« AnkstesnisTęsti »
dred men. The mode of life is curious as a relic that of Clarendon, is mainly public history in of the age, and as rare even then. It is the another shape. , We take leave of it with this beau-ideal of the social system, bo !!
extract, which modern statesmen may ponder; * The mansion was inhabited hy several other families, por need Lord John. Russell nor Earl Grey be connected by blood and marriage, and they consorted in here eclipsed. by Sir Robert Peel, unless it, 50
give or to form an please them, Mea. Their mornings were employed by each in their
9,1, 1,77 h i ci'i respective occupations: the culture of a large farın++the
“With us it is a national reproach that authorship has clocking trade, then in a tourishing state--the producing and it has been deemed somewhat discreditable for a man
rather been despised and discountenanced by the great, and manufacturing teasels, woad, madder, and all dyeing hiaterials—the making of bricks and tiles in immense to earn his bread, or to rise into celebrity, by his pen. A quantities, to supply the demand occasioned by rebuilding successful lawyer, or a Parliamentary debater, may overthe ruined city and suburbs. The labours of the day come all the disadvantages of an obscure origin, or of early over; they repnited for refreshment to one common table, poverty, but no degree of mere literary eminence leads to in the great hall of the old nunnery, where seldom fewer political promotion. In subsequent tine's Addison would than twenty or thirty relations and friends of the families not have risen to a post of higher distinction than that of Meesfin daily, and spent their evenings in the utmost editor of a journal. But although he could not open his assembled
and conviviality. The products of the farm, mouth in Parliament, Somers and Montague justly apthe supplies of fish and game, and' viands of every kind, re
preciated his inimitable powers as a writer, and being prirod constantly from their country connexions, fur-courted and caressed by them and the other leaders of the nished their table with abundant plenty, and entitled such Whig party, he became chief Secretary to the Lord Lieucontributors to a place at it without ceremony or reserve.
tenant of Ireland, a Privy Councillor, and Secretary of The annual slaughter of two brawns marked the festivity State. The fashion which they set was adopted by Harof Christmag.'! iti bit fi
ley and the Tories. Swift was received at the table of
the Lord Treasurer with as much distinction as if he had Somers, wa's entered at the Middle Temple, been decorated with the Garter, and Prior was employed and patronised by the young Earl of Shrews- as an ambassador to negotiate the peace of Utrecht. bury, whose estates had been managed by literary reputation, and to discover rising genius. When
Lord Somers was ever eager to do homage to established his father. Introduced by the Earl to men of Pope, lisping in numbers,' gave his boyish composiletters and statesmen, Somers felt the deficiencies tions to the world, of his education, and, at twenty-four, voluntarily "The courtly Talbot, Somers, Sheffield read.'' returned to Oxford, where he remained for some In his own age, Somers was so tolerant as to time an assiduous student. He appears to have have laid himself open to the easily-made charge had the ambition of 'universal accomplishment of indifference to all religion ; and his discourageHe studied the modern languages, and the art ment of the extravagant pretensions of the clergy of English composition, and politics as a sci-drew on him the obloquy of infidelity, though Lord
He soon became the associate of all the Campbell considers him to have been a sincere leading Whigs, and a distinguished politician and believer in the great truths of revealed religion. political writer. Lord Campbell expatiates with And, if he were reckoned too tolerant in the 17th evident delight upon the character and literary century, it can be said in the 19thperformances of the great Whig Chancellor and
“ The most curious consideration, in looking back to statesman. He dwells fondly upon every step of those times, is, that, from a general feeling among Enghis career—the unimportant, and those of the last lish Protestants, with respect to Roman Catholics,—reimportance, to constitutional freedom. Somers sembling that which now prevails in the United States of was , in brief, the author of the “Revolution Set- America, among the whites, with respect to the negroes,
the authors of such reasures had no consciousness them llement,” that Wbig Palladium ; nor can too selves of doing anything wrong, and did not at all thereby much merit be ascribed to his sagacity, foresight, injure their character for liberality with the great body of and firmness at one of the most momentous their countrymen, We can only lament that Lord Somers periods of English history. But Lord Campbell
