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of his health, and the work is in the form of letters to his | Dionysius could, if he chose, spend his leisure moments. friends and congregation, containing from different points This apartment was no sooner finished, and a proof of it of his journey, sketches of whatever interested him in the had been employed in it. lle then confined all that he
made, than Dionysius put to death all the workmen that places and countries through which he passed. The de suspected were his enemies, and, by overhearing their sign of their publication seems to have been to gratify, communication, judged of their guilt, and condemned and more particularly the parties to whom the letters were acquitted accordingly. A low whisper at one end of this addressed, and to give the citizens of America an account
room is heard over every part of it with the utınost disof the actual state of things, as regards society, laws, reli- Our guide fired off a gun, which took us rather by sur
tinctness, if the ear be applied to the side of the wall. gion, manners, art, and literature, in what the author, in prise, and in its ten thousand reverberations sounded like common with his countrymen, calls the Old World, mean
the crashing of worlds." ing thereby Europe, although both Asia and Africa, in rela
Of Naples, and the celebrated scenes and places near tion to history, are much older; just as we talk of Ame- it, including Vesuvius, Pompeii, Pæstum, &c., we have rica under the name of the New World, that term, however, an interesting account, differing in nothing, however, being more definite than the former. His Continental and from the reports of other travellers. To Rome, and to English tour afforded him “glimpses” of many remark-descriptions of the many remarkable objects to be seen in able things in the various countries which he visited; but, the Eternal City, a large portion of the first volume is though his sketches are rapid, they are not without a cer
devoted. The author had three opportunities of seeing tain truth and faithfulness, which speak much for the since the Pope, Gregory XVI. ; once in the Church of St. Grerity, as well as for the powers of observation of the author. | gory, situated on the side of the Cælian Mount; again in Here and there we trace some of the peculiar prejudices the Sistine Chapel, on Ash Wednesday, where he witand associations of an American and of an American cler- nessed the ceremony of the Pope's sprinkling the heads gyman; but though they read strange to one possessing of the cardinals with ashes; and the third time in the the liberal feelings and enlarged views of a travelled Eng-church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva, on the Festival lishman, they are not without a merit and genuine inte of the Annunciation. By far the best sketch of Rome, its rest entirely their own. We have been much taken with antiquities, churches, &c., given by any American tourist, some of Dr Clark's descriptions. Of Gibraltar, he gives is found in this work of Dr. Clark's. On his road to Paris a most graphic account. At present, when so many per- from the Papal states, he visited Florence, Pisa, Lucca, sons from Ireland are fleeing from the famine there, to Genoa, Nice, Marseilles, and Lyons, and some intermeLiverpool, Glasgow, London, and other large towns, such diate places, brief " glimpses” of which, and of the a regulation as the following, in force at "the Rock,” country, with the social condition, manners, and dress of would be a very judicious expedient, if adopted at the the inhabitants, are given. In Paris, he spent but a different ports of this country.
short time, being anxious to reach London in time for the
May meetings. “ Before two o'clock our vessel was safely moored and had been already boarded by a health officer ; and
The second volume contains principally his impressions we had in our hands, from the police, a permit to land. of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, all of which he As this is a free port, no person is permitted to enter the visited, and was fortunate in becoming acquainted with town, without first getting a responsible citizen to give many of those eminent men, particularly ministers, whose bonds to the amount of five hundred dollars, that he shall not come upon the town for support, nor break the peace.
names are as well known in America as in this country. This regulation is unquestionably necessary to keep the His emotions on setting foot for the first time on the place from being flooded with paupers, and the very scum shores of England were of the most vivid description. of the earth. Its vicinity to Spain, and the Barbary To an American the land of his forefathers—the mothercoast, renders it peculiarly exposed to an influx of the very vilest population of the earth. It is customary for land of the laws, language, and literature of his country the merchant to whom any vessel is consigned, to obtain a --must always, in spite of national and social prejudices, sufficient number of permits for all the passengers on be one invested with too many bright and hallowed assoboard. This was the case with us; so that no delay was
ciations not to be surrounded with an interest which no occasioned by the arrangement just adverted to."
