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“pulled out” for Anadarko on the Washita, These Territory Apaches are very different where the head agency of the Comanches, from their brothers of the mountains. They Kiowas, and Wichitas is located. The little are good-looking, but are regarded contemptuponies made bad work of the sandy roads. ously by other Indians and also by the traders. Kiowa houses became more numerous along They are treacherous, violent, and most cunthe road, and there is evidence that they farm ning liars and thieves. I spent an evening in more than the brother tribe, but they are not one of their tepees watching a game of monte, so attractive a people. Of course the tepee is and the gambling passion was developed almost pitched in the front yard and the house is used to insanity. They sat and glared at the cards, as a kind of out-building. The medicine-bags their dark faces gleaming with avarice, cunwere hanging from the tripod of poles near by, ning, and excitement. I thought then that the and an occasional buck was lying on his back good white men who would undertake to make “smoking his medicine”-a very comfortable Christian gentlemen and honest tillers of the form of devotion.

soil out of this material would contract for a We saw the grass houses of the Wichitas, job to subvert the process of nature. which might be taken for ordinary haystacks. Our little ponies, recuperated by some grain As they stand out on the prairie surrounded and rest, were once more hooked up, and the by wagons, agricultural implements, and cattle, cowboy and I started for Fort Reno to see one is caught wondering where is the remainder the Arrapahoes and the Cheyennes, hoping to of the farm which goes with this farm-yard. meet them far along on “the white man's road.”!

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If weleen you sail on Casco Bay

Oh, wild and glad and circling far, When fields are green and skies are sweet, The ripples sparkle from your prow And watch the foam-capped waves at play As silvery laughter from a star

Where land and sea touch hands and greet, When Venus decks the evening's brow; As friend with friend, in rude delight,

And where the islands stand apart Your soul, like birds at break of day,

The ocean waves roll in to pay Will rise for many a joyous flight

Some tribute from the sea's great heart Midst summer isles of Casco Bay:

To gentle, queenly Casco Bay: Of Casco Bay ! Sweet Casco Bay!

To Casco Bay! Dear Casco Bay! Where life is joy and love at play

Your soul imbibes the salt-sea spray Midst summer isles of Casco Bay.

And sings with lovely Casco Bay.
Down smiling channels shadows run

And shimmer on the green-blue tides;
And, booming like a far-off gun,

Where Harpswell sea from sea divides,
You hear the breakers' sullen roar

And watch the waves ascend in spray
While all around, behind, before,
The white sails swell on Casco Bay:

On Casco Bay! Fair Casco Bay!
The white sails fill and bear away
The happy ships on Casco Bay.

Benjamin S. Parker. 1 See “Open Letter” by Hamilton W. Mabie in this number of The Century MAGAZINE. — EDITOR.

Vol. XXXVIII.-53.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN: A HISTORY.'
LINCOLN RENOMINATED—THE WADE-DAVIS MANIFESTO-

HORACE GREELEY'S PEACE MISSION.

BY JOHN G. NICOLAY AND JOHN HAY, PRIVATE SECRETARIES TO THE PRESIDENT.

LINCOLN RENOMINATED.

I was of anything in my life. Providence has de

creed your reëlection, and no combination of the N other chapters we have wicked can prevent it.2 mentioned the unavailing This remarkable address began by congratuefforts made by a few poli- lating the President upon the successes of the ticians to defeat the will recent election, which were generously ascribed of the people which every- to the policy of his Administration. Referring where demanded the re- to the Republican victory in their own State, nomination of Mr. Lin- the members of the legislature said:

coln. These efforts were worth studying as manifestations of eccentric If the voice of Pennsylvania became thus potenhuman nature, but they never had the least ef- tial in indorsing the policy of your Administration, fect upon the great currents of public opinion. we consider that, as the representatives of those who Death alone could have prevented the choice have so completely indorsed your official course, of Mr. Lincoln by the Union convention. So thus publicly announce our unshaken preference

we are only responding to their demands when we absolute and universal was this tendency that for your reëlection to the Presidency in 1804. most of the politicians made no effort to direct or guide it; they simply exerted themselves to · This preference is justified by them purely keep in the van and not be overwhelmed. The on public grounds. convention was to meet on the 7th of June, but the irregular nominations of the President

To make a change in the Administration until its began at the feast of the Epiphany. The first authority has been fully reëstablished in the revolted convention of the year was held in New ment abroad a pretext for asserting that the Gov

