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much time. It is of course only the assisted by some of the men. Last year's young folk, with their good eyes, who do wall of stone and turf has suffered much this embroidering; the harder and more from the bad weather in winter, and must tiresome work must be done by the older first be repaired. Then the oars are arfolk.
ranged, like the feathers in a fan and The winter is therefore the hardest time bound together at the top, over the enfor the Greenland women, and glad they trance. Old boat skins and kayak skins are when the sun rises higher and higher are spread over the oars, and fixed with in the sky; for then they know that soon heavy stones at the outer edge. Then all the labor for that season will have an when a pallet has been hastily made of end.
some bottom boards from the boat, the The short summer has come, bringing tent is ready for use for a month in all light and warmth. Now is the time to go sorts of weather. to the angmassat places. The angmassat The shoals of fish come swarming to is a little fish in size between a sardine and the coast, stay only a moment, and are off a herring. These fishes are caught and again. The women and children strew dried by the million, and are, or ought to those that have been scooped up on the be, the chief food of the Eskimo in winter. beach, that they may dry quickly. If rain They come in shoals to the shore to spawn sets in, the fish will most likely be spoiled. for a short time in the month of June, and After the fish have been turned and turned are then caught in scoops, shaken out on again until they are dry, they are stuffed the beach, and dried in the air. The wo- into bags of skin and taken by boat to the men's boat is put into the water, and five winter home. There the women immegay women seize the oars. The men fol- diately set to work to store them away. low in their kayaks.
Because their houses are too small to keep Arrived at the place, the
the fish there, they have storerooms (kistantly set about building the tent, lazily matulivis), which are natural caves or way off.
grottoes cut in the mountains, often a long tities of heather gathered for the winter,
straw plucked and dried for an interAfter the fishing is ended, if the weather mediate layer in the kamiks, mosses gathbe good, it is time for turf-cutting. This ered for wicks for the lamps, all is ready must be done before going inland to shoot for winter. reindeer and catch salmon, that the turf From Nature's hand the women may lie and dry during their absence, and nicely formed, with slender limbs and be fit for use when they return.
small hands and feet. But, as wise mothers The reindeer hunting, or the hunting of know that nature cannot always be dethe stag, is to the Eskimo what the sports pended upon in all details, they make very of the country or the seaside are to civil- small kamiks, into which they press the ized people. The reindeer grounds are little new-born baby foot, that it may not often a hundred miles away from the win- develop too quickly. It is not to give the ter home, up the fiords, but the prepara- foot another form, as the Chinese do, but tions for going are few. Before they go, only to retard its growth; and, really, a they remove the roofs of their houses, prettier and better-formed foot than that that they may thoroughly air during their of an Eskimo it would be hard to find. absence. It may be thoroughly washed The young maidens are very handsome, too, perhaps, by the heavy showers that but they soon get rough in complexion often fall in summer.
and clumsy in form. Women that have This stay inland is the best time of all been married only a few years look old the year. From July to September they and worn out. They rarely live to be stay on the hunting-grounds. In July old, but those who do, become so hideous there is no difference between day and that they are like scarecrows. night; and, if only the sun shines and the The women are quiet and peaceable, but sky is clear, the people delight to lie in the they possess little real character. They hills and plains that are covered with are kind and good-hearted so far as not to heather and flowers, and to inhale the do mischief, but one cannot say that they warm, clean air, and the odor of the sweet are good in the sense that they display and aromatic mountain herbs.
kindness, goodness, or pity when they canAs soon as possible the hunters leave the not see their profit by it. They are envitent place (the tent has been put up in the ous of one another, and will try to injure same way as for the angmassat fishing) to their adversaries by slandering them. go in among the mountains for deer. They They are clever and quick of apprehension, are commonly accompanied by one or two and are used by Europeans in their houses women who have to cook for them, to as cooks, chambermaids, nursery maids, look after their kamiks, and especially to but they very soon get tired of the multicarry the killed animals back to the tent. tude of tasks in a civilized household, and On these excursions they often stay several grow negligent. days away, and then the women who are The dress of the women is the same, left behind enjoy life in every way. They summer and winter, and is worn in the have little to do but to look after the same way. It consists first of a shiftsalmon nets that are spread in the stream which, in spite of the name, is, nevertheor cut up the fish when caught.
less, not shifted very often-made of comBut everything has an end. When the
mon cotton stuff, and cut in the simplest mountains begin to cast long shadows, and possible form, with no embroideries. Over the heather turns a brownish tint from the this they wear the timiak, of bird's skin, ripe berries, the time to return has come. with its cover of colored cotton stuff for
At the winter place again perhaps rain daily use, and woolen, silk, or velveteen and sleet have done their work, and the for Sundays and holidays. The hood is walls of the house have fallen in. While never used by the women, who always the men contemplate the destruction, and leave it hanging down. Around the neck here and there repair the framework, the the young girls wear a collar more than a women go to collecting the fallen and quarter of a yard wide, made of glass scattered stones and gathering heather pearls set in the most varied patterns. This from the nearest hills to repair the house. pearl collar is worn only by young girls, When the cut turf has been secured, quan- and by wives until they have got their first
child. After that, the pearls are used as their bearers. The wives wear blue in all fringes and tassels for the amaut.
shades, the maidens red, the unmarried The pet garments of the girls, and of mothers green in all shades, and the widmarried women, too, are the breeches and ows wear black. All other colors are forthe kamiks. They take much time to make bidden. In front they like to fasten on theme garments as fine as possible. The the ribbon some shining object, a brooch breeches, which are worn next the bare or an odd ear-ring. For lack of other body, are made of costly sealskins or rein- things, they will pin on a piece of colored deer skins. They are not fastened to the silver or gold paper. To get the top body by any
firm and stiff, thing, but their
the hair must stiffness keeps
be drawn very them in place.
tight. In time The Greenland
the hair on each er's know noth
side of the head ing of buttons or
is torn out, and hooks or buckles
two large bald braces,
spots appear, least on the wo
which are not men's garments.
very becoming. 'The Kamiks
They wear no consist of an in
head-cover ner stocking of
cept the handskin with the
kerchief in dithair inside, and
ferent stuffs. 211 outer boot
cotton, wool, or made of died or
silk. painted skin in
The women the most screech
are very coqueting colors
tish. They may bright red, blue,
look decent and violer. The most
espevalued are the
cially when they white halt-boots
know themselves which are used
noticed by Euon Sundars, holi
ropean ladies, dials and on
but they are not mitan arisans
so. like marriers
When a woThe sole of the
man becomes a wicow, she is
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From a photograph of the painting by R. D. Mackenzie. By permission of Raphael Tuck & Sons Co., Ltd.
Hali-tone plate engraved by R. Varley
A BAND OF BALUCHIS
BY RODERICK D. MACKENZIE
WITH PICTURES BY THE WRITER
IT 2 897 Grow
Their rude, unbridled India had to quell a very formidable passions we call “fanaticism,” though it is rising of the Afridis in the Khyber Pass only an outlet to passions similar to those and the tribes in the Tirrah Valley; but that the more civilized peoples are contwo years later the guarding of the pass stantly exercising, if in a more organized, was handed over to the Khyber Rifles, and subtle, and complex form. The ultimate the British troops were withdrawn. means employed is always the same-strife
At that time some doubted the wisdom and destruction. The two races who are of the policy of the Government, but nearly face to face on the borders of India have a twelve years have now passed, and the common admiration for each other, and Afridis still stand loyal to this trust and to each sees in the other a reflection of his the handful of British officers who com- own spirit. But the Afghan, or the mand them, despite the unrest of the trans-frontier tribesman, has a very limtribesmen in the neighboring valleys. ited conception of the world and little
The Government of India undertakes sense of proportion, and he has developed to keep this pass open, and to protect the only primitive animal instincts, guarded lives and property of those who travel by boundless suspicion and superstition, through it, and it is an expensive and which envelop him like a curtain of night, onerous undertaking.
and beyond which he has no desire to see As individuals, the proud, independent or to be seen. warriors of the northwest frontier of In- The valleys that honeycomb the neighdia are
to be admired for their borhood of the Khyber Pass are filled with rugged, untamed, vigorous manhood. The tribes independent of one another and all curb of civilization has not yet touched more or less independent of Afghanistan, them; they are types of the heroic warriors their big neighbor on the north and west; of the early ages of history, whose descen- and although the pass connects India di
met with than territory, it has always tween Aiphanistan and India, more than Arn the happy hunting and of the the gatewar through which the commerce ering ters as well as of is diri of central Asia and the early Western sans
wers has passe, owed by a procession Bi narutte controle e de wc's crackers and piunderers: ter deur , and by it have passed the great builders
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