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A History of Rome, from the Earliest Times to the Yet, both in Scotland and England, Fergus and Bru

Death of Commodus, A.D. 192. By Dr. Leonard tus, and their lines, are quietly dropped in all our modern Schmitz, F.R.S.E., Rector of the High School of histories. The same work has been going on in regard Edinburgh, London : Taylor and Hatton.

to other nations. Our present business is with Rome. You have doubtless, gentle reader, visited the Picture

And strange to say, the first note of scepticism was struck Gallery of Holyrood ; and, while you gazed with astonish- in Italy.* Laurentius Valla, who died, not an old man, ment at the portraits of the long line of kings, with and in 1458, was the first to question Livy. Germany folwithout beards, you did not know which to wonder at

lowed him in the person of Elaveanus, more than half a most-the execrable taste of the collection, or the vast

century having elapsed. In 1715, died Perigarius, a man antiquity of the royal race of Scotland ard of her records.

of great independence of thought, whose dissertations Go to the old chroniclers, and you will have the lives of and animadversions show that his immense learning and these kings narrated to you with almost the circumstan

his ingenuity have conducted him nearly to the results tiality of the Court Journal. Buchanan is sceptical reached in more recent times. Then followed Boyle, where England is concerned. He will not believe the tale and in France, Pouilly and Beaufort. In Scotland, that Englishmen tell — how king Diocletian of Syria Hume and Ferguson stated their doubts, but wanted had thirty daughters, who killed their husbands in one

At last, monarch

learning to push the matter further. night, and were sent to sea in a ship without a man to

of this region of historical inquiry, arose Niebuhr, help them, that they might thus expiate their criine

with whose astonishing results the general public of how they arrived at Britain, and, from demon hus

this country were first made acquainted through the bands, produced giants—how Brutus-Ascanius' grandson, in the year 1833, written by Dr. Arnold. Niebuhr's

medium of a masterly paper in the “ Edinburgh Review," having killed h's father by chance, was banished, came to Britain, subdued the giants, and took possession of the

views have since been tested, and many of them modified island. All this Buchanan will not believe ; but he by various writers—in our own country, principally by swears to Fergus I., king of Scotland, B.C. 330, and dis- the great mind that first introduced him to notice in Great courses of some eighty-five kings before the great Thane Britain. But his main statements remain unshaken ; of Fife, that should be king thereafter. And so you know and happy in having had as his translators such men as

Thirlwall Fergus, and Fartharis, and Mainus, and Dornadilla, and

nd Hare, he has enjoyed the additional adDonatus, and so on through a list of names most edifying vantage, that one of his most talented pupils, Dr Schmitz,

early in life became a denizen of this country. Through to read, doubtless to them that believe in them.

him we have had two volumes of lectures, which continue Haec prisca files ! Who now has faith enough to be the systematic history already bestowed on us, and we lieve these tales? Not, we are sure, Dr. Small of Aber

are glad to learn that they form but part of a series, nethy himself, of whom, it is said that, having dug up, containing, in part at least, the researches of Niebuhr in some part of Fife, a button, bearing on it the number

on other subjects than the history of Rome. 9; and having been reminded, when he produced it, as a

We have bad in this country histories of Rome, as proof of the Romans having been there in the shape of the ninth legion, that the said Romans were unacquainted There is much to be said in praise of Ferguson and of

matters were then generally viewed, of great merit. with the Arabic numerals, he stoutly averred that this the laborious Ilooke for the republic ; and Gibbon's book particular button was a better proof that the Ro

on the concluding portion stands yet unapproached in were acquainted with Arabic pumerals, than

European literature. Even Goldsmith has merits of his that, being unacquainted with them, they had not been

