Puslapio vaizdai

cepts be religiously obeyed. Never transgress its limits. Every deviation from truth is criminal. Abhor a falsehood. Let your words be ingenuous. Sincerity possesses the most powerful charm. It acquires the veneration of mankind. Its path is security and peace. It is acceptable to the Deity. Blessed are the pure in heart.

Paragraphs of one period.-Industry is the guardian of innocence.

It is a great accomplishment to be able to tell a story well.

There is as much to be gained by thinking as by reading.

It is a great misfortune to be tired of home.

Secrecy has been called the soul of all great designs.
Express your sentiments with brevity.

A regular division of time prevents one hour from encroaching on another.

Paragraphs divided by a comma.-Never take a thing for granted, when it is in your power to reduce it to absolute certainty.

If the idle man knew the value of time, he would not be desirous of killing it.

If you would be revenged upon your enemies, let your life be blameless.

Be more ready to forgive, than to return an injury. Prosperity gains friends, and adversity tries them. He that would have good offices done to him, must do them to others.

By the faults of others, wise men correct their


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Paragraphs divided by several commas. Every person should obtain, if possible, a disposition to be pleased. As you value the approbation of Heaven, or the esteem of the world, cultivate the love of virtue.

Eat and drink with moderation, keep the body open, rise early, take, moderate exercise, and you will have little occasion for the physician.

The best preparation for all the uncertainties of futurity, consists in a well-ordered mind, a good conscience, and a cheerful submission to the will of Heaven.

Human society requires distinctions of property, diversity of conditions, subordination of ranks, and a multiplicity of occupations, in order to advance the general good.

Oratory, says Johnson, is the power of beating down your adversary's arguments, and putting better in their places.

Grammar traces the operations of thought in known and received characters, and enables polished nations amply to confer on posterity the pleasures of intellect, the improvements of science, and the history of the world.

Logic converses with ideas, adjusts them with propriety and truth, and gives the whole an elevation in the mind consonant to the order of nature, or the flight of fancy.

Rhetoric, lending a spontaneous aid to the defects of language, applies her warm and glowing tints to the portrait, and exhibits the grandeur of the universe, the productions of genius, and all the works of art as copies of the fair original.

Paragraphs divided by semicolons.-Between grammar, logic, and rhetoric, there exists a close and happy connexion; which reigns through all science, and extends to all the powers of eloquence.

Men's evil manners live in brass; their virtues we write in water.

Pride goeth before destruction; and a haughty spirit before a fall.

Innocence confers ease and freedom on the mind; and leaves it open to every pleasing sensation.

Sport not with pain and distress; nor use the meanest insect with wanton cruelty.

Interrogations.-Is a definite question one which begins with a verb, and may be answered by yes or no? Do we use the rising slide to a definite question ?

Is an indefinite question one which begins with an interrogative pronoun or adverb, and which cannot be answered by simple yes or no?

Do we use the falling slide in reading an indefinite question ?

Are who, which, what, interrogative pronouns ? and are why, when, whence, where, how, whither, and wherefore interrogative adverbs ?

Should we answer all these questions with yes? and, in reading, should we terminate each with the rising slide ?

Should we, in the absence of emphasis, use the rising slide, curve, or circumflex, in every case, while the sense is not formed, and, of course, is suspended? and should we always use the falling slide, curve, or circumflex, when the sense is formed? And does this generally happen

at a period, a colon, and sometimes at a semicolon, or a comma ?

Can we esteem that man prosperous, who is raised to a situation which flatters his passions, but which corrupts his principles, disorders his temper, and finally oversets his virtue ?

Must we, in reading the two last paragraphs, terminate them with the rising slides? and why?

What avails the show of external liberty to one who has lost the government of himself?

What direction is given in the first paragraph of the first lesson, on the subject of reading well?

How can any one read well, who does not pay due regard to the sense, and arrange what he reads into appropriate divisions?

Why do most persons read in a voice so very different from the tones in which they talk ?

Why should we read the four last paragraphs with the falling slide ?

Exclamations. How strangely are the opinions of men altered by a change in their condition!

What misery does the vicious man secretly endure ! Adversity! how blunt are all the arrows of thy quiver, in comparison with those of guilt


What a piece of work is man! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculties! in form how express and admirable in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a God!

Lovely art thou, O Peace! and lovely are thy children, and lovely are the prints of thy footsteps in the green valleys !

A competence is all we can enjoy :
Oh, be content, where Heaven can give no more!

The Dash.-True we have lost an empire-let it pass-true we may thank the perfidy of France that plucked the jewel out of England's crown with all the cunning of an envious shrew. And let that pass—'twas but a trick of state-a brave man knows no malice, but at once forgets in peace the injuries of war, and gives his direst foe a friend's embrace.

What !—will a man play tricks-will he indulge
A silly, fond conceit of his fair form

And just proportions, fashionable mien
And pretty face, in presence of his God!


A farmer came to a neighboring lawyer, expressing great concern for an accident which, he said, had just happened. "One of your oxen," continued he, "has been gored by an unlucky bull of mine, and I should be glad to know how I am to make you reparation." "Thou art a very honest fellow," replied the lawyer, "and wilt not think it unreasonable that I expect one of thy oxen in return." 'It is no more than justice," quoth the farmer, "to be sure; but-what did I say bull that has killed one of my oxen." It is your deed!" said the lawyer, "that alters the case: I must inquire into the affair; and if-" "And if!" said the farmer, "the business, I find, would have been concluded without an if !—had you been as ready to do justice to others, as to exact it from them."



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