other country can possess; and the commercial character After stopping a few days at Malta, and visiting the of the two nations tends but to strengthen this feeling most memorable spots in that island, Dr. Clark embarked the more. for Sicily, taking Syracuse and Messina in his way. What As one of Dr. Clark's main objects in coming to Eng. is called "the Ear of Dionysius,'' near the site of ancient land was to attend the religious anniversaries in London, Syracuse, is thus described by him:
he at once introduces his American readers to Exeter “ It is a huge cavern, cut out of the hard rock, in the Hall, and gives some brief and well-drawn sketches of form of the human ear; to reach which you have to pass the more eminent men who usually appear on the platthrough an immense stone quarry, deeply excavated, and form there, as well as of the different societies holding in whence the materials with which the city was built were probably drawn. This excavation, which formerly was
it their annual meetings. He also gives a very aniused as a state prison, is now occupied as a rope-walk. mated account of the streets and parks of London, and It presents a most singular appearance. What is called of some of its more prominent buildings and places of
the Ear of Dionysius' forms, in fact, a part of this capacious quarry. It is an excavation from the solid rock, resort, but particularly churches. Of theatres and such of a long room, some sixty feet in height, twenty in places of amusement these volumes “sayeth not.” The width, and more than two hundred in length. The sides author, however, once found himself against his will at slope gradually to the summit, and terminate in a small Epsom Races, a partaker of the scene of excitement, channel, which conveyed every sound in the cavern to an aperture near the entranco.' Thus the sounds in this and an eye-witness of “the run.” He had gone down room were all directed to one common tympanum, which to the town of Epsom to visit the Rev. Mr. Harris, conumunicated with a small private apartment where author of " Mammon,” who resides there, when, to his
great disappointment and grief, he found he was absent. neither has scarcely half-a-yard's distance the advantage He thus describes his feelings and situation at such a of the other, the interest amid the whole countless
throng of gazers rises to its highest pitch of intensity.
There is scarcely an individual on the ground that has "What was I now to do? I was fifteen miles from not bet upon one of these ; and no one who has not been London, thrown into the very centre of a scene of the actually present in the midst of such a scene, can conceive wildest excitement and dissipation, without the possibility of the excitement that is felt. I never before was so of an escape before evening. Every carriage all the fully aware of the strong demoralizing influence of horsecountry round had been put in requisition to convey the racing: In every direction was drinking, and carousing, thronging multitudes to the race-ground. It was im- and obstreperous mirth.” portant, therefore, that I should find the coach in which
After visiting South Wales, Birmingham, Liverpool, I came, and claim the privilege that had been offered ine of a return seat in it. But I soon found that this conch Manchester, Tadcaster, York, Kendal, Penrith, Carlisle, had gone to the race-ground. Thither, therefore, I di- and other places, on his route to the north, Dr. Clark rected my steps. The scene of the races is upon Ban- proceeded to Scotland, and was much pleased with all stead Downs, about a mile from Epsom. Ilaving reached the summit of those lofty Downs, which overlook Epsom and Chalmers. His descriptions of Scottish scenery and
that he saw in the country of Scott and Burns, of Knox and all the country far and wide, no pen can describe the scene that burst upon my view.
manners are in general correct, although he allowed him. “ It was not the broad winding Thames, nor the rich self but little time to make himself fully acquainted with luxuriant fields skirting its banks, nor the blooming haw- either. The same remark applies to his " glimpses' of thorn hedges, nor the dark deep verdure peculiar to English scenery ; neither was it the glowing heavens, nor
Ireland and North Wales, both of which he visited previous the warm bright sun, that poured down his rays of splen- to his departure from England on his homeward passage. dour so intensely over the whole scene, that attracted Dr. Clark left the Bristol Channel, on board the Great my attention ; but the living mass of aniinated beings that, from all quarters, were pressing forward to this arrived at New York on Sunday morning, August 5.
