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placed at the head of a really vast political and uncertainty, but the choice finally fell conspiracy destined to wrest the supreme upon Agrippina. That choice was signipower from the family of Augustus; and ficant. Agrippina was the niece of Clauthis woman proved her sagacity by know- dius, and marriages between uncle and ing how to organize this great plot so well niece, if not exactly prohibited, were and so opportunely that the most intelli- looked upon by the Romans with a progent and influential among the freedmen found revulsion of feeling. Claudius and of Claudius debated for a long time his freedmen could not have decided to whether they would join her or throw in face this repugnance except for serious their lot with the emperor. So doubtful and important reasons. Among these the seemed the issue of this struggle between most serious was probably that after the the weak husband and the energetic, auda- experience with Messalina, it seemed best cious, and unscrupulous wife! They al- not to go outside the family. An empress lowed Messalina and Silius to enlist belonging to the family would not be so friends and partizans in every part of likely to plot against the descendants of Roman society, to come to an understand- Augustus as had been this strange woman, ing with the prefect of the guards, to ob- who belonged to one of those aristocratic tain the divorce from Claudius, even to families who deeply hated the imperial celebrate their marriage, without opening house. Agrippina, furthermore, was the the eyes of the emperor. Claudius would daughter of Germanicus.
This was probably have been destroyed if at the last powerful recommendation with the people, moment Narcissus had not decided to rush the pretorian cohorts, and the legions. In to the emperor, who was at Ostia, and, by addition, she was intelligent, cultivated, terrifying him in some unspeakable way, simple, and economical; she had grown up had not induced him to stamp out the con- in the midst of political affairs, she knew spiracy with a bold and unexpected stroke. how the empire was governed, and up to There followed one of those periods of this point she had lived a life above rejudicial murder which for more than proach. She seemed to be the woman thirty years had been costing much Roman above all others destined to make the peoblood, and in this slaughter Messalina, ple forget Messalina and to reëstablish too, was overthrown.
among the masses respect for the family of After the discovery of the conspiracy, Augustus, now seriously compromised by Claudius made a harangue to the soldiers, many scandals and dissensions. Furtherin which he told them that as he had not more, she did not seem to suffer too much been very successful in his marriages he by comparison with Livia. did not intend to take another wife. The Claudius asked the senate to authorize proposal was wise, but difficult of execu- marriages between uncles and nieces, as tion, for there were many reasons why the he did not dare to assume the responsiemperor needed to have a woman at his bility of going counter to public sentiside. We very soon find Claudius ment. And thus the daughter of Gersulting his freedmen on the choice of a manicus and the sister of Caligula became new wife. There was much discussion
an empress. (To be continued)
PLASTER MODEL OF IMPERIAL ROME. BY P. BIGOT
IN 1902, Monsieur Bigot, then a student of architecture at the Beaux Arts, won the Grand Prix de Rome. It had been the custom of his predecessors at the French Academy at Rome to make restorations of the ruins of different monuments, and he conceived the project of combining what had been done in that line, and to extend the restorations, so as to form a model in plaster of Imperial Rome in the middle of the fourth century, following the death of Constantine the Great, and preceding the invasions of the barbarians-representing, in fact, the summit of Rome's monumental beauty. It comprises, as shown here, more than half of Rome of that time, and includes quite all of the great structures, excepting the Baths of Diocletian and the Pretorian Camp, which would be located outside the lower, right-hand corner. The model is thirty-five feet long by twenty feet wide, has been seven years in the making, and is destined for the Sorbonne, the University of Paris.
BRIDGE OF AURELIUS
THE little Greenland woman is bid as belong, scrambling with an amazing con
Greenland man. Even if she is the first and finding their way home again with a child, she is looked at with as kindly eyes never-failing local sense. It must always as if she were a boy. If she is the fifth, be remembered that a town in Greenland sixth, or perhaps the seventh in a row of in no way resembles a town, even of the girls, she may be less gladly received. I least dimensions, in civilized countries. have known a father to clothe his fifth or 'The houses lie helter-skelter among the sixth daughter as a boy, and to treat her rocks along the sea, and between them run in every way as if she were one. When narrow paths, clearly visible only in winlater a brother was born, the girl received ter, when they are marked out by dirty the female rights again.
footsteps on the white snow. Only twice The first year of her life the little one in more than twenty-five years have I hangs at her mother's breast, or takes her known of children in real danger. daily rest in the amaut, an enormous sack, At the age of five the seriousness of life with a wide opening through which the begins with school; and, although, spemother or servant puts her head, letting cially in places where there is no Danish the sack hang on her shoulders. In this priest, this is a very small thing, neverthethe child is put, and stands leaning toward less, it is a limiting of the treasured indeits bearer's back, until, in sleeping, it pendence and a restraint from which most slides down in the sack.
of the children would prefer to escape. The mother and the maid (even the Besides going to school, there are other poorest woman has a maid for her child) duties, especially if there are younger sisare both its complete slaves.
ters or brothers. To relieve the mother The child suckles until the next little and the maid, the amaut is put on the little one comes, even if three or more years lie girl, the baby is placed in it, and away the between. At this age she has long grown little bearer totters with her heavy load, away from the amaut and the maid, and reeling like a boat in a high sea, with the has put on the national dress. Already corners of the amaut brushing against her she begins to walk about at her own risk. heels. It is astonishing to see such tots running At school the little girl receives only inabout far from the house to which they struction from books, and this is very lim1 The writer of this article, as the wife of the Danish Governor of Greenland, is qualified
by experience to give authoritative information on this subject.
ited. She learns to read and write her seldom later, she gets married. The marown language, but she does both poorly. riage is not the result of any special love She can do a very little counting, but or sympathy between the two young peochiefly she is taught the catechism and ple, but the parents on both sides make the stories from the Bible. Needlework and selection. knitting-in a word, all female handiwork The houses of the Eskimos are all built -she learns at home. As soon as her fin- of stone and turf, with the windows opengers are long and strong enough to master ing toward the sun, the one entrance ala needle, under her mother's eye she begins ways being on the side that is least exposed to sew on articles belonging to her own to the wind. Along the back wall runs a dress — first those of lighter stuff, as the platform, a pallet of boards, raised eighteen chemise and the anorak cover; then, later, inches above the floor. It is from six to eight the inore difficult garments, which are feet deep, and through its whole length it made of skins, as breeches and kamiks, is divided into rooms or spaces of eight or with the embroideries belonging to them. ten feet. Each room is separated from the The little girl must also assist in the daily neighboring room by a partition of board carrying of water and in gathering heather or skin. An open passage runs the whole for the household.
length of the house along the pallet rooms, The confirmation at thirteen or four- and serves for the traffic of all the inteen years of age makes no essential differ- mates; but each pallet room claims for its ence in the young girl's daily life and du- own the bit of passageway adjoining. ties, though she may perhaps bear a little Each pallet room is occupied by one more responsibility in the domestic life. family, and there they stay night and day. She does not now play in the daytime any The best pallet room is the innermost, and more. She prefers the twilight or the dark is always occupied by the owner of the evenings to walk about with her friends. house, or the oldest, if the house has more She takes her responsibility lightly, how- than one owner. The three or four, or ever; for, in reality, she does only what perhaps five, rooms are occupied by the pleases her. If she wishes to go as a rower families according to their rank. If, for in a boat, especially if it is in European instance, a father is the owner of the service, which pays her well, she will not house, then his eldest son has the next ask permission of her parents.
room, and the second son the next, and so will scold or blame her for going.
on. The pallet room nearest the entrance, At eighteen or twenty, sometimes earlier, dark, cold, and uncomfortable, is assigned to