Puslapio vaizdai

Good Signior, you shall more command with years,
Than with your weapons.
Bra: 0 thou foul chief ! where haft thou stow'd my

daughter ?
Damn'd as thou art, thou hast enchanted her ;
For I'll refer me to all things of sense,
If she in chains of magick were not bound,
Whether a maid, so tender, fair, and happy,
So'opposite to marriage, that she shunnid (9)

The wealthy curled darlings of our nation,
Would ever have, t'incur a general mock,
Run from her guardage to the sooty bosom

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she shunnid The wealthy curled Darlings of our Nation.] Tho' I have not difurbid 'the Text here,' I ought to fubjoin a very probable Conjecture which Mr. Warburton propos'd to me

: The wealthy culled Darlings of our Nation.' i. e. pick'd, select, chosen, from the common Suitors. For the Epithet curled, as he observes, was no Mark of Distinction or Difference between a Venetian and a Moor ; which latter People are remarkably curl'd by Nature. And tho' culled now, when our Ears are nicer than our Underftandings, may not so frecuently find a Place in the Drama ; the same Objection did not lie to the Sound of it in Shakespeare's Days. Of all Complexions the culld Sov’reignty.

Love's Labour lost.
Call for our chiefest Men of Discipline
To cúll the Plots of best Advantages.

King John.
Then, in a Moment, Fortune shall cull forth
Out of one Side her happy Minion.

Before I drew this gallant Head of War,
And cull'd these fiery Spirits from the World
To out-look Conqueft.

For who is He, whose Chin is but enrich'd
With one appearing Hair, that will not follow

These culld and choice-drawn Cavaliers to France ?" Henry V.
Now ye familiar Spirits, that are cullid
Out of the pow'rful Regions under Earth.

1 Henry VI.
And here's a Lord, come Knights from East to Weft,
And call their Flow'r, Ajax shall cope the best. ** Troil. and Creff.
No, Madam; we have cull'd fuch Necesaries
As are behovefull for our State to morrow.

Rom. and Jul.
In tatter'd Weeds, with overwhelming Brows,
Culling of Simples.

&c. &c. &c.


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Of such a thing as thou, to fear, not to delight?
Judge me the world, if 'tis not gross in sense, (10)

That thou hast practis'd on her with foul charms,
Abus'd her delicate youth with drugs or minerals, ...


(10) Judge me the World, if 'tis not gross in Sense,

That thou haft practis'd on her with foul Charms,
Abus'd her delicate Youth with Drugs, or Minerals,

That weaken Motion.] Brabantio is here accusing Othello of having us'd some foul Play, and intoxicated Defdemona by Drugs and Potions to win her over to his Love. But why, Drugs to weaken Motion? How then could she have run away with him voluntarily from her Father's House ? Had the been averse to chuling Othello, tho he had given her Medicines that took away the Use of her Limbs, might the not itill have retain'd her Senses, and oppos'd the Marriage ? Her Father, 'tis evident, from several of his Speeches, is positive that the muft have been abused in her' rational Faculties ; or she could not have made fo preposterous a Choice, as to wed with a Moor, a Black, and refuse the fineft young Gentlemen in Venice. What then have we to do with her Motion being weakend ? If I understand any thing of the Poet's Meaning here, I cannot but think, he malt have wrote ;

Abus'd her delicate Youth with Drugs, or Minerals,

Thet weaken Notion. i. e. her Apprehenfion, right Conception and Idea of Things, Underflanding, Judgment, &c. 'Tis usual with us to say, we have no Notion of a Thing, when we would mean, we don't very clearly underftand it. The Roman Claflicks used the Word in the fame Manner; and Cicero has thus defin'd it for us. NOTIONEM appello, quod Græci tìm kurarak tüm weýamfov. Dei notionem nullum Animal eft quod habeat præter hominem. Idem 1. de, Legibus. Cujus rei rationem notionemq; eodem Volumine tradidit. Plin.lib. 17. cap. 28, &c. Nor is our Author infrequent in the Usage of this Term.

Does Lear walk thus ? speak thus ? Where are his Eyes 2:
Either his Notion weakens, his Discernings
Are lethargied, &c.

King Lear.
Your Judgments, my grave Lords,
Muft give this Cur the Lye ; and his own Notion,
Who wears my Stripes, &c.

And all things elfe, that might
To half a Soul, and to a Notion craz'd
Say, thus did Banquo.

bi · Macbeth. And, in Cymbeline, he has express'd the fame Idea by an equivalent Term.

The Drug he gave me, which he said was precious
Aad cordial to me, have I not found it

Murth'rous to th' Senses? I made this Emendation in the Appendix to my SHAK SD BAR& restor’d, and Mr. Pope has adopted it in his last Edition.


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That weaken Notion. I'll hav't disputed on ;
'Tis probable, and palpable to thinking.
I therefore apprehend and do attach thee
For an abuser of the world, a practicer
Of arts inhibited and out of warrant ;
Lay hold upon him ; if he do resist,
Subdue him at his peril.

