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large portion of the imperial business, they would us; but then he quoted from Porter be most conveniently located in that country, we loch, neither of whom was acqainted with the should like to see his wish gratified. And we subject. Sir R. Kane's work on the “*' Industrial have no doubt that, if the Irish people were rich, Resources of Ireland,” like his instructions show they would consume a greater quantity of taxable to preserve potatoes” in 1815, is from beginning articles ; but the way to make them richer is to to end a mass of ill-digested crudities. He give the farmer security for the fruit of his toil quoted, as we have said, from M'Culloch, who, in and improvements ; to dissipate the idle dream, the edition of his Commercial Dictionary for that capital employed in manufactures and com- | 1846, page 789, says

1.14 merce is insecure in that country ; to render it-" « The

only real and effectual legislativo encouragement as it may be easily rendered -a more copiously the manufacture has ever met with, has been the reducproducing land ; to put its fields in heart, and tion of the duties on fax and tremp, and the relinquisiting its farms in order; to drain its bogs, and deepen of the absurd attempts to force their growth at home." its rivers ; to make its leading highways of iron : This was written at a time when the Ulster Fax to work in Ireland as overwhere else, is the way Society were making the most anxious efforts to to riches.

extend the growth of flax-when they had raised 7. Mr. O'Connell, in this paragraph, winds its average quantity and value at least twenty: up his case; and we shall not express any opinion five per cent.—when the English h manufacturers farther than is already contained in our notes,

were regularly sending purchasers to that mars how far the case is made good ; but

ket--when the Belfast manufacturers had almost 8. With the state of Belfast we are minute- entirely ceased to import foreign flax__and when ly acquainted; and our statement was not that the value of that grown in Ulster alone'averaged Belfast was prosperous in comparison with other from £1,500,000 to £2,000,000 annually. Mr. places in Ireland, but that it was absolutely so—

M'Culloch is, notwithstanding, a great commeror, at least, prosperous as compared with large

putri11111rpoi) to

cial authority. towns in any other part of the world. Only two

Dundee, we are told, manufactures as much or three towns in Scotland or England have in- linen as all Ireland -and for manufactures we creased with equal rapidity since the date of the should read exports, because Dundee buys more Union. Mr. Porter, in his “ Progress of the Na- than it makes. It is very probable that a single tion," page 176, says

* For reasons already given, this method of showing than half-a-dozen pen-knife makers in Sheffield": the extension of other branches of the woollen manufac- but it does not follow that he does an equal or ture is not equally available; but, when it is seen, that a greater business." The circumstances are siprincipal towns in Yorkshire has been far more than Belfast a fine article." A yard of the one may since the beginning of the century the population of the milar in this case--Dundee makes a heavy, and doubled, this fact must be taken as a strong corroboration of the opinion already expressed, as to the general pros

be four, five, and sometimes ten

a times the price perity of the manufacture.

of the other. We presume that cambric hand1801. 1841. kerchiefs cost ten times the price of cotton baggPopulation of Halifax, 63,434 130,743

ing by the yard, and yet contain less than a Huddersfield, 14,848 38,454 Leeds, 53,162 152,054

tenth part of the material. “ The exports of linen Rochdale, 39,766 84,718"

from Ireland were :-

134,563,868 yds i Tried by the same rule, the prosperity of Belfast 1815

uniqu43,482,865 yds. 113 has been much greater than any of these towns.

moo55, 113,265 yds.ast It is principally built on the estate of the Marquis Since then there have been no regular accounts of Donegall; and it was remarked at the death of kept ; but the trade has increased in, at least, the late Marquis-two years since--that the popu- equal proportions, as we shall immediately seelation had been multiplied by ten from his birth and in that ratio the exports of 1845 would be to his death-a large increase in the life of one 85,000,000 yards. man, who died without attaining to remarkable Mr. O'Connell quotes some statements regardlongevity. From 1834 to 1846, the population of ing a decrease in the direct foreign exports, and, the town and suburbs is said to have been doubled; undoubtedly, the only direct trader that to and nobody suspects any increase of that kind re- France-has fallen ; but every person conversant specting towns that are not absolutely prosperous with the business knows that the exports are

