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surely be watched with interest; but there more general among the civilized nations is small likelihood that they will soon find than has ever been the case before. An imitators.
isolated instance of such a fabulous payThat the issue of judicial recall can be- ment might be ascribed to fancy or come country-wide under our present sys- eccentricity, or possibly self-advertisement; tem is impossible. Federal judges are but the general advance in auction prices appointed, not elected, and cannot be re- during the last few years, and the private called. The same would be true of the sale of scores of paintings for sums rangStates which appoint their judges, such as ing eagerly from one to five hundred Massachusetts and New Jersey. Never thousand dollars, establish a new record of theless, the questions underlying the pro- spiritual demand as well as exchange value. posal are so grave, and go so directly to America has led in the broad movement the foundation of our form of government, of bidding up prices, and as a result has that it is of the highest importance that secured most of the prizes. In the Octothe people should have sound ideas on the ber CENTURY of last year were described subject.
eighty-six Rembrandts owned in AmerTo put the matter in few words: the ica; since which time "The Mill," at the highest of all qualities in a judge is a fear- highest price till then ever paid for a picless sense of duty. “I will do as becometh ture, has been added to the list. Other a judge,” was the noble reply of Lord of the great masters of Europe are well Coke when beset by the blandishments and represented in American galleries, both as veiled threats of courtiers. Such an at- to beauty and corresponding price, and titude depends upon security in a judge's obviously nothing but reluctance to sell, position. He is set to declare the law. or national ownership, stands in the way But if he knows that an unpopular, though of the transference of other grand masterjust, decision will result in stripping him pieces for sums exceeding anything yet paid. of his judicial robes, then the function of Nobility of treatment and dignity of the judiciary will become degraded into subject are characteristic of every painting declaring not what is the law, but what is which has made a strong draft on the "ripthe passing madness of the hour. Learn- ping-cord” of the modern purse. They ing we ought to have in judges, and in- are all works which have survived lifedustry, but above all independence. If time neglect or favoritism, the whims of they are corrupt, they can be removed by fashion, and the crotchets of taste and orderly impeachment; but the recall would criticism. They stand among the exposubject a judge to impeachment by the nents of the finest and highest feeling atmob, with no sufficient reason shown, and tained by mankind through centuries of with no opportunity for adequate defense. striving and groping after that something
In the American plan of government, above the joys and accidents of every-day the judiciary stands apart from partizan life which is passed along from generation clamor and popular fury. The voice of to generation and hoarded as the increthe judge is as the voice of deliberate rea- ment of human life, as the flower of civison raised above political tumults. To de- lization. While not so important to menprive our judges of the power to utter that tal and spiritual growth as the composite voice, undaunted by popular outcry, would literary treasures of the world, the great be a blow not merely at our judicial sys- paintings and statues express a more inditem, but at the whole fabric of our great vidual power and a more direct spiritual experiment in democratic government. influence. They are the acme of culti
vated insight and concentration directed to VALUE IN PAINTINGS
the expression of the elemental longings of
mankind. ALF a million dollars paid for a In connection with these purchases that
single picture to hang on a wall is are epoch-making in enlarging the idea of an event that stirs the imagination of intrinsic value in art, there have been scofevery intelligent person. So far as may fings aimed at the abundance of dollars easily be judged, it means that apprecia- and an imagined paucity of taste; and tion of the existence of intrinsic value in some headshaking over a narrow view of paintings by the assured masters is to-day such prodigious payments, on the score of
self-indulgence or extravagance. Both teristic of most salt-water harbors on our kinds of caviling are misdirected. A coasts, as well as of the ports on the Great noble taste in art has been very common Lakes, and even of the larger inland bodies among the men who have risen from small of water. beginnings to great wealth, because sensu- It is with a vivid recollection of a most ous emotion and response to elemental inspiring scene that the writer recalls a beauty are instinctive with men of large certain summer morning in the seventies nature and creative mental power. Under when, in a schooner wind-bound for three different conditions many of our captains days in Hampton Roads, he awoke to find of industry would have been preachers or a fair wind blowing from the west, and writers or painters. And in art, they with fully two hundred sailing-vessels readily come to a knowledge of the works passed seaward, feeling himself, in a boythat bring sublime messages to the soul. ish thrill of adventure, like a part in anThey also have the courage to exchange other great armada. money, which in superfluity they cannot en- Where now on the face of the waters joy for paintings which, in the Aash of an could such another scene be duplicated ? eye, illuminate the whole civilized world. The sailing-ship, the most majestic and
