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India; the King of Siam conferred upon him the decoration of the Order of the White Elephant; and in 1876 he received the Second Class of the Imperial Order of the Medjidie from the Sultan of Turkey. Visited America, 1892, and gave readings from his poems. As will be seen from the following list of his principal poetical works, he has devoted his muse to the idealization of the Oriental legendary, and especially the Buddhist faith, making this a field of his own, as compared with any English poet since Sir William Jones. Was knighted by the Queen in 1888. Author of “ Poems Narrative and Lyrical,”' 1853; Griselda and other Poems,” 1856 ; '" The Poets of Greece,” 1869; ,, The Light of Asia,", 1879; "Indian Poetry," 1881 ; " Pearls of the Faith,' 1883; “India Revisited," 1886; “Lotus and Jewel," 1887; " The Light of the World," 1891 ; “Japonica,'' 1891 ; Potiphar's Wife and other Poems," 1892; “ The Tenth Muse,” 1895.
ARNOLD, Matthew, critic of life, letters, and belief, b. Laleham, 24 December, 1822; d. Liverpool, 15 April, 1888. Eldest son of Dr. Thomas Arnold, the renowned master of Rugby. Educated at Winchester, Rugby, and Balliol College, Oxford. Scholar of Balliol, 1840; winner of the Newdigate prize by his poem of “ Cromwell,” 1843; Fellow of Oriel College, 1845. Professor of Poetry, Oxford, 1857-67. Eminently a university man and equally an independent thinker, he made and retained his hold on Oxford thought as no other man of his generation, arousing younger minds to a fine enthusiasm. Was à comrade of Clough, the subject of his poem, " The Scholar Gypsy,” and of the pastoral elegy, " Thyrsis," – and with him experienced the unsettling effect of the Tractarian movement. A noble melancholy thenceforth tinged his writings. He arrived at something like agnosticism, and warred against dogma of every kind; but emancipated thought, and was the rebuker of vulgarity and the apostle of true culture. Was the greatest of Victorian critics, as may be seen from his lectures On Translating Homer," 1861; "Celtic Literature,' 1868, etc.; and from his typical books of social and theological criticism: “Culture and Anarchy," 1869; “St. Paul and Protestantism,” 1870; “Literature and Dogma," 1873 ; “Literature and Science,” 1882. His earliest poems were “ The Strayed Reveller," etc., 1848 ; Empedocles on Etna,” 1855. These were followed by “Merope," 1861; “New Poems,"' 1868. The prefaces to some of his own editions, and to editions of Wordsworth and Byron, are of the highest order. For years he held official positions as Inspector of Schools and Commissioner on Education. Received the following degrees : LL. D., Edinburgh, 1869 ; Oxford, 1870; Cambridge, 1883. Cp." Victorian Poets,” chaps. iji, xii. (E. C. 8.]
ASHBY-STERRY, Joseph, essayist, poet, and novelist, b. London, 18:38. Resident in London, where he is an authority on matters con
nected with pleasure-boating on the Thames, of which he has always been an ardent devotee. Much of his writing is related to his outdoor life. Besides his contributions to magazines, he has written regularly for the press, and is a member of the editorial statf of the London “Graphic.”. Among his best known works are “Shuttlecock Papers," 1873 ; “ Tiny Travek," 1874; “ Boudoir Ballads, 1876; *Cucumber Chronicles," 1887; The Lazy Minstrel,'' 1897. “Nutshell Novels,'' 1890 ; A Naughty Girl," 1893,
ASHE, Thomas, instructor, b. Stockport, Cheshire, 1836; d. 1889. Was graduated as St. John's, Cambridge ; was ordained and be came a teacher. Afterwards was curate of Silverstorn, Northamptonshire, but in a short time resigned and resumed teaching. Autbar of several volumes of verse, the first appearing in 1859. Published a drama, “ The Sorrows of Hypsipyle." "Songs Now and Then" ap peared in 1875, and in 1886 a complete edition of his poems was issued.