It is true that his able authority, Livy, was himthere, And so, gentle reader, in this incredulous age, self altogether careless of any thing like historical accome from the Gallery of Ilolyrood, and purchase of our excellent publisher a llistory of Scotland–Tytler's, of

curacy, as we now understand it. He took no pains to

ascertain what was the truth, and, if the narrative flatcourse—and not one word will you find of Fergus nor of tered Roman pride, or admitted of romantic detail, Donald Bain,

that was suficient. And so, while Livy has a power But this was a gradual process. Men first laughed

and a beauty in the pictures which he draws, that is perquietly in their closets at the queer old worthies, before fectly unequalled—a grouping of incidents that is masterly they guffawed them out of history. And have they not

in its picturesqueness, and a majesty of style which is the been consecrated in song? Has Shakspeare not immor

very beau ideal of the historical manner-he is, like our talised Lear, and the race whence sprung Macbeth

own Ilume, quite worthless as an authority on all matters though not of woman born ? And so, what with the pertaining to constitutional usage ; and, even in the nargallery, and the enshrinement of poetry, and of quaintration of facts, he does not concern himself so much about chroniclers, the men of ante-recording times shall be pre- the truth-gross contradictions often occurring of his own served among us. Milton alone is sufficient to keep in previous statements—as about the attractive and the orremembrance the fables of early England. What says he ?namental

. In all belonging to this department, he is un“ But now of Brutus and his line, with the whole pro- rivalled. And, in the same way, Goldsmith's style has geny of kings, we cannot so easily be discharged; descents of ancestry long-continued, laws and exploits not

a charm, a raciness, an idiomatic force, which renders

But it is for style alone we plainly seeming to be borrowed or devised, which, on the him peculiarly attractive. common beliet, have wrought no small impression ; de- can praise Goldsmith. Ile took no pains to remedy, in fended by inany, denied utterly by few..... Those old

any respect, the defects of his authority. Tieso are all and inborn kings, never to have been any real persons, or done in their lives at least some part of what'so long the faults of Livy, of course aggravated by this--that, if hath been remembered, cannot be thought without too atrict incredulity.''

• Nichhur's Lectures, edited by Schmitz, rol. i. p. 300,

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Livy did write as a Roman of the Augustan age, still he The Life and Character of Thomas Wilson, Esq., Trevdid write like a Roman. Let us give one or two very surer of Highbury College. By his Son. One Vol. brief illustrations of Goldsmith's failure as a historian, London: John Snow, Paternoster Row. in the abridgement made by himself, and commonly Memoir of Williom Knib. By J. H. Hinton, M.A. taught in the schools of this country. The Roman power, London : Houlston and Stoneman. about a century before the Christian era, was exposed to

Memoir of Dr. Yates. By James Hoby, D.D. Lonimminent danger-a danger similar to that which menaced

don : Houlston and Stoneman. Christendom when the Saracens had penetrated into the heart of France. In more than four pitched battles had

There are many who esteem a life passed in earnest the forces of Rome been overthrown at the very thresh-labours to spread knowledge and improve the world, by old of Italy by the barbarian hordes, the Cimbri and elevating tho thoughts and purposes of its occupants

, the Teutoni, before they were quelled by the generalship better spent thail the time of heroes or statesmen who, of the ferocious Marcus. This peril is disposed of by Gold in accomplishing great changes on the surface of society, smith in half a sentence. Again, the wars of Mithridates have won lasting fame. There are, however, few—very brought the Romans for the first time effectively into con

few—who endorse the opinion of adopting that course of tact with the Jews an event of deep interest in the his- life. We except the professional teachers of religion tory of the world. Goldsmith never notices this at all.

without doubting or denying, even while asserting And yet, in spite of such gross defects as these, the attrac- that many in that class abandon the pursuit of wealth tiveness of his style is such that we feel it to be positively and extensive influence in abiding by their profession, painful to denounce what has afforded so much enjoyment. there are many men calculated every way to rise high in

