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United States. After a rough voyage, the steamer reached Boston on Friday, November 10, and six days later Thackeray arrived at the Clarendon Hotel, on the corner of Fourth Avenue and Eighteenth Street, New York, replaced in 1910 by a lofty office building. An eager audience of about twelve hundred filled every seat in Dr. Bellows's church on Broadway, below Prince Street, when Thackeray gave his first lecture on the English humorists, his subject being Swift.

Five years later Thackeray met his old friend James E. Freeman, an American artist whom he had known in Rome, and said to him:

"Since I saw you last I have been lecturing in your vast and wonderful country, and my visits were well repaid. I was delighted with both nature and man in America, and I gained the first money that I have ever been able to put aside for the future. But I very much fear I shall not be able to repeat my visits with equal success, inasmuch as in one of my lectures I spoke of your immortal Washington

of Arthur Hallam, who inspired Tennyson's "In Memoriam." For many years Thackeray was Mrs. Brookfield's constant correspondent when absent from London. She died very suddenly of heart failure in 1901, and to the last was fond of speaking of "dear Thackeray," who sent her many letters written in the United States. Her only daughter married the elder bro

to in Shackeray.

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as Mr. Washington. Do you believe your countrymen will ever forgive me?"

Among women, Mrs. Jane Octavia Brookfield was Thackeray's dearest friend. She was the wife of the Rev. William Henry Brookfield, a Cambridge classmate and lifelong friend, and is believed to have suggested the character of Lady Castlewood in "Henry Esmond," who has been described as "perhaps the finest picture of splendid, lustrous physical beauty ever given to the world." Mrs. Brookfield, a portrait of whom accompanies this article, was a famous beauty and a cousin

ther of Sir Richmond Thackeray Ritchie, husband of Lady Ritchie. In his first letter from the Clarendon to Mrs. Brookfield, the delighted novelist, with slight exaggeration, stated that he was receiving for his lectures "almost a pound a minute!" From Buffalo, on December 29, 1852, Thackeray wrote to his mother, Mrs. Carmichael Smyth:

"If my health holds out I must go on money-grubbing for some months to come. They have paid me nearly 1600£ in 2 months of wh. I have spent 200 in travellingit is awfully dear work-next month will be another profitable month-afterwards in the South not so much profit but more pleasure for February & March-afterwards profit again & afterwards-Oh ye Gods, won't I be glad to come back leaving 500£ a year behind me [invested] in this country! Then grim death will not look so grim. Then the girls will have something to live upon or to bestow upon the objects of their young affectionsthen, when the house is paid for, we may live and take things easily-then, when I have written 2 more novels, for wh. I shall get 5000£ apiece-why then, at 50, I shall be as I was at 21. You will be only a young person of 69 then, and will

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look after your great grandchildren. I He concluded with his usual tenderheartedness:

used you know to hanker after parliament, police magistracies & so forth-but no occupation I can devise is so profitable as


"And so God bless my dearest old ones and young ones in this and all succeeding

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that wh. I have at my hand in that old inkstand."

After an amusing account of a "Daguerreotypist" who requested that Thackeray "would step over" and have his "mug taken off," which he "declined with thanks," and of an alarm of fire at the Buffalo hotel, he added, "Fancy how I clutched at the desk and the sermons."


years. Have you & the girls any favoured poor? Give them 100 francs with thanks to God for our abundance."

Early in 1853, Thackeray wrote the following letter to Dr. John Brown:

"Charleston, S. C. March 25, 1853. "MY DEAR BROWN-I thought this very day how I would write a letter to Rutland

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but at seventy-two my mother will not
like to be away from him nor the children
to be away from her, and when I go home
it must be to them. So Dr. Last drives
in his chariot now! so lui fais mon com-

the day after the

told me that they hand written to

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When the
ast whether they hear might bring partners - then father welly
benevolent countenance looked as black as the rider.

bring partners to such a

thing I ever saw.



After the ball this morning Minny Jay, "Well Papa,

I think it

was very impudent of us to think of asking to

ball. Why, it was the ricot beautiful

And I was
prelly well for the It! leave this ever so long and
Harught of going. Lucky I didit. Had refused Sheriffs, on


From the original, owned by Major William H. Lambert


have been inventing plans for coming to Scotland in the summer, but who knows

pliment, I wish it was driving to the rail

way to meet me. What is this about my

how Fate will lead a man so many weeks being in love Miss Mackenzie has told hence. The same post brings me news you? That was but a very mild attack of

that my dear old stepfather has had a the disease; or an infinitesimal dose of brain attack from which he has recovered, similia similibus, I defy the fever pretty



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