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reft of their reason by the shadow of a dukedom. give equal "civil rights" to all her Majesty's The Earl of Lincoln is a young statesman of subjects. something over average talent; a reckless and daring gentleman the very man for forlorn hopes, of which he has led several-but the most forlorn of all is his attempt on Manchester, which must unquestionably fail.
The Earl of Lincoln was also devoid of precision in his treatise on the deficiencies of education. Having quoted from one report regarding the ignorance prevalent in some districts of Lancashire -a report that discloses utterly disgraceful factshe stated, that the Prussian system, the system of Holland, or the Irish Educational Scheme, would not very probably be found suitable for England; without, however, describing any plan of general education that would meet the case of the English youth. Something must be done. Every body has been saying so for years, and it is a safe saying now. Something must be done : but we are no wiser of that information. The public want to know what is to be done, and what any man, who proposes to go and work for them, will undertake to perform. In this, however, as in other matters, the Earl of Lincoln rolls the stone back on Lord John Russell, and will not prescribe until he be called in. This assumption of mystery may suit the position of an old and tried statesman. The people take it from Sir Robert Peel, because they say he has a planhe is never without one. But younger men should avoid this description of affectation. There is no doubt that the Earl of Lincoln is favourable to the defeated project of Sir James Graham for training the boys of England in genuflexion. He alleges that the plan, though de
The proceeding has, however, given us a faint outline of the policy to be pursued by the "middle party" in the present session; for the speech of the noble Earl to the men of Manchester, on the 12th of January, may be regarded as the manifesto of Sir Robert Peel and his immediate followers. The party is not large, but a knowledge of what | its leaders mean to do, or what they mean not to do, would be useful. The mantle of mystification has descended on the noble Earl, for he spoke nearly two hours without making more than one contribution to our information on this subject. An Egyptian short-hand writer, if acquainted with numerals, would have thus reported his address on brick, .0000001. Modern reporters are more voluminous, without in this case being greatly more intelligible. They were dealing with a speaker who abounded in negatives. With all his admi- | ration for the Chinese free-traders, he would not press a reduction of the tea-duties until the Chancellor of the Exchequer found that step convenient, as if any Chancellor of the Exchequer ever had been known to advise a reduction of taxes. Without the slightest kindly remembrance of South Nottinghamshire, he was still more patiently dis-feated, was useful. From its ashes there sprung posed on malt; and, if the Chancellor of the Ex- a thousand little schools. Even in its death it chequer gave him a choice, he promised to take triumphed, for and we beg that the proceeds of tea in preference. He engaged to oppose a ten its triumph, the why and wherefore may be hours' bill; and enlarged on the beneficence of marked-for the members of the English Church sanatory reforms, and their necessity; but, al- subscribed one hundred thousand pounds for though the avowed author of one bill on the sub- educational purposes! Surely there was nothing ject, he would not now originate any measure, extraordinary in this. An accountant takes up because he inclined to rely on the wisdom of the his pen, marks a few figures, saying there are Cabinet. He had made up his mind respecting nine millions in connexion with that Church, and Ireland, and from his short official connexion the sum total gives an average of twopence and with that country, some definite proposals might two-thirds of a penny for each; and so many of have been anticipated; but, as usual, the paragraph them are rich persons that they will treble or quaends in a cloud, with a general and much-hack- druple that sum next year. Nay, but, good account. nied declaration in favour of civil rights for Ire- ant, your figures may be true and your inference land, equal to those enjoyed in England and Scot- false. The Earl of Lincoln is to be one of the land. There is some difficulty in catching the richest of these personages; and he denies that meaning of the phrase, because England and Scot- the sum can be increased. He tells you that the land do not have equal civil rights. Then there is movement was most gigantic. The Church was no very ready way of defining the nature and ex- awakened to a desperate effort on hearing the sad tent of these rights. Lawyers live by differing prevalence of ignorance. Heedless of the cost, respecting them. Assistant Barristers have been the churchmen determined to strike one grand known to pronounce widely diverse judgments and decisive blow for mental enlightenment. regarding their nature and extent. One worthy They rose above payment by instalments. They person, with a rental of nine pounds, sixteen shil- decided to bring up all old arrears by one munifilings sterling annually, defines his civil right to cent contribution. They would not delay a duty be the privilege of sueing and being sued at his so pressing and important as the intellectual and own cost, and of paying taxes. In a declaration religious training of the young. They knew that of political opinions, by a young and rising states-temporal happiness and eternal peace to many man, the Irish electors, of whom there is a num- were staked on the issue. They made this no ber in Manchester, were entitled to something less matter of the mountain and the mouse. The general than the phrase "equal civil rights," treasurers staggered under the burden of contriwhich is now the common property of all politi-butions. cians, excepting Colonel Sibthorp; for Sir Robert Inglis, we think, has avowed his determination to
Bankers were startled with the amount of their deposits, Noble Earls, such as Lincoln, were thrown altogether out of their calculations.