Without mentioning the work by Dr. Arnold, of which secular pursuits, contentedly engaged, nevertheless, in nothing need be said here-a translation of foreign works, teaching and counselling a very humble church in an obseure founded on Niebuhr, such as Michelet's—we may state, locality, placed in contracted circumstances, but delighted at once, that this work by Dr. Schmitz is decidedly the best with their avocation, and rejoicing in its duties. But elucidation, for either advanced classes or for students, comparatively few men of wealth abandon the paths of of the new and correct views of Roman history. It is money-making, to give the strength of their days to the written with a thorough understanding of the subject, world and its best interests. To the world, in theological and after an investigation of what has been advanced language, there is enough given ; on its improvement for, against, and regarding the views of the book, from there is but little bestowed ; although all will conless whom he does not scruple to differ, when he has occasion. that the work of a member of the legislature, in his official And if any one, not conversant with the classics, or even capacity, can have little influence on the happiness any scholar, who has not leisure to devote deliberate atten- of men, compared with the results of Thomas Wilson's tion to the subject, wishes to understand the history of labours. His biography is in reality a history of EranRome, in the only sequence, in which that history has gelical Dissent in England, so far as it has been debeen intelligently presented, he will meet with no such veloped by external movements for the last half century. guide as this in our language. As Gibbon wrote, and Biographical teaching may be useful to all classes, Lord Mahon writes French, so Dr. Schmitz writes but will be most serviceable to men in the same English not only purely, but with elegance and vigour.

rank to which its subject belonged.

On that priliIt is of no small importance that, in the study of Ro-ciple, this biography will be most useful amongst man history, we should have correct views, as illustra- the wealthy mercantile classes. Many amongst them, tions are often drawn from it, affecting the political doings, like Thomas Wilson, are firmly impressed with the narrowly affecting the passions of men in our own day. opinion, that mankind can only become permanently Even in matters of mere speculative history, the light happy through religious influence. But how few have the thrown upon the past, rendering that past intelligible, is heroism that in early life marked his resignation of a not without its value. In estimating human motives, it highly lucrative business, that he might consecrate all his was a perfect marvel why, according to the received time and energies to manage an academy devised for the account, Servius Tullius, the sixth king of Rome, should instruction of the future ministers of religion ; Mr. Wilhave encountered the hatred of the aristocracy, and been was elected to fill the office of Treasurer to the the idol of the populace—the plebs—for his arrangements Evangelical Academy, on the death of his grandfather, were, in the old account, all in favour of the aristocracy. in 1794, and he continued to hold the office, and to conPreviously to his time, cach citizen's vote was of equal duct the affairs of the academy, in its various changes to value. But he, it was said, thought this arrangement | Hoxton and to Highbury, until his death in 1843, too democratic, and so contrived it that the whole Forum a period of nearly fifty years. He was born in was vested in the hands of the wealthy classes. Yet, it | 1704, and early initiated into business, from which was the wealthy classes that wrought his downfall, and he retired in 1798, when in his 34th year. The he was honoured, till latest times, as the good King Ser- last forty-five years of his life formed a continued vius-true friend of the commons. The difficulty disap- series of exertions in favour of religious instruction pears when we find that previous to his time the people at home. This feature in the character of Mr. Wilson meaning by that the commons—had no voice in public charms us. He began his course of benevolence as a matters at all; and that his arrangement was one whereby, business man. He conducted it in a business way. As without disturbing too much the existing order of things, a lay propagandist of Christianity, he pursued the means every man, not according to descent, as before, but accord- that had been so successful in selling ribbands. His work ing to his means—and here was an inducement to industry was systematically done. From all we read in this va—had a vice in public affairs,

luable book-his memoir-and from all we have learned

son

otherwise, we believe him to have been a cool and unima- | Finsbury, that they wished to elect lim as their represenginative person. He had not the slightest romantic idea in tative, in the first reformed House of Commons. He his character. That idea which occupied and filled his declined the honour, although by no means uninterested mind was this—the world will be made happier by in political movements, in popular principles, and the enthe increased infusion of Christianity. He then set franchisement of the people. He did not abuse the himself to work out his idea. To teach, there must world but he used it; and had the happiness of being be teachers ; and he never abandoned the academy for led to find his highest pleasure in the doing of good. teachers, until his dying day. But those who teach One hundred Thomas Wilsons, during the first half of must have some organised system. A congregation must this century, would have entirely changed the state of sohave a place of meeting; and Mr. Wilson employed the ciety. They would have revolutionized England by the resources of a considerable fortune, in purchasing and most unexceptional means. The importance and necesbuilding places of worship, in the leading towns of almost sity of securing England does never scem to have been every English county, in many rural districts, and in the impressed on the religious world,” which is quite satismetropolis. His biography is written by his son, who fied by a lodgment in Britain. It seeketh not, at least says at page 326 :

