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WILLIAM BARKER, D.D.S.
132 BOYLSTON STREET,
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of its function, must be considered as hav
SENATE. ing ever been, in all its branches, political, On June 9, after petitions and resolutions
one proposing a Constitutional amendment religious, and ceremonial, beneficial, and,
for the election of postmasters — the Silver indeed, absolutely necessary. On the
Bill was taken up, and Mr. COCKRELL ad
dressed the Senate. He said that the disother side, government, in all its forms, crimination which permitted the free and must be regarded as subser ving a tempo
unlimited coinage of gold but not of silver
was unjust, and should be discontinued. rary office, made needful by the unfitness The House Silver Bill was then laid before
the Senate, but, consideration of it having of aboriginal humanity for social life; and
been deferred, Mr. Vest called up his bill to the successive diminutions of its coercive
"prohibit monopoly in the transportation of
Cattle to foreign countries.” After a most ness in State, in Church, and in Custom, desultory discussion of the feasibility of intromust be looked upon as steps towards its
ducing the previous question into the rules of
the Senate, and of the probability of disposfinal disappearance. To complete the con ing soon of the Silver Bill, the consideration
of the Cattle Bill was proceeded with. ception, there requires to be borne in mind
[The bill provides that no clearance shall the third fact, that the genesis, the main be granted to a vessel plying as a common
carrier from the United States to a foreign tenance, and the decline of all govern country the owners or officers of which shall
refuse to receive, in the order they may be ments, however named, are alike brought offered, said vessel having storage room for
the same, any cattle for transportation to a about by the humanity to be controlled; foreign country, the said cattle being in sound
condition suitable for transportation and the from which may be drawn the inference
shipper tendering the reasonable freight that, on the average, restrictions of every
therefor; or who shall make any contract or
agreement, creating a monopoly of the kind cannot last much longer than they are
capacity of said vessel for carrying cattle in
violation of the law governing and regulatwanted, and cannot be destroyed much ing the duties and obligations of common
carriers of cattle to the public and providing faster than they ought to be.
unjust discrimination between shippers.]
A vote having been taken on an amend After some discussion, a resolution was ment to this disclosed the lack of a quorum, adopted requesting the President to confer and the bill went over.
with Great Britain, and procure the abroga
tion of the regulations which compel cattle imJune 10th, after the House Silver Bill had ported from this country to be slaughtered beeu referred, several new bills were intro at the port of entry. duced :
With as little or less discussion, the bill for Appropriating $7,752,000 to pay the Choc the Inspection of Cattle intended for extaw and Chickasaw Indians certain claims; port was passed. This requires the Secretary
Appropriating the money realized from the of Agriculture to inspect, when and where he sale of the property of Mormon Church, pleases, cattle intended for export either as lately declared forfeited by the Supreme live stock or as meat; clearance to be withCourt, to the public schools of Utah, at the
held from vessels which do not exhibit the discretion of the Secretary of Interior; inspector's certificate.
Prohibiting the sale of liquor on the premises of any expositions, for which appropria
June 12th, speeches were made on the tions shall have been made by the United States.
Silver Bill by Messrs. Evarts, Vance, and The consideration of the Silver bill was
Morgan. All seemed to favor free coinage. then resumed, and it was agreed to end the debate on June 13.
June 13th, the time for debate on silver coinA discussion sprung up on an amendment age was extended to June 16th, and Messrs. to order that no funds available for the public Morgan, Aldrich, and Stewart spoke. Mr. debt shall be retained in the Treasury in ex Aldrich opposed free coinage. The debate cess of $110,000,000.
was continued by Messrs. Reagan and Daniel After this, a speech by Mr. Teller was in favor of free coinage. listened to (?), in which he declared that “Wall Street men,” so far from representing the interests of the country, were men who
June 14th, a number of bills were taken had never done an honest day's work in their
from the calendar and passed: appropriations lives, never produced an article of commerce,
for buildings and bridges, as well as thirtynor promoted industry, etc., etc. He said
five private pension bills. A discussion of that the debtors should be relieved of their
the bill to apply the proceeds of land sales to burden, but without detriment to the credit
the endowment of scientific and industrial ors; he did not say how this could be accom
colleges sprung up, but no vote was taken. plished. Mr. Call spoke in favor of free coinage,
HOUSE. after which several minor bills were disposed - public buildings for New London and June 9th, a new Silver Bill was introduced. Washington.