was not, on this subject, in advance of his age.'. Such
contemplations should make us alarmed lest some laws and admits, that in bringing the sovereign authority practices, which seem to us very harmless, may be reproand privileges within proper bounds, ho some-bated by our posterity.” times attempted to push those of Parliament too
Many scandalous stories were circulated, by party far. Our limits will not permit even the brief- malice or policy, against this great man; and Lord est notice of half this great statesman's career. Campbell always considers it a duty to refute such His "greatest glory" his biographer considers tales, whether he considers them worthy of credit his patronage of Addison and Steele. With
or not. Somers was one of the few chancellors who Lord Campbell, the patronage of poets and men
were not eager to amass wealth. He acquired a of letters makes a Chancellor as famous as ever high reputation in his own time, and posterity has was the Knight of old, who freely dealt forth confirmed it. largesses to the bards and minstrels. Thus ob
Lord Keeper Wright may be passed as one of seure Chancellors — those who “died without the illustrious obscure. And, for his successor, their fame”-have themselves only to blame for Lord Cowper, so great a mass of materials has lacking immortality :
been obtained from the Cowper family, in letters “They had no poet--and they died.”' and diaries, that we have more personal and priEven Thurlow is redeemed by having once given vate history than the importance of this respectable money to Crabbe, when a friendless, unknown, but not remarkably bright public character reyoung poet; and having, though he neglected quired. his early and illustrious friend, Cowper, been The correspondence and diaries of the second kind to Johnson,
Lady Cowper, a woman of wit and spirit, form, The remainder of the biography of Somers, like to general readers, the most agreeable part of this
VOL. XIV.-XO. CXLVII.
biography. The State trials which arose out of for no other cause brut for the lies which you, and the abortive attempt of the Stuarts, in what is such as you, huve invented and told of me.
Lord Cowper had advised the Cabinet Council against familiarly, in Scotland, called “Mar's Year," or
this step, so they did not acquaint him with it when it 1715, are thus noticed by her, in reference to Lord was done.'
• My Lord fell ill agnin the SaCowper passing sentence upon the “Rebel Lords” | turday following, and continued so a great while, which implicated in the Earl of Mar’s mad enterprise :
occasioned a report that he was going out of his place.
Some said he had not health to koep in; others, more “Feb. 9th, the day of the trials.- Vy Lord was named truly, snid the Lords of the Cabinet Council were jealous Lord High Steward, by the King—to his vexation and of his great reputation, and had a mind to have him out, mire ; but it could not be helped, and so we must submit,
so were resolved to weary him out of it ; which last was though we both wished heartily it had been the Earl of Nottingham. The form of the attendance was this from very true, for they had resolved among themselves, with
out acquainting Baron Bernstorff with it, to put my Lord hence the servants had all new liveries ; ten footmen; Chief Justice Parker into his place... I kept four coaches with two horses, and one with six; cighteen house all this time, and saw nobody, and had enough to gentlemen out of livery, and Garter-at-Arms and Usher of do to keep my Lord Keeper trom giving up, and I'm sure the Black Rod in the samo cuach-Garter carrying the the disputes and arguments we had upon that subject wand. I was told it was customary to make fine liveries were wholly the occasion of his staying in, and it was at on this occasion, but had them all plain. I think it very least three weeks before I could prevail.'
• My wrong to make a parade upon so dismal an occasion as that Lord Cowper is so ill that he has a mind to quit office. I of putting to death one's fellow-creatures , nor could I go have made a resolution never to press him more to keep to the trial to see them receive their sentences, having a his place.'--' 15th. My Lord mighty ill, and still had a relation among them--my Lord Widdrington. The Prince mind to quit office. I told him I never would oppose any was there, and came home much touched with compassion thing he had a mind to do, and after arguing calınly upon for them. What pity it is that such cruelties should be the matter, I offered him, if it would be any pleasure done necessary !"