Perhaps even the Bench of Bishops were agreeably disappointed. And all this commotion was caused by a contribution of twopence and two-thirds of a penny from each person connected with the Church; neither weekly, monthly, nor even annually, but as a life subscription for the education of the people of England!
We do not misrepresent the noble Earl; for he said "Gentlemen, recollect these were great and mighty efforts--efforts which could not be repeated continually, which could be only under taken periodically; I DOUBT WHETHER IN A LIFETIME MANY AMONGST US COULD SEE TWO SUCH LARGE SUMS RAISED AGAIN IN A SIMILAR MANNER FOR THE SAME OBJECT."
We have more confidence in the generosity and earnestness of the members of the English Church than Earl Lincoln. Men are only yet in the infancy of these matters; and old men amongst us may survive to see greater good than statesmen anticipate. Let England be once thoroughly awakened to the blessings and advantages of instruction, and England will be shortly thereafter an educated country. The English Church could raise one million with the same apparent ease for this great purpose as one hundred thousand pounds. The noble Earl has surely never glanced at the summing up of the annual accounts of any one in five or six of our large missionary societies, and the ignorance of statesmen on such topics is peculiarly harassing, leaving them perpetually in blunders. The late Secretary for Ireland is at present the representative for some Scottish burghs. He found shelter at Hamilton when ejected at Newark. As a Scotch member, he may be supposed to know something of the proceedings in that country; where a body of people-small when compared with the Church of England, numbering not, probably, one tithe of her adherents, and having on their roll comparatively few names belonging to the wealthy or the noble of the land have subscribed and paid, not a hundred thousand pounds, but sums that count by millions, for all the varied subjects of instruction; and though all has been done in from three to four years, they seem fresh and vigorous, unwearied and unexhausted, and none of them apparently a penny poorer than when they commenced. Their resources for educational, benevolent, and religious purposes, appear to be like the widow's barrel of meal and cruise of oil; but the noble Earl is probably as ignorant of that matter as of the accounts of missionary societies, the exertions of Dissenters, the existence of the Free Church, or the extent of those latent energies that, like her rich mines in ancient times, are hidden and unwrought in the bosom of England....
There was only one topic on which the speaker was precise and definite-the endowment of the Roman Catholic priests of Ireland; not out of the ecclesiastical resources of that country, bat from some other fund, and we regret that the consolidated fund stands first in the way, and can be reached with the slightest trouble. There were three reasons adduced for granting this endowment.
