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principal products of Canada are of the class west on Queen Charlotte Sound, are open which the world needs -- food, clothing, and and safe to vessels of all classes every day in building materials. Her geographical position the year. If not a self-contained nation, Canis commanding, her eastern ports being nearer ada has too many and too great resources to Europe and her western ports nearer Asia than render it necessary for her to become a supany other accessible harbors on the seaboard pliant for commercial favors. Undoubtedly it is of America. Much has been said recently in her interest to obtain the most intimate trade of the dependence of the Dominion upon relations possible with her southern neighbor. the United States for a winter outlet; and if To the people of this continent the trade of the the views expressed by numerous newspaper continent is of greater importance than comwriters and others are indicative of the general merce with the other hemisphere, and hence opinion of the United States public, the com- whatever tends to promote this trade ought to monly received idea in that country is that be a matter of paramount consideration. The in the winter Canadian railways are long expensive and unnatural tariff wall between stretches of unbroken snow, extending from the United States and Canada ought to be revast drifts in the interior to ice-bound harbors moved; but Canadians are unwilling to admit on the coast. As a matter of fact the Canadian that the benefit of such a step would be all on railway system is probably not more inter- their side, and that if it is not taken the Dorupted by snow than are the railways in the minion will disintegrate and drop piecemeal Northern States, while the harbors on the east, into the arms of the Republic. at Halifax, St. John, and elsewhere, and on the

Charles H. Lugrin.


By the author of “The White Cowl,” “Two Gentlemen of Kentucky," etc.

PT had been a year M. Xaupi had given a great ball only the of strange disturb- night before in the dancing-rooms over the ances-a desolating confectionery of M. Giron — that M. Giron

a drought, a hurly- who made the tall pyramids of meringues and burly of destructive macaroons for wedding suppers, and spun tempests, killing around them a cloud of candied webbing as frosts in the tender white and misty as the veil of the bride. It valleys, mortal fevers was the opening cotillon party of the summer. in the tender homes. The men came in blue cloth coats with brass Now came tidings that buttons, buff waistcoats, and laced and ruffled all day the wail of shirts; the ladies came in white satins with myriads of locusts was ethereal silk overdresses, embroidered in the

heard in the green figure of a gold beetle or an oak leaf of green. woods of Virginia and Ten- The walls of the ball-room were painted to nessee; now that Lake Erie represent landscapes of blooming orange trees, was blocked with ice on the set here and there in clustering tubs; and the

very verge of summer, so chandeliers and sconces were lighted with inthat in the Niagara new rocks numerable wax candles, yellow and green and islands showed their start- and rose.

ling faces. In the blue-grass Only the day before, also, Clatterbuck had region of Kentucky countless caterpillars were opened for the summer a new villa-house crawling over the ripening apple orchards and six miles out in the country, with a dancingleaving the trees as stark as when tossed in pavilion in a grove of maples and oaks, a pleasthe thin air of bitter February days.

ure boat on a sheet of crystal water, and a Then, flying low and heavily through cellar stocked with old sherry, Sauterne, and drought and tempest and frost and plague, Château Margaux wines, with anisette, “ Perlike the royal presence of disaster, that had fect Love," and Guigholet cordials. been but heralded by all its mournful train, Down on Water street, near where now came nearer and nearer the dark angel of the stands a railway station, Hugh Lonney, urging pestilence.

that the fear of cholera was not the only incen

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tive to cleanliness, had just fitted up a sumptu- the sheriff was heard across the open public ous bath-house, where cold and shower baths square and old market-place. might be had at twelve and a half cents each, He stood on the topmost step of the courtor hot ones at three for half a dollar.

house and for a moment looked down on the Yes, the summer of 1833 was at hand, and crowd with the usual air of official severity. there must be new pleasures, new luxuries; for “Gentlemen," he then cried out sharply, Lexington was the Athens of the West and the “by an ordah of the cou't I now offah this Kentucky Birmingham.

