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tance, and what was more, as one who well deserved his whose eyes, naturally enough, “the silversmith to the good fortune.
Lord Protector” found no favour ; so Master Sheldon's
offer (he was a distant relation of the bishop) was accepted; Ten, twenty years, even five-and-twenty, passed away, and poor Luke Willingham was compelled to see the place bat Sir Marmaduke Sherrington never came back to where he had dwelt for more than twenty happy years in claim his precious deposit. Eventful years were these. possession of another, and the Silver Unicorn swinging The King had returned “to enjoy his own again,” and from the door, but with a stranger's name beneath it. the great men of the Commonwealth, and the great In his reduced circumstances, it was difficult to obtain principles of the Commonwealth, were become a scoff a suitable house ; for the new ones built along the chief and a mockery to those who, pensioners of the French streets were more expensive than his means would allow; court, had lost all sympathy with England and English- nor would his company assist him, as was usual in such men. And now did the wheel of fortune begin to turn cases, for his religious opinions were against him. with the “silversmith to the Lord Protector;'' at first In the present day, change of residence is not so inhis troubles came but slowly on, chiefly in the form of jurious as it was in those times, when the same family loss of old customers, who, anxious to ingratiate them- often carried on the same business, in the same house, selves with the Court, could not bear even to have a for almost a century; and poor Luke Willingham found spoon or a mere bodkin from the shop of him who had to his cost, when at length he opened a small shop in supplied plate to the “arch-traitor" Cromwell. Ere long, Bucklersbury, that scarcely one of his old customers came ; however, he found himself a marked man; for as Luke but that he had, as it were, to begin the world anew. Willingham's principles had not been taken up for sake of And during all these changes, nothing could he learn of lucre, he was not prepared for worldly advantage to Sir Marmaduke Sherrington. That worthy knight had change them; 80 he became an object of suspicion to not returned from France at the Restoration ; and from some of his more vehemently loyal neighbours, and many some of the cavaliers, of whom Luke inquired, he learned a story was told of his republican opinions, and he was that he was on ill terms with some of the King's friends, almost openly accused of endeavours to plot against the and it was even thought had retired to Holland. But State.
then, again, it was said he had visited Sherrington Manor Manfully, however, did Luke Willingham struggle on. House ; and that he had again set out, none could tell He was conscious of integrity; and he still trusted he whither. “My duty is clear, however,” said Luke Wilshould surmount these unjust suspicions when the plague lingham sadly to himself ; "it is still to keep the box ;year came; and not only during its continuance was all but good Sir Marmaduke, that ye would reclaim it !” stop put to business, but the inhabitants of London, im- Meanwhile, in the midst of all his troubles, and all his poverished and dispirited, had little inclination to pur- anxieties, his daughter Grace grew up a beautiful young cbase mere articles of luxury. And then came the fire of woman ; and often would poor Luke Willingham look London : and, anxiously as the mighty column of fire proudly at her, as he marked the admiration she excited ; bowly, steadily, but irresistibly advanced up Cheapside, little dreaming of the greater trouble of which her beauty day after day, did the poor silversmith fear, and yet would be the source. Most unfortunately--perhaps Grace i tetimes hoped that his dwelling-his own property- scarcely thought so -- the beauty of the silversmith's might be saved.
daughter attracted the notice of Alderman Stanton's At length the flames seized on old St. Pauls; and now eldest son, as she sat plying her needle in the shop during the inhabitants of Ludgate began in good earnest to re- the absence of her father. This young man was the darmove their property. It was then remarked that Luke ling son, heir of all the ambitious hopes, as well as the Willingham was exceedingly anxious to secure the con- property of the baughty old man ; but when he found tents of a certain closet ; and much surprise was ex- him determined to reject the hand of a wealthy city pressed by those who aided him in removing, when they heiress, and learnt from his own lips, that it was for love sw him quitting his home with a small bundle under his of the puritan silversmith's daughter, the rage of the
father exceeded all bounds, and chasing the son with " I should be well pleased to open that bundle,” said fiercest anger from his presence, he vowed never to rest the constable of the ward to a byestander; “there'd be until he had completed the rain of the unfortunate Luke hanging matter found therein, I doubt me not, for some Willingham. half dozen of your canting Round-heads.” Little did he At this period, too easily could this threat be accomimagine that the box, committed to the care of the puritan plished. There were pains and penalties attached to alsilversmith by a Cavalier, was the object of his suspicion. most every right which we now enjoy unrestrainedly ;
Lake Willingham's home shared the fate of the many there were informers, in closest disguise, to keep watch hondred others; and, until the necessary arrangements over the intended victim, and discover or invent what could be made for rebuilding the city, our poor silversmith might best effect that end; and there were justices, too, 528 enforced to remain idle - thankful, however, that armed with full power to act as both judge and jury, his stock had been saved, and that none of his family had and who knew that the Court would well reward an exsustained injury.