Surely no better use could be made of graceful creation of man, is passing. In American dollars than by the purchase, no the Erie Basin, or here and there in the matter how large the price, of treasures upper reaches of the rivers and kills of that doubly enrich the purchasers, which the metropolis, an occasional square-rigger bestow on a whole people pleasures that may be seen; but the days when the watereducate and inspire, and which confer dis- side of South Street, with its network of tinction on the nation that protects them. spars and rigging, looked like a forest in The owners of fine paintings, as a rule, are winter, and the great bowsprits slanted generous in showing them to the public over the street itself, are gone forever. and in allowing them to be reproduced for Where are the brown-faced sailormen who wide-spread enjoyment. Such multiplica- used to huddle about the corners of the tion never cheapens a great picture. Even waterside, and the old ships' cannon, if copied by another great artist, the orig- planted muzzle-down among the cobbleinal still remains the solitary exponent of stones, that were used for hitching-posts? its own individual and impregnable beauty. Going, or gone, are the shanty-songs that
While even a crude printed copy has used to be heard round the warping capsome educational value, it is the original stan-bars, and likewise the canvas adverwhich teaches the public that the finest tisements that, hanging from the foremasts methods of reproduction do not convey all of packet-ships, proclaimed as destination its subtle beauty. It is the original which the names of half the ports of the world. continually tells the public that especially With the sailing-ships the professional in art the cheapest is likely to be the dear- sailor is also rapidly passing. All the est. A single page picture in a "high- glamour and romance and skill that make priced" periodical (a Timothy Cole en- up the poetic side of the sea are coming to graving, for instance, which in one sense be more and more left to the province of is a copy and in another sense an original the amateur sailor. The yachting clubs work of art) frequently costs about as much of the world enroll a hundred thousand to produce as all the pictures and art em- men, a third of whom, perhaps, are active bellishments of a single number of some of members; but of these last a large percenthe low-priced magazines. The great tage are followers of steam and gasolene, paintings are our faithful monitors as to since their fetish is speed. the qualities that count for art value. It is by the remnant who will stick to
the sail, encouraged by that even larger YACHTING AND THE PRESERVA
body of men who, enrolled in no clubs, TION OF SAILING TRADITIONS
still feel a thrill at the sight of the dip of
a wind-filled sail, that the traditions of the yacht anchorage at Bar Harbor, the old seamanship will be preserved.
shown as the frontispiece of this num- True yachtsmen, sincere lovers of the sea, ber of THE CENTURY, a picture of sail- they are slowly though surely widening ing-craft is offered which is now charac- their knowledge, and showing their skill
in saner types of craft; for it is in the one- Germany in the sonder-class boats have type class of racing-boats and in the more shown that the American amateur is a substantial cruising-craft that American thorough-going sailor, while the growing yachting is showing its greatest promise inclination for ocean races has fostered a to-day.
lively appreciation of the value of weaThe records made in the races with therly qualities in even a boat of pleasure.
ON THE ALLEGED DETERIORATION OF YOUTH
who has Forgotten this Circumstance Yes, Jane, I have
foolish and vapid read both the maga
Airtations which enzine articles to which
minds you refer, and which
and hearts? We did you so feelingly in
not play any outdoor dorse. In the last
but croquet, ten years I have also
and what girl could read scores of similar
work off her superfluarticles, setting forth
ous and perilous enthe shortcomings of
ergy, dawdling about youth, and I am now
acroquet-ground? Do quite sure that Adam
you remember the and Eve were the only elderly couple this systematic deception which made possible world has ever held who, for obvious rea- Tom's courtship, and how you excused yoursons, did not consider that young people had self for hoodwinking your parents by saying changed for the worse since the days when that they, in their time, had run away to be they were boy and girl.