man at public sale to the highes' biddah. He Old Pete Leuba felt the truth of this, as he is able-bodied but lazy, without visible propstepped smiling out of his little music-store on erty or means of suppoht, an' of dissolute habits. Main street and, rubbing his hands briskly to- He is therefoh adjudged guilty of high misdegether, surveyed once more his newly arranged meanahs an’ is to be sole into labah foh a windows, in which were displayed gold and twelvemonth. How much, then, am I offahed silver epaulets, bottles of Jamaica rum, gar- foh the vagrant? How much am I offahed den seeds from Philadelphia, drums and guitars foh ole King Sol'mon ? " and harps. Dewees & Grant felt it in their Nothing was offered for old King Solomon. drug-store on Cheapside, as they sent off a The spectators formed themselves into a ring large order for calomeland superior Maccoboy, around the big vagrant and settled down to rappee, and Lancaster snuff

. Bluff little Dau- enjoy the performance. kins Tegway felt it, as he hurried on the morn- “Staht 'im, somebody." ing of that day to the office of the “ Observer Somebody started a laugh, which rippled and Reporter” and advertised that he would around the circle. willingly exchange his beautiful assortment of The sheriff looked on with an expression of painted muslins and Dunstable bonnets for unrelaxed severity, but catching the eye of an fax and feathers. On the threshold he met a acquaintance on the outskirts, he exchanged a florid farmer, who had just offered ten dollars' lightning wink of secret appreciation. Then reward for a likely runaway boy with a long he lifted off his tight beaver hat, wiped out of fresh scar across his face; and to-morrow the his eyes a little shower of perspiration which paper would contain one more of those tragi- rolled suddenly down from above, and warmed cal little cuts representing an African slave a degree to his theme. scampering away at the top of his speed, with “Come, gentlemen," he said, more suasively, a stick swung across his shoulder and a bundie “it's too hot to stan' heah all day. Make me dangling down his back. In front of Postle- an offah! You all know ole King Sol'mon; thwaite's Tavern, where now stands the Phoenix don't wait to be interduced. How much, then, Hotel, a company of idlers, leaning back in to staht 'im? Say fifty dollahs! Twenty-five ! Windsor chairs and planting their feet against Fifteen! Ten! Why, gentlemen! Not ten the opposite wall on a level with their heads, dollahs ? Remembah this is the blue-grass smoked and chewed and yawned, as they dis- region of Kentucky — the land of Boone an’ cussed the administration of Jackson and Kenton, the home of Henry Clay!” he added, arranged for the coming of Daniel Webster in an oratorical crescendo. in June, when they would give him a great “ He ain't wuth his victuals,” said an oily barbecue and roast in his honor a buffalo bull little tavern-keeper, folding his arms restfully taken from the herd emparked near Ashland. over his own stomach and cocking up one They hailed a passing merchant, who, however, piggish eye into his neighbor's face. *“ He would hear nothing of the bull, but fell to ain't wuth his 'taters." praising his Rocky Mountain beaver and Goose “Buy 'im foh 'is rags!” cried a young lawCreek salt; and another, who turned a deaf student, with a Blackstone under his arm, to ear to Daniel Webster, and invited them all to the town rag-picker opposite, who was uncondrop in and examine his choice essences of sciously ogling the vagrant's apparel. peppermint, bergamot, and lavender.

I might buy 'im foh 'is scalp,” drawled a But of all the scenes that might have been farmer, who had taken part in all kinds of scalp observed in Lexington on that day, the most contests and was now known to be busily enremarkable occurred in front of the old court- gaged in collecting crow scalps for a match house at the hour of high noon. On the mel- soon to come off between two rival counties. low stroke of the clock in the steeple above, “ I think I 'll buy 'im foh a hat-sign,” said a the sheriff stepped briskly forth, closely fol- manufacturer of ten-dollar Castor & Rhorum lowed by a man of powerful frame, whom he hats. This sally drew merry attention to the commanded to station himself on the pave- vagrant's hat, and the merchant felt rewarded ment several feet off. A crowd of men and for his humor. boys had already collected in anticipation, and “You'd bettah say the town ought to buy others came quickly up as the clear voice of 'im an' put 'im up on top of the cou't-house

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as a scarecrow foh the cholera,” said some more practical treatment of his subject, proone else.

ceeded in a sincere tone: “What news of the cholera did the stage- “ He can easily earn from one to two dolcoach bring this mohning ?” quickly inquired lahs a day an' from three to six hundred a his neighbor in his ear; and the two imme- yeah. There's not anothah white man in town diately fell into low, grave talk, forgot all capable of doin' as much work. There's not about the auction, and turned away.

