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title upon the comrades of Julian in his Persian | most fearful lesson extant of the great moral, expedition than the Surena's master. And there that crime propagates crime, and violence inherits are many cases extant in which the word angel violence ; nay, a lesson on the awful necessity which strikes a deeper key, cases where power is con-exists at times, that one tremendous wrong should templated as well as beauty or mysterious exis- blindly reproduce itself in endless retaliatory tence, than the word archangel, though confessedly wrongs. To have resisted the dread temptation, higher in the hierarchies of Heaven,

would have needed an angel's nature: to have Let me now draw the reader's attention to yielded, is but human; should it, then, plead in Count Julian, a great conception of Mr. Lan- vain for pardon? and yet, by some mystery of dor's.

evil, to have perfected this human vengeance, is, The fable of Count Julian (that is, when finally, to land all parties alike, oppressor and comprehending all the parties to that web, of oppressed, in the passions of hell. which he is the centre) may be pronounced the Mr. Landor, who always rises with his subject, grandest which modern history unfolds. It is, and dilates like Satan into Teneriffe or Atlas, and it is not, scenical. In some portions (as the when he sees before him an antagonist worthy of fate so mysterious of Roderick, and in a higher his powers, is probably the one man in Europe sense of Julian) it rises as much above what the that has adequately conceived the situation, the stage could illustrate, as does Thermopylæ above stern self-dependency and the monumental misery the petty details of narration. The man was of Count Julian. That sublimity of penitential mad that, instead of breathing from a hurricane grief, which cannot accept consolation from man, of harps some mighty ode over Thermopylæ, cannot hear external reproach, cannot condescend fancied the little conceit of weaving it into a to notice insult, cannot so much as see the curiometrical novel or succession of incidents. Yet, sity of by-standers; that awful carelessness of all on the other hand, though rising higher, Count but the troubled deeps within his own heart, and Julian sinks lower : though the passions rise far of God's spirit brooding upon their surface, and above Troy, above Marathon, above Thermopylae, searching their abysses, never was so majestically and are such passions as could not have existed described as in the following lines; it is the under Paganism ; in some respects they conde- noble Spaniard, Hernando, comprehending and send and preconform to the stage. The charac- loving Count Julian in the midst of his treasons, ters are all different, all marked, all in position; who speaks:--Tarik, the gallant Moor, having by which, never assuming fixed attitudes as to said that at last the Count must be happy; for purpose and interest, the passions are deliriously that complex, and the situations are of corresponding

** Delicious calm grandeur. Metius Fuffetius, Alban traitor! that

Follows the fierce enjoyment of revenge." wert toru limb from limb by antagonist yet con- Hernando replies thus:federate chariots, thy tortures, seen by shudder- “ That calm was never his; no other will be, ing armnies, were not comparable to the unseen Not victory, that o'ershadows him, sees he: tortures in Count Julian's mind; who—whether No airy and light passion stirs abroad

To ruttle or to soothe him; all are quell'd his treason prospered or not, whether his dear

Beneath a mightier, sterner, stress of mind. outraged daughter lived or died, whether his

Wakeful he sits, and lonely, and unmov'd, king were trampled in the dust by the horses of Beyond the arrows, shouts, and views of men. infidels, or escaped as a wreck from the fiery As oftentimes an eagle, ere the sun struggle, whether his dear native Spain fell for

Throws o'er the varying earth his early ray,

Stands solitary-stands immovable ages under misbelieving hounds, or, combining

Upon some highest cliff, and rolls his eye, her strength, tossed off them, but then also him

Clear, constant, unobservant, unabas'd, self, with one loathing from her shores--saw, In the cold light above the dews of morn." as he looked out into the mighty darkness, and

One change suggests itself to me as possibly for stretched out his penitential hands vainly for

the better, viz., if the magnificent linepity or for pardon, nothing but the blackness of ruin, and ruin that was too probably to career

Beyond the arrows, shouts, and views of men''through centuries. “To this pass," as Cæsar were transferred to the secondary object, the -aid to his soldiers at Pharsalia, “had his ene-eagle, placed after what is now the last line, it mies reduced him ;” and Count Julian might would give a fuller rhythmus to the close of the truly say, as he stretched himself a rueful sup- entire passage ; it would be more literally applipliant before the Cross, listening to the havoc cable to the majestic and solitary bird, than to that was driving onwards before the dogs of the the majestic and solitary man ; whilst a figuraCrescent, “My enemies, because they would not tive expression even more impassioned might be remember that I was a man, forced me to forget found for the utter self-absorption of Count Juthat I was a Spaniard :--to forget thee, oh na- lian's spirit-too grandly sorrowful to be capable tive Spain,-and, alas! thee, oh faith of Christ!” of disdain.

