Puslapio vaizdai

fifty yards below him. His two first and finest Day in and day out we plodded on. In a bulls were obtained by hard running and good hunting-trip the days of long monotony in getshooting; the herds were on the move at the ting to the ground, and the days of unrequited time, and only his speed of foot and soundness toil after it has been reached, always far outof wind enabled him to get near enough for a number the red-letter days of success. But it shot. One herd started before he got close, is just these times of failure that really test the and he killed the master bull by a shot right hunter. In the long run, common sense and through the heart, as it trotted past, a hun- dogged perseverance avail him more than any dred and fifty yards distant.

other qualities. The man who does not give As for me, during the next ten days I killed up, but hunts steadily and resolutely through nothing save one cow for meat, and this though the spells of bad luck until the luck turns, is I hunted hard every day from morning till night, the man who wins success in the end. no matter what the weather. It was stormy, After a week at Two-Ocean Pass,' we gathwith hail and snow almost every day; and after ered our pack-animals one frosty morning, and working hard from dawn until nightfall

, labo- again set off across the mountains. A two-days' riously climbing the slippery mountain-sides, jaunt took us to the summit of Wolverine Pass, walking through the wet pods, and struggling near Piñon Peak, beside a little mountain tarn; across the bare plateaus and cliff-shoulders, each morning we found its surface skimmed while the violent blasts of wind drove the frozen with black ice, for the nights were cold. After rain in our faces, we would come in after dusk three or four days, we shifted camp to the mouth wet through and chilled to the marrow. Even of Wolverine Creek, to get off the huntingwhen it rained in the valleys it snowed on the grounds of the Indians. We had used up our mountain-tops, and there was no use trying to last elk-meat that morning, and when we were keep our feet dry. I got three shots at bull elk, within a couple of hours' journey of our intended two being very hurried snap-shots at animals halting-place, Woody and I struck off on foot for running in thick timber, the other a running- a hunt. Just before sunset we came on three shot in the open, at over two hundred yards; or four elk. A spike-bull stood for a moment and I missed all three. On most days I saw nó behind some thick evergreens a hundred yards bull worth shooting; the two or three I did see off; guessing at his shoulder, I fired, and he or hear we failed to stalk, the light, shifty wind fell dead after running a few rods. I had broken baffling us, or else an outlying cow which we the luck after ten days of ill success. had not seen giving the alarm. There were Next morning Woody and I, with the packer, many blue, and a few ruffed, grouse in the rode to where this elk lay. We loaded the woods, and I occasionally shot off the heads meat on a pack-horse, and let the packer take of a couple on my way homeward in the even- both the loaded animal and our own saddleing. In racing after one elk, I leaped across a horses back to camp, while we made a hunt gully and so bruised and twisted my heel on on foot. We went up the steep, forest-clad a rock that, for the remainder of my stay in the mountain-side, and before we had walked an mountains, I had to walk on the fore part of that hour heard two elk whistling ahead of us. The foot. This did not interfere much with my walk- woods were open, and quite free from undering, however, except in going down-hill. growth, and we were able to advance noise

Our ill success was in part due to sheer bad lessly; there was no wind, for the weather was luck; but the chief element therein was the still, clear, and cold. Both of the elk were evipresence of a great hunting-party of Shoshone dently very much excited, answering each other Indians. Split into bands of eight or ten each, continually; they had probably been master they scoured the whole country on their tough, bulls, but had become so exhausted that their sure-footed ponies. They always hunted on rivals had driven them from the herds, forcing horseback, and followed the elk at full speed them to remain in seclusion until they regained wherever they went. Their method of hunting their lost strength. As we crept stealthily forwas to organize great drives, the riders strung in ward, the calling grew louder and louder, until lines far apart; they signaled to one another by we could hear the grunting sounds with which means of willow whistles, with which they also the challenge of the nearest ended. He was imitated the calling of the bull elk, thus tolling in a large wallow, which was also a lick. When the animals to them, or making them betray we were still sixty yards off, he heard us, and their whereabouts. As they slew whatever they rushed out, but wheeled and stood a moment could, but by preference cows and calves, and as to gaze, puzzled by my buckskin suit. I fired they were very persevering, but also very excita- into his throat, breaking his neck, and down he ble and generally poor shots, so that they wasted went in a heap. Rushing in and turning, I much powder, they not only wrought havoc called to Woody, “ He's a twelve-pointer, but among the elk, but also scared the survivors out

1 Since this was written Two-Ocean Pass has been of all the country over which they hunted. included in the National Forest Reserve.

the horns are small.” As I spoke I heard the This was the end of my hunt, and a day roar of the challenge of the other bull not two later Hofer and I, with two pack-ponies, made hundred yards ahead, as if in defiant answer a rapid push for the Upper Geyser Basin. We to my shot.