9. We are pained to find Mr. O'Connell toss- made chiefly through Liverpool. ing Mr. Muggeridge's blue book of the handloom With regard to the number of flax/mills, we, Commission at our head so unmercifully. We in Scotland, should not have to tell Mr. O'Concertainly thought that Muggeridge's report was nell, or Sir R. Kane, that they afford. no criterion never more to be resuscitated. An almanac of of the business transacted, because until recently, 1800 would have been higher authority. Mr. perhaps even yet, a great quantity of yarns was Kirk is a very well informed and very cautious imported from England; while for many fabrics gentleman, and MF. Moncrieff had evidently mis- the yarn was hand-spun, and for some of the taken the character of the Commissioners, who, finest is even yet hand-spun. However, we find we believe, were sane men ; while Mr. Sproule that the increase of flax mills in the three counmerely committed the common error of mistaking tries, from 1835 to 1839, was 45, of which 17 Tyrone his own county, for Ulster. Sir R. Kane were in England, 13 in Scotland, and 15 in Ireis, perhaps, the heaviest authority brought against land. The number stopped in the same period


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was 2:3, of which 12 were in England, 7 in Scot- porary, but terrible sufferings. Could Ireland land, and 4 in Ireland. The real increase, there have gone to the market to borrow eight millions fore, was 5 in England, 6 in Scotland, and 11 in in that confidence with which Sir Charles Wood Ireland. The increase of operatives employed talks of the sum? Could it have been obtained

on Irish account alone at 3} per cent.? We In England,


fear not. In Scotland,


11. We are anxious to see local affairs under In Ireland,


local management; while general business can be And though Sir R. Kane seems unacquainted most fitly transacted by a central body. with the fact, the difference in the eight years

12. We have hopes that the mournful anticipasince 1839 is still greater,

tions of our correspondent will not be fulfilled. 10. The Scotch absenteeism is, we think, not Parliament, we trust, will rob him of his reasons lees prejudicial or intense than the Irish; and our for pressing this question. For our own part, we only object, in referring to France and Belgium, have merely given space for the statement of these was to show that the Union was not the cause of reasons: and that we consider to have been just, existing suffering. We doubt even if the Repeal both to those who seek, and those who resist this of the Union would not have increased these tem- great change,


of one.

Travels in the Interior of Brazil, principally through, he was seated on a chair beside her ; she had recently been the Northern Provinces, and the Gold and Diamond smoking, an almost universal accomplishment anong the

ladies in the interior-as a long pipe was lying near her, Districts, during the years 1836–1641. By GEORGE

and the floor beneath bore strong indications of excessive Gardsen, F.L.S., Superintendent of the Royal Botanic expectoration. I was desired to be seated, and was inGardens of Ceylon. Octavo, pp. 562. London: Reeve, mediately inundated with a flood of questions from the Brothers.

good lady, who possessed a great volubility of tongue.

Among a host of others, I may enumerate the following: This narrative of Travels is introduced with singular What countryman are you? What is your name? How modesty. The author disclaims having given any better ac

old are you? Are you a medical man ? Are you mar

ried ? Are your father and mother alive? Have you any count of the wide Empire of Brazil than many previous tra

sisters? What are their names? Have all your ceuntryrollers, but states that he has described portions of it that

men blue eyes? Have you churches and priests in your either remain unvisited or undescribed. The main object of country? Do oranges and bananas grow there ? &c. &c. his wanderings through “ antres vast and deserts idle" was It, however, she was inquisitive about my concerns, she natural science, and especially botany, for which, during herself. Thus she informed me that she was married when

was not much less disposed te tell me all that related to his medical studies, he had imbibed what may be termed she was nineteen years of age, that she was now five years a passion. The glowing descriptions which Humboldt had married, and in that time had presented her husband with given of the magnificent scenery and rich Flora of the yearly gifts-all of whom were alive, with the exception

ller husband, she said, was thirty-six years of tropical regions he had traversed, determined the choice of Mr. Gardner; which was farther confirmed by the advice age, and she desired ine to feel his pulse, as he was al

