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known as " New Cuttings," the greatest proportions of even the best rags we get a e-what? Why, the shirts, bed and table linen, and all other articles of consumption, worn and washed until they are half rotten, and are beginning to fall to pieces. They are then in a fit state for the paper-maker, who is expected to produce from this half-rotten material perfectly sound paper of the best quality! This is no fanciful picture, but one which will come home to the understanding of any man of common sense, who may give himself the trouble to reflect at all upon the subject.

Then what are the fibres, the product of, and proposed supply from, our own Colonial possessions? They are the pure virgin material, in its native state, from which are produced, by spinning, weaving, and bleaching, those "New Cuttings" so prized at a high value by the best paper-makers; but which said New Cuttings" have to be torn to pieces by violent means, and reduced to their primitive element of fibre, before they can be brought to a state of pulp fit for the machine.

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Can there be any doubt, then, with reference to the question of paper, that sound policy must dictate the extensive procurement of that material, the production of our own territories, which will establish the reputation of English paper on a firm basis, and give extensive relief to other and various manufactures; if there be any man who, upon reflection, can entertain doubts of such a policy, that is not the man to whom these observations are addressed.

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MEETINGS FOR THE ENSUING WEEK. Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall, 5.-Rev. Dr. Booth, "On the Induence of Examination as an Instrument of Education,"

Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall, 8. Mr. Hullah, "On Music as an Element of Education." TUES. Horticultural, 3. Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall, 5.-Rev. Professor Baden Powell, "On Elementary Instruction in Mathematics."

WED.

FRI.

Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall,
8.-Mr. Sopwith, "On Models and Diagrams."
Zoological, 9.

Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall,
3. Rev. J. P. Norris, "On School Discipline, and its
Effects on the Behaviour of Children.'
Royal Botanic, 3.-Promenade.

THURS. Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall,
3.-Rev. Professor Balen Powell, "On Elementary In-
struction in Astronomy by Means of Models."
Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall,
5.-Dr. R. G. Latham, "On the Studies connected with
Geography, and on the Relations of that Science to other
Branches of Knowledge." No. 5 of a Series.
Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall,
8.-Hon. Henry Barnard (Superintendent of Common
Schools in Connecticut, U.S.), "On the Public Schools
of New England."

SAT.

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343. Indian Corn, &c.—Return.

480. Gold-Return.

189. Bills-Militia (Scotland).
201. Bills-Royal Military Asylum.

Delivered on 14th July, 1854.
306. Orduance-Supplementary Estimate.
202. Bills-Jamaica Loan.

203. Bills-Medical Graduates (University of London, as amended in Committee and on Recommitment.)

New York Industrial Exhibition-Special Report of Mr. Dilke.
Promotion in the Army-Report of Commissioners.
Delivered on 15th and 17th July, 1834.

361. British Museum-Return.

362. Ships "Hope" and "Leila" (Bahamas)—Return.
367. Public Houses-Report from the Committee.
372. Bishop of New Zealand-Copies of Letter, &c.
302. Statute Law-Second Report of Mr. Bellenden Ker.
301. Statute Law-Report of Mr. Bellenden Ker.
371. Standing Orders Revision-Report from the Committee.
173. Bills-Court of Chancery, County Palatine of Lancaster.
207. Bills-Convict Prisons (Ireland) (amended).
208. Bills-Criminal Procedure (amended).
210. Bills-Burials beyond the Metropolis.
211. Bills-Sale of Beer, &c.

212. Bills-Medical Graduates (Ireland and Scotland).
198. Bills-Spirits (Ireland).

203. Bills-Standard of Gold and Silver Wares (amended).
216. Bills-Criminal Justice Metropolis) (amended).
214. Bills-Cruelty to Animals-Lords Amendments.

Prisons of Ireland-Thirty-second Report of the Inspectors
General.

Turnpike Trusts-Abstract of the General Statements.
Jamaica (Legislative Proceedings)-Papers.
Queen's College, Belfast-Report of the President.

Delivered on 18th July, 1854.
302. (1). Statute Law-Third Report of Mr. Bellenden Ker.
357. Sugar-Account.

360. Aberavon Municipal Charter-Copy of Report.
201. Bills-Piers and Harbours (Scotland) (amended).
213. Bills-Oxford University (as amended by The Lords).
215. Bills-Benefices Augmentation (amended).
217. Bills-Indian Appointments, &c.