AUSTIN, Alfred, journalist and critic, b. Headingley, near Leeds, 1835. Educated at Stonyhurst, and at St. Mary's College, Oseott. Took a degree at the University of London, 1853 ; was called to the bar in 1857, but de voted himself almost entirely to literature. Has been a writer for the “Standard" and the
Quarterly Review," and editor of the "Na tional Review," Author of notable criticism
* The Poetry of the Period, of various essays, three novels, and of many volumes of poems and poetic dramas. Among the latter are : The Human Tragedy,'' 1872, 1876; " S&vonarola," 1881; "At the Gate of the Cott vent," 1885 ; English Lyrics," 1890 ; " Prince Lucifer,” 1891 ; Narrative Poems," 1891; Fortunatus the Pessimist,” 1892.
AYTOUN, William Edmonstoune, pro fessor, b. Edinburgh, 1813; d. Blackhills, near Elgin, 1865. Author of “Lays of the Scottish Cavaliers," 1848, and many other poems, and also of stories published in “ Blackwood's. He was at one time a member of the staff of “Blackwood's" and then professor of rhetoric and belles-lettres in the University of Edinburgh. In addition to his other literary labors, he collected and annotated the ballads of Scotland. “ Firmilian," 1854, was a brilliant take-off, satirizing the “Spasmodic School" of poetry. The racy " Bon Gualtier's Book of Ballads,” 1856, was the joint work of Aytoun and Sir Theo. Martin.
BAILEY, Philip James, barrister, b. Nottingham, 1816. Studied at the University of Glasgow. Admitted to the bar in 1840. * Fes tus,'' his extended poem, was first published in 1839, and, after it had passed through a great number of editions, the enlarged " Jubilee Edition was brought ont in 1889, and included most of his other poems, viz. : “ The Angel World," 1850; “ The Mystic," "The Spiritual Legend," and "The Universal Hymn," 1868.
BALLANTINE, James, artist, b. Edinburgh, 1808 ; d. 1877. Published " The Gaberlunzie's Wallet," 1843; “ The Miller of Dearbaugh," and a collective edition of his poems, in 1856. Known also as a painter on glass. Some of his art work may be found in Westminster Palace.
BANIM, John, dramatist and novelist, b. Kilkenny, 1798; d. 1842. With his brother Michael, wrote a series of novels dealing with Irish life. “Tales of the O'Hara Family” vividly portray the condition of the Irish peasantry. His few poems are published chiefly in a volume entitled " The Chant of the Cholera : Songs for the Irish People.”
BARHAM, Richard Harris, clerical wit, b. Canterbury, 1788; d. 1845. Known as “ Thomas Ingoldsby," and contributed a series of quaint and comical stories in rhyme, “ The Ingoldsby Legends,” to Bentley's Miscellany." These were afterwards collected in book form, and are still famous in their kind. Also wrote a novel, “ My Cousin Nicholas." Appointed minor canon of St. Paul's and became vicar of the City churches of St. Augustine and St. Faith.
BARING-GOULD, Sabine, clergyman, b. Exeter, 1834. Took the degree of M. A. at Clare College, Cambridge, 1836. Appointed incumbent of Dalton, Thirsh, 1869, and rector of East Mersea, Colchester, 1871. In 1881 became rector of Lew-Trenchard. Has written extensively on religious subjects, and of late years has become well known as a novelist. Brought out a volume of poems in 1868.
BARLOW, George, b. London, 1847. Educated at Harrow School and at Exeter College, Oxford. His first book," Poems and Sonnets,' 1871, appeared while he was an undergraduate. Since then, a fluent lyrical writer, he has written many volumes of poetry, of which“ The Pageant of Life,” 1888, has gained the most attention.
BARLOW, Jane, b. Clontarf, County Dublin, in which neighborhood she has always resided. Daughter of the Rev. James Barlow, of Dublin Üniversity. Her verses picturing Irish life and sentiment have been issued in both England and the United States. Bogland Studies," her first book, was published in 1892. This was followed by Irish Idyls,' 1893; “ Kerrigan's Quality," 1894. Encouraged by the favor awarded to these sketches and poems, Miss Barlow is engaged upon other work. * The End of Elfintown,” a fairy tale in verse, and an English rendering of the Batrachomyomachia,” are announced for publication.