First, that it was politic, wise, and just;" second, that the conversion of the Roman Catholics was impossible;" third, that it was cruel and painful to subject their priests to the temptations of the voluntary system." The policy of the proposal its State-craft policy and its worldly wisdom-depend very much on circumstances. If the party to whom the noble Earl belongs intend, while acting as supporters of the Established Churches, to overthrow them, they are perhaps adopting the best means of attaining their end. The supposition is not altogether improbable. The policy of the matter, moreover, depends slightly on the opinion entertained by these gentlemen of society at large. If they really believe all men to be villains, as we are led to infer from this part of their manifesto to Manchester, then undoubtedly they may save money by paying a kind of “black mail" to influential persons in society, and the influence of the priesthood is not of a contracted character. The question, on the Earl of Lincoln's grounds, is to be considered without any reference to theological views. He is "a Protestant," and believes that there are "blessings" arising from his profession, which he "would rejoice in an opportunity of extending to the Roman Catholics of Ireland" but, he adds, “I know that to be impossible." All theologians will agree, that to the Earl of Lincoln this is quite impossible. It is not his province to command such changes; but we are inclined to believe that, in the one single journey through Ireland, which, he says, was, made by him, he did not try. We do not, of course, insinuate that the young statesman should take holy orders, as one of his colleagues, the late President of the Board of Trade, is said, once to have intended; but there are many other means open to him, which he has not yet adopted; and, therefore, he is most incompetent to offer an opinion on the subject.
It is at once painful and instructive to notico with what shallow pertness this young man knocks the side out of the edifice piled on so much hypocrisy, from 1832 on to 1842, by his predecessors and their disciples. If the report be true that Sir Robert Peel has committed the guidance of his remnant to this pilot, they aro in bad hands. The subject of Church Endowment, and Church and State-ism that was made the key-stone of the Conservative party-is knocked out by their youngest leader. Others spoke of the necessity of supporting religion for its own sake, but he at once asserts the propriety of endowing its teachers, to render them loyal; and, to preserve them in that happy state, ho said :
"I do say, that it is not only a painful, but an improper, position for the ministers of religion to be placed in-those whose duty it is to counsel the weak, to reprove the wayward, to objurgate the licentious;-I say it is a cruel thing that these men should be placed under the temptation of pandering to the prejudices and the vices of their flock, with a view to their daily position,”¡
This statement seems to be made generally of the ministers of religion, and is not merely one of the falsest, but one of the most impertinent quotations that can be extracted from any speech
from Mr. Bright, and a bad one from his opponent. The subject requires little farther consideration, as the Conservative candidate will not appear on the hustings.
ever made on the subject. Few things can be | ments, on which the country will have a good vote more unfortunate than the possibility that a person of so little judgment, and such limited knowledge of his fellow-men, may soon again be, what he was before-a member of the Cabinet. If, on the other hand, he confines the term "ministers of religion," in this instance, to the priests in Ireland, and offers them a "healing measure" wrapped in such insulting language, they must, as men of ordinary feeling, reject the boon. They cannot take a bribe so barely offered. The pill, at least, might have been sugared over, and the naked hook need scarcely have protruded beyond the bait so very glaringly. In whatever light we view the sentence, it is most unstatesmanlike, but not more so than one which follows:
"It is of the most vital importance to this country, that the teachers and pastors, and those who lead these people, should lead them in the principles of loyalty to the Crown, and attachment to the country; and I do believe that, in order to attain so great an object, it would be an important and a national benefit to place in an independent and honourable position the Roman Catholic Clergy of Ireland."
This sentence implies that the Roman Catholic Clergy of Ireland do not, in the meantime, follow loyalty, and practise the virtues, on which the noble Earl places so great value: and that loyalty is one of those commodities purchaseable in St. Stephen's, like cotton on the Manchester Exchange, at so much per bale. Why does not some politician publish a price list for loyalty and the minor cardinal virtues advisable in clergymen, that we might be enabled to estimate the current value of the article in the market, and readily make up an account of the outlay necessary to suppress an agitation.