Delivered on 19th July, 1854.
218. Bills-Stamp Duties (amended).
376. Metropolitan Sewers-Copy of a Letter.
219. Bills-Ruturning Officers (amended).
220. Bills-Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.
221. Bills-Stock-in-Trade Exemption.
221. Bills-Common, &c., Rights (Ordnance).
225. Bills-Mines Taxation (Ireland).
226. Bills-Bleaching, &c. Works.

PATENT LAW AMENDMENT ACT, 1852.

APPLICATIONS FOR PATENTS AND PROTECTION ALLOWED.

[From Gazette, July 14th, 1854.]

Dated 2nd May, 1854.

Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall,
5.-Professor Creasy, "On the Relations of History,
Biography, and Political Economy to other Branches of 1210. L. J. Molinos and C. Prounier, Paris-Locomotive steam en-
Knowledge." No. 6 of a Series.

979. T. Jackson, Commercial road, Pimlico-Manufacture of paper.
Dated 31st May, 1854.

Society of Arts Educational Exhibition, St. Martin's Hall, 8. Mr. Jelinger Symons, "On Industrial Schools."

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gines.

Dated 22nd June, 1854.

1366. W. Stidolph, 1, Wintoun place, Greenwich-Book marker. 1368. G. Simpson, 8, Union buildings, Leather lane-Furnaces. 1370. W. H. Brown, Sheffield-Furnaces for melting steel, &c. 1372. A. E. L. Bellford, 16, Castle street, Holborn-Machinery for forging iron. (A communication.)

1374. A. E. L. Bellford, 16, Castle street, Holborn-Grate bars. (A communication.)

1376. A. P. Price, Margate-Alloys of tin.

1378. G. Ermen, Manchester-Winding yarns.

Dated 23rd June, 1854.

1386. C. Phillips, Offchurch-Reaping machinery. 1391. D. C. Knab, Paris-Carburets of hydrogen.

1383. A. E. L. Bellford, 16, Castle street, Holborn-Propelling. (A communication.)

1385. A. E. L. Bellford, 13, Castle street, Holborn-Picking cotton and other fibrous materials preparatory to carding, &c. (A communication.)

1387. J. Weild, Glasgow-Preventing drainage waste of cargoes on shipboard.

1388. J. Keyse, 2, Apollo buildings, Walworth-Loading small arms. 1389. T. J. Dimsdale, Hadley-Gas.

1391. R. Garrett, jun., Leiston works, near Saxmundham-Valves for working steam expansively.

Dated 24th June, 1854.

1393. H. Lightbown, Pendleton-Drying pulp.

1395. R. A. Brooman, 166, Fleet street-Projectile and plug. (A communication.)

1397. R. A. Brooman, 166, Fleet street-Mill for grinding paints, &c. (A communication.)

1399. J. Thomson, Newton le Willows-Sugar manufacture. 1401. R. Bottomley and H. Spencer, Rochdale, and D. Schofield, Oldham-Spinning machinery.

Dated 26th June, 1854.

1403. E. Hubner, Mulhouse-Machinery for preparing wool, &c. 1407. W. Palmer, Sutton street-Candle lamps. 1409. T. H. Bakewell, Leicester-Glass.

Dated 27th June, 1854.

1411. W. Brindley, jun., Moorgate street-Life-boats.

1413. C. H. Collette, 57, Lincoln's inn fields-Becr. (A communi

cation.)

1415. R. A. Antrobus, Birmingham-Printing oil cloth. 1417. C. Iles, Birmingham-Metal bedsteads.

1419. P. A. le Comte de Fontaine Moreau, 4, South street, Finsbury -Aerated waters. (A communication.)

Dated 28th June, 1854.

1421. J. Brunlees, Manchester-Drawbridges.

1423. E. Cockshutt, Preston-Bungs.

1425. T. Schloesing, Paris-Carbonates of soda.

Dated 29th June, 1854.

1427. W. J. Bisseker, Birmingham-Labelling bottles, &c.
1428. C. S. Sperry, Connecticut, U.S.-Knitting machine. (A com-
munication.)

1429. T. Markland, Hyde-Weaving, &c., machinery.
1430. W. Smith and W. B. Hayes, Manchester-Power looms.

Dated 30th June, 1854.

1431. E. J. Hughes, Manchester-Sewing machines. (A communication.)

1432. J. Edwards, Manchester-Railway chairs. 1433. D. T. Shears, Bankside-Curing sugar. (A communication.) 1434. L. F. Izart, 4, South street, Finsbury-Removing organic vegetable substances from woollen fabrics.