It provides for the free coinage of silver, and
for the issue of Treasury notes each year to June 11th, the Finance Committee reported
the amount of the Federal revenue for that adversely the bill to lend money on mort year; Treasury notes to be issued also to gages, and the bill to abolish hard money,
replace the retiring national-bank notes. and these measures were laid aside indefi
The Committee on Judiciary (which ought nitely.
to be, but is not, the most important CongresA bill was introduced to incorporate the
sional committee) reported the bill to proInternational American Bank, as
hibit the acquisition by aliens of titles to land. mended by the Secretary of State.
In the accompanying report it is stated twentyThe Silver bill was taken up, and Messrs.
one million acres are now owned by non-resiEustis and Turpie spoke in favor of free
dent aliens. The bill declares all aliens coinage.
incompetent to hold land titles, and contains The consideration of the Cattle bill was
a provision intended to compel present owners resumed, and, after an insignificant amend
to sell out or to become citizens within ten ment was immediately passed.
June 10th, the Senate Bill regulating the June 14th, the consideration of the above bottling of beer was laid before the House, bill was continued, but no vote was taken. and the bill permitting the export of beer in bond, instead of under the present drawback “The strike on the Consolidated Street Railsystem, was immediately passed.
way in Columbus, Ohio, which has been in The House then went into Committee of
progress seven days, culminated Monday in the Whole for a short time, during which the scenes which bordered on a riot. The princiPost-Office appropriation bill was supposed pal trouble the company has had was the fail-' to be under consideration. This was reported ure to get police protection to start the cars. and immediately passed.
Public sympathy has been with the strikers.
An attempt was made Monday to run two June 11th, the sundry Civil appropriation cars, but the strikers were on hand in force, bill was reported from committee.
It car and crowded the cars to overflowing. They ries appropriations of over $27,849,000, or soon had the cars derailed, to the enjoyment $2,000,000 more than that of last year.
of the thousands of spectators who lined the The conference report on the Dependent streets. Although four policemen were on Pension was introduced, and led to some dis each car, they made no show towards restraincussion. Many members objected to the ing the mob.” measure because it was not liberal enough. (According to report, the dependent and ser
In a case decided in the Court of Claims, vice clauses having been both omitted, leaving the Cunard Steamship Company has been only the disability pensions.) The supporters
made to suffer for a change in the laws of the of the bill said it would distribute $35,000,000 United States. The company was not in this to soldiers, 250,000 being thereby pensioned
case, observe, made to suffer merely by a law, for the first time, while the pensions of
but by a change in the law. The Court has 50,000 already on the rolls would be increased.
refused to allow the drawback on some coal The report was agreed to (145–59).
stored in the bonded warehouse in Boston, The Anti-Trust bill from the Senate was
imported for use by the company. While reported and discussed, but went over with the coal was in the warehouse, Congress out action.
passed an act limiting the brawback to
American vessels. The Court held, quite June 12th, after some time had been wasted properly no doubt, that importers must take in trying to vote without a quorum, a new the risk of a change in the laws; but what a conference was ordered on the Anti-Trust contemptible, sneaking performance on the Bill, and several reports were accepted, and part of Congress! — quite on a par with its a resolution of inquiry into the conduct of a rejection of copyright, and showing better steamship company in landing immigrants than almost anything else the low state of was adopted.
morality in that body. It deserves to be The Agricultural appropriation bill was noted, too, that this action is an underhanded, considered in committee of the whole, and, covert, subsidy to American ships, a subsidy on rising, was immediately passed.