BARNES, William, clergyman, b. Dorset, 1801 ; d. 1886. Was an engraver in his youth, but meanwhile took up the study of Oriental languages. In 1847 became curate of Whitcombe, and in 1862 rector of Winterbourne Came. His poems in Dorset dialect were published in 1844, and again in 1856. “ Poems of
Rural Life," 1868, is a translation into ordinary English of some of his unpublished poems. Was author, also, of important works bearing on philology and early English history.
BAYLY, Thomas Haynes, song-writer, b. Bath, 1797 ; d. Boulogne-sur-Mer, 1839. Studied theology and law. Began writing poetry when young. At one time his ballads were quite popular among the English upper classes ; some of the best known are, “ The Rose that all are Praising," "0, no! We never mention Her,” and “Gaily the Troubadour."
BEACONSFIELD, Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of, novelist, statesman, and Premier of the Realm, b. London, 1804; d. London, 1881. Educated under tutors. Entered Parliament, 1837. Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1852 and again in 1858, and prime minister in 1868 and 1874-80. In 1877 was raised to the peerage and created Earl of Beaconsfield. His novels, ** Coningsby,” 1844, and “Sybil,” 1845, revolutionized certain political methods of the time and gave him a brilliant reputation as a novelist of politics and high-life which he maintained to his closing years, “Lothair,”' 1870, having been read still more widely than his earlier works. “The Wondrous Tale of Alroy appeared in 1833 ; "Rise of Iskander" and the * Revolutionary Epic,” 1834; “Tragedy of Count Alarcos," 1839. * Endymion,” his last novel, was issued in 1880.
BEATTY, Pakenham Thomas, b. 1855. Author of "To my Lady," 1878; “ Three Women of the People,” 1881; and “Marcia, a Tragedy," 1884.
BEDDOES, Thomas Lovell, physiologist, b. Clifton, 1803; d. Basle, Switzerland, 1819. Son of Thomas Beddoes, M. D., an eminent savant. Took his degree at Pembroke College, Oxford ; adopted his father's profession, but having means, studied in Germany and mastered and advanced the science of physiology. A precocious genius, he wrote plays and lyrics while yet a youth, publishing "The Bride's Tragedy” in 1822. This gained the critical favor of George Darley, like whom he was indeed
a belated Elizabethan.” The maturer and more powerful drama, “Death's Jest Book," appeared after his death, in the Pickering collection of his plays and poems, 1851.
BEECHING, Henry Charles, clergyman, b. 185–. Rector of Yattendon, Berks. Edited some of Shakespeare's plays, and in conjunction with J. W. Mackail and J. B. B. Nichols wrote · Love in Idleness,” published in 1883, and
Love's Looking Glass,” 1891, both volumes of verse. Author of “In a Garden," a volume of lyrics, 1895,
BELL, H. T. Mackenzie, critic, b. Liverpool, 1856. He has had an active literary career, contributing to the “ Academy” and other periodicals, and writing many critical and biographical notices of Victorian authors. Has published in verse The Keeping of the Vow,'' 1879; "Verses of Varied Life," 1882; old
Year Leaves," 1883. In 1884 brought out a been a successful writer of children's stories biographical and critical monograph on Charles
and verse. Whitehead, of which an enlarged edition has BLEW, William John, clergyman, b. about since appeared. “Spring's Immortality and 1806; d. 1894. Was graduated at Wadham Col. other Poems " was issued in 1893. Is now about
lege, Oxford, 1830; ordained, 1832. Has pubto publish a monograph on Christina Rossetti. lished several religious works.