The Earl of Lincoln cannot be returned for Manchester, and his appearance there is another proof of his temerity, imprudence, and deficiency in habits of calculation. There is not a single measure of Manchester quality, to which he offers a slow and cold adhesion, that has not been warmly and zealously advocated by Mr. Bright. There are many most important objects connected merely with social reform that the latter supports, and the former opposes; and which Manchester means, we suppose, to carry. There are again such questions as education and these endow
The interest attached to his speech arises entirely from his intimacy with Sir Robert Peel, who is not yet done with the political world. He means to settle the Irish Ecclesiastical question ; and will adopt the plan most likely to accomplish that end. He gives an undoubted preference to the proposal for endowing the Roman Catholic clergy; but, if he finds the popular current running strongly against the project, he will adopt another course, and dis-endow. He will spread in that case a snare for the Whigs, into which they will fall, by pledging tablishment, with, probably, a new variety of the their party to the support of the existing Esappropriation clause; and then the great tactician will outbid them. This result depends, however, altogether on the character of the next election. A little carelessness on the part of constituencies -a shy reluctance to pledges-a noisy declamation against shibboleths-some play on the words "free and unfettered"—a few references to honour and consistency-an easy acceptance of candidates as they come; and, with Lord John Russell, Sir Robert Peel, and Lord George Bentinck favourable to the endowment of the priests, a vote of five to six hundred thousand pounds yearly, for that purpose, will be carried against a minority of less than one hundred members from all sides of the House, in 1849 or 1850; and the Irish Church will be flanked with outposts from Rome quite as extensive as the works within; for, while not a few priests will decline the gift on the terms, yet a number, and a gradually increasing number, will take the cheque and draw the money.
The Peel party, in other respects, have no fixed plan. They have not yet fully estimated their forces, and gathered again their scattered votes. On all the measures of social improvement and taxation their books are evidently clean; and they are waiting on for the cast-off and misfitted clothes of the Whigs, which, as usual, they expect to repair, remodel, and renovate into usable garments-taking credit for originality, and deserving credit for rendering practical the ideas of their natural enemies.
Savage Life and Scenes in Australia and New what is more to the purpose, some of the plates convey an Zealand; being an Artist's Impressions of Countries idea of the wildness and grandeur of Australian scenery, and People at the Antipodes; with numerous Illustra- which must be quite new to Europeans. We may spetions. By George French Angas. Two volumes, cify the plate representing an elevated native tomb, on post octavo. London: Smith & Elder. the margin of Lake Alexandrina-of which we are THIS is not the first time that we have had the pleasure told the wind makes dirge-like music amongst the of meeting with this clever pen and pencil sketcher, who, reeds where those tombs stand, and blows chill across with nearly equal success, uses both implements. The the dark and dreary lake, conveying a perfect idea of sobook, as beseems an artist's work, is tastefully de- litude, desolation, and death." Mr. Angas has had, in corated, and, altogether, a handsome turn-out; and his artist-wanderings, considerable intercourse with the
natives, and is thus enabled to add a few more curious facts to the previous accounts of their character, manners, and modes of thinking. Many of the native chiefs and warriors, with their wives, sat to Mr. Angas for their portraits.
The whole book consists of extractable matter, as the author confines himself entirely to narrative and description; and we might easily find many samples quite as entertaining as those subjoined.
THE MISSIONARY STATION OF pepepe.
"At a bend of the river the romantic cottage of the missionary suddenly appeared in view. It was as lovely and secluded a spot as it is possible to imagine: the little cottage, built of raupo, with its white chimneys, and its garden full of flowers-of sweet English flowers, roses, stocks, and mignonette-was snugly perched on an elevated plateau overhanging the Waikato; and the access to it was by a small bridge, thrown across a glen of tree ferns, with a stream murmuring below.
"The interior of the cottage, which was constructed entirely by the natives, under the direction of Mr. Ashwell, is lined throughout with reeds, and divided into a number of small rooms, communicating one with another. The cottage, the situation, the people, and everything around them, were picturesque. Pepepo signifies butterfy; and surely the name is not misapplied to this lovely
"The missionary and his wife received us with the utmost hospitality, and we remained with these worthy people during the next day.
"I had not long entered the house before a sweet little girl, with a very fair complexion and long flaxen ringlets, came running up to me. It was pleasant to hear, in this secluded spot, the prattle of a little English child: she lisped to us of the roses she had been gathering, and said that the rain had made them so pretty.