it seeks not effectually, to make the country all its own. “ I consider this practical exemplification of a noble It leaves spots of great magnitude, like the dark spots spirit of Christian enterprise, in erecting three large on the sun's surface, but only of more comparative imchapels, almost entirely at his own expense, in less than ten years, at a cost of upwards of £25,000, as the great portance. It recognises, but does not perform, its duty fact in my father's life, and specially worthy of honour- in those waste places. It sends few messengers to reable memorial. It is, I believe, unique and unexampled claim the vicious in our large towns. It knows, and -at least I know of no similar case on record. Tho has becomo accustomed to know without surprise, and reader may also be reminded, that he not merely ad, only with the smallest possible shade of regret, that in vanced large sums of money-altogether resigning all claim to interest, and uncertain what portion of the prin every large town there are districts where thousands live ciple might be returned—of which, in fact, only about and die in the most complete and perfect ignorance, in four-fifths were ultimately repaid, by yearly instalments, the most abject misery, and the most crushing destitution. and not the whole of that during his life ; the work also involved time, thought, strenuous mental exertion, patient

To them it scarcely ever speaks the words of love and waiting, and for some years, to a considerable extent at | kindness. It does not recognise the sin-struck man or least, “the care of all the churches."

woman as a brother or a sister of humanity. It takes Mr. Wilson's subscriptions to country churches were not the sorrowing sinnor by the hand to lead him or her frequently made absolute, but sometimes in the form of back again into all truth. It goes but little on the loans without interest, which were often written off alto- highways or the byeways of the world to seek and gether and always accepted only in part. Looking over save the lost. It leaves often those who are more sinned the pages of this volume, in which all his benefactions are against than sinning, to perish in the hideous whirlpools not recorded ; the sums expended on religious pur- of pollution, whose waters lave the very doorsteps of its poses appear immense. His life was virtually passed churches. How few are its agents who are sent even to in organizing new agencies ; in saving old and weak those densely-peopled quarters of our large towns, where congregations in

in planning, and in exe- ill rewarded industry herds with immorality, not of choice, cuting, by whatever means were presented, schemes but from necessity, until it degenerates into “vice :"—the for promoting the moral and spiritual enlightenment of doomed quarters—the “St. Giles,” the “ Liberties,” the people. It is impossible to estimate the benefits to and the “ Briggates.” Even those who are sent, genesociety, of which this man was the apparent author. The rally perform their work in an unskilful way. A tract to spiritual good belongs to another class—the secular im- a person perishing from want, is mockery alone ; though provement is manifest to all. Aiming at the higher, he it might be mercy if properly accompanied. We grant, could not miss the lower object. The fruit of all his indeed, that this truth is now not merely acknowledged, works, when ripening for eternity, began to be gathered but adopted practically to some extent.

The ragged in time. The pleasure and the peace shed on his own schools, and schools of industry, are its practical acknowheart by his manner of life, was infinitely purer and ledgments. They are admissions of the theory, that we greater, even here, than all the gratification that the must not only teach but act. most unbounded outlay on personal objects could have We have two biographical volumes in addition to that afforded. We have his own rule of life for accomplishing which we have already quoted. The first contains the life his objects, in the advice he tendered to a young minister of Dr Yates and Mr Pearce, both well known in conin whom he was interested.

nexion with the Baptist mission in India. The second, “ If we abandon no luxury, if we sacrifice no sensual the life of Mr Knibb, whose name is so closely associated indulgence, if we never deny ourselves that we may bless with the recollections of negro emancipation ; we believe others, if we only bestow absolute supertluities upon the that both Yates and Knibb fell into their right place. cause of God and the claims of the destitute, we neither The first was a most accomplished scholar ; the second an rise to the elevation of evangelical beneficence, nor do what is required for the mortification of inordinate affec- earnest man, of great natural eloquence. The translation.”

