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Educated at Queen's University, Kingston. Resided in the United States for several years, and wrote for the American and Canadian periodicals. Author of “Lyrics on Freedom, Love, and Death." A writer of promise, whose loss was deeply regretted.
CAMPBELL, William Wilfred, government service, b. Western Ontario, 1861. Educated at University College, Toronto, and Cambridge, Mass. His verse appears in American magazines. Has held an appointment in the Department of the Secretary of State at Ottawa since 1893. Author of “Lake Lyrics, 1889; “ The Dread Voyage," 1893 ; "Mordred, a Tragedy, Hildebrand," dramas in blank verse, 1895.
CANTON, William, journalist, b, Island of Chusan, off the coast of China, 1845. Passed his childhood in Jamaica and was educated in France. Removed to Scotland and joined the staff of the Glasgow “Herald." " A Lost Epic and other Poems” was published in 1887.
CARLYLE, Jane Welsh, b. Haddington, 1801 ; d. London, 1866. Married Thomas Carlyle, 1826. A collection of her letters was made and' edited by J. A. Froude, 1883. Her verse, of which at one time she wrote a great deal, was spirited and original.
CARLYLE, Thomas, essayist and historian, b. Ecclefechan, Scotland, 1795;d. Chelsea, London, 1881. Educated at Edinburgh University. Studied for the ministry, but gave that up for law, which he also shortly abandoned. He taught school and was tutor in a private family. Owing to his individual style, he did not take his proper place in literature until the publication of the “French Revolution,” 1837. Most of his verse was contributed to magazines between 1823 and 1833. Was made Lord Rector of Edinburgh University in 1864. Among his works are ** Sartor Resartus," 1833–34 ;
Chartism," 1839; " Heroes and Hero-Worship,” 1841 ; “Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches," 1845 ; History of Frederick the Great," 1858-65.
RMAN, Bliss, man of letters, b. Fredericton, N. B., 1861. Was graduated at the University of New Brunswick, 1881, receiving the degree of M. A., 1884. During the past few years has resided chiefly in the United States, where he has been actively engaged as an editor and writer. Member of the editorial staff of several periodicals, including the New York "Independent"and the Chicago "Chap-Book." A frequent contributor of poetry and critical articles to the mazagines. His published books are, “Low Tide on Grand Pré," 1893 ; and
Songs from Vagabondia," with Richard Hovey as joint author, 1894.
“CARROLL, Lewis.” - See Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
CASTILLA, Ethel, resident of Victoria, Australia. " An Australian Girl" tributed to a Melbourne newspaper.
CLARKE, Herbert Edwin, b. Chatteris, Isle of Ely, 1852. Educated in schools conducted by the Society of Friends, of which denomination his parents were members. Published “Songs in Exile," 1879; “Storm-Drift," 1882.
CLEPHANE, Elizabeth Cecilia, b. Edinburgh, 1830 ; d. Melrose, 1869. “The Ninety and Nine," made famous by the singing evangelist, Ira D. Sankey, first appeared in the Family Treasury," and afterwards in the Christian Age.
CLOUGH, Arthur Hugh, educator, b. Liverpool, 1819; d. Florence, Italy, 1861. Spent most of his childhood in the United States, but later was sent to Rugby, and was a favorite pupil of Dr. Arnold. He took the Balliol Scholarship in 1836 and went to Oxford. Subsequently he was appointed Fellow and tutor at Oriel. Visited Rome and Paris, and wrote a notable series of letters from both places. In 1852 he came to the United States and established himself at Cambridge, Mass., where he lectured, taught, and contributed to various periodicals. During his American sojourn he won the friendship and alliance of the selectest leaders of the Harvard literary group. At Ox: ford he is remembered with Matthew Arnold and the struggle for freedom of opinion. His life and death inspired Arnold's The Scholar Gypsy," and elegy of “Thyrsis." In 1853 he returned to England, accepting office in the Education Department of the Privy Council, which he held until his death. “ The Bothie of Tober-na-Vuolich” was published in 1848, and a volume of poems, Ambarvalia," which he wrote with Thomas Burbidge, appeared in 1849. Completed his revision of Dryden's * Plutarch,'' 1859. After his death, his collected poems were brought out, 1862, with a memoir by his friend, Prof. C. E. Norton.
