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No. 23.

Thursday, October 23, 1890.

Price 5 Cents.

Published weekly by J. MORRISON-FULLER,

at 3 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass.

SUBSCRIPTION, $1.00 PER YEAR. POLITICS; EVENTS; COMMENTS; LITERA. TURE; (BOOKS, REVIEWS, ETC.)

“The New York Business Men's Protective Association is to protect business men of the State from improper and unwise legislation affecting legitimate business; to protest against the encroachments of monopolies upon public rights; to discourage fraudulent practices in business, and for such other purposes as the association may deem necessary to the public welfare."

“ That a necessity exists for the formation of an organization of this kind,” say the merchants, “ is made more and more apparent every year by a condition forced upon business men of fighting single handed unjust and discriminating bills introduced into our legislative halls, which are designed to embarrass and annoy the business community; by the usurpation of power to perpetuate monopolies, and confer upon a favored few undue advantages over the many; by the growing tendency on the part of political organizations to work out their selfish and oft-times corrupt schemes in a manner calculated to prolong their ascendency in power to the detriment of the mercantile interests of the State."

IN MEDIAS RES.

NATIONAL. The Commissioner of the General Land Office, in his last annual report to the Secretary of the Interior, says that the area patented to the States under the grants for educational and internal improvements has increased three hundred per cent. For the benefit of the railroad companies there were patented under the law 363,362 acres. The commissioner says that the most valuable timber on public lands is being rapidly exhausted, and that the laws upon the subject are utterly inadequate to protect properly either the public forests from unlawful appropriation or the interests of the settlers.

The Indian Conference, in the platform for 1890, emphasizes the necessity of non-partisan administration and permanent tenure in the Indian bureau, and protests against the removal of capable officials for party reasons. Among the other suggestions made to Congress are, first, that Congress make such increasing appropriations as may be necessary to provide all Indian children with common-school education at Government expense, and second, that Congress provide for the extension of education in industrial arts, which are essential to preparation for self-support.

It is not generally known that there exists in the United States a national organization of railway employees, one of the main objects of which is the prevention of legislation hostile to the interests of railroad companies and their employees. The preamble to the Constitution of the organization (which includes all the branches of the service) is as follows:

“The highest court in several of the States has decided that the railroad commission may make, according to the present laws, any rate they please for the railroads, whether it pays for the service or not. A majority of the legal voters make the commission by electing the governor. The railroad employees are voters, and have the right to help make the rates. We are entitled to a fair day's wages for a fair day's work, and we cannot get, or expect it, unless the roads get a fair price for services rendered. The tendency of late is towards a heavy reduction in rates. Those who make such demands of the roads do not stop to consider the vast army of employees and their families who are directly dependent upon the earnings of the road which employs them. This condition has assumed such proportions that our railways are getting neither fair nor living prices, and, as a result, their employees cannot get fair wages or steady employment. In union among ourselves we shall find strength to protect our interests, and we shall find it in no other way. We, the railroad employees in the United States and Territories, agree to form an association to promote our interests, and our social and intel.

There is a movement on foot among New York merchants to organize a Business Men's Protective Association for the purpose of defending legitimate business interests against improper legislation. The organization is to be non-partisan. In the call issued by the originators of the scheme, it is stated that:

lectual improvement, and to prevent by all legitimate and honorable means any hostile action from the Legislatures, the commission, and the courts, and in rite the earnest co-operation of all railroad employees in America for those purposes."

At the last annual conference of the Newsdealers' and Booksellers' National Association it was decided to get a bill through Congress which should have for its object the removal of the postal discriminations unjustly maintained against the interest of the newsdealers.

members whose names appeared on ne ther side of the roll-call have been held to be constructively absent. Speaker Reed ignored this general rule for the partisan purpose of carrying the bill, and, having the constructive absentees under his eye, counted them as present, contrary to their wishes, and thus secured the necessary quorum. The importers claim that the law passed under these circumstances is unconstitutional, and all importations of worsteds having been classed as woollens under it, the importers question every such decision. Judge Somerville is his decision sustains the ruling of Speaker Reed, and declares the law constitutional. But the importers will probably carry the case into the United States Supreme Court.

The New Orleans democratic anti-lottery State committee is endeavoring to arouse public interest in favor of the following measures :

The passage by Congress, at its next session, of a law prohibiting express companies from carrying lottery tickets into a State which prohibits their purchase or sale; and also prohibiting express companies, or any of their agents, from in any manner aoting, directly or indirectly, as lottery agents.

The passage, at the next session of Congress, of an amendment to the Constitution of the United States prohibiting any State in the Union from granting or maintaining a lottery charter (the Blair amendment).