which, if the drawback allowed is large, will
be much felt by competitors. June 13th, was devoted to the Civil appropriation bill in Committee of the Whole. It In the Italian Chamber of Deputies, a was said that the fourteen regular appropria- minority may demand on every measure a tion bills, which have been reported to the secret ballot. Mr. Trollope relates a very House, provide for an expenditure of $306,- striking instance of the reversal of the viva000,000, or $35,000,000 more than the aggre voce decision by the secret process. A vote gate of the same appropriations for the current was being takeu on a measure to enforce the year. Of this increase, the sum $18,000,000 law already existing for the stamping of all went for pensions, $12,000,000 for the post contracts, from which the government was office, $2,000,000 for the navy, while $3,000,- supposed to derive a handsome revenue, sadly 000 were attributed to the growth of the diminished, however, by fraud. The governcountry.”
ment was sustained by a very respectable
majority on the open vote, but was defeated people on the west coast of Ireland. What by a still larger majority on the secret ballot.
very stout man is responsible for the decline The explanation was,
that nearly in the fertility of the soil of that Island? all members were “interested” against the What stout and earnest persons are responsimeasure personally, but were ashamed to con ble for the present condition of the Balkan fess their lack of public spirit.
States? What are their names who have The curious thing in this connection is the produced the unstable equilibrium of Eurocontrast to the method of English and Ameri pean nationalities at the present moment? can legislatures. Here, the right of the Who has laid the train which shall presently minorities is to demand not a secret but an explode that mine on which rests the Armed open ballot. In effect, the minorities can here Peace? Stout and earnest persons — percompel the majority on every occasion to go haps; but certainly not few, unless you take on record by name; while in Italy, the effect millions for your units. is to permit members to escape responsibility for the way they cast their votes. Evidently, The secret of the success of the English the representative system cannot possibly be method of conducting the government is the more than a name where the representative solution given to the problem of the relation can conceal his vote from his constituents. between a representative and his constituents. The wonder is that such a method is found This is a very important question indeed, to work at all. Yet it evidently has one good because in a country with a large population point: it liberates the individual representa the representative system is the equivalent of tive from the tyranny of the caucus. But the democracy, being the only known means for end will hardly justify the means.
giving effect to the will of the majority of
voters. The problem is: What range of disMr. H. G. Hewlett, in the course of his cretion is left to the representative? how far review of Mr. Morley's “Life of Walpole,” does he retain responsibility, and with it quotes with approval Emerson's saying, that, freedom of action? Theoretically, indeed, “ All history resolves itself very easily into the the question is settled at every election; but biography of a few stout and earnest per- experience shows that this is only theoretical, sons.” No doubt history of a certain kind and that the occasions which actually arise for resolves itself into biography, but the question the representative to cast the vote for his conarises whether this is the history best worth stituents are more often than not occasions knowing For example, since he speaks for which they have given him no instrucspecially of England, into the biography of tions at all, or else quite inadequate instrucwhat “stout and earnest persons " does the tions. It has become abundantly evident that history of Ireland in the present century representatives must vote as they have been resolve itself? What few stout persons were instructed to vote – or, as we say, that they they who produced the famine of 1847, and must adhere to their party or to their platform. the consequent disturbances which are said But this covers only part of the questions on by the leaders of the present government to which they will be called to vote, and even threaten the integrity of the British Empire? these are susceptible of such infinite interThe great Irish famine and the industrial pretations that the instructions are often of state from which it resulted, as well as the the vaguest import. industrial and political conditions which have For example, the Republican members of succeeded, are facts and, I presume, parts of Congress may properly regard themselves as history. But any other than a disciple of instructed to adhere to the policy of “ ProCarlyle would find great difficulty in resolv tection.” But what directions have they ing these events into the biography of a few received from their constituents as to how stout persons, however earnest. It is barely they shall vote on the question of bounties to possible, I think, that physiology may have silk and sugar growers? How have they been played some part in the drama. The attor instructed to vote as to duties on hides, tinney-general of
Great Britain invited the plates, or glass? As to the latter details, it judges of the Parnell Commission to con may be suggested that representatives have sider the deflection of the Gulf Stream in their been sufficiently instructed by the platform study of the causes of the condition of the on which their constituents voted, but no