The story is wrapt in gigantic mists, and looms It completes the picture of this ruined prince, upon one like the Grecian fable of Edipus; and that Hernando, the sole friend (except his daughthere will be great reason for disgust, if the deep ter) still cleaving to him, dwells with yearning Arabie researches now going on in the Escurial, desire upon his death, knowing the necessity of of at Vienna, should succeed in stripping it of its this consummation to his own secret desires, grandeurs. For, as it stands at present, it is the knowing the forgiveness which would settlo upon

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his memory after that last penalty should have rously shrill since he has been fitted up with that been paid for his errors, comprehending the peace horrid railway whistle ; and even old Mother that would then swallow up the storm:- Space is growing rather impertinent, when she * For his own sake I could endure his loss,

speaks out of monthly journals licensed to carry Pray for it, and thank God: yet mourn I must but small quantities of bulky goods; yet one thing Him above all, so great, so bountiful,

I must say in spite of them both. 17104 VUY So blessed once!

It is, that although we have had from men of me"It is no satisfaction to Hernando that Julian morable genius, Shelley in particular, both direet should " yearn for death with speechless love," and indirect attempts (some of them powerful atbut Julian does so: and it is in vain now, amongst tempts) to realise the great idea of Prometheus, these irreparable ruins, to wish it otherwise. which idea is so great, that (like the primeval ma

"'Tis not my solace that 'tis * his desire: 1 jesties of Human Innocence, of avenging Deluges Of all who pass us in life's drear descent

that are past, of Fiery visitations yet to come), it We grieve the most for those who wish'd to die."

has had strength to pass through many climates, How much, then, is in this brief drama of and through many religions, without essential Count Julian, chiseled, as one might think, by loss, but surviving, without tarnish, every furnace the hands of that sculptor who fancied the great of chance and change : so it is that, after all has idea of chiseling Mount Athos into a demigod, been done which intellectual power could do sinco which almost insists on being quoted; which seems Æschylus (and since, Milton in: bis Satan), no to rebuke and frown upon one for not quoting it; embodiment of the Promethean situation, none of passages to which, for their solemn grandeur, the Promethean character, fixes the attentive eye one raises one's hat as at night in walking under upon itself with the same secret feeling of fidelity the Coliseum ; passages which, for their luxury to the vast archetype, as Mr. Landor's !! Connt of loveliness, should be inscribed on the phy- Julian.” There is in this modern aerolithe the lactories of brides, or upon the frescoes of Iovia,

same jewelly lustre, which cannot be mistaken; illustrated by the gorgeous allegories of Rubens. the same “non imitabile fulgur,'' and the same

“ Sed fugit interea, fugit irreparabile tempus, character of “fracture," or cleavage, as mineraloSingula dum capti circumvectamur amore.'

gists speak, for its beaming iridescent grandeur, Yet, roader, in spite of time, one word more on redoubling under the crush of misery. The colour the subject we are quitting. Father Time is and the coruscation are the same when splintered certainly become very importunate and clamo- by violence; the tones of the rocky* harp are the

samo when swept by sorrow. There is the same *"'Tis":-Scotchmen and Irishmen (for a reason which spirit of heavenly persecution against his enemy, it may be elsewhere

worth while explaining) make the persecution that would have hung upon his rear, same mistake of supposing 'tis and 'twas admissible in prose: which is shocking to an English ear, for since 1740 and “burn'd after him to the bottomless pit," they have become essentially poetic forms, and cannot, though it had yawned for both; there is the same be used in conversation or in any mode of prose. My gulf fixed between the possibilities of their reconLandor does not make that mistake, but the reduplication ciliation, the same immortality of resistance, the of the 'tis in this line, will he permit me to say? is dread- same abysmal anguish. Did Mr. Landor conful. He is wide awake to such blemishes in other men of sciously cherish this Æschylean ideal in composall nations : so am I. He blazes away all day long against

