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welcome in the carpeted court of honor brother. “Our Davy" is never too tired at the Gare Invalides. Mr. Wilson or too teased to please the crowd. He alone knows whether by that time he had proved himself by far the best politician learned to discriminate between real and and tactician at the conference.

artificial enthusiasm. As he helped Wilson's mind was fenced about by Mrs. Wilson out of their Pullman and fixed notions, postulates, principles. shook hands with Poincaré, Clemenceau, Clemenceau's clarity of vision was at Lloyd George, and Foch, I caught a times obscured by cynical selfishness. twinkle in the Presidential eye and a His ideas, always practical and pointed satisfied set of the Presidential jaws. to protect France, came like stout logs The combination led me to believe he carried down-stream under the fierce was taking the correct measure of his force of a torrential rain-storm. He surroundings. He barely acknowledged would cough and spit blood and relapse the salute of Foch's pet troops, but he into sudden silence. Lloyd George, was quick to note and to lift his hat to a with no principles to bother him, think- poor old basket-woman, who fought her ing and talking one day one way, and way through the soldiers and, with arms the next waxing even more eloquent and basket waving in the air and big in an opposite direction, leaped the hur- tear-drops streaming from her red eyedles of Wilson's conscientious scruples lids, called upon God to bless “the great and dodged the logs of “the Tiger's" American." The welcome of the Paris logic not at all through force of sheer poor was honest, hearty, intensely real; ability,—he was the least able of the the greeting of the great folk was mostly three,-but simply because of his native hollow pretense, crafty stage play, a and acquired nimbleness, his ability, deliberate, carefully calculated appeal and his willingness to take orders from to the Presidential ego. the British brains that employed him as It was within his first hour's residence a speaking-trumpet.

at “the House of the Flirt" that WoodLike Mr. Wilson, Lloyd George row Wilson decided to play the part of worked under a severe strain, and one Atlas and put his shoulders under all eye was always trained upon the French the world and its troubles. With hands villa of Lord Northcliffe. The famous clasped and clenched behind his back, Irish newspaper king is England's jaws set and chin thrust forward, he political Warwick of to-day, and well did paced up and down in front of Mamie's David know that the ax employed to ornamental fireplace, formulating, revisdecapitate the Asquith ministry was ing, and discarding plans, and telling bright and sharp, and ready to tumble himself what he thought of the men he a new head into the yawning basket of had left in charge of his peacemaking the head-hunter of Carmelite House and work in Paris. Printing House Square.

Just a month before, to the day and An American of high standing ven- almost to the hour, he had started home tured the opinion that “Lloyd George is from Paris with the skeleton for his pet not a great man."

child, little League of Nations. His "Is that so?'' retorted one who knows critics in the American Senate, and the British leader well and loves him not American statesmen of note out of office, at all. “Well, you just try to take his but much in the public eye, had rattled job away from him. Then you will the bones of this fragile skeleton and see how great he is.”

broken some of them. He came back

to Paris, forced unwillingly to attach a BATHED in the bright Paris sunshine, Monroe Doctrine bone, a withdrawal with the cheers of the Paris poor ringing bone, and to add and subtract other in their ears, the President and Mrs. bones of contention. He had committed Wilson entered “the House of the Flirt" himself to the British to leave the bullfor the first time on March 14, 1919, dog his bone of naval supremacy, to just in time for a late lunch. President abjure "freedom of the seas," and to Poincaré and all the foreign notables deny the Japanese their bone of racial had united in giving them a brilliant equality, because Mr. Hughes of Aus


tralia threatened secession rather than the Conference of Paris in fancy, but bite at or swallow that bone. Wilson not in fact. landed once more in France confident in Mr. Wilson trumped Balfour's trick his ability to surmount these difficul- by a public announcement, pointing out ties, and his surprise and anger may be the fact that on January 25, at the second imagined when he found that his own plenary session, the conference had al"rubber stamps" had removed these ready made the League of Nations an obstacles by joining with Mr. Balfour integral part of the peace treaty. That in pitching his pet skeleton out of the act could not be set aside by the Council treaty and out of the conference.

of Ten, or by any other organ of the In "the House of the Flirt” they told conference, without first securing the him what Mr. Balfour had done to him assent of a plenary session. Mr. Wilson a brief few days before his return to the well knew that his friends, the small Seine. In the Council of Ten Mr. Bal- nations, would back him as a solid unit four had moved a resolution divorcing an issue of that sort. And the the league from the treaty. Worse still, thimbleriggers of the Quai d'Orsay and Mr. Lansing had delivered a speech Whitehall laughed up their sleeves, beParis publicly sustaining the plea for cause at last they had Mr. Wilson just "immediate peace”; that is, peace with- where they wanted him. out the league.

