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Take, again, the Sydenham Palace-what has the Commission done, or what does it contemplate doing for that? Nothing, but harm and injury, though I do not say that these are inflicted intentionally. Whatever may be asserted to the contrary, the public regard the promised institution at Gore House as an unfair opposition to Sydenham They consider that the Crystal Palace Company, having established its enterprise on a commercial basis, and so far gone on hopefully and prosperously, ought not to be exposed to the disadvantage of competition with a body, composed of all the greatest names in the state, and starting with such a windfall as the shilling surplus. It will be said that this is not a rival scheme-that in building on the ruins of the Symposium, the Royal Commission do not intend to hang up in front of their new premises, the usual flaring announcement, "No connexion with the shop over the way." No, one, however, is deceived by such representations, and manufacturers, wise in their generation, are at this moment holding back from the Crystal Palace, because they see "two strings to their bow." I say, that instead of thus perilling the success of the Sydenhain undertaking, already sufficiently endangered by internal difficulties, the Royal Commission ought to take an active interest in its welfare, remembering that after spending a million of money in a grand experiment, if that experiment fails, many years must elapse before the improvement of popular tastes upon a self-supporting basis is again attempted.
Lastly, I would ask, as a member of the Society, what the Royal Commission has done for any of those objects which during the last three years we have been engaged in promoting? Has it conferred, either on the Society or on the Institutions connected with it, a single important benefit? Will it help us in our efforts to improve education? Will it even aid us, in this Centenary Session, in getting premises suitable to our increased wants and usefulness. One advantage of the Society's Journal is, that through its columns bodies like the Royal Commission, which are too stately to be useful, may be told the truth. Corporations, we are told, have no conscience, but truth finds them out notwithstanding; and as the albatross was hung round the neck of the ancient mariner, who shot him "with his cross-bow," so "the shilling surplus of the people," unless some 'change" be got out of it, will hang for many a day as a reproach on certain great reputations.
was evolved, a quantity of water was produced, and the
I remain, your obedient servant, JOHN STENHOUSE. St. Bartholomew's Hospital, March 28th, 1854.
Proceedings of Institutions.
BATTERSEA.-Mr. C. Charles delivered his second lecture on Burlesque, at the Literary and Scientific Institute, on Tuesday evening, having given the first on the 21st ult. In entering on his subject, the lecturer intimated that burlesque was not identical with the ridiculous; but, unlike the latter, it had its legitimate restrictions. Shakspeare's burlesque, he considered, exemplified more by characterization, and the burlesque of the present day more by caricature. He cited instances of real and unintententional burlesque in more worlds than the world of letters; and remarked upon the good and ill results attending its use and abuse. He stated that burlesque, in its censorial capacity, should always sustain its good humour, as well as its wit and humour; and, further, urged the exercise of more good humour in the business of life itself, deprecating all affectations of gravity. He extolled the moral and medical virtues of mirth, when it did not outsport discretion"-advocated cheerfulness in all things, as the mainstay of all social affectionsand recommended the expulsion of all austerity from the school-room. In the multiform illustration of his subject, Mr. Charles exhibited surprising aptitude, versatility, and skill in vocal transition. He has a clear musical voice, which was tastefully displayed in his parodies. He adapted imitations of popular comedians and of humorous brogues, with a felicity not common to such pretensions. The illustrations were free from buffoonery, but a vein of characteristic humour was imparted to them, which elicited expressions of approbation.
Sir, Since reading a paper descriptive of charcoal respirators about a month ago before the Society of Arts, I have ascertained that ordinary wood charcoal is even more efficacious, as an absorbent and oxidizer of vapourous sub stances than animal charcoal.
HIGHGATE.-The annual meeting of the members of the Literary and Scientific Institution was held on Wednesday, the 8th of March. The report of the Committee of Management stated that there was now a total number of 207 subscribers, including 9 life and honorary members, 114 annual members, and 84 associates; the annual members pay one guinea, the associates some ten and some five shillings per annum. The management of the Institution is vested exclusively in the members, but, with this exception, the associates have all the privileges of members. The number of volumes in the Library at the close of the year was 2990; the circulation of the year had been 3,970 volumes. The treasurer's statment of Receipts and Expenditure was highly satisfactory; the receipts had been £216 7s., so that a balance of £24 91. 7d., due to the treasurer at last audit, had been repaid. The following lectures, &c., were delivered during the year:-Mr. T. C. Bakewell, "On the Electric Telegraph; " Rev. A. Barrett, M. A., "On the Unity of the Human Race, and the development of Language;" "Sir John Bowring, LL.D., "On China;" Professor Carpenter, M.D., "On the Reilation of Instinct to Reason; "Rev. W. H. Carr, M.A., Where are our Dramatists;" Rev. Derwent Coleridge, "On the M.A., "On Poetry;" Mr. L. Gisborne, C.E., Canal across the Isthmus of Darien; "Rev. R. Gleig, M.A., "On the Duke of Wellington;" Dr. Latham, F.R.S., "On the Distribution of Languages; " Mr. Geo, Scharf, "On Classic Architecture;" Mr. James Yates. M.A.," On the Barrier Walls of the Roman Empire." (The foregoing Lectures were gratuitous.) Mr. W. Hughes, F.R.G.S., " On Physicial Geography;" (Four Lectures.) Musical Entertainment-"An evening with Thomas Hood," by Mr. Parsons.
Some parties are, I understand, disposed to question the accuracy of my statements, viz; 1stly. That charcoal has the power of absorbing and condensing oxygen within its pores; and 2ndly, that it greatly facilitates the oxidation of many easily alterable substances, organic and inorganic. -I would request the attention of such individuals to the following short extracts from the sixth edition of Brande's Manual of Chemistry, at page 446, where it is stated, on the authority of M. Theodore de Saussure, that woodcharcoal absorbs 925 times its volume of oxygen gas. In an immediately succeeding paragraph the following | passage also occurs:-" A piece of well-burned charcoal. cooled under mercury and then introduced into a mixture of oxygen and sulphuretted hydrogen gases rapidly absorbed them, and then became ignited, and caused explosion. (A. Taylor.)" I have repeated Dr. A. Taylor's experiment with a slight variation.-A bit of newlyburned wood charcoal was passed up into dry ammoniacal gas, a large quantity of which it rapidly absorbed.
The charcoal was then introduced into a jar of oxygen. Intense chemical action immediately ensued, much heat
KELVEDOY.-The third annual meeting of the Literary Institution was held on Friday week. Mr. T. B. Western presided, and opening the proceedings with some remarks won the flourishing condition and favourable prospects a the institution; expressing a hope that all those who had the ability to do so, would encourage such in stitutions, as well calculated to afford useful information to those who stood most need of it. Having for several yea's been Chairman at Quarter Sessions held in a neigh SAT. boaring county, he could speak from experience that for the most part the criminals brought under his notice could neither read nor write, showing that ignorance is the high road to crime, and offering a strong inducement for al to exert themselves in bringing abo it a better state of things. The Honorary Secretary (Mr. E. G. Varenne) then gave a report of the past year's proceedings, congratulating the members upon the fact that their in-titution, apparently so weakly in the early period of its existence, had reached its fourth year, and now appeared to be growing up in a robust and flourishing condition, with an increased number of members, and a more satisfactory financial position. He expressed regret at the breaking up of the Kelvedon Mutual Instruction Society, which, during its existence, had been of great service in the parish, but was glad its members had united with those of the Literary Institution. After some gen ral observations upon education, the secretary gave a detail of the lectures delivered, and read the financial statement, which showed a small balance in hand. Mr. J. J. Mechi President of the Society, moved the adoption of the report, observing that there existed an urgent necessity for the greater diffusion of useful and scientific knowledge; and unless it were supplied we should be quickly superseded by foreigners in many branches of our industrial pursuits. He was happy to say Kelvedon could boast of her machine-makers and carvers of wood; and he hoped that others would endeavour to excel in their several callings: Mr. Crane seconded the motion, and spoke of the good done by the lower class of schools in Kelvedon.
PEMBROKE. The public meetings for the present year of the Dock Mechanics' Institute were commenced on the 29th of January, with an amateur concert, which proved very successful. On the 7th inst. the Rev. Josephus Williams delivered his second lecture, "On Water, as the medium by which the temperature of the earth is regulated." On the 21st inst., the Rev. J. R. Jenkins, of Tenby, delivered a lecture on "The Press and the People." The history of the press in all its phases, its political influence, its moral and intellectual benefits, were severally stated, and the importance of a free press, to which it was believed the high position of England at the present time might be ascribed, was strongly insisted on.
Royal Inst., 3.-Prof. J. Tyndall, "On Heat."
Civil Engineers, 8.-1. Mr. C. W Williams, "On the
London Inst., 2.-Mr. E. W. Brayley, jun., " On Physical
Royal Inst.. 3.-Prof. Miller, "On the Chemistry of the
Society of Arts, 8.-Adjourned Discussion on " Agricultural
London Inst., 7.-Mr. Cowden Clarke, "On Novel Writers."
Geological, 8.1. M. Adolphe Schlagnitweit, "On the Geological Structure and Erratic Phenomena of part of the Bavarian Alps." 2. Mr. J. Trimnien, On the Mammalifercus Deposit of the Valley of the Nene, near Peterborough." THURS. Royal Inst., 3.-Prof. Wharton Jones, "On Animal Physiology."
Architectural Inst., 8.-Class of Design.
Royal Inst., 8.-Rev. J. Barlow, "On Silica and some of
London Inst., 2.-Mr. E. W. Brayley, jun., “On Physical
Royal Inst., 3.-Prof. Miller, "On the Chemistry of the
114. Committee of Selection-Seventh Report.
Oxford and Cambridge Universities-Correspondence, Part 2,
Oxford and Cambridge Universities-Correspondence, Part 3,
Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, 1840 to 1853. !
45. Bills-Judgment, Execution, &c.
Royal Botanic, 34.
Asiatic, 8-Professor Wilson, "On Buddha and Buddhism.”
SESSIONAL PRINTED PAPERS.
Delivered on 25th and 27th March, 1854.
1017. Cambridge University-Index to Report of Commissioners. 1017. (1) Oxford University-Index to Report of Commissioners. 1017. (2) Dublin University-Index to Report of Commissioners.
(Delivered 24th March.)
Delivered on 28th March, 1854. 108. Bankruptcy Court (Ireland)-Returns. 113. Consolidated Annuities (Ireland)-Return. 119. University Degrees-Return.
49. Bills-Dublin Port.
41. (1) Indian Territories-Index to Lords' Reports.
449. B. J. Green, Birmingham-Corrugated elastic materials.
483. W. Simpson, Maidstone-Soapy product from straw pulp.
531. F. H. Wenham, Effra Vale Lodge, Brixton-Water meter.
Dated 8th March, 1854.
547. T. Dunn, Pendleton-Moving engines, &c., from one line of rails to another, and turning them.
2418. Alexis Dussuc, of 33, Grove-place, Brompton-Improved
551. R. Boyell, Nottingham-Safety guard for prevention of fire.
2473. Edward Joseph Hughes, of Manchester-Improvements in
2494. Richard Archibald Brooman, of 166, Fleet street-Improvements in the manufacture of coloured and ornamentediabrics 2564. William Edward Newton, of 66 Chancery-lane-Improved machinery for crushing ores, and separating therefrom gold' silver, or other metals contained therein.
565. W. B. Johnson, Manchester-Strengthening ends of tubes.
566. P. A. le Comte de Fontaine Moreau, 4, South street, Finsbury 2570. John Banks Nicklin, of Bartholomew-lane-Improved gelatin-Reaping machine. (A communication.) ous or glutinous compounds for lubricating railway and other 567. W. Young, Queen street, Cheapside-Lamps, machinery. 568. J. H. Swan, Glasgow-Tuyeres. 2839. Alfred Vincent Newton, of 66 Chancery-lane-Improvements in fire-arms and ordnance.
569. F. E. S. Garnier, Paris-Preparing flax.
570. H. Lamy, Paris-Preserving animal and vegetable substances. 3009. John Barnes, of Church-Improvement or improvements in Dated 10th March, 1854. 572. E. A. Desrousseaux, Roubaix-Looms. 573. W. Peace, Haigh, near Wigan-Meter and governor.
574. S. Moseley, Hull-Artificial palates. 575. J. Lawrence, Leeds-Rotatory engine.
dyeing and cleansing cotton, silk, wool, and other fabrics. 3019. James William Crossley, of Brighouse-Improvements in the production of surface finish to certain descriptions of fabrica composed of worsted, cotton, or silk, or combinations thereof. 47. Richard Albert Tilghman, of Philadelphia, U.S.-Improvements in treating fatty and oily matters, chiefly applicable to the manufacture of soap, candles, and glycerine.
58. Alexander Mitchell, of Belfast-Improvement in propelling
576. P. A. le Comte de Fontaine Moreau, 4, South street, Finsbury
579. F. and W. Whitehead, Crayford-Raising water, &c.
580. W. Mill, Birmingham-Inkstands.
582. A. V. Newton, 66, Chancery lane-Purifying gas. (A com-
583. D. P. Lefèvre, Paris-Railway brake.
584. Z. Boitteux, Epinal-Machinery for carving.
Dated 15th March, 1854.
614. R. A. Brooman, 166, Fleet street-Sector presses. (A com-
618. T. S. and C. H. Holt, Manchester-Steam boilers.
Sealed March 29th, 1854.
Dated 11th March, 1854. 590. W. T. Monzani, St. James's terrace, Bermondsey-Bedsteads. 592. W. Tytherleigh, Birmingham-Tea kettles. 596. J. Sparrow, jun., Wolverhampton-Shears for cutting metals. Dated 14th March, 1854.
2231. François Julien Raux, of Montmartre-Improvements in railway brakes.
2237. John Henry Johnson, of Lincoln's inn Fields-Improvements in apparatus for throwing out ropes or lines, for the better preservation of life and property. (A communication.)
610. A. W. Conner, 3, Crooked lane, Cannon street-Moulding 2277. Samuel Leake Worth, of Oxford street, and Agmond Dislim
612. J. Hands, Epsom-Kilns.
Vesey Canavan, of i itzroy street-Invention of an improved polishing and brightening surface.
2309. William Potts, of Birmingham-Improvements in mantel
2366. Andrew Mc Lean, and William Fraser Rae, both of Edinburgh -Improvements in apparatus for the manufacture of aerated liquids.
2380. Auguste Edouard Loradoux Bellford, of Castle street, Holborn-Certain improvements in the treatment of copper ores. (A communication.)
2404. Emory Rider, of Coleman street-Improvements in the manufacture or treatment of gutta percha, being improvements upon the invention secured to him by letters patent, dated the 20th day of July, 1852. (Partly a communication.) 2408. John Wright Child, of Halifax, and Robert Wilson, of Low Moor Iron Works, Yorkshire-Improvements in regulating mo ive power engines.
WEEKLY LIST OF PATENTS SEALED.
2198. Charles Alexander, of 373, Albany road, Camberwell-Certain
2200. Robert Varvill, of 30, High Ousegate, York-Improved morticing machine.
Sealed March 25th, 1854. 2210. Joseph Ellisdon, of London-Improvements in chairs, whereby they are rendered more portable, and can be converted into other useful articles of household furniture.
2213. Francis Frederick Clossman, of 16 A, Park-lane, Hyde Park. -The production and application of certain materials to be employed in the manufacture of textile fabrics, and for other purposes.
2217. Issac Bury, of Lower Mosley-street, Manchester, and William Green of Islington-Improvements in treating, stretching, or finishing textile fabrics, and in machinery or apparatus for ffecting the same.
2248. Samuel Murland, of Castlewellan-Improvements in machinery for preparing linen yarn.
2280. William Littell Tizard, of Aldgate-Improvements in thermo
meters, and other like indicators. 2281. John Milner, of Stratford-Improvements in steam engines.
2320. Richard Archibald Brooman, of 166, Fleet-sweet-improvements in railways switches.
The Sling Action Beer Engine......
120. William Thomas, of Cheapside-Improvements in stays.
182. Samuel Cunliffe Lister, of Manningham-Improvements in
WEEKLY LIST OF DESIGNS FOR ARTICLES OF UTILITY REGISTERED.
2457. Jean Baptiste Verdun, of Paris-Improvements in the construction of globes.
2527. Henry Tyi r, of Queen street-Invention of an improved chair Ledstead.
2771. John Carter Ramsden, of Bradford, Yorkshire-Improvements in apparatus, or the mechanism of looms for weaving a certain class of plaids, checks, and tancy woven fabrics.
8. Henry Lee Corlett, of Dublin-improvements in caoutchouc springs for Iccomotive engines and tenders, railway carriages, and waggons.
156. Cyprien Marie Teasié du Motay, of Paris-Improvements in the manufacture of oil from rosin.
193. Thomas Wick tead, of Leicester-Improvements in the manufacture of sewage manure.
215. Donald Bethune, of Toronto, Canada-Improvements in the construction of vessels propelled by steam or other motive power.
245. James Jackson, of Broad street, Golden square, and George Morris Hantler, of Sloane street-Improvements in baths. James Taylor, of Carlisle; isaac Brown, of the same place; and John Brown, of Oxford street-Improvements in the charring of vegetable and animal substances.
No. 72. Vol. II.]
JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF ARTS.
[APRIL 7, 1854.
Journal of the Society of Arts.
putation, and their awards must not be lightly given.
The Council has reason to believe that the FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1854. Society can obtain the services of Examiners
whose names will command confidence.
The details of the Examinations cannot be EXAMINATIONS OF INSTITUTE
settled until after the conference of the repre. CLASSES.
sentatives of the Institutions, in June next. The The subject of the Classes for Systematic following is a mere outline, intended to show Instruction in the Institutions in Union with how the plan would work, and to elicit tho this Society has long been under the consider- opinions of the Institutions. It is proposed : ation of the Council. In the replies given by 1. That the Examinations be held at least the Institutions to the first circular, addressed to once a year (say in March), at convenient places them by the Council, in March 1852, its attention in different districts, the Institutions in each was especially drawn to this very difficult sub- district being grouped together for the purposo. ject; and
iscussed at the Annual Con- 2. That the examinations be conducted simul. ferences in 1852 and 1859. Much important in- taneously by papers previously prepared by the formation respecting this subject was given to Examiners in London. the Society's late Committee on Industrial In- 3. That every candidate for examination shall struction, whose report, with an appendix con- have been, for a certain period (say six months), taining a large amount of valuable corres. a student of a class in an Institute in Union. pondence, was published last June.