the trespasses of that class, like a man in spring protecting ing “ Count Julian?” I know not: there it is. ! corn-fields against birds. So do I at times. And if ever I

publish that work on Style, which for years has been in * “Rocky harp:"— There are now known other cases, preparation, I fear that, from Mr. Landor, it will be neces- beside the ancient one of Memnon's statue, in which the sary to cull some striking flaws in composition, were it " deep-grooved" granites, or even the shifting sands of only that in his works must be sought some of its most wildernesses, utter mysterious music to ears that watch striking brilliancies.

and wait for the proper combination of circumstances.

SKETCHES IN CITIES.No. I.

GLASGOW-PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE.

LONDON is not inaptly dubbed a wilderness of like Edinburgh, save only St. Petersburgh, * brick. Glasgow may be called by a name more where the polished marble of the ranges of pa

wonderful-a mighty maze of Portland stone. laces transcends the beauty of the granular * At Abbotsford, Sir Walter Scott constructed blocks of Craigleith quarry. The time is not

a romance of stone and lime. The merchant far distant when there was nothing in Glasgow princes of Glasgow have built up a great fact like the modern parts of Edinburgh, excepting of ashlar and mortar. * Substantiality is the Blytheswood Square.

Woodside Crescent was extraordinary feature in the greatness of our not as yet. “ Will you go to Kelvin Grove, Scotch cities. There is no city in the world bonnie lassie, O!” was certainly a popular air,

* Glasgow, even at the close of last century, enjoyed the * Riding up the Newski Perspective, the most magnidistinction of being pronounced by the fastidious Pennant ficent street in that magnificent city, I felt the stories of

the best built of any second-rate city I ever saw; the its splendour were not exaggerated, and that this was inhonses of stone, and, in general, well built, plain, and un- deed entitled to the proud appellation of the “ Palmyra of affected."--Pennant's Tour.

the North."-Stephens's Incidents of Travel.

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bat never, at that time,' executed on a keyed but not in its glory. : We can hardly hope to bugle from the top of the Royal Crescent om- satisfy, such persons that the real Glasgow of nibus." The saered seclusion of that classic which we speak is the Glasgow of their imagrove, and, eke, its pear-tree well, uninvaded by ginations, so unparalleled has been its progresthe petrifying approach of its elegant rival, sion in beauty and in bounds. * Ring Grove" (a handsome stone crescent), was Unhappily, the architectural advances of cities only accessible by the dangerous pass of a rickety do not cure the evils they conceal. On the conold wooden bridge, crumbling into visible decay. trary, the houses abandoned by the affluent for Now, things are greatly altered. The Great abodes of greater magnificence, are immediately Western Road, traversing, like a huge Roman parcelled out into single rooms amongst the Way, the lands of Woodside ; and spanning, swelling herds of the poor. Whilst the splenwith massive arch, the blue stream of the Kel. dour of palaces alone appears to be adding granvin, sends off, in radiations, its incipient lines of deur to the new extent, another addition of feararchitectural splendour. The New Parliamen- ful magnitude is silently accumulating at a city's tary Road, stretching its interminable length core unseen! Think, that for every single ediwith more plebeian pretensions in an opposite fice whose aspect ornaments the magical extendirection, adds mass upon mass to the municipal sion of the New Parliamentary Boundary of structures. Railways penetrate on gigantic via- Glasgow,* a house of misery, it may be a den of ducts, or through subterranean passages, towards thieves, a haunt of midnight revelry, a houf of the great civic centre ; whilst canals, as if con- vice, is somewhere or other within the pent-up scious of their slow-going qualities being in ar- precincts of the city, added also to its evils ! rear of the age, peer in about the suburbs. * Think, and exclaim with Cowper At the centre of the city itself, an absolutely new " God made the country, and man made the town!?. frontage is rapidly superseding the old familiar Such is Glasgow, seen at a bird's eye glance. aspect of Old Glasgow--if aught in Glasgow be But, in the ancient times--so little distant, that subject to be termed old, save the Cathedral and their antiquity is nearly an anomaly-it was far the College. The latter edifice, with its quaint different. We have only to go back to the monastic-like quadrangles-not excepting the twelfth century, and consider what Glasgow was - magnificent Grecian pile of the Hunterian Mu- then ;- an ecclesiastical hamlet, 'hanging on the