ways complaining of bail health. I soon discovered his of Sir William T. Hooker. He was finally sent out under complaint to be indigestion-one of the most frequent ills distinguished patronage, a missionary of science; and, that Brazilians are subject to ; arising, no doubt, from with no little personal hardship, and some danger, he

the enormous quantities which they eat, and that gene

rally not of the most digestive materials, as well as from contrived to penetrate into little-visited, if not wholly the late heavy suppers which they indulge in. I had then unknown parts of the interior, besides those places on to feel her pulse in turn, and she seemed quite pleased the coast which have often been described by European

when I told her it was an excellent one. I afterwards betravellers. The narrative of his varied adventures, in

came very intimate with them, and spent many agreeable

hours in their society.” those far-spread desultory wanderings, forms not only to the enthusiast botanist, but to the general reader, an ex- It is not a new discovery, that industry and science are ceedingly entertaining, and also instructive, book, from more powerful to ward off scarcity, or actual famine, than the new view which it gives of the society of Brazil - a rich soil and favourable climate. At Peba, in this fine particularly in its less-known provinces. It is, however, province, Mr. Gardner found the inhabitants in as low a from a middle region---neither well known nor very re- condition as are at present all the Irish and Scottish Highmote—that we glean our first specimen of Mr. Gardner's landers, and from causes not very dissimilar. Their ehief unpretending and agreeable narrative, The scene is on food is fish and mandiocca, and the partial failure of both the Rio San Francisco:

necessaries had thrown them into a state of starva“ The North Americans, particularly those of the backtion. Their modes of fishing do not seem anything in settlements, are celebrated for their inquisitiveness; but advance of those of the natives of New Holland. - Wherthis seems to be a very general failing with all those who

ever Mr. Gardner went he found abundance of patients, are shut out from frequent intercourse with strangers : a curious instance of this feeling occurred a few days after and a very remarkable degree of ignorance and bigotry I returned to Penêdo. I had brought letters from Maccio among the priests. At Ico, a considerable town in the to a gentleman who lived here with a married brother; interior province of Ceara, one of his frequent visiters was they were among the most respectable people in the place.

a priest, who was very inquisitive regarding all that reAlthough not yet eleven o'clock, I found the lady, a remarkably fine and good-looking woman, with her husband, lated to England, and who asked the stranger if he was busily engaged at cards, she lying in a hammock, while baptized. On being told that the stranger had been bap

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tized in the Protestant faith, the priest said, “Ah, then, , in station and intiuence, till created a noble on the coroyou are a pagan." The pagan was, however, expected nation of the Emperor, and invested with the government to cure all manner of diseases.

of his province. The last fifty or sixty years, or the events which they Our traveller found the Barão, or Governor, exceeding have witnessed, have produced, in all quarters of the friendly and hospitable, during his long residence in a world, a greater number of remarkable men than many place which only one Englishman had visited previously. previous generations. One of these is the Barão de Par- | The life and habits of this chief are quite those of the mahiba, who, having risen from the lowest class of the head of a Highland clan some centuries since. people, now rules the province of Pianhy, in which he dines,” says Mr. Gardner, “quite in the old baronial resides, with absolute sway; though, like so many others, fashion-his table, which is very long, extending from one it sends deputies to the National Chambers at Rio. The end to the other of a large room. He sits in a chair at Barão possesses talents for government ; and, though the the head of it, and his guests are seated on long forms enactment of some good laws has made him unpopular

at each side, the lowest place being often filled by his comwith the higher orders, his infringement of the principles

monest shepherds. of political economy, in a way which Lord George Ben

Those who select entertaining reading for young pertinek might quote with approbation, has made him a

sons—which, at the same time, gives, or insinuates, usefavourite with those who like to get their beef or farinha ful information—will find much admirable material in at a law-prescribed rate. But, though compelling his this volume. Nowhere are more diverting tame monkeys, neighbours to sell cheaply, he contrives to send his own

or such enormous boa-constrictors, to be heard of. One cattle to a distant and better market. The history of this of the latter, a few days before Mr. Gardner reached a uneducated man is not a little curious.

