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mortgages at the rate of one per cent. Not more than one hundred thousand dollars more than $2,500 shall be loaned to any one yearly to the city." person, and preference shall be given those The Senate bill, having as its object the whose land is already encumbered (at higher extermination of the English sparrow, was rates).

engrossed by the House.

The New York corporation counsel has The Agricultur appropriation bill —

delivered an opinion to the effect that the $1,109,000 for the department, $645,000 for

new law in regard to weekly payments does the State experimental stations.

not apply to employees of the city who receive To establish an International American monthly or yearly salaries, but only to those Bank. The United States delegates to the whose wages are computed per diem. In Pan American conference are hereby desig

Massachusetts, where a somewhat similar law nated commissioners to receive subscriptions prevails, a railway company has been indicted to the stock, capital fixed at $10,000,000, for failing to comply with it; the company which may be increased to $25,000,000. The claims the law is unconstitutional. directors shall be twenty-five, of whom fifteen must be citizens of the United States; and

IN GENERAL. stockholders shall be liable only to the amount In the convention of German Catholics at of their subscription.

Milwaukee, Wis., it has been decided to raise funds by subscription to secure a repeal of the

present Bennett educational law and to oppose Massachusetts.- The West End Elevated

any future measures of similar intent. Railway bill was ordered unanimously by the Senate to a third reading, and later passed.

In Madison, Wis., the Common Council

expelled from the Board of Aldermen two The Senate also passed the Meigs Elevated

members, and removed from office the chief Railway bill.

of the fire department, for accepting bribes The Senate rejected the House bill making

in connection with the purchase of department Saturday a half-holiday during June, July,

supplies. and August, for town and city employees.

In a number of cases before the New York The bill aimed at the suppression of “bucket-shops" and all forms of dealing in

Superior and Supreme Courts, suits against securities and commodities when not actually

the elevated railways on account of damage to bought and delivered, was ordered by the

property have been decided in favor of the House to a third reading. A State Supreme

plaintiffs. In one case, where the elevated

track passed a large apartment house, $35,000 Court decision declares the “bucket-shop business to be illegal.

was granted for damages to the easement and The House passed to be engrossed the bill

$2,000 yearly for loss of rents. regulating the granting of franchises to use A difficulty has arisen as regards the interthe public thoroughfares for the carriage of pretation of the liquor law passed by the last passengers or goods, or for the distribution of Legislature (N.Y.) This measure made it unlawcommodities or supplies. The object of this

ful for any excise commissioner or inspector or bill is to demand payment for such franchises,

any public commissioner or other subordinate either directly or by compelling the company

to be interested in the manufacture or sale of which has obtained one to share some city

liquor. The Attorney-General has declared expense, as, for example, the paving and the law constitutional, and while not applying keeping in order of the streets. This latter to sheriffs, game constables, or justices of the plan is in operation successfully with the peace in towns, yet applicable to presistreet railways of Philadelphia.

dents, and trustees of villages, and police The House ordered to a third readivg the

justices and town constables in cities and bill compelling the publication of election villages; in certain cases it will even apply to campaign expenses, when exceeding twenty the mayors of cities, as when the mayor is a dollars a day.

member of the Police Board. The House defeated the bill to consolidate The Chicago Gas Trust which was declared six of Boston's city departments under one unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Illihead. This bill, if passed, would have saved nois, has been renamed the Chicago Gas Com

pany. As the result of a suit against the Enough evidence that such a state of affairs Trust, a receiver has been appointed.

existed has been collected, and the old bosThe Supreme Court of Massachusetts has

ses” will have to answer to the Courts for decided that it is within the Constitution for disregarding the Alien Contract Labor Law. cities and towns to engage in the production and supply of gas and electric lights for street lighting purposes. This is in opposition to THE “ORIGINAL PACKAGE.” the opinion of the Attorney-General. The Labor Unions of the District of Co

Two agents, one of a large Cincinnati lumbia have sent a petition to the President

brewery and the other of a brewery in Kanrequesting that the eight-hour law be enforced.

sas City, have been arrested for violation of It is shown that this law is violated in many

prohibition laws. The agents were selling of the departments; it is asked that the hours

original packages,” and have the wealth of shall be made consecutive, and that public

the breweries behind them. The suits, how

ever decided, will be carried to the highest contractors shall be required to observe orders

court. to that effect.