Based on the prices now prevailing, and on the statements of dealers, a moderate estimate of the increased cost of living in this city for the year 1891 is one fifth. That is to say, it will take $1.20 to buy what has been got for $1. A man who gets S600 a year will be no better off than he would have been last year with $500; a man with $900 no better than he would have been last year with $750.

Nero York Times.

A recent Sunday edition of the San Francisco Examiner was excluded from the mails because it contained a list of prizes won at a church-fair lottery.

As originally framed, the bill giving fifteen days' leave annually to clerks in first and second class post-offices contained a provision for getting substitutes to work while the clerks were away. But this provision was stricken out in the passage of the bill, and neither assistance nor extra compensation allowed to the clerks obliged to do the extra work. The post-office officials and the public are likely to experience considerable inconvenience from this law.

Statistics furnished by the British customs officers at the ports of British Columbia show that during the year 1889 something like 180,000 pounds of smoking opium was smuggled into the United States, causing a loss of revenue amounting to $1,800,000. From March, 1887, until December, 1889, there were landed in British Columbia 6.816 Chinamen, four fifths of whom were smuggled into the United States. The Treasury Department believes that the extent of smuggling is even greater than the fig. ures show, and it is feared that the new tariff law will result in a vast increase of the smuggling trade.

Judge Somerville, member of the Board of General Appraisers, has rendered an opinion upon an important question that has arisen under the customs administration law. The decision is rendered upon a number of protests made by importers against the classification of worsteds as .woollens, and it involves the constitutionality of the tariff law, which is brought in question by the circumstances under which it passed the House. It is well known that, in order to procure the quorum, a majority of which was necessary to pass the bill, Speaker Reed counted as present the Democratic Congressmen who were present and who refused to vote on the call of the roll on the passage of the bill. According to universal parliamentary usage,

The Treasury Department will give within the next few weeks a series of hearings to persons interested in the subject of creating a national bureau of maritime information Recommenda. tions will be made to Congress, in the line proposed by the International Marine Conference. The proposed bureau will have charge of matters relating to merchant vessels and seamen, and will make suggestions both to the Government and to shipowners relative to new apparatus and plans for marine use, such as life-saving appliances, systems of running lights and signals in thick weather; will collect information regarding maritime matters and publish the same, and prepare recommendations to Congress.

A newspaper dispatch from Washington says: " There are now stored away in the basement

A recent imperial decree has interdicted the teaching of French in all the primary schools of Alsace-Lorraine.

of the building used by Robert P. Porter as his headquarters hundreds of machines which were provided for tabulating census returns, but which have proved useless for the purpose. They were invented by a cousin of Mr. Porter, and purchased under a contract with a company in which the inventor was foremost. Upon trial being made, however, the machines were discovered to be practically useless for the purposes for which they were intended, and they have been gradually discarded. This matter has been called to the attention of several congressmen, and it is probable that an investigation will shortly be ordered into the transaction.”

The French Minister of Finance intends to propose a special tax on patent and other medicines that obtain large sales through extensive advertising. His proposal is · heartily approved” by the Academie de la Medicine,

Riots are reported in various parts of China, caused by the efforts to collect the new native opium import.

Certain French newspapers are charging the French Minister of Finance with making use of his official position to conduct speculations on the Bourse. The general impression is that a repetition of the Wilson scandals is about to be witnessed in Paris.

In 1850 there was one criminal in the United States to every 3,410 people. In 1890 there is one criminal in the United States to every 860 people.

A dispatch from Rome announces that the committee appointed to arrange for a representation of Italian art and industry at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893 has dissolved, the committee having found that in view of the United States' new tariff law few Italian manufacturers, or others, were willing to send exhibits to Chicago.

In England there is no Sunday closing act; in Wales there is. There is nearly fifty per cent more Sunday drunkenness in Wales than in England.

The French government will submit to the Senate and Chamber simultaneously a bill providing for a maximum tariff on goods from countries whose customs regulations are unfavorable to French products, and a minimun tariff on imports from countries favorable to France in their tariffs.

An agent who has lately returned to Halifax from Prince Edward Island says that the crew of the schooner “Mary Jane” might have been saved had not the government official insisted on obtaining permission from Ottawa to allow the would-be rescuers a government boat. While this permission was being obtained the crew perished.

The international telegraphic rates on the continent will conform, after next July 1st, with the schedule fixed by the recent telegraphic conference in Paris. Between Germany and adjoining countries, the rate will be two and one half cents per word; between Germany and Great Britain and Italy, three and one half cents per word; and between Germany and Russia or Spain, five cents per word.

With the view to encourage sheep breeding in Crimea, the Russian Ministry of the Interior has decided to advance money on profitable terms to ranchmen importing and breeding the best kinds of sheep.

The Vienna correspondent of the London Times says that the Austrian government will negotiate with Germany for the purpose of concluding a treaty which shall enable manufacturers to make calculations on a firm basis without fear of being upset by new customs regulations,

STATE AND MUNICIPAL. San Francisco fruit dealers have lately organized a society for mutual protection against police discrimination and injustice. There is a city ordinance in existence regulating the obstruction of the sidewalks, and the small deal. ers claim that the ordinance is not equitably enforced. At a meeting of the fruit dealers, the temporary chairman stated that the police of the city contented themselves with the enforcement of the law against the poor dealers in the outskirts of the city, and paid no attention whatever to the infractions of the wealthier houses along the streets mentioned. He related how the houses along those streets daily exposed their entire stock of merchandise along the sidewalk in front of their stores, leaving only a narrow passageway for pedestrians, and how those whose business compelled them to pass along those streets did so at their cost, as the projecting steel bands of the fruit boxes and the sharp edges of the same often worked sad havoc with their clothing. Such was a daily occurrence, he

said, and under the very eyes of the watchful house, and the following legend : · Register! police, yet nothing was done, no reports made, For the Little School-house! Stand by it!” the guardians of the city's weal contenting them This, of course, is intended as an indirect attack selves with the apprehension of the poor stand upon the Democrats, who favor the abolition of owners in the suburbs, while the more opulent the compulsory education law. firms were allowed free license.

When the Circuit Court convened at LexingThe feeling against Gov. Steele, of Oklohama, ton, Mo., on Oct. 13th, Judge Ryland ordered the is very bitter, in consequence of his veto of the

grand jury especially to investigate reports bill locating the territorial capital at Oklohama

regarding the indulgence, at private residences, City. Fears are entertained that the threats in games of cards for money, such as progresagainst his life that are openly made may be sive eucre and high fine. The judge ordered the carried out.

grand jury to return indictments against all

card players, without regard to sex, age, or The Farmers' Alliance has decided to boycott social standing, as he wanted the universal any South Carolina merchant known to be in

breaking of the law stopped. favor of the Democratic ticket.

A Cincinnati man who has been arrested The election law passed by the last Indiana

twenty-eight times for the violation of the law legislature has been declared unconstitutional by forbidding the sale of liquors on Sunday was the State supreme court. The judges find that

tried lately by a jury on this charge. The jury the Legislature has added to the qualifications of

could not agree on a verdict, although many povoters, which it could not legally do. Demo.

lice officers testified that they had been in his cratic papers charge that the decision is a par

place on a Sunday, together with many others, tisan one, which will benefit the Republican

and had been sold liquor. Some jurors said they party.

could not convict on unsupported police evi

dence, while others did not think a man should Colored Republican delegates from nineteen

be sent to a workhouse for such an offence. counties of South Carolina met at Columbus, and adopted resolutions declaring that the negroes “do not desire social equality nor de

A decision was rendered in the United States mand political supremacy as a race; but as citi

Circuit Court in Topeka, Kan., allowing the zens of the State and the United States, they do

reopening of “ original-package” liquor houses demand a just and fair share in that adminis

in the State, and declaring that the Wilson bill tration,” and condemning the “bitter partisan

enacted by Congress does not restore the power feeling and rashness which tend to stir up strife

of the Kansas prohibitory law as against origiamong the races.'

nal-package saloons.

It is charged that the Republican committee is paying negroes in Kansas City forty cents each for registering. Candidates stand outside the register's office, and each negro under contract receives a ticket from him. The tickets are punched inside, and each punched ticket is exchangeable for forty cents in a room presided over by another of the candidates.

A bill in equity has been filed by a prominent lawyer against the city of Pittsburg. The object is to secure other custodians of the city's sinking fund than the finance committee of councils, which now has charge of the fund. The complainant shows that the city has failed to create a suitable trustee for the care of the fund, and that the members of the finance committee are untrustworthy. One of them is shown to have been frequently arrested for violations of the law, another is shown to have been a defaulter, and still another to have been tried for receiving stolen goods He also charges that a bank in which the members of the committee are interested, with a capital of $200,000, holds each year over $600,000 of city money.

The compulsory education law is becoming an important factor in the Illinois political campaign; candidates for the Legislature are asked to pledge themselves to vote for its repeal. Fifteen Democrats are known to have signed the pledge, but the Republicans seem to be ready to make their campaign a campaign for compulsory education.

The Wisconsin Republican papers are printing alongside their titles a cut of a little school

The New York Times charges that the mayor of the city of New York, who has been renomi. nated, is unable to write grammatically the

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