1435. W. T. Monzani, 9, St. James's terrace, Blue Anchor roadFolding chairs and stools.

1436. W. Thompson, jun., New York-Steam regulator. 1437. H. G. Gray, Commercial wharf, Mile End road-Preserving potatoes, roots, &c.

1439. T. Slater, Somers place West, and J. Tall, Crawford stree!. Marylebone Planes and cutting apparatus.

1440. J. H. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Winding thread. (.\ communication.)

Dated 1st July, 1854.

1441. R. L. Jones, Chester-Locks and keys.

1442, J. Hulme, Manchester-Steam engines and valves.

1444. J. H. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Submarine navigation. (A communication.)

1445. J. H. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Stoppers for bottles. (A communication.)

1446. G. Hutchison, Glasgow-Soap.

1447. J. Wilder, Reading-Agricultural rollers and clod crushers.

INVENTIONS WITH COMPLETE SPECIFICATION FILED.

1513. P. F. Aerts, Brussels-Railway rolling stock and the lubrica tion thereof.-11th July, 1854.

1515. T. F. Henley, Brompton-Preparation of colouring materials. -11th July, 1854.

WEEKLY LIST OF PATENTS SEALED. Sealed July 14th, 1854.

bination of fatty and resinous bodies, and vegetable and other wax for the manufacture of candles; also in the preparation of a wick to be used for the same.

185. Edward Batten Walmsley, of Middle mall, HammersmithImprovements in utensils, implements, and apparatus for the purposes of lighting, heating, and cooking. 238. Louis Christian Koeffler, of Rochdale-Improvements in machinery or apparatus for preparing, dressing, and finishing yarns or threads.

239. Louis Christian Koeffler, of Rochdale-Improvements in the method or process of scouring, washing, and oiling wool and other textile materials, for the purpose of spinning, and in the machinery or apparatus connected therewith.

251. William Guest, of Lion square, Sneinton-Improvements in machinery for making whips, parts of which improvements are also applicable to the manufacture of braids and wire Edwards Cole, of Hemmings row-Improvement in the frames of travelling bags.

282.

nets.

310. John Dalton, of Hollingworth-Improvements in the con. struction of bowls or cylinders employed in printing and other processes, and which improvements may also be adapted to other mechanical appliances.

336.

Gregory Bird, of Glasgow-Improvements in the sub-structures or foundations of buildings.

568. John Holley Swan, of Glasgow-Improvements in the tuyeres of blast and other furnaces and fires.

610. Albert Wentworth Conner, of 3, Crooked lane, Cannon street -Improvements in the apparatus used for moulding bricks and lumps.

611. John Holley Swan, of Glasgow-Improvements in drying bricks, tiles, and other articles made of brick earth.

786. George Francis Wilson and James Monroe Whiting, of the State of Rhode Island, U.S.-Improvements in the manufacture of wood screws.

964. John Evans, of Abbots Langley-A new manufacture of paper. 1004. William Exall, of Reading -Improvements in machines for cutting straw and other such materials.

1084. John Chedgey, of the Grove, Southwark-Improved manufac ture of rollers and cylinders applicable to various kinds of machinery where a smooth, hard, and regular surface is required.

Sealed July 18th, 1854.

135. Charles William Rowley Rickard, of 5, Great Charlotte street, Blackfriars road-Improvements in cocks and taps. 136. Henry D rcks, of 32, Moorgate street-Improvements in safety apparatus, applicable to certain boilers and stills. 148. George Grace and Thomas Francis Jones, both of Birmingham-Improvements in boots and shoes; as also boot and shoe socks or inner soles, whereby the same are rendered waterproof.

153. Peter Spence, of Pendleton, near Manchester-Improvements in manufacturing the prussiates of potash and soda. 156. Andrew Shanks, 6, Robert street, Adelphi-Improvements in machinery for punching and sheering metals. 172. Richard Archibald Brooman, of 166, Fleet street-Improvements in extracting copper from the ore.

202. Alphonse Cajetan de Simencourt, of Paris-Improvements in composing and distributing type.

258. John Dewar Morrison, of Sunderland-Improvements in winches.

320. David Brown, of Smethwick, and John Brown, of West Bromwich-improvement or improvements in the construction and manufacture of axles for railway and other carriages. 392. Benjamin Weston Wells, of Windmill lane, Camberwell—Improvements in printing floor and other cloths. 408. Join Ramsbottom, of Longsight, near Manchester-Improvements in welding.

