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not of that kind where every one is defirous of telling his own happy escape; it was all filence, and a gloomy dread of impending terrors.

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Leaving this feat of defolation, we proceeded along the coaft, and came, next day, to Rochetta, where we landed; the earth continuing violently agitated. We were scarce arrived at our inn, when we were once more obliged to return to the boat; and in about half an hour, we faw the greatest part of the town, and the inn at which we had fet up, dafhed to the ground, and burying all its inhabitants beneath its ruins.

"Thus proceeding, in our journey, finding no fafety at land, yet, from the fmallness of our boat, having very dangerous continuance at fea, we at length landed at Lopizium, a caftle midway between Tropea and Euphemia, to which city we were bound. Here appeared nothing but ruin and horror; Strombalo, fixty miles diftant, belching forth flames, with a noife which I could diftinctly hear. But my attention was quickly turned from remote to contiguous danger. The rum-> bling found of an approaching earthquake, which we by this time were grown acquainted with, alarmed us; every moment it grew louder, and approached nearer; the place whereon we ftood now began to shake moft dreadfully; fo that unable to ftand, my companions and I caught hold of whatever shrub grew next us for support.

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This violent paroxyfm ceafing, we propofed proceeding to Euphemia, that lay within fight. While preparing, I turned my eyes toward the city, but faw only a frightful dark cloud, refting on the place. This the more furprised us, as the weather

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weather was very ferene. We waited, therefore, till the cloud was past away: then turning to look for the city, it was totally funk. Wonderful to tell! nothing but a dismal and putrid lake was feen where it had ftood. We looked for fome All was one that could relate its catastrophe, but faw none. become a melancholy folitude, a fcene of hideous defolation. Thus proceeding penfively along, in quest of any human being that might give us fome little information, we at length faw a boy fitting by the fhore, ftupified with terror. Of him, we inquired concerning the fate of the city; but he gave us no anfwer. We entreated him with every expreffion of tendernefs and pity; but his fenfes were quite wrapt up in contemplation of the danger he had efcaped. We offered him vic tuals, but he feemed to loath the fight. We perfifted in our offices of kindness; but he only pointed to the place of the city, like one out of his fenfes; and then running up into the woods, was never heard of after. Such was the fate of the city of Euphemia."

After these relations, in which are many particulars to be obferved, whatever I might remark muft needs enfeeble their effect: I am willing that the fympathy, which I perceive in the countenances of my auditory, fhould have its full power, and their compaffion its free exercife; unfuppreffed be benevolent commiferation; we shall more fenfibly feel the felicity of our country in general exemption from fimilar devaftation; we fhall more readily confign the globe we inhabit to its ultimate diffolution, of which these feem fo many foretokens; and we shall more afiduously cultivate thofe fublime principles, whofe value,

importance,

importance, and dignity, fhall beft appear when all around is enwrapt in defolation: taught by which, we fhall regard this tumultuated world as our refidence, not our mansion and fhall fee, that these occafional inftances of terror are little impediments to our general welfare, have little effect on our principal interests, and hinder not (perhaps rather augment) the propriety of placing us as rational creatures in fo tranfitory a station, where they feem to contrast the usual benignity of creative power toward those inhabitants of the globe, who are next to become the fubjects of our difcourfe.

LECTURE

LECTURE III.

WE

E concluded our laft difcourfe, LADIES and GENTLEMEN, with mentioning feveral terrific phænomena, whofe ravages feem to forbid the fettlement and increase of inhabitants, on a globe occupied by fuch destructive refidents; they seem to counteract the very existence of animated beings, and to render hopeless every effort for their fettlement or fupport, Notwithstanding which state of things, I am now to remind you, that we actually find this globe, our habitation, replete with variety of creatures, of different and diffimilar powers, inclinations, and manners; all of them liable to events apparently contrary to their well-being, yet all of them maintaining, and perpetuating that station in the scale of existents, which appears to have been their original appointment.

There are many, and much worse causes of destruction attached to every race and fpecies of creatures, than what we have related as connected with, or arifing from, the globe; every rank has enemies in ranks above or below it; every individual has other individuals who are strongly prompted to moleft, or destroy it: nor are these foes deftitute of power, or fagacity, or inclination. How then fhall they fail of thei purpofe? Or if fome are disappointed, if they mifs their op

portunity,

portunity, or relinquish the chace, what fecurity has the devoted victim of escaping from others? or what profpect has he of prolonging that existence which now he enjoys?

Ever provident of what might be, while unremittingly attentive to what is, the Great Author of Nature has mingled with every faculty of every creature a certain fomewhat, which enables, as well as difpofes it, to provide for its own welfare; and though the degrees of existence (may we fo term it?) which come under our notice are extremely different, though fome creatures feem endowed with numerous privileges, while others feem put off with bare fenfation; yet even the last, the least, the loweft, has powers fufficient for protection, and defence against furrounding dangers,

If we were to compofe a SCALE OF LIFE, we should naturally place lowest on fuch a scale that living being which poffeffed fewest of those fenfations, or means of fenfation, which feem appropriate to animated matter. We fhould alfo endeavour to ascertain as the loweft on fuch a fcale, that being which poffeffed in the feebleft degree that fmall fhare of fenfation which belonged to it. From this we should rife gradually to those who poffeffed ftrong degrees in one particular branch or division of sensation; or those who poffeffed feveral sensations, though in moderate degrees. We should find that the greatest share of fagacity would feem attached to those beings, which, together with various means of fenfation, poffeffed the greatest proportion of impreffion or intenfity in each, feparately confidered.

PART II,

The

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