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weeks' record hunt, in behalf of The CENTURY, and most likely the American wife of Timothy Shelley, who apropos of the Shelley centennial.

became thus an ancestress of the English poet. The Timothy Shelley, born April 19, 1700, third son of Newark records show that the family of Plum was large John Shelley, of Sussex, England, emigrated to Amer- and widely connected, and might well have furnished a ica, and is said to have married here a widow named daughter or a widow to mate with the handsome young Johanna Plum, and to have had two children born Englishman. There is indeed notice of a Johanna here, and named respectively John and Bysshe. It is Plum who died March 9, 1760, at the age of fifty-two, said that Bysshe Shelley was baptized August 1, 1731, but it is difficult to decide whether she was spinster, at Christ Church, Newark. With this tradition comes wife, or widow. It is curious and apt that in the story the statement that the house at Guilford, Connecticut, of these early days there is much mention of a certain in which the poet Fitz-Greene Halleck passed the clos- Captain Giles Shelley of New York, master of the bark ing years of his life, had once belonged to an ancestor Nassau, who fell into trouble with the New Jersey of Shelley, the English poet. There are other state- authorities in 1699 by landing a cargo of contraband ments —such as that Timothy Shelley had followed goods at Woodbridge, and who lived not free from suspithe trade of apothecary in the colonies; that he had cion of strange doings upon the far high seas, and assopractised as a quack; that he had deserted his Ameri- ciation with Captain Kidd. The church records, which can wife, and that he had run away to England to avoid would tell us beyond question where and when the marhis creditors. It seemed natural to me to seek informa- riage of Timothy Shelley and the births of his two sons tion where the American land-holding was, so I turned occurred, went to feed the bivouac fire of some Hessian my attention first toward Guilford.

contingent or British troop; for it is well established The New Haven Colony came from Massachusetts that when Newark was occupied by the King's forces early in the seventeenth century, and in 1666 sent a in the Revolution, old Trinity was used as a stable for branch colony to the Passaic, so that there is close his. the horses of the troopers, and on their departure only toric connection between Guilford and Newark. In the the blackened stones of the old building remained to library of the Historical Society at New Haven there is witness the work done both by the priest who came to a carefully written manuscript of Guilford births, mar. the cure of souls at the beginning of the century, and riages, and burials, in which I found several pages of by the soldiers who came at its end to dispose of the Shelleys. Among the 162 individuals therein men- bodies of the colonists. tioned there are many who bear Old Testament baptis- In the office of the clerk of Essex County at Newark mal names, such as Shubael, Ebenezer, Benjamin, and there is a book of old colonial court reco

which conReuben, and two or three known by that of Timothy. tains the information that" at a Courte holden the 4th There is no record of any Shelley taking a wife named Tuesday of November, A. D. 1734,” Timothy Shelley Plum, maid or widow, and the name of Bysshe does not sued David Hayward for the sum of £15, and that the appear at all. Guilford still keeps its old colonial rec- sheriff returned that he had attached the body of the orus, and there I found in the vault of the office of the defendant. It also contains the entry of an action for lown clerk vellum-bound volumes containing notes of slander during the January term, 1738, wherein Timthe original apportionment of lands, minutes of boun- othy Shelley was plaintiff and John Nettle was defendary settlements, copies of wills, deeds, and bonds from dant, and the sheriff's return of arrest of the latter. the earliest date of the settlement. In these books are The original narration or statement of the cause of names of many Shelleys, from the first Robert, who suit might give us much information, but though I made came over in the Lion in 1632, and married Judith Gar. a thorough examination of the papers relating to early net of Boston in 1636, to another Robert who owned litigation which are preserved in the custody of the the land upon which the old-fashioned frame-house once Essex county clerk, I found neither the narration in occupied by Halleck now stands. From this Robert Shelley vs. Hayward, nor that in Shelley vs. Nettle. It this portion of the “home lot," to follow the descrip- appears from these papers that there was a Benjamin tion considered sufficient in the simple old days, came Shelley in Newark in 1732, and that on April 10, 1734, to Nathaniel Elliott, who gave it to his daughter Mary, one “Cunney High, Shelley's godson," was indebted the wife of Isaac Halleck and mother of Fitz-Greene to Samuel Wheaton in the sum of one shilling and one Halleck, the poet. From this, doubtless, grew the story penny. which gave the Halleck house to an ancestor of Percy The office of the Secretary of State at Newark conBysshe Shelley.