"Thus the prattler went on; when I observed, in the next apartment, upon a sofa, a delicate and sickly boy, who was suffering from a disease of the heart. Do you paint portraits?' enquired the father of me, with a look of almost agonising earnestness. I guessed his meaning, and glanced at the sick boy on the pink sofa. He said no more; but I felt that it was in my power to make the hearts of those anxious parents happy, for I knew they expected to lose their child. *
"During my stay at Pepepe, the missionary sent for Te Paki, the old chief next in importance, in the Waikato districts, to Te Whero Whero: he arrived, with his wife, in a small canoe, from a kainga, about three miles up the river; and they had both arrayed themselves in their primitive costume, for the purpose of sitting to me for their portraits. Taki was formerly a great priest or tohunga, and one of the most eloquent speakers in Waikato. About ten years since, he began to entertain favourable opinions respecting Christianity; but a considerable time elapsed before he could break through his superstitious and heathen customs: the tapu had nearly as strong a hold upon his mind, as the idea of caste has upon that of the Hindoo. At length, he was induced to learn to read; his own son offering to be his teacher. After this, he entered into a violent dispute that arose respecting some land, and, for a time, appeared inclined altogether to forsake his newly-adopted religion; a quarrel about an eel pah then occupied his whole attention, and the death of his favourite son, who was drowned at Manukao, caused him to absent himself entirely from the Christian natives. He attributed the death of his son to the disrespect paid to the heathen atuas, or spirits; and as it was this lad who had taught him to read, he imagined the atuas had shown their anger, by punishing him in this manner. At length, however, he became a firm adherent to Christianity, gave up all his heathen notions and habits, and has ever since remained one of the most upright and conscientious chiefs of the Waikato.
"I also painted Te Amotutu, a young chief of Waikato, belonging to the Nga ti Pou tribe, who is related to Te Paki. He is a fine lad, not more than sixteen years of
age, and, about a month ago, he was married to a pretty girl of Kaitote, to whom he had long been betrothed by fied with his bride; but she, unfortunately, is partial his friends. The young bridegroom is very well satisto another lad, whom the customs of his tribe forbid her to marry.
"In the afternoon, our natives were all impatient to start; for the rain had cleared off, and the blue sky was revealing itself in every direction, as the mists rolled up upon the sides of the woody mount of Taupiri; but Mr. Ashwell gave them a little pig for a feast, and they then readily consented to remain until the next day. Our chief, Wirihona, with his party, had started in two canoes early in the morning, and this made the others anxious to During the evening, Mrs Ashwell played upon the piano, and several hymns were sung in the native language at their evening worship. Had it not been for the three little native domestics, (or rather helps) that were in the room, I could, for the moment, almost have fancied myself in England again. These girls, Mrs Ashwell had taught to read and sew, and they assisted her in the droll, fat creatures; and whenever they wanted to pass domestic arrangements of the mission station; they were across the room, they crept upon their hands and knees under the table. I made a sketch of the stoutest of the trio, who is described as a regular vixen.' The moment I had completed the sketch, it was shown to her; whereupon she instantly rushed out of the room, fancying she
The New Zealanders have acute feelings, strong affections, and even a high sense of honour and shame. The native character is illustrated by the following traits :
"On arriving at the village or kainga of Ko Ngahokowitu, we found all the natives in a state of extraordinary excitement. We had observed numbers of people running in that direction along the margin of the river, from the different plantations; and, on inquiring, we learned that, an hour previously to our arrival, the son of an influential chief had committed suicide by shooting himself with a musket.
"Our fellow-travellers, with Wirihona their chief, were all assembled, and we followed them to the shed where the act had been perpetrated, and where the body still lay as it fell, but covered with a blanket. The mourners were gathered round, and the women commenced crying most dolefully, wringing their hands and bending their bodies to the earth. We approached the body, and were permitted to remove the blanket from the face and breast: the countenance was perfectly placid, and the yellow tint of the skin, combined with the tattooing, gave the corpse almost the appearance of a waxen model. The deceased was a fine and well-made young man. He had placed the musket to his breast, and deliberately fired off the trigger with his toes, the bullet passing right through his lungs. Blood was still oozing from the orifice made by the bullet, and also from the mouth, and the body was quite warm.