seum_ is about to be numbered with the things verge of the romantic Molendinar, in clustered that were, by a transference of the College to repose, at the base of the gigantic Cathedral. the lands of Woodside, and the conversion of its Perhaps there might have been a row of fisherarea, by Act of Parliament, into a railway ter- men's huts along the Broomielaw-for clerks in minus! The boast of Augustus, that he had cathedral stalls were fond as cats of fish! The found Rome built of brick and left it of marble, rich ruddy salmon of the Clyde were certain to will, in short, ere long, be paralleled in Glasgow. have hugely tickled their palates, But rebuilding, like knowledge, would seem to

“On Fridays when they fasted.” be & pursuit sometimes attended with difficulties. How lovely must have been that scene, at the We have heard of a foreign wren which, to elude close of that century, when St. Kentigern's was the mischievous pranks of the monkey, builds its newly rebuilt, after its destruction by fire. Loompendant nest downwards from the bough of a tree. We aetually observed a tall thin tenement the early sunshine of summer, might be descried

ing through the thin mists that struggled with in the Trongate of Glasgow in process of being the huge bulk of the long nave and choir, surbuilt downwards, in the same fashion, in the mounted by the centre tower and spire charactergap betwixt other two houses, to please, we pre- istic of the Gothic structures of the period, emerBume, the Lord Dean of Guild ! Those who have known Glasgow only from the novel of ging on the eye in the full bold definition of its

bulk.f The Molendinar, lovely mill-stream of " Rob Roy,” who have never perused the broadsheet of expanded masonry it now outspreads over many square miles of a densely crowded * By a recent Act of Parliament, the City of Glasgow area—who have heard but of the Salt-Market,

now embraces, in one united municipality, the whole six

teen city districts lying on either side of the Clyde; but the Briggate, the Goosedubs, and the Gorbals, which may, in general terms, be described as extending as its leading localities—will hardly imagine from the bends of the Clyde upon the east to the course that there can be such a region as a fashionable Glasgow proper, the suburbs of Calton and Milend, Port

of the Kelvin on the west, and as including, along with West-end in Glasgow, with its Clarendon Places, Dundas, and Anderston, on the north of the river; with and its Apsley Places, where, till recently, the Hutchesontown, Gorbals, Laurieston, Tradeston, and suburban squalor of the Cowcaddens was alone Kingston, on the south-all under the government of a

“ local parliament,” or municipal council of 48, and one general system of police, over which the election of a su

perintendent is pending. Glasgow is now, therefore, The subsisting railways comprehend only the Garn- owing to the existence of separate municipal governments kirk (Wishaw and Coltness), the Ayrshire and the Green in and around London, the largest municipality in the ook, the Edinburgh and Glasgow, the Pollock and Govan, three kingdoms, considerably exceeding Manchester, both and some other coal lines; although a multitude more, in population and extent. including the Neilston and Barrhead Direct, the Cale- + John Murdo, the great Scotch master-mason, who had donian, and the General Terminus lines are advancing, “Melros in kepying," is said to have been the builder of and about to come into operation. The Canals include the pile dedicated by John Achuius to St. Mungo, in 1136. the Union Canal, a branch of the Forth and Clyde Canal ; It stands 100 feet above the level of the river, is 319 feet the Monklaad Canal ; and the Paisley and Johnstone long from west to east, 63 feet broad, 90 feet high in the Canal.

choir, and 63 in the nave; is supported by 147 pillars ;