tains the colonial probate and real-estate records of The Shelleys of the seventeenth century were nearer East New Jersey, and here I found the will of a Widow to the common ancestor, and when Timothy came over Shelley, but she was of New York; her name was early in the eighteenth it may be that he found his first Heelegand, she had been a Van Horne as a maiden, welcome from kinsfolk in Guilford, and that the first and she had died in 1716, all against the hope that she American Timothy, who died at Branford in 1738, was had been the widow of Timothy. I suspect she was the named for him.

widow of the sea-rover Giles, for I find that after writA close search amongst the archives of the New Jer. ing his owners in 1699 that he had brought back with sey Historical Society in Newark revealed the existence him from “ Macadagascar to their account twelve of a Samuel Shelley who in 1776 was a soldier in the thousand pieces of eight and three thousand “ Lyon" War of Independence. The family of Plum is here dollars, he soon after loaned three hundred “Mexican abundantly evidenced by both printed and manuscript pillar pieces of eight” on a mortgage of lands on the references.

Raritan River and at Barnegat, which mortgage, as is Samuel Plum was one of the original party who came indicated by a subsequent record, appears to have come from New England. From his stock, which continued to the executor of his will. Heelegand Shelley seems prosperously in Newark for many generations, came to have had some interest in East New Jersey lands

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and this mortgage is the only record by which such an “Southern Womanhood as Affected by the War." interest is traceable.

The last place of my search was the office of the My circumstances, before and since the war, have Register of Deeds in New York city. Little thinking enabled me to judge clearly and impartially, I think, to find anything of importance there, I found the most of the ability and fairness of the views and conclusions definite and interesting of all the records. In Liber 32 of Dr. Tillett in his important paper in the November of Conveyances, at page 368, is a copy of a document CENTURY entitled “Southern Womanhood as Affected which is in form a post-obit, and is curious enough by the War.” A Southern boy, educated in Pennsylto be repeated here in words and letters as it stands vania, and when a man married to a New York woman, upon the record-book:

and subsequently the president of one of the most imRecorded for Capt. William Bryant of the City of portant of the Southern female colleges, I can confirm New York, Mariner, this 30th day of May Anno Dom. almost everything on the subject that has been said by 1743

the author of the article and the correspondents whom KNOW ALL Men by these presents that I Timo Shel- he so freely quotes. ley of Newark In America, Merchant, my heirs &c am But there is one thing I know, which Dr. Tillett held and firmly bound unto William Bryant of the City could not know, because he is so much younger a man, of New York in America, Marriner in the sum of Two and has had his observations almost entirely confined hundred pounds of Sterling money of Great Brittain to be paid to the said William Bryant, his certain attorney,

to the South. For instance, he cites the fact that be. Executors, Administrators or assigns, to which payment fore the war self-support was never thought of by well and truly to be made and Done I do bind my Self young women of good social standing in the South, my heirs Executors and administrators and every of them firmly by these presents. Sealed with my seal dated and that their male relatives would never have allowed the six day of December in the ninth year of the Reign it. Was not that just as true of the North? Since of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the grace reading the article I have reviewed my recollection of of God King of Great Britain, France and Ireland Defender of the faith and so forth and in the year of our

the state of affairs in social life, and I cannot recall a Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and thirty five. single girl of all my college acquaintances of whom that

THE CONDITION of this obligation is such that if the was not just as true as of the girls I had known in my above bounden Timo Shelley his heirs Executors or administrators shall and do well and truly pay or cause to

boyhood in the South. Fifty-three years ago I came to be paid unto the above named William Bryant his cer- New York, and the same was true of all the young tain Attorney Executor administrators or assigns the full ladies with whom I became acquainted here. Not one and just sum of One hundred pounds sterlir Great Brittain aforesaid and that so soon as he the said pursued studies that had any reference to self-supTimo Shelley shall be possessed of an Estate of the value port. I can recall the names of a number of leading Two hundred pounds a year sterling which now belongs families in the city, which then terminated on the north to his father John Shelley of Fenn place in the county of at 14th street. There was not a father in any houseSussex in Great Brittain Esq. and that without fraud or further Delay then this obligation to be void and of none

hold I entered who ever expected his daughter to be. effect otherwise to be and remaine in full force and virtue. come self-supporting; not a young man who, if the idea

TIMO SHELLEY (Seal]. had been suggested to him, would not have regarded Sealed and delivered in the presence of John Shur- his sister as forfeiting social position if she had sought MUR and THO. NIBBLETT.

to“ make her own living.” Thirty years ago I first MEMORANDUM that on the Twenty-eighth day of May

saw England, and the same was to a large extent true Anno Dom. 1743 personally appeared before me John of social life there. I am sure that at that time no titled

ruger Esqre Mayor of the City of New York Thomas lady would have dreamed of opening a large millinery Nibblett of the same city victualler and made oath upon establishment in Regent street, London. the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God that he was present and saw the within named Timothy Shelley sign seal