BENNETT, William Cox, journalist, b. BLIND, Mathilde, b. 1850. A noteworthy Greenwich, 1820. Has always taken an active article on Shelley which appeared in the Westinterest in educational matters and in the estab- minster Review” was her first published work. lishment of local institutions for the benefit of “The Prophecy of Oran," a narrative poem, the people. Has written several volumes of was issued in 1881 ; "Heather on Fire,"11; verse, the first of which appeared in 1813. Was “ The Ascent of Man," a poem on evolution, a member of the staff of the “Weekly Dis- 1889; “Songs and Sonnets," 1893. She also patch," the London * Figaro," and other peri- translated the journal of Marie Bashkirtseff. odicals. Received the degree of LL. D. from
BLUNT, Wilfrid Scawen, b. Crabbet the University of Tusculum in 1869.
Park, Crawley, Sussex, 1810. Educated at BENSON, Arthur Christopher, educator, Stonyhurst, and at St. Mary's College, Oscott. b. Wellington College (of which his father was Member of the diplomatic service from 15.78 then head-master), Wokingham, 1862. Eldest
to 1869. In the latter year married Lady surviving son of Edward White Benson, Arch
Anne Isabella Noel, granddaughter of Lord bishop of Canterbury. Educated at Eton and
Byron. Has spent much time in the East. He King's College, Cambridge. Took a first class favored the cause of Arabi Pasha, and is an in the Classical Tripos, 1884. Became an as
ardent advocate of justice to Ireland, Author sistant master at Eton College, 1885, a posi
of “The Love-Songs of Proteus," 1881 ; * In tion which he still holds. Has published "Me- Vinculis," and "The New Pilgrimage,” both moirs of Arthur Hamilton," 1886, under the
issued in 1889. pseudonym of “Christopher Carr;” “Life of BONAR, Horatius, divine, b. Edinburgh, Archbishop Laud," 1887; “Poems," 1893; 1808. Educated at the University of Edin“Lyrics,” 1885.
burgh. In 1837 was ordained; became the BLACKIE, John Stuart, professor, b. Glas
pastor of the Presbyterian church at Kelso, gow, 1809; d. 1895. Educated at Aberdeen and
and while there began the publication of the
“Kelso Tracts." Joined the Free Church more Edinburgh Universities ; also studied in Ger
ment in 1843, and since 1866 has been the pastor many and Italy. In 1841 became Professor of
of the Chalmers Memorial Free Church in EdinHumanity at Marischal College, Aberdeen, and in 1852 Professor of Greek in the University
burgh. At one time editor of “The Journal of Edinburgh. Author of “Homer and the
of Prophecy," and "The Christian Treasury." Iliad," 1868, and "Lays and Legends of Ancient
Published several volumes of hymns. Greece," 1869. In 1860 his Lyrical Poems" BOURDILLON, Francis William, educa appeared, and in 1869 “Musa Burschicosa," tor, b. Woolbedding, 1832. Son of Rev. Francis book of rollicking student songs. Much sturdy Bourdillon, author of many religious works. and characteristic verse came from the pen of Educated at Worcester College, Oxford. For this fine old Greek and German scholar. His some years private resident tutor to the sons of nature was of a Scotch-Homeric cast, his person Prince and Princess Christian. Some of his and nianner not to be forgotten, and he left his published works are “ Among the Flowers and impress upon all who came within his range. other Poems," 1874;
* Ailes d'Alouette," te
published in the United States, 1891 ; A Lost BLAIKIE, John Arthur, b. 185–. For a time was on the staff of the “. Saturday Re
God," 1892 ; and “Sursum Corda,” 1893. view.” Published his first book, "Poems by
BOWRING, Sir John, scholar and diplo Two Friends," with Mr. Edmund Gosse.
matist, b. Exeter, 1792; d. 1872. An editor of
the “ Westminster Review." Took an active BLANCHARD, Laman, journalist and hu
part in political and social questions. Elected morist, b. Great Yarmouth, 1804; d. 1845. Be- to Parliament in 1835, and afterwards filled came secretary to the Zoological Society in
diplomatic positions in China and India. Was 1827. Brought out his first book of poems, knighted in 1854. He was widely famous as a 1828. Wrote for numerous magazines and pa- linguist, and published translations of the poetry pers; editor of the “ Courier” and sub-editor
of many lands. of the “Examiner." In 1876 an edition of his poems was issued, with a memoir by Blanchard
BRIDGES, Robert Seymour, physician, b. Jerrold.
