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NUMEROUS IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS
CONNECTED WITH THE
POLITICAL HISTORY OF AMERICA,
COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL RECORDS, WITH BIOGRAPHICAL
ASHER & ADAMS, Publishers.
ASTOR, LENOX AND
Entered according to Act of Congress in the yo 1864, by
ASHER & ADAMS,
In the Clerk's office of the District Court for the District of
FORMATION OF THE ORIGINAL UNION.
On Monday, the 5th of September, 1774, there were assem bled at Carpenter's Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, a number of men who had been chosen and appointed by the several colonies in North America to hold a Congress for the purpose of discussing certain grievances imputed against the mothercountry. This Congress resolved on the next day that each colony should have one vote only. On Tuesday, the 2d July, 1776, the Congress resolved, "That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, Free and Independent States," etc., etc.; and on Thursday, the 4th July, the whole Declaration of Independence having been agreed upon, it was publicly read to the people. Shortly after, on the 9th September, it was resolved that the words "United Colonies" should be no longer used, and that the "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA should thenceforward be the style and title of the Union. On Saturday, the 15th November, 1777, "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union of the United States of America" were agreed to by the state delegates, subject to the ratification of the state legisla-· tures severally. Eight of the states ratified these articles on the 9th July, 1778; one on the 21st July; one on the 24th July; one on the 26th November of the same year; one on the 22d February, 1779; and the last one on the 1st March, 1781. Here was a bond of union between thirteen independent states, whose delegates in Congress legislated for the general welfare, and executed certain powers, so far as they were permitted by the articles aforesaid. The following are the names of the Presidents of the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1788: Peyton Randolph, Virginia.......... Henry Middleton, South Carolina......
John Hancock, Massachusetts.............................. 24th May, 1776
5th Sept., 1774.
Peyton Randolph, Virginia........
22d Oct., 1774 10th May, 1775
1st Nov., 1777
10th Dec., 1778
28th Sep., 1779
John Jay, New York.........