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the work. The earliest occasion upon which the poor-laws are at present administered, which friendly societies received the he thus alluded to friendly societies : tion of either branch of the legislature was in 1773. From the returns of the registrar
But whatever was done, the future to be arrived at the number of friendly societies enrolled and
was an eradication of pauperism by the creation of certified, and now in existence in England and self-dependence. Provident societies and kindred Wales, is about 20,000, and the number of the institutions must be fostered. He could not agree members exceed 2,000,000, with funds excceding with the allegation that the working classes were
(Hear, hear). What £9,000,000. We cannot follow Mr. Hardwick encouragement to be provident had they received from though his carefully-prepared account of the the legislature and from society ? Little or none. statistics of these societies. One of the most The workmen had received but cold encouragement important chapters of the work is that entitled from without, and the blame, if any, should rest with the “Danger of Insolvency;" it is one that others, if he had not proved as self-reliant as could be deserves most careful attention on the part of wished. The attention of the house had been called present or intended members of friendly societies, to the fact that provident societies had doabled in and who are tempted to join impracticable ones, numbers since 1844, and it had been stated on good the liberal schemes of which must end in authority that £2,000,000 per annum was saved to the diappointment and loss. Figures represent very ratepayer by them. Ought not that to be sufficient to stubborn facts in our author's use of them, and induce the house to encourage the establishment of prove in this chapter that for want of proper they supported their members in times of sickness,
such societies and their further development. Already calculations many of the existing societies are, or
but be would like to see them brought to such soon will be, without proper reformation, in a state of bankruptcy. He points out the defects perfection as to provide superannuation for members in their rules and organization which leads to had this been attempted, and in these it had not worked
In only one or two instances this conclusion, and shows the means of averting with perfect success. and preventing it. According to the “pastgrand master of the Manchester Unity's” own showing, In brief, Mr. Corrance suggests that if the that society itself is not safe unless a reformation rates could in any way be applied to such soof its system is generally entered into by the cieties, it would effect a saving at least of some various lodges ; but, having shown in a very portion of the charge. If there could be searching investigation of the accounts of an A saving to the ratepayer of a third or a fourth, aggregate of twenty-four lodges, their financial that, not to speak of moral considerations, ought to be prospects, and the errors in their executive he a recommendation. A bill brought in by Lord Lanstakes heart to observe that “the dictates of downe, in 1839, contained a clause to the effect that common sense and moral principle alike demand where a parish should adopt the act and establish a that we investigate calmly the cause of past friendly society, the vestry should direct to be paid out error, aud regulate our future proceedings in of the poor-rates such an amount as the guardians accordance with our improved knowledge of the might determine, not exceeding 25 per cent of the operation of natural laws. No ignorance of ours, that the poor man would refuse contribntions coming
annual contributions of such local society. It was said either wilful or blind, can stultify a fact; but, if from such a source, but he would be hardly conscious we boldly look the evil in the face, I for one fear whence they came. At the same time, he should be not that patient labour and integrity of purpose sorry to see the principle generally applied; it should will eventually accomplish all that is desired.” be confined to particular parts of the country, where it Mr. Hardwick, under the heads of “Conditions
was most wanted. of Security” and the “Future," deals almost exhaustively with his subject; and the chapters To this the writer of the article from which we on education and social advantages are full of quote the above very pertinently observes, hope for the working-people of England. We “We are inclined to the opinion that, whenever congratulate not only the members of the any given number of men once understand the Manchester Unity, bnt those of friendly societies necessity of providing for future uncertain pegenerally, upon the anthor's earnest and honest riods of affliction, and have given practical ex. inquisition of their existing defects, ad the hibition of their conviction, by forming themsterling advantages to be derived from it, selves into a friendly society, of however imThe work is one that will be regarded as an perfect a character, that the first and most powauthority upon the matters of which it treats. erful element found to underlie and sus.