tions by Dr Yates are monuments of his industry and The “religious world" concede, we believe, that learning. The name of the second is written on the sacrifices in it, and for its purposes are very rare. records of the basest and the noblest deeds connected with We doubt even if the subject of this memoir made our nation. They were both English artizans in early sacrifices. He lived in the utmost comfort and re- life, and evangelists in maturer years. Dr Yates, who spectability, occupying, even in London, so consider- was undoubtedly one of the first of Oriental linguists, had able a place in the estimation of his fellow-citizens of previously been one of the best of boot and shoemakers, William Knibb was a letter-press printer. William Yates | 1845, had accomplished in a short life-forty-two years was born on the 15th December 1792; he died on board -more than many who, beginning with the highest adship while crossing the Red sea, on the 3d July 1845, in vantages, sleep on for four-score years. The length of the 53d year of his life-a short life to achieve so much, life is often measured on wrong principles. We apply that from a shoemaker's apprentice he rose to be one of the towards the estimate more frequently the line of years most useful Oriental scholars; of whoin it was truly said, than the measurement of work. Men have died at ninety “ As a scholar he was remarkable, not only for the soli- who were mere infants in work; and others have been dity and extent of his learning, but also for his talent to taken from the world whose heads were grey with labour turn it to good account. In Sanscrit, I believe, he was earlier even than William Knibb. equal to the most celebrated. His Bengalee Bible, I We freely admit that both the men, whose lives are have little doubt, will gradually become the standard of narrated in these volumes were in their proper places. the language. He equally excelled in Urdu (or Hindo- We doubt if they could have been so useful in any other stanee), and his introduction to that language has long position. Neither with them, nor with “the religious been a standard work. Hindoo, Persian, and Arabic, world,” have we a murmur to make for the locality of the he was familiarly acquainted with. The knowledge he posts which they sought and were assigned. The statethus possessed he applied to the advancement of Chris- ments and reasons adduced by their biographers for the tian and general science in India. Simplicity, humility, choice of labour made by them are becoming so common, and firmness, were his prominent characteristics." Ilis and, on our principles, are so erroneous, that we are inbiographer, Dr. Hoby, gives the following account of duced to quoto them. From the life of William Knibb this great man's death, at page 338 :

we have little to take. At page 27, we find the following “ After leaving the fantastic rocks of Aden, and the extract of a letter to a friend :romantic but desolate scenery of Arabia Felix, they “ I beliere I stated in my last, that the Committee of passed through the Straits, which as the name Babel the Baptist Mission were then deciding as to the propriety Mandel significs, proved indeed the “ Gate of Attiction" of accepting me as a missionary, to fill up the place vato the dying man. With a burning sun, and the very cated by the decease of my beloved brother. The result waves of the Red Sea as hot as the sultry atmosphere, of the decision is, that I am speedily to prepare to leave existence became insupportable. Once or twice, when an the shores of Britain, and to sail for Kingston ; and I am attempt was made to admit air, a sea broke in upon the now learning the Lancasterian system of education, as a expiring saint, who was compelled, therefore, to endure prerequisite for this important station. The instruction the suffocating heat. At length, exactly a month after of the young will forin the major part of my employment, he came on board, the struggle terminated, the voynge of which exactly accords with the feelings of my heart; and life was ended, and the haven of eternal rest gained, before I hope that, if consistent with the will of God, should this first part of the voyage home was completed. The my existence be protracted, I may be the instrument of ship was still three days from Suez, in lat. 19e N. long. turning many children from darkness into light, and from 390 E., when, on the third of July, the exhausted suf- the power of Satan unto God. It is pleasing to feel an ferer fell asleep in Jesus.

assurance that all our times are in his hand, and all our There was a time when a learned missionary, the de- concerns under his control." voted Carey, was ejected from a British ship, with contumely, as if her very planks would have been contami

From this extract it will be observed that the writer was natod, had he continued to tread her deck. Surely the fond of teaching, and likely, therefore, to prove a successchange produced in one half century should call forth the ful teacher. From page 32 we quote a passage which adoring gratitude of the church of God! His successor shows that he was highly esteemed as a teacher by his in the great work of translating the Holy Scriptures, students