him, to retire with him into the country, and quit too, Of her husband's speech on this memorable oc- and what was more, never to repine at doing it, though casion, Lady Cowper afterwards says :--
it was the greatest sacrifice that could be made him. I "I am delighted beyond measure to lear my Lord's believe ho will accept it.'-'10th. My Lord still ill. speech (at the pronouncing sentence) so commended by Mr. Woodford wishes I should let him hint to old Mr. everybody, but I esteem nobody's commendation like Dr. Craggs that my Lord Keeper's office was too hard for Clarke's, who says, 'Tis superlatively good, and that it him, and mention the former offer, that, if my Lord was is impossible to add or diminish one letter without hurt- weary, he might be Privy Seal, and that my Lord Chiet ing it.' Horace Walpole thus amusingly alludes to the Justice Parker would come into my Lord Cowper's recollection of Lord Cowper's cloquence on this occasion:- | place.'-17th. My Lord better, and not so much of After the second Scotch rebellion Lord Ilardwicke pre-quitting. - 18th. My Lord better, to my, great joy. No sided at the trial of the rebel Lords. Somebody said to
talk of quitting to-day, though I fairly laid it in his way." Sir Charles Wyndham-Oh, you don't think Lord Ilard
This hitch was got over, and Lord Cowper rewicke's speech good, because you heard Lord Cowper's.' tained the Seals and did the State good service for * No,' he replied, but I do think it tolerable, because I three years afterwards. After he had resigned, or heard Serjeant Skinner's' (Lord Campbell subjoins] I been forced to resign, he divided his time between have often been tickled by George I.'s quaint saying, when he heard low Lord Nithsdale bud escaped: - I his seat in the country and his public duties as a was the very best thing a man in his condition could have Peer; while his lady still retained her appointment done.' The entry in Lady Cowper's diary is very ami- and influence with the Princess of Wales. able:- It's confirmed that Lord Nithsdale is escaped. I hope he'll get clear off.
Among the many charges which party malice I never was better pleased at anything in my life, and I believe everybody is the brought against Lord Cowper, was being married
to two wives, which gained him the nickname of When the quarrel between George I. and the “Will. Bigamy.” Lord Campbell takes pains to Prince of Wales grew violent, Lord Cowper, looking refiite a charge which might have been left to Lady forward to the rising sun, attached himself, though Cowper's diaries, and the private correspondence not openly, to the Prince ; and Lady Cowper, be- of the husband with his one affectionate and very ing, at this time, in the household of the Princess, clever wife, to whom he was devotedly attached. and a great favourite, the suspicions of the King
The life of the Tory Chancellor, Lord Harcourt, were drawn upon her husband, and paved the way
the successor of Cowper, is chiefly interesting, as for his downfall. Lady Cowper's diary, illustrat- it permits the reader to see the other side of the ing, and Lord Campbell's text in referring to, the question, and the characters that performed the intrigues of this period, present a complete pieture principal parts among the Tories or Jacobites, of court and official life ; of pitiful plottings and and also the literary men of that party, of whom counter-plottings ; and the vacillation, and ex
Harcourt was the munificent patron. He was of treme reluctance, under all circumstances, with a very ancient and distinguished Saxon family.. which a great minister resigns office :
Lord Campbell, who has great faith in the uses of " In October, 1715, she says, “They had done a world adversity, and in every young lawyer being left to of things to force Lord Cowper to quit, who was their fight his own unaided way to fortune and fame, superior in everything, because they were afraid of his records the eminent success of Cowper, the son of honesty and plain dealing.'
My Lord was a baronet, and of Lord Ilarcourt, as exceptions visited by the Duke of Somerset, who repeated all the conversation he had with Lord Townshend upon his dis
to his general rule. mission, Lord Townshend came to the Duke of Somer
We find nothing in the life of Harcourt of more set, and, with a sorrowful air, told him he was sorry to interest than the account of De Foe, sent to the tell him that the king had sent hiin to tell his Grace pillory by him, as Attorney-General, for the pubthat he had no farther occasion for his services. The lication of “The shortest way with the DissenDuke of Somerset said, Pray, my Lord, what is the reason of it? Lord Townsbend answers he did not ters,” a seditious and “blasphemous libel.” This know. Then, says the Duke of Somerset, by G-, my libel was called forth by the afterwards notorious Lord, you lie; you know that the King puis me out sermons of Sacheverell; and we cannot do better
than quote Lord Campbell's account of the whole | The mob drank the health of De Foc, and cursed the affair.