418. John Henry Johnson, of 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Improvements in machinery for making matches. (A communication.)

1006.

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Edwin Haseler, of Wolverhampton-Improvement or improvements in ornamenting metals, papier maché, horn, and shell.

Josiah Penton and James Mackay, of Chippenham-Improvements in the construction of railway wheels and tyres. Alfred Vincent Newton, of 66, Chancery lane-Improved mode of separating granular substances of different degrees of fineness.

William Edward Newton, of 66, Chancery lane-Improved machinery for cutting or shaping wood or other materials. James Horsfall, of Birmingham-Improvement or improvements in the manufacture of wire tor pianofortes and other musical instruments.

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No. 88. Vol. II.] JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF ARTS.

[JULY 28, 1854.

At this interview, Mr. Winkworth entered

Journal of the Society of Arts. very fully into the points above-mentioned, par

FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1854.

PARIS UNIVERSAL EXHIBITION OF

1855.

ticularly into that which refers to the facilities to be afforded to English workmen to visit Paris next year, in which he was materially assisted by Mr. George Clark, who was able to supply His Majesty with much practical information. The Emperor was pleased to express his hearty approval of the proposition, which he characterised It will be remembered that Mr. Winkworth as one of great importance; made some very was deputed a short time since by the Council useful suggestions; and, after alluding to the to visit Paris, with reference to the Educational series of buildings now in course of erection, Exhibition, and also to bring before the notice under the superintendence of Mr. Clark, in the of the French authorities the desire of the So-Faubourg St. Antoine, intended for the accomciety to facilitate the visits of artizans and others modation of French workpeople, and containing to the Paris Exhibition next year. 400 separate apartments, well ventilated and

As one mode of more effectually accomplish-drained, concluded an interesting discussion by ing these objects, he was recommended to seek remarking that the occupation of them in the an audience of the Emperor, and having been first instance by English artizans would be an introduced by H.E. Lord Cowley to M. Fould, appropriate inauguration of the buildings. These Mr. Winkworth, at the instance of the latter, buildings are to be succeeded by similar estabimmediately wrote the following letter, which lishments in other parts of Paris, on a still more was shown to His Majesty, and resulted in an extensive scale. His Majesty then desired Mr. appointment at St. Cloud: Clark to confer from time to time with M. Fould, who assisted at the audience, on all points connected therewith; and said that Viscount Ebrington, the Chairman of the Committee at the Society, might depend upon such cordial co-operation and assistance as it might be in the power of himself and his government to afford.

Hotel de Castille, Paris, June 26th, 1854.

Monsieur le Ministre,-I avail myself of your suggestion to explain in writing the immediate occasion of my visit this morning, with a letter of introduction from His Excellency, Lord Cowley. It was to obtain the gracious consent of H.I.M. to assist the Society of Arts of London in the following objects:

1st. To initiate arrangements for the reception of large numbers of the work-people of England, who, it is expected, will be desirous of visiting the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855, if means can be found for their accommodation at a moderate expense.

2nd. To receive such introductions to the Directors of Public Schools in Paris, as may enable me to ascertain whether there are any educational appliances sufficiently new and important to be sent to the Exhibition in London, which will be inaugurated by H.R.H. Prince Albert, the President, on the 4th July.

3rd. To suggest to H.I.M. the propriety of a gentleman, conversant with the economy of public instruction being accredited to our Educational Exhibition, for the purpose of conferring with H.R.H. and the Society on all points connected therewith.

On the first of these objects, I have been in communication with Mr. George Clark, of this city, who is already engaged in the establishment of lodging-houses for French artizans, and we have reason to believe that, with Imperial sanction and patronage, all that we have in view may be accomplished.

If, therefore, it should consist with the convenience of H.I.M. to honour us with an audience, we could explain in a few minutes these matters; and this is the more desirable, as it is the opinion of the Council of the Society of Arts (of which I am a member) and of His Excellency Lord Cowley, that the public announcement in the English journals, that at such a reception H.I.M. was pleased to express his desire to promote these objects, the moral effect would be very salutary in my country.

As illustrative of the importance attached to the working man's question, I enclose a copy of the resolution appointing a special committee for the purpose of taking active measures to promote it.

I have the honour to be, &c.,
(Signed) THOMAS WINKWORTH.

