Puslapio vaizdai

DEM. An if I could," what fhould I get therefore?

HER. A privilege, never to fee me inore.-
And from thy hated prefence part I fo: 3
See me no more, whether he be dead or no, [Exit.
DEM. There is no following her in this fierce

Here, therefore, for a while I will remain.
So forrow's heavinefs doth heavier grow

For debt that bankrupt fleep doth forrow owe;
Which now in fome flight measure it will pay,
If for his tender here I make some stay. [Lies down.
OBE. What haft thou done? thou haft mistaken


And laid the love-juice on fome true-love's fight: Of thy mifprifion muft perforce enfue

Some true love turn'd, and not a falfe turn'd true. PUCK. Then fate o'er-rules; that, one man hold ing troth,

A million fail, confounding oath on oath.

OBE. About the wood go swifter than the wind, And Helena of Athens look thou find:

All fancy-fick fhe is, and pale of cheer

With fighs of love, that coft the fresh blood dear: '

An if I could, &c.] This phrafeology was common in Shakfpeare's time. Thus in Romeo and Juliet, A&t V. fc i;

"An if a man did need a poison now." Again, in Lodge's Illuftrations, Vol. I. p. 85: “ made unto me to fee an yff I wold appoynt," &c. REED.



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- part I so:] So, which is not in the old copy, was inferted for the fake of both metre and rhime, by Mr. Pope. MALONE. - pale of cheer -] Cheer, from the Italian cara, is frequently ufed by old English writers for countenance. Even Dryden fays"Pale at the fudden fight, fhe chang'd her cheer." Edinburgh Magazine, Nov. 1786. STEEVENS. fighs of love, that coft the fresh blood dear:] So, in King Henry IV. we have " blood-confuming," "blood-drinking,"

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By fome illufion fee thou bring her here;
I'll charm his eyes, against she do appear.
PUCK. I go, I go; look, how I go;
Swifter than arrow from the Tartar's bow.' [Exit.
OBE. Flower of this purple dye,
Hit with Cupid's archery,

Sink in apple of his eye!
When his love he doth efpy,
Let her shine as gloriously
As the Venus of the fky.-
When thou wak'ft, if fhe be by.
Beg of her for remedy.

Re-enter PUCK.

PUCK. Captain of our fairy band,
Helena is here at hand;

And the youth, miftook by me,
Pleading for a lover's fee;

Shall we their fond pageant fee?
Lord, what fools thefe mortals be! ́

and "blood-fucking fighs." All alluding to the ancient fuppofi tion that every figh was indulged at the expence of a drop of blood. STEEVENS.

Swifter than arrow from the Tartar's bow.] So, in the 10th Book of Ovid's Metamorphofis: tranflated by Golding, 1567:


and though that the

Did fly as fwift as arrow from a Turkye bowe."


"A Tartar's painted bow of lath" is mentioned in Romeo and Juliet. STEEVENS.

6 Hit with Cupid's archery,] This alludes to what was faid before:

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the bolt of Cupid fell:

"It fell upon a little western flower,

Before milk-white, now purple with love's wound."


OBE. Stand afide: the noife they make,
Will caufe Demetrius to awake.

PUCK. Then will two, at once, woo one;
That muft needs be fport alone:

And thofe things do beft please me,

That befal prepofterously.


Lys. Why fhould you think, that I fhould woo in fcorn?

Scorn and derifion never come in tears: Look, when I vow, I weep; and vows fo born, In their nativity all truth appears.

How can these things in me feem fcorn to you, Bearing the badge of faith, to prove them true?? HEL. You do advance your cunning more and


When truth kills truth, O devilish-holy fray! These vows are Hermia's: Will you give her o'er? Weigh oath with oath, and you will nothing


Your vows, to her and me, put in two fcales,
Will even weigh; and both as light as tales.

Lys. I had no judgement, when to her I swore.
HEL. Nor none, in my mind, now you give her


LYS. Demetrius loves her, and he loves not you.