COLERIDGE, Hartley, son of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, b. Clevedon, 1796; d. 1849. Attended Merton College, Oxford, and obtained a Fellowship at Oriel College. Attempted a literary career in London, and afterward started a boys school at Ambleside, but was unsuccessful in both. Met Wordsworth when a boy and formed a friendship with him that lasted until his death. Contributed to ** Blackwood's." Published a volume of poems in 1833. His works were edited and republished by his brother in 1851.
COLERIDGE, Sara, daughter of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, b. Keswick, 1802; d. 1852. For a number of years made her home with her uncle, Robert Southey. In 1829, married her cousin, Henry Nelson Coleridge.
Did some valuable editorial work, and translating.
Phantasmion," a fairy tale, appeared in 1837.
COLLINS, Mortimer, novelist and journalist, b. Plymouth, 1827; d. Richmond, 1876. Published his first book of verse, Idyls and Rhymes," in 1855, while master of mathematics at Queen Elizabeth's College, Guernsey. In
1856 gave up this position and devoted himself entirely to writing. ** Summer Songs ” peared in 1860. Was the author of a number of novels, of which “Sweet Anne Page,” 1868, is one of the best known. Contributed to newspapers and magazines.
COOK, Eliza, b. Southwark, 1812 ; d. 1889. In her youth her writings were published in periodicals and attracted a great deal of notice. Established “Eliza Cook's Journal," a weekly periodical, 1819, but owing to failing health discontinued it in 1854. Lays of a Wild Harp” appeared in 1835, and her collected ** Poems,
New Echoes," 1864; and " Diamond Dust,” 1865. Her poems attained wide popularity and have passed through various editions,
COOPER, Thomas, “The Chartist," b. Leicester, 1805 ; d. 1892. Self-educated, and pursued his studies under great disadvantages. Took an active part in political reform and devoted his time to lecturing in England and Scotland. Collected his poetical works in 1878.
CORY, William, educator, b. 1823 ; d. 1892. Known as William Johnson during the greater part of his life, and while bearing this name published Ionica," a book of chaste and exquisite verse, 1858, and several text-books on the classics. Was educated at Eton, and held a Fellowship at King's College, Cambridge. Assistant master at Éton, 1817-71. Soon after leaving Eton, adopted the name of Cory, and brought out a • Guide to Modern English History. A new edition of "Ionica" appeared in 1891.
COTTERELL, George, journalist, b. Walsall, in the English Midlands, 1839. Studied law and practised for some years, but afterwards entered literature as a profession. For eight years he has been the editor of the “Yorkshire Daily Herald.”. Published " Poems: Old and New,” 1894 ; also two privately printed volumes of verse, 1870, 1887. The “ Banquet," a satire, appeared in 1884.
COURTHOPE, William John, b. Sussex, 1842. Educated at Harrow and New College, Oxford. Contributed to the “ Quarterly Review," and was one of the founders of the "National Review.” Appointed Civil Service Commissioner, 1887. At present Fellow of New College, Cambridge, and the most prominent candidate for the Chair of Poetry at Oxford, soon to be vacated by Prof. Palgrave. Author of "Ludibria Lunæ,'' 1869; “ The Paradise of Birds," 1870; Addison in the “English Men of Letters," 1884. The first volume of his masterwork, A History of English Poetry," has now (1895) appeared.
CRAIG MYLE, Elizabeth. Published “Poems and Translations," 1886 ; “ A Handful of Pansies,'' 1888.
CRAIK, Dinah Maria (Mulock), novelist, b. Stoke-upon-Trent, 1826; d. 1887. Married George Lillie Craik, Jr., 1865. Received a pension of £60 in consideration of her literary labors.
Published her first novel, “ The Ogilsies," in her twenty-third year. “John Halifax, Gentle man," her best known work, appeared in 1856-57; “ A Life for a Life," 1860. Collected her poems in a volume entitled “ Thirty Years, being Poems New and Old," 1881.
CRANE, Walter, painter, b. Liverpool, 186. Also a decorative designer and illustrator of books. President of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, founded 1888. "The Sirens Three," a poem written and illustrated by him self, appeared in 1886. He is also the author of illustrated books for children.
CRAWFORD, Isabella Valancey, b. about 1857; d. Toronto, 1887. Published - Old Spooks's Pass; Malcolm's Katie, and other Poems," in 1884.
CRAWFORD, Louise (Macartney). One of the active contributors to Chapman and Hall's “Metropolitan Magazine." "Beginninz about 1835, she published therein a series of
· Autobiographical Sketches," and also collaborated with Prof. F. Nicholls Crouch, the well-known composer, in the issue of several books of songs, she writing the words for his music. “Kathleen Mavourneen," as given in this Anthology, appeared in " Echoes from the Lakes," the first of the series. It was subse quently elongated for dramatic representation, by three supplementary songs, in the same measure, of which “ Dermot Astore" begins as follows: * Oh, Dermot Astore! between waking and sleeping
I heard thy dear voice, and wept to its lay : Every pulse of my heart the sweet measure was keep
ing, Till Killarney's wild echoes had borne it away." CROSS, Mary Ann Evans (Lewes),
George Eliot," novelist, b. Kirk Hallam, Der byshire, 1819; d. London, 1880. Educated at the village school and at a boarding school at Nuneaton. Became associate editor of the
Westminster Review," and meeting George Henry Lewes, she formed an alliance with him, although for legal reasons they could not marry. Mr. Lewes died in 1878, and she was married to J. W. Cross, 1880. Her first book of fiction
“Scenes from Clerical Life," written in 1856, and published under the pseudonym of
George Eliot." Author also of Adam Bede," 1859; "The Mill on the Floss," 1-; *Silas Marner," 1861 ; "Romola," 1863 ; * Fe lix Holt," 1866 ; Middlemarch," 1871-72; * Daniel Deronda," 1876. Of her poetry, “The Spanish Gypsy was published, isos;
Agatha," 1869; The Legend of Jubal and other Poems," 1864. “How Lisa loved the King” appeared after her death.
CURRIE, Lady Mary Montgomerie (Lamb), b. 184-, known as Violet Fane," eldest daughter of Savile Montgomery Lamb, of Beaufort, Sussex, and great-granddaughter of Archibald, Earl of Eglinton. Was married to Henry Sydenham Singleton, 1864; after his death in 1883, she became the wife of Sir Philip Currie, British ambassador to Turkey, and rem
sides at present in Constantinople. Her first book of verse appeared in 1872. Since then she has published five volumes of poetry and a number of prose works. An eclectic edition of her Poems, in two volumes, appeared in 1892.
CUSTANCE, Olive, b. Weston Park, Norwich, 1874. Daughter of Colonel Custance. Her work appears in the leading English periodicals.
DARLEY, George, critic and mathematician, b._Dublin, 1795; d. 1846. Took his B. A. at Trinity College, Dublin, 1820. Going to London, he wrote critical and other papers for the magazines, and finally, after a period of travel, went on the staff of the "Athenæum." At intervals, from the first, he produced highly lyrical dramas, children of the Elizabethan fantasy, born out of time. Of these the most noted and poetic is “Sylvia, or the May Queen, 1827. Darley is well called by Mr. Ingram laureate of fairyland." To his songs and melodies given in this Anthology the following lyric may be added as a foil :
THE FALLEN STAR
There is a blank in Heaven,
His airy course this even.
That hung for ages there,
That haunts the nightly air.
With a cherubic sigh
For even cherubs die !
Handful of Honeysuckle,” 1878; “An Italian Garden," 1886; Lyrics,” 1891 ; and “Retrospect,” 1893. Has written, also, a novel and several prose essays, and translated the “Crowned Hippolytus" of Euripides.
DAVIDSON, John, b. Barrhead, Renfrewshire, 1857. Educated at the Highlanders Academy, Greenock, and Edinburgh University. His “In a Music Hall and other Poems,” appeared in 1891; “Fleet Street Eclogues," 1893 ; ** Ballads and Poems," 1895. In addition to these he has written several dramas in verse.
DAVIS, Thomas Osborn, b. Mallow, County Cork, 1814 ; d. Dublin, 1845. Was graduated from Trinity College, 1836. Intensely patriotic, he was one of the most effective contributors to the “Nation,” - the revolutionary Irish journal established by Chas. Gavan Duffy in 1842. His poems and essays were collected after his death and published in Duffy's “ Library of Ireland."
DAWSON, William James, clergyman, b. Towcester, Northamptonshire, 1854. Entered the Wesleyan ministry, 1875. In 1892 resigned from the Wesleyan ministry and entered the Congregational. Has been a successful historical lecturer. His Arvalon, a first Poem," appeared in 1878; “ A Vision of Souls," 1884 ; and “Poems and Lyrics," 1893.