Monsieur le Ministre d'Etat.

Mr. Winkworth was equally successful in the other points which he was instructed to bring before His Majesty's notice,-the presence of M. Milne Edwards in this country, specially deputed to visit and report on the Educational Exhibition, and many of the contributions to the foreign department being the result of his exer

tions.

Educational Exhibition.

Many articles of considerable novelty and interest, which have recently arrived from France, Holland, Prussia, Belgium, and other foreign countries, are now to be seen in the foreign department, and have been added to the catalogue. Mr. C. F. Audley, of Paris, who has been long and actively engaged in collecting materials for the Exhibition, reports that in addition to the facilities afforded him by M. Fortoul, Ministre de l'Instruction, &c., he has been very successfully assisted by M. Sarrazin the municipal inspector of schools at Paris, and by M. Merruans, to both of whom the best thanks of the friends of education are eminently due.

The Council wish to direct especial attention to the following important declaration :

:

We, the undersigned, having in view the very interesting and instructive character of the Educational Exhibition now opened at St. Martin's Hall, in Long-acre, by the

Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, commend the same to the attention of all persons professionally or otherwise concerned in education, whether general or special, whether of young persons or of adults, whether of the rich or of the poor.

The Exhibition illustrates the actual condition of education, not only in the United Kingdom and some of the colonies, but also in France, Belgium, Holland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, and the United States; and is highly suggestive of improvements in the modes and means of public and private instruction. We are desirous that all persons engaged in education, and especially the teachers of normal and elementary schools, should be enabled to profit by the advantages which this Educational Exhibition is calculated to confer upon those who carefully study it; and we invite the civil authorities, ministers of religion, patrons and managers of schools, and all persons of authority and influence, to promote the making of arrangements which may enable scholars, tutors, governesses, schoolmistresses, and others engaged in Education, to resort to London, and to visit the Educational Exhibition before the 31st of August next, when it must necessarily close.

N. Adler, Dr. Chief Rabbi.

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T. W. Allies, Secretary Catholic Poor School Committee Harrowby
Argyll

Matthew Arnold, H.M. Inspector of Schools
Ashburton

Auckland-Bath and Wells

Harry Baber, M.A., Chaplain and Secretary of the Whitelands Training Institution

Edward Baines, President of the Yorkshire Union of

Mechanics' Institutes

Thomas Bazley, Manchester

Samuel Best, M.A.

William Bird

William Frederick Harrison

B. Waterhouse Hawkins

J. W. Hernaman, H. M. Inspector of Schools Arthur Hill, Bruce Castle, Tottenham Frederick Hill, General Post Office

James Hill

George C. Hodgkinson, Principal of Training School,

York

Henry Thomas Hope

I. S. Howson, M.Â., Principal of the Collegiate Institution, Liverpool

William Birley, M.A., H.M. Assistant Inspector of Edward Hughes, F.R.A.S., Head Master of the Royal

Schools

James Booth, D.C.L., F.R.S.

Joseph Boulden, Parochial School, Clapham

H. G. Bowyer, H.M. Inspector of Workhouse Schools

C. H. Bromby, M.A., Principal of Cheltenham Training School

W. H. Brookfield, H.M. Inspector of Schools

Naval Lower School, Greenwich Hospital William Hughes, Training College, Highbury John Hullah

Joseph Hume, M.P.

Robert Hunt, F.R.S.
William Hutt, M.P.

G. A. Jacob, D.D. Christ's Hospital

R. W. Browne, M.A, Ph. Doctor, King's College, Thomas James, Secretary of the Colonial Missionary

London

J. B. Cantuar

Society.

H. Longueville Jones, H.M. Inspector of Schools

W. W. Cazalet, General Superintendent Royal Academy W. J. Kennedy, H. M. Inspector of Schools

of Music

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E. Perry, M.P.

S. Morton Peto, M.P.

The Council of the Society of Arts requests the attention of the Members to the following statement:

It is calculated that the total expenses of the Educational Exhibition, with the accompanying Lectures, Conversazioni, Conferences, &c., &c., if it receive the full

Thomas Phillips, Honorary Secretary Welsh Education development which its great importance requires, will not Committee

Wyndham Spencer Portal

T. G. Portlock, Lieut.-Colonel R.E., F.R.S. Inspector
of Studies, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich
Boden Powell, F.R.S.

