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however, by showing that he could readily “If a man has a powerful will, he can let himself out when he wished. “We force an unwilling brain to record things don't know very much," he said ; “practi- that seem to be repellent to it, like acquircally nothing, when you think of it. There ing Latin, etc. I can understand or imagis the infinitely large, and the infinitely ine that the brain can record impressions, small. The sun is a big ball of fire, and but I cannot understand the will that every star is like the sun, and around them forces it to take records. are planets like ours. They run into mil- "Returning to Broca's convolution, I lions upon millions. No man can imagine once made a calculation if it were possible how many and how big. Then everything to record in so small a space the whole runs down to the infinitely small, and each record of a man's life, supposing him to cell of everything is as wonderful in its have a perfect memory. And I found that way as the bigger things. A man can't if it were possible to make a cylinder of really know anything about the universe diamond three quarters of an inch in diam- just a few little things here on the sur- eter and four inches long, by shaving off face.”
the records after each layer was made “Don't you think of the universe as a there could be recorded thereon all that a complete whole?"
person could say in talking ten hours a “Oh, it probably is, but we can't grasp day for thirty years, and none of it would it. We may be like cells in a great big be beyond the limits of the microscope. body. Everything is held together by So this branch of the thing is not so wonwonderful laws.”
derful. “Do you think of the laws as inherent “But the will of man, that is the mysin matter or manifested through it?" tery. Our body is highly organized and
“The laws don't seem to be in matter. made up of cells, all symmetrical and I do not think of a tree as having life. beautifully arranged. Is it the combined It looks to me as if it was the abode of, intelligence of the whole of the cells which and was constructed by, a highly organized we call 'will-power,' or is our body only unit, so small as to be far beyond the lim- a building in which these cells are bricks its of the microscope. We see only the without intelligence and the will resides grosser aspect. Science cannot reach any in a highly organized unit which everyother conclusion than that there is a great where permeates our body, and which is intelligence manifested everywhere." beyond the range of vision even with the
“What do you think of the relation of most powerful microscope, just as I immind and matter?"
agined in the case of the tree? “Oh, I don't know," he replied in a “When we consider that there is appartone indicating that this is beyond the pos- ently no end to space, that every time we sibility of human knowledge. “As far as increase the power of our telescopes we I can see, we do not think with the brain; see more unknown suns of gigantic size, that is only a recording-office for things then why should there not be the infinitely brought to it by our five senses. It's like little? a phonograph-record. I understand that “Matter, as shown by radium, is a grain, there is a certain fold in the brain called fine enough to make a living aggregate or Broca's convolution, which is about the being as highly organized and as complisize of a short lead-pencil, and everything cated as a man, and still be beyond recogthe senses pick up is therein recorded for nition by the microscope. Of course these future use.
Injuries to this convolution remarks are fanciful and remind one of have proved that it is the seat of mem- the great physicist Clerk-Maxwell, who, ory. Our first impressions are recorded when working out his theories, used a hyat its base, and as we advance in age the pothetical little demon, which he said he seat of the record advances from the base. sent in among the molecules to gather If the base is injured, we forget our mother information." tongue and remember only things learned Returning to activities he said: later in life. If the other end is injured, “I have tried so many things I thought we remember only things recorded in early were true, and found I was mistaken, that life. What makes us do things is that I have quit being too sure about anything. mysterious thing called the will.
All I can do is to try out what seems to be the right thing, and be ready to give it up ulty. The more it is developed, the more as soon as I am convinced that there is successful a man should be in any line of nothing in it."
you find," " I asked, "that you can Glancing at the notes he had written, force a solution by making yourself think which were then before me, I noticed hard along a given line?”
where he had set down twelve years of age "Oh, no," he said. “I never think as the time when instruction would perabout a thing any longer than I want to. haps be the most effective. Reminding If I lose my interest in it, I turn to some- him of this point, he went on: thing else. I always keep six or eight “Yes, at about that age a boy is interthings going at once, and turn from one ested in knowing how things are done, and to the other as I feel like it. Very often you can build on that interest easily. It I will work at a thing and get where I is hard to teach a man anything if he is n't can't see anything more in it, and just interested in it. But if you can get him put it aside and go at something else; and when he is, then everything you do to inthe first thing I know the very idea I struct him counts. His brain or recording wanted will come to me. Then I drop department wants work and receives it the other and go back to it and work it with pleasure." out."