We quote only halting-place, had actually swallowed a horse,(!) and, of its commencement:

course, paid with its life the penalty of its voracity. One " To those who are interested in the history of Brazil, of the most attractive sections of the volume is an account a slight sketch of the life of so extraordinary a man as the of an expedition to the Diamond District, and the manner Barão de Parnahiba may not be uninteresting, as his of working the mines and diamond washing, which is no name is intimately connected with the establishment of the Independence of the Northern provinces. Ilis father | longer a government monopoly—every man who chooses was a native of the Azores, and was very poor when he trying his own luck, and finding the usual reward of the arrived in Brazil, but he soon married a lady possessed of a great majority of those whose trade is gambling. The snall property. Of the family resulting from this union, the

history of one is nearly that of all. Not one in a subject of this notice was the eldest, being born in the year 1776. His only education consisted in being able to read hundred thousand adventurers obtains the great prize.nud write, and in acquiring a slight knowledge of arith- Mankind have had abundant lessons of the superiority of metic. His first occupation was that of a cowherd ( vaquei- honest, patient industry, to the precarious chance of lucky ro) to his father, who died when he was only twenty years hits; and the miners of Brazil afford another warning to of age, leaving him a Fazenda worth about 1500 cruzados, (€200 sterling); during his childhood, he was brought up small and great speculators. by a god-mother, who at her death left him another Fa- “I was assured,'' says the travellerzenda of nearly equal value. After his father's death, “I was assured, by one of the most extensive miners in not content with the occupation of vaqueiro, he began to the district, that the excitement produced by this kind oflife purchase cattle, with the view of taking them to Bahia is like that of a gambler-whoever enters upon it never refor sale, to which place he continued to go every year, till

nounces it. The district which gives rise to this curious about twenty-five years ago; although from that period, up

source of industry is comprised within the space of fourteen to the present, he has never failed to send annually a drove leagues square, and it is beneath the mark to state, that of cattle to the same market. Shortly after his father's 10,000 individuals subsist entirely upon the product of diadeath, he was enlisted, as was then the custom, into the monds and gold extracted from its soil. It is not, however, cavalry militia : here he was soon advanced to the post of so much the miners, as the shopkeepers, who reap the greatairporal, which he held for a long time ; he was next ele- est share of profit from this source of industry, all of whom rated to the rank of ensign, and about the same time was trade more or less in diamonds and gold-dust; which they apminted treasurer of the national rents. Occupied in take from the miners in exchange, for the supply of their this raanner, he continued till the period of the declaration

own wants, and those of their slaves. It is rare to meet of Independence, when his name had acquired but little with a miner who is not in debt to some shopkeeper, weight in the province, being better known for his cunning to whom he is bound to give in payment the product of disposition and uncouth manners, than for any more emi- his washings, at a lower rate than he could obtain, if he Bent qualities. It was his custom to bestow gifts and liad the advantage of offering them in an open market to attentions, and be very obsequious to all persons high in the highest bidder. The life of a shopkeeper, though not Authority, such as governors, judges, &c., providing al

so exciting as that of a miner, is one, however, less subways men, horses, and provisions, to bring them up from ject to risk; he generally soon grows rich, while the poor the coast. In this manner he ingratiated himself into miner struggles on in poverty, his greatest source of haptheir favour, and after their arrival was always their most piness existing in hopes that are seldom realised. obedient servant ; and without regard to their line of po- *“ Slaves are allowed to work, on their own account, on litics, was ever a staunch supporter of their measures : he Sundays and holidays, not on the serviços of their masmade it his endeavour, on all occasions, to gain the good ters, but anywhere else, except on the royal preserves ; opinion of the religious part of the community, by show- and it is was told to me as a remarkable fact, that most ing himself to be a great friend to all that belonged to the of the largest diamonds found in this district have been church, on which account he was anxious to be appointed found by slaves on these occasions. It is not, however, director of its festivals, on which he did not hesitate to

an unfair inference to conclude, that as the blacks are spend considerable sums. In this manner he obtained the

most expert thieves, some of those stones at least have good-will and friendship of the priesthood.”

been stolen. Better opportunities now exist for more By playing his part adroitly in the endless subsequent readily disposing of diamonds thus obtained, than when

the working was entirely in the hands of the Government. revolutions, the Barão, by adhering to the cause of the