a niggah han' in the hemp factories with such Stop, gentlemen, stop!” cried the sheriff, muscles an' such a chest. Look at 'em! An', who had watched the rising tide of good-humor, if you don't b'lieve me, step fo'wahd and feel and now saw his chance to float in on it with 'em. How much, then, is bid foh 'im ?” spreading sails. “You are runnin' the price in “ One dollah !” said the owner of a hemp the wrong direction - down, not up. The law factory, who had walked forward and felt the requires that he be sole to the highes' biddah, vagrant's arm, laughing, but coloring up also not the lowes'. As loyal citizens, uphole the as the eyes of all were quickly turned upon constitution of the commonwealth of Kentucky him. In those days it was not an unheard-of an' make me an offah ; the man is really a great thing for the muscles of a human being to be bargain. In the first place, he would cost his thus examined when being sold into servitude ownah little or nothin', because, as you see, to a new master. he keeps himself in cigahs an' clo'es; then, his “ Thank you!” cried the sheriff

, cheerily. main article of diet is whisky - a supply of “One precinc' heard from! One dollah! I am which he always has on han'. He does n't even offahed one dollah foh ole King Sol'mon. One need a bed, foh you know he sleeps jus' as dollah foh the king! Make it a half. One well on any doohstep ; noh a chair, foh he dollah an' a half. Make it a half. One dolprefers to sit roun' on the curbstones. Remem- dol-dol-dollah!” bah, too, gentlemen, that ole King Sol'mon is Two medical students, returning from leca Virginian from the same neighbohhood as tures at the old Medical Hall, now joined the Mr. Clay. Remembah that he is well edu- group, and the sheriff explained : cated, that he is an awful Whig, an' that he “One dollah is bid foh the vagrant ole King has smoked mo' of the stumps of Mr. Clay's Sol'mon, who is to be sole into labah foh a cigahs than any other man in existence. If twelvemonth. Is there any othah bid? Are you don't b’lieve me, gentlemen, yondah goes you all done? One dollah, once — ” Mr. Clay now; call him ovah an' ask 'im foh “ Dollah and a half," said one of the stuyo’se’ves.”

dents, and remarked half jestingly under his He paused, and pointed with his right fore- breath to his companion, “ I'll buy him on finger towards Main street, along which the the chance of his dying. I want to dissect spectators, with a sudden craning of necks, be- him." held the familiar figure of the passing states- “Would you own his body if he should

die?" “ But you don't need anybody to tell you

“ If he dies while bound to me I 'll arrange these fac's, gentlemen,” he continued. “You that." merely need to be reminded that ole King “One dollah an'a half,” resumed the sherift; Sol'mon is no ohdinary man. Mo'ovah he has and falling into the tone of a facile auctioneer a kine heaht, he nevah spoke a rough wohd to he rattled on: anybody in this worl', an' he is as proud as “One dollah an' a half foh ole Sol'monTecumseh of his good name an' charactah. sol, sol, sol, — do, re, mi, fa, sol,- do, re, mi, An', gentlemen,” he added, bridling with an fa, sol! Why, gentlemen, you can set the king air of mock gallantry and laying a hand on his to music!” heart, “if anythin' fu'thah is required in the All this time the vagrant had stood in the

of a puffect encomium, we all know that center of that close ring of jeering and humorous there is n't anothah man among us who cuts as bystanders—a baffling text from which to have wide a swath among the ladies. The'foh, if preached a sermon on the infirmities of our imyou have any appreciation, any magnanimity; perfect humanity. Some years before, perhaps if you set a propah valuation upon the de- as a master-stroke of derision, there had been scendants of Virginia, that mothah of presi- given him that title which could but heighten dents; if you believe in the proud laws of the contrast of his personality and estate with Kentucky as a State of the Union; if you love every suggestion of the ancient sacred magAmerica an' love the worl— make me a gen'- nificence; and never had the mockery seemed rous, high-toned offah foh ole King Sol'mon!” so fine as at this moment, when he was led