4. That a Local Committee, possessing the to be
an unanimous opinion that every confidence of the Institutions at each place of Institute should have its classes for adult examination, receive the papers by post from the instruction ; but this desideratum is at present, in Board ; see that the papers are fairly worked by most cases, very difficult, and in many ses im- the candidates, without copying from each other, possible, to be attained. Sufficient inducements and without books or other assistance ; certify that have not, as yet, been generally given to the all has been properly conducted; and return the members of an Institute to pursue systematic worked papers by post to the Board of Examiners studies in its classes; but it has been suggested in London. that this defect might, in a great measure, be 5. That such worked papers as the Examinero supplied, if stated Examinations, by a Board of may approve of be divided by them into three competent authority, were to present to those classes, according to merit, ist, 2nd, and 3rd ; members the stimulus of emulation and competi- and that corresponding certificates be issued to tion, together with the honourable reward of a the successful candidates. diploma or certificate, which might attest the 6. That each certificate state the name and merit of the examined ; and that this Society age of the candidate; the total number of lessons might greatly benefit the Institutes by under- given to the class; the number of lessons that he taking the requisite arrangements for the estab- (or she) has attended; the subject, or subjects, lishment of such examinations.
on which the candidate was examined ; and the The Council is not unwilling to undertake result of the examination. this duty, if the Institutes in Union delibe- 7. That no certificate be awarded for any paper rately desire it; but the best possible scheme which gave evidence of only a smattering of of examinations cannot succeed if the Institutes knowledge, however extensive, or which was not are not now, and are not likely soon to be, well spelt, and fairly and clearly written. in a position to present to the Examiners á 8. That 1st class certificates be very cautiously sufficient number of candidates properly pre- awarded, so as to indicate a high standard of solid pared for examination. Assuming, however, attainment. that in due time such candidates will be forth. I. That a list of suitable subjects for exami. coming, the Council has considered what mea. nation be prepared for the approval of the “Consures must be taken by the Society to ensure ference.” That candidates be examined at their success, if the Institutes should be able and option in any of those subjects; but that no willing to do their part in this business.
candidate, after his first examination, take up In order that diplomas, or certificates, may more than two of the subjects in the same year ; be accepted as really valuable testimonials of a thorough knowledge of one or two subjects persevering study and superior attainment, the being, far more important than a superficial Examiners must be men of distinguished re-acquaintance with many.
In putting forth this very important matter for * The Report of the Committee appointed by the consideration, the Council trusts that it will be Council of the Society of Arts to inquire into the subject borne in mind that success can only be obtained of Industrial Instruction, with the evidence on which the Report is founded. Longman and Co., 1853. through the hearty co-operation of the Institu
tions. Such co-operation may be given by the occasionally grown or imported, than the real exigencies Institutions in preparing and bringing forward of the country might require. The present, or recent, fit candidates for examination, and by the condition of the corn market would illustrate the advan-
tage of comparative ignorance of actual quantities, such influential friends of education, in stamping the as under the present system now obtained. It was proposed diplomas with a real commercial value, assumed early last season that the harvest would be a by acknowledging them as testimonials worthy of detective one; and there certainly was some trustworthy credit. It is hoped that few will look coldly upon portation from America, Russia, and other corn-growing
evidence to that effect. The result was an enormous iman attempt to supply to the members of the Literary countries, on the one hand, and a larger breadth of land and Scientific Institutions, Mechanics’ Institutes, than last year being placed under cultivation for wheat, and Athenæums, in Union with the Society of on the other. The high prices obtained for grain stimu
lated this action. Whether, however, the present Arts, a portion, however small
, of those advan- tendency to reduced prices was to be attributed to tages which are abundantly offered to the higher larger reserves being brought to market than were classes of the community in their competitive supposed to be in existence, or to an excess of imexaminations, honours, and degrees.
portation, or to a larger quantity being actually cut
last harvest than was expected, or to all these comDECLARATION.