The prohibitionists claim that the law simply protects the outsider, who origi

nally imports the package; that further sale, STRIKES.

opened or unopened, must be governed by In Massachusetts, the striking carpenters State laws, and that this view is in accord of Boston are making a strong effort to form with the late decision of the Supreme Court a co-operative association.

of the Upited States. The Quincy quarrymen have compromised for a slight increase of wages; this was done for fear of a lockout. The Rockport strikers in the shoe manufac

POLITICS. tory have returned to work, having secured It has been remarked of primogeniture union prices.

that the " system is a very artificial one; you At Springfield, the cigar-makers have re may make a fine argument for it, but you sumed work at the old schedule.

cannot make a loud argument, an argument The strikers in the Westboro shoe factory which would reach and rule the multitude." have abandoned their strike, having secured The chief reflection raised by the speeches at the discharge of all non-union workers. the Home Market Club last Saturday is, that

The cigars-makers of New York City are protection is an artificial system for which out on a strike, 2,000 strong. Their demands you cannot make a fine argument, but you are living rates, or from fifty cents to $2.50 can “ make a loud argument, an argument per thousand.

which would reach and rule the multitude." A decrease in wages precipitated a strike The speeches, however, except that of Mr. among the ice carriers of New York City. A Dingley, hardly reached the level of argugeneral strike among the ice men is looked ment. Most of the speakers were content to for.

talk to their hearers as American audiences One hundred hands employed at the Cen like to be talked to. “We are dealing also tral ballast quarries at South Kankakee, Ill., with the most intelligent people in the world, have struck for an advance of twenty-tive who have attained to the highest standard of cents a day. An offer of an advance of ten living and the highest development of politicents has been refused.

cal power, individually and as a whole." About one hundred employees in a cotton Consider the unrivalled blessedness we have mill at Philadelphia, Pa., have begun a strike reached under the guidance of our god Probecause a promised restoration of last sum tection. Great is Diana of the Ephesians. mer's wage rate has not been made. They American wages for American workmen. have been working at a reduction of two cents American markets for the American people. per piece.

Protection to hone industries. In Chicago, Ill., the union carpenters, sus Mr. Dingley's speech was of a different charpecting the “old bosses ” of importing work acter. In defence of the tariff bill now pendmen, put spies at work among the men. ing, he called attention to the fact that it

makes the average duty upon all imports 66 The merchants of this country are as about 27 per cent, very nearly the same as the dependent upon the bankers of Europe in Mills bill, and 10 per cent less than the exist their financial transactions with their Ameriing rate. This should be a justification of the can neighbors as they are upon the ship

easure in the eyes of “tariff reformers," owners of Great Britain for transportation but on the theory of protectiou it is difficult facilities, and will continue to labor under to see how it makes much difference what the these embarrassments until direct banking duty is, provided that it excludes the foreign systems are established.” article.

He does not, however, take the trouble But on some articles the duty has been to inform us what these embarrassments": increased. We are told that this country are, nor does he say anything to show how imported manufactured goods with a foreign the hindrances, assuming their existence, invoiced valuation of $258,000,000, and with will be any better removed by the establisha domestic valuation of $358,000,000. With ment of a bank called International American adequate protection, half of these goods might than by the banks already doing business be manufactured in this country. It seems

under other names. He says, indeed, that that $92,000,000, 37 per cent plus the freight, the greater part of the imports from South is not adequate protection. These goods can America are paid for by remittances to Lonnot be manufactured here for $350,000,000, don, and that the London bankers are thus but they might be for a larger sum; so it will

enabled to collect from our merchants a manifestly be for our advantage to pay, may

“ tax " of three fourths of one per cent. He be, $400,000,000 to get $258,000,000 worth of asserts that this charge will be “ largely goods. When a man is so far gone as seri reduced” by the system of direct banking; ously to make such an assertion as this, there but not one word does he offer in proof of is no hope for him in this world or in the this statement, nor of the assumption that world to come.