married? Do you remember how many of Don't think, please, that I am cherishing Tom's college friends drank, how many of illusions. I am not. I am cherishing recol- our friends were what we somewhat proudly lections instead. Of course girls are silly called “fast,” and what a vulgar and deand selfish. “Knowledge comes, but wisdom moralizing thing this fastness was? And lingers," -only the coming of knowledge is don't you think that the trouble lay in the problematic, and the lingering of wisdom is aloofness of older people who might have a sure thing. Of course boys are wasting helped us had we been more friendly and their opportunities. Was there ever a boy less deferential, and in our not having our except William Pitt, Junior, who did n't fair share of keen and healthy interests to waste his opportunities? But I remember keep us out of mischief? what I was at seventeen; and, what is more, "Never,” you write, quoting from one of I remember what you were at the same your disconsolate critics, “were the young age, -a very pretty girl, Jane dear, but cer- so thirstily avid for pleasure as now. My tainly no pattern to your sex; and, what is dear Jane, we were just as avid in our still more, I remember what Tom was be day, only less frank, and a trifle less strenufore he married you. Just ask him to-night ous. Tom did not play foot-ball, but more if I don't. Yet here am I, a lady not desti- than once he played the fool, a part suited tute of merit; and here is Tom,-well, to his joyous immaturity. We did not strive really, we are all rather proud of Tom; so hard to amuse ourselves, -perhaps beand here are you, the mother of four big cause we did not know how,-but neither boys so wedded to athletics that they do did we strive to improve the race, like the not even smoke. Is it for you to lament dear children who are now teaching sociolthat the rising generation do not reach the ogy to factory hands, and the principles of high standards of our youth?
art to slum babies, and the rights and Jane, do you perchance remember the wrongs of suffrage to the world. Please
don't quote vulgar proverbs about grandmothers and eggs, because I won't listen to them. Imparting one's ignorance to one's fellow-creatures may not be the highest form of usefulness; but at least the girls so engaged are avid for other things than pleasure, they are stirred by nobler impulses than the mere love of fun. For my part, I like to be instructed by my juniors. It lightens the responsibilities of age.
As to manners,-well, if young people no longer affect the reverence they never felt for our advancing years, if they meet us with more candor and a trifle more of condescension, we are gainers by the change. We are admitted to a companionship which elderly ladies (and please remember that we are elderly in their eyes) never enjoyed before, and by which it behooves us to profit. You know Mrs. James Landon, or at least you used to know her before she left Boston. She is the most wonderful old woman in the world, eighty-seven if she is a day, and as alert, as keen, as gay, and as capable of sustaining an argument as if she were half that age. Well, the other day she complained half-humorously to me that her grandchildren (three of them were in the room) did not treat her with proper respect; whereupon Eloise Brinton's youngest daughter, who is still going to school, said: "And a precious good thing it is for you, Granny dear, that we don't. It is our disrespect which has made you the delightful old lady that you are. If we never contradicted you, and never argued with you, and never jolted you out of your ruts, you'd be a chimney-corner grandmother, as dull as
IN LIGHTER VEIN
FISHERMAN a-fishing went
This tale is true; one can't invent
PICTURE AND VERSES BY HENRY J. PECK
He stood upon a craggy cliff
dull can be. We keep you yo you as if you were one of our you the justice of meeting you
There is the arrogance of but there is also the boon wh can give. I hope that if eve eighty-seven, somebody else's —since I shall have none of lay aside the deference due to and meet me mind to mind. girls are less well-mannered but will you please recall a pa of Louisa Gurney-such a v little Quakeress!-which youthful point of view:
"I was in a very playing and thoroughly enjoyed bein tried to be as rude to everyb We went on the highroad f of being rude to the folks tha think being rude is most times."
No bait used he of shrimp or eel,
One hundred and twenty-f dear, since those illuminating penned. Now, don't write lamentations over the fallin and girls from heights they I only wish you had a daug your curly hair-what good to a son!-and your wayy would be on easier-and saf you than we ever were wit she would remind you occas own "playing moods," and s you understand, as I can ne table qualities of youth. Your most lov Aga
But from the bottle in his
Full oft took he a dram
The fisher fished and fishe
Though fair of form an
1 Sea-cows, of course.