In those days they were mostly disposed of clandestinely Faperor, promoted his own views of interest and ambi

to contraband dealers, many of whom used to hide themtion. Profiting by every turn of affairs, he gradually rose I selves in the mountains by day, and at night visit the

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haunts of the slaves to purchase the stolen property ; even “In Brazil, as in all other countries, there is more the shopkeepers were deeply in these illicit transactions. crime in large towns than in the agricultural districts. The Juiz de Paz, who was during the period of my visit, This arises from the greater facilities which exist in the one of the richest merchants in the city, owes his fortune former for obtaining ardent spirits; yet, among the black to the following circumstance. At the time Brazil still population, intoxication is not often observed, even dense remained under the dominion of Portugal, he was proprie- as it is in Rio de Janeiro. tor of a small shop, and occasionally made a journey to “ On most of the plantations the slaves are well atRio de Janeiro to purchase goods. One evening, return- tended to, and appear to be very happy. Indeed, it is a ing from one of theso long journeys, having retired to rest characteristic of the negro, resulting no doubt from his earlier than usual, he heard some one knocking at his careless disposition, that he very soon gets reconciled to door, to which he at first paid no attention, concluding it his condition. I have conversed with slaves in all parts only to be some customer, but, as the noise continued, he of the country, and have met with but very few who exat last arose, whon he saw a slave who had come to offer pressed any regret at having been taken from their own a Inrge diamond for sale that weighed about two penny country, or a desire to return to it. On some of the large weights and a third. The price asked for it was six hun estates at which I have resided for short periods, the dred mil-reis, at that time equal to about £180 sterling; number of slaves often amounted to three or four hunbut not having so much money in his possession at the dred, and, but for my previous knowledge of their being moment, he was obliged to borrow some for the occasion. such, I could never have found out, from my own obserEarly next morning, he set off on his return to Rio de rations, that they were slaves. I saw a set of contented Janeiro with his purchase, stating to his friends that he and well-conditioned labourers turning out from their lithad forgotten some important business which could only tle huts, often surrounded by a small garden, and probe settled by his presence. On reaching the capital, he ceeding to their respective daily occupations, from which found it necessary to use great caution in endeavouring to they returned in the evening, but not broken and bent dispose of his prize, as all trade in diamonds was at that down with the severity of their tasks. The condition of time contraband, any one found dealing in them being the domestic slave is, perhaps, even better than that of condemned to ten years' transportation to Angola, on the the others ; his labour is but light, and he is certainly coast of Africa, his property being at the same time con- better fed and clothed.” fiscated, and sold for the benefit of Government. At last

Mr. Gardner, however, throws doubt over his statehe was prevailed to dispose of it for 20,000 mil-reis, about .£6,000, which amount was paid to him in hard dollars. ments when he speaks of the general dread subsisting of Never having seen so large a sum of money, he was per- revolt among the black population, and talks of the "asfectly astonished at its amount when it was brought to certained mental inferiority” of the negroes. It is from hiin, and, after regarding it for some time, he asked, with the numerous and free mixed race, who unite " the sugreat simplicity, if it all belonged to him. Shortly afterwords, the individual who bought the diamond sold it for perior intellect of the white with the inferiority and cun40,000 mil-reis, and when the Juiz learned its great value, ning of the black,” that he anticipates the greatest fuand found that he might have sold it for at least a third ture mischief. From the "savage rapacity'' of this race, more than he received, his mortification, it is said, was so great as to affect his mind."

the whites, whom it hates, are doomed to suffer. Such unqualified assumptions are liable to grave

doubts. This man recovered from his chagrin, and is again active as ever in his old trade.