Cipriani Potter, Principal of the Royal Academy of
Music, London

A. Bath Power, M.A., Principal of Norwich Diocesan
Training Institution

A. G. Ram, M.A., Vicar of West Ham
John William Ramsden, Bart., M.P.
Samuel Redgrave

James M. Rendel

John S. Reynolds, Honorary Seeretary to the Home and
Colonial School Society

George Croke Rowden, D.C.L., Clerk, Principal of Temple
Grove School, East Sheen, formerly Fellow of New
College, Oxford

C. Richson, M.A., Cathedral, Manchester

Arthur Rigg, Principal of Normal School, Chester
J. C. Robinson

A. Roche

William Rogers, M.A, St. Thomas Charter House

Joshua Ruddock, H. M. Inspector of Schools

J. Russell, M.P., Lord President of the Council

be less than £2,500. The Special Subscriptions for this object amount at present to only £1021 11s. 6d., including a subscription of £100 from H.R.H. the President. A considerable sum will probably be received as fees for admission, but further Subscriptions are urgently required; and it is hoped that many Members of the Society, who have not already contributed to the Special Fund for the expenses of the Educational Exhibition, may still be willing to give their aid to enable the Council to carry out the undertaking in a manner worthy of the Centenary Jubilee of the Society.

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Francis R. Sandford, Assistant Secretary to the Committee | ON MODERN DISCOVERIES BY THE MICROSCOPE. BY T. of Council on Education

W. Wilson Saunders, F.R.S.

Benjamin Scott, Secretary Working Men's Educational
Union

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Henry Cuttill Stubbs, Clerical Principal of Clergy
Training School, Warrington

W. H. Sykes, F.R.S.

Jelinger Symons, H. M. Inspector of Schools

E. Douglas Tinlin, H. M. Inspector of Schools
William Tooke, F.R.S.

Richard C. Trench, M.A.

E. Carleton Tufnell, H. M. Inspector of Schools
T. Twining, Jun.

RYMER JONES, F.R.S., PROFESSOR OF
ANATOMY, KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.

COMPARATIVE

Professor Rymer Jones observed that it had seldom been his privilege to witness a scene calculated more imArch-pressively to show the importance attached in these days to the efficient education of youth than that with which he was surrounded on the present occasion; and whether he cast his eyes around those spacious halls, fitted as they were with every appliance whereby the truths of philosophy can be most conveniently inculcated, or upon the numerous and important audience he had the pleasure of addressing, animated as they were with one desire to aid Semi-in the great cause of educational advancement, it was impossible not to perceive how earnestly they had set about their pleasurable task; it was impossible not to feel that when, in the course of a short time, the means thus placed at the disposal of our schools were distributed throughout our land, results of immeasurable importance might fairly be anticipated. A new and striking feature in the educational system of the present day is the practical character of the instruction afforded in our schools by substituting personal observation in the place of dogmatical teaching, thus affording a broad and solid foundation whereon to build the mental fabric, instead of the flimsy substratum too generally supplied. It is easy to teach any charity child to sing about

and

William J. Unwin, M.A., Principal of Homerton
College

Thomas Vowler St. Asaph

Jacob Waley, M.A., Professor of Political Economy,
University College, London

George Wallis, Birmingham School of Art
William Warburton, H.M. Inspector of Schools
Frederick Watkins, H.M. Inspector of Schools
William H. Watson, Sunday School Union
Thomas Wilkinson, H.M. Inspector of Schools
A. Wilson, M.A., Principal of Westminster Training

Institution

George F. Wilson

John Wilson, F.R.S.E., &c.

R. Wilson, D.D., F.C.P., Dean of the College of Pre ceptors

Thomas Winkworth

C. Winton

Ed. Woodford

Ralph N. Wornum, Marlborough House
Manuel de Ysasi

"The spacious firmament on high, And all the blue ethereal sky,' without exciting any very distinct or definite ideas relative to the awful truths revealed by astronomical science; but it is the use of the telescope alone that can adequately impress upon the mind the grand realities of the celestial spheres. It is easy for any one to expatiate generally concerning the extent of the animal creation, and the limitless beneficence of Providence, but it is the microscopist only, who, reversing the Galilean tube, explores for himself the deep abysses of a drop of water, and finds therein a world invisible to the unassisted sense, feelingly can appreciate the works of the Almighty.

Not many years ago it was related that the inhabitants of a certain district in Sweden, possessing but a scanty stock of corn, were in the habit of mixing with their meal a portion of the earth of the country to supply the defi

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