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on his back, as they did not all appear at once. testimony I have given, I was well acquainted This accounts in part for the varied descriptions with Mr. Marston, and knew him to be a truthgiven of him by other parties. His appearance ful and skilled seaman. He says: on the surface was occasional and but for a short time. The color of his skin was dark, differing While walking over Nahant Beach in common but little from that of the water, or the back of with many others who had been aroused by the any common fish. This is the best description I excitement, I saw in the water, within two or three can give of him from my own observation. I saw hundred yards of the shore, a singular-looking the creature just as truly, though not quite as fish in the form of a serpent. His head was out clearly, as I ever saw anything. I have no doubt of water, and he remained in view about twenty that this uncommon, strange rover, which was minutes, when he swam off toward King's Beach. seen by hundreds of men and boys, is a form of I should say that the creature was at least eighty snake, Plesiosaurus, or some such form of marine feet in length. I saw the entire body, not his animal.

wake. It would rise in the water with an unduFive other persons have given definite testimony lating motion, and then all his body would sink

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besides myself. Hon. Amos Lawrence of Boston, except his head. This would be repeated. The James Prince of Boston, Benjamin F. Newhall sea was quite calm at the time. I have been conof Saugus, and John Marston of Swampscott. stantly engaged in fishing since my youth, but

(Signed) NATHAN D. CHASE. never saw anything like this before. The Hon. Amos Lawrence of Boston writes

The eminent geologist, Dr. Dawson of Mon. of the same occurrence :

treal, Canada, gives an instance which ranges

near the above in the circumstances. I have not had any doubt of the existence of the sea-serpent since the morning he was seen off A sea-monster appeared at Maringomish, in Nahant by old Marshal Prince, through his fa- the Gulf of St. Lawrence, judged to be a hundred mous spy-glass.

feet in length. It was seen by two intelligent ob

servers, nearly aground, in calm waters, within two Mr. Benjamin F. Newhall, one of those who hundred feet of the beach. testify to the same circumstances, was an especially reliable person, a citizen of the highest Several other prominent Boston and Lynn character, well known to me for many years, names are recorded in this connection, but the and one accustomed to observe correctly and following is, perhaps, most important on acto record his observations. He says:

count of its circumstantial details.

James Prince, Marshal of the district, wrote As he approached the shore about 9 A. M., he to Judge Davis as follows: raised bis head apparently about six feet, and moved very rapidly. I could see the white spray on each side of his neck, as he plunged through is generally called the “sea-serpent." . . :I

MY DEAR JUDGE: I presume I have seen what the water. He came so near as to startle many will state that which in the presence of more than of the spectators, and then suddenly retreated. two hundred other witnesses took place near the As he turned short, the snake-like form became Long Beach of Nahant on Saturday morning apparent, the body bending like an eel. I could last. see plainly what appeared a succession of humps Intending to pass a few days with my family upon the back.

at Nahant, we left Boston early on Saturday.

On passing near the beach, I was informed that The testimony of Mr. John Marston is of the sea-serpent had been seen that day at Nahant value as coming from an experienced fisher- Beach, and that vast numbers of people had gone man. As in the case of the individuals whose from Lynn. I was glad that I had with me my

DRAWN BY FREDERICK A, LUCAS.

FRON AUTHOR'S SKETCH-BOOK.

CARCASS FOUND AT INDIAN RIVER, FLORIDA.

famous masthead spy-glass. On our arrival at the sea-serpent near his vessel. Several officers of beach, we associated with a considerable number the Norwegian navy have placed on record of people, on foot and in carriages. Very soon similar testimony. A writer of distinction in the an arrival of the fish kind made an appearance. London “ Times” of November 2, 1848, sugHis head appeared to be about three feet above water. I counted thirteen bunches on his back. gests affinity of the so-called sea-serpent with the My family thought there were more. He passed Enaliosauria, and, particularly, with the fossil three times at a moderate rate across the bay, genus Plesiosaurus. The Bombay “Times," in but so fleet as to occasion a foam in the water.

the year 1849, contained a valuable note of ocWe judged it to be from fifty to eighty feet in currences touching this subject, by R. Davidlength.

son, Superintendent-Surgeon, Indian Army. As he swam up the bay, we, as well as other Lieutenant-Colonel Steele,Coldstream Guards, spectators, moved on and kept nearly abreast of British Army, en route to India,“ saw a serpenhim. He occasionally withdrew himself under tine form corresponding closely to those dewater, remaining about eight minutes. Mrs. Prince and the coachman, having better

scribed by other observers." eyes than myself, were of great assistance to me

Mr. Gosse sums up by saying: “Carefully in marking the progress of the animal. They comparing these independent narratives, we would say,

“He 's now turning,” and by the have a creature possessing the following charaid of a glass I could distinguish the movement. acteristics: The general form of a serpent, as I had seven distinct views of him from Long seen by many observers; great length, by all”; Beach, and at some of them the animal was not etc. The author continues, after considerable more than a hundred yards distant. After we

detail:“ I express my confident persuasion that had been at the beach about two hours, the ani

there exists some oceanic animal of immense mal disappeared.

