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slow growth, and there are many finer bloom- fruited pepper-tree grow with magnolias, palms, ing species; but none of the desert plants and cedars of Lebanon. Oranges and lemons suit their environment better. Some of these stand in many an orchard with apples and days, when only a few are left, those few peaches. Among the notable plants of the will be as famous as the dragon-trees of the State are many adopted species, such as the Canaries.
acacias and eucalyptuses of Australia, and the So much for a few of the picturesque species bamboos and persimmons of Japan. of native plants of California. But, as outlined When Americans came to California, they in the opening paragraphs of this article, the were surprised at the variations that they obhorticulturist has a claim upon this subject. served in familiar plants. The elderberry, which The fruits and flowers that he plants vary more is only slightly different from the elderberryrapidly here than elsewhere; so he produces bush of the Atlantic slope, often becomes a new and valuable varieties. California has be- tree of from two to four feet in diameter and come the paradise of the rosarian, the seed- thirty or forty feet high. This is merely a matgrower, the hybridizer, and the nurseryman. ter of local environment, rich soil, and shelter; The wild grape is used as a stock for wine and the same species is a mere shrub on the rocky raisin grapes, and, in some cases that I know hillsides of the Coast Range. The bronzeof, men have grafted Italian chestnuts upon leaved Ricinus, which makes a semi-tropic one species of the native oaks. All the hill- summer garden in front of many an Atlantic sides of the tree region, when not too steep to coast cottage, grows for year after year in Caliplow, nor too far above the sea-level, will grow fornia, until a section of its stem a foot and a the fruits and varied horticultural products of half in diameter can be obtained by any colSpain, Portugal, Italy, and southern France. lector of vegetable curiosities. Geraniums, The pomegranate is a garden shrub in many nasturtiums, tomatoes, and many other plants, districts, and the almond is a roadside tree. useful and otherwise, escape from cultivation, The drooping, acacia-like leaves of the scarlet- modify their habits of growth, and soon become
wild again. Many plants of Mexico, Peru, orchards as known in other parts of the world. Chile, the Hawaiian Islands, Australia, New All the trees will become very large, and will Zealand, South Africa, and the Mediterranean remain in health for a long time. Some of the shores have already become dangerous weeds. Riverside oranges are already magnificent The loquat, a choice fruit of Japan, is already trees, and are growing still larger. Pecans, walgrowing wild in some cañons where picnic- nuts, Italian chestnuts, the carob of Asia Minor, parties have left the seeds. Apricots, peaches, the pistachio, the olive, and a countless variety cherries, and English walnuts have been found of nut- and fruit-trees of especial beauty and in the forests - chance seedlings, growing with character, are being planted everywhere. Then, the madroños and manzanitas.
too, the habit of massing separate fruits — here The horticulturist, no less than the botanist, twenty acres of cherries, there thirty of peach has his notable trees to admire. Old olive av- or prune, and between them, perhaps, a vineenues that the mission fathers planted still re- yard or an olivarium — will always give orchard main, and some of their seedling pears are like districts a peculiar charm. When the almond forest-trees for size. The fig becomes a most striking tree when of sufficient age, not only for avenues, but as great tree-arbors. In some cases, in rich and warm soils, its drooping branches root and grow out still further, until it is like a banian for its multitude of stems, and the ground is covered in the season with its ripe fruit. I remember fig trees in Vaca Valley, in the midst of evergreen oaks, that really seem to be quite as large as the oaks themselves. The walnut groves of Santa Barbara produce the same massive and stately effect when in leaf; they quite dwarf the ordinary orchards by comparison. A great many of the fruit districts of the State will ultimately possess a sort of dignity that seldom belongs to mere
is in bloom, one country-side is full of the forests, so unlike the pineries of other States. drifted snow of almond flowers; the next week He misses the careless ease of growth, the fullanother little district, only a few miles away, ness and variety of exotic plant life. He misses begins to flush pink with peach-blossoms. much in color as well as in form. Even the The whole tendency of California horticulture buttercup season of New England, or the time seems to be toward specialization, and thus the when goldenrod is in its prime, seems cold orchards even now possess much of the attrac- and fragmentary to the Californian, who is tiveness of natural forests. As they grow old used to the sunlit hill-slopes, where wild poppies and are partly replanted, as the roadside trees and a thousand sorts of liliaceous and composite become mature, and as new orchards extend flowers grow in brilliant hosts under the cloudinto the wilder parts of the State, all men will less skies, and still bloom on and on, while the recognize the fact that California, once a great wild oats, clover, and grasses ripen to golden mining commonwealth, has become a distinc- browns and soft shades of yellow. It is true tively horticultural community, whose most that New England at its best season appears characteristic feature is the enormous range of to the Californian to be unspeakably beautiful, plant growth, wild and cultivated.