He ended his peroration amid a shout of forth into the streets to receive the lowest senlaughter and applause, and, feeling satisfied tence of the law upon his poverty and dissothat it was a good time for returning to a lute idleness. He was apparently in the very





prime of life — a striking figure, for nature at coaxed, she begged, she elbowed and pushed least had truly done some royal work on him. and scolded, now laughing, and now with the Over six feet in height, erect, with limbs well passion of tears in her thick, excited voice. All shaped and sinewy, with chest and neck full at once, catching sight of the sheriff, she of the lines of great power, a large head thickly lifted one ponderous brown arm, naked to the covered with long reddish hair, eyes blue, face elbow, and waved her hand to him above the beardless, complexion fair but discolored by heads of those in front. low passions and excesses—such was old King “ Hole on, marseter! Hole on!” she cried, Solomon. He wore a stiff, high, black castor in a tone of humorous entreaty. “Don' knock hat of the period, with the crown smashed in 'im off till I come! Gim me a bid at 'im!” and the torn rim hanging down over one ear; The sheriff paused and smiled. The crowd a black cloth coat in the old style, ragged made way tumultuously, with broad laughter and buttonless; a white cotton shirt, with the and comment. broad collar crumpled, wide open at the neck “ Stan'aside theah an'let Aun'Charlotte in!” and down his sunburnt bosom; blue jeans pan- “Now you 'll see biddin'!” taloons, patched at the seat and the knees; and “Get out of the way foh Aun' Charlotte !" ragged cotton socks that fell down over the “Up, my free niggah! Hurrah foh Kentops of his dusty shoes, which were open at tucky!” the heels.

A moment more and she stood inside the In one corner of his sensual mouth rested ring of spectators, her basket on the pavement the stump of a cigar. Once during the pro- at her feet, her hands plumped akimbo into ceedings he had produced another, lighted it, her fathomless sides, her head up, and her soft, and continued quietly smoking. If he took to motherly eyes turned eagerly upon the sheriff. himself any shame as the central figure of this Of the crowd she seemed unconscious, and on ignoble performance, no one knew it. There the vagrant before her she had not cast a sinwas something almost royal in his unconcern. gle glance. The humor, the badinage, the open contempt, She was dressed with perfect neatness. A of which he was the public target, fell thick red and yellow Madras kerchief was bound and fast upon him, but as harmlessly as would about her head in a high coil, and another balls of pith upon a coat of mail. In truth, was crossed over the bosom of her stiffly there was that in his great, lazy, gentle, good- starched and smoothly ironed blue cottonade humored bulk and bearing which made the dress. Rivulets of perspiration ran down over gibes seem all but despicable. He shuffled her nose, her temples, and around her ears, from one foot to the other as though he found and disappeared mysteriously in the creases it a trial to stand up so long, all the while of her brown neck. A single drop accidentally looking the spectators full in the eyes without hung glistening like a diamond on the circlet the least impatience. He suffered the man of of one of her large brass ear-rings. the factory to walk round him and push and The sheriff looked at her a moment, smiling, pinch his muscles as calmly as though he had but a little disconcerted. The spectacle was been the show bull at a country fair. Once unprecedented. only, when the sheriff had pointed across the “What do you want heah, Aun’ Charlotte?" street at the figure of Mr. Clay, he had looked he asked kindly. “You can't sell yo' pies an' quickly in that direction with a kindling light gingerbread heah." in his eye and a passing flush on his face. For “I don' wan' sell no pies en gingerbread," the rest, he seemed like a man who has drained she replied contemptuously. “I wan' bid on his cup of human life and has nothing left him," and she nodded sidewise at the vagrant. him but to fill again and drink without the “White folks allers sellin' niggahs to wuk least surprise or eagerness,

fuh dem ; I gwine buy a white man to wuk fuh The bidding between the man of the fac- me. En he gwine t'git a mighty hard mistiss, tory and the student had gone slowly on. The you heah me !" price had reached ten dollars. The heat was The eyes of the sheriff twinkled with delight. intense, the sheriff tired. Then something oc- “ Ten dollahs is offahed foh ole King Sol. curred to revivify the scene. Across the mar- 'mon. Is theah any othah bid? Are you all ket-place and towards the steps of the court- done?” house there suddenly came trundling along in 'Leben,” she said. breathless haste a huge old negress, carrying Two young ragamuffins crawled among the on one arm a large shallow basket containing legs of the crowd up to her basket and filched apple crab-lanterns and fresh gingerbread. pies and cake beneath her very nose. With a series of half-articulate grunts and “Twelve !" cried the student, laughing. snorts she approached the edge of the crowd “ Thirteen!” she laughed too, but her eyes and tried to force her way through. She flashed.