"The cause of this sad occurrence was a case of adul
tery, which had taken place some time ago between this man and the wife of another person residing in the same village. The friends of this young man sent away the woman to a distant settlement, which caused the deceased to become gloomy and sullen. Some of the party having that morning reproached him with his conduct, he suddenly rose in an angry mood, and went unobserved to the spot where he destroyed himself.
The tears shed by the mourners were marks of genuine grief: it was quite melancholy to observe the young man's uncle bending over the body and frequently placing his hands upon it, whilst the tears ran down his furrowed and tattooed cheeks. Only two other mourners approached close to the body-the sister and brother of the deceased. The former I did not at first observe; she was sitting at the feet of the corpse, entirely wrapped in a portion of the blanket that covered it-the same drapery enveloping the living and the dead. The latter, a fine boy about twelve or fourteen, came in and sat down close to his uncle; he had striven to conceal his feelings for some time, but at
length he hid his face in his mat and cried bitterly. The old man saluted us most cordially; but his heart was too full to speak, and he only kept shaking his head as the tears wetted his wrinkled countenance.
"We left this scene of weeping, with which the heavily falling rain was in accordance, and returned to our canoes, from which we had to bail out the water.
"At Hopetui we landed and took shelter beneath a little tent that our chief, Wideona, had erected there. Sitting huddled together with his family, we found employment in bathing the eye of his little girl with warm water, the poor child having received a dreadful blow, that had caused the part to swell to the size of a pigeon's egg. These people are but very indifferent doctors. Amongst the heathen tribes they attempt to cure all diseases by witchcraft or sorcery; and these christian natives were actually rubbing the wound with their dirty fingers, while the mother wiped away the discharge from the eye with a piece of old blanket.
"A slight incident occurred in the tent, illustrative of native character. The chief caught a large spider on his blanket, and taking it by one leg held it carefully for a minute, and then let it go. I asked him why he did not destroy the spider? He replied- He has done no wrong: if he had bitten me I should have killed him!"
"The entrance to the tent was shut in with a crowd of heads, amongst which were those of two old men, who were most anxious to sell us some eggs. The air of the little tent was insupportable; added to which, the whole family were successively chewing a large piece of filthy pork rind, which was handed from one to another, and had now been divested of nearly all the fat it previously
"At Hopetui we met with a sister of Karaka or Clark,' the chief of Waikato heads, whose portrait I had painted when at Auckland. This portrait I showed to the old woman, who had not seen her brother for some time, when, to my surprise and amusement, she at once commenced a most affectionate tangi before the sketch; waving her hands in the usual manner, and uttering successively low whining sounds, expressive of her joy. After she had, as I imagined, satisfied herself with seeing the representation of her brother, I was about to replace the sketch in my portfolio, when she begged of Forsaith that she might be permitted to tangi over it in good earnest, saying, it was her brother-her brother; and she must tangi till the tears come;' and sure enough presently the tears did come, and the old woman wept and mourned, and waved her hands before the picture with as much apparent feeling as if her brother himself had thus suddenly appeared to her.
"In the evening Wirihona came into our tent, and we conversed about cannibalism. I inquired of him, through Forsaith, if he himself had ever partaken of human flesh? Yes,' he said, we have all eaten it, when we knew no better.''
The visits to the missionary stations in New Zealand are not the least interesting part of these volumes. We are tempted by another of them.