7 Bearing the badge of faith, to prove them true?] This is faid in allufion to the badges (i. e. family crefts) anciently worn on the fleeves of fervants and retainers. So, in The Tempest: "Mark the badges of these men, and then say if they be true."




DEM. [awaking.] O Helen, goddefs, nymph, perfect, divine!

To what, my love, fhall I compare thine eyne? Cryftal is muddy. O, how ripe in fhow


Thy lips, thofe kiffing cherries, tempting grow!
That pure congealed white, high Taurus' fnow,
Faun'd with the eaftern wind, turns to a crow,
When thou hold'ft up thy hand: O let me kifs
This princefs of pure white, this feal of blifs!"
HEL. O fpite! O hell! I fee you all are bent
To fet against me, for your merriment.
If you were civil, and knew courtesy,
You would not do me thus much injury.
Can you not hate me, as I know you do,
But you muft join, in fouls, to mock me too?



Taurus fnow,] Taurus is the name of a range of moun.

tains in Afia. JOHNSON.

8 This princefs of pure white,] Thus all the editions as low as Sir Thomas Haumer's.

He reads:

This pureness of pure white;”

and Dr. Warburton follows him. The old reading may be jufti fied from a paflage in fir Walter Raleigh's Difcovery of Guiana, where the pine-apple is called The princefs of fruits. Again, in Wyat's Poems, "Of beauty princeffe chief." STEEVENS.

In The Winter's Tale we meet with a fimilar expreffion:




good footh, fhe is

"The queen of curds and cream.” MALONE.

· feal of bliss!] He has in Measure for Meafure, the fame

But my kiffes bring again,

"Seals of love, but feal'd in vain." JOHNSON.

More appofitely, in Antony and Cleopatra:


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My play-fellow, your hand; this kingly feal,

"And plighter of high hearts." STEEVENS.

-join, in souls,] i. e. join heartily, unite in the fame miud. Shakspeare in K. Henry V. ufes an expreffion not unlike this: For we will hear, note, and believe in heart;'

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i. e. heartily believe: aud in Measure for Measure, he talks of electing with special foul. In Troilus and Creffida, Ulyffes, relating the chara&er of He&or as given him by Eneas, fays:

If you were men, as men you are in fhow,
You would not ufe a gentle lady fo;

To vow, and fwear, and fuperpraise my parts,
When, I am fure, you hate me with your hearts.
You both are rivals, and love Hermia;
And now both rivals, to mock Helena:

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with private foul

"Did in great Ilion thus tranflate him to me." And, in All Fools, by Chapman, 1605, is the fame expreffion as that for which I contend:

"Happy, in foul, only by winning her."

Again, in a mafque called Luminalia, or the Festival of Light, 1637:

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"You that are chief in fouls, as in your blood." Again, in Pierce Pennylefs his Supplication to the Devil, 1595: whofe fubverfion in foul they have vow'd." Again, in Warner's Albion's England, 1602. B. XII. ch. lxxv: "Could all, in foul, of very God fay as an Ethnick said "To one that preached Hercules?"

Again, in our author's Twelfth Night:

"And all thofe fwearings keep as true in foul."

Sir T. Hanmer would read-in flouts; Dr. Warburton, infolents.

I rather believe the line fhould be read thus:


"But you muft join, ill fouls, to mock me too?" Ill is often used for bad, wicked. So, in The Sea Voyage of Beaumont and Fletcher, A& IV. fc. i:

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which I cite the rather, becaufe ill had there also been changed into in, by an error of the prefs, which Mr. Sympfon has corrected from the edition 1647. TYRWHITT.

This is a very reasonable conje&ure, though I think it hardly right. JOHNSON.

We meet with this phrase in an old poem by Robert Dabourne : Men fhift their fafhions

They are in fouls the fame." FARMER.

▲ fimilar phrafeology is found in Measure for Measure:
"Is't not enough thou haft fuborn'd these women
"To accufe this worthy man, but in foul mouth
"To call him villain!" MALONE.

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