Mr. Wilson committed hara-kiri when In “the House of the Flirt" it was he created the Council of Four and mentioned to the President how the transferred the actual peacemaking from British were getting tired of Colonel the Hall of the Clock to “the House of House's flirtations with the Sinn Fein the Flirt.” He did just what M. Clemfaction, just then planning a St. Patrick's enceau and Mr. Balfour wanted him to day demonstration right under the nose doClemenceau, the Bismarck of the of the conference. That was very bad. conference, and Arthur James Balfour, For cheer, the President turned to one its Beaconsfield. It was Mr. Lloyd of Lord Northcliffe's many newspapers, George, prompted by Balfour and Curand his keen eye caught a flaming edi- zon, who harped upon the advantage of torial, “Wilson or Lenine?That was "getting along” with a few men who the choice. The President took his could speak and understand English that, courage in his hands, called for his car, of course, relieved the President of an and rode down the Champs-Elysées to embarrassment. It was M. Clemenceau the Crillon.

who suggested that Lieutenant MonWe watched him ascend to Colonel toux, a limber linguist, could be called House's parlor. Nobody has ever told in when interpretation became necessary. what took place in that room. We saw Hankey is a remarkable shorthand Clemenceau and his secretary, Lieu- reporter. I find him invaluable,” said tenant Montoux, hurry in and upward a the Welsh premier. few minutes later; then Lloyd George Sir Maurice became the official reand Sir Maurice Hankey; and afterward corder of the “Big Four," and I can well Mr. Orlando, with his thick, upstanding, believe that Mr. Lloyd George found white thatch of hair. We saw Baron that dapper young man absolutely "inMakino and Viscount Chinda come and valuable.David had his witness. go.

We knew that something big was Clemenceau had his witness. Wilson happening, but nobody outside that had his brief victory over Balfour, his

, little room guessed just what was taking snub to Lansing, and no witness. place.

I noted at the time that the Marquis What happened was this: Mr. Wilson, Saionji, although the chief representaaccepting the “Daily Mail's” invitation, tive in Paris of one of the great Allies, assumed the role of Atlas. He took upon was not included in the new Supreme his shoulders the burdens of the world, Council. There were explanations that and bowled Balfour and Lansing out of did not explain. The Japanese accepted the conference. That was the first meet- these in good part. After the sessions ing of the Council of Four, with Wood- got into full swing at “the House of the row Wilson as the "Big One," "boss," of Flirt," stories, since confirmed, came to

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me, and I began to take my hat off to salient defects of Monroe and those of that “most superior person, George Wilson. Adams, and not Monroe, wrote Nathaniel, Earl Curzon.

the Monroe Doctrine. Monroe was eager Lord Curzon gave the Paris proceed- enough to take the credit for our most ings a wide berth. He was even less daring adventure in foreign affairs, in evidence than Winston Churchill or after the successful event. The story of Alfred, Lord Milner, the cold-blooded American advocacy of a League of Naprotégé of Joseph Chamberlain, of whom tions suggests a deadly parallel. A cenLabouchère was wont to say, "he has no tury ago, the vengeful spirit of Allied feelings and no failings." Milner is a absolutism menaced popular governsort of iceberg carved into the semblance ments, just as Bolshevism menaced all of a human being. Balfour is a bland orderly government during the proboa-constrictor, with a deadly, danger- ceedings of the Council of Four. Monous hug. Curzon is a roaring furnace, roe's hesitancy, his timorous temperasputtering forth sparks against his pet ment, the unwillingness with which he aversions—the Japanese and the plain was drawn along by the logic of events people.

and the bolder and more experienced One afternoon at “the House of the hand of his secretary of state, John Flirt” Mr. Wilson, I am told, broached Quincy Adams, lend piquancy to the Pacific problems to Lloyd George. fact that the attempted assassination of George was very receptive. Quite as if his doctrine was reserved for the hand on the spur of the moment, he suggested of one whom the late Mr. Roosevelt asthe concentration of American and sailed for identically similar weaknesses British war-ships in the Pacific.

of character. “We can avoid trouble there by fore- Mr. Wilson propounded the Panthought," said Lloyd George.

American Doctrine. The event was I am not in a position to state what carefully noted in the London foreign connection there is or is not between office, which does not forget earlier this conversation at "the House of the American unwillingness to participate in Flirt" and the decree of Daniels sending the Congress of Panama, or to associate the American fleet through the canal Latin-American or European support into Pacific waters. Still, I was told in' with the maintenance of the Monroe Paris that Lord Curzon and Admiral Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine was Jellicoe, with the indorsement of Win- always supposed to be strictly United ston Churchill, put this idea into the States policy until Mr. Wilson proposed head of Lloyd George. Whether or not his Pan-American Doctrine, and later the decision was made a matter of record sat in secret conclave with European by Sir Maurice Hankey, it is, of course, old masters at “the House of the Flirt." impossible to say. Lloyd George had The United States Senate, backed by his witness. Mr. Wilson was his own overwhelming American opinion, forced witness.