Western, on Saturday evening, July 21st, 1838, and spot, with an ardour and eagerness that indicated immeasurable interest. Thousands and tens of thousands Among his fellow-passengers on this occasion were Tyrone were already on the ground, and yet thousands were still Power, Charles Mathews, and Madame Vestris. Altoon their way to this scene of attraction. For miles the gether, his book is an agreeable and instructive one, and Downs were covered with carriages and crowds of living beings. Amid this wide and interminable girdle of car
to many persons it will prove peculiarly interesting, from riages, how was I to find the coach in which I came? It the number of notices of ministers and of religious matseemed utterly impossible. And yet, after much search, ters which it contains. I was successful. I found, however, that the coach would not leave till evening. Thus I was providentially Recollections of England. By the Rev. Stephen H. thrown into a scene which was perfectly novel to me. I could have wished to have avoided it; but, as I was here
Tyng, D.D, London : S. Bagster and Sons, 1847. against my will, I determined to turn it to the best ac- Another publication by an American clergyman, of a count, and learn all I could from what was passing similar nature to Dr. Clark's
Glimpses of the Old around me. I walked up and down among the great World,” but not so interesting. The author is Rector of throng, making my observations as I went along. “ The first thing that particularly struck me was the
St. George's, New-York, and his voyage to England, was mixed character of the multitude. Kindred tastes had undertaken with the view of becoming acquainted with brought together, upon this great arena, the extremes of some of those who take the lead the religious societies society, and into the closest contact. Here were the carriages of the nobility emblazoned with their appropriate
of this country, and of studying the institutions of relicoats of arms, and attended with their postilions and gion, rather than the buildings connected with them. The liveried footmen ; and the cabs and carts in which not a remarks and descriptions are often of a cursory character, few of the ignobile vulgus had been borne to this scene and the volume has few of those animated sketches of of dissipation. In the same throng, pressing forward to gaze upon the exciting spectacle, were the gentry and the places and scenery, which are found in the larger work of very off-scourings of the earth, clad in rags and squalidness. his friend, the late Dr. Clark, in whose footsteps he folIn the same group, or standing near each other, might lowed during his stay in England. The volume, howhave been seen high-born ladies, servant girls, gipsies, ever, is written in a pleasing style, and, to the people of the and the most worthless of the sex, all pressing forward, United States, will furnish some information of men and in one broad extended ring to witness the races.
“In the intervals between the races the course-ground manners in this country, which, to the class for whom the was filled with rope dancers, jugglers, necromancers, and author writes, will not be without its value. Dr. Tyng made various kinds of gamesters. On the outskirts of the course were fixed up long lines of splendid booths and and some of his remarks on Scottish matters are rather
a hasty excursion to Scotland, and to "the land of Burns;" pavilions, many of which were hung with crimson and beautiful tapestry. These contained all the appliances amusing. Every object was viewed with the eye ofan Ameriand parapharnalia of gambling and carousing on the most can, and comparisons are sometimes made by no means faextended scale. Over many of these gambling-tables vourable to our notions of things. He was disappointed, on fashionably-dressed females were presiding, to render the whole, with Edinburgh, but this may partly be accountmore attractive the lure to destruction. It seemed as though there was here brought before me, in one concen
ed for by the fact that it rained almost continually during trated and panoramic view, an exhibition of the world's the few days he was there. With Glasgow he was better varied allurements to sin. " The excitement which the races occasioned was in
pleased; and on the afternoon of the only Sunday which tense. I had no idea I should feel so much interest in he spent in that city, he attended the Tron Church, on the scene.
There are few things more exciting than the account, we suppose, of its having been Dr. Chalmers's spectacle of twelve or eighteen noble horses pressing for- former place of ministry. The sermon he heard he ward over the race ground, with the speed of the wind, thought very indifferent, "with very little evangelical while you know, upon the success of each of those animals, thousands have been staked. As one and another of the point or power.” Who was the preacher on the occasion horses fall back and give up the effort, and the point is he does not inform us, but he seems to imply that he now to be contested between two of three, among whom I found the whole service cold and uninteresting, from the
The plan 0,000 men.
want of the prayer-book ; though it was pleasant, he don, and also, it is believed, to the Duke of Newcastle, adds, to see all the congregation, both young and old, then prime minister. The letters to the former have been freely using their bibles. Some of the facts of Dr. Tyng's preserved, and form part of this collection ; those to the book are marked by their inaccuracy. He calls Preston- latter were altogether disregarded, and are not now to be pans “the last fatal contest” for the Pretender ; where found. A twofold interest attaches to the city of Carlisle as, it was the first real victory he gained, and the one
at that eventful time—from its being the only fortresswhich opened England to him. Ayr, he says, is about town of England occupied by the forces of the Pretender fifteen miles from Glasgow. Short as the ride is by the during the brief period that the imperial crown of these railway, the distance is not less than forty miles.