On passing over to the beach of Little Nahant, proportions which has not yet been received on our way homeward, we were again gratified into the category of scientific zoology; and my by a sight of him beyond even what we saw in strong opinion that it possesses close affinities the other bay. We concluded he had left the with the Enaliosauria of the Lias." latter place in consequence of the numbersof boats That some undescribed vertebrate animal that were chasing him, the noise of whose oars has been seen at various times, and by many must have disturbed him. We had here more individuals, several of whom fortunately were than a dozen views of him, and each similar to versed in zoology, is indisputable. the other; one, however, so near that the coachman exclaimed, “Oh, see his glistening eye ! ”

The presence of so large a creature off the

New England coast, and within the comparaWe will now place in order some testimony tively narrow bays of Lynn and Nahant; the derived from English sources. That delightful fact of its presence there during several days, English writer on zoological subjects, Philip and its being visible during many hours; its Henry Gosse, F. R. S., in his “Romance of presence near so many people as spectators, – Natural History,” devotes a long chapter to well nigh the entire populace,— who even withwhat he terms “ The Unknown," or so-called out glasses were enabled to inspect it at leisure sea-serpent. He gives us an exhaustive con- - all these are circumstances sufficiently consideration of the subject, mostly, however, by vincing to any rational mind; and are worth means of European examples. We are im- more to us in forming our judgment than all pressed, however, with the fact that the occur- the other relations of such occurrences extant. rences of this nature, as related by the New Consider how striking must have been the England observers, are vastly more striking scenes during these few days. The entire poputhan the others, as they were witnessed from lation of southern Essex and Norfolk counties the mainland.

was aroused by the wonderful tales, and great The eminent Captain Beechey, of the Royal numbers gathered on the heights and promonNavy, gave testimony to the appearance of a tories, looking down upon an area of sea which

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is hemmed in by the projecting headlands of or fore-limbs, were noticed, and a somewhat Swampscott and Nahant. How completely slender neck, which measured six feet in length. they must have scanned the unfamiliar form, The carcass was in a state of decomposition; and have watched its evolutions in the smooth the abdomen was open, and the intestines sea then prevailing. Why, no better exhibition protruded. of a great aquatic creature could have been de- The striking slenderness of the thorax as vised. All the ocean views of him, described by compared with the great length of body and many observers, were meager and unsatisfac- tail very naturally suggested to Mr. Gordon, tory compared with this. The relation of these whose reading served him well, the form of circumstances remains fresh in my memory, some of the great saurians whose bones have told by more than one who only a few years so frequently been found in several localities before had witnessed them. An uprisen people along the Atlantic coast. No cetacean known saw the sight, and some were even terrified, so to science has such a slender body and such close inshore was the monster. It should also a well-marked and slender neck. All indicabe remembered that the creature was seen at tions were suggestive of the great Enaliosauria, Gloucester, Cape Ann, and at several other and, appreciating the great importance of sepoints during those years.

curing the entire carcass, Mr. Gordon had it Only a few years since large Octopi were hauled above high-water mark, and took all found in the Mediterranean, and now, were possible precautions to preserve the bones until the simple truth here printed about the late dis- they could be removed. Through his love of coveries of gigantic squids, or cuttlefish, on science, Mr. Gordon very kindly reported these the Grand Banks, surprise would be great in- facts, and our arrangements were most ample deed. If such enormous creatures have existed, for the recovery and transportation of the bones and only lately have become known to science, to New York. Most unfortunately their pressmall wonder that the more active wandering ence was all too short. ocean saurian should escape capture.