1844. Educated at Eton, and Corpus Christi
College, Oxford. After travelling in foriga BLAND, Edith (Nesbit), b. 1858. Wrote countries, studied medicine in London and prace verses before her twelfth year. Her first pub- sed until 1882. A number of his poems, under lished poems appeared in the “Sunday Maga- the title of “The Growth of Love,” were beauzine" and Good Words." In 1879 married tifully printed at the private press of a friend. Mr. Bland. Published “ Lays and Legends," “Shorter Poems," published in 1890, and en1886, and “Leaves of Life,” 1888. Has also | larged in 1894, contains the greater portion of
his lyrical work. He has written several clas- of Barrett to his own. In childhood, her presical plays.
cocity and love of study were marvellous. She BRONTË, Emily and Anne. Emily, b.
wrote verse, delighted in the classics, and, as Yorkshire, 1818; d. 1848. Anne, b. Yorkshire,
she grew older, learned Hebrew and Italian. 1820; d. 1849. Daughters of Rev. Patrick
She read Greek poetry and philosophy in the Brontë. Educated at home and at a school for
original texts, and even the Greek Christian clergymen's daughters. Emily adopted the
Fathers, -often in company with Hugh Stuart pseudonym of Ellis Bell," and Anne that of
Boyd, as exquisitely related in “ Wine of CyActon Bell.” In conjunction with their sis
prus. Published anonymously her first book ter, Charlotte Brontë, they published a book of
An Essay on Mind," 1827. Her verse, “Poems," 1846. Emily also wrote one
translation of the “Prometheus Bound” apnovel, “Wuthering Heights,”: 1816; and Anne
peared, with poems of her own, 1833. In 1837 produced two, “Agnes Grey,'' 1846, and “The
she ruptured a blood-vessel, and thenceforth Tenant of Wildfell Hall," 1818.
was always fragile, - confined for years at a
time to her room, where she pursued her work BROOKE, Stopford Augustus, clergyman, and studies, and, until after her marriage, saw b. Letterkenny, Donegal, 1832. Educated at only her near and devoted friends. Meantime Trinity College, Dublin. Curate of St. Mat
her reputation increased with “ The Seraphim," thew, Marylebone, and afterwards of Kensing
1838; “ The Romaunt of the Page,” 1839; and ton ; minister of St. James' Chapel, 1866–75; "A 'Drama of Exile,” 1844; and in the lastappointed Chaplain in Ordinary to the Queen, named year she brought out the first collective 1872; and in 1876 became minister of Bedford
edition of her poems. John Kenyon made her Chapel. In 1880 seceded from the Church of
acquainted, 1815, with Robert Browning, who England. He has published several theological was gratified by an allusion to himself in Lady works, besides " Riquet of the Tuft,"' 1880; Geraldine's Courtship.
." The poets fell in love, ** Poems," 1888 ; " Tennyson: His Art in Re- but Mr. Barrett absolutely forbade his daughter lation to Modern Life,'' 1894; and “Life and
to contract marriage. Disregarding his manLetters of the late Frederick W. Robertson," date, she wedded Browning, 12 Sept., 1846, and which appeared in 1865.
went with him to Italy, never again seeing her BROUGH, Robert Barnabas, dramatist and father, and being relentlessly unforgiven by journalist, b. 1828 ; d. 1860. His early literary
him to the end. After her marriage her poetry work consisted of amusing dramas produced at
increased in beauty and power; she wrote her the Olympic and other theatres, and of journal- most sustained works and noblest lyrics, and ism in a light vein. Later endeavored to do her fame, despite her technical shortcomings, more serious work. Published "Songs of the became world-wide. America loved her, and Governing Classes,” 1855; and a collection of was loved by her in turn. A poet of humanity, "tales in prose and verse.