tain their commendable effort will be the QUARTERLY MAGAZINE OF Oddfellows. special horror with which they regard a pau. -(Manchester).- A propos to the subject of per's social and moral condition, and a strong Mr. Hardwick's "Manual,” which we have just repugnance to any parochial officers' aid or indiscussed, appears a paper in these pages by the terference in their provident affairs. Between same haud (the editor, by the way) on the sub- habitual pauperism and habitual self-reliance," ject of the proposed Royal Commission on he goes on to say, “there ever has, and ever will Friendly Societies,” which are at length receiv- be, an impassable gulf.” And he very rightly ing from the legislature thc attention which they believes, that “all practical efforts in the direc, mcrit. In a speech of Mr. Corrance, M.P., re
tion indicated would lead to disappointment and lative to the existing state of pauperism and disgust." To our own mind such an attempt vagrancy in Eugland, and the principles on would be one to overthrow the grandest move
ment the working men have made in their on-, injurious to the interests of theliving of disposing ward march of social progress. The very of the dead, destroying at once the seeds of corner-stone of self-respect is self-dependence, disease, the pollution of the air, and the monopoly and the first attempt to mix the poor-rate with of large tracts of land, the need of which, as the hard-earned savings which represent so population increases, is ever more largely felt, much industry, self-denial, and manly effort we can still sympathize with those who, on the should be discountenanced--the two things do other hand, are anxious to retain as long as not go together. We agree with the writer, that possible the lineaments and form of their deceased there is one thing
friends; and from the simplicity of the operation, Which overseers or boards of guardians might and the efficacy of the antiseptic which gives its perhaps do to effectually encourage the independent name to this pamphlet, it would seem that there action of thc self-reliant men to whom we have is no longer any question of the practicability of referred. They might, nay, we think both in wisdom such a wish. The perfectness of the result is and duty, they ought, to regard and treat with some vouched for by reports from Dr. Francis Delafield, lenity the few exceptional cases where, through excess Proff. James R. Wood, Proff. R. Ogden Doremus, of misfortune and ill-health, the members of friendly Proff. A. Flint, junr., and extracts from the press. societies, or their dependent families, have, often after After 103 days, the body of a woman, preserved a hard, nay, heroic struggle, which has not only pinched by the Nekrosozric process, exhibited no sign of their bodies, but wrung with bitter anguish their once contented minds, been compelled, by dire necessity, to decomposition, and one which had been prepared apply for parish relief. In such cases, we say, they by it after 107 days, is reported to have been in might encourage the provident instincts of the masses
a fine state of preservation. In cases of death by regarding and treating such individuals as a separate on board ship, or at a distance from home or and distinct class from the idle and the dissolute.” country, we can well understand the value of this Besides this well-timed and well-written paper,
discovery, which will enable the survivors to see there are excellent articles by H. Owgan, and recognize the friends they have lost before L.L.D., Edwin Goadly, &c., &c. “A Peep at the
resigning them to the grave. Past” is a pleasant article, which might, how- consists in washing the skin and injecting the ever, be much more so. We congratulate Eliza fluid through the natural apertures of the body. Cook upon her“ Hill-side Home," and the There are no incisions made, so that all that was freshness of her pretty poem thereon.
repugnant in the old system of emmbalment is done NEKROSOZOIE: Process for the Preservation or
away with, anyone may perform the operation.
The inventor is Mr. W. R. C. Clark., of New Embalming of the Human Body.-W. Garstin York, and his agents for London, Messrs. & Co., London : 5, Welbeck Street, Cavendish Garstin, of 5, Welbeck Street, Cavendish Square, Square.- Notwithstanding that our own bias is where packages of the fluid may be obtained. in favour of cineration as being the mode least
LEAVES FOR THE LITTLE ONES.
JACK, THE GIANT-KILLER. ing, and so was almost always late at breakfast,
and received many a mark for tardiness from his BY M, D. R. B.
teacher, besides being hurried and flurried in
consequence all through the day. It soon beJack was a pretty little boy about ten years came a serious matter; and in order to help old, and his father and mother were very fond of Jack to break loose from the soft, luxurious web him. But their affection was of the true kind. wbich this insidious monster weaves about his They loved him too much to be blind to his captives, his father promised that he should go faults, and were very unwilling to see him be- with him by train the next morning to town, if come a slave to his own evil habits and he could possibly be up and ready dressed in appetites, which are the real giants that attack, time for the early train. and so often overcome, us poor mortals. And so Little Jack was in high spirits. This was just you will understand that the enemies Jack bad to what he had been wanting so long. Two cousins deal with were the Giants Sloth, Ill-Temper, had lately paid him a visit, and had boasted no Mischief, Selfishness, and others of their kith little of the sights, and crowed over the and kin.
advantages which they asserted it possessed over First, there was Giant Sloth; and he was about his own native city. So Jack wanted to see for the hardest to conquer of all. Jack liked to himself. Besides, he bad overheard his mother adsorb himself in the pages of a story-book, when whisper about the panorama of Niagara, he ought rather to have been learning his and what a treat it would be for Jack.” And she lessons ; he hated to get up early in the morn- told Susan, the chambermaid, to put his best snit into a little satchel, and set it by his father's | very wide, and looking about the room a little valise in the hall, ready for the cabman when he frightened; "why, mamma,
what do you should call in the morning.
mean?" Now, as Mischief is the offspring of Idleness, “ Just what I say, my son.