They formed a strange-looking medley; here and there, the richly-tattooed face of a chief, and now and then, the wrinkled visage of a shrivelled old woman, varied the group. One poor decrepit soul was in mourning-I think it was for her husband; her weeds consisted of a profusion of shreds of red cloth tied round her head, and hanging in a bunch over her forehead. Both the native teachers wore European costume; one of them was strutting round his class, loudly vociferating to his pupils, dressed in a pair of military pantaloons, and a white blouse. The other and senior teacher was a mild little man, neatly tattooed, and dressed in an entire suit of faded black cloth: he gave out a hymn, and concluded the service with a prayer. "Oct. 7th-All day at Waingaroa taking portraits of the principal chiefs. A korero, or gathering of the native orators, was held at the mission station, to meet Forsaith (a government agent); and the most distinguished of these individuals sat to me for their portraits. So great is the sensation created by the exercise of my art amongst these people, that during the entire day the court-yard has been crowded with natives, all anxious to have their likenesses taken, that they may go to England with those of the Rangatiras: upwards of thirty found their way into the room where I was engaged in painting, and the passage leading to it was crowded to excess, so that there was no getting in or out. In fact, what with Forsaith's government business, in which they are deeply interested, together with my painting, the whole settlement is in a state of unwonted excitement. The day is over; the chiefs have concluded their meeting, (at which many energetic and eloquent speeches have been delivered) and two of the principal leaders, Wiremu Nera (William Naylor) or Awaitaia, and Paratene Maioha, are sitting with me at the table, writing letters to the governor; they made me fold their letters for them, and have given me their signatures beneath their portraits. * * * I painted Paratene attired in an elegant robe of large size, ornamented with dog's hair, one of those from the southern island, and called by the natives e parawai. Before commencing my sketch, personal vanity overcame the grave orator, and the cannibal warrior of other days; he went into the parlour to Mrs Wallis, and said, Mother, let me have a glass, to see that my countenance is right:' being anxious to compose his features in a manner suitable to his own ideas of propriety, before he took his stand for so important a proceeding. Paratene is, notwithstanding numerous peculiarities, a sensible and intelligent man, and much esteemed by those Europeans to whom he is known."
Of a principal chief and distinguished warrior, who had professed Christianity, it is here said, "His character has been without a blemish; and if any native could be singled out as evidencing the power of the gospel truth he professes to believe, Wiremu Nera (the New Zealand pronounciation of William Naylor,) is the man."
In the course of his rambles, Mr. Angas stumbled upon a curious settlement in the wilds of New Zealand; but we must first indicate his approach to it.
"Oct. 6th-Late last evening we reached the hospitable "About four miles beyond Whakatumutumu, we roof of the Wesleyan mission station. Mr. Wallis, the reached the falls of Mokau, an exceedingly romantic spot, missionary, was from home, but his wife received us most where that river dashes down a perpendicular wall of kindly, surrounded by a group of half a dozen fine rosy-rock, from a height of about sixty feet, in one broad sheet checked children, who bore testimony, in their healthy and happy countenances, to the salubrity of the New Zealand climate.
"The mission station stands upon the side of a bill, sheltered from the westerly winds, and overlooking a valley, along which winds one of the many branches of the harbour. The scenery around is remarkably picturesque. The house is about a mile distant from the sea-shore, against which the Southern ocean beats in the winter with terrible fury. Along the black sand composing the beach, that small and delicate shell, spirula Australis, lay scattered in considerable abundance.
"In the afternoon I visited the chapel, where I found two classes, composed of persons of all ages, squatted on the floor, reading the Testament in the Maori language with the native teachers, and all intent on their books.
of water. The rocky steeps on each side of the chasm are clothed with evergreens, amongst which the graceful rimu pine stands pre-eminent; high, broken rocks, resembling castles, fortresses, and towers, rise on the opposite side of the glen; and the surrounding hills are wild, and covered with fern. During the day, we passed many swamps, and followed the winding course of the river Mokau, along valleys surrounded by strange, desolate-looking hills, with rocks of micaceous schist cropping out. In various parts of the river, native weirs, for catching eels, are frequent; these the natives keep up with great care, as they also do their eel-pahs, for the reception of these fish. The importance and value of the rel-pahs is frequently a subject of dispute amongst the chiefs. At the summit of a steep hill, we met a party of slave-girls, travelling towards Whakatumutumu, heavily laden with baskets, con