traveled fast. The first day was gray and overRunning quietly forward, I speedily caught cast, a cold wind blowing strong in our faces. a glimpse of his body. He was behind some Toward evening we came on a bull elk in a fir-trees about seventy yards off, and I could willow thicket; he was on his knees in a hol. not see which way he was standing, and so low, thrashing and beating the willows with fired into the patch of flank which was visible, his antlers. At dusk we halted and went into aiming high, to break the back. My aim was camp by some small pools on the summit of true, and the huge beast crashed down-hill the pass north of Red Mountain. The elk were through the evergreens, pulling himself on his calling all around us. We pitched our cozy tent, fore legs for fifteen or twenty rods, his hind dragged great stumps for the fire, cut everquarters trailing. Racing forward, I broke his green boughs for our beds, watered the horses, neck. His antlers were the finest I ever got. tethered them to improvised picket-pins in a A couple of whisky-jacks appeared at the first grassy glade, and then set about getting supcrack of the rifle, with their customary astonish- per ready. The wind had gone down, and ing familiarity and heedlessness of the hunter; snow was falling thickly in large, soft flakes; they followed the wounded bull as he dragged we were evidently at the beginning of a heavy his great carcassdown the hill, and pounced with snow-storm. All night we slept soundly in our ghoulish bloodthirstiness on the clots of blood snug tent. When we arose at dawn there was that were sprinkled over the green herbage. a foot and a half of snow on the ground, and

These two bulls lay only a couple of hun- the flakes were falling as fast as ever. There dred yards apart, on a broad game-trail, which is no more tedious work than striking camp in was as well beaten as a good bridle-path. We bad weather, and it was over two hours from began to skin out the heads; and as we were the time we rose to the time we started. It is finishing we heard another bull challenging sheer misery to untangle picket-lines and to far up the mountain. He came nearer and pack animals when the ropes are frozen, and nearer, and as soon as we had ended our work by the time we had loaded the two shivering, we grasped our rifles and trotted toward him wincing pack-ponies, and had bridled and sadalong the game-trail. He was very noisy, ut- dled our own riding-animals, our hands and tering his loud, singing challenge every minute feet were numb and stiff with cold, though we or two. The trail was so broad and firm that were really hampered by our warm clothing. we walked in perfect silence. After going only My horse was a wild, nervous roan, and as I five or six hundred yards, we got very close swung carelessly into the saddle, he suddenly indeed, and stole forward on tiptoe, listening began to buck before I got my right leg over, to the roaring music. The sound came from a and threw me off

. My thumb was put out of steep, narrow ravine to one side of the trail, joint. I pulled it in again, and speedily caught and I walked toward it with my rifle at the my horse in the dead timber. Then I treated ready. A slight puff gave the elk my wind, and him as what the cow-boys call a “mean horse," he dashed out of the ravine like a deer; but he and mounted him carefully, so as not to let him was only thirty yards off, and my bullet went either buck or go over backward. However, into his shoulder as he passed behind a clump his preliminary success had inspirited him, and of young spruce. I plunged into the ravine, a dozen times that day he began to buck, ususcrambled out of it, and raced after him. In a ally choosing a down grade, where the snow minute I saw him standing with drooping head, was deep and there was much fallen timber. and two more shots finished him. He also bore All day long we pushed steadily through the fine antlers. It was a great piece of luck to get cold, blinding snow-storm. Neither squirrels three such fine bulls at the cost of half a day's nor rabbits were abroad, and a few Clarke's light work; but we had fairly earned them, crows, whisky-jacks, and chickadees were the having worked hard for ten days, through rain, only living things we saw. At nightfall, chilled cold, hunger, and fatigue, to no purpose. That through, we reached the Upper Geyser Basin. evening my home-coming to camp, with three Here I met a party of railroad surveyors and elk-tongues and a brace of ruffed grouse hung engineers coming in from their summer's fieldat my belt, was most happy.

work. One of them lent me a saddle-horse and Next day it snowed, but we brought a pack- a pack-pony, and we went on together, breakpony to where the three great bulls lay, and ing our way through the snow-choked roads took their heads to camp; the flesh was far to the Mammoth Hot Springs, while Hofer too strong to be worth taking, for it was just took my own horses back to Ferguson. at the height of the rut.

Theodore Roosevelt.