When you are it was no wonder that Jack, for want of something mischievous, and obstinate, and self-indulgent, better to do, should fall into some of his old as you have been to-day, then I think what bad, tricks, and prove very annoying to all upon wicked giants have got hold of my little Jack. whom he chose to bestow his company. First, And I ani afraid these naughty monsters will he disturbed his mamma, who was writing a letter, conquer him entirely some time, if he does not by creaking the door backwards and forwards, fight them back again, and get the victory. just sufficiently to irritate ber nerves; and when There's Giant Sloth, who keeps you in bed in the that was forbidden, he began to teaze his sister morning, and will not let you jump out, though I May, and pull her about more boisterously than call ever so loudly. He lurks in the pages of the gentle little girl liked. Jack's mamma bad your story-books, and he is very fond of the to speak to him very decidedly before he could cushions of the great arm-chair. Sometimes it be persuaded to let the child alone. But it was takes a big pull to get you out of the net he has not long before a string was slyly fastened to woven around you.' the large doll, which May was making believe Ob, mamma,” said Jack, laughing, “ does be to be taking a ride in her little waggon, and have a net around me? I never felt it.” pretty Flora was rudely thrown on her face, “ That is because it is so soft and yielding, that ihereby considerably injuring her waxen nose, few suspect they are in its meshes until he
This was too bad; and master Jack was fastens his web securely about them, like a summarily expelled from the room, with a request spider does to a silly fly. And this is what that he should not return until he could belave makes Giant Sloth so powerful, because he lulls with more propriety. But, being by this time in instead of showing open fight.” a high state of excitement, he only shifted the Well, he sban't conquer me, I'm determined," scene of his operations from the parlour to the said Jack, resolutely. . “ I'll soon bring you his kitchen, where he soon raised such a disturbance head, mamma.” that mamma was obliged to “take him in hand," “We shall see," said his mamma, quietly. as cook expressed it--a punishment which “ Time enough to boast when the battle is won.” consisted in making Jack sit still for a whole “But are these all my giants, mamma?” asked hour on a little footstool at bis mamma's feet, Jack, who was greatly amused; and, being a without occupation of any
bright boy, readily understood his mamma's Jack thought this was very hard; but, looking meaning. into his mamma's face, he saw she was resolute, “By no means,” said his mamma. “There is and submitted with as good a grace as he possibly Giant Ill-Temper, who makes you so cross to could.
little May sometimes, and only the other day "Oh dear!" sighed Jack, piteously, “I wish helped to push her down, when you came home I had something to do. Mayn't I talk a little, in a bad humour because you were kept in at mamma?”
school. The poor child cried herself to sleep, “Not while I am writing,” said his mamma. after I had bathed the great black bruise on ber “ And I believe talking is not the bargain at all. But if you keep quiet until I have finished my “ Well, mamma, but I was sorry as soon as I letter, you may tell me what you have been thinks had pushed her. And then she needn't have ing about in the meantime.”
come running to meet me when she might have Jack waited until he saw the closely-written known I would be in a bad humour. It's hard sheet placed in its neat envelope, and directed in enough for a fellow to be punished and lose his his mamma's clear, firm handwriting, and then he dinner, without being plagued as soon as he comes burst out with, “I was wishing all the time I was
in." like Jack, the Giant-Killer.”
" She had been watching for you a whole hour Cunning Jack ! He expected to hear his at the window, to ask if she might play with mamma laugh at bis droll speech, as she had been your box of soldiers. And, before I could stop used to do when he said anything remarkably her, she had slipped down the stairs, and was funny, and then he thought his peace would be away to the hall-door to meet you, as soon as made, and his offences forgotten. Bnt, instead of she caught a glimpse of you running up the steps. this, his mamma did not smile at all; and she She little expected to find you in such a sarage said very gravely, “I wish you were, Jack; and, mood.” indeed, I think you can be."
“ Dear little May!” said Jack, in a penitent “Why, mamma,” cried Jack, astonished, " how tone; "she is such a sweet-tempered little thing, can I be?