, and that is another element of success :dying at sea, received the most honourable interment the circumstances allowed. A coffin was prepared—the fag “ A cluster of small but illustrative incidents require lowered—the funeral service was read by a brother mis

to be just mentioned here. One is, that he had lately sionary—as many of the crew as could be spared were

been informed of the conversion of his twin sister Ann, assembled--the officers and passengers generally joined in in consequence of a letter which he had written to her. the selemn act, while the untiring engines ceased their A second is, that a subscription being necessary for the giant labours, and unimprisoned vapour escaped free as the spirit which had fled. Thus were the precious re

hire of a new room for preaching at Brick Street, the mains committed to the sea—the wave parted for a mo

friends insisted on his writing something to put at the ment, and as the liquid grave deepened, gently did the

head of the collecting-book.' A third is, that he had a displaced waters still lower and lower close over the de- scholars who clung round him," says Dr. Ryland,

very affecting partiny at Stupleton with his Sunday scending corpse, till, embedded in the sands, it found its

“WITH TEARS, anul told him he must not leave them." final resting place. A moment more, and when all trace of gurgling had disappeared, the wheels revolved, and livered an address to the children of the Baptist and In

Another is, that on his farewell visit to Kettering, he deagain the vessel mored on her majestic course! Thus all the world's activity proceeds, as if no such event had his mission was on bin,' that on this occasion (to use his mortals sink in death, the tide of life rolls over them, and dependent Sunday schools, with about two hundred spec

It has, perhaps, an evidence that the spirit of happened!”

own words ) he “felt himself more comfortable than in Honour was due to the memory of the missionary. IIc London, one of the secretaries of the Bethel Union, in

any former exercise,' The last is, that in the streets of had served the cause of man ; he had proclaimed truth in vited him to take out a Bethel flag,

“to which," he the midst of darkness ; and, by his solid scholarship, had I consented, and I hope soon to have it hoisted at opened the books of India to England, and the literature

Port Royal." of Britain to the people of the East.

When William Knibb went to Jamaica, he had maniWilliam Knibb was a man of humble attainments, but fested no symptoms of the spirit that was within him. of vast moral courage ; a noble love of liberty, and an Ile was the man for Jamaica ; but a prophet alone, earnest determination in helping its extension, even to amongst men, could have asserted so much with any prothe most oppressed and degraded. He was born on the 7th priety. He does not even seem to have dreamed of his September, 1803; and, dying on the 15th December, I own powers. The position of a teacher bounded his am

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bition; he never proposed to become an agitator—an ef- | home, in the proclamation of the Gospel. Dr. Iloby's fective agitator—a Christian agitator. At that time, words mean this, if they have any intelligible meaning. therefore, to himself and to others, teaching seemed his Upon this principle the religious world have been acting. business. That was his gift. It had been exercised The outcast home population has been neglected. Many to advantage at Stapleton. The children loved him. of them have been sinking in mental degradation and They clung round him. They wept for him. They sup- material circumstances. Ignorance has been gaining its

licated him not to leave them. He left, and we read lost ground. Vice has been shooting forth and flourishing not that his successor occupied the same place in their in the most scandalous and almost unprecedented forms. affections, or was, therefore, likely to be so efficient. But during all this time the religious world, like Dr. What we ask of the religious world and religious men is, Iloby, has been giving a decided preference to foreign why leave English children untaught, and send mission- missions. arics, or emigrate, to teach Negro children? Does not Dr. Yates himself laboured under the same error, for Norfolk, with its five hundred parishes, parish churches, when a young man, we learn thatand ministers, need teachers—missionaries, if they may

His services at Olney proved, however, so acceptable be so named—when we are told in the minutes of the

to the people, that many shortly afterwards expressed Committee of Council on Education, that in these par- themselves very warmly in favour of his remaining perishes

manently in that situation. Some expectation of an invitation to that import, led him to write,

"* If such " Very few of either sex can read or write. An opinion a thing shonld happen, it would have no effect upon me.' prevails that those who remain of the preceding generation He admitteil, indeed, that his own pleasure and satisfacmore commonly possessed those acqisitions. A fomulo tion in the work there were great, because, he said, "I has officiated as clerk in a parish for the last two years, know that there I am doing good, and, if I was disposed none of the adult males being able to read. In another

to stay in England certainly there is no place at which I parish the present clerk is the only man in the rank of should better like to be fixed; but I do not think it is labourer who can read. In another of 400 souls, when my duty to stay, consequently, I must go.' Arrangethe present school was established two years ago, no la- ments were accordingly proceeded with for an ordination bourer could read or write A Dissenting minister, ad- service at Leicester, solemnly to set him apart to the dressing a small congregation, was lately interrupted by a work to which he seemed to be so eminently calle d.'