because it is so green, so fresh, so full of small Every year the broader comparison between hills and gentle woodlands sloping down to the two sides of the continent reveals increas- quiet streams: but all the while he thinks of ing contrasts. The Californian who visits the California at the time when the rains are past,
Atlantic States is impressed with the palmettos and it is like Palestine, a mountain land, the of the South, the chestnuts and elms of the home of the shepherd and the vine-dresser; North; nothing like them grows in his own he thinks of the season when valleys, foot-hills, forests. But he misses his madroños and man- and high ranges begin to glow like Italy under zanitas, his fragrant chaparral thickets, his the ardent sunlight. For more than half the tree-like yuccas, and his unequaled coniferous year, over an extent of country larger than
New England, one can sleep on the ground that the Californian carries abroad with him. without a tent, so warm and rainless a land it Against a background of snow-peaks he sees is. Still the trees grow, the flowers bloom, the the pine forests; the valleys and hillsides of singing birds come out of the cañons and dwell the foreground are filled with gardens and in the fruit-laden orchards, the whole realm orchards, for whose increasing plant wealth the ripens as a swarthy olive or a bronze-red pome- resources of the whole world
are being drawn granate. And, strange to say, the grape, fig, upon. Old mining ditches are changing to loquat, guava, and all the other exotics that irrigation canals; old pastoral counties grow came in so many diverse ways to California, famous for wines, raisins, dried fruits, and a the weeds that perplex the farmer, the fiber- multitude of plant products. Each district, plants, the insect-powder bushes from Dal- from the extreme north of the State to the exmatia, and a thousand other strangers, seem treme south, has its own peculiar advantages, as much at home as the sequoias, and each and California deserves to be characterized as in its way has helped to create the memories the land of varied horticulture.
Charles Howard Shinn.
Clashed o'er the city an hour ago;
A moon has brought her sorrowing glow,
Faint spires loom silvered; and one sees
The wet leaves flickering on stray trees;
The dumb stone flaunts their blots grotesque,
Through many an elfin arabesque -
A MOUNTAIN EUROPA.
IN TWO PARTS. - PART II.
PICTURES BY E. W. KEMBLE.
away without seeing her. Her manner had seemed a little odd, but, attributing that to illness, he thought nothing further about it To his surprise, the incident was repeated, and thereafter, to his wonder, the girl seemed to avoid him. Their intimacy was broken sharply off. When Clayton was at the cabin, either she did not appear or else kept herself busied with household duties. Their studies ceased abruptly. Easter had thrown her books into a corner, her mother said, and did nothing but mope all day, and though she insisted that it was only one of the girl's “spells," it was plain that something was wrong. Easter's face remained thin and drawn, and acquired gradually a hard, dogged, almost sullen look. She spoke to Clayton rarely, and then only in monosyllables. She never looked him in the face, and if his gaze rested intently on her, as she sat with eyes downcast and hands folded, she seemed to know it at once. Her face would color faintly, her hands fold and unfold nervously, and sometimes she would rise and go within. He had no opportunity of speaking with her alone. She seemed to guard against that, and, indeed, Raines's presence almost pre vented it, for the mountaineer was there always, and always now the last to leave. He sat usually in the shadow of the vine, and though his face was unseen, Clayton could feel his eyes fixed upon him with an intensity that sometimes made him nervous. The mountaineer had evidently begun to misinterpret his visits to the cabin. Clayton was regarded
as a rival. In what other light, indeed, could N the following Sunday morning, he appear to Raines ? Friendly calls between
when Clayton walked up to the young people of opposite sex were rare in the cabin, Easter and her mother mountains. When a young man visited a young were seated in the porch. He woman, his intentions were supposed to be called to them cheerily as he serious. Raines was plainly jealous.
climbed over the fence, but only But Easter? What was the reason for her the mother answered. Easter arose as he ap- strange behavior ? Could she, too, have misproached, and, without speaking, went within construed his intentions as Raines had ? It doors. He thought she must be ill, so thin was impossible. But even if she had, his manand drawn was her face, but her mother said ner had in no wise changed. Some one else carelessly :
had aroused her suspicions, and if any one, Oh, hit 's only one o' Easter's spells. She it must have been Raines. It was not the hev been sort o' puny 'n' triflin' o'late, but I mother, he felt sure. reckon she 'll be all right ag'in in a day or For some time Clayton's mother and sister two."
had been urging him to make a visit home. As the girl did not appear again, Clayton He had asked leave of absence, but it was 3 concluded that she was lying down, and went busy time, and he had delayed indefinitely. In