Attorney-General. The culprit was pelted with roses,
and covered with garlands. "* Sacheverell, beginning to preach the course of ser
• The people were expected
to treat me very ill,' he tells us, but it was not so. On mons which at last brought him into such notoriety, had the contrary, they wished those who had set mo thero Lately
, with great applause, announced from the pulpit placed in my room, and expressed their affections by loud to the enlightened University of Oxford, that the priest shouts and acclamations when I was taken down. There could not be a true son of the Church who did not hang
was no foundation for the report that his ears were cut out the bloody flag and banner of defiance' against all
off. who questioned her doctrines or her discipline. This tion this prosecution, and to censuro Harcourt's share in
I have been reluctantly obliged to men- , discourse being hawked about in the streets for twopence, it, but we must chiefly blame the spirit of the ago in was very generally read, and was making a very deep which he lived, and we should remember in mitigation impression on the public mind. The celebrated Daniel De Foe, one of the greatest literary genuises the island of that more than a century afterwards, and in our own Great Britain has ever produced, at this period of his generation, sentence of the pillory was pronounced upon checkered career. carrying on a prosperous trade and Leigh Ilunt, a poet admired by many, and on Lord Cochkeeping his coach, was roused by the love of civil and rane, admitted by all to be one of the most gallant and religious liberty, which ever burned in his bosom, and skilful oficers who ever adorned the naval service of saying that “ he would make an effort to stay the plague," | England, neither of whom had committed any offence wrote and published anonymously his celebrated tract
deserving punishment. entitled “The shortest way with the Dissenters.' It We have, after all, no very great reason to affected to personate the opinions and style of the most exult in the progress of civil government from furious of the ultra High Churchmen, and to set forth, with perfect gravity and earnestness, the extreme of the
the era of Queen Anne to that of William ferocious intolerance to which their views and wishes IV. tended. A finer specimen of serious frony is not to be The Tory and Jacobite Chancellor, Harcourt, found in our language, and it may be placed by the was in his tastes and habits more like the munifiside of Swift's · Argument against the Abolition of Chris- cent Wolsey than the greater number of the motianity,' . . Such was the existing state of society, that for some time both sides were taken in.
ney-hoarding and parsimonious persons who have conformists were struck with the dread of coming perse- held the Great Seal; as, for example, his immecution; valorous supporters of the Divine obligation of diate successor, Thomas Parker, Lord Macclesimposing episcopacy on all Christians loudly shouted field, who fought his way from the attorney his applause. A Cambridge fellow wrote to thank his Lon- father's office, in Leake in Staffordshire, to the don bookseller for sending down such an excellent treatise, which was considered in the combination rooms there, woolsack, from which he was precipitated on evinext after the Holy Bible and the Church Liturgy, the dence of the most gross and open corruption in the most valuable book ever printed! But when the hoax sale of offices. It probably did not help the imwas discovered, both parties were equally in a rage peached Chancellor when on trial by his Peers, against the unlucky author; and when his name was discovered, there was a general cry that he should be
" that noble lords” might not consider the counpiloried. In this the Presbyterian fanatics joined, be try attorney's son their peer. The remaining cause they owed him a grudge for having on former consolation of Macclesfield was the large fortune occasions ventured to laugh at some of their absurdities that remained to him after his fine of £30,000 They pretended to say that such a pamphlet was a scurs had been paid. Lord Campbell conjectures that rilous irreverence to religion and authority, and they would have done of it. Nay, a puritanical colonel said, his old age must have been listless and cheerless, 'be'd undertake to be hangman rather than the author and that he may have regretted that he ever left should want a pass out of the world.''
his original profession of an attorney; and thus, The prosecution was commenced; and a verdict with some naiveté he moralises on the ex-chanwas obtained by craft and quibble. Tho Jury, cellor's life and death; his last illness, and “his being restricted in the exercise of those rights and pious end.” functions, which give to Trial by Jury all its con- “In this state of listless existence Lord Macclesfield stitutional value, found the fact of publication languished nearly seven years. At last, on the 28th proved ; and judgment being craved by Harcourt, day of April, 1732, he was relieved from his sad reflecthe Judges gave forth the law and sentence. tions on the sale of masterships, and from the wretched"Mr. Attorney-General instantly prayed judgment, and
ness of non-official life. While at his son's house in Soho the judges who, happily for them, are forgotten, sen
Square he had a severe access of strangury-a complaint tended him whose naine will be remembered with affection from which he had before often suffered, but which was as long as our nation or language remains, 'to pay a fine
now so violent and painful that he was iminediately imof 200 marks, to be imprisoned during the Qucen's pleu- pressed with the conviction that it would prove mortal. sure, to stand three times in the pillory, and to find sure
His mind being weakened to superstition, he foretold that ties for bis good behaviour for seven years. He re
• as his mother had died of that disense on the eighth day, turned to his cell in the firm belief that he was forth with he should do the same.' On the morning of the eighth to be pardoned and liberated; but he was told, the next day he declared that he felt himself .drowning inwardly, day, that he must prepare to undergo bis punishment. and dying from the feet upwards.' He is said to have Codismayed, he sat down, and composed his most felici- received, in a very exemplary manner, the consolations of tous poetical cffusion, entitled, 'A llymn to the Pillory,' religion, and to have taken leave of his family and housewith a view to be reverged of his prosecutors. The fol- hold with the same calm cheerfulness as if he had been boring stanza is evidently aimed at the Attorney-General, setting out upon a journey with the prospect of a speedy whom he suspected, however unjustly, of having deceived re-union with those he loved. A little before midnight, Macclesfield's successor, Lord King, the founder
being informed that the physician was gone, he said • Tell them, the men that placed him here,
faintly .and I am going also, but I will close my eyelids Are scandals to the times;
myself.' He did so, and breathed no more. Thus, in Are at a lose to find his guilt,
the sixty-sixth year of his age, he piously closed a career And can't coramit his crimes.'
