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DEM. An if I could," what fhould I get therefore?
HER. A privilege, never to fee me inore.-
Here, therefore, for a while I will remain.
For debt that bankrupt fleep doth forrow owe;
And laid the love-juice on fome true-love's fight: Of thy mifprifion muft perforce enfue
Some true love turn'd, and not a falfe turn'd true. PUCK. Then fate o'er-rules; that, one man hold ing troth,
A million fail, confounding oath on oath.
OBE. About the wood go swifter than the wind, And Helena of Athens look thou find:
All fancy-fick fhe is, and pale of cheer
With fighs of love, that coft the fresh blood dear: '
An if I could, &c.] This phrafeology was common in Shakfpeare's time. Thus in Romeo and Juliet, A&t V. fc i;
"An if a man did need a poison now." Again, in Lodge's Illuftrations, Vol. I. p. 85: “ made unto me to fee an yff I wold appoynt," &c. REED.
- part I so:] So, which is not in the old copy, was inferted for the fake of both metre and rhime, by Mr. Pope. MALONE. - pale of cheer -] Cheer, from the Italian cara, is frequently ufed by old English writers for countenance. Even Dryden fays"Pale at the fudden fight, fhe chang'd her cheer." Edinburgh Magazine, Nov. 1786. STEEVENS. fighs of love, that coft the fresh blood dear:] So, in King Henry IV. we have " blood-confuming," "blood-drinking,"
By fome illufion fee thou bring her here;
Sink in apple of his eye!
PUCK. Captain of our fairy band,
And the youth, miftook by me,
Shall we their fond pageant fee?
and "blood-fucking fighs." All alluding to the ancient fuppofi tion that every figh was indulged at the expence of a drop of blood. STEEVENS.
Swifter than arrow from the Tartar's bow.] So, in the 10th Book of Ovid's Metamorphofis: tranflated by Golding, 1567:
and though that the
Did fly as fwift as arrow from a Turkye bowe."
"A Tartar's painted bow of lath" is mentioned in Romeo and Juliet. STEEVENS.
6 Hit with Cupid's archery,] This alludes to what was faid before:
the bolt of Cupid fell:
"It fell upon a little western flower,
Before milk-white, now purple with love's wound."
OBE. Stand afide: the noife they make,
PUCK. Then will two, at once, woo one;
And thofe things do beft please me,
That befal prepofterously.
Enter LYSANDER and HELENA.
Lys. Why fhould you think, that I fhould woo in fcorn?
Scorn and derifion never come in tears: Look, when I vow, I weep; and vows fo born, In their nativity all truth appears.
How can these things in me feem fcorn to you, Bearing the badge of faith, to prove them true?? HEL. You do advance your cunning more and
When truth kills truth, O devilish-holy fray! These vows are Hermia's: Will you give her o'er? Weigh oath with oath, and you will nothing
Your vows, to her and me, put in two fcales,
Lys. I had no judgement, when to her I swore.
LYS. Demetrius loves her, and he loves not you.
7 Bearing the badge of faith, to prove them true?] This is faid in allufion to the badges (i. e. family crefts) anciently worn on the fleeves of fervants and retainers. So, in The Tempest: "Mark the badges of these men, and then say if they be true."
DEM. [awaking.] O Helen, goddefs, nymph, perfect, divine!
To what, my love, fhall I compare thine eyne? Cryftal is muddy. O, how ripe in fhow
Thy lips, thofe kiffing cherries, tempting grow!
Taurus fnow,] Taurus is the name of a range of moun.
tains in Afia. JOHNSON.
8 This princefs of pure white,] Thus all the editions as low as Sir Thomas Haumer's.
This pureness of pure white;”
and Dr. Warburton follows him. The old reading may be jufti fied from a paflage in fir Walter Raleigh's Difcovery of Guiana, where the pine-apple is called The princefs of fruits. Again, in Wyat's Poems, "Of beauty princeffe chief." STEEVENS.
In The Winter's Tale we meet with a fimilar expreffion:
good footh, fhe is
"The queen of curds and cream.” MALONE.
· feal of bliss!] He has in Measure for Meafure, the fame
But my kiffes bring again,
"Seals of love, but feal'd in vain." JOHNSON.
More appofitely, in Antony and Cleopatra:
My play-fellow, your hand; this kingly feal,
"And plighter of high hearts." STEEVENS.
-join, in souls,] i. e. join heartily, unite in the fame miud. Shakspeare in K. Henry V. ufes an expreffion not unlike this: For we will hear, note, and believe in heart;'
i. e. heartily believe: aud in Measure for Measure, he talks of electing with special foul. In Troilus and Creffida, Ulyffes, relating the chara&er of He&or as given him by Eneas, fays:
If you were men, as men you are in fhow,
To vow, and fwear, and fuperpraise my parts,
with private foul
"Did in great Ilion thus tranflate him to me." And, in All Fools, by Chapman, 1605, is the fame expreffion as that for which I contend:
"Happy, in foul, only by winning her."
Again, in a mafque called Luminalia, or the Festival of Light, 1637:
"You that are chief in fouls, as in your blood." Again, in Pierce Pennylefs his Supplication to the Devil, 1595: whofe fubverfion in foul they have vow'd." Again, in Warner's Albion's England, 1602. B. XII. ch. lxxv: "Could all, in foul, of very God fay as an Ethnick said "To one that preached Hercules?"
Again, in our author's Twelfth Night:
"And all thofe fwearings keep as true in foul."
Sir T. Hanmer would read-in flouts; Dr. Warburton, infolents.
I rather believe the line fhould be read thus:
"But you muft join, ill fouls, to mock me too?" Ill is often used for bad, wicked. So, in The Sea Voyage of Beaumont and Fletcher, A& IV. fc. i:
which I cite the rather, becaufe ill had there also been changed into in, by an error of the prefs, which Mr. Sympfon has corrected from the edition 1647. TYRWHITT.
This is a very reasonable conje&ure, though I think it hardly right. JOHNSON.
We meet with this phrase in an old poem by Robert Dabourne : Men fhift their fafhions
They are in fouls the fame." FARMER.
▲ fimilar phrafeology is found in Measure for Measure: