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Mr. Spectator about the beauties in hoops was kept by Mrs. Bolton and her pretty and patches who are sauntering over the daughter Fanny. Captain Costigan and grass, is just as real a figure to me as old Mr. Bows lived on the third floor of No. Samuel Johnson, rolling through the fog 4, and to them once came Lady Mirabel, with the Scotch gentleman at his heels, on the daughter of the captain, and profestheir way to Mr. Goldsmith's chamberssionally known as Emily Fotheringay, the in Brick Court; or Harry Fielding, with beloved of Arthur Pendennis in his nonage. inked ruffles and a wet towel round his Next door, for a while, resided Colonel head, dashing off articles at midnight for Altamont and Captain the Chevalier Edthe Covent Garden Journal,' while the ward Strong. It was there that Mrs. printer's boy is asleep in the passage." Bonner recognized Altamont as the exThackeray added

convict Amory, and to the literary asso

Blanche

Amory, ciations of the Tem

of "Mes Larmes" ple, for he peopled

fame, met her it with his charac

father for the first ters. Therein Pen

time for many dennis shared cham

years. bers with George

It is some little Warrington in

way from ClemLamb Court, and

ent's Inn to FurTimmins, who gave

nival's Inn, which the "Little Din

place is historic as ner” his creator has

having witnessed so graphically de

the first meeting of scribed, went every

Dickens and Thackday to Fig Tree

eray. Dickens at Court;while Pump

the time was writCourt housed the

ing “Pickwick," Hon. Algernon

and he wanted in Percy

great haste an arand Mr. Richard

tist to take the Blewitt, who were

place of Buss, the barristers officially,

successor of Robert but who lived on

Seymour, as illustheir wits in pref

trator of the novel. erence to pursuing

Thackeray, who their profession. It

had been studying was the prototypes

art at Paris, called of these last two BRICK COURT, TEMPLE

upon Dickens with gentlemen who in

two or three drawveigled Thackeray as a young man into ings, which did not impress the author, card-playing, and eased him, then a most and so he retired, dejected. Ever after, gullible pigeon, of fifteen hundred pounds. Thackeray humorously persisted in reOnce, at Spa, Thackeray pointed out a ferring to the rejection of his offer as man to Sir Theodore Martin. “That," “Mr. Pickwick's lucky escape." Not far he said, “was the original of my Deu- from Furnival's Inn was Newgate Prison,

I have not seen him since the day where Thackeray, who had desired (and he drove me down in his cabriolet to failed) to be present at the execution at my brokers in the City, where I sold out Paris of Fieschi and Lacénaire, went, in my patrimony, and handed it over to him. 1840, with Richard Monckton Milnes to Poor devil!” he added, “my money does see the hanging of Courvoisier, the murnot seem to have thriven with him!” derer of Lord William Russell. The

Thackeray was not content to annex only scene made a deep impression on him. “I the Temple, but he spread his net wide confess, for my part," he wrote, "to that and captured Shepherd's Inn, which may common cant and sickly sentimentality, have been Clement's Inn. There the gate which, thank God! is felt by a great num

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ber of people nowadays, and which leads Museum, where Thackeray often worked. them to revolt against murder, whether There, in 1858, Motley found him writing performed by a ruffian's knife or a hang- the ninth number of "The Virginians. man's rope; whether accompanied by a “He took off his spectacles to see who I curse from the thief as he blows his vic- was, then immediately invited me to dintim's brains out, or a prayer from my lord ner the next day (as he seems always to on the bench in his wig and black cap.” do, every one he meets), which invitation I Later, he expressed the opinion that he could not accept," the historian has rewas wrong, and declared that his feelings corded; "and he then showed me the page were overwrought at the time of writing. he had been writing, a small, delicate, "These murderers," he said, “are such legible manuscript. After that, we condevils, after all.” But when invited to at- tinued our studies." tend another hanging, “Seeing one man When Thackeray's home was broken up hanged is quite enough in the course of a by his wife's illness, he became, until his life," he replied. “ P'y ai été, as the children were old enough to live with him, Frenchman said of hunting."