DE TABLEY, Lord (John Byrne Leicester Warren), b. 1835. Took his degree at Christ Church College, Oxford, 1856. Called to the Bar, 1860. His early work appeared under the assumed name of “William P. Lancaster. Author of "Eclogues and Monodramas,” 1864 ; Orestes," a drama in verse, 1867;
* Rehearsals,”' 1870 ; “Searching the Net," 1873 ; " The Soldier of Fortune," 1876. After years of retirement as a poet, Lord De Tabley brought out his later “Poems,” 1893, and a second series, 1894. Both these collections are distinguished for rare lyrical qualities, and have been warmly received by select lovers of poetry.
DE VERE, Aubrey Thomas, b. Curragh Chase, Limerick, 1814. Third son of Sir Aubrey de Vere Hunt. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Among his published works are
The Waldenses; or the Fall of Rora," 1842; “ The Search after Proserpine, Recollections of Greece and other Poems," 1813. In addition to these he is the author of a number of volumes of verse and two volumes of essays. A selection of his poems, edited by Prof. G. E. Woodberry, appeared in New York, 1894.
DISRAELI, Benjamin. See Earl of Beaconsfield.
DIXON, Richard Watson, clergyman, b. London, 1833. Educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham, and Pembroke College, Oxford. With Edward Burne-Jones, William Morris, and others, started the “Oxford and Cambridge Magazine " as an advocate of PreRaphaelite ideas. Curate at Lambeth, 1868, and later vicar of Warksworth and honorary canon of Carlisle. Author of “Christ's Com
Hear how his angel-brothers mourn
The minstrels of the spheres —
And dropping splendid tears.
Join in the fatal song,
Who sang with them so long.
The Lunar Spirit sings,
Sweeps all her sullen strings.
Where sleepless Uriel lies,
Mingled with mighty sighs.
The wandering eleven,
Who fell just now from Heaven. DARMESTETER, Agnes Mary Frances (Robinson), b. Leamington, 1857. Studied at the University College, paying special attention to Greek literature. Was married to M. James Darmesteter, the eminent Orientalist, in 1888, and has since resided in Paris. Author of several volumes of verse, among which are "A
pany and other Poems," 1861; “Mano,” 1883
, Odes and Eclogues," 1884; " Lyrical Poems, 1886; and “The Story of Eudocia and her Brothers,” 1888.
DOBELL, Sydney Thompson, b. Cranbrook, Kent, 1824;d. 1874. Succeeded his father in the wine trade, but found time to produce several volumes of poetry, and a political pamphlet on reform in parliamentary elections. His first work, “The Roman,'' a dramatic poem, appeared 1850; followed by Balder," 1854;
Sonnets of the War,”' in which he collaborated with Alexander Smith, 1855 ; “England in Time of War," 1856. In early days he used the pen-name of “Sydney Yendys.”
DOBSON, Henry Austin, Civil Service, b. Plymouth, 1810. Educated in Wales and on the Continent. In 1856 received a clerkship in the Board of Trade, and has since remained in official life. In the early seventies he attracted attention by novel and charming lyrics in light but thoroughly poetic vein; and upon the issue of his first collection, " Vignettes in Rhyme, and Vers de Société," 1873, it was evident that a new and artistic master of “Society Verse" had arisen. From that time, advancing in both art and feeling, he has stood at the head of his own school. Is the foremost writer upon the mode of Queen Anne's time, and quite imbued with its atmosphere. Since 1873 has issued, in verse, ** Proverbs in Porcelain," 1877; “Old World Idyls," 1883 ; " At the Sign of the Lyre, 1887; " Ballade of Beau Brocade,” 1892. All of these have been brought out in select and elegant editions, both in England and America. As a prose writer he has given us Lives of Hogarth, Fielding, Steele, and Goldsmith, and various critical works. Cp. “Victorian Poets," pp. 273, 473.
DODGSON, Charles Lutwidge, clergyman and scholar, b, about 1833. Popularly known by his pseudonym “ Lewis Carroll.” Educated at Christ Church, Oxford. Entered the Church, and is at present a lecturer on mathematics. His first story for children, “Alice's Adventures in Wonderland," was published in 1865. Author also of “Phantasmagoria,'' a collection of poems and parodies, 1869; “ Through the Looking-Glass," 1872; "The Hunting of the Snark,'' 1876; "Doublets,” 1879; and “Rhyme and Reason," 1883.