But now that is all changed. The last quarter of a and deliver the within written Bond or obligation as his century has altered woman's relative social condition Voluntary Act and Deed and that he the Deponent to

in all lands, and Southern women have shared the gether with John Shurmur Did at the same time subscribe their names as witnesses thereto.

general progress; and it is more remarkable in the JOHN CRUGER. South because young women in high social life there

occupied a position very nearly that of the daughters It will be observed that this bond was not recorded of the English aristocracy, though their circumstances until more than seven years after its execution. were suddenly and startlingly changed by the results

The father of Timothy had died in 1739, and, presum- of the war. ably, Timothy had returned to England, taking with I can confirm the opinion of the distinguished eduhim his children John and Bysshe, and had entered upon cator whom Dr. Tillett quotes and whom I think I the enjoyment of the “ Estate,” at least as guardian of know. While I was president of the colloge in North the interests of a lunatic elder brother. The prudent Carolina “ I had no pupils preparing for their own mariner, since he was careful to put it on record, prob- support.” In 1853 M. W. Dodd, then a publisher ably as soon as he learned that Timothy had left the whose store was in “ Brick Church Chapel,” which stood colonies, doubtless enforced his bond in England where the “ Times” building now stands, published a against the Newark merchant, “his heirs, executors, little book of mine entitled “ What Now?” It was an or administrators.” It may have been the enforcing of address to my graduating class of that year, a class this obligation which created the report that Timothy composed of young ladies, the daughters of wealthy or Shelley had absconded from his creditors on this side well-to-do planters and professional men. After the of the water, but, reasonably considered, that should war the American Tract Society desired to republish not, and no other record does, reflect discredit on his it, and, in preparing it for the general public of young honest dealing in America.

women just beginning life, the changes I was comJohn Malone. pelled to make to fit the book for its new mission show

6

1. A SUGGESTION.

II. COMMENTS BY MR. HERRESHOFF.

very strikingly the changed condition of young woman- capacity to steer altogether; and as it leaves the perhood even then.

pendicular and approaches the horizontal, it steers with Now, as one of Dr. Tillett's correspondents shows, diminished power; and, consequently,“ must be carand as I have learned from other sources, the standard of ried at an abnormal angle” to do its work. scholarship has been greatly advanced in Southern col- It will be observed that I have been stating the efleges for women. Now “twenty-five per cent. of the fect of the increased careening of the boat, and the congirls look to supporting themselves when they leave col- sequent change of the position of the rudder on its lege.” Of course “ they are most earnest and diligent steering-power alone. I have not been accounting for in the prosecution of their studies." It is to be pointed the tendency of the boat to luff under certain circumout that two things are resulting from this : (1) that stances, but only for her apparently increased disposilarge numbers are pursuing less the ornamental and tion to turn her head to the wind as she lies over on more the useful studies; (2) that the effect of their her side more, when the wind freshens, owing to the better scholarship in both departments is to stimulate diminished steering-power of her rudder as it appowerfully the other students. So while the present proaches a horizontal position. The main cause of this generation of Southern girls can never become lovelier tendency to luff is the action of the wind on her sailse than their charming grandmothers, the new order is When the boom of a sloop is swung out to leeward, producing a larger class of better-educated women. the influence of the breeze on her mainsail is the same

as the finger of the spinner on the spoke of the spinCharles F. Deems.

ning-wheel, it turns her around toward the wind

gives her a tendency to luff. If, while the sail remains The Steering of Yachts.

at this angle with the keel, the increase of the breeze

causes the boat to careen more, then the rudder loses UNDER the heading, the “ Evolution of the Modern abnormal angle to produce the required effect.”

some of its steering-power, and “must be carried at an Yacht,” appeared in the “ North American Review”

A result reached in a “rather obscure but interesting for October, 1891, an article over the signature of Lewis manner" is not quite so profitable as one the causes of Herreshoff, praising the model of the Gloriana. Of the which are clearly seen, and hence the above suggestion. form of that craft I have nothing to say either in praise or censure, because I have never seen her. If she can

Isaac Delano. outsail yachts of a different shape, that fact conclusively proves that hers is the better. Only one of the author's points do I wish to criticize. In praising the steering qualities of the Gloriana he says:

