Puslapio vaizdai
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GLACIER in SAVOY.

ges not envious paffions; whose wants are limited to fimple fare, and fecurity, and whofe enmity toward other fpecies is moderate, if not filent. This we fee in the ox, the horse, and is equally evident in the elephant, large as is his bulk. Does the peculiarity of food contribute to render fome favage, and others mild? This is at leaft one manner in which their fa vageness or their mildness appears; moreover, when we have in any degree brought certain creatures off from total mainte hance by blood, we have fo far advanced them toward, fome what of tamenefs; we have in fome degree diminished their ferocity.

Recollect, that the fupport of life is left to the individual In the inftance of procuring food, we fee this fupport endeavoured according to the natures of the feveral creatures; that this diverfity has beneficial effect, feems proved, by reasoning already adduced, and, as above hinted, it forms diftinguishing marks of the claffes of animals; but, like every other mode of claffification, is liable to inconveniencies in treating creatures which combine feveral properties. Some eat flesh and fish; fome flesh and fruits; or fruits and infects; or infects and grain; and fome eat whatever prefents itfelf. There are few creatures but have predilection for fome particular kind of food, even if the infenfibility of their taste seem satisfied with the first they can find. But if it be asked, in what rank we muft place man? It is clear he must rank among the omnivorous, from a direct contrary caufe, not the infenfibility, but the (fuppofed) fenfibility and delicacy of his taste (rather in many cafes its caprice). We eat flesh, fish, in fome coun

tries infects, as locufts, &c. fruit, grain, and what not? (lately you know we were amused with a ftone-eater.) The flesh of beasts of prey is reckoned good eating, as lion's flesh and tiger's, but that of birds of prey coarse and worthlefs. The flesh of fome kind of ferpents is good; that of vipers, &c. is prescribed ás restorative; and that of lizards lately is afferted to be a complete cure for the leprofy, and for the cancer.

We suggested another idea, without enlarging on it as it deferves; I mean pofition: but as the variety of this Difcourfe has been confiderable, I would not wish to engage your attention any farther at this time of the evening; we poftpone, therefore, that principle, especially as it has fome relation to apparent intellect, which, together with fome other particulars may form the subjects of another difcourfe, previous to our remarks on the fenfes, which I propose to treat separately.

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LECTURE VI

LADIES and GENTLEMEN,

TH

'HE first object of the prefent difcourfe is, to notice the differences of POSITION, and their effects on the manners of creatures. This principle evidently depends on the ftructure and conformation of the bones; and may require a few words on a previous queftion, which indeed divides into two propofitions. 1. Whether the pofition of creatures, and their parts, is adapted to their way of life? Or, 2. Whether their way of life is the refult of, and adapted to, their po

fition?

Without the smallest intent of depreciating, or queftioning the obfervations, and accounts of Mr. RAY, Dr. DERHAM, &c. (who feem to me to have taken affirmatively the first queftion) it is clearly inferable, that if creatures cannot do otherwife than they do, much of that mental fagacity which has been imputed to them, has been mifapplied; and I am rather defirous to confider fagacity as a quality appertaining to reafon, and connected with choice, than belonging to fimple inftinct. Admitting every moral confequence, admiring equally with thofe

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