“Do you think toys could be made to "Tell me more," I said, “about how perform a real service in developing inthe ideas come to you. Do you read much ventiveness, even in a much younger for mental culture or do you confine your child ?" I asked. self chiefly to scientific works? Do you “Oh, yes. That will come. There are like poetry?"
great possibilities in starting the mind “Oh, I read everything," he said. “Not right with toys. Give them problems to merely scientific works, but anything that work out that will make them think for helps the imagination. But I can't stand themselves." jingle. Where the thought is twisted out As a vision of the commercial and eduof shape just to make it rime–I can't cational possibilities of an "Edison sysstand that. But I like 'Evangeline,' tem” of instruction by means of toys Enoch Arden,' and things like that. Aashed over me, I said, “Maybe you will These I call true poetry.”
get around to that some day-making sciThen, as if suddenly remembering the entific toys?" best point of all, he spoke in an enthusias- He made a gesture with both hands, as tic way: “But, ah, Shakspere! That 's much as to say that that was somewhat out where you get the ideas! My, but that of his usual line, and said: “That will man did have ideas! He would have been come. It is a good thing, a scientific kinan inventor, a wonderful inventor, if he dergarten.
dergarten. Somebody will work it out. had turned his mind to it. He seemed to Plenty of time yet.” see the inside of everything. Perfectly Returning to the subject of education wonderful how many things he could think of boys, he went on: about. His originality in the way of ex- “They take up too much time teaching pressing things has never been approached." things that don't count. Latin and Greek
“Then you think, do you, that our ideas what good are they? They say these do not have to be closely connected with train the mind. But I don't think they our work to be useful?"
train the mind half so much as working “All kinds of ideas help to set the mind out practical problems. Work is the best going. If a man has enough ideas to be kind of school to train the mind. Books an inventor, he can turn the same force are good to show the theory of things, but in another direction, it he wishes to, and doing the thing itself is what counts." be a business man, an architect, or any- “Have you any suggestion to make thing."
about how bors should be taught?" "Then in teaching inventiveness, it "Oh, it all depends. They'll work would not be necessary to contine it to that out. That's a business by itseli. It's men who expected to be inventors." working out."
"Oh, no. It is the same thing, what- Thinking of the possible effects of enever a man does. It 's the creative fac- dowments to stimulate educational effort
in the direction of inventiveness, I asked tion, "that inventors are abnormal people, for his views on that subject.
doing their work in a sort of frenzy of "Money can help, of course.”
illumination?" "Are experiments costly? Would it "Nothing to it,” he assured me. “Those help much if there were endowments to long-haired fellows that act queer and figpromote experiment?"
ure out queer things, I don't call them “Some experiments don't cost much- real inventors. Once in a while they may hardly anything at all; just a little time hit something, but not often. There are and material. The working out or com- perhaps five hundred real inventors in the mercializing an invention costs money, but world-men with scientific training, and that is usually done by the company that imagination. They have made about expects to make money out of it. What ninety-five per cent. of all the good things they need is to do something so the inven- in the way of inventions and improvetor can make money out of his invention ments. They are usually connected with and not have it all go to the company that some big plant; you may not hear of buys up his rights. If an inventor could them, but they are there, working out all make $50,000 out of his first invention, he kinds of machines and processes. They would turn right around and put that are the real inventors, not the long-haired money into making other inventions - kind." some that might be worth millions to the “If you had any maxims or conclusions public. That is a characteristic of a you could give to those men,- things you true inventor. Inventors have insufficient have found out, fundamental laws, you means to fight a patent case with the pres- know,-what would they be?" ent methods of procedure in the courts, "Ah, these men know more about their and it amounts to a nullification of the own work than I could tell them. I patent as far as the inventor is concerned. have n't any conclusions to give; I am There are many corporations that know just learning about things myself. They this and make a business of appropriating are doing the same. They are working every patent of value. Sometimes a com- out their things, and I am working out peting company will give the inventor mine.” enough to pay a little on his debts and "Do you ever speculate about the infight the pirating company, but the inven- ventions we may have fifty or a hundred tor gains nothing if they are successful. years from now?" I asked. I think courts ought to protect the inven- "No, not very much. Nobody can tell tor against business men, for I never knew what the conditions will be. We may disone that had the faintest idea of modern cover laws that will upset all our calculabusiness methods. If the English court tions. We discover what we think are practice was adopted in this country, it fundamental laws, then they are upset by would be a great thing for the inventor." another discovery. The only thing to do
"Is it true," I asked, repeating one of is to work along and bring out every pracmy written questions for further elucida- tical and useful fact we can."
BY KATHERINE METCALF ROOF
Author of “A Lighted House"
not have contained such complete under
standing as existed between Gilbert and "IRCUMSTANCES had so ordered herself. She had seen Amy's picture-an
Mildred Tremain's life that the ex- intense, delicate face with a high forehead perience of falling in love at what is and great eyes, a serious concentrated face. usually conceived to be the susceptible age Amy had been a “college woman," one, had been denied her. She had had other Mildred felt, with a life dedicated to interesting, if more impersonal, experi- progressive movements and ideals and, ences. In her nomad life on the Conti- she was convinced, with no sense of hunent with her invalid father she had ob- mor. She wondered sometimes how comserved, thought, enjoyed, and had arrived panionable Gilbert had found her-Gilat that expensive stage of development bert with his gay, whimsical point of view, where her pleasures, if more completely his sensitive, cultivated American mind, realized, were rendered less in number by which met all discomforts, as well as the process of discrimination and elimina- deeper troubles, with a light, courageous tion. The chances of her falling in love philosophy. Yet she felt not the faintest at all had therefore become reduced as the pang of jealousy toward the dead wife or likelihood of her finding an adequate ob- toward the child, to whom Fleming was ject became less. Yet the miracle happened, unselfishly devoted. after all, in her late twenties. In Gilbert Mildred was not a woman possessed of Fleming she found a being apparently de- a wide and overflowing maternal instinct. signed to meet every side of her rather That is to say, her heart did not go out complex nature.