The realms seemed to be almost within his grasp, and from author was not quite three months in Great Britain, and the trials and executions that took place in it after the any mistakes in this brief journal of his visit and obser- suppression of the rebellion. Mr. Goldie's letters vations on our manners, history, and institutions, may be to Dr. Waugh are pretty full as
to the young considered excusable in the circumstances.
adventurer's progress in Scotland, previous to the
invasion of England. It was on the 3d of November, The Farmer's Friend: A Record of Recent Discoveries, sis weeks after Cope's defeat at Prestonpans, that the
Improvements, and Practical Suggestions in Agricul- Prince's army broke up from Edinburgh and marched ture. London: Smith, Elder, & Co. 1847.
southwards in three divisions. On the afternoon of the This is a useful and practical book on a useful and 9th, they appeared before Carlisle, to the number of about practical subject, and well worthy of its name.
The Highlanders that same night retreated of the work, though claiming no merit on the score of to Brampton, seven miles on the high road to Newcastle ; originality, is an excellent one, and the volume will be but on the 13th they returned, and began the siege of welcomed by all that large portion of the community the city. The following is the account of its surrender :who are interested in farming operations. The valuable information contained in the different chapters has
“ On the morning of Friday the 15th, the trenches
were pushed within eighty yards of the wall. An assault been compiled and arranged from various agricultural by escalade appears to have been intended; but before journals of the day, and other approved and satisfactory anything was attempted the white flag was hung out, and The agriculturist may put full confidence in
an offer made to treat for the surrender of the city. An
express was despatched to the Prince at Brampton, who the book when he learns that such scientific and ex
replied that he would not do things by halves ; and that perienced men as Mr. Blacker, Professor Johnston, the city had no terms to expect unless the eastle surrenMr. Smith of Deanston, Mr. Grey of Dilston, Liebig, dered at the same time. In the afternoon this was ac
ceded to. Professor Daubeny, and others, whose names are es
The terms were—that the town and castle teemed by farmers, are amongst those whose articles that the men should lay down their arms in the mar
with the artillery and magazines should be delivered up; form the contents. Agriculture has now attained to ket-place, after which they should have passes to go the dignity of a science, and that publication will prove where they pleased, on taking oath not to carry arms itself indeed the " Farmer's Friend,” which comprises, against the house of Stuart for a twelvemonth; that
the city of Carlisle should retain all its privileges ; at a cheap rate, well sifted, carefully condensed, and com
that they should deliver up all arms, &c., and also prehensive reports and papers, on all matters relative to the horses of all such as had appeared in arms against agricultural improvements and progress. On such sub- the Prince. And that all deserters, particularly the soljects as live stock, implements, draining, manures, culti-diers, that had enlisted with the Highlanders after the
late battle at Prestonpans, and had fled to Carlisle, vation and crops, there is here a body of valuable infor- should be delivered up. The Duke of Perth immediately mation, which cannot fail of being of great utility to the entered and took possession, and the next day proclaimed farmer. The editor has executed his task with much King James, attended by the mayor and civil officers in
It is stated judgment and discrimination. Ile states, that if the their robes, with their sword and mace.
that, on this occasion, the health of Prince Charles Edwork is encouraged, a volume of similar character, under ward, as Regent, being drunk, Mr. Dacre, who had the same name, will be issued half-yearly.
commanded the troop of horse in the city, deliberately proCarlisle in 1745. Authentic Account of the Occupation posed the health of King George. The keys of the city
were presented to the Prince at Brampton, by the Mayor of Carlisle, by Prince Charles Edward Stuart. and Corporation on their knees; and on Monday the 18th Edited by G. G. Mounsey. London : Longman & Co. November, Charles Edward made his entry into Carlisle Carlisle : J. Steel.