You are bidding against a niggah," whis- So the day passed, the night came on, and pered the student's companion in his ear. M. Xaupi gave his brilliant ball. Poor old

“So I am ; let 's be off,” answered the other, Xaupi — poor little Frenchman! whirled as a with a hot flush on his proud face.

gamin of Paris through the mazes of the RevoThus the sale was ended, and the crowd lution, and lately come all the way to Lexingvariously dispersed. In a distant corner of the ton to teach the people how to dance. Hop courtyard the ragged urchins were devouring about blithely on thy dry legs, basking this their unexpected booty. The old negress drew night in the waxen radiance of manners and a red handkerchief out of her bosom, untied a melodies and graces! Where will be thy tunes knot in a corner of it, and counted out the and airs to-morrow? Aye, smile and prompt money to the sheriff. Only she and the vagrant away! On and on! Swing corners, ladies and were now left on the spot.

gentlemen! Form the basket! Hands all “You have bought me. What do you want around ! me to do ?” he asked quietly.

While the bows were still darting across the “Lohd, honey!" she answered, in a low tone strings, out of the low, red east there shot a of affectionate chiding, “I don'wan' you to long, tremulous bow of light up towards the do nothin'! I wuz n' gwine t' 'low dem white zenith. And then, could human sight have folks to buy you. Dey 'd wuk you till you beheld the invisible, it might have seen hovdropped dead. You go 'long en do ez you ering over the town, over the ball-room, over please."

M. Xaupi, the awful presence of the plague. She gave a cunning chuckle of triumph in But knowing nothing of this, the heated thus setting at naught the ends of justice, and, revelers went merrily home in the chill air in a voice rich and musical with tender affec- of the red and saffron dawn. And knowing tion, she said, as she gave him a little push: nothing of it also, a man awakened on the

“You bettah be gittin' out o' dis blazin' sun. doorstep of a house opposite the ball-room, Go on home! I be 'long by en by.”

where he had long since fallen asleep. His He turned and moved slowly away in the limbs were cramped and a shiver ran through direction of Water street, where she lived; and his frame. Staggering to his feet, he made his she, taking up her basket, shuffled across the way down to the house of Free Charlotte, market-place towards Cheapside, muttering to mounted to his room by means of a stairway herself all the while :

opening on the street, threw off his outer gar“I come mighty nigh gittin' dah too late, ments, kicked off his shoes, and taking a bottle foolin' 'long wid dese pies. Sellin' him 'ca’se from a closet pressed it several times to his he don' wuk! Umph! If all de men in dis lips with long outward breaths of satisfaction. town dat don' wuk wuz to be tuk up en sole, Then, throwing his great white bulk upon the d' would n' be 'nough money in de town to bed, in a minute more he had sunk into a buy 'em! Don' I see 'em settin' 'roun' dese heavy sleep - the usual drunken sleep of old taverns f'om mohnin' till night ? "

King Solomon. She snorted out her indignation and disgust, He too had attended M. Xaupi's ball, in his and sitting down on the sidewalk, under a own way and in his proper character, being Lombardy poplar, uncovered her wares and drawn to the place for the pleasure of seeing kept the flies away with a locust bough, not the fine ladies arrive and foat in, like large discovering in her alternating good and ill white moths of the summer night; of looking humor that half of them had been filched by in through the open windows at the manyher old tormenters.

colored waxen lights and the snowy arms and This was the memorable scene enacted in shoulders; of having blown out to him the Lexington on that memorable day of the year perfume and the music; not worthy to go in, 1833— a day that passed so briskly. For who- being the lowest of the low, but attending ever met and spoke together asked the one from a doorstep of the street opposite — with question: Will the cholera come to Lexing- a certain rich passion in his nature for all ton ? And the answer always gave a nervous splendor and revelry and sensuous beauty. haste to business — a keener thrill to pleasure. It was of the cholera that the negro woman heard two sweet passing ladies speak as she spread her wares on the sidewalk. They were ABOUT 10 o'clock the sunlight entered on their way to a little picture gallery just through the shutters and awoke him. He threw opened opposite M. Giron's ball-room, and in one arm up over his eyes to intercept the burnone breath she heard them discussing their ing rays. As he lay outstretched and stripped toilets for the evening and in the next a large of grotesque rags, it could be better seen in painting representing Christ in the Garden of what a mold nature had cast his figure. His Gethsemane.

breast, bare and tanned, was barred by full,


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