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yore! whatever it may be now (and be that | Where is it now? The Danes, probably, denameless), swept bye, over beds of pearl, be- stroyed it; for of its subsequent fate we know twixt overhanging cliffs, romantically precipitous. nothing more than the name of Baldred of InchWoods upon the heights, already vocal with the innan, the next ecclesiastic in it after Saint murmurs of feathered nature, concerted with the Mungo. No matter; it appears that Saint Mungo unsophisticated, hydraulic strains amidst the peb-was canonised as a cathedral saint, in conse: bles below! They had a decided taste for the quence of having instituted this church. At the picturesque, those polished minions of ancient Culdee era of 560, at which he flourished, this priestcraft! And it will always be a sufficient holy man was, perhaps, not so much amiss. Exanswer to every one who denies (as some do) the cept that his extraction was not particularly reexistence of a site of beauty in or around Glas- putable--being the bastard of Thametis, the gow, that they selected this for the site of a ca- Pictish King Loth's daughter-we have nothing thedral dome, out of all the lovely spots that lie to allege against him. It is a wise child, they along the vale of Clyde, from Stonebyres to say, that knows its own papa. Whatever may Kelvin.

have been Saint Mungo's wisdom, he must have The literal signification of the word or words, entertained very grave doubts on this particular “Glas-gow'—the Grey Smith--has given rise to subject. His paternity was imputed to Eugenius the belief that the name originated with some III., king of the Scots. Fleeing from & fa. son of Vulcan, who blazed away upon the spot ther's wrath, the Saint's unhappy mother was prior to its becoming the site of any church. driven, by the winds and waves, upon the Fife Upon the principles, probably, which served to coast at Culross, and gave birth to the Saint transmogrify the initial letters of “Aiken Drum's in that town of coal. Saint Mungo was comLang Ladle” into a Roman inscription, the site mitted to the care and tuition of Saint Serof the Grey Smith's forge, near that of the vanus, or Saint Serf, the hermit of Culross Bishop's Castle, has even been traced by the an- (afterwards Bishop of Orkney), the oldest Can tiquary! The very natural interpretation of " a ledonian pedagogue on record; and, appropridark glen” from the British language, and, even ately enough, at an annual “feast, long mainfrom the Celtic, the not improbable one of “the tained at Culross, in honour of St. Serf, the chief greyhound ferry,” have also been given the words, insignia of the procession consisted of branches of “Glas-gow." There is evidently scope here for scholastic birch! Saint Mungo seems to have traditionary legends ; but if any ever hung on retained, through life, a wholesome sense of perthe name of Glasgow, they are irrecoverably lost.sonal discipline; for, amongst the relics removed

The history of Glasgow commences with the to Paris by the last Archbishop, Beaton, left by fact of its having been one of the stations on the him to the Scots College and Carthusian MoClyde of the Roman province of Valentia, till nastery of Paris, to be restored to the people of A.D. 426, when the Romans finally retired from Glasgow on their return to the bosom of the this island to defend their own imperial city from Church of Rome, and awaiting that consummathe inroads of the Goths. Two centuries after tion since 1859, in the Roman Catholic College their removal, Saint Mungo, or, to speak more of Blairs, Aberdeenshire!—there is, “in a square politely, Saint Kentigern is said (by Spottis- silver coffin, part of the scourges of St. Kentigern, wood) to have founded here “a stately church.” our patron.' He probably felt that this discilighted by 157 windows; but never assumed the perfect pline “mended his manners,” and hence did not crucial form from the south transept (as happened in the “mind the pain.” His holy life must, doubtless, peighbouring instance of Paisley Abbey Church), never have assisted to correct such frailties of his age having been completed, although founded. The altitude of the exquisite central tower is 225 feet. The roofing of

as that to which he himself traced his being. His the cathedral with lead, by Bishop Spottiswood, previous solitary asceticism, and his foundation of monasto 1615, has been the means of retaining it in excellent teries in Wales, are less open to approval. His preservation ; although one portion of the unfinished tran; return to Glasgow, establishment of its church, sept is characteristically known as “the dripping aisle.” Government having, some time ago, proposed to contribute and production of some disciples of celebrity, £10,000, provided a like sum should be contributed by the more immediately concern our present purpose; of this ancient fabric, to which the community evinced so yet not much more immediately. His burial spot, fervent an attachment as to save it from destruction at the and even his monument, have been pretendedly Reformation, the most judicious repairs have, for a length indicated in the crypt of the Cathedral; but over of time past, been proceeding for the renovation of the his grave a glooin, protracted throughout a space massive pile. The castle, or residence of the Bishop, adjoined the cathedral; but its remains were removed of five hundred years, settles down, impenetrable about fifty years since, and the Glasgow Royal Infirmary to the antiquarian gaze. Of the character of erected on the site. Sir Walter Scott's description of the cathedral crypt, the reputed burial-place of St. Mungo, the