[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

HE site of the Transporta- lofty longitudinal central nave, which should

tion Department lies next be open to its whole height to accommodate west of the Mines and Min- those exhibits requiring considerable vertical ing Building, and in neces- space (such as aërial devices and elevators); and sary and convenient prox- two modules and a half on each side for twoimity to the railroads. In storied aisles, where road vehicles, and all other this case the specific char- means of light transportation by land or water,

acter of the exhibit must could be arranged and classified. Each aisle, as dictate even more absolutely the practical plan well as the nave, is furnished with double pitched of the structure which is to accommodate it. roofs and skylights, and the nave is carried high A very large and characteristic part of this ex- enough to permit the introduction of two ranges hibit must be locomotive engines, and other of clearstory windows, of which the lower are specimens of railroad rolling-stock. In laying circular. It was the purpose of the architects to out a system of installation for these, it was treat this double clearstory with decorative defound more convenient to arrange the rails at tail; but considerations of economy have deright angles to the length of the building, and prived us of much of this interesting interior to space them 16 feet on centers, in order to effect. Studies, however, have been made for the allow sufficient room for circulation between occupation of the triforium wall-space beneath them. Two pairs of rails, so spaced, to each these windows by a broad painted frieze, exbay gave a width of 32 feet, which thus be- tending quite around the nave, and setting forth came the constant module of dimension and poetically the history of transportation from the common divisor of the plan; indeed, this archaic to modern times. For reasons which will factor proved the basis of the whole architec- presently appear, it was consistent with their tural scheme. If it had been a few feet more scheme to finish these roofs at the ends with or less, we should have had a different building. hips, and not with gables. In fact, as is apparent in the analyses of all In considering, in outline, how these great these designs, the unit of dimension must exer- buildings have assumed definite architectural cise an influence over architectural composi- shape, we have been anxious to show that they tions analogous to that of the various terms of have grown from practical conditions by logitempo, from largo or adagio to allegro, in their cal or reasonable processes, and are not the rerelation to music. The area at the disposal sult of mere personal idiosyncrasies, imposing of the architects, Messrs. Adler & Sullivan of upon the work favorite formulas of design, which Chicago, permitted this divisor to enter thirty have no essential relations to these conditions. times into the length and eight times into the Nevertheless, these buildings, being, in their width of their building, which thus became 960 principles of growth, problems of art and not feet long by 256 feet wide, with a triangular area of mathematics or mere engineering, each has lying westward between the building and the been capable of many widely differing artistic park boundaries, whereon could be located all solutions, through equally rational processes, such annex buildings as might be required to ac- from that which it has actually received, just as commodate the rougher rolling-stock, and such the same idea would necessarily be expressed other exhibits as could not find place in the main by half a dozen masters of literature in half a building.

dozen different ways, or as the same theme would In studying the roofing and lighting of this be treated by several musical composers in sevspace, it was found convenient to set aside three eral harmonic ways, according to the personal of these modules or divisors for the width of a equation or the accident of mood of the master

[ocr errors]


Vol. XLIV.-94.




forms, and his applications of them to his composition, may be simply correct, because free from errors of architectural grammar or rhetoric; or they may be brilliant, because they are also original without caprice; surprising without evidence of effort; poetic, because of his inner light. The degrees of success range from correctness to brilliancy, and the varieties are infinite.

Now the work of Adler & Sullivan in this Transportation Building is widely different from that which they would have produced had they been placed under those restrictions which, for the reasons stated, were voluntarily and properly assumed by the architects of the Court. The former were free to use any language of form fitted to express the purposes of their building, and they were under no other limitations than those furnished by minds educated and trained in art. In endeavoring to show, therefore, how their work took shape, we shall, in this as in other cases,-carefully avoiding the attitude of criticism, which would be premature and improper, - proceed not as if the methods of development were exact and positive in a scientific sense, and recognizing that there cannot be any single, final, and only possible solution to a problem of art. No true artist ever wrote Q. E. D. under his project.

The general plan and method of accommodation being accepted, we are now in position to see how they will affect the architectural expression of the interior. We imagine the architects reasoning as follows:

It is our purpose to confer upon an object of utility an expression of fitness and beauty to utter truth, not only with correctness, but with the grace of poetic diction. In the first place, therefore, let us inclose the structure

which we have developed with a wall having 49

merely functions of usefulness. In piercing this wall for the necessary windows, let us make one large opening to correspond with each of the 32-foot bays established by our module of dimension; but let us not make these openings

so wide as to narrow the piers between them in each case. The architect uses his conven- and thus to convert what we intend to be a wall tional historic forms as the poet uses his con- into a colonnade or arcade. Let us preserve ventional historic words; both forms and words the idea of a wall-surface by keeping our piers have come down to us, modified and enriched wide, and by finishing our openings with arches by the generations of mankind through which so that the spandrel surfaces between may be they have passed, and for this reason there is added to the area of repose. But in making often a deeper significance in them than is pa- the window-openings high enough for the practent to the multitude. Architectural formulas, tical purpose of lighting the interior, we have in their various developments through centuries left only a narrow and weak wall-surface over of usage, have become symbols of the genius of them. In order to remedy this defect, and to nations; no architect can adapt them intelli- bring our wall to a height which will not be gently and successfully to his work unless his low when compared with that of our neighmind has been saturated with these inner mean- bors, we venture to build it 10 feet higher than ings, and unless he has learned to respect the is constructionally necessary, so that it shall language which he uses. The harmonious com- reach a total height of 53 feet, thus forming a bination which he may be able to make of these screen to mask the aisle-roofs behind. Now,





« AnkstesnisTęsti »