bined, certain it was that no :pprehension was now We, the undersigned, having considered the entertained of a continued scarcity, and some speculators circular letter of the Council of the Society for would probably " burn their fingers.” The country at the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and came down to the ability of the consumer, and as the im
large, however, gained by this : the price of the staff of life Commerce, dated March 1854, and the plan portations must immediately or ultimately be paid for in therein set forth, for examining and granting English manufactures, 2 greater amount of wealth was certificates to the students of the classes for produced and distributed than would, otherwise, have come adult instruction in the Literary and Scientific statistics of agriculture to be obtained and made patent
into existence. Again he might observe that, assuming Institutions, Mechanics’ Institutes, Athenæums, to the world, would there not be a danger of an undue, and other similar bodies in Union with the said and therefore a mischiveous, reliance being placed in them, Society, do hereby declare that we desire to and which reliance would be aggravated in its ultimate promote the success of the said plan, and are policy ? When left however to independent action, the
effects by producers simultaneously observing a like prepared to regard as testimonials worthy of natural stimulus to speculation would sooner or later lead credit such CERTIFICATES as may be awarded in to a healthy condition of the grain markets, and to an conformity thereto.
average fair price of that important article. He was not prepared at that moment to pursue the subject further,
but hoped he had said enough to justify a little hesitation SEVENTEENTH ORDINARY MEETING. before adopting the ingenious plans of Mr. Levi and of
other gentlemen, who had addressed the Society on the WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1854.
Mr. LUMLEY wished to make a few observations, though The Seventeenth Ordinary Meeting of the One he would not go into the question raised by the last Hundredth Session, was held on Wednesday, the speaker,considering it settled at the former meeting, that it 6th instant, Major-General Sir Charles W. was desirable to have established as perfect a system of Pasley, K.C.B., Vice-President, in the chair. collecting agricultural statistics as possible. That for The following candidates were balloted for and recent experiments in Norfolk and Hampshire, the in
this object a scheme could be adopted, was proved by the duly elected :
quiries having only failed to elicit information to the Baily, Edwin
Fielding, Edward extent of 2 per cent. on those made in Nortolk, and 31 Cottam, George Hallen Simpson, Robert per cent. in liampshire, which he thought must be conEbrington, Viscount
sidered a very satisfactory result. If a general system of DISCUSSION ON AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS.
agricultural statistics could be carried out, they might
expect to derive very important information, which would The CHAIRMAN suggested that perhaps the most con- be of great advantage to the country; and he thought venient way of continuing the discussion on this subject, the Government could well avail themselves of the mawhich had been raised on the reading of Dir. Leone Levi's chinery they possessed under the Poor Law Board for paper at the last meeting, would be for any gentleman that purpose. He then detailed the steps adopted by Sir who had any plan to propose for collecting these statistics John Walsham, in Norfolk, and Mr. Hawley, in Hampto do so at once, and afterwards to proceed to the dis- shire-both gentlemen of intelligence, activity, and cussion or criticism of the different plans.
influence in their respective counties. The system Mr. Winkworth thought that before inviting gentle adopted in these proceedings was this. The guardians men to suggest plans for obtaining agricultural statistics, of each Union were requested to obtain the requisite it would be as well to inquire whether the principle information on the subject, which was collected through itself was admitted. He would remind the Society, that their various relieving officers. Lists were made out conall sound political economists maintained that the action taining the information required, and there were sent by the of commerce should not be interfered with by compulsory relieving officers to the various farmers and occupiers revelations, except in some extreme cases, or for fiscal in the districts. The documents requested information purposes. Now he must beg to say, that he for one as to the state of the country with reference to the extent could not see why the producers of wheat, for instance, of the crops under cultivation on the 18th of July, and should be placed in a different category from the manu. as to the number of cattle and stock on the 18th of facturers of wool, cotton, silk, or iron. The very fact of October. These lists, when obtained by the relieving the assumed, but not real, ignorance of details, of quan- officers, were forwarded to the clerks of the respective tities produced or in progress, was an element of great Unions, by whom they had been classified and abstracted, importance, as the spirit of enterprise or speculation and the results were supplied to the Inspectors. Sir John boing thereby stimulated, a greater quantity of grain was Walsham and Mr. Hawley, by whom reports had boen