Puslapio vaizdai

BRU. Only be patient, till we have appeas'd
The multitude, beside themselves with fear,
And then we will deliver you the cause,

Why I, that did love Cæsar when I struck him,
Have thus proceeded.

ANT. I doubt not of your wisdom. Let each man render me his bloody hand: First, Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you ;Next, Caius Cassius, do I take your hand ;Now, Decius Brutus, yours;-now yours, Metel

lus ;

Yours, Cinna;-and, my valiant Casca, yours ;Though last, not least in love, yours, good Trebonius.

Gentlemen all,-alas! what shall I say?

My credit now stands on such slippery ground,
That one of two bad ways you must conceit me,
Either a coward or a flatterer.-

That I did love thee, Cæsar, O, tis true:
If then thy spirit look upon us now,

Shall it not grieve thee, dearer than thy death,
To see thy Antony making his peace,
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Most noble! in the presence of thy corse?
Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,
Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,
It would become me better, than to close
In terms of friendship with thine enemies.

observes, Shakspeare has maintained the consistency of Cassius's character, who, being selfish and greedy himself, endeavours to influence Antony by similar motives. Brutus, on the other hand, is invariably represented as disinterested and generous, and is adorned by the poet with so many good qualities that we are almost tempted to forget that he was an assassin. BOSWELL.

› Though last, not least in love,] So, in King Lear:


Although the last, not least in our dear love."

The same expression occurs more than once in plays exhibited before the time of Shakspeare. MALONE.

Pardon me, Julius !-Here wast thou bay'd, brave


Here didst thou fall; and here thy hunters stand, Sign'd in thy spoil, and crimson'd in thy lethe . O world! thou wast the forest to this hart;

And this, indeed, O world, the heart of thee.How like a deer, stricken by many princes,

Dost thou here lie?

CAS. Mark Antony,-

Pardon me, Caius Cassius: The enemies of Cæsar shall say this; Then, in a friend, it is cold modesty.

CAS. I blame you not for praising Cæsar so; But what compáct mean you to have with us? Will you be prick'd in number of our friends; Or shall we on, and not depend on you?

ANT. Therefore I took your hands; but was, indeed, Sway'd from the point, by looking down on Cæsar. Friends am I with you all, and love you all : Upon this hope, that you shall give me reasons, Why, and wherein, Cæsar was dangerous.

BRU. Or else were this a savage spectacle:

Our reasons are so full of good regard,
That were you, Antony, the son of Cæsar,
You should be satisfied.

*First folio, hart.

8 crimson'd in thy LETHE.] Lethe is used by many of the old translators of novels, for death; and in Heywood's Iron Age, Part II. 1632:

"The proudest nation that great Asia nurs'd,
"Is now extinct in lethe,"

Again, in Cupid's Whirligig, 1616:

"For vengeance' wings bring on thy lethal day." Dr. Farmer observes, that we meet with lethal for deadly in the information for Mungo Campbell. STEEVENS.

9 FRIENDS am I with you all, &c.] This grammatical impropriety is still so prevalent, as that the omission of the anomalous S, would give some uncouthness to the sound of an otherwise familiar expression. HENLEY.


That's all I seek:

And am moreover suitor, that I may
Produce his body to the market-place;
And in the pulpit, as becomes a friend,
Speak in the order of his funeral.

BRU. You shall, Mark Antony.

Brutus, a word with you'.

You know not what you do; Do not consent,

That Antony speak in his funeral:


Know you how much the people may be mov'd
By that which he will utter?


By your pardon ;—

I will myself into the pulpit first,
And show the reason of our Cæsar's death:
What Antony shall speak, I will protest
He speaks by leave and by permission;
And that we are contented, Cæsar shall
Have all true rites, and lawful ceremonies.
It shall advantage more, than do us wrong.

CAS. I know not what may fall; I like it not. BRU. Mark Antony, here, take you Cæsar's body.