long eminently prosperous-at last deeply disastrous. This was published, and sold in thousands the day he who can tell whether he would have made so good an stood in the pillory before the Royal Exchange; and it end if cut off without having experienced any reverse ? was in everybody's mouth the two following days, when
to add greater honours to his age be stood in the pillory in Cheapside- and at Temple Bar. Than man could give him, he died fearing God.'”
Campbell delights to heap upon the venerable of a noble family, as so many English chan- philosopher. cellors have been, was a man of
“ He could not move from home, but he insisted on an
very different character. He was the son of a grocer in Exeter, a
immediate visit from the new-married pair; and on their
wedding day thus wrote the author of the Essay on the man of respectable character, and a Presbyterian, Human Understanding, the Analysis of the Principles of who had married the sister of the philosopher, John Free Government, the Apostle of Toleration, the first Locke. His son, Peter King, was for some years intelligent advocate of useful Education, the founder of *" in the shop,” but the strong inclination which he Free Trade in England:
• Oates, 16th Sept., -04. displayed for reading induced his uncle to send the
* Dear Cousin,---I am just rose from dinner, where the youth to the University of Leyden, whom neither bride and bridegroom's health was heartily drank, again Oxford nor Cambridge, by their constitutions, and again, with wishes that this day may be the beginning could have received. Law was ultimately chosen of a very happy life to them both. We hope we have hit as his future profession, and he was distinguished, the time right; if not, it is your fault who have misled
The if not by brilliant talents, by great industry and us. I desire you to bring me down twenty guineas.
wooden stand-dish, and the Turkish travels of the Exeter unblemished virtue. Locke appears to have taken man, I know you will not forget. But there are other a constant and hearty interest in the studies and things of more importance on this occasion, which you prospects of his young kinsman; and his letters ought not to omit, viz. :-4 dried neat's tongues. 12 addressed to his “cousin" form a delightful feature Partridges that are fresh and will bear the carriage, and in the Life. As a necessary step in his progress, I said of the partridges the same I say of the pheasants. 4
will keep a day after they are here, 4 pheasants. The same and also for great public ends, the philosopher Turkey poults ready larded, if they be not out of season. had wished to see the young barrister in the 4 fresh auburn rabbits, if they are to be got. Plovers, House of Commons; and, fairly in the House, he or woodcocks, or snipes, or whatever else is good to be thus wisely cautioned and congratulated him on
got at the poulterer's, except ordinary tame fowls. 12
Chichester male lobsters, if they can be got alive--if not, his maiden speech:
6 dead ones that are sweet. 2 large crabs that are fresh.
“Feb. 29th, 1702. Crawfish and prawns, if they are to be got. A double " Dear Cousin, -I am very glad the ice is broke, and barrel of the best Colchester oysters. I have writ to that it has succeeded so well; but now you have showed John Gray to offer you his service. He was bred up in the House that you can speak, I advise you to let them my old Lord Shaftesbury's kitchen, and was my Lady see you can hold your peace, and let nothing but some Dowager's cook. I got him to be messenger to the point of law, which you are perfectly clear in, or the Council of Trade and Plantations, and have often emutmost necessity call you up again.”
