Puslapio vaizdai
PDF
„ePub“
[ocr errors]

IN GENERAL,

navigable rivers, when enormous sums are expended

upon creeks and shallow waters on the Atlantio The chief business of the Mississippi Con

coast. stitutional Convention, now in session at “Western people, regardless of party, are Jackson, is the regulation and restriction of silver-coinage people, and when they make a de suffrage, with a view to secure the perma

mand for the white metal they make a demand they nent supremacy of the white elements. The believe to be right, and they want it. I believe such colored voters outnumber the whites by about

a convention as I have proposed would be a unit

upon this question. The West is not free trade, nor seventy thousand. Of the total voting popu

is the South, but we all have views upon the tariff lation of about 209,000, only 96,000 were liter that are not in harmony with our more Eastern ates, in 1880. The whites desire to restrict the neighbors, and, this being the case, we desire to give ignorant and corrupt voting of the colored the weight of united action to our views. We are elements, while unwilling to extend the same

not exactly pleased with the apportionment of Represtrictions to the illiterate whites. The plan

resentatives in Congress. We do not believe the

proportion of 4,000 to 8,000 votes in the East should of suffrage agreed upon by the committee on

have greater voice in the halls of Congress than elective franchise embraces the modification 15,000 to 30,000 votes in the West. We desire more of the Australian ballot system, known as the Congressmen, and that, too, without increasing the Dortsch law: A residence of two years in the

present membership in the House of RepresentaState and one in the voting precinct, the

tives." prepayment of a poll tax of $2, and qualified woman suffrage, based upon the possession

The Washington correspondent of the by her or her husband, if married, of real

New York World writes that Washington property to the value of $200. The property lawyers are discussing the question whether qualification of the Dortsch law was not

the officers of the District Assembly, No. 246, adopted, and an educational qualification is

of the Knights of Labor, are not liable to provided for, limited to the ability of the

prosecution under the provisions of the Act voter to understand the Constitution when it

entitled “An Act to protect trade and comis read to him.

merce against unlawful restraints and monopolies." A prominent Senator is reported as

saying: Senator H. B. Kelly, of McPherson, Kan., will introduce into the State Senate a resolu

“I believe that by the enforcement of the first

section of that act, a great many strikes on railroads tion embodying a plan for a conference of

and in other fields will be averted. While it was Western States, for the purpose of agreeing evidently not the intention of the framers of the law on concerted action against the East. He is to interfere in any way with the liberties of the reported in the papers as saying:

laboring classes to strike at will, still the first sec

tion, under a strict and literal interpretation, would “I do not have in view any war upon the East,

seem to make it a misdemeanor. There is no doubt yet my resolutions, if adopted by all the States,

that the Knights of Labor could be put either in the would have the result of concentrating the power of

category of combinations or conspiracies, and, as for the West and South and directing that power against

instance, in the New York Central strike, are the East. There is no longer a North and a South.

rostraining trade. While the spirit of the law eviThe term has been changed, and it now is an East

dently does not aim at strikes, I have no doubt that and West. Most of the things we want the East

if a test case be made of it, it would result in the does not want, and usually what the East wants we

conviction of the men.” – New York World, Aug. 23. can do very well without. I do not mean to say that we would oppose all that the East wants, but by united action we would force the East to give us According to a rough estimate of the popuwhat we need, or else we would stop the wheels

lation of Western States given out by the long enough to make that section very uneasy. “We want our share of appropriations as usually

Census Bureau, Missouri has gained, in ten made in the River and Harbor Bill, which, I am free

years, 500,000; South Dakota leaps from alto say, constitute the greater half. We have the most nothing to 340,000; and Minnesota and productions, the people, and the wealth, if we can Nebraska show a phenomenal growth. Iowa, only develop it. We desire to reach the markets in

however, situated centrally among

these such ways as best suit us, and not send our grain and

States, has 166,285 less population than it had cattle according to the wishes of the buyer. We want three or more deep harbors on the Gulf of

ten years ago, and 300,000 fewer people than it Mexico, at each of which we will build great cities.

had five years ago. This falling off is ascribed We want no more niggardly appropriations for our by Western newspapers to the Prohibition

law, passed five years ago.

