attention second floor, one of which windows he himself, from their pursuits in Tucuman: not one of these lurking in a corner of the street, saw the Alférez men came forward openly; else the circumstances throw up, and from the said balcony take a at the gaming table, and the departure of Cata- flying leap into the said street.” Evidence like lina so closely on the heels of her opponent, would this was conclusive ; no defence was listened to, have suggested reasonable grounds for detaining nor indeed had the prisoner any to produce. her until some further light should be obtained. The Alférez could deny neither the staircase As it was, her imprisonment rested upon no nor the balcony ; the street is there to this day, colourable ground whatever, unless the magistrate like the bricks in Jack Cade's Chimney, testifyhad received some anonymous information, which, ing all that may be required; and, as to our friend however, he never alleged. One comfort there who saw the leap, there he was; nobody could deny was, meantime, in Spanish injustice : it did not him. The prisoner might indeed have suggested loiter. Full gallop it went over the ground : one that she never heard of Acosta's wife, nor had the weck often sufficed for informations-for trial--for existence of such a wife been ripened even into a execution; and the only bad consequence was, that suspicion. But the bench were satisfied ; chopa second or third week sometimes exposed the dis- ping logic was of no use; and sentence was proagreeable fact that everything had been “prema- nounced—that on the eighth day from the day of ture :" a solemn sacrifice had been made to of- arrest, the Alférez should be executed in the pubfended justice, in which all was right except as to lic square. the victim: it was the wrong man ; and that gave It was not amongst the weaknesses of Cataextra trouble ; for then all was to do over again, lina—who had so often inflicted death, and, by another man to be executed, and, possibly, still her own journal, thought so lightly of inflictto be caught.

ing it (if not under cowardly advantages)

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