ployed him when I have had occasion in matters of this
nature, when I have found him diligent and useful. I King, from this time, wisely attended much more desire you also to lay out between twenty and thirty to law than politics and made rapid advances in shillings in dried sweetmeats of several kinds, such as his profession. In intervals of leisure he visited his some woman skilful in those matters shall choose as fit aged uncle at Oates, repaying by almost filial died, of which we are provided). Let them be good of
and fashionable (excepting orange and lemon peel candevotion the attention and kindness bestowed the kind, and do not be sparing in the cost, but rather upon his education by the venerable friend who exceed 30 shillings. These things you must take care to had been to him more than a father.
bring down with you, that I may, on this short warning, The lawyer, now thirty-four, and at the head have something to entertain your friends, and may not be
out of countenance while they are here. If there be anyof his profession, was engaged to be married to a thing that you can find your wife loves, be sure that proyoung lady of “sense and wit,” but even this vision be made of that and plentifully, whether I have tender engagement did not prevent him from mentioned it or no. Pray, let there be a pound of pisobeying this pathetic summons from his dying tachios, and some China oranges, if there be any come in." uncle:
Philosophers, it appears, can take some
“ June 1st, 1704. for sublunary matters, especially where their affec“I remember it is the end of a term, a busy time with tions are interested. Locke wished to present a you, and you intend to be here speedily, which is better set of toilet plate to his fair cousin as his wedding than writing at a distance. Pray, be sure to order your gift, and he hoped that John Gray would be able matters so as to spend all the next week with me; as far
to prepare a dinner worthy of the joyous occasion. as I can impartially guess, it will be the last week I am ever like to have with you; for, if I mistake not, I have
“ John Gray performed his part to admiration, showing very little time left in the world. This comfortable, and that he had served under a great master in the sçavoir to me usually restorative, season of the year, has no
vivre. The philosopher himself could taste little beyond ettect upon me for the better: on the contrary, all appear
a crust of bread and a cup of water ; but he was the most ances concur to warn me that the dissolution of this cheerful of the party, and felt true happiness in making others cottage is not far off. Refuse not, therefore, to help me happy. The wedding-party bad scarcely left him, when, to pass some of the last hours of my life as easily as may
the cold weather returning, his asthma and his other conbe, in the conversation of one who is not only the nearest plaints were worse than they had ever been, and he knew but the dearest to me of any man in the world. I have that certainly his hour was come. But, in the consciousa great many things to talk with you, which I can talk to
ness of a well-spent life, and far more in a firm faith of nobody else about. I, therefore, desire you again deny the great truths of the Gospel, his serenity was unclouded. not this to my affection. I know nothing at such a time He had before executed his will, leaving King the bulk of 60 desirable and so useful as the conversation of a friend his property; and now he wrote to him the following letone loves and relies on.'
ter, more fully to explain his wishes, and to bid him a last
farewell." His visit in June helped to restore the old man Locke's farewell letter to his nephew is worthy to temporary health, and in the following Sep- of his character, and of his “ “firm faith.”
He tember Locke, considerably revived, was able to writes:ongratulate the bride and bridegroom.—Let us
""Oates, 4th Oct., 1704. c ve to Locke all the ennobling titles that Lord “ That you will faithfully execute all that you find i
mp will I cannot doubt, my dear cousin ; nor can I less | honours and wealth, presents more attraction. depend upon your following my directions, and complyiug Like Macclesfield, Philip Yorke was the son of a with my desires in things not fit to be put into so solemn country attorney, and “ thus to the manner born.” and public a writing.