The Kansas City Meanwhile, vast stretches of uncultivated lands are Times says:

everywhere observable, title to which has been ao

quired by evasions of law. The numerous methods “ Proscription has dealt to Iowa a blow such as

of disposal now existing, and the laxity of precauneither drought, nor panic, nor devastating storms,

tionary provisions against misappropriation, are renor scarcely war, would have been able to give.

sulting in a waste of the public domain, without the Three hundred thousand people have left the State

compensation attendant upon small ownerships for within five years! Two hundred thousand more

actual settlement." good citizens, who would, in the natural course of things, have settled in the State during those five

One of his successors reported that “the years, have passed through it, or have gone around files of this office groan with the pitiful apit, or have stopped short of its borders. Missouri peals of settlers to be protected against and Illinois and Minnesota, or South Dakota and

fraudulent surveys”; while as to depredaNebraska, have them. Prohibition has cost the

tions upon public timber, he declared them State of Iowa an average — including what she had and lost, and what she would have had without pro

to be “universal, flagrant, and limitless," hibition — of more than two thousand population a

despoiling “ whole ranges of townships covweek during a period of two hundred and sixty ered with pine, the forests at head waters weeks! There is a record for the Prohibitionists to of streams, and timber along the water contemplate with pride, if they can.”

courses." In California, the entries of red

wood in Humboldt County by a company The House Judiciary Committee, in their whose stock was mainly subscribed for in favorable report of the bill to prohibit aliens Scotland are well remembered. Of course from acquiring lands within the United the offending cattle syndicates, corporations, States, called attention to the encroachments and individuals are oftener American than of British corporations on the rights of the foreign; but any misuse by the latter of laws homestead settler. A noticeable share of that have allowed them to acquire land is the practice of fencing in public lands with notcieable. In some case their agents may barbed wire, in order to use it for cattle, have caused titles to be taken by their own often to the detriment of adjoining settlers, employees, who afterward transferred them is attributed to alien owners.

to the company; in others, the corporations Some time ago, a single company, composed have unlawfully fenced in public lands adof Scotchmen, called the Prairie Cattle Com- joining their own and guarded them with the pany, was found to have illegally fenced in shot-guns of their cowboys. one tract containing sixteen square miles, another containing twenty-five, a third con London physicians are clamoring for a law taining twenty-five, a fourth containing sev restricting the public performance of hypenty-five, and a fifth containing one hundred. notic experiments, now greatly in vogue, on Eight cases in all were found against that one the ground that much injury is done to the company in Colorado and Nebraska, and its health of the amateur investigators of hypunauthorized fencings, according to the re notism. A bill restricting and regulatiug ports of agents, amounted to over one mil

such performances is to be introduced into lion acres. American companies are still parliament. more largely guilty of these practices.

Six years ago, Land Commissioner McFar The dignitaries of the Church of England land sounded a warning against the waste of are indignantly protesting against the precethe public domain. What with the acquisi dence which has been accorded Cardinal tion of scores of millions of acres by great Manning on a royal commission. They corporations, either through fraudulent eva blame the Prince of Wales for exalting a sions of the laws or open defiance of them, dignitary of a church which does not enjoy sometimes aided by the complicity of corrupt the sanction of the government. The official government officials, and with the imperfect recognition of Cardinal Manning's position is system on which our homestead, pre-emption, claimed to threaten the spiritual liberties of desert, and timber laws were originally based, England. that officer found this result impending:“The time is near at hand when there will be no

The New York State Firemen's Associapublic lands to invite settlement or to afford citizens

tion, in the convention recently held in of the country an opportunity to secure cheap homes. Watertown, found it necessary to adopt anti

tion says:

political resolutions and protest against the by wholesale, and that they sold their rights use of the association in the interest of poli for fifty cents or a glass of beer. A club of ticians. G. M. Irish, the president, was thirty colored men sold their votes in a body found guilty, by a committee of investigation,

for $150. of the charge of trying to use the association in the interests of candidates for political

Two Hindoo merchants landed from the office.

steamship “Richmond Hill," on Tuesday,

Aug. 26. As they could not speak English, An English statesman is conferring with and as no interpreter was at hand, they were the postal authorities of the United States arrested on suspicion, by the Contract Labor with reference to the advisability of reducing inspector, and taken to the barge office. postage on foreign letters. The steamship

The steamship They were detained in the immigrant pen companies get one cent each for carrying let all day, charged with being paupers. Then ters across the water.

it was found that they were not immigrants at all, and that their detention was illegal.