seated on a white charger, and preceded by not less than
an hundred pipers.” ALTHOUGH, from the nature of its contents, the plan of this work is not a very connected one, the volume will be The proceedings of the court-martial held for the trial found interesting from the variety of curious details, both of Colonel Durand, the commander of the town and castle, historical and local, which it contains. It is principally for its surrender, are given in full. Among the memcomposed of the correspondence and narrative of the Rev. bers of the court on this occasion, we find the name of Dr. Waugh, a Prebendary of Carlisle Cathedral, and General Wolfe, who fell gloriously at Quebec in 1759. Chancellor of the Diocese, at the time of the Ilighland Col. Durand was unanimously acquitted. Charles fixed his irruption into England. This gentleman—a zealous sup- quarters at the house of Mr. Highmore, attorney. Among porter of the Revolution of 1688, which hurled the the antiquities of Carlisle this house is one of the most Stuarts from the throne-carried on a correspondence interesting. The following is Mr. Mounsey's notice with several persons in Scotland, and, among others, of it :with John Goldie, Esq., a magistrate of Dumfries, who side of English Street, nearly in the centre of the city.
“This was a large, white-fronted house on the west furnished him, from time to time, with accurate accounts It stood a little back from the street, which is there wide of the progress of the rebellion. These he communicated and spacious. The entry was by an archway in the centre to his friend Dr, Bettesworth, Dean of the Arches, Lon of the building, of sufficient width for a carriage drive,
which led through to the gården behind, extending to critical study of the Scriptures. The Bible, as a schoolBlackfriars' Street. Under this archway were the entries book, is placed so early in the hands of children in this of the house ; and on it, in front, was a large bay window of the drawing-room above, on the first floor. The house country—long may it so continue !--that many of its was large and commodious. It was anciently called the characteristics remain unnoticed in after life. All know Earl's Inn,' and was in all probability the property and that in it are contained the Law and the Testimony—the occasional habitation of the Earls of Cumberland in ancient times, when Carlisle was a place of great public its minor excellences, and that besides its originality,
revealed message of God to man; but few are aware of importance, and affairs required their presence there, or of refuge from the wasting inroads of the Scots; for in sublimity, depth, and spirituality, its subject-matter in those times, scarcely was there a family of consequence brief—that for style and the purest mother-English it is a in the country that had not its house of refuge in the town. Highmoro's House, as it was called in later times, has book which is here opened up and presented in a novel
book unequalled—“ the Book of books.” It is this been converted into shops, and new fronted ; the archway, which formed the entrance to it, is now • Barwise's and most attractive form—although, in eloquently expatiCourt,' and in the garden has been formed a street com- ating upon its numerous beauties, the author never municating with Blackfriars' Street ; so that it is no
appears to his readers to forget that the Sacred Volume longer recognisable as a house.'"
derives its chief claim to the regard of mankind, from The building known by the name of Highmore's house
“ its revelation of a Saviour, and the way of salvation;" afterwards became the residence of the Duke of Cumbers and that they would use the Bible far amiss who peruse land during his oecupation of Carlisle. The Highlanders it only for the gratification of literary tastes. Some most continued to advance without check, till they reached interesting and valuable supplementary notes are added Derby, where, on finding that they had three armies into this edition of a work which cannot be too widely their front, each larger than their own, the officers held a diffused. council of war, at which, it is well known, the famous re
The MacDermots of Ballycloran. By Mr. A. Trollope. treat was resolved upon, which ended in the utter ruin of
Three volumes. London : Newby. the enterprise. Little could the chiefs foresee the dire con
Of hereditary right, Mr. Trollope may claim power as sequences of that sudden resolve, so fatal to the hopes and