Mr. Gordon was impressed with the conWe have now to make the first record of viction that he had found the first flesh and the actual presence on our coast of a marine — frame of the hitherto elusive creature, which probably saurian- creature of the nature of has been regarded as a tardy example of an the so-called sea-serpent.

extinct race. With no suitable implements at The facts are as follows:

hand, he was obliged to trust its safe-keeping In the spring of 1885 the Rev. Mr. Gor- to the shore above tides. He counted without don of Milwaukee, President of the United the possible treacherous hurricane ; the waters States Humane Society, chanced to visit, in the of the “Still-vexed Bermoothes," envious of course of his duties, a remote and obscure por- their own, recalled the strange waif. This was tion of the Atlantic shores of Florida. While as unexpected as undesirable. The facts, howlying at anchor in New River Inlet the flukes ever, remain. of the anchor became foul with what proved We have borrowed from Professor Cope's to be a carcass of considerable length. Mr. report of the United States Geological Survey Gordon quickly observed that it was a verte- for 1875 the figure of the Clidastes, the bones of brate, and at first thought it probably a ceta- which were found in the Bad Lands of Kansas. cean. But, on examination, it was seen to have It is placed beneath the figure drawn from Mr. features more suggestive of the saurians. Its Gordon's description of the waif. The measuretotal length was forty-two feet. Its girth was ments of both are very nearly the same. six feet. The head was absent; two flippers,

J. B. Holder.

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THE GIRL AND THE PROBLEM. .

WITH PICTURES BY F. V. DU MOND.

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T'S a great problem, of course," over bankruptcy in New York. In that time said Miss Nancy Randolph Rut- she had played many parts: she had written ledge, folding her hands in front for the papers; had taught mathematics in a of her portly person, “yet I can school; had assisted in the editorship of a new but feel that in this case Beulah and impecunious paper devoted, as its title

has chosen wisely. Genius has page stated, to developing the resources of the more rights in some ways, and in some it has South; and had given lectures on the hisless. She should n't feel that she is free to fold tory of Virginia in the parlors of some rich her talent in a napkin; she does n't.” people who could never forget - though some

“ No, no,” murmured little Mrs. Garner; times sorely tempted — that they were born “ but it seems mighty hard, and—and difficult, south of Mason and Dixon's line; and of does n't it? Do you think she minded giving late, in the midst of work upon a life of Genhim up very much? They had been engaged eral Lee, for the Southern subscription trade, so long,” she added apologetically.

she had found a new resource in the care of a “She 's absorbed in her art,” replied Miss small proportion of that army of Southern girls Nancy, impressively; “ her life is consecrated which is now constantly encamped among us. to it.”

She had three in the house with her, and deThe pair were sitting in Miss Nancy's flat voted some attention to several living elsein 97th street, and the room in itself was a biog- where. The office of chaperon suited Miss raphy. The walls were hung with what Miss Nancy; according to her all her girls were Nancy called (and I capitalize according to her lovely, - most of them beautiful,“ perfect belles sentiment) Ancestral Portraits — five of them, at home,” — and the pleasure of devoting her and wonderful things they were. In one cor- stores of garnered wisdom to their service rener was a tiny, brown old Érard piano, the first newed her joy in life. She was benevolent, Érard ever made, I should think. It was still sincerely so, and believed, with a good showcapable of sending forth an odd, pleasant eigh- ing of reason, in her power to guide and instruct teenth-century-like tinkle. Some battered old humanity at large, and also was humanly suspieces of silver, a cake-basket and a tea-pot ceptible to the charms of appreciation. The taking the honors, stood in solemn dignity on very groundwork of Miss Nancy's claims was the elaborate, shiny, new hard-wood mantel- common sense; you could see that in every piece.

line of her matronly figure, and hear it in every Miss Nancy Rutledge was an elderly and note of her pleasant, hearty voice, and in her unmarried lady, but if you allow yourself to large-featured face and bright gray eyes comturn toward her any of your usual slighting and mon sense was enthroned. condescending sentiments for spinsters, you are But, contrary to popular prejudice, human offering her the first patronage she ever re- beings are constantly rendered unknown quanceived in this world. Miss Nancy, in the kind- tities by the possession of quite contradictory est, most unconscious way, patronized creation. qualities, and Miss Nancy, to tell the truth, had Never out of the South was an unmarried woman been subject in her life to a few enthusiasms so generally and simply allowed precedence which left her common sense — sometimes for over all matrons as was given Miss Nancy in better, sometimes for worse — far behind. One her own world. It was not that these South- among those young ladies whom she now erners loved marriage less,— far from it,— called “ her girls” was the object of a venerabut that they loved intellect more; and in- tion that must be considered to have had its rise tellect was what Miss Nancy tacitly and firmly in the romantic, the higher, side of Miss Nancy's claimed to have, was supposed to have, and nature. She had known her since she was in did have, the amount thereof in question de- long clothes, but not till about a year before clining slightly with each successive step of this conversation with Mrs. Garner did she this statement.

honor her with more notice than lay in that Miss Nancy had come north to live off the general, amiable patronage of which I have enemy amid the prayers and plaudits of ad- spoken, and which she constantly dispensed miring friends, and their prayers and plaudits about her like a perfume - bergamot, say. had echoed around her throughout the five This girl was, of course, the heroine of Mrs. years in which she had gallantly triumphed Garner's speculations, so you already know

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that she had genius, an art, and a lover- one season's instruction there, and was begindecent equipment, I take it, for her position ning her second year. as my heroine.