The merchants propose to bring suit against There is a movement on foot, among print the Government. ers to petition the Government to cease printing, free of expense to the buyers, business addresses on stamped envelopes, on the

A committee of the New York Legislature ground that it is taking business away from

makes the charge that certain Interference them. An organ of the printers' organiza

cases pending in the Patent Office, and apparently antagonistic, are really controlled on

both sides by the Bell Company, and that a “We think that our Representatives, instead of settlement of them has been postponed for frittering away time to protect infant industries, had better be forming a bill to prevent the Government

years by the great corporation which reprefrom slaughtering an industry already established.”

sents both sides of the apparent controversy, in order that it may be able, when a settle

ment shall have been reached, to prolong its The Wisconsin Republicans, in the platform monopoly for a term of years from the date adopted at their State convention, thus speak of that settlement by means of the winning of the Bennett Compulsory Education law: device. “We believe that the Compulsory Education law,

The Iowa Railroad Commissioners have passed by the last Legislature is wise and humane in all its essential purposes, and we are opposed to its

asked the governor to request the attorneyrepeal; but at the same time, we assert that the general to bring suit against all the Iowa parent and guardian has the right to select the time roads which have refused to put in operation of the year and the place, whether public or private, the schedule of joint-rates prepared by the or wherever located, in which his child or ward shall

commission. The railroad officials question receive instruction, and we pledge ourselves to modify the existing law so that it shall conform to these

the validity of the joint-rate law under which declarations."

the commissioners operated in fixing the

schedule. The promise to amend the Bennett law is made to win back the Lutheran vote, which

The Treasury Department has just renbrought about the defeat of the Republicans dered a decision to the effect that articles at the Milwaukee municipal election.

brought from abroad by citizens of the United States, and intended as presents, are

clearly subject to duty under the law. For the first time in many years the election in Chattanooga went Democratic, and the Republicans charge that the Australian The authorities of the city of Waterbury ballot law has operated to disfranchise many (Conn.) are trying to enforce an ordinance negroes. The Observer, a paper owned and forbidding locomotive tooting in the city's edited by negroes, says that the negroes sold limits. A large number of suits have been their certificates (the law requires each voter brought to exact the penalties for disobedito be registered and to receive a certificate) ence to the ordinance.

In the city of New York less than one per from private concerns during the six months, cent of the population is recognized, under paying therefor thirty-seven cents per thouthe law, as worth enough above legal exemp sand feet, and selling it to consumers for $1.50, tions to be liable to a tax for personal prop- making a profit of over a million dollars on erty. The tax office laid assessments under the transaction. This more than equals the head of personal property against 24,030 the cntire profits, so that it would appear persons; but 12,320 of this number submitted that the only sure way for a city to make affidavits that they were not liable for per money in the gas business is to purchase it sonal taxes, and 10,140 of them succeeded in from private producers.-- Boston Herald. getting their names erased from the tax rolls.

The question which chiefly agitated the The citizens of Columbus (Ohio) have just constitutional convention of Mississippi, probdiscovered that the county treasury has been

ably the one it was specially designed to con. suffering for years from the ravages of the

sider, was the franchise. But the discussion county officers, who have been piling up

loses much of its general interest, as the remoney in a manner that has been a surprise sult will of importance, because of the pecuto all. During the past few years the city liar conditions which give rise to the one, and has been engaged in laying pavements in

are to be affected by the other. Although every direction. The discovery has just been

the limitations of franchise, which, it seems made that the county auditor and treasurer

certain, will be accomplished, must be conhave, during that time, taken two and a half

trived subject to the reconstruction amendper cent each for placing and collecting the

ments of the Federal Constitution, and will assessments upon the property abutting the

therefore appear general in their expression, improvements. These officers have thus been

their operation is intended to affect only the able to put in their own pockets from fifteen

negro vote.

While the result thus lacks gento twenty thousand dollars each every year.

erality, it gains importance in another way.

For now again a deliberative assembly is reA large number of the patrons of one of quired to find a solution for the problem of the public bath-houses in New York City the co-existence of a superior and an inferior were lately found to be suffering with eye race on terms of nominal political equality. diseases. Investigation led to the discov The disadvantages of having to pretend that ery that the bath-house was located at the things are equal which are really unequal, that mouth of a public sewer, and that the things are so which are not so, will now rebathers had been poisoned by the foul water. ceive a new illustration. Meanwhile democSanitary Inspector Doty investigated the racy languishes. condition of the other city baths and found the water more or less filled with noxious

Here is a little list of the allies of the presparticles at every bath except one. The Health Board ordered the removal of the

ent aims, methods, and performances of the

Government, — taken, with slight variations, baths to places where the water is not fouled

from the prospectus of Free Life. There are by the sewers, and also authorized an inspec

different species, but the lowest of all is the tion of private bath-houses.