a fictionist; but he holds by a better tenure. This earprospects of the Stuarts—so fatal, too, to themselves, nest work, on the social, political, and religious condition and to their descendants. The abolition of the heritable of Ireland for such, in fact, this titular romance is jurisdictions, the extinction, for erer, of all the old heredi, displays at once comprehensive views of the many ills tary and feudal rights of chieftainship, the scattering and which afflict that doomed country, and nice and accurate peeling of the clans deprived of their natural chiefs
, the observation of actual life, as it is animated or modified by clearings" that have taken place in various parts of the
an anomalous and, indeed, an almost indescribable state of Highlands, the large emigrations from their fatherland, and society. We cannot tell how Mr. Trollope has gained the misery and famine that now exist in the heath-covered his intimate knowledge of Irish life and manners ; but it mountains and lone sequestered valleys of the Highlands is evident that he knows thoroughly what he has repreof Scotland, all may be traced back to the unexpected sented with both power and skill. The principal charesolution taken at Derby, to retrace their steps to
racters are genuine specimens of general as well as of the north, rather than proceed onwards to London. Irish humanity; and his representations are entirely The crown, that had been almost within the reach of devoid of both the partialities and extravagant exaggeratheir chivalric leader, melted away into thin air. The
tions of the native fictionists. His sketches, if more surrender of Carlisle to the king's troops, under the broad and highly coloured than those of Miss Edgeworth, Duke of Cumberland, took place on the 30th De- bare a much closer affinity to her school than to that of the cember, and his Royal Highness entered the town popular Irish novelists of the day, and, if they have less of the next day. The trials of the prisoners commenced the piquant and picturesque than the latter, they may boast at Carlisle on the 12th of August 1746, and the notices greater truthfulness and freedom from all sorts and shades of them, given towards the conclusion of the volume, are
of party-prejudice. Take the novel as a whole, and we rendered peculiarly interesting from the allusions made to know not where to look for a truer picture of social Ireland, this portion of the annals of the town in Waverley. The than may be found in its characters and descriptions. If it editor has executed his task very creditably. To the anti- be a painful and sometimes a repulsive one, the fault lies not quarian, as well as to the historian and topographer, the in the painter or anatomist, but in the subject ; and occawork will prove interesting, and in no small degree useful. sionally in a desire to inform rather than to entertain. It describes Carlisle as it was a century ago, and the de- The story exhibits a whole gallery of national portraits, scriptions are aided by several well-finished wood-cuts of
some of which will not easily be forgotten. Many as are local objects, some of which do not now exist. The editor the Irish Priests that we have had within the last twenty has also embellished the title page with the engraving of
years, Father John and his curate are as original as the both sides of a medal, struck by the Prince in 1745.
former is true, admirable, and loveable, though painted by Literary Characteristics of the Holy Scriptures. By a Protestant. Thady MacDermot, the unlucky heir of
J. M. M'Culloch, D.D. Second Edition, with Addi- desolate Ballycloran, is more effective amidst his vulgar, tions and Supplementary Notes. Edinburgh : Oliver but real cares and griefs, his genuine kindness of heart & Boyd.
and sturdy endurance, than the most exalted hero of stiltThis is a popular work; a book for the many, and an ed romance. But it is needless to dwell upon what in excellent one; not the formal treatise that might be ex- our pages the reader may not taste, and we have donepected from a learned D.D. It throughout displays cul- warmly recommending these truthful and instructive tivated taste, is written with great elegance of style, sketches, not alone to the cultivated readers of romance, and forms a captivating introduction to the careful or but to the enlightened friends of Ireland,
Rough Recollections of Rambles Abroad and at I liked that the “ Year of Consolation" had been extended
Home. By Calder Campbell, author of “The Palmer's to sixteen months—for the sake both of the authoress Last Lesson,'' &c. &c. Three Volumes. London : and the “reading public;" of whom the greater part know Newby.