Glory be to your name?'' lle immediaty repressed the cry, explaining that such languago could bo

We do not know that Olncy was so thoroughly Chrisused only to the Deity. The answer was, Then, glory tianiseil, such an enlightened and happy village, and the be to both of you!" "This,” says the Inspector, I people in all the country round so well informed and inhave too much reason to believe is a characteristic fact, structed, that thero was no work to do for a man gifted the suppression of which would therefore disguise the truth."

with the energy of Dr. Yates. We concede that he was The lamentable details, recently published, regarding

led to the right place, but not, as stated by himself, from the deep and desperate ignorance existing, in many parts the right motive-although he seems to have taken a both of Britain and Ireland, should suffice to show the ne

Scriptural view of the matter; and if his train of reasoning cessity for the multiplication of good teachers in this coun

was incorrect, it brought him, nevertheless, to a happy

conclusion. try, and that here, at home, is one of the most necessitous mission fields.

After arriving at Portsen, he found that, but for a In the life of Dr. Yates the preference to be shown for without him, as the captain must have accompanied the

sliglit occurrence, the Earl Moiru would have put to sea foreign missions is pressed as a duty. In reference to the convoy. Contrary winds, however, detained them from early life of that eminent man we are told at page 22 :- 11th October to the 24th. During this period he wrote

a farewell letter to his parents. We had, in a former let“ A small society of students was now formed, and ter, silenced their objections, by reininding them, “Christ many an hour of sweet and sacred fellowship was spent says,' “ Go into all the world, and preach the gospel to in their respective studies, in conference and prayer, which every creature." Shall I obey, or shall I not? If you served to fan the flame of sacred love, and confirm the

can answer for me at the day of judgment, I would gladly purpose of self-consecration. Among topics of discussion stay at home and oblige you ; but with my views of duty, at these meetings were the relative claims of home and if I stay at home, what comfort can I have in my own of heathen countries, upon those servants of Christ who mind, and what success can I expect in my ministry ?'proposed to act upon the commission, “Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.' Many What we have to say of this argument is, that if good profess to find in these words a cogent authority for for Mr. Yates, then a young man, it would seem to be entering upon the work of the Christian ministry; but, good for every human being, or at least for every young upon what principle the intention to labour at home, as pastors and teachers, should be almost universally che- preacher and teacher, and this country would be left destirished, it is almost difficult to say. At Bristol there was tute of religious teaching altogether. The crror in the argua growing tendency to weigh the claims of a perishing ment arises, like many other errors, froin an omission in world in connexion with those of home.

In the minds of the quotation, or rather from omitting the duty of comnot a few an opinion was formed, the reverse of that which had obtained previously. It had always been as- paring it with parallel passages, and forgetting the words sumed that a preacher should enter upon his work in his · beginning at Jerusalem.” It is a scriptural principle, native land, except some strong irrepressible desiro im- that a man's first duty is due to his own household, bis pelled him to preach the gospel to the heathen ; but this sentiment yielded to a conviction, in some minds at least,

own neighbourhood, and his own country. This regulathat, on the contrary, it was rather incumbent to be well tion and systematising of duty has been utterly neglected ; satisfied that Divine Providence hedged up a man's way and, not merely home, but colonial and foreign instrucas to inissionary work, before he ought to content himself tion has suffered in consequence.

Multitudes bare grown with an ordinary opening at home.”

up in this country in a state of brutal ignorance. Their The sum of this statement is, in other words, that a souls are theoretically reckoned at the same value with decided preference should be given to heathen lands over other souls. Practically “the religious world" has

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