Tales of Female Heroism. London : James Burns. In the course of his perambulations Mr. Gardner twice

One of Mr. Burns's attractively got up books, professrisited the Organ Mountains a view of which curious chinin forms an appropriate frontispiece to his work. Ile ing to illustrate “ the fortitude and devotion of which

women are capable, rather in a feminine and domestic was a zealous collector, and has been much more fortunate thian most men of science, as he has not only secured, but thusiasm that might be enkindled at the theme, the book

aspect than a brilliant one." Notwithstanding the entransmitted, his vast treasures in safety to England.

is rather a dull one. The stories of Lady Grisell Baillie, As the institution of slavery in Brazil has lately been Winnifred Countess of Nithsdale, and Flora Macdonald, complicated with our commercial relations with that em

are somewhat threadbare in themselves, and, in this inpire, we are glad to find an intelligent Englishman bearing stance, by no means improved in the telling. Lady the following testimony to the comparatively comfortable Grissel, for instance, is served up from an unpublished condition of the slaves :

volume by Lady Murray of Stanhope, written about the “ Previous to my arrival in Brazil, I had been led to middle of the last century ; the tale has been twenty times lielieve, from the reports that have been published in Eng- told since then with twice the spirit. From this commemland, that the condition of the slave in that country was the most wretched that could be conceived ; and the ac- oration of the heroic daughter and preserver of a persecounts which I heard, when I landed-from individual cuted Whig (Sir Patrick Ilome of Polwarth )—and from whom I now find to have been little informed on the

a memoir of Madame Larochejacquelein besides, we might point-tended to confirm that belief. A few years' residence in the country, during which I saw more than has perhaps have anticipated that this little volume was free fallen to the lot of most Europeans, has led me to alter from the usual faults of Mr. Burns's series. Our deluvery materially those early impressions. I am no advo- sion was dissipated, when we encountered the following cate for the continuance of slavery ; on the contrary, I sentences in the memoir of Lady Banks, who defended should rejoice to see it swept from off the face of the earth --- but I will never listen to those who represent the Bra- | Corfe Castle against Oliver Cromwell. zilian slaveholder to be a cruel monster. My experience “ The historian of the siege records that they made among them has been very great, and but very few acts shirts of the surplice, broke up the organ, and used the vi cruelty have come under my own observation. The pipes as cases for powder and shot ; while the lead of the very temperament of the Brazilian is adverse to its gene- roof was rolled into shot, and fired against the castle, ral occurrence. They are of a slow and indolent habit, which causes much to be overlooked in a slave, that by a The shot took little effect on the walls of the castle, and

All this profanation, however, did them no service. people of a more active and ardent disposition would be made no impression on Lady Banks, who was as des:verely punished. Europeans, who have this latter pe termined as ever to hold out.” ciliarity more strongly inherent in them, are known to be not only the hardiest taskmasters, but the most severe

These statements are evidently taken for an awful sacripinishers of the faults of their slaves.

lege on the part of Oliver, and something like miraculous

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intervention in favour of Lady Banks ; and remind us in we have seen this bastard term, the offspring of gross ideas no slight degree of the burlesque fugitive verses :- and disgusting affectation in print in anything like a

book.-It is scandalous to see men of education thus em“llow Claverse, fell chiel,

ploying the most vulgar language, and corrupting their Was in league wi' the diel,

native tongue by the introduction of illegitimate words.
For a ball stotit ance aff his wame

But this is the age of affectation.—Even our fish-women
At Lindores,"

and milk-maids affect to blush at the only word which can In Scotland, where we do not consecrate stone and with as many airs as a would-be woman of fashion is ac

express this part of a man's dress, and lisp small-clothes lime, we have perhaps a different vocabulary of “pro- customed to display. That this folly is indebted for its fanation.” But, after all, what was there worse in roll- birth to grossness of imagination in those who evince it,

will not adinit of a doubt. From the same source arises ing up the consecrated lead, and converting it into con

the ridiculous and too frequent use of a French word for secrated shot, on the part of Cromwell, than in the exhi

a part of female dress; as it the mere change of language bition of a consecrated banner on the battlements of could operate a change either in the thing expressed, or Corfe Castle by Lady Banks? The tameness of the com

in the idea annexed to the expression ! Surely, surely position of these tales annoys us, but the marks of haste English women, who are justly celebrated for good senso

and decorous manners, should rise superior to such pititul, and carelessness they betray are insufferable. For in- such paltry, such low-minded affectation. stance, what an agglomeration of relative pronouns have “I

ought to be grateful to the · Anti-Jacobin Review, we here :-"He bestowed a paternal embrace on his It assists in teaching me my duty to my neighbour, and child. Before this final separation, he caused it to be enabling me to live in charity with all men. For I might