nearly all of St. Peters, the heathen, and the postOur readers do not require any introduction to an au- heathen lions of Rome, that they are likely ever to know, thor, whose pleasant verses have so often illuminated our until they make a holiday excursion, when all the railown and other pages. Here Major Campbell appears as a ways open, to the Tiber ; but fow of whom really ever prose writer only—as a writer of such prose as poets write. have tho means of reading much respecting the tradesHis" Recollections” are as diversified as the scene of men, and artizans, and shopkeepers of the seven hills ; his wanderings “Abroad and at Home.” They refer to the whether they advertise, and push, and ask two prices—in North of Scotland, the Eastern Highland Border, with short, whether they bear the slightest affinity with Oxits inspiring legends and traditions, and magnificent ford Street, or the Strand, with Liverpool, with Edinscenery; or to India, not less fertile in sights and “ Recol- burgh and Glasgow. There is of course the general lections," that imprint themselves upon the young and argument, that humanity all over the world minds its own, poetic mind. At the age of seventeen, charmed with the interests pretty well, and very nearly after the samo privilege “ of wearing scarlet and a sword,” the young rules; but still one wants to know something more of the soldier was, at one bound, sent from the obscurity of a principles and conduct of those burghers, who occupy the Highland Home to the East ; but his native hills were places where the world's masters dwelt in classic ages. never forgotten, and with them are associated his most Mrs. Butler does not profess to investigate the Roman tender-if not his most exciting “ Recollections." Taken paintings and sculpture on classical and critical rules. as a whole, we may safely predict that his modest antici- Her remarks are so much more valuable on that account. pations will be abundantly fulfilled, and that the pleased | We do not know that artistes are always the best judges reader-for there is no need of the solicited “indul- of works of art. Sometimes a difference exists between gence”—will, on his request, accompany him as he would them and the popular opinion, though in the end the a “wandering gipsy who now leads him over the bleak up- latter generally prevails. land, whence the rolling sea and busy mart may be seen ; Without in the slightest degree imitating the misdeand then into the dense forost, where nature lieth not meanours of some travellers, especially those who, like supine among leafy arbours ;” be led “not as by a guide, Mrs. Butler, have a connexion with the western world; whose aim is to direct, but by a comrade whose desire is she lets us into a great many secrets respecting the doto divert.'
mestic life of the Romans which are worth knowing, and A Year of Consolation. By Mrs. Butler, late Fanny and shops—those that should be avoided and those that
gives us valuable information on the subjects of hotels Kemble. Two Vols. London: Edward Moxon.
may be trusted. In the midst of all these details, that Mrs. BUTLER'S “ Year of Consolation" was passed in might be naturally expected to interest a lady, there are Rome; and her volumes contain a current account of her interspersed minute details respecting the condition of proceedings by the way—what she saw, how she fared the people, their appearance, and—we regret it for their whom she met, and in what manner they acted. The sakes-their low moral and physical habits. After all the ground has been well trampled before Mrs. Butler's jour- information given in pamphlets, and books, and speeches ney; and with all the deep interest attaching to Italy, respecting the hot and cold baths, the wash-houses, and travels and sojournings there are not in high repute with many similar means of healthful life abounding on the the publishers. So many people go to Italy, and so many Continent, Mrs. Butler alleges most distinctly that write without having anything to say, that all new works cleanliness is not practised in any country except Engon the subject, except the guide-books, are regarded with land, and but very moderately there ; while we learn suspicion. Mrs. Butler's volumes should, however, be that an abundant supply of clean cold water, or the inexcepted from the general rule, because she sometimes clination to use it, is as necessary on the Tiber as the followed byepaths instead of the common roads; encoun- Shannon or the Humber. We can glean also from these tered adventures not very dangerous but all the more en- | volumes the sad want of an efficient poor-law in the Rotertaining-and, without professing to be a connoisseur, man States where the beggars seem evidently to have beat has given to those of us who can't get to Italy, very plea- those of Ireland, before Mr. Mathew's agitation, in extreme sant pictures of the paintings and statuary which we distress, dunning, and perseverance. It is deplorable to might see if we were more fortunate ; and, what may be find the sweetest scenery and the finest climate of Europe of more importance, glimpses of the common every-day blotted over with beggars—the outcasts of a peasantry .way of life amongst green-grocers, shoemakers, and always half starving amidst abundance. milliners at home, which most of our travelling autho- Mrs. Butler left Southampton with no companion exresses are disposed to overlook. All her trials and toils cept her maid-servant, on Saturday the 20th December, -ber escapes, and wanderings out of the way-her plea- 1845; and as to her channel navigation, bears this testisures and her merry-makings--the practices that pleased mony, that though she has crossed the Atlantic six times, her and those that she thinks might be advantageously she had never spent a more terrible night at sea ; but altered, are narrated or discussed in a fresh and happy the passage was fortunately short. The customs' regustyle, that makes one quite in love with the volumes, and lations caused some loss of time, but in the end Mrs. vexed that there were not three instead of two of them. Butler got to Rouen, and there she says :Sometimes we are anxious to see the old rule of three re
“At Rouen we got a mouthful of dinner, and having Jased even without deference to the paper makers, but resumed our seats in the Diligence, proceeded to the railin this instance the end comes too soon ; and we could have road, where wo stopped under a species of square gate