You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,
But speak all good you can devise of Cæsar;
And say, you do't by our permission ;
Else shall you not have any hand at all
About his funeral: And you shall speak
In the same pulpit whereto I am going,
After my speech is ended.


I do desire no more.

Be it so ;

'Brutus, a word WITH YOU.]

With you is an apparent interpolation of the players. In Act IV. Sc. II. they have retained the elliptical phrase which they have here destroyed at the expence of

metre :

"He is not doubted.-A word, Lucilius-." STEEVENS.

BRI Prepare the body then, and follow us. [Exeunt all but ANTONY.

ANT. O, pardon me, thou piece of bleeding


That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! Thou art the ruins of the noblest man,

That ever lived in the tide of times 2.

Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!
Over thy wounds now do I prophecy,-
Which, like dumb mouths, do ope their ruby lips,
To beg the voice and utterance of my tongue;—
A curse shall light upon the limbs of men *;


2- in the TIDE of times.] That is, in the course of times. JOHNSON.

3 Over thy wounds now do I prophecy,Which, like dumb mouths, &c.] So, in A Warning for Faire Women, a tragedy, 1599:


I gave him fifteen wounds,

"Which now be fifteen mouths that do accuse me :
"In every wound there is a bloody tongue,

"Which will all speak although he hold his peace."


4 A curse shall light upon the LIMBS of men ;] We should read:


i. e. human race.

line of men;"


[blocks in formation]

these lymms of men;"

That is, these bloodhounds of men. word lymm easily made the change.

The uncommonness of the JOHNSON.

Antony means that a future curse shall commence in distempers seizing on the limbs of men, and be succeeded by commotion, cruelty, and desolation over Italy. So, in Phaer's version of the third Eneid:

"The skies corrupted were, that trees and corne destroyed to nought,

"And limmes of men consuming rottes," &c.

Sign. E. 1. edit. 1596. STEEvens. By men the speaker means not mankind in general, but those Romans whose attachment to the cause of the conspirators, or wish

Domestick fury, and fierce civil strife,
Shall cumber all the parts of Italy:

Blood and destruction shall be so in use,
And dreadful objects so familiar,

That mothers shall but smile, when they behold
Their infants quarter'd with the hands of war ;
All pity chok'd with custom of fell deeds:
And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge,
With Até by his side, come hot from hell,
Shall in these confines, with a monarch's voice,
Cry Havock, and let slip the dogs of war,

to revenge Cæsar's death, would expose them to wounds in the civil wars which Antony supposes that event would give rise to.The generality of the curse here predicted, is limited by the subsequent words," the parts of Italy," and "in these confines."

5 And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge, &c.]


umbraque erraret Crassus inulta." Lucan, l. i. Fatalem populis ultro poscentibus horam

Admovet atra dies; Stygiisque emissa tenebris
Mors fruiter cœlo, bellatoremque volando
Campum operit, nigroque viros invitat hiatu.

Stat. Theb. viii.

Furiæ rapuerunt licia Parcis. Ibid. STEEVENS. 6 Cry, HAVOCK,] Alearned correspondent [Sir William Blackstone] has informed me, that, in the military operations of old times, havock was the word by which declaration was made, that no quarter should be given. In a tract intitled, The Office of the Constable and Mareschall in the Tyme of Werre, contained in the Black Book of the Admiralty, there is the following chapter:

"The peyne of hym that crieth havock and of them that followeth hym, etit. v."

" Item Si quis inventus fuerit qui clamorem inceperit qui vocatur Havok."

"Also that no man be so hardy to crye Havok upon peyne that he that is begynner shall be deede therefore: & the remanent that doo the same or folow, shall lose their horse & harneis: and the persones of such as foloweth and escrien shall be under arrest of the Conestable and Mareschall warde unto tyme that they have made fyn; and founde suretie no morr to offende; and his body in prison at the Kyng will-." JOHNSON.

See Coriolanus, Act III. Sc. I. MALONE.

7-let SLIP] This is a term belonging to the chase. Man

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