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That sometime and somewhere he will Sometime and somewhere shall we walk,
Impatient, to meet me [wait, Clear of earth, in high places ? Round the corner, perhaps, at the gate, Sometime and somewhere shall we talk, Come smiling to greet me."
With our hearts in our faces ?
By Gustav Kobbe.
MERICAN numismat- the partisans of the former, still smart
ists have an advantage ing under his defeat by Adams four over their brethren of years previous, made a rattling canvass other countries; for for Old Hickory. The medallists, scentthe political institu- ing a chance for a rushing business at tions peculiar to the the large Jackson meetings held during United States have this campaign, struck off medals bearing
originated a branch his likeness and spirited mottoes or refof numismatic art not represented in erences to his military career, by wearthe numismatics of any other nation. ing which his partisans showed their The coinage of foreign countries usually devotion to their hero's cause. Ever bears the likeness of the rulers of the since then political canvasses have been nation. Had the precedent been fol- periods of great activity for our die-sinklowed in the United States it would have An unbroken numismatic record made necessary innovations in our coin- of the Presidential campaigns from that age at intervals of four or eight years; of 1828 to those of our own time has whereas the so-called Washington cent is been preserved to us through the enthe only coin of the United States bear- thusiasm of several collectors, foremost ing a Presidential likeness.
among them Mr. Robert Hewitt, formerOur medallists have sought to make ly an officer of the American Numismatic up for the absence from our coinage of and Archæological Society of New York, portraits of those who have been our which also has many valuable Camchief magistrates, and their work in this paigners” in its cabinet. The series of direction has resulted in what is known Presidential Campaign Medals is unique. among collectors as the series of Polit- It was not fashioned mechanically and ical Medals and Tokens. This consists unemotionally in the mint like our own of such pieces as bear the likeness of and foreign coinage. The medals bear any President or Vice-President of the evidence of having been struck off in the United States or of any of the unsuc- heat and passion of the hour. The pocessful candidates for those offices. For litical excitement with which the air instance, beginning with the inaugura- quivered, the very shouts of contending tion of Washington, the national govern- partisans seem to have passed into the ment has commemorated the coming in metal through the burin as it graved of each Administration by having struck line after line of some striking design off at the mint large silver medals, called or letter after letter of some ringing Indian medals because they are present- campaign cry which in one terse sened to the chiefs of certain tribes as tence reflected the spirit of the canvass. pledges of friendship. The mint issues The campaign medal of earliest date also “Presidential medals” which bear (1824) is not a genuine “Campaigner ” the bust of the successful candidate and but a John Quincy Adams “Presidenthe date of his election. Besides the tial,” through which a hole has been mint medals there are many“Politicals,” punched. Its battered condition is eviwhich have been struck off on the order dence that it was worn. The theory of of societies or individuals or by medal- the Numismatic Society, to whose cabilists as business ventures.
net it belongs, is that some partisan of A large subdivision of the “Politi- Adams in the campaign of 1828 punched cals,” known as Presidential Campaign the hole through it and wore it, so that Medals, or “Campaigners” for short, we Jackson's supporters should not have owe to the business enterprise of our the monopoly of outward manifestations medallists. In the second campaign be- of their inward political faith. tween Jackson and John Quincy Adams The Jacksonian series is not limited
to this. Numerous medals were struck policy, since the Jackson medals of this in honor of Old Hickory (1, 2, 3). That, campaign contain no reference to the even in a republic, whose institutions candidate's utterances on the political
are distinctly and emphatically civil, questions of the time or to his position military prowess excites popular ad- toward them. His supporters seem to miration and throws a glamour around have relied solely upon his military rea public man beside which the halo of nown as a charm ; and they were not statesmanship grows dim, is shown by mistaken in its powers. For Old Hickthe fact that the most popular medallic ory's candidacy was so popular that design with Jackson's partisans was a tradespeople issued brass medallets (nurepresentation of the battle of New Or- mismatically known as tokens), usually leans, his chief military exploit. On bearing on their obverse a bust of Jack
such pieces son and on the reverse, in compliment as did not to him, a profile of Washington, and bear it it the name and business of the firm in was usually conspicuous lettering. Thus the hero at least re- of New Orleans, in company with the ferred to. Father of his Country, "boomed” hardThus, on ware, military goods, oysters, and drugs; the reverse and even a mixture for soothing shriekof a large ing infants was advertised on the reverse
of a military bust of the irascible old warrior from Tennessee.