toward every child she saw simply because Too essentially tactful to arouse antago- it was a child. It is possible that she would nism, Mildred Tremain was admirably not have suffered deeply if denied the exadapted to a companionable human exis- perience of motherhood. At the same tence, She was artistic in her apprecia- time she was far from being devoid of tions, yet content to enjoy the fruits of art maternal instinct. She took children upon instead of mistaking her appreciation for the same basis of selection as grown peocreative talent and joining the army of di- ple, liking some, finding others unsympalettante amateurs and imitative producers. thetic; but her heart had gone out in ad
Although Gilbert Fleming had given vance to Fleming's son. She felt stirred her her first experience in love, she felt no at the thought of him. She hoped he was pang in the realization that, aside from like Gilbert. She had seen a picture of those more or less superficial affairs that him taken two years before,- he was six most men over thirty have had, Fleming now,-a beautiful boy with a mass of himself had had the far more tangible and curls and large eyes, a picturesque child penetrating experience of matrimony. He of a type that lent itself to the photograhad been married for nearly three years to pher's art. a woman he had loved, and they had had It happened that it was a bare month one child, a boy whom Mildred had not before the wedding when she first saw seen before her engagement. That first Arthur. His father, intensely alive to love and marriage, she decided in her in- the significance of the meeting, brought nermost communion with herself, could him.
It was not surprising that the child the child should cling to his grandmother, should shrink from a stranger, Mildred natural that he should cry in parting with reminded herself afterward; she had pre- her. She reproached herself for the repared herself beforehand for such a possi- flection that Arthur's roars-of unexbility. But Arthur had been too young pected volume, for his speaking voice was when his mother died to remember her, low-seemed more suggestive of anger and his grandmother, far from consciously than of sorrow. or unconsciously seeking to prejudice him She set herself to work unobtrusively to against his new mother, was sincerely win the little boy's love. She gave him pleased with Gilbert's choice. Yes, it was books and toys, she read to him, she told natural enough, yet something in the way him stories. He accepted these attentions the child turned his shoulder, in his fret- impersonally, listening solemnly. He was ful, inarticulate sound of repulse, gave a an intelligent child with an excellent memchill to Mildred. Wisely, she did not at- ory. She took him into town to the hippotempt effusive overtures.
drome, but he was afraid of the animals, “I believe in letting children alone and cried to be taken home. All attempts when they are shy, instead of trying to to amuse him that met with his approval force their interest,” she said to Gilbert, he accepted; personal demonstration of who agreed as he passed his hands lovingly any kind he instantly rejected. For the over the child's curls.
first time in her life Mildred worked to “He is a little out of sorts to-day. He please, and without success. Arthur conis n't like himself,” he apologized. The tinued literally and figuratively to turn a meeting was not quite as he had imagined cold shoulder upon her advances. Не it.
continued to regard her attempts with Arthur climbed up into his father's lap somber eyes and the relaxed lips that and regarded Mildred frowningly over his seemed to be part of his unfriendly stare. shoulder a minute, then buried his face in With his father he was always demonstraFleming's arm.
tive, demanding of him his undivided at“He does n't look like you." Mildred tention. The moment Gilbert's interest had searched the child's features in vain was centered upon Mildred, Arthur would for any resemblance to Gilbert's strong, begin to whimper and pull at his hand. keen, responsive face.
Indeed, the second day after the stepson's Arthur, whimpering, began to try to arrival, Mildred realized that he was jealattract his father's attention. “You must ous of his father's affection for her and n't interrupt, dear,” Fleming reproved that, child as he was, his interruptions to him gently; but Arthur continued to keep their conversations were intentional. Well, up a fretful undertone of protest while that was natural, too. She fought back they talked. In a way, he was a beauti- any lack of sympathy in herself, willing ful boy, Mildred reflected, observing the to be patient; but Arthur did not become child without letting him become aware reconciled to the situation. Any demonof it. Yet somehow the impression left stration between herself and her husband her let down, chilled. There was some- in his presence produced such a tempest of thing about Arthur's face-the large, tears that it was abandoned by tacit concold, dark eyes, the long upper lip; the re- sent. Gilbert, however, was disposed to laxed mouth, which dropped at the corners take the child's attitude lightly. and was seldom closed--that was not pleas- * Poor little chap!" he exclaimed with ing. She caught the thought back half a tender amusement. "I really believe he formulated. She would love Gilbert's is jealous, he has always had me so absochild, of course, and he would love her; lutely to himself. We must deal gently she would win his love.
with him. It will wear away in time."
And Mildred assented, smiling sympa
thetically. Indeed, she did not at this A few days after they had returned from time admit her doubts to herself. But their honeymoon, and were settled in their Arthur's feeling did not wear away, and new house on the Sound, Arthur was at the end of four months Mildred was brought home by his grandmother. It was forced to admit that she had natural, Mildred told herself again, that progress in his affections.