freedom, and enthusiasm, she sang spontaBROWN, Ford Madox, artist, b. Calais,
neously, and from a glowing heart. Her mas1821 ; d. 1893. A veteran leader in the Pre
terpiece of art and feeling is the “Sonnets from Raphaelite school, and wrote and lectured on
the Portuguese," 1850, – inspired by her love art. Was engaged for eleven years on a fresco
and marriage, and unequalled by any English series in the Manchester Town Hall. His wife
sonnet-series except Shakespeare's own. "Casa
Guidi Windows,' 1851, is her chief tribute to was the sister of D. G. Rossetti.
the Italian cause ; Aurora Leigh,” her longBROWN, Oliver Madox, son of Ford est work, a highly subjective romantic tale, Madox Brown, b. Finchley, 1855; d. 1874. He embodying her humane and liberal views, appossessed unwonted literary and artistic gifts, peared in 1856; and “Poems before Congress” Exhibited pictures at the Royal Academy, and in 1860. Her Last Poems” were edited by showed marked precocity as a writer of verse her husband the year after her death. Her only and prose. “The Black Swan,” his prose ro- prose relics are her letters, and the Essays on mance, was revised and published as Gabriel the Greek - Christian and English Poets, conDenver," but the original and better text ap- tributed to the “ Athenæum," 1812. Her repears in his collected works, edited in two vol- mains lie in the English burying-ground at umes after his premature death, by Mr. W. M. Florence. — Cp. R. H. Horne, J. Kenyon, and Rossetti and Dr. Hueffer.
“Victorian Poets," chap. iv. (E. c. s.] BROWNING, Elizabeth Barrett (Moul- BROWNING, Robert, the poet of dramatic ton-Barrett), the most inspired of woman- psychology, and in years, genius, and fame the poets, b. Coxoe Hall, Durham, 6 March, 1806; Laureate's only peer, b. Camberwell, near Lond. Florence, Italy, 29 June, 1861. The record don, 7 May, 1812; d. Venice, Dec. 12, 1889. of her birth is now substantiated, it having On his father's side he was of somewhat humbeen given, until recently, as " at Hope End, ble English stock, and inherited West Indian Ledbury, 1809.” She was, therefore, six years creole blood from his paternal grandmother. older than her husband, and in her forty-third On his mother's side he was Scottish and Geryear when Robert Barrett Browning, their only
His father's means were limited, but child, was born. Her youth was passed in Led- young Browning attended lectures at the Unibury, at the home of her father, a rich Ja- versity of London, and was afterward enabled maican, Mr. Moulton, who had added the name to travel on the Continent. From the first he
showed originality, and was little affected by nighest qualities are more clearly compra current modes of art and thought. His earliest hended, even by the Browning societies. His book was the fragmentary Pauline," 1833, truest lover is one who takes him at his best, afterward suppressed, but latterly included in as an affluent artist, and the most profound the " complete editions." This was followed modern revealer of the human soul, without by “Paracelsus," 1835, which secured for the over-valuing his excess of analysis and didactpoet a small set of firm adherents. Straf- cism. Cp." Victorian Poets," chaps. ix, xii. ford,” his first acting drama, was played by
(E. c. s.) Macready at Covent Garden, 1837. The enig- BUCHANAN, Robert, dramatist and more matical “Sordello," 1810, made it plain that
elist, b. Glasgow, 1841. Educated at the Unihe was no candidate for immediate popularity, but took his appeal to the intellectual few.