Saint Mungo* there is not much recorded, even founder of the cathedral, is too well known to be here repeated. This crypt is a dense colonnade of 65 pillars, Alexander Rouger, a poet, whose powers, if not in the some of which are 18 feet in circumference; and, although sublime, were at least in the pathetic and ridiculous equally 18 feet in height, are buried some five or six feet in mortal manifested, has taken the liberty to insinuate that Saint mould, so that its extensive range of low-browed, dark and Mungo was not a member of the temperance society twilight vaults are exactly such as are used for sepulchres.

“ Sanct Mungo wals ane famous Sanet, Whilst used as a church, for two centuries and a half

And ane cantye carle wals hee; after the Reformation, this must have continued to be one

Hee drank o' ye Molendinar Burne of the most singular places of worship in Europe, recalling

Quhan bettere hee couldna prie."-da the churches in the catacombs of ancient Rome and early The poor bard himself has lately passed into that land Christianity. Pennaut observes, that the congregation “ from whose bourne no traveller returns.” It is paying, might truly say, Clamavi ex profundis.

perhaps, a poor tribute to his memory to say that the earl

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by the verucious chroniclers who, in the indolence is the only name by which the flood that laves of lettered ease, have favoured the world with the banks of the Cathedral grounds, and of the those marvellous relations of the Scottish Bre- modern Necropolis,* (anciently the Fir Park) is viary, that fully equal the thousand and one known to fame. The pitch of prosperity and nights' recitations which Shahrazád, the Wezeer's grandeur to which the ecclesiastics of Glasgow daughter, made unto King Shahriyár. The only raised the place, may be judged of by the circumtrace that has descended to us of his being a stance of Bishop Cameron, after building himself miracle-worker is couched in St. Mungo's enigma, a castle, causing each of the thirty-two rectors in the far-famed emblazonry of the Glasgow Civic under him to embellish the town with a manse. Arms, thus celebrated in the flowing verse of The town, notwithstanding, was, till long after Zachary Boyd:

the Reformation, confined to the ridge extending Ei oo This is the tree that never grew;

from the cathedral ; for, in promoting the power This is the bird that never flow;

and wealth of the see, the ecclesiastics were by This is the bell that never rang;

no means ambitious to diffuse the enjoyment of This is the fish that never swam." +

its enormous revenues far beyond their own imTo the churchmen of that elegant and artistical mediate circle. Their spiritual jurisdiction exera, the twelfth century, must be assigned the tended into Dumbartonshire, Renfrewshire, Stirmerit of imparting to Glasgow its first impulse lingshire, Lanarkshire, and Ayrshire.

The towards civic honours. To do these venerable bishops and (after 1500) archbishops were tempovoluptuaries justice, in taking care of their own ral as well as spiritual lords of the royalties and particular ease and comfort, they carried with barony of Glasgow, and held, besides, eighteen them, and spread around them, wherever they baronies in Lanarkshire, Dumbartonshire, Ayrsettled, the arts of peace. With an instinctive shire, Renfrewshire, Peeblesshire, Selkirkshire, taste for the most beautiful localities, they snatched Roxburghshire, and the Stewartries of Dumthe loveliest spots of our native land from the jaws fries and Annandale, extending over two hundred of desolation, which extraneous fend and intestine and forty parishes. Their possessions in Cumfaction kept for ever distended to devour and to de- berland were termed “the spiritual dukedom.” stroy. Hence the busy mill clacked incessantly be- Buchanan, however, tells the story of the check low the ancient chimes of matin and of even song, which, at the summit of their pride and power, in constant and inseparable concord. Industry was, shortly after 1426, put upon John Cameron, found protection beneath the wing of the church the bishop (who is described as a good and great alone. Thus, the Molendinar, or mill stream,