cess of zeal and activity. And so it came to pass with At length the city slowly arose from her ashes; and poor Luke Willingham. Information after information anxiously did each tradesman seek to re-occupy his for- was laid against him, under the Corporation and Conmer shop. But while no obstacle was placed in the way ventiele Acts; articles were exhibited against him in the of his neighbours, Luke Willingham's offer was peremp- ecclesiastical courts ; he was fined, and distressed, and torily refused. The land on which his home had stood almost sold up, when worthy Mr. Ashurst, who had long belonged to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, in known and honoured him, together with Sir Samuel Barnardiston, who had often suffered in the same cause, de- leave for the night; and then the poor silversmith, overtermined together to take a shop for him just over against whelmed with the thoughts of the coming trial, sat down the Royal Exchange, where, as the Alderman of Corn--not to plan how to protect his own property—but to hill was of their own opinions, the poor silversmith would, secure that precious box for Sir Marmaduke Sherrington. at least, be secure of legal protection.
Sadly he took it from its safe hiding-place in the little Thankful to his kind friends for their aid, here Luke closet, within the corner cupboard, but which he knew Willingham once more set up the Silver Unicorn, and for would be no hiding-place on the morrow, when beda third time began trade again ; and prosperity, at last, chambers, more than any other rooms, were strictly seemed about to revisit him. His eldest son, by the searched, often even to the pulling down of the wainscot ; same kind help of Mr. Ashurst, was sent out as an agent and as he anxiously looked at it, who should wonder that of the Turkey Company; his younger was bringing up to regret should arise in his mind when he thought of the his own trade ; and even Grace, by her exquisite em- risk he had run in securing jewels for one who perchance broidery, aided in relieving the expenses of the family. might be dead, and when but only two or three of those Poor Grace ! she had a deep trouble of her own, but, diamonds would have availed to set him free from his still, she was too affectionate a daughter not to rejoice difficulties. This was but a passing thought. “ My word in the returning comfort of her father.
is pledged for twenty, even for thirty years, to keep it," But all this time, Alderman Stanto was not idle. said he, and he returned to the sitting-room. He had been deeply mortified to find that his unremitting There sat Grace, still engaged, although the evening persecution had drawn the attention of two of the weal- was far advanced, on her broidery, for it was to be taken thiest and most honourable of the London merchants to home early on the morrow; and as the poor silversmith his intended victim ; and had actually been the means cast his eyes on the table they fixed upon a small pasteof re-establishing him. He hated those two honourable board box, in which the various more delicate articles of gentlemen too, who prospered even through these trying ladies' dress, such as point or embroidered cuffs, were times, and in spite of repeated fines, as though by the carried, express blessing of God; and anxiously did that vindic- “ Dear Grace," said he, as the sudden thought struck tive old man seek their ruin.
him, “ there is one thing which presses heavily on my “I would we could get a search-warrant for Master mind, and of which I must at last make you my confidant;": Willingham's house," said Keating, a man well known and forthwith he detailed how the box had been left in his at this period, for the sad eminence of being the most care, how anxious he was for its safety, and how he cunning and unscrupulous of all the London informers, thought, if placed in the small pasteboard box, it might as he duly signed his depositions, and the alderman duly be carried away without suspicion ere the officers came. signed the warrants, to distrain the goods of ten quakers Grace took the box, packed it carefully up with some charged with the unbearable wickedness of holding a skeins of silk, and laid her finished work, which was to be silent meeting. “I would, your worship, we could have carried to Madam Ashurst, on the top; and then, little a search-warrant against him, for it might go far to thinking, though overwhelmed with sorrow, of the greater prove an independent plot, as well as a presbyterian ; sorrow the morning would bring, the father and daughter and such things, your worship knows, are well taken by sat down to their humble meal. the Court.”