And, besides, where are the giants ? | mamma. She put up her pretty mouth to kiss There are none about here that I know of; and me when she saw I was sorry about her poor I mightn't meet with any if I travelled a thou- little arm, and said, "Don't cry, brother Jack, sand miles, even.”
you didn't do it on purpose, I know.' I don't “You have no need to travel far to find them. I believe Giant Il-temper ever disturbs her a bit. They are here with you all the time, my little And as soon as she got over her nap, I gave her Jack.”
my box of soldiers jo keep for her own. Wasn't “Why, mamma,” said Jack, opening his eyes that fighting Giant lll-Temper, mamma?”
“Why, no, I think not, Jack. He was off bing his eyes, “I wish you wouldn't bother me, by that time, and you were worsted in the fight. Susan. I know it's too early. Why, it's quite He is very apt to leave Sorrow and Remorse dark yet, ain't it?" bebind him. Had you controlled your inclination “No,” said Susan; "your window shutters to be ill-humoured at the moment you felt him are closed, and the blinds down. Jump up and coming, and made a strong effort to be gentle and open the window, and then you will see the loving, ipstead of violent and rude, then I would bright daylight coming in. And mind, the train say you had gained a victory. And as to your starts at six, and you have only an hour to dress giving little May the box of soldiers, I have and eat your breakfast.” heard
you say over and over again that you were “Only an hour!” repeated Jack, turning over quite tired of them, and did not care who had on his pillow, as Susan's footsteps were heard them.”
descending the stairs; "as if it would take me • Then there is Giant Selfishness," she more than ten minutes to dress! And I know continued. “Who was it the other day, when that tiresome Susan has awakened me ever so I gave him two apples, one large and the other much too soon. She thinks to pay ine back for small, to divide with his little sister, bestowed the some of my tricks yesterday, as she said she less beautiful fruit on May, and greedily devoured would. No, indeed, I shan't get up to please the whole of the fiue one imself ?"
you, Miss Susan !" "Oh, now mamma, you are too bad, as you said Foolish Jack! One quarter of an hour, and I was a while ago. I am sure, May isso little, the then another, passed away, his fitful slumbers small apple was quite enough for her, and the large only broken by Susan's occasional “rat-ta-tat" one suited me best. Besides, she was duite at the door. To all of which Jack mentally pleased with the one I
answered—“I know it is not late, and papa will “So Giant Selfishness told you; and this ugly not go without me.' habit will make you in time greedy, and sensual, At last, "ring-ting-aling ” went the breakfast and self-indulgent. Fight the giants while you bell; and then, indeed, Jack was in a hurry. are young, Jack, or they will so get the mastery He leaped out of bed at one jump, breaking of you that when you grow up you will find through the meshes of Giant Sloth's net, and yorself bound as with fetters of iron; and will turned a full jet of cold water on to his face, and have to be their slave as long as you live.”. hands, and head. This was a powerful awakener,
"I won't be their slave, I'm determined ; so and, had it been resorted to before, poor Jack there, now," cried Jack, hotly. “And you'll might have been spared much discomfort and see, mamma, if I don't conquer them every one. I intend to begin this very day, and knock them But as it was everything went wrong, and down as fast as they come on.
each article of his wardrobe seemed to be out of Poor Jack! he was full of boasting, as many place and out of sorts, just because he was so a one is who has not "proved bis armour.
. impatient. He pulled off his buttons, broke his That same evening he had a strong tussle with shoe-ties, and finally got angry, and threw his Giants Ill-Temper and Disobedience, and, as clothes into various parts of the room. Then he usual, they caine off conquerors.
had to scramble and gather them up again; but His mind was so full of his expected journey, just as he had succeeded in getting “all right,” and the rights he should probably see on the he heard the sound of wheels, and, runding to way, that he gave no heed to his mamma's gentle the window, had the disappointment of seeing admonition that he had better retire sooner than the cab drive rapidly away from the door, his usual, so as to be prepared for an early start in father having waited for him until the last posthe morning. Indeed, when hed-time came, be sible moment. was absorbed in his favourite book, “ The Hun- It was frightful to see the fit of passion into dred Wonders of the World,” and had become which Jack was thrown by this blighting of all so excited over a description of Niagara Falls, his hopes. He raised the window and screamed, that be behaved in a very ugly and disrepectful then stamped, and beat the door with his fists manner to his mamma, and was in consequence until he was quite exhausted, and had to sit not only severely reprimanded by his papa, but down on the floor to take breath. It was a sorordered at once to put away the temping volume, rowful sight, too, for his mamma to find her little and go to his room and to bed.
