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and the caves he was forc'd to hide himself in; or (which is the fame in effect) his great troubles which brought him into fuch dangers, and hiding places. So there is no need to think that Chrift was any lower than the grave in the deep. There is no need, nor true reason to think he was fo low as in the prifon of hell, call'd the deep (aßuar) Luke viii. 31.

Epb. iv. 9 is the fame with John iii. 13; the lower parts of the earth being these lower parts of the world wherein we dwell, P. 139. 15. Isa. 44. 23.) and to which the grave belongs. Or by the lower parts of the earth may be meant the grave, (P. 63. 9, 10.) into which Chrift was to defcend, before he afcended into heaven. His words John xx. 17, I am not yet afcended to my Father, prove no more, than that he had not afcended in his body; as As ii. 34.


1 Pet. iii. 19. Chrift went by the Spirit in Noah, a preacher righteoufnefs, 2 Ep. ii. 5, (as by his Spirit in the Apoftles be came and preached peace, Eph. ii. 17.) and preached unto the fpirits in prifon in hell, when they were alive, as ch. iv. 6; or to the fpirits in the prison of fin; as Luke iv. 18. Ifa. xlii. 6, 7. chap. 61. I. As to the opinion of his defcending into a paradife in hell s See, 33 2


XXVI. Q. For what did Chrift Suffer, was Crucified, Dead, and Buried, and did defcend into Hell?


A. He fo Suffer'd a fufficient punishment for our fins, to obtain pardon for us.

Ifa. liii. 5, 6. Matth. xxvi. 28. His punishment was fuffiçient for all our fins,

because he is the Son of God. His Godhead made the Sufferings of his Manhood of Infinite Value. As xx. 28. 1 John iii. 16. He could not Die as he is God, but as he is Man. By his fuffering a fufficient punishment for all our fins, he paid our whole debt and fo he perfectly fulfilled the righteousness of the Law for us, who truly repent and amend. Rom. viii. 3, 4.`


XXVII. Q. What do you believe in the fifth Article, concerning Chrift's Rifing again?

A. I believe that the third day he Rofe again Rom. x. 9.from the dead.

1 Cor. xv.


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XXVIII. Q. What do you believe in the fixth Article, concerning his Afcending into Heaven?" -A. I believe that he afcended into Heaven, Mark xvi. and Sitteth at the Right hand of God the Fa- 19. ther Almighty. XXIX. Q. How does Chrift fit at the right band of God?


A. He fitteth at the right hand of the Throne Heb. viii. of God.




XXX. Q. For what did Chrift rife again, af cend into heaven, and fit at the right hand of God?

A. To pray to God for us a, and to reign over all the world b for our falvati

on c..

a Rom. viii. 34.
b. Eph. i. 20, 21, 22,
As he is God, he al-
ways was and is with
the Father, Lord of

all Creatures. Goll. i. 16, 17. Heb. i. 10, compar'd with P.
102. 25. And when he rofe from the dead, his Manhood was
exalted to the dignity of being Lord of all Creatures next unto
God. Matth. xxviii. 18. But it was upon the account of his
making fatisfaction for our fins by his Death, that fince the fall
of Adam he Governs all things for our falvation. Roms xiv. 9:
Phil. ii. 8 to 12. c. Matth. xxviii. 18, 19, 20.
Acts v. 31.

XXXI. Q. What do you believe in the Seventh
Article, concerning Chrift's Coming to Judge us?

A. I believe that he fhall come from Heaven As i. 11. ch. 10.42 to Judge the quick and the dead.

XXXII. Q. What will Chrift then do?

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A. He will raife all the dead a; and give the a John v. Kingdom of Heaven to all that have done good 28, 29. b; and condemn to everlasting fire all that have xxv. 34.

b Matth.

done evil c.

c Matth.

XXXIII. Q. What does he unto the dead in the xxv. 41. mean time?...

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A. He receives by his Angels the Souls of the righteous into heaven and happinefs a: and he fends the wicked into hell and tor. ments b.

· a Alts vii. 59. b Luke xvi. 22, 25: ch. 23. 43, compar'd with 2 Cor. xii. 2, 4. No other Paradife befides Heaven is to be found in the Scripture. 2 Cor. v. 1 to 9. We know that if (our

body, call'd) our earthly boufe of this tabernacle (Job. iv. 19. 2 Pet. 1. 13, 14) were diffolved (by death) we have a building of God, an boufe not made with bands, (to fupply the want of our body) eternal in the heaven's (until the Resurrection of our body, and then compleated in our body forever.)

2. For in this (earthly body) we groan earnestly, defiring to be clothed upon with our boufe which is from beaven; (and in which we fhall go thither.

3. This fhall be,) If fo be that being clothed (with our body, that is, before we die,) we shall not be found naked (without righteousness. Rev. iii. 17, 18. ch. 16. 15. It feems to be rather thus) If fo be that (when we die, ενδυσάμενοι καὶ γύμνοι Evgenσóμela.) we fall be found clothed (with righteousness,) not naked.