The military character of the
Jackson medals of 1828 makes Jackson Campaign Medals, 1824_'28–'32.*
medal of white-metal—a metal resembling pewter and much used by medallists—there is, enclosed in a wreath of oak and laurel, the the politifollowing inscription : "General Jack- cal charson, the gallant and successful defender acter of of New Orleans and candidate for the those of the Presidency of the United States of following America, 1828.” In fact, his renown as ca m paign a soldier seems to have entirely obscured the more his political reputation ; for there is marked. no medallic evidence that he was sup- The battle ported as the exponent of any special of New Orleans disappears from the med
als and in its place we find evidence of * The illustrations are from pieces in the cabinets of genuine political warfare. The metallic matic and Archæological Society of New York.
circles surround such mottoes as “ The VOL. IV.-34
Robert Hewitt, William Poillon, and the American Numis
Bank must perish !” and “The Union the “great expounder” on the reverse. must and shall be preserved !” These The medal was evidently struck in honor refer of course to Jackson's opposition of Webster, though it is difficult to conto the rechartering of the United States strue the curious design as complimentBank and to his determined resistance to ary. Jackson had been the first “man the South Carolina Nullifiers-positions of the people” to occupy the Presidenhe held as firmly as he did the ramparts tial chair, and in the campaign of 1836 of cotton bales at New Orleans. As the the Democratic party was extolled by medallists, in order that their produc- its orators as the party of the “people, tions might meet with a ready sale, have and the farmer's vote was flattered by always adopted those designs and mot- Van Buren's partisans. There is striktoes with which the political atmosphere ing evidence of this policy on two of was charged, the Jackson medals of the the most important Van Buren medals period referred to prove that political of this year. On the reverse of one
pluck can also excite popular enthusi- of these—a large white-metal piece—a asm; and that while Jackson went into plough and other agricultural implethe White House in 1828 on what may ments are conspicuously grouped in in a double sense be termed glittering front of a temple of Liberty (1); and generalities, he owed his re-election to the reverse of the other shows a man the strain of political “must " which ploughing and the inscription : was developed in his character by the Democracy who can justly appreciate crisis which confronted him during his Liberty and Equality" (6). first term.
Four years later Van Buren and HarThe campaign of 1836 was a five-cor- rison again met in the political arena. nered fight. The opponents of Jack- This canvass was one of the most excitson's financial policy assumed the name ing in our history. Every expedient of Whigs. The Democrats nominated was resorted to by politicians of both Van Buren, an ardent partisan of Jack- parties to play upon popular feeling, and son, who was elected. The electoral the whole country was aroused The votes of the opposition were distributed Whigs conducted what has come down among Harrison, 73, Hugh L. White, to us as “the shouting campaign.” The 26, Daniel Webster, 14, and Willie P.
Democrats having Mangum, 11. The most interesting
sneered at Harrimedal of this campaign is a brass Web
son for living in ster piece of medium size, on the reverse
a log cabin with of which is an old woman riding on a
nothing but hard broom-stick and wielding a crutch (5).
cider to drink, his With this design goes the inscription :
partisans raised “We all have our hobbies.” It might
the cry for the be supposed that the medal was a relic
“log cabin and of the days when the advocates of fe
hard cider candimale suffrage put forth their first tenta
Medal Commemorating the Organization of the Liberty tive efforts, were it not for a profile of
60 IT ITP
ed, it grew so ex& obv. 8, rev.
citing that in one
Massachusetts town, for instance, a church was tumed over to Harrison's partisans. They built a log cabin on wheels and drew it to the church with eighty yoke of oxen, young girls on horseback, each representing a State, riding in advance bearing green boughs and banners
and strewing the road with flowers, THE SUB
while the whole procession shouted : “For Tippecanoe and Tyler too,
Tippecanoe and Tyler too, date.” This
With them we will beat little Van, touched the
Van, Van is a used-up man.” popular imag
“ Tippecanoe” was a watchword ination, and
among Harrison's adherents, who people fairly
thus made capital went wild with
out of his military enthusiasm 12
exploits as well as and hard cider;
out of the simplicfor from the
ity of his daily barrel which the candidate pro
walk. claimed he was ready to tap for
There is striking any one who entered his cabin,
numismatic evicider seemed to flow all over the
dence of the excountry. Log cabins and barrels were features at nearly all the Harrison meetings, and were also borne in the large processions organized by Harrison's supporters,—the first political proces- citement sions in our history-on which occasions which prethe barrels were usually found to be more vailed durpersuasive orators than the speakers. ing this The Harrison medals (8, oby, and rev., campaign 13) faithfully record the popularity of in the cirthe barrel, for the medallists even sus cumstance that the pended their regard for perspective, and medallic series bearin their representations of Harrison's ing upon it is much primitive home made the barrel so con- larger numerically spicuous an object in the surrounding than any relating to landscape that beside it the mountains any of the previous dwindle to mounds and the trees to
Harrison and Van Buren Medals of the Campaign of bushes.