Joyfully did Keating, now that his plan had succeeded Yes, well did Alderman Stanton know it; but a search- so well, (and who had listened to the colloquy of the fawarrant, even in these times, could not be obtained ther and daughter, safely concealed in the closet on the without some ground for it. So Keating forthwith hired staircase), now proceed to Alderman Stanton. himself as porter to poor Luke Willingham, who, de- shall not require a search-warrant to-morrow, your vorceived by the forged certificate he pretended to bring ship,” said he, " for if we take fair mistress Grace into from worthy Mr. Astie, late minister in Suffolk, trusted custody, as she leaves the house, it will be sufficient.” much to him, and spoke out more freely than he other. Well pleased was the vindictive old man; he signed the wise would have done, Still there was nothing that warrant for the apprehension of “ Grace Willingham, could be made ground of accusation against Luke Wil- spinster, daughter of Luke Willingham,” with right good lingham, nor could aught suspicious be discovered, al- will, and then went to rest. though Keating listened outside the window at night, Early on the morrow, though not so early as to awaken and opened and re-sealed each letter that came ; and suspicion, the door of the poor silversmith was softly even opened the poor silversmith's strong chest with a opened, and, wrapped in her mantle and hood, Grace false key, and made strict search therein.
Willingham came forth. “ God grant you success,' At length, weary of longer waiting, the pretended por- whispered the anxious father, as he closed the door, ter one evening came to his master, and with well-affected Alas! two doors off stood Keating and the two officers surprise and sorrow, acquaintod him that he had just dis- charged with the execution of the warrant. This poer covered that a search-warrant, on plea of discovering young woman was rudely seized, the box snatched from treasonable papers, was about to be sent down to the her, and ce was forcibly made into her father house; and he earnestly entreated him, therefore, to take shop. “ Wherefore is this?" cried Luke Willlinghan, the chance ere the morrow of removing whatever he most looking wildly at his daughter, and thunderstruck at the wished to conceal.
sight of his own servant, apparently foremost in the outrage.. Poor Luke Willingham was thunderstruck at the intel- “Ah! worthy Master Willinghamn," cried the inligence; for well did he know the powerful enemy to former, laughing, "we have caught you at last, and whom he owed this new misfortune. With many lamen- methinks, there's hanging matter for a dozen at least, in tations, mixed with proffers of service, the porter took his this box."
Yes! there was the very box, snatched for ever from not until the eve of the fatal battle of Worcester, that I him; and the story how he became possessed of it, would met his majesty, and then he thought they would be more it be believed? Could it be thought that a Puritan would, secure in my keeping than in his. They were broken for so long, and with so great care, take charge of jewels from their setting that they might be placed in a smaller -most valuable jewels—for a Cavalier? and he, although compass; and, after enduring much trouble and anxiety twice brought to the verge of bankruptcy, never even had to secure them, I gave them, when I quitted England attempted to pledge them. No! surely no one would three-and-twenty years ago, into the hands of good Luke believe that story; but the jewels would be viewed as the Willingham. On the Restoration, I sent to his sacred produce of ill-gotten gains-perchance of absolute robbery. Majesty to notify with whom they had been left; and And, O! how would his enemies—the enemies of the when, after long absence from England, seven years ago cause-exult.
I visited London, I was told that Luke Willingham had It was to be a high day, that day, in the city; for his gone, none knew whither; nor could my most earnest sacred Majesty had promised to dine with the Lord Mayor inquiries discover him.—Open the box, therefore, and at his own house. So, anxious to display his zeal and ac- you will find therein eight large rose diamonds, twenty-six tivity in so worthý a causc, and, perchance, to obtain smaller ones, and nineteen brilliants." notice of the Court, Keating determined to take his poor “It is quite correct," said the sitting alderman, as the prisoner, not to the alderman of the Ward, but to Guild-precious contents wero counted out before him, “there is hall; regardless of her earnest prayers not to be made a no charge against this young woman, she must be set at gazing-stock along the streets.
liberty." Onward they went, followed by a fast-increasing crowd; “ And we will return together, my dear Grace,” said while poor Grace tried to draw the hood more closely the old knight, leading her away, “and we will tell your over her face, and her tears fell thick and fast from the good father all. Good Luke Willingham, how I long to see long silken lashes. But his brutal plan was unsuccessful; him!" for the beautiful young woman, as she was dragged along the streets, became an object of warmest pity to all, and loud and violent was the clamour against the hated in- “ Odds fish, man,” cried the merry monarch, now former. At the corner of King Street, the crowd had rather approaching the state sometimes called “glorious," increased so greatly as to stop the way; and Keating, as he balanced, with unsteady hand, the slender Venice fearful of being overborne, called loudly for aid. The glass on the evening of this eventful day. “'Twas a confusion increased : “What is this ?” said an old gentle capital story about the puritan silversmith and the old man, leaning out of his heavy velvet coach,“ what is that Cavalier. But to think how I wanted money when I first affray about?”