"i You will find, amongst my papers, several subjects He never was at any school, save a private one proposed to my thoughts, which are very little more than kept by a dissenter ; nor at any university. But extempore views, laid down in sudden and imperfect drafts, he was, as his biographer states, a which, though intended to be revised, and farther looked lad,” and at fourteen, in spite of the remoninto afterwards, yet, by the intervention of business, or preferable inquiries, happened to be thrust aside, and so
strances of his presbyterian mother, who wished las neglected, and sometimes quite forgotten. Some of him bred to some “ honester trade," Philip them, indeed, did engage my thoughts at such a time of was sent to his father's agent in London, who leisure, and in such a temper of mind, that I laid them not received him as an articled clerk, and, as a wholly by upon the first interruption, but took them in favour, without a fee. hnad again as occasion served, and went on, in pursuance
His assiduity and steadiof my first design, till I had satisfied inyself in the inquiry ness were unparalleled; and he contrived to please | at first proposed. Of this kind is, 1-My discourse his mistress as well as he did his master, for the
Of seeing all things in God;" 2-My discourse Of Mir- obliging Master Philip, afterwards the arrogant acies;" 3-My Conduct of the Understanding;. 4- and haughty Lord Chancellor of England, did Papers inscribed, Physica ;' 5-My • Commentaries on the Epistle of St. Paul.' (After directions respecting
not hesitate to run her errands, and even to fetch their publication, the management of his affairs, and the home little articles for her housekeeping, from Copayment of his legacies, he concludes in a tone of great vent Garden market. Wanting the usual advantenderness : )- Remember, it is my earnest request to tages of education, he took to cultivating English you, to take care of the youngest son of Sir Francis and Lady Mashamn, in all his concerns, as if he were your bro- composition, an accomplishment in which great ther
. He has never failed to pay me all the respect, and lawyers are often exceedingly deficient; and it do me all the good offices he was capable of performing, must have had important consequences on his with all manner of cheerfulness and delight; so that I future tastes, that Steele, having been either lazy camot acknowledge it too much. I must, therefore, de- or hard run for an article one morning, brought sire you, and leave it as a charge upon you, to help me to do it when I am gone. Take care to make him a good, which was the veritable composition of Philip
out a letter, dropt into the Spectator's Lion's head, an bonest, and an upright man. I have left my directions with him to follow your advice, and I know he will do it, Yorke, alias Philip Homebred. It is no great før he never refused to do what I told him was fit. If he things in any view, and Lord Campbell is cerhad been my own son, he could not have been more care- tainly right when he says ful to please and observe me. I wish you all manner of prosperity in this world, and the everlasting happiness of “ Had he taken to literature as a trade, he would have the world to come. That I loved you, I think you are con- had poor encouragement from Lintot and Cave, and he vinced. God send us a happy meeting in the resurrection would hardly have risen to the distinction of being one of of the just! Adieu !
the heroes of the Dunciad. I fear me it will be said that Joun Locke.'" a great lawyer is made ex quovis ligno, and that he who
would starve in Grub Street from dullness-If he takes to Lord Campbell rightly pronounces this rela- Westminster Hal-may become the most illustrious tionship more honourable to the future Chancellor of Chancellors.'
He wisely adhered to jurithan “to have been the son of a Duke, or a
ridical studies, and laboured more and more assiduously
to qualify himself for his profession.” Knight of the Garter.”
Lord Chancellor King, steadfast to liberal But the indifferent essayist became one of the principles, and unblemished in public as in private most eminent Equity judges that England ever life, held the Seals for eight years, and only re- possessed, so that his Chancellorship was termed signed “the bauble” from impaired health, and, the Golden Age of Equity." He swept away with little regret: he died soon afterwards. Of and kept down arrears with a vigorous arm, and his four sons little is said, except that in another pronounced many sound judgments in important generation, the talent of the founder of the family questions, affecting extensive legal rights. This broke forth with increased lustre. The late Lord must be set against that fearful addition to King—not more remarkable for wit, eloquence, the severity of the penal code which origiand every quality that attracts affection, than for nated with Hardwicke, who made many felonies that clear and penetrating understanding which capital which had till then been only transplaced him so far in advance of his age, and of portable offences; and among the number, fornearly every individual among his Whig contem- gery. “But,” adds Lord Campbell, to whom poraries—was the grandson of the youngest of the belongs the honourable distinction of being an Chancellor's sons. Lord Campbell says, very ardent reformer of the penal law, “this bloody baturally and kindly, “the Chancellor is now code did not reach its full measure of atrocity till represented in the direct male line by the Earl of towards the close of the reign of George III., Lovelace, whom I rejoice to see deservedly raised when it was defended and eulogized by Lord to the peerage, but whom, from my regard for the Eldon.” What bad law did that learned Lord memory of old Sir Peter, I should have been still not eulogize? better pleased to have hailed as Earl King.” Hardwicke, now Lord Chancellor, and, in his
The life of the next Chancellor, Lord Talbot, own idea, a great statesman, sought to gratify the is not one of pre-eminent interest, though he was, court, or the Queen, by his extreme zeal, against as a private character, far above the average the citizens of Edinburgh, for the hanging of of state dignitaries.
Porteous. His bill went to repealing the city Hardwicke’s biography—that of an able, un-charter, razing the city gates, and abolishing the serupulous, and lucky adventurer, in search of city guard. All this we notice to introduce Lord