MR. DELANO has made an excellent beginning in the In vessels of the usual form, when driven by fresh science of steering by his study of the action of the rudwinds the water is piled up against the lee bow, and, der, but if it be his desire fully to perfect himself in owing to the bluff part of the bilge being wholly or pars that art, closer observation will be required. The tially immersed, the water it displaces forces the bow of the boat strongly to the windward, giving the vessel a proper office of the rudder, as a factor in steering a tendency to luff, or turn toward the wind. This “luff- sailing-vessel, is to create an equilibrium amongst seving" influence of the lee bow must be counteracted by eral opposing forces, so that the desired control may be the rudder, resulting in labor for the helmsman and loss of speed for a double reason, the obstruction caused by maintained over the movement of the vessel. the piling up of the water of displacement under the lee The careful designer seeks so to adjust the various bow, and the drag on the boat by the rudder, seeing that factors that go to make up the proper balance of a it must be carried at an abnormal angle to produce the yacht that the action of the rudder will be sufficient to required effect.

counteract any excess that one force may exert over If a boat or vessel at any time, whether running free another. The chief thing to be done is to place the or close to the wind, carries a weather helm, no mat- center of effort of the sail-area in proper relation to the ter how slight, the tendency in this direction will be center of lateral resistance of the hull. This is about all increased as the breeze freshens, causing her to careen the designer can do; he trusts to the good sense of the more and more. It is not difficult to find the reason master of the vessel to trim his sails properly, and to for this. The farther the vessel lies over on her side, keep them in as good condition as to fit and setting as the less becomes the steering-power of her rudder. If possible, all of which has marked influence on steering we could suppose her to move on after she lay upon qualities. her beam-ends, and still have a tendency to turn her The general proportions of the hull have a direct bow to the wind, the helm might be placed hard up, bearing on facility of steering, and the form also exbut it would be powerless to counteract the luffing in- erts more or less influence in the circle of forces that Auence, because, when in a horizontal position, the rud- enter into the problem. Now if these various forces der has lost all its steering-force, although it is still a would remain always in the same relation to each other, drag on the boat.

steering would be easily performed; but with every The rule is the same whether the boat is sailing in change in the force of the wind and in the angle of inrough or smooth water, and whether she has a bluff clination of the hull, new combinations are formed, and bow or a sharp one. The scow and the yacht are gov- even new forces may be set up, so that the problem of erned by the same principle; namely, when the rud- steering, which might seem simple when considered as der is in the nearest to a perpendicular position that it the rudder's work alone, really becomes often difficult ever gets,- it the stern-post is raking, it will be always and complex. Yachts of the “ English type” nearly somewhat inclined,- it exerts the greatest steering- always carry a lee helm, when sailing close-hauled or force; when it reaches a horizontal position, it loses its slightly free, in fresh breezes; yachts of the old American type, like Mucillage, require almost a horse's power officers and crew, has been omitted entirely from the to steer them under the same conditions, carrying the article: namely, Acting Master William Tallman, Jr., while an abnormal weather helm. IV. THE COMMITTEE.

of New Bedford. He it was, I believe, who was in When Gloriana and Mineola were approaching the command of the “after 11-inch pivot-gun" (not Wells', Spit in the New York Yacht Club regatta last June, the and therefore, if I am right, to him should be given the latter yacht became in a measure unmanageable, push- credit. Mr. Wells was the navigating officer, and the ing herself under the lee bow of the former yacht in a undersigned at that time was assistant navigating of troublesome and unusual manner, the Gloriana all the ficer and officer in charge of the powder and shell while being under absolute control although she car- division. It was a hot fight, and every one on board ried a heavier press of sail than her opponent. entered into the engagement with a determination to

These and many more circumstances convince me conquer or die. From the nature of our surroundings
that other influences than merely the action of the rud- there could be no skulking, no straggling, no retreat.
der enter into the problem of steering, and I must still To be defeated by the overwhelming numbers meant
adhere to my statement made in the “North American naught but death eventually by the hand of our ene-
Review,” in October, 1891, that the perfect steering mies, a fate much more horrible to contemplate than
qualities of Gloriana in a great measure are acquired to meet death amid the heat and smoke of battle.
by the peculiar form of her entrance and by her man- Mr. Griffis compliments our late commander Mc-
ner of disposing of the water of displacement under Dougal and Lieutenant-Commander and Executive
her lee bow.

Officer Young none too highly, for they truly were men
Lewis Herreshoff. of steel, modest and fearless; heroes in all the word

implies. The Battle of the “Wyoming" in Japan.