Naturally within this year her ideas had unA little more than a year before, Miss Nancy dergone some changes, but for the greatest had visited Beulah's mother, and during that change of all — the determination not to marry visit she had conceived an entirely new idea of Tom MÖGrath — the League could hardly be Beulah. Beulah, like every other Southern girl held directly responsible. Southerners have a at home, was generally-according to the for- pleasant reputation for friendliness with stranmula-voted mighty sweet, and right pretty,– gers, because they so readily suppose others to

– that is, pretty a little, - but it was only recently be a nice people," various evidences of nicethat she had developed any special claims to ness being more conclusive in the old Southdistinction. Now Miss Nancy found that she ern world than they are at present in New was an artist, not fully fledged perhaps,-oh, York; but if Southerners do not feel sure that no; to be sure not, but unmistakably an artist; you are of their own kind, if they are even and to that title, which Miss Nancy gave only puzzled as to where you belong (according to to painters and sculptors, she bowed with the their remarkably simple ideas of classification), most curious and common blind reverence in they are little likely to be friendly, not being the world. It would be impossible to exag- apt to care for social experiments. All this is gerate the simplicity of Miss Nancy's attitude but a preface to the statement that Beulah had toward these arts; in a word, it was of that scant acquaintance with her fellow-students. familiar sort which feels an oil-painting to be She thought the young women generally given an oil-painting, and a very imposing thing too. to queer clothes, and that the young men lacked Of course Beulah did not make oil-paintings; - what she called “polish "; polish in her language with all her genius she had not yet arrived at meaning - though perhaps she had never that stage—but let us go back for a moment thought of it- deference to women. So the to the beginning of her artistic career. dear girl let her social chances for League as

When the Baptist Female College of her town sociations, with all their educational influences, added a new drawing-master to its “ faculty,” slip by her in the gentlest, firmest little way in several young ladies of society, Beulah among the world—in exactly a nice nineteen-year-old the number, had been moved by the fame of way, in fact. She was a dear girl, and she his accomplishments so far to renew their con- showed it in failing to become utterly insuffernection with the school as to take a course of able under the adulation that now-away from lessons from him. Beulah had always had the League-surged around her. This it was clever fingers; she had done beautiful“ tatting" that might be said to have brought about the when she was only a little girl, and now she momentous change I have spoken of - this distinguished herself in the drawing-class; she adulation and Miss Nancy's hearty and insiswas soon drawing her own embroidery patterns, tent fostering of all the dreams it excited. Miss and beginning her ascent of that pinnacle of Nancy had just been explaining Beulah's presfame on which ere long she was to sit enthroned. ent position to Mrs. Garner. Mrs. Garner was She enjoyed this new outlet for her abundant a friend who lived in Beulah's home county, energies, and in the nature of things she en- and was now visiting New York. joyed the new consideration she won. She be- “She took a great many sketches home with gan to feel a certain tradition-born awe of her her last summer,” said Miss Nancy, “and own gifts. Her position toward art was exactly everybody was astonished. I reckon a great Miss Nancy's own; she felt for it, or rather for many people felt that it was a great pity to see the name, the superstitious, unsympathetic ven- a girl with gifts like that just settle down into eration which some philosophers explain as a the ordinary humdrum.” result of art's dependence on religion in the “ The duties of a wife and mother," began middle ages. At any rate, when Beulah found Mrs. Garner, with slightly agitated solemherself making a recognizable sketch of the wa- nity - she was very humble with Miss Nancy, ter-pitcher,- for the new master was very ad- but the “ordinary humdrum” was a phrase vanced, and insisted on study from the object, -- that provoked even her to turn to the arsenal her heart palpitated with the magnitude of the of platitudes for a weapon. She had it in her dreams of glory that floated in upon her mind. heart to try to remind Miss Nancy that the Then came Miss Nancy. Miss Nancy gazed most important offices of life were the very ones upon the water-pitcher and the flower-embroi- she had never been called upon to fill. dery patterns with profound emotion. She urged But little could she cope with Miss Nancy, Beulah to come to New York and have the who, secretly amused, swam beneficently on best instruction, and finally Beulah came. By with the conversation, wishing to soothe the chance she fell upon the plan of going to the little woman's feelings, and without the faintArt Students' League; and now she had had est conception of the complexity of her senti

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