a man about town, and, to some extent, a Though, after he abandoned the law, Bohemian. He belonged to the Garrick Thackeray came to London to edit the and Reform clubs, and later was elected “National Standard,” he did not again to the Athenæum, and he used and desettle in the metropolis until the spring of lighted in them all. In his earlier years 1837, when he was summoned to take especially he loved the Garrick, and it was command of his stepfather's newspaper there he made the acquaintance of Andrew venture, “The Constitutional,” which oc- Arcedeckne, a gentleman who unconcupied most of his time until July 1, when sciously sat for Foker in “Pendennis.” it ceased to appear. Thackeray was now The portrait is like to have been lifelike, married, and he and his wife, after a brief but Arcedeckne naturally was not pleased, stay with Major and Mrs. Carmichael and he waited patiently for a chance to Smyth at No. 18 Albion Street, Hyde score off Thackeray. After the first lecPark, took a house in the old-fashioned ture on “The English Humourists of the quarter of Bloomsbury, No. 13 Great Eighteenth Century," when Foker, who Coram Street, in which resided their had been present, found Thackeray in the friends John Leech and John (afterward smoking-room of the club, receiving conArchdeacon) Allen, the prototype of Dob- gratulations from a group of friends and bin. Bloomsbury figures largely in Thack- acquaintances, “Brayvo! Thack, eray's writings. In Great Coram Street lived Mr. Todd, the junior partner in the firm of Osborne & Todd: old Osborne lived a few minutes away in the more expensive Russell Square, close by his dear friend Sedley, the father of Jos and Emmy, with whom he remained on the best of terms until Sedley became bankrupt. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Hoggarty lived in Lamb's Conduit Street, which abuts upon the forecourt of the Foundling Hospital, where Osborne erected a monument to his unforgiven son: “Sacred to the memory of George Osborne, Junior, Esq., late a Captain in His Majesty's - th regiment of foot, who fell on the 18th of June, 1815, aged 28 years, while fighting for his king and country in the glorious victory of Waterloo. Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori.The list might be greatly extended, but farewell must be taken of Bloomsbury after the bare mention that not far away was the British

YOUNG STREET, KENSINGTON

me

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Drawn by Ernest Wall-Cousins

boy!" he cried enthusiastically. “Uncom- Coffee House, with all possible secrecy mon good show! . . . But it 'll never go short of disguise, whenever I thought a without a pianner!"

good dinner and a bottle by myself would The Reform Club has made its con- do me good.” tribution to “The Book of Snobs” and All these clubs are still in existence, and “Mr. Brown's Letters to a Young Man it is perhaps more interesting to dwell about Town," and on the wall of the on the haunts, since demolished, which Strangers' Room hangs in the place of Thackeray frequented in the days when honor Laurence's well-known portrait of he was living en garçon, first in Jermyn the novelist. Looking at the menu in the Street, and then at No. 88 St. James's coffee-room of the Reform one day, Street, opposite St. James's Palace. In Thackeray noticed that

some respects Thackamong the dishes for

eray's tastes were simple, dinner was “beans and

and he found pleasure in bacon," which he dearly

the fare provided by such loved. He was engaged

places, forerunners of the to dine with a distin

music-halls of to-day, guished person that eve

as the “Cyder Cellars," ning, but he could not

the “Coal Hole," and resist “beans and bacon."

“Evans's late Joy's," as After a struggle between

the punning inscription duty and inclination,

on the lamp ran. The which ended as most such

“Coal Hole,” off the struggles do, he sat down

Strand, on the site now and wrote to his host

occupied by

by Terry's that he deeply regretted

Theater, was the least having to break his en

popular of these; but the gagement, but he had

“Cyder Cellars," not far just met an old friend

away in Maiden Lane, whom he had not seen

next to the stage-door of for years, and he must

the Adelphi Theater, was beg to be excused.

a rendezvous for the conAnother story may be

tributors to “Fraser's given as a companion to

Magazine." There Ross, this. More than once

the comedian, sang his the novelist was seen go

famous

song,

“Sam ing east at an hour of

Hall,” the chant of a the day when all the

blasphemous chimneyworld was moving west

Drawn by Frederick Gardner

sweep, who was to be ward for dinner, and a

hanged for murder the friend of his, whose curi

next morning. The osity was aroused, "stalked” him one eve- "Cyder Cellars” was the original of the ning, and found that he made his way to

"Back Kitchen," where George Warringthe Gray's Inn Coffee House, where he ton took Arthur Pendennis, and introdined in solitary state. Cordy Jeaffreson duced him to the habitués. There is in was the man who followed him, and years "Pendennis" a graphic description of the after he made his confession. “Ah! that company frequenting the “Cyder Cellars.” was when I was drinking the last of that wonderful bin of port,” Thackeray Healthy country tradesmen and farmers, laughed and explained. “It was rare in London for their business, came and rewine. There were only two dozen bottles created themselves with the jolly singing and when I came upon the remains of that bin, suppers of the Back Kitchen,-squads of and I forthwith bargained with mine host young apprentices and assistants, the shutto keep them for me. I drank every bottle ters being closed over the scenes of their and every drop myself. I shared never a labours, came hither, for fresh air doubtbottle with living man; and so long as the less,-rakish young medical students, galwine lasted, I slipped off to the Gray's Inn lant, dashing, what is called “loudly" dressed,

