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every house, taking men and women, and immuring them in dungeons and prisons; and he acknowledges, that when Stephen was stoned, he himself kept the clothes of the persons who stoned him. Now see him engaged in this wicked work of persecution. Hear what he says. As he was on his way, he heard a voice, saying, "Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?" And he said, "Who art thou, Lord?" Hear the answer "I am Jesus whom thou persecutest." What did Paul say then? "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" Then Christ says, "Rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness, both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in which I will appear unto thee; delivering thee from the people and from the Gentiles, unto whom I now send thee; to open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and an inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith which is in me." Let us pause and reflect. What! all his sins forgiven in a moment! Well, did he go on, and commit more sin? No, my hearers; but he said, "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" He is the author of the text; and what is his argument? "But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound. Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we who are dead to sin, live any longer therein?"

My brethren and friends, it is with the warmest affection of my heart, and with the strongest solicitude, that I exhort you to take this subject into se

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rious consideration; and if you can possibly detect any fallacy in the reasoning, be careful to acquaint yourselves with the fault, and communicate it to me. It is high time that I knew my mistake, if I am deluded. But I declare honestly before God and man, that I have laid the subject before you this evening as I believe the word of God warrants. And I humbly desire you to do the subject and yourselves so much justice, as to acquaint yourselves with it thoroughly. And before you say that this doctrine leads to licentiousness, you must be able to show that the goodness of God leads men, not to repentance, but to sin. Your experience will teach you better than this. If you ever become acquainted with Christ, and feel the power of his resurrection, and become partakers of his blessed Spirit, you will feel no disposition to say, I will continue in sin, that grace may abound.


Delivered in the Callowhill Street Church, Wednesday Evening, November 12, 1834.


"And the Serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die."--GENESIS iii. 4.

Your speaker desires to mention some of the reasons which have induced him to bring this subject before you this evening.

It is well known, everywhere, that the denomination to which we belong, are accused of believing the doctrine which the serpent preached to Eve in the garden. Now, so far as this accusation is believed, so far honest people will believe that we are in the wrong, and of course will condemn the whole doctrine. They will feel no disposition to inform themselves concerning it, nor even to hear what we have to say in vindication of it. It follows that we, as a denomination, owe it to ourselves, to our opposers, and to community at large, to show, if we can, that we are not correctly accused by our opposers. Setting aside every other consideration, you will perceive that I have a sufficient reason to take up this subject; for one of my objects in doing so, is to show, that we neither believe nor preach the doctrine of the serpent. We owe this to ourselves, on the principle that it is not agreeable to any per

son to stand accused before the community, without having the privilege of showing that the accusation is not correct. And here I will remark, that our accusers should be as ready to hear our defence, as we are to make it. For while they think of us as they do, they must certainly feel unpleasantly toward us. If, then, there is any way to remove the cause of those unpleasant feelings, it is our duty to attend to it-for we would always rather entertain favourable, than unfavourable, opinions of our fellow creatures.

Another consideration induces me to lay this subject before the congregation. We humbly and ho-. nestly believe, that our opposers, in reference to the accusation in question, are precisely in the situation of those of whom St. Paul speaks in Romans ii. 1: "Wherefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art, that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest, doest the same things." "What," says the hearer, "does the speaker intend to reverse the case? does he mean that those who accuse him of preaching the doctrine of the serpent, do the very thing themselves?" You have this question in your minds, and you are ready for an answer. The speaker will give it to you plainly. I have no more doubt, that our accusers do the thing of which they accuse us, than I have of their existence. Although this position may have the appearance of retaliation, I can assure you that it is not stated in any such spirit, nor with any disposition to deceive. It is stated simply because it is believed to be a fact, and because it is fact of which our accusers ought themselves to be informed. We feel the spirit of


charity towards them, (and we would cultivate, and hold it fast;) we believe that what they do, they do ignorantly. They have no intention of preaching the doctrine which the serpent preached. They do not believe they do. They are honest to themselves in this case; but I firmly believe they have committed the mistake referred to; and while they are doing this very thing, they think we are doing it.

There is yet another reason why I attend to this subject. It is a reason which applies to community generally. I am persuaded that people in general do not understand the manner in which temptation operates. If the power of temptation were understood by them as it ought to be, they would be benefited by such knowledge. I desire to have all persons on their guard, so that when temptation assails them, they may be able to detect and resist it. It was by this power that our first parents were drawn away from innocency and happiness in the garden. By the power of temptation, sin entered into the world, and death by sin.-These considerations will justify your humble servant in bringing this subject before you. What more useful topic could I bring, than one that will fix in the understandings of the young that which will serve as an efficient barrier against the power of temptation in all future time.

You may think that your speaker has laid out more work than he will be able to get through with in one sermon. But the truth of the several points to which I shall refer, is so exceedingly plain and simple, that we need not dwell long upon any particular. And I feel satisfied that I have the attention of my audience, in such a way, as to make it necessary

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