socialist :

Tories, who is their bewilderment and helpThe results of the manufacture of gas by lessness plunge into radicalism; the city of Philadelphia for the first six Radicals with stores of unconverted, undemonths of the current year throw some fur filed Toryism in their hearts; ther light on the subject of municipal gas Bureaucrats built up of the stuff of pedmaking. It appears that all the gas con antry; sumed there during this period amounted to Politicians anxious to magnify their trade 2,580,379,000 feet, yielding a profit of $879,- and calling, who run the great machine for 419 to the city. This looks as if the city was their own glory and profit; making a good thing of manufacturing gas, Half-cunning, half-deluded men, who have but an examination of the accounts shows never discriminated between their convictions that the city bought 925,222,000 feet of gas and their interests;

The more or less worthy citizens who, for ligence among the class as yet almost wholly want of careful thought, use the first weapon dependent upon what may be called capitalthat is put in their hands to fight evil; and, istic control and supervision, – the natural worst of all, the STATE SOCIALIST:

inference would be that philanthropic effort, To the minds of all these, the one thing directed toward facilitating the transition, needful for reforming the world (i. e., every would be successfully exerted, when exerted one but themselves) is a policeman and a at all. straight-jacket.

Yet so frightful is the blight of governmental interference with things industrial

that a very powerful effort toward aiding The recent strike of the London policemen

workmen to form co-operative societies has has drawn forth a variety of opinions as to

just now been thwarted in France by the the causes and the consequences of it, and

intervention of the political machinery. I at last we have the sentiment of the burglar

was about to say political ageucy, but classiinterest as to the effect of the strike on that

cal prejudice forbids the use of a word apt to particular branch of industry. Paradoxical

suggest the association of intelligence with as it may seem, the burglar sentiment was

POLITICS. In 1878, Benjamin Rampal left a very strong in condemnation of the strike,

legacy of 1,500,000 francs to be devoted to because, during the time of its continuance,

making loans to co-operative societies in burglary was extra bazardous and unprofit

Paris. Five years later, or in 1883, 400,000 able. It so happened that, the nominal pro

francs became available for this purpose, and tection of the police having been withdrawn,

was accordingly lent to forty-nine societies, the citizens fell back on the right of self

and since then other instalments have been protection, and this proved so bewildering to

applied in the same manner, making in all, the burglars in its methods, and so eflicient in

at present, 447,000 francs. The time for its action, that they emphatically denounced

repayment has not yet expired, in the case of the strike as altogether unnecessary and un

fifteen of the societies, whose joint loans justifiable on the part of the police. As soon

amount to 197,000 francs. In the interval as the strike was declared “off” and the po

ending December, 1889, loans amounting to licemen had returned to duty, a very gratify- 250,000 francs have therefore fallen due. ing revival was observed in the burglar trade.

The fate of these loans is most interesting. Some people outside of London are applying

Of the favored societies, three were behindthe moral of all this, and the opinion is gain- hand in that month, but still in operation; ing ground that there are some cities even in

eighteen were in process of liquidation, or America where a strike of the police would

had already dissolved; seven (presumably be of great assistance to honesty, liberty, and

other) societies are put down as bankrupt. law. - Gen. Trumbull in the Open Court.

*Only six societies have met their obligations,

a total of 13,950 francs. The loss to the

fund has already amounted to nearly one LESSONS OF GOVERNMENT ADMINIS

half of the loans, – one half, that is, of 447,TRATION OF TRUST FUNDS.

000 francs; say 220,000 francs. But the sum A fact which has received some attention of 197,000 francs is not yet due, so that the - enough to place its reality beyond question loss is 220,000 francs out of a total of 250,000 - is that co-operative societies have flour francs. Nearly nine tenths of the money ished in France as they have nowhere else. due from the loans in compliance with the The most cautious students of industrial provisions of the bequest of Benjamin Rampal progress have long reached the conclusion has been lost in six years! that co-operation is destined to take the place How has this stupendous failure been conof the present system of production, at least, summated? What is the origin of these in manufacturing. It might be presumed, insolvencies? Where is the seat of the therefore, that any aid extended to workmen infirmity? Philanthrophy, well-directed toto make the transition easier for them would ward an end assuredly good, toward an end meet with a large degree of success. When which contemporary experience proves to be it is established that things are already tend feasible and wise-what defect has misguided ing that way, - meaning the growth of intel its beneficence? what flaw has marred its exe

« AnkstesnisTęsti »