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COLONEL NEWCOME

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and (must it be owned?) somewhat dirty,- tle. "I 'll have a flagstaff put over the were here smoking and drinking, and vocif- coping of the wall,” he said laughingly, erously applauding the songs ;-young uni- “and I 'll hoist a standard when I 'm at versity bucks were to be found here, too, home." It was in this house that he wrote with that indescribable genteel simper which “Vanity Fair,” “Pendennis,” and “Henry is only learned at the knees of Alma Mater; Esmond.” “Down on your knees, you ras- and handsome young guardsmen, and cal,” he exclaimed mock-heroically years Aorid bucks from the St. James's Street later when passing the house in company clubs ;--nay, senators English and Irish; and with J. T. Fields, "for here 'Vanity Fair' even members of the House of Peers. was penned. And I will go down with

you, for I have a high opinion of that little At these places, over his gin and water, production myself.” When he returned Thackeray listened to the songs that in the from his first visit to the United States, early days, when he was about the town, Thackeray removed to No. 36 Onslow were too often of the equivocal nature that Square, Brompton; but early in 1862 he provoked Colonel Newcome's onslaught returned to his favorite Kensington, and when that soldier took Clive to the “Cave bought an old house, No. 2 Palace Green, of Harmony" (i.e., "Evans's”) “to see the close by the royal palace, and facing the wits,” and was so unfortunate as to hear fine old park, with its magnificent trees. one of drunken Captain Costigan's ribald He pulled down the old building, and songs. The colonel expressed his opinion erected, in the style of Queen Anne, "the of the song, the captain, and the company reddest house in all the town," as he dein his own frank and virile manner, and, scribed it to his American friends, the before he left, “that uplifted cane of the Baxters. “Upon my word,” he said encolonel's had somehow fallen on the back thusiastically, gazing upon the new strucof every man in the room.” Perhaps within ture, “it is one of the nicest houses I Thackeray's knowledge, perhaps

perhaps even

have ever seen." It was there that, on the when he was present, some such incident Christmas eve of 1863, he passed away. had occurred. The songs were not all There have been many changes in Lonindecent, and the objectionable items be- don since Thackeray lived. Soho has became fewer and fewer as the years passed, come more and more squalid. Bloomsbury and the thirties became the forties, and the has become a vast boarding-house, and the forties became the fifties. But by this time Baker Street region (which Thackeray Thackeray had lost his way to Bohemia, always hated) has become more and more though to the end of his days he main- genteel, such fashion as was there having tained that Prague was the most pic- moved westward. St. James's has not turesque city in the world.

greatly altered since Thackeray resided In later days Thackeray met James there, though the house in which he had Russell Lowell outside “Evans's,” and he stayed has been rebuilt; but the smaller looked so ill that the poet asked what was streets are very much as they were in the the matter. “Come inside, and I 'll tell days when Major Pendennis had chambers you all about it," said Thackeray. They in Bury Street, and Colonel Newcome and entered and sat down in a quiet corner. James Binnie, before migrating to Fitzroy “I have killed the colonel," said Thack- Square, put up at Nerot's Hotel in King eray; and, drawing from his pocket some Street. Mayfair has changed not at all, pages of manuscript, he read the chapter and it is still the most aristocratic area in in which the death of Thomas Newcome the world. At one time or another Thackis described. The novelist was much af- cray lived on every side of this small disfected as he read, and when he had fin- trict, yet never in it, though it is the ished the tears ran down his face.

Thackeray district par excellence. Within In the summer of 1846, Thackeray's it resided innumerable characters of his daughters came to live with him, and he creation. In Bond Street, its eastern took a house in Kensington, No. 13 (now boundary, once for a while lodged Harry 16) Young Street, where he remained for Warrington, the “Fortunate Youth” of seven years. The two semi-towerlike “The Virginians”; in Park Lane, its westembrasures delighted him, and he declared ern boundary, Sir Brian Newcome lived. that they gave it the air of a feudal cas- not far from the house occupied by Miss

LXXXII-40

Crawley, the aunt of Rawdon Crawley of it is the vast wall in front, and over the and the patroness of Becky Sharp. The wall the garret and bedroom windows and family mansion of the Crawleys was in the chimneys. Great Gaunt Street. “Having passed Not far away, and in the heart of Maythrough Shiverly Square into Great Gaunt fair, is Curzon Street, where at No. 201 Street, the carriage at length stopped at a lived for a while the Honorable Frederick tall, gloomy house between two other tall Deuceace. When that gentleman abgloomy houses, each with the hatchment sconded, Raggles, once Miss Crawley's over the middle drawing-room window, as butler, purchased the house and furniture, is the custom of houses in Great Gaunt and let it to Colonel and Mrs. Rawdon Street, in which gloomy locality death Crawley. There Lord Steyne became a seems to reign perpetual," — thus runs the constant visitor, and there he was thrashed

"Vanity Fair" describing by Rawdon, who, with all his faults, was Becky's arrival at Sir Peter Crawley's, not un mari complaisant. “He struck the when she went to take up her engagement peer twice over the face with his open as governess to his daughters. Leading out hand, and flung him bleeding to the of Great Gaunt Street is Gaunt Square, ground. It was all done before Rebecca one side of which is occupied by Gaunt could interpose. She stood there trembling House, the residence of the Most Honor- before him. She admired her husband, able George Gustavus, Marquis of Steyne. strong, brave, and victorious.” This is the Gaunt Square is the aristocratic Berkeley finest scene in "Vanity Fair"; it is, indeed, Square, and the private palace that sug- one of the most magnificent scenes in any gested Gaunt House to Thackeray stands novel. “When I wrote that scene," Thackto-day as it did when he described it, eray remarked, “I slapped my fist on the tathough now, as then, all that can be seen ble, and said, 'That is a stroke of genius.'”

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