DOMETT, Alfred, colonial statesman, b. Camberwell Grove, Surrey, 1811 ; d. London, 1887. Studied at St. John's College, Cambridge. Was called to the bar, 1841. Went to New Zealand in 1842, and remained there for thirty years, during which time he held important political offices. Published his first book of poems in 1833. Some of his verses, which appeared in “Blackwood's Magazine" in 1837, attracted a great deal of attention. Ranolf and Amohia" was issued in 1872 : and “Flotsam and Jetsam ; Rhymee Old and New,” 1877. He was thought to be the Waring” of Browning's poem by that name.
DOWDEN, Edward, critic,
b. Cork, 1843. Was graduated with honors at Trinity College, Dublin. A divinity student for two years, and, later, President of the Philosophical Society. At the age of twenty-four was appointed Professor of English Literature at Trinity. An accomplished student and editor of Shakespeare. His “ Poems" appeared in 1877. "Studies in Literature,”' 1878, has been supplemented by a collection of more recent essays, " New Studies in Literature,” 1895. One of the most import ant of his later works is the “Life of Perey Bysshe Shelley," in two volumes.
DOWLING, Bartholomew, b. Limerick, Ireland, 182– Was clerk to the treasurer of the Corporation of Limerick. Resided for a time in the United States. Is known by his lyric, "The Brigade at Fontenoy," and by The Revel.” The latter poem has been erroneously attributed to Alfred Domett.
DOWNING, Ellen Mary Patrick, b. Cork, 1828 ; d. 1869. In her youth contributed to the
Nation," and was known as “Mary of the Nation."
DOYLE, Sir Francis Hastings, barrister. b. Nunappleton, Yorkshire, 1810; d. 1688. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. Called to the bar, 1831. Held an appointment in the Customs, and was made Professor of Poetry at Oxford, 1867, occupying the chair for ten years. Published his first volume, 1840, selections from which were reprinted in "The Return of the Guards, and other Poems,'1800. His “Reminiscences" appeared in 1856.
DUFFERIN, Lady Helen Selina (Sheridan), afterwards Lady Gifford, granddaughter of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, and sister of the Hon. Mrs. Norton, b. 1807; d. 1867. Married Mr. Price Blackwood, who became Lord Dufferin in 1839, and died in 1841. She wrote many beautiful songs and lyrics. A posthumous collection of her poems, edited by her son,
Lord Dufferin, has recently (1895) appeared.
DUFFY, Sir Charles Gavan, journalist, b. Cork, 1816. Editor and one of the founders of the “Nation.” Joined the Irish Confede racy, a branch of the Young Ireland Party, in 1817. Went to Australia in 1846, where he held several important offices. Was knighted in 1877.
DUTT, Toru, b. Calcutta, 1856 ; d. Calcutta 1877. In 1869, her father, a high-caste Hindu, took her with her sister Aru to Europe to study English and French. After visiting Italy and England she returned to her Indian home, in 1873. Her first book, “Sheaf Gleaned in French Fields,
was published at Bhowanipore, 1876. The little volume of her poenis, ** Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan, with a memoir by Edmund Gosse, came out in 1882.
DUVAR, J. H. -See John Hunter-Durar.
ELMESTON, James, architect, b. Wap ping, London, 1791 ; d. 'Homerton, 1867. A well-known writer of hymus. Published his
first volume of poems in 1817, and another in 1847, the latter being a select collection.
“ ELIOT, GEORGE.” - See M. A. E. (Lewes) Cross.
ELLIOT, Lady Charlotte, b. 183-, Daughter of Sir James Carnegie, and sister of the sixth earl of Southesk. Was married to F. F. Scrymsoure-Fothringham in 1860. Her second husband was Frederick Boileau Elliot. Her "Medusa and other Poems" appeared in 1878.
ELLIOTT, Charlotte, b. Brighton, 1789; d. 1871. Became a confirmed invalid, but for many years edited “The Christian Remembrancer Pocket-Book," and contributed largely to and revised the “Invalid's Hymn Book.
ELLIOTT, Ebenezer, known as the “Corn Law Rhymer," b. Wasborough, Yorkshire, 1781 ; d. Argilt Hill, 1849. Son of a poorlypaid clerk in an iron foundry, his opportunities for acquiring an education were limited. The beginning of his business career was a failure : but in 1821 he started as an ironworker in Sheffield, and in 1841 was able to retire to a small estate near Barnsley Hill, where he passed the remainder of his days. Corn Law Rhymes," with “ The Ranter," appeared in 1827; “The Village Patriarch," 1829. Was also a contributor to Bulwer's “ New Monthly Magazine."