came over, and yet some thousand pounds worth were Poor Grace ! surely she recognised that voice, though lying in that old box.” more than twenty years had passed since she heard it; “Whose fault was that, Rowley?” cried Buckingham. surely she remembered that face, though the brow was "I well remember the old knight's letter coming ; 'tis prinkled, and the locks had become quite white. “Good nothing but a prosing rigmarole, said you, and cast it Sir Marmaduke,”' cried she, attempting to spring forward, into the fire. No wonder Sir Marmaduke took it ill, and "good Sir Marmaduke, God hath sent you hither in our kept away from Court. Now I'll tell you what to do to greatest need. It is for your box—your box left with my please him : make Luke Willingham, silversmith to his father--that I am now a prisoner.”
Majesty." The old man gazed earnestly on the young maiden's "Heaven forbid your sacred Majesty,” cried the Lord pale but beautiful features. “What! is it my little Grace Mayor, utterly horror-struck, “'tis a Puritan, and a Willingham ?" said he.
Round-head!” “Aye, your honour,” interrupted Keating,
“ Nay, my sacred Majesty doth will it," answered her way to Guildhall, to answer for this,” holding up the Charles, laughing ; "poor fellow, he hath been my jewel box.
keeper it seems, for three-and-twenty years, and a right "My own box," cried the astonished old man; “but, honest one too; 80 methinks I will. Moreover, he was Grace, my dear maiden, how is this?” Poor Grace was silversmith, was he not, to old Noll ?” burried on by the officers; and the old knight followed to “ He was, your sacred Majesty," replied the sorelyGuildhall.
troubled Lord Mayor. There was some objection among the subordinates as “Well then,” cried Charles, quietly tossing off his to allowing him to enter; but Sir John Starling, who re- glass, and balancing it on his finger, “'twill be just the membered the cavalier knight when in France, led him, thing, for it will give him a Rowland-ha Georgie! will it with all courtesy, to the table where the aldermen were not ?- A Rowland for an Oliver.'" seated. “I am come to lay claim to that box,” said Sir And so it was, to the great wonder both of royalists Marmaduke Sherrington; " that box which, twenty-three and Whigs; nor least of all to Luke Willingham himyears ago, tied by my own hands, and sealed with my self. He indeed viewed it as no great honour, but in own seal, I delivered into the keeping of my good friend, these unsettled times, as a security, its value was great. Lake Willingham. The jewels contained therein belong to So under the especial protection of the Duke of Buckingour gracious King; being the diamond hat-band worn by my ham, whose whim it just now was to conciliate the Nonlate dear and honoured master, his father, and the diamond conformists, Luke returned to his original shop, and George. These, just before the flight from Oxford, were beneath the shadow of the original Silver Unicorn, carried delivered into the hands of brave Colonel Wyndham, from on business long and most prosperously, none daring to Fhorn, when mortally wounded, I received them. It was make him afraid. į Nor ever, in the darkest times did
" and on
Luke Willingham seek to disguise his principles, and ham was a frequent guest. Early on the death of Aldergreat and striking was his reward.
man Stanton she was married to his son, and when Sir As to Sir Marmaduke Sherrington," he settled once Marmaduke died, full of years, she became the Lady of more at Sherrington Manor House, where Grace Willing- Sherrington Manor.
BALLADS FROM SCOTTISH HISTORY.-No. II.
BLACK AGNES OF DUXBAR.
The lady had a swarthy cheek, and glossy raven hair,
“Now, by my foy!” quoth Montague, who spied her from afar,
Shrill crew the cock; the war-trump harsh a shriller echo gave,
Surrender, lady! for thy lord, I wot, is far from hence ;-
“Defy thee, then, proud MONTAGUE! and all thy men at war!"
With loud derisive laugh replied Black AGNES OF DUNBAR.
" How now, my Masters!-quail your hearts before a woman's star?"
Loud shouted then, with scoff and taunt, BLACK AGNES OF DUNBAR.
'Grammercy! what a dust is here!—Slow maidens that ye are!
Go! wipe it, with a napkin, off !" quoth AGNES OF DUNBAR.
When, from the Bartizan above" Proud MONTAGUE, bewar'!
A cloud-like darkness, from on high, fell o'er that fated shed-
Were dash'd before the falling mass-" I thus thy sport should mar ;-
What dame is she, of daring mould, stands up for SCOTLAND still,
In fields of strife that lady's LORD fights on with many a scar-
A ruin crumbles on the verge of dark basaltic rocks,
For, while Tradition's pulse beats true to glory and to war,
BY THOMAS DE QUINCEY.