* There is a contrast betwixt these adjoining cities of Sanct Mungo" is one of his happiest effusions. Yet of the dead, parted, as remarked in a local publication, ve suspect that, upon the principle that they who have the by this Lethe, the Molendinar, which evinces, in a striking ballads of a country to make, need not care who write its manner, the change of public sentiment respecting these history, the whimsical anachronisms, imputing to the Saint last abodes of humanity. The cathedral churchyard is the fact of being frequently "prymed with barleye bree, literally flagged over with flat monumental stones, and and staining "his whyte vesture wi' dribblands o'ye still,”

"though roofed only by the heavens,” “its precincts," as will serve to mar Saint Mungo's popular reputation. Sir Walter Scott says, "resemble the floor of one of our

* Zachary Boyd was a Protestant benefactor of Glasgow old English churches, where the floor is covered with College, who, entertaining a lofty opinion of his own rhym- sepulehral inscriptions;" reminding him of the roll of the ing powers, coupled his bequest in favour of that institution, prophet, which was written within and without, and there with the condition that the Senatus should undertake the was written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe." printing of a metrical version of the Bible, of which he This is not exactly conform to the specimen Pennant was the author. The College authorities evaded the con- gives of the inscriptions :ditions to a certain extent, by producing only two or three topfes of Zachary Boyd's Bible, one of which, whereof

Stay, passenger, and view this stone, seraps and quotations float traditionally amongst the stu

Who cured many while he lived; dents, is preserved in the library. The image of Zachary

So gracious he no man grieved : himself adorns one of the old College quadrangles.

Yea, when his physick's force oft failed, Mr. Andrew Park, a modern Glasgow poet, dissatisfied

His pleasant purpose then prevailed; with the perpetual infringement on the public dignity of

For of his God he got the grace

To live in mirth and die in peace. Glasgow, occasioned by the appropriation of the air of

Heaven has his soule, his corpse this stone, "Caller Herrin'" to give eclat to the healths of the Magis

Sigh, passenger, and then be gone. trates, on festive occasions, has produced a much more

Doctor Peter Lou, 1612. elegant and really appropriate version of this rythmical

It is within the cathedral that fragments of the more legend, adapted to the popular air of “Maggie Picken":-) ancient tombs vainly invite the passenger in obsolete lan"Let Glasgow flourish by the Word,

guage to the obsolete act of prayer for the souls of the deAnd might of every merchant lord, And institutions, which afford

parted. The only rich tomb spared at the Reformation Good homes the poor to nourish!

was that belonging to the ancient family of Stewart of A place of commerce, peace, and power,

Minto, who, from the period of James 1. downwards, enWith wealth and wisdom as her dower,

joyed the dignity of the Provostship of Glasgow. The May still her TREE majestic tower:

modern Necropolis, on the opposite bank of the Molendinar, Hura! let Glasgow Flourish!

approached by a handsome stone bridge, not improperly Here's to the TREE that dever sprung; Here's to the BELL that never rung ;

designated" the Bridge of Sighs,” is laid out in the style Here's to the BIRD that never sung;

of Pere la Chaise, and surprises the wanderer amongst the And here's to the CALLER SALMON."--c.

tombs at every step with monumental sculpture, creditable "Let Glasgow flourish-by the preaching of the Word,” is

to the state of British art. Amongst the tombs are the the modern motto superinduced upon the city arms. The

public monuments to John Knox, the Reformer, and Wil. words of the air “Caller Herrin” unfortunately refer to

fiam M'Gavin, the Protestant, surmounted by full-length "bonnie fish,” "new drawn frae the Forth." We regard statues ; the burial-place of the Jews, with a column the substitution of "caller salmon,” therefore, which, sin copied from the tomb of Absalom in the valley of Jehosagular to relate, continue to this day to be drawn from some phat, and the inscription from Byron, of the busiest portions of the Clyde, below the Broomielaw, "Oh! weep for those who wept by Babel's stream." &c. as exceedingly apposite--besides that the heraldic fish is the monuments of William Motherwell and Dugald Moore, decidedly a salmon in size and proportion!

the Glasgow poets, with busts by Fillans, &c. &c.

For under it lies such a one,

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