EVANS, Sebastian, barrister and journalist, b. Market Bosworth, Leicestershire, 1830. Was graduated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1853. Received degree of LL.D., 1868. Editor of the “ Birmingham Daily Gazette" for three years. Called to the bar, 1873, and some years later became editor of the “People,” a conservative journal. “Brother Fabian's Manuscript and other Poems” was issued in 1865, and“ In the Studio" in 1875.
FABER, Frederick William, churchman, b. Yorkshire, 1814; d. 1863. Educated at Harrow and Oxford. Entered the Church of England, but in 1845 became a Roman Catholic. Was received into the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, and in 1849 was appointed Superior of the Oratory at London. Published several prose works, but is known chiefly by his hymns, a complete edition of which appeared in 1862.
“FATHER PROUT." - See Francis Mahoney.
FERGUSON, Sir Samuel, scholar, b. Belfast, 1810; d. 1886. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Admitted to the Bar, 1838. Was made Deputy Keeper of the Records of Ireland, 1867, knighted in 1878, and elected President of the Royal Irish Academy, 1882. Author of “Lays of the Western Gael," 1865; “Congal,”, an epic poem, 1867, and of several articles on Irish antiquities.
FIELD, Michael, the Parnassian name of two unmarried ladies, aunt and niece, whose reserve is properly held in respect by the editorial guild.* Authors of “Calirrhoë” and “Fair Rosamond," 1884; "The Father's Tragedy," etc., 1885 ; “Canute the Great," 1887; T'he
Tragic Mary,” 1890, and other vigorous poetic dramas, as well as the lyrical volumes entitled, “Long Ago," 1889; " Sight and Song,” 1892, and Under the Bough,” 1893.
FITZGERALD, Edward, b. Suffolk, 1809; d. Norfolk, 1883. Took a degree at Trinity College, Cambridge. His translations from the Spanish, the Greek, and the Persian, most of which were issued anonymously, reproduce the quality of the originals with such taste and poetic feeling as to be almost original works in themselves. His best known translations are
Euphranor, a Dialogue on Youth,” 1851 ; "Polonius, á Collection of Wise Saws and Modern Instances,”' 1852; " Six Dramas of Calderon," 1853; and the Rubaiyát of Omar Khayyam,” his greatest work, 1859. A superb American edition of the Rubaiyát, illustrated by Elihu Vedder's imaginative series of designs, was brought out in 1884.
FOX, William Johnson, preacher and man of letters, b. Suffolk, 1786; d. 1864. Studied for the Orthodox ministry, and finally became
radical Unitarian pastor at Chichester, and at the celebrated Finsbury Chapel, London, Wrote for various periodicals and was an eloquent speaker. Greatly interested in questions of reform. A memorial edition of his works was published in twelve volumes, 1868.
FRASER-TYTLER, C. C. - See Catherine C. Liddell.
GALE, Norman, b. Kew, Surrey, 1862. Educated at Oxford and then took up teaching, but since 1892 has devoted his time almost entirely to literature. “A Country Muse” appeared in 1892, followed by “Orchard Songs" and A Country Muse: Second Series,” in 1893, and "A June Romance” (prose) and “Cricket Songs," 1894.
GARNETT, Richard, librarian, b. Lichfield, 1835. Became an assistant in the Library of the British Museum at the age of sixteen, and has risen to his present dignity of Keeper, and is widely known and esteemed. In 1883 the University of Edinburgh conferred upon him the degree of LL. D. His " Primula and other Poems” appeared in 1858 ; "Io in Egypt,' 1839; Iphigenia in Delphi," 1890; and
Poems," a collective edition, 1893.
GILBERT, William Schwenck, dramatist, b. London, 1836. Educated at Great Ealing and at King's College. Obtained a clerkship and afterwards became a barrister, but finally gave all his time to literature. Has collaborated with Sir Arthur Sullivan in the production of many popular light operas. Author of “Bab Ballads " and a number of dramas.
GILFILLAN, Robert, b. Dunfermline, 1798; d. Leith, 1850. The son of a master weaver, he was apprenticed to a cooper, but after acting as merchants' clerk for several years, finally became collector of police rates at Leith. Contributed to various Scotch periodicals and to the anthology, Whistle Binkie.'' A collection of his works, with a prefatory biography, was published after his death in 1851.