son vanquished by the dreadful giants, and, as it Jack obeyed this command but partially. He were, lying bleeding at her feet, when she came left the apartment, indeed, but contrived to carry up to console him for his disappointment. But, bis book with him; and remained so long read seeing him yet obstinate and naughty, she was ing it by his bed-room burner, that it was no obliged to punish bim still further by keeping wonder Giant Sloth found himn an easy prey to him in his room until he should become penitent bis blandishments the next morning.
and gentle. He was only just falling asleep, as he thought, It was late in the afternoon before the conflict although he had really been many hours in bed, was over, and the "good feel” came again. Jack when Susan's tap was heard at the door. felt subdued and humble enougb, as he sat down
get up, Master Jack. Your mamma at his mamma's feet and confessed his shortsays you will have plenty of time to dress, if you comings. start up at once."
“ I shall never kill the giants, mamma-I "Ob,” said Jack, in a sleepy voice, and rub- may as well give it up.”
“Oh, no, Jack; for then you must be their conquer my evil passions and inclinations; and slave for life. But see here my son, you have then I must resolve and persevere until I do it." not on the right armour."
“That is it, dear Jack. It is just as your little “ I don't know what you mean, mamma.” hymn-book says: “Why, you have been trying entirely in your
“O, watch, and fight, and pray, own strength. But you must apply to the Great
The battle ne'er give o'er; Captain to help you in this warfare. If you
Renew it boldly evey day, Him, he will give you the shield of Faith, gaunt
And help divine implore." let your hand with Good Resolutions, and gird you with the sword of Perseverance. Then there Now if my young readers think this story is is an oil called All-Prayer, which will keep your too much about "the giants conquering Jack," armour always bright and burnished. But you let them resolve as he did, to apply for help in must ask for all these things before you can re- the right quarter, and watch as well as pray; ceive them."
and then they will know exactly how Jack con. “Oh, now I know, mamma,” cried Jack, with quered the giants, and gained the title of GIANT a sober face. “I must pray to God to help me KILLER.
DOUBLE LOVE; OR, THE TWIN SISTERS.
BY WILMOT BUXTON.
“Utrum horum mavis accipe.”- Latin Grammar.
Scarce a fortnight has past since I was saying lighted a cigar," but, for all that, my story is good-bye, and taking a last shake of the hand true, and is the history of my adventures from my old friend Percy Dalton, and his pretty in wooing Kate morrison, now Mrs. Percy young wife, as they stood on the deck of the Dalton." vessel which was to bear them and their fortune My friend then plunged into his narrative, (no inconsiderable one) to India. Dalton has which, though animated and vivid in its style, always been my greatest friend, and had proved was somewhat broken by laughter and exclama. a delightful companion on all occasions, from his tions chiefly proceeding from his auditor ; I exuberant spirits, and well-stored repository of shall therefore tell Dalton's story in my own tale and anecdote; but none of his stories ap- way: proach in excellence one which he told me Some months before this period, my friend, shortly before bis departure for India, and while staying on a visit to some relations in which same story was nothing more than the Kent, had been introduced to Major Charles true narrative of his fortunate wooing and Morrison, who, with one of his nieces, was wedding.
passing the autumn at Daleford House, a fine I had accompanied Dalton to the former home old country mansion belonging to the Major. of his wife, at Twickenham, and in the evening Dalton learnt in the neighbourhood that we were strolling in the garden together, when Major Morrison was a man of considerable my friend said suddenly, “ I have had some- wealth, and lived with two nieces, Kate and thing to tell you for some time, old fellow, and Mary, who were twins, both heiresses, and had determined to write you an account of it daughters of the Major's brother, who had died from India, but, as the sight of your wondering in India, leaving a large fortune to these his face will be half the fun of the whole matter, I only children. will tell you my story now,
if you like;
it is not Percy Dalton soon became a constant visitor very long, and has the advantage of being at Daleford House, and, being an agreeable, true.”
gentlemanly fellow, good-looking, and well con“An advantage which all your stories do not nected, he found himself advancing in the good possess, certainly,” replied 1, laughing, “but graces of his new friends. The Major, though let us hear it by all means, and here is the very somewhat punctilious on matters of etiquette, erbour designed for such a moving narrative and rather fond of being thought Sir Oracle in of real life as yours will doubtless prove." questions of dispute, was, on the whole, frank
“You may laugh,” said my friend, as he and generous, thoroughly hospitable, and soon