perhaps think that nothing could be so wrong-headed as baptised under the name of Henrietta Anne. Then Leigh Hunt, so wrong-hearted as Cobbett, so foolish as tho having relieved Exeter, and made some provision for the one, so blackguard as the other, so impudently conceited support of the young princess, he left it under the care as both-if it were not for the · Anti-Jacobin.' I might

believe that nothing could be so bad as the coarse, bloody, of her governess, Lady Morton,”

and brutal spirit of the vulgar. Jacobin'-if it were not for The Doctor. Volume VI. Longman & Company.

the 'Anti-Jacobin.'

Blessings on the man for his love of pure English. This volume of Southey's detached thoughts and table. It is to be expected that he will make great progress in talk, for so may the “Doctor”' be described, comes before it, through his familiarity with fish-women and milkthe public with many claims to affectionate and grateful maids ; for it implies no common degree of familiarity attention. It contains the last utterances, almost the breeches, and discover that they prefer to call them small

with those interesting classes to talk to them about dying words of one who, for nearly a half century, had clothes. largely contributed to the common stock of literature, “ But wherefore did he not instruct us by which monomuch of what tends to make mankind wiser, happier, and syllable he would express the female garment, which better ; and must be prized as a relic, had it no other is, indeed, the sister to a shirt,' as an old poet says; and

which he hath left unnamed, for there are two by which claim to consideration. The MS., with several more, it is denominated. Such a discussion would be worthy was bequeathed, or in the distribution of Southey's pro- both of his good sense, and his decorous style.. perty, fell to the share of his eldest daughter, whom he used to call his " right hand.” This MS. is sufficient to China : Political, Commercial, and Social. By R. furnish a seventh volume, which is shortly to appear; Montgomery Martin. Part I. London: Madden. and both volumes, as nearly as possible, in the way and

1947, order which the author designed.

We have here from the pen of, perhaps, our ablest The Doctor's personal and domestic history makes small colonial statist, the promise of a very able work, in an advancement in Vol. VI., though he tells his children his adnuirably digested form, on the subject of China. Mr. opinions on balls and music, and sundry disputed questions Martin went out, several years ago, to the colony of of social morals. But the contents in general consist of Hong Kong, in the capacity of Colonial Treasurer ; and, the same kind of miscellaneous matter as what were called latterly convinced of the error this country had committed the “Interchapters” of the previous five volumes; the

in planting her footsteps upon that barren rock, when the results of Southey's antiquarian and recondite reading ; fruitful island of Chusan might have been found at her the after-fruits gleaned from the many tons of ancient and black letter tomes which on his death, and the sale of the disposal

, he patriotically sacrificed his official position more saleable part of his library were, we have been in- and prospects in order to proceed home and urge his formed, sent to the London market. The volume thus lar if a writer, who had added so voluminously to our in

views upon the Government. It would have been singuoffers desirable extracts in all modes and styles, tho hum- formation on colonial subjects, could have returned from ourous, the quaint, the quibbling and crotchety, the grave

a field of such importance to our commerce, under cirand serious, the light and trivial. Wandering from theme

cumstances so peculiarly calculated to quicken his powers to theme,

and habits of observation, without being prepared to add At its own sweet will

largely to our knowledge of China, Gutzlaff and the it forms, as a whole, very charming and edifying snatch- missionaries, in supplying the fruits of personal advenreading. To prove that Southey was wholly not one- ture, have certainly contributed new views of manners,

ided in his latter politics, we give one brief extract, which customs, and general affairs, in China ; but, really, there forms the close of a discourse on the word breeches, and are few other works we possess which contain much bethe Anti-Jacobin Review:

yond the relations in books of embassy and travel, one

or two centuries old; and they are chiefly valuable in “Mr. Stephens having in his Memoirs of Horne Tooke used the word Small-clothes, is thus reprehended for it by confirming many points we had long set down amongst

The volumes of Sir

the tales and tricks of travellers. the indignant Censor :

“ His breeches, he calls small-clothes-the first time John T. Davies, the British Resident at llong Kong, do


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