versity of Glasgow, where he met the poet Dard
Gray, with whom he afterwards occupied lodg From 1841 to 1846, however, many of his most beautiful and dramatic lyrics and idyls came
ings in London. He is a versatile and polemie
man of letters, has won distinction in various out in the eight parts of “ Bells and Pome
departments of literature, and is an active granates;” which embraced, also, the great
writer of plays for the stage. Has been a series of earlier dramas : " Pippa Passes," 1810 ;
regular contributor to the Contemporary “King Victor and King Charles," 1842; "" The Review" for a number of years. Author of Return of the Druses," 1843; “ A Blot in the 'Scutcheon,” 1813 ; Colombe's Birthday,'
Undertones," 1860 ; ** Idyls and Legends of
Inverburn," 1865; “ London Poems," 18to; 1814; “Luria," 1846; and “ A Soul's Tragedy,"
** The Book of Orm," 1870 ; “Ballads of Life. 1816. These intensely wrought and penetrating
Love, and Humor," 1882. He has also written studies of human life, thought, and circum
several novels. Among his successful plays are stance, fervid with color, and saturated with "A Nine Days' Queen,' “Lady Clare, learning, came from the brain of one who could
“Storm-Beaten,'' and "Sophia." A beautiful be as melodious or as rugged as he chose, and
edition of his collected poems, in three volumes, at will impassioned or analytic. They impressed came out in 1874. Cp."* Victorian Poets, "ch. I. careful readers with his greatness; but he failed to reach the common people, or gain the fame
BULWER, Sir Edward Lytton. See Edthen won by Tennyson, until the afternoon of ward, Lord Lytton. his vigorous life. Meantime he wrote cease
BURBIDGE, Thomas, b. 1816. Author of lessly ; his marriage with Miss Barrett, of it
“Poems, Longer and Shorter," 1838 ; " Hours self, with their life in Rome, invested him with interest, and finally such works as Men and
and Days,” 1851. Published, in connection with Women," 1855, "Dramatis Personæ," 1861,
A. H. Clough, " Ambarvalia, and other Poems,"
1849, "The Ring and the Book," 1868-69, were as eagerly welcomed by the English-reading world
BYRON, Mary C. G. (Mary C. Gilling. as by those who so long had recognized his
ton), b. Cheshire, 1861. Became associate of gifts. After his marriage (related in the pre
the Royal Academy of Music, 1887. Married ceding notice), the thoroughly ideal life of the George F. Byron in 1892. Joint author, with wedded poets” was something that has become her sister, of" Poems," 1892, and is a contribhistoric, no other union of two poets so indi- utor of both verse and prose to English and vidually great having ever occurred. When
American journals. Mrs. Browning died, Browning left Florence, CALL, Wathen Marks Wilks, reformer, and resided chiefly in London for many years. b. 1817; d. 1890. Was graduated at Cambridge; Among his volumes hitherto unmentioned are took Holy Orders, but withdrew from the church “ Balaustion's Adventure," 1871; “ Fifine at in 1856. Contributed to the “ Leader,'' and the the Fair," 1872; ". Red Cotton Night-Cap Coun- “Westminster," "Theological," and " Fort
· Aristophanes' Apology,'' 1875 ; nightly." Reviews. Interested in social and “ The Inn Album,” 1875 ; “La Saisiaz,” 1878; political reform. Published, in verse, Rever “ Dramatic Idyls," 1879, 1880; “ Jocoseria," berations," 1842, and “Golden Histories,” in
· Ferishtah's Fancies," 1884 ; “ Parley- addition to an early volume which contained ings," etc., 1887; and the small collection of
some fine translations. his last lyrics, Asolando," 1889. Browning, after all this prodigal work, and a hale and
CALVERLEY, Charles Stuart, educator optimistic old age, died serenely, and was buried
and lecturer, b. Martley, Worcestershire, 1031; in Westminster Abbey. For years before his
d. 1884. Educated at Balliol College, Oxford, death his name had been as splendid as it was
and Christ's College, Cambridge. Translated formerly obscure. The original Browning Club
successfully from the Latin, and wrote clerer
Published was founded in 1881, for the study and exposi- parodies and humorous verse. tion of his works. His extreme votaries rank
Verses and Translations," 1862; a “Verse him with Shakespeare, praise him for his more
Translation of Theocritus," 1869; "Fly
Leaves," 1872. Resided in Cambridge, teachinvolved and prosaic labors, and look askance at other modern poets, Tennyson not ex
ing and lecturing at college. Studied law, and
became a member of the Inner Temple, 1865. cepted. But these are they who care less for absolute poetry than for metaphysics. Of late CAMERON, George Frederick, journalist, a finer discrimination is exercised, and the poet's b. New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, 1854; d. 1007.