Otb. Hold your hands,


my inclining, and the rest.
Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it
Without a prompter. Where will you Igo
To answer this your charge?

Bra. To prison, 'till fit time
Of law, and course of direct Seffion
Call thee to answer.

Otb. What if I do obey?
How may the Duke be therewith satisfied,
Whose messengers are here about my side,
Upon some present business of the State,
To bring me to him?

Ofi. True, moft worthy signior,
The Duke's in Council ; and your noble self,
I'm fure, is sent for.

Bra. How ! the Duke in Council ?
In this time of the night ? bring him away;
Mine's not an idle cause. The Duke himself,
Or any of my Brothers of the State,
Cannot but feel this wrong, as 'twere their own;
For if such actions may have passage free, (11)
Bond-Naves and Pageants shall our Statesmen be. (Exeunt.



(11) For if such Actions may have Passage free,

Bondslaves and Pagans shall our Statesmen be.] I have long had a Suspicion of Pagans here. Would Brabantic infer, if his private Injury were not redress'd, the Senate should no longer pretend to call themselves Christians ? But Pagans are as ftrict and moral, we find, all the World over, as the most regular Christians, in the Preservation of private Property. The Difference of Faith is not at all concern'd, but mere humane Policy, in ascertaining the Right of meum and tuum. I have yen", tur'd to imagine, that our Author wrote, Bondslaves and Pageants foall our Statesmen be.

SCENE changes to the Senate Houfe. Duke and Senators, fet at a table with lights, and attendants.

Duke. There is no composition in these news, That gives them credir.

I Sen. Indeed, they're disproportion’d ; My letters say, a hundred and seven Gallies.

Duke. And inine, a hundred and forty.

2 Sen. And mine, two hundred ;
But though they jump not on a juft account,
(As in these cases, where they aim reports,
'Tis oft with diff'rence ;) yet do they all confirm
A Turkish Fleet, and bearing up to Cyprus.

Duke. Nay, it is possible enough to judgment ;
I do not fo fecure me in the error,
But the main article I do approve,
In fearful fenfe.

Sailors within.] What hoa! what hoa! what hoa !

Enter Sailor.
Offi. A messenger from the Gallies.
Duke. Now what's the business?

Sail. The Turkish preparation makes for Rhodes,
So was I bid report here to the State.

Duke. How say you by this change?

I Sen. This cannot be,
By no affay of reason. 'Tis a pageant,

i. e. if we'll let such injurious Actions go unpunish’d, our Statesmen muft be Slaves, Cyphers in Office, and have no Pow'r of redressing ; be Things of meer Show, and gaudy Appearance only, So, in Meas. for Meal.

Mine were the very Cypher of a Function,

To fine the Faults, whoje Fine stands in Record,
And let go by the Aftor.
And, fo, in King Henry VIII.

if we stand still, in fear
Ouč Motion will be mock’d or carped at,
We should take root here where we fit :
Or fit State-Statues only.


To keep us in falfe gaze ; when we consider
Th' importancy of Cyprus to the Turk,
And let our felves again but understand,
That as it more concerns the Turk chan Rhodes,
So may he with more facile question bear it; (12)
For that it stands not in such warlike brace,
But altogether lacks th' abilities
That Rhodes is dress'd in. If we make thought of this,
We must not think the Turk is so upskilful,
To leave that latest, which concerns him first;
Neglecting an attempt of ease and gain,
To wake, and wage, a danger profitless

Duke. Nay, in all confidence he's not for Rhodess
Ofi. Here is more news.

Enter a Messenger.
Mes. The Ottomites, (reverend and gracious,)
Steering with due course toward the Ise of Rhodes,
Have there injoin'd them with an after fleet-

i Sen. Ay, so I thought ; how many, as you guess ?

Mes. Of thirty fail ; and now they do re-item Their backward course, bearing with frank appearance Their Purpofes toward Cyprus. Signior Montano, Your trusty and most valiant Servitor, With his free duty, recommends you thus, And prays you to believe him.

Duke. 'Tis certain then for Cyprus : Marcus Luccicos, Is he not here in town?

I Sen. He's now in Florence.

(12) So may be with more fertile Question bear it ;] This is Mr. Pope's Reading ; but upon what Authorities, I am yet to learn. All the old Impressions, Quarto’s and Folio's, I know, have it ;

So may be with more facile Question bear it. i. e. He may with a more easy Struggle, with less Strength, carry Cyprus ; and the Poet subjoins this Reason for it, because Cyprus was not near so well fortified, nor in the Condition to oppose, as Rhodes was. I ought to mention, to the Praise of my friend Mr. Warburton's Sagacity, that tho' he had none of the old Editions to collate or refer to, he sent me word by Letter, that the context absolutely requir'd facile Question.

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