the establishment of the proposed bank will The reason alleged for the higher cost of produce a system of direct banking. The goods in this country is the higher wages paid probability is overwhelming that the syshere. But it is perfectly certain that the real tem of clearing through London possesses wages paid to factory operatives in this advantages sufficient to secure the persistence country, taking into account the longer hours of that system; and there is no evidence here and the higher prices workmen are whatever that advantage of any kind will obliged to pay for what they buy, are not attach to the proposed system. This being thirty-seven per cent higher than those paid the state of the case, it is to be hoped that in England. And wages do not usually consti no one will be sanguine enough to embark tutes more than half the cost of the manufac in the new scheme simply on the strength of tured article; so these manufactures already

the name. The assumption is perfectly sound enjoy much more protection than the differ that American merchants and American ence in the rate of wages would warrant. bankers would have discovered their loss

It is noteworthy that the three most before this, if banking in London caused important branches of manufacture, the them a loss. But if any one loses a cent cotton, the woollen, and the iron manufac through the new bank, the blame will lie witb tures, were started before the era of high the President and the Congress of the United protection and flourished under a low tariff.

States. One would naturally expect that it would cost more to support a full-grown pauper industry than an infant; but there is great difficulty in

Sixteen States now have school suffrage understanding why it should cost more in

for women. Kansas has municipal suffrage. proportion to the size.

Wyoming is the first State whose daughters are politically free. It is our hope that South

Dakota will be the second. This year, for The President transmitted to Congress a the first time, the Judiciary Committee of the letter of the Secretary of State advocating the Unied States House of Representatives has establishment of an international (American) reported in favor of a sixteenth amendment bank. Mr. Blaine says:

enfranchising women. - - Woman's Journal,

The international railway scheme, for According to the St. Louis Globe Democrat, which $65,000 of your and my money was five thousand statutes have been added to the taken by Congress, is an essentially vicious written laws of Missouri since 1879. As the scheme, and its effects will not fail to be in assembly of this State has biennial sessions, jurious. It is one of the many vicious the average output of statutes has been one schemes hatched out by the Pan American thousand per session for the assembly of conferevce.

1890 is not included. The average output for In the first instance, it deserves to be noted this decade has, therefore, been somewhat in that in most, if not in all, cases of govern excess of the average for the whole period of ment interference with railway construction operation. For Missouri was admitted in in Europe the defence for the action has 1820, and the total pumber of statutes is now been the exigency of military strategy. thirty thousand an average of 428.57 per Railroads play a very important part in the year. Any one with a fondness for figures military system of European countries. And and a knowledge of arithmetic can now find whem it comes to preparing for war, it may the number of statutes required (?) govern truly be said that all rules fail. The politi the Missourians at any given future date. cal action whose motive and object is military, must be controlled by considerations

A few weeks ago there occurred under the totally different from those which should con

gilded dome of the Massachusetts State House trol industrial actions.

a most extraordinary event. A biil had been But this scheme is not proposed as a mili

proposed to regulate the instalment business. tary measure. On the contrary, the purpose

Sellers of goods on partial payments were to is that the neutrality of the road shall be

be required to have executed a written agreeguaranteed by all the governments concerned.

ment, contract (or whatever the document We know what such guaranties amount to.

may have been called), and to have the same Still the intention may here serve to fix the

recorded, after the manner of mortgages. crime. The railroad is intended to be an

Here, it would seem, was an opportunity not industrial performance, and it may be confi

to be lost to extend the control of the State, dently predicted that the execution of the

but, wonderful to relate, the bill was rejected 1 project will be attended by the evils which

Think of that! - actually rejected! the Legisinvariably accompany the interference of the

lature refused to meddle. Now let the political state with industry. It will suffice

heavens fall. here to note one of the ways in which the governments will lay up trouble for them

While bills taking millions of dollars out selves; the property and revenue of the rail

of the people's pockets are hurried through road shall be exempt from taxation of all kinds.

Congress in a few hours; while every session Why should the possessors of ready capital

yields a mass of ill-considered restrictions of be given this advantage over others whose

personal liberty; while both Congress and property — if they have any — is not easily

State legislatures spend the people's time in convertible? An invariable accessory of industrial stimulation is to give advantages to

regulating banke, insurance companies, and

railroads, or with supervising the diet of capitalists.

citizens and prescribing when and how they

may use butter or beer; while these concerns The Supreme Court of Nebraska decided

absorb the attention of legislators, it takes that the Farmer's Alliance had the right to

twelve years to probate a will! This has been construct an elevator on the right-of-way of

the experience of the heirs of Samuel Woods, the Missouri Pacific railroad. The principle

and now scarcely a tithe of the property is here involved is one which should not have

left. been left to the discretion of the Court, but should have been settled by the articles of in Why are unsaleable bushels of corn raised corporation of the company. In this case, in Nebraska? Is it because Government now the decision of the Court is sound politics, fails to protect individuals against the rapa: whether good law or not. Eminent domain city of railroads? No; it is not because now should not be exercised to estabļish a mo the Government leaves undone that which it popoly of grain elevators,

should do, but because, in 1862, it did that

which it should not have done. It attempted politics centres in the distribution of the to apply an artificial stimulus to the course spoils of our quadrennial campaigns the name of industrial development; and now, when of Mr. Clarkson is sufficiently familiar ; for the attempt has partially succeeded, and the information of others, it may be well to more corn is raised in Nebraska in 1889 than remark that Mr. Clarkson is an officer of the would have been raised there without the Federal government, a postmaster indeed. stimulus, now when artificial disaster has fol So he was invited to address a political club lowed in the train of artificial stimulus, we on the subject of politics, and was listened to, are met with a demand for an equally artifi- judging from the daily papers, by the whole cial remedy.

people. At this moment there is no part of the At first thought there is something palpably pressure toward socialism so strong as that absurd in the fact of a man's being listened to which has sprung from the actual develop on the subject of politics simply because he ment of railroads. And this, the actual rela is a postmaster; and so it must have seemed tion between the railroads and other parts of to Mr. Clarkson himself, for the burden of his our industrial apparatus, is largely the result harangue was to the effect that Politics is a of Governmental action. The right of emi concern quite different in theory and in pracnent domain has been recklessly, and, in tice from POST-OFFICES and other business many cases, corruptly, granted; public prop concerns. At any rate, be contended that in erty has been recklessly, and, in many cases, the matter of appointments and office holding corruptly, squandered to produce artificial the political machine was not adapted to being and undesirable industrial expansion. It is run on business principles. When the people only natural that the accompaniment of this apply themselves to politics, they ought to course of injurious governmental activity know that it is politics, and not profits, they should be a state of equally injurious ipac must seek and expect. So Mr. Clarkson, and tivity. Minority stockholders have not been 80 TO-DAY. But one of the very first inferprotected in their rights, and thus corpora ences we draw from this opinion is that the tions, which should have been confined to post-office, not being a political concern, operation within the bounds for which emi should not be run by political methods. And nent domain was exercised in their behalf, this inference is so plain and irresisitible that have been permitted to override these limits, 'Mr. Clarkson could not but have felt himself and to own and control not only other rail sadly out of place. We are to blame for this roads, but a great variety of entirely discon man's being out of place. I make no question nected business.

but he is a very good politician

and an exeIt is impossible to overlook the fact that crable postmaster. There is no natural bond the much-abused monopolies of the last twenty whatever between politics and post-offices. years have very often been connected with Mr. Clarkson objects to having business railroads, and railroads have come into exis invade the sphere of politics; but it is equally, tence by the exercise of eminent domain. if not more, objectionable that politics should If to these monopolies are added those much invade the sphere of business. If a postmasmore directly traceable to Government inter ter, or a baggage-master, as the case may be, ference with industry – through the opera has anything to say on the subject of politics, tion of the so-called “Protective” tariff I am not aware of any good reason why his the reflection is sufficient to make us pause. occupation should act as a bar to his saying May it not be a fact that all the so-called it. But also I am at a loss to understand what monopolies are direct or indirect effects of superiority the opinion of the one may have Governmental interference? Aud we know over that of the other. Mr. Clarkson's ambithat it is a fact that these monopolies, in one

tion and, we trust and believe, his capacities, way or another, are the mainsprings of the led him into politics, but adverse fate, or an prevailing socialistic movement.

ingrate government, consigned him to the

seclusion of a business bureau. We can well A gentleman by the name of Clarkson - J. comprehend and sympathize with the feelings S. Clarkson, in fact — addressed a Republican of pique which naturally possess his mind club the other day, on the subject of contem whenever ho reflects on the inappreciation of porary politics. To those whose interest in the people. How inconsiderate, then, in the

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