Puslapio vaizdai

speculation of any justifiable sort is a strenuous occupation, requiring constant study and quick action. It is a business for the person with a ticker at his elbow and the latest Moody's Manual on his knee. It is no pastime for investors.

To bicker over that degree of wholefund safety having which a person should be designated 'investor,' and lacking which he should be dubbed 'speculator,' is futile. There is no way of determining safety content and no way of enforcing adherence to any particular percentage. Suffice it to say that the investor requires a reasonable maximum of safety, he requires it under all contingencies, and thereafter he requires profit.

For safety's sake the investor usually adopts the principles of averaging, proportioning, examining, and regular inspection. He gives a reasonable amount of time to the study of conditions, of media, and of issues. It is not within his province, however, constantly to study the New York or other stock markets with a view to profiting through buying and selling operations. He is not in the business of making 'quick turns,' of trying to profit by 'ups and downs.' He does not stand with feet braced, his eye on the fire escape, ready for a race to safety. It is the investor's business to secure income and appreciation through the operation and growth of sound enterprises, not through their price fluctuations.

[ocr errors]

When the investor buys a stock he plans to become a partner of successful managers. For his partnership he pays only what he considers a fair price under existing conditions. If a few days after it is purchased someone should offer him more even a great deal more than he paid for his partnership, he would not sell it. On the contrary, if a few days later no one could be found to offer as much as he paid for it, he would experience no regret. He is prepared to see the price fluctuate, down as well as up. He has not bought price. He has bought value,

which sooner or later determines price.

Large banks, trust companies, insurance companies, hospitals, and colleges are often sound investors. Expert financiers are on their boards. Do these institutions sell their bonds and stock in high markets and rebuy in low? They do not. If this can be done safely and successfully over a period of time, why do they not? The answer is that they are investors, not speculators. Their managers are in the business of running banks, hospitals, and colleges, not in the business of chasing prices. Speculation is a poor business to combine with other enterprise.

In his recent annual report the president of a leading life insurance company said, 'I would not have you suppose that we ever speculate. We do not. We, of course, do not hesitate to sell bonds or other fixed-interest securities when they rise to such premiums that the yield is no longer satisfactory, but when we buy a stock we buy for permanent investment; we buy to keep, and we never sell merely because the market value may have risen to a high figure.' In these days of extensive corporate publicity, daily quotations, and feverish interest, it is not difficult for the investor to lose his perspective and become a speculator. Unless he has a definite and practical investment plan he may lose his peace of mind and depart from sound policies. If he succeeds, for example, in selling certain of his holdings at a good profit, his advantage is usually short-lived because, if and when prices later fall. he is likely to remain out of the market too long, awaiting still lower prices and seeking still greater profits.

The investor should own securities having an upward trend. To be in and out of the market against an upward trend is not sound, not profitable. Maximum safety and profit, the objective of investors, can be attained only through the liberal exercise of that most uncommon virtue patience. A. VERE SHAW


Nature Stands Sponsor for these two Utilities

VATER-As a public utility, NAT

Water antedates the Roman ueducts, which antedate the Chrisn Era. Age has proved the duraity of water works systemsnmon experience recognizes them indispensable-modern engineerand finance have linked indidual plants into large, efficient stems which enjoy the full benefits unified management and operation.

ATURAL GAS-First put to practical use more than a century ago, Natural Gas has approximately three times the annual consumption of manufactured gas. Simple to produce and distribute over great distances, economical, reliable and efficient, Natural Gas is the accepted fuel for homes and industries throughout those favored areas where it is available.


Natural Gas and Water stand closer to nature than other utili-
ties, in source of supplies and in the human needs they satisfy. We
offer securities of leading systems in these two fields, combining basic
security with better-than-average yield. . . . Write for descriptions.

[blocks in formation]

Associated Gas and Electric Company

(Incorporated under the Laws of the State of New York, U. S. A.)

[blocks in formation]

The aggregate of funded debt and stocks of underlying companies, including $17,979,500 of Associated Electric Company, 4%% Gold Bonds, due 1953, outstanding with the public.

[blocks in formation]



[blocks in formation]

Vice-President, National Bank of Commerce in New York

[blocks in formation]

Copies of Annual Report for 1927 and Balance Sheet at May 31, 1928 reflecting recent financing of Associated Gas and Electric Company are now ready.

61 Broadway, New York City

[ocr errors]
« AnkstesnisTęsti »