As we are all of us crazy when the wind sits in | strange, grim-looking words, to whose acquaintsome particular quarter, let not Mr. Landor be ance I was introduced on that unhappy morning, angry with me for suggesting that he is outrage- were abalienate and ablaqueation-most respectously crazy upon the one solitary subject of spel. able words, I am fully persuaded, but so exceedling. It occurs to me, as a plausible solution of ingly retired in their habits, that I never once had his fury upon this point, that perhaps in his the honour of meeting either of them in any book, earliest school-days, when it is understood that pamphlet, journal, whether in prose or numerous he was exceedingly pugnacious, he may have de- verse, though haunting such society myself all my tested spelling, and (like Roberte the Devillet) life. I also formed the acquaintance, at that time, of have found it more satisfactory for all parties, the word abacus, which, as a Latin word, I havo that when the presumptuous schoolmaster differed often used, but, as an English one, I really never from him on the spelling of a word, the question had occasion to spell, until this very moment, between them should be settled by a stand-up Yet, after all, what harm comes of such obsti. fight. Both parties would have the victory at nate recusancy against orthography? I was an times : and if, according to Pope's expression, “occasional conformist;" I conformed for ore “justice ruld the ball,” the schoolmaster (who is morning, and never more. But, for all that, I always a villain) would be floored three times out spell as well as my neighbours; and I can spell of foor; no great matter whether wrong or not ablaqueation besides, which I suspect that some upon the immediate point of spelling discussed. of them can not. It is in this way, viz. from the irregular adjudica- My own spelling, therefore, went right, because tions upon litigated spelling, which must have I was left to nature, with strict neutrality on the arisen under such a mode of investigating the mat- part of the authorities. Mr. Landor's too often ter, that we may account for Mr. Landor's being went wrong, because he was thrown into a persometimes in the right, but too often (with regard verse channel by his continued triumphs over to long words) egregiously in the wrong. As he the prostrate schoolmaster. To toss up, as it grew stronger and taller, he would be coming were, for the spelling of a word, by the best of more and more amongst polysyllables, and more nine rounds, inevitably left the impression that and more would be getting the upper hand of the chance governed all; and this accounts for the schoolmaster; so that at length he would have extreme capriciousness of Landor. it all his own way; one round would decide the It is a work for a separate dictionary in quarto turn-up; and thenceforwards his spelling would to record all the proposed revolutions in spelling, become frightful. Now, I myself detested spell through which our English blood, either at home ing as much as all people ought to do, except or in America, has thrown off, at times, the surContinental compositors, who have extra fees for plus energy that consumed it. I conceive this to be doctoring the lame spelling of ladies and gentle a sort of cutaneous affection, like nettle-rash, or men. But, unhappily, I had no power to thump ring-worm, through which the patient gains rethe schoolmaster into a conviction of his own ab. lief for his own nervous distraction, whilst, in surdities; which, however, I greatly desired to fact, he does no harm to anybody : for usually do. Still, my nature, powerless at that time for he forgets his own reforms, and if he should not, any active recusancy, was strong for passive re-everybody else does. Not to travel back into the sistance ; and that is the hardest to conquer. I seventeenth century, and the noble army of took one lesson of this infernal art, and then shorthand writers who have all made war upon declined ever to take a second; and, in fact, I orthography, for secret purposes of their own, never did. Well I remember that unique morn- even in the last century, and in the present, what ing's experience. It was the first page of Entick’s a list of eminent rebels against the spelling-book Dictionary that I had to get by heart; a sweet might be called up to answer for their wickedness sentimental task; and not, as may be fancied, at the bar of the Old Bailey, if anybody would the spelling only, but the horrid attempts of this be kind enough to make it a felony! Cowper, depraved Entick to explain the supposed meaning for instance, too modest and too pensive to raise of words that probably had none; many of these, upon any subject an open standard of rebellion, it is my belief, Entick himself forged. Among the lyet, in quiet Olney, made a small émeute as to
• With a special reference to the Works of Walter Savage Landor.
+ " Roberte the Deville :"-See the old metrical romance of that name: it belongs to the fourteenth century, and was printed some thirty years ago, with wood engravings of the illuminations. Roberte,
however, took the liberty of murdering his schoolmaster. But could he well do less? Being a reigning Duke's son, and after the rebellious school. master had said
“ Syr, ye bee too bolde :
And therewith tooke a rodde hym for to chaste." pon which the meek Robin, withont using any bad language as the schoolmaster bad done, simply look out a long dagger " hym for to chaste," which he did effectually. The schoolmaster gave no bad language after that.