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and I have only attempted to provide a working one to which reference on specific subjects can easily be made.
Finally I should like to hope that this study in Canadian history will be received as at least objective in spirit. I am quite conscious that I may have made interpretations which are incomplete or even invalid, and that I may have over looked material which would alter or modify my conclusions. On the other hand, I have tried to follow the development with as great detachment as possible, and all that I can venture to hope is that I have made a contribution to Canadian history not quite unworthy of its romantic development, its social values, its political import, and of the genuine pleasure which it has given me since my residence in Canada.
It would be impossible for me to acknowledge in detail the generous help which I have received from many friends both in England and in Canada, and I can only ask them to accept this general acknowledgement of their kindness and interest. I owe, however, debts which require more definite payment. To Professor R. M. MacIver, University of Toronto, I am under the greatest obligations, and in the dedication I attempt not merely to acknowledge these, but to record a friendship which lies deeper than a common interest in history would suggest. To Dr. A. G. Doughty and Dr. Adam Shortt I owe a sincere debt. I take this opportunity to place on record my appreciation of the services which they have rendered to historical research through the Dominion Archives and the Historical Manuscript Commission of Canada. I should also like to add that Dr. Doughty has gone far beyond his official duties to help me, and that he has freely placed at my disposal on every occasion not only his own services but those of his assistants. Colonel Fraser, Archivist of Ontario, has given me the greatest assistance, and has directed me to material which has helped to fill in the picture. Professor G. M. Wrong, University of Toronto, has taken an active interest in the book as it was written, and if I have escaped gaucheries into which a writer who is not a Canadian might easily fall, I owe it to him. Mr. W. S. Wallace has given me, especially in the earlier chapters, the benefit of his knowledge of Canadian history. Mr. C. R. Fay, Christ's College, Cambridge, has kindly read my manuscript and has given me many important suggestions. My wife has seen the book through the press and has compiled the index. My last acknowledgement is to the late Professor A. H. F. Lefroy, University of Toronto. For three years before his death he and I worked through carefully the cases in constitutional law while preparing his Short Treatise on Canadian Constitutional Law for publication. We discussed their bearing and importance, and in determining the form of his work we mutually agreed on many phrases and generalizations. Almost naturally I have fallen back on these, and I acknowledge my obligations elsewhere. I cannot, however, let this book go to the press without a recognition of Professor Lefroy's insight into Canadian federalism, and of a friendship which was so courteously willing to guide me in a new and difficult field.
CHAPTER IV. THE RÉGIME MILITAIRE!, 1759-64
The interest of the period—The organization of the districts of
The Proclamation of 1763–Murray's Commission and Instructions-
Early note of repression-Opposition --The growth of conciliation-
The organization of the Province— The first Legislature and racial
Reformers, Weekes, Thorpe, Wyatt, Willcocks, Jackson, Firth--The
The French-Canadian group—The recognition of French nationality
Durham's arrival and proclamation - His preconceived scheme of