Walter Pearce, It was with much pleasure I read in the April num

Late Acting Ensign, V. S. S. "Wyoming." ber of THE CENTURY MAGAZINE the account of the United States Steamship Wyoming in the Straits of Shimonoséki, but I regret that the article should be I THANK Mr. Pearce for calling attention to my marred even by a single omission or inaccuracy. unintentional omission of the name of Acting Master

If my memory serves me rightly, “Master William William Tallman, Jr., though I was informed by the Barton" was at that time Lieutenant William H. other officers of the Wyoming that Acting Master John Barton. Acting Master John C. Mills should read C. Wells (which a mistake of the copyist made Mills) John C. Wells, of Greenport, Long Island. I regret was in charge of the after pivot-gun. Master William that the name of our ward-room messmate, an able Barton was not, as he has written me, made lieutenant officer, stanch friend, and popular with all the ship's until some time after the action.

William Elliot Griffis.
IN LIGHTER VEIN.

COMMENT.

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Along in June.
A Summer Series of Prairie Farm Fancies, by Doane Robinson.

WITH PICTURES BY E. W. KEMBLE.

1. MISTER TAPLEY.

ALONG in June
Sech craps I never seen,
The wheat stud up above knee-high
So kind of rich and blue-black green,
“I ruther calkerlate," sez I,
“I'll go to town this afternoon
And buy a bran new bind-machine."
Come night, when Jones sot on the rail
A-whinin' 'bout the 'tarnal hail
Thet give the craps a swashin',
I sez,-

,— a-pickin' up a pail,
And scoopin' up a bar'i of bail
To melt fer washin',
“Wall, I don't feel half-way so mean
Es ef I'd bought thet bind-machine."

11. HERDING.

No end of rich green medder land
Spicked out with ever' kind of poseys.
Es fer es I kin understand
They 's nothin' else on earth so grand
Es just a field of prairy roseys,
Mixed up with blue, gold-beaded plumes
Of shoestring flowers and peavey blooms.
Take it a warm, sunshiny day

When prairys stretch so ser away
Ther lost at last in smokey gray,
And hulkin' yoke-worn oxen browse
Aroun' the coteaus with the cows,-
The tipsey, stag'rin' day-old calf
Mumbles a bleat and slabbers a laugh,-
And yearlin' steers so round and slick

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Wade in the cool and sparklin' crick,
While cute spring bossies romp and play

When school was out along in June,
With Ponto, in the tall slough hay,

About the time the corn laid by,
Yeh picket out the gentle Roany,

We picnicked Friday afternoon.
And it so come thet Lit 'n'I
"Were all committee.
We sot the tables where the light
Leaked through the laughin' leaves and cast
A silver barley sieve down right
Where all the posey-pots were spread,
And chicken pie, and seeded bread,
And crusted cake, and fust and last
'Bout ever'thing there is to eat
Of hearty stuff, and sour and sweet.
And there was Lity.
She come from town to teach our school;
I tuck to her right from the fust,
But must say I were treated wust
I ever were. Along with me
On thet committee I could see
She's mad enough to hev a fit.
But what made me the maddest yit
Were when thet there confounded mule
Of beau of her'n-pleg-takéd fool —

Come from ther city.
Yer knowin', faithful, herdin' pony,
And tumblin' down upon yer back
Wher' gay, sweet-smellin' beauties bide
In posey beds, three counties wide,
You take a swig of prairy air,
With which old speerits kent compare,
And think, and plan, and twist, and rack
Yer brains, to work some scheme aroun'
To git a week to spend in town.

III. PRIDEWEED AND THISTLES.
Prideweed 'n' thistles grew so thick
The critters would n' pull the plow,-
The steer was willin', but the plaguy cow
Objected to the jagger's prick, -
So I bedeviled in the crap. 1
Nen swagg'rin' mustard come so quick,
A-struttin' smart to make a show,
The crap wa'n't give no lay to grow,
And when a drouth come down ker-slap
I see it wa'n't no ust to hoe;
By harvest-time I come to know
The toilin' farmer hed no chance,-
The laws not givin' him a show,-
So I put on my other pants,
And quit the farm 'n' squar’-off went
To jest reform the gover’ment.

The kinky, dandy, slinkin’ slim,
I seen her makin' eyes at him.
But me, committee long with her,
He got no chance to beau her ther'.
And when the exhibition come,
Old Billy Mason played the drum;
And Lity kind of bossed the show,
Proddin' the parties up to sing,
And act, and speak, and kep' the thing
A-movin' on. Fust Molly Snow
And Susie Harris
Come on the stand to wonst and spoke
The dialog' “ Aunt Sally's Joke.”
We never

hed a thing so good
Exhibit in our neighborhood.
I spoke “ Bozzaris.”
They stomped and clapped so I could tell
I'd done the thing almighty well.
But when the teacher spoke a piece,
The “ Maid of Athens," down in Greece,
We stomped enough to raise the West,
Me stompin' louder 'n all the rest,
Nen while th' infant class were singin'

1 Sowed without first plowing.

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