States would be to give the enemies of the GovernHampshire on the 6th of January—for the ernment had failed at home. To change the policy nomination of State officers. It had properly in operation to crush rebellion and restore the land no concern with the National nominations. to peace would be to afford the traitors in arms The convention consisted in great part of the time to gather new strength—if not for immediate friends of Mr. Chase, and those employees of victory, at least for ultimate success in their efforts the Treasury Department whose homes were permanently to dissolve the Union. ... We in New Hampshire had come together de- elicit from you any expression of opinion on this

do not make this communication at this time to termined to smother any mistimed demonstra- subject. Having confidence in your patriotism, we tion for the President; but the first mention believe that you will abide the decision of the of his name set the assembly on fire, and be friends of the Union, and yield consent to any honfore the chairman knew what he was doing the orable use which they may deem proper to make convention had declared in favor of the re- of your name in order to secure the greatest good nomination of Lincoln. The same day a far to the country and the speediest success to our more important demonstration came to the arms. : : : Expressing what we feel to be the surface in Pennsylvania. The State legislature of the people of all the loyal States, we claim to in

language not only of our own constituents, but also met on the 5th of January, and the following dulge the expectation that you will yield to the prefday a paper, prepared in advance, addressed to erence which has already made you the people's the President, requesting him to accept a sec- candidate for the Presidency in 1864. ond term of the Presidency, began to be circulated among the l'nion members. Not one In every gathering of the supporters of the to whom it was presented declined to sign it. l'nion the same irrepressible sentiment broke Within a day or two it received the signature forth. The New York Times” on the 15th of every l'nion member of the Senate and of January clearly expressed the general feelthe House of Pennsylvania, and Mr. Simon ing: Cameron, transmitting it to the President on the

The same wise policy which would forbid a man 14th of January, could say:

of business in troublous times to change his agent You are now fairly launched on your second of proved efficiency, impels the loyal people of our voyage, and of its success I am as confident as ever 2 Cameron to Lincoln, Jan. 14, 1864. MS.

1 Copyright by J. G. Nicolay and John Hay, 1886. All rights reserved.

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country to continue President Lincoln in his re- Nowhere except in the State of Missouri sponsible position; and against the confirmed will of was the name of Mr. Lincoln mentioned withthe people politicians are powerless.

out overwhelming adhesion, and even in the The sentiment was so potent in its pressure Missouri Assembly the resolution in favor of upon the politicians that they everywhere gave his renomination was laid upon the table by a way and broke into premature indorsement of majority of only eight. There had been some the nomination. The Union Central Committee anxiety on the part of Mr. Lincoln's friends of New York held a special meeting and unani- lest the powerful secret organization called the mously recommended the renomination of the Union League, which represented the most President. Senator Morgan, sending this news ardent and vehement Republican sentiment of to Mr. Lincoln, added :

the country, should fall into the hands of his It is going to be difficult to restrain the boys, and opponents; but it was speedily seen that out of there is not much use in trying to do so.1

Missouri these apprehensions were groundless.

The Union Leagues of New York, Illinois, and At a local election some of the ward tickets even Vicksburg, where the victory of Grant were headed, with an irrelevancy which showed had allowed the development of a robust Union the spirit

of the hour, " For President of the sentiment, were among the first to declare for United States in 1864, Abraham Lincoln.” the President. The organization in PhiladelFrom one end to the other of the country these phia, powerful in wealth, intelligence, and perspontaneous nominations joyously echoed one sonal influence, so early as the uth of January another. Towards the close of January the radi- had resolved that to the “prudence, sagacity, cal legislature of Kansas, with but one dissent- comprehension, and perseverance of Mr. ing voice, passed through both its Houses a Lincoln, under the guidance of a benign Proviresolution renominating Lincoln. All through dence, the nation is more indebted for the grand the next month these demonstrations continued. results of the war, which Southern rebels have The Union members of the New Jersey legis- wickedly waged against liberty and the Union, lature united in an address to the President, than to any other single instrumentality, and saying:

that he is justly entitled to whatever reward it Without any disparagement of the true men who is in the power of the nation to bestow.” They surround you, and whose counsels you have shared,

declared also : believing ihat you are the choice of the people, whose

That as Mr. Lincoln has had to endure the largest servants we are, and firmly satisfied that they desire share of the labor required to suppress the rebellion, and intend to give you four years for a policy of peace, now rapidly verging to its close, he should also enwe present your name as the candidate for President joy the largest share of the honors which await those of the American people in 1864.2

who have contended for the right. They therefore Connecticut instructed her delegates by reso- recognize with pleasure the unmistakable indicalutions on the 17th of February, Maryland, heartily join with their fellow-citizens, without any

tions of the popular will in all the loyal States, and Minnesota, and Colorado expressed in the same distinction of party, here and elsewhere, in presentway the sentiment of their people. Wisconsin ing him as the people's candidate for the Presidency. and Indiana made haste to range themselves with the other Northern States; and Ohio seized The current swept on irresistibly throughout the opportunity to put a stop to the restless the months of spring. A few opponents of Mr. ambition of her favorite son by a resolution of Lincoln, seeing that he was already nominated the Republican members of the legislature de- the moment the convention should meet, made claring that “ the people of Ohio, and her sol- one last effort to postpone the meeting of the diers in the army, demand the renomination of convention until September, knowing that Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency” — the their only reliance was in some possible accimembers rising to their feet and cheering with dent of the summer. So earnest and imporuncontrollable clamor when the resolution tant a Republican as William Cullen Bryant passed. The State of Maine, on the extreme united with a self-constituted committee of eastern border, spoke next : early in March, others equally earnest, but not so important, the President received this dispatch, signed by to induce the National Committee to postpone a name afterwards illustrious in our political the convention. In their opinion“ the country annals :

was not now in a position to enter into a

Presidential contest; it was clear to them that Both branches of the Maine legislature have this day adopted resolutions cordially recommending no nomination could be made with any unayour renomination. Every Union member voted nimity so early as June. They thought it best in favor of them. Maine is a unit for you.