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4. For we that are in this tabernacle do grone, being burdened (with fin and mifery:) not for that we would be unclothed, (without our body, or any clothing in the place of it,) but clothed upon, (have better clothing, a finlefs bleffed houfe of our Souls ;) that mortality might be swallowed up of life.

5. Now be that bath wrought us for the felf fame thing, is God; who alfo bath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.

6. Therefore we are always confident (in expectation of being clothed upon, and of bleffed life in heaven immediately after death) knowing that whilst we are at home in the (earthly) body, we are abfent from the Lord,

7. For we walk (in confidence) by faith, the belief of what death will bring us to,) not by fight (of it now.)

8. We are confident, I fay, and willing rather to be abfent from the body, and to be present with the Lord (in heaven. ver. 1, 2. John xii. 26. Phil. 1. 23. Ecclef, iii. 21.

No other place is to be found in the Scripture for the Souls of the Saints at any time, either before, or after the Resurrection of Chrift; when the Papifts fay thofe Souls came out of their place in hell. And others have believ'd that they are there until the day of Judgment.


Therefore in heaven they always were, as well as Enoch and Elias. And from heaven without doubt the Soul of Mofes came with Elias, when they appear'd to Chrift. Matth. xvii. 3.

The devil's pretending to raise up Samuel, 1 Sam. xxviii, proves nothing but that there was then fuch a grofs error among men, as to think that the Souls even of the beft Saints were in the power of devils, and also at the black commands of the worst of mankind. ver. 11. A Chriftian therefore may not think it was Samuel that appear'd, but the familiar Spirit in his fhape. Whereas it is faid, When the Woman faw Samuel: And Saul perceived that it was Samuel: And Samuel said: that is only according to the opinion of Saul and the witch; or according to the outward appearance, as the ferpent is faid to speak to, and deceive Eve, when it was the devil in the serpent. As to that Spirit's foretelling, he might eafily perceive the overthrow of Saul, by his coming to him, and God's forfaking him. And Satan might have exprefs leave from God to punish Saul and his army, as he had to afflict Job.


They were Angels that carried Lazarus into Abraham's Bofom, to be fure not in the power of devils. Nor did they bring him into any place of comfort in hell; altho' the parable fays that the rich man saw Abraham afar off, and that they spake one to another. For parables are not to be taken strictly according to the words, but according to the defign of them. And the defign of that parable is to fhew the different condition of the righteous and the wicked after death: who we may be fure are not so near, as to fee or talk with one another. Luke viii. 31. ch. 16. 23. John v. 22. Matth. vii. 21, 22, 23. When the wicked are brought out of hell, and placed on the left hand, they will then plainly fee that there is no pleading for mercy. Therefore, Many will jay to me in that day, is to be understood of the day of death.

XXXIV. Q. What do you believe in the eightb Article, concerning the Holy Ghost?

A. I believe that there is

the Holy Ghoft *; and I truft in him, and obey him †.

Matth. xxviii, 19.

That is God's Spirit that makes us holy. Luke xi. 13. + Obey

his Word in the Holy Scripture, and his Motions in our hearts to obey the fame word.


I XXXV. Q. Who is the Holy Ghoft?

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A. The

a John xv. 26. Rom.

a John xv. 26.
Rom. viii. 9. b Alts
V. 3, 4. ch. xxviii.
compar'd with Ifai. vi.
9. 1 Cor. ii. 10. 11.
As the fpirit of a man,

that knows all things of a man, is the man himself: fo the Spirit
of God, that knows all things of God, is God himself. ch. 6.
19. 2 Cor. iii. 17. He is the fame God, but not the fame
Perfon with the Father and the Son. Matth. xxviii. 19.
c. John iii. 5. A&ts ii. 38, 39. Rom. viii. 14.

XXXVI. Q. Why must you truft alfo in the
Holy Ghost?

A. Because the Father and the Son do Sanctify
us a, and do all other things for us by him b.
XXXVII. What is the Holy Ghoft's Sanctifying

viii. 9. b Job xxvi. 13. us?

ch. 33. 4.

a John xiv. 26.

b. Eph. iii. 16. ch. v.
Rom. viii. 26.


He intercedes for us,

A. The Spirit of God and and of Chrift a, and the fame God with them b; who Sanctifies all God's people c.


a John xiv. 15, 16. ch. 15. 2. b Rom. viii. 14 to 18. He bears witness by his increafe of grace, and by the

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by helping us to pray,

and by putting into our hearts defires and groanings, more than
we utter with our mouths.

XXXVIII. How is the Holy Ghost our Comfor

A. He gives us grace to understand a, and obey God's Word b; and helps us to

pray c.

A. He gives Comfortable increase of grace to them that faithfully obey God as and affures them of God's love b.

promises of his word, that we are the children of God, particu-
larly by the promise, v. 14.

XXXIX. Q. What do you believe in the ninth
Article, concerning the Church?

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