Mr. Wilson to put a specific Monroe It was in “the House of the Flirt" that Doctrine bone in his League of Nations the Monroe Doctrine was made to walk skeleton. The proposition, from any the plank by Woodrow Wilson. The angle, was absurd. To mention the doccircumstances belong to history.

trine at all in the body of the covenant The President has been compared to was to do the very thing that a long many historical personages: to Alexander succession of American administrations I of Russia, a smug lunatic, author of the had flatly refused to do. Sage senators, Holy Alliance and the chief contributing no wiser than Mr. Wilson, missed the cause of the promulgation of Monroe's point of the jest. The careful British. Doctrine; and to James I, a learned, but who are supposed to lack a sense of bad-tempered, bigot. Curiously enough humor, caught the funny bone by the the gentlemen (and ladies) who spend knuckle and turned it into the very best so much time in digging up from the joke of the conference. biographies caricature counterparts of Mr. Wilson breathed his Monroe DoeMr. Wilson have so far failed to note trine difficulty into the wide-open ear of the striking resemblances between the Lord Robert Cecil. Lord Robert, long

and loose-jointed, posed his patrician sued privately by the British delegation personality in an attitude of deep sym- to the British press, volunteered the folpathy. It was necessary to head off lowing interpretation: opposition within the League of Nations commission, where Léon Bourgeois, Article XXI makes it clear that the Baron Makino, and other delegates were Covenant is not intended to abrogate or pushing amendments contrary to the weaken any other agreements, so long as they Wilson-Cecil concordat.

are consistent with its own terms, into which “Leave that to me, Mr. President," the Members of the League may have said Lord Robert. The President, very entered, or may enter hereafter, for the gladly, did that little thing. Lord further assurance of peace. Such agreeRobert engineered through the com- ments include special treaties for compulsory mission a very select drafting committee arbitration, and military conventions that to mull over contentious motions, in- are purely defensive. In so far as the Monroe cluding Mr. Wilson's own Monroe Doc- Doctrine tends to the same end, whatever trine clause. Later, this committee validity it possesses cannot be affected by the presented to the full commission of Covenant. nineteen a small scrap of paper con- The Monroe Doctrine was proclaimed in taining the following words:

1813' in order to prevent the extension of Nothing in this Covenant shall be deemed

European absolutist principles to South to affect the validity of international en

America, but while it forbids interference by

individual European States in American gagements such as treaties of arbitration or

affairs, it can never be invoked to limit the acregional understandings like the Monroe Doctrine for securing the maintenance of

tion of the League of Nations, which is in its

nature world-wide, and therefore no more peace.

European than American. The principles M. Bourgeois asked for the paper. It of the League, as expressed in Article X, are was handed to him. The whiskered in fact the extension to the whole world of savant of France poised his pince-nez on the principles of President Monroe; while, the tip of his broad nose. He rumpled should any dispute as to the meaning of the his hair. He scratched his left cheek. latter ever arise between American and He pulled at his beard. He read aloud European Powers, the League is there to the thirty-two words twice over.

settle it. “But what does it mean?” he asked smiling Mr. Wilson.

Who wrote the Monroe Doctrine Lord Robert yawned, stretched his clause inserted in the League covenant? six-feet-six, and observed, with the Lord Curzon. He drew the clause, nearest thing to a grin:

Lord Robert Cecil trimmed it, Mr. Bal“Oddly enough, it means just what it four inserted an important word.

Mr. Wilson “OK'd” it in “the House A few days later a communiqué, is- of the Flirt." I The Monroe Doctrine was proclaimed in the President's Message to Congress, December 2, 1823.


A Shower


That sputter of rain, flipping the hedge-rows
And making the highways hiss,
How I love it!
And the touch of you upon my arm
As you press against me that my umbrella
May cover you.

Tinkle of drops on stretched silk.
Wet murmur through green branches


by Charles Hanson Towne
Decoration by Jolm R Neill

When we went to the circus

We had seats by the door,
Where the clowns made their entrance,

And a coach and four.

A shabby old carriage,

Trying to be grand, Painted up with gold figures,

Painted to beat the band.

In it sat a "princess,"

In cheap, tawdry lace,
A gorgeous wig upon her head,

And powder on her face.

I could see the clowns waiting

For their cues to come in. How solemn were their faces

In that strange, hellish din!

Great elephants stood near them,

Trained seals, and giraffes. Together they were waiting

For five thousand laughs.

Together they were waiting

For the signal to begin. One face haunts me yet,

A boyish harlequin,

With a grave, sad expression

Even beneath that paint; The deep eyes of a poet,

The thin cheeks of a saint.

Suddenly the band played,

And every one was off;
But somehow, through the rush and roar

I heard a little cough,

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And I saw a tiny smile come

Around his lips and eyes. But to me there was a tragedy

Beneath that pale disguise.

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