to see what the result of the summer campaign JAMES G. Blaine. would be, as the wish of the people to continue 1 Jan. 4, 1864. MS.

their present leaders in power would depend 2 Feb. 18, 1864.

very much upon this." The committee, of

course, took no notice of this appeal, though Allow me to suggest that if you wish to remain it was favored by so strong a Republican au- in the military service, it is very dangerous for you thority as the “ New York Tribune." 1 The to ge: temporarily out of it; because, with a major National Committee wisely thought that they general once out, it is next to impossible for even might with as much reason take into consid the President to get him in again. With my aperation the request of a committee of promi- course I wouis be very glad to have your service

preciation of your ability and correct principie, of nent citizens to check an impending thunder- for the country in the approaching political canvass ; storm. All the movements in opposition to but I fear we cannot properly have it without Mr. Lincoln were marked with the same naiveté separating you from the military.3 and futility. The secret circular of Senator Pomeroy, the farcical Cleveland convention,

And in a subsequent letter addressed to the the attempt of Mr. Bryant's committee to post

same general he said : 4 pone the convention, were all equally feeble I perceive no objection to your making a political and nugatory in their effect.

speech when you are where one is to be made; but Mr. Lincoln took no measures whatever to quite surely speaking in the North and fighting in promote his candidacy. It is true he did not, could I be justified to detail any officer to the politi

the South at the same time are not possible ; nor like other candidates, assume airs of reluctance cal campaign during its continuance and then reor bashfulness. While he discouraged on the turn him to the army.5 part of strangers any suggestions as to his reelection, among his friends he made no secret

The experience of a hundred years of our of his readiness to continue the work he was politics has shown what perils environ a Presiengaged in, if such should seem to be the dential candidate who makes speeches. The general wish. In a private letter to Mr. E. B. temptation to flatter the immediate audience, Washburne he said : “ A second term would be without regard to the ultimate effect of the a great honor and a great labor, which together words spoken, has often proved too strong for perhaps I would not decline if tendered.” 2 To the wariest politician to resist. Especially is another congressman he is reported to have a candidate in danger when confronting an said: “I do not desire a renomination except for audience belonging to a special race or class

. the reason that such action on the part of the Mr. Lincoln made no mistake either in 1860 Republican party would be the most emphatic or in 1864. Even when exposed to the strongest indorsement which could be given to the policy possible temptation, the reception of an address of my Administration.” We have already men from a deputation of a workingmen's associtioned the equanimity with which he treated ation, he preserved his mental balance undisthe efforts of a leading member of his Cabinet turbed. To such a committee, who approached to supplant him, and he received in the same him on the 21st of March, 1864, he replied by manner the frequent suggestions of apprehen- repeating to them the passage from his message sive friends that he would do well to beware of December, 1861, in which the relations of of Grant. His usual reply was, “ If he takes labor and capital are set down with matheRichmond, let him have it.” In reality General matical and logical precision, illuminated by Grant was never at any time a competitor for the light of a broad humanity; and he only the nomination. Of course, after the battle of added to the views thus expressed the followMissionary Ridge there was no lack of such ing words, than which nothing wiser or more suggestions on the part of those who surrounded

humane has ever been said by social econothe victorious general; but he positively re

mists : fused to put himself in the lists or to give any None are so deeply interested to resist the present sanction to the use of his name. The President rebellion as the working people. Let them beware constantly discouraged on the part of office of prejudices working division and hostility among holders of the Government, civil or military, themselves. The most notable feature of a disturbany especial eagerness in his behalf. General ance in your city last summer was the hanging of Schurz wrote, late in February, asking permis- should never be so. The strongest bond of human

some working people by other working people. It sion to take an active part in the Presidential sympathy, outside of the family relation, should be canvass, to which Mr. Lincoln replied: one uniting all working people, of all nations and 1 April 26, 1864.

We applied to General Logan's family for the evidence 2 Oct. 26, 1863. MS.

on which the assertion was founded, but received no 3 Lincoln to Schurz, March 13, 1864. MS.

answer. There is no question that General Logan's 4 Lincoln to Schurz, March 23, 1864. Autograph statement was made in good faith, and that he believed MS.

that in taking a leave and assisting in the political can. 5 General John A. Logan, in a letter aldressed to vass he was acting in accordance with the President's General W. T. Sherman and pu hed after General wishes. But Mr. Lincoln's action in other cases was Logan's death, said that when he left the arıny to make so consistently opposed to this hypothesis, that we speeches in Illinois he did this at the request of the can only conclude that General Logan got his impres. President. We have been unable to find any com. sion of what the President desired from some